CN202709435U - Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace - Google Patents

Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202709435U
CN202709435U CN 201220338838 CN201220338838U CN202709435U CN 202709435 U CN202709435 U CN 202709435U CN 201220338838 CN201220338838 CN 201220338838 CN 201220338838 U CN201220338838 U CN 201220338838U CN 202709435 U CN202709435 U CN 202709435U
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China
Prior art keywords
burning
ash
bio
thorax
shell
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220338838
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王义红
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YANTAI YIHE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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YANTAI YIHE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220338838 priority Critical patent/CN202709435U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace which comprises a shell and an upper cover which is arranged on the upper end of shell. A combustion device is arranged on one side of the interior of the shell, a combustion hopper is arranged on the other side of the interior of the shell, and a water package wall is arranged on the lateral wall of the combustion device. The bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace is characterized in that the combustion device comprises a combustion inner chamber, wherein a smoke tube and a heat absorbing tube are arranged on the upper end of the combustion inner chamber, a smoke tube ash-collecting device is arranged above the combustion inner chamber, and a net chain ash-collecting device and a base ash-collecting device are arranged on the lower portion of the combustion inner chamber. A unique net chain structure is adopted by the bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace, so that a combustion space is increased, bio-fuel can be burned fully, heat supplying of a large area is guaranteed, and simultaneously a smoke tube ash-cleaning hole and an ash-cleaning hole are arranged on the upper cover, and under the condition that the furnace does not need dismantling, the aims that the smoke tube is repeatedly recycled and rapid and convenient to clean and maintain are achieved.

Description

A kind of bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace
Technical field
The utility model relates to the combustion furnace technical field, is specifically related to a kind of bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace.
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of people's living standard, live in the people's in samll cities and towns and vast rural area life style and draw close to the city gradually, the faggot of the heating that in the past was used for cooking is given it up, use in a large number the non-renewable resources such as liquefied gas, natural gas, coal.Especially in the winter time, heating is concentrated, and various heating stoves consume a large amount of coal, and the thermal efficiency of coal burning is extremely low, also can serious environment pollution, accelerate greenhouse effects, and coom poisoning happens occasionally, and has brought certain potential safety hazard.
The reproducible biomass fuel in samll cities and towns and vast rural area (such as faggot, stalk, leaf, deadwood, wood chip, various shells etc.) resource is sufficient, most of biomass fuels are not effectively utilized, majority fires off or naturally rots, caused waste, therefore sometimes also can be and initiation fire brings potential safety hazard.
Need a kind of automation multipurpose furnace of firing biomass fuel in the prior art badly.
The utility model content
The deficiency that the utility model exists in order to overcome prior art, a kind of bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace is provided, and bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace firing biomass fuel can be saved non-renewable resources, advantage with environmental protection, safety is when being convenient to simultaneously the ashes cleaning.What discharge is gas, can not exert an influence to surrounding environment, low-carbon environment-friendly, economical and efficient, intelligent automatic control have been realized, it is a kind of bio-fuel (agricultural crop straw, weeds, wood chip etc.) full-automatic intelligent carbon dioxide generation technique that utilizes, the high purification of carbon dioxide of the normal temperature that produces is sent to required part with pipeline.Simultaneously, the heat efficient absorption that with wind or two kinds of endless form of water (user is free) combustion process is produced.For example: in the winter time, flowers and green house of vegetables use this equipment can take into account carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer and insulation and usefulness.When not needing heating to heat up, the heat derivation can be used it for anything else, supply with separately carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer.In fowl poultry aquatic products and the cultivation of bacterium mushroom, utilize its effective warming automatic control function to keep preference temperature, the high purification of carbon dioxide that produces is discharged booth, does not affect environment in the canopy, without atmosphere pollution.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace comprises shell, and the upper end of shell is provided with loam cake; Inside one side of described shell is provided with burner, and opposite side is provided with the burning hopper; The sidewall of described burner is provided with water bag wall, it is characterized in that: described burner comprises thorax in the burning, and the upper end of thorax is equipped with smoke pipe and endothermic tube in the burning; The top of thorax is provided with smoke pipe collection apparatus for ash in the described burning, and the bottom of thorax is provided with network chain collection apparatus for ash and base collection apparatus for ash in the burning.
Say further:
Thorax is thorax in the suction type burning in the described burning, and thorax comprises burning kitchen range assembly in the suction type burning, between the burning kitchen range assembly striker plate is installed, and a side of described burning kitchen range assembly is equipped with igniter; Described burning kitchen range assembly and striker plate are installed on mechanism's backplate, and mechanism's backplate is fixed on the outer casing inner wall by fixed support; The below of described burning kitchen range assembly is equipped with network chain collection apparatus for ash; Thorax is communicated with smoke pipe, endothermic tube and burning hopper respectively in the suction type burning.
Described network chain collection apparatus for ash comprises network chain, and the network chain motor that is in transmission connection with network chain, and the network chain motor is installed in the shell by motor cabinet.
Further say:
The bottom of described burning hopper is provided with helical feeding apparatus, and helical feeding apparatus comprises installation material loading motor in the enclosure and the spiral feeding mechanism that is connected with the material loading motor-driven.
Cover on described and be provided with ash removing opening, and the smoke pipe ash removing opening that matches with smoke pipe.
Be provided with air exhauster in the described shell, an end of air exhauster is communicated with thorax in the suction type burning.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: the supply chain network structure of the utility model uniqueness, increased the combustion space, so just can make the more abundant of biomass fuel combustion, for the large tracts of land heating provides guarantee.In addition, placing burning kitchen range structure makes fuel combustion more concentrated on the supply chain network structure, and it is more concentrated to ventilate, and flame is flocked together, and has greatly improved the efficiency of combustion of fuel and the heating effect of flame.Fuel is fully burned, has thoroughly solved because knot carbon causes lack of air to affect the problem of ignition temperature, reach desirable heat supply temperature.Simultaneously, on cover and be provided with the smoke pipe ash removing opening, realized in the situation that need not to dismantle, smoke pipe repeatedly recycle and clear up more easily maintenance mode, cover on also having ash removing opening is set, not only can filter dust, also make things convenient for the line service of biological stove, also increase the security of using simultaneously.In addition, endothermic tube is arranged on enclosure, has increased endotherm area, has realized the interior heating process to the aqueous solution in the stove, not only Effective Raise heating efficiency, also prevented simultaneously the loss of heat.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the external structure schematic diagram of a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the side internal structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the opposite side of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of network chain collection apparatus for ash among a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structured flowchart of the robot control system(RCS) that designs among a kind of embodiment of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1-smoke pipe collection apparatus for ash; The 2-loam cake; The 3-shell; 4-network chain collection apparatus for ash; 5-base collection apparatus for ash; The 6-ash removing opening; 7-smoke pipe ash removing opening; The 8-hopper that burns; 9-water bag wall; The 10-air exhauster; 11-network chain motor; 12-base collection apparatus for ash; 13-material loading motor; The 14-spiral feeding mechanism; The 15-endothermic tube; Thorax in the burning of 16-suction type; The 17-network chain; The 18-smoke pipe; 19-mechanism backplate; The 20-network chain; 21-burning kitchen range assembly; 22-network chain motor; 23-material loading network chain; The 24-motor cabinet; The 25-igniter.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described in detail.
Such as Fig. 1-shown in Figure 4, a kind of bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace comprises shell 3, and the upper end of shell 3 is provided with loam cake 2.Inside one side of described shell 3 is provided with burner, and opposite side is provided with burning hopper 8.The sidewall of described burner is provided with water bag wall 9.Water bag wall 9 is prior art, and an end connects cold water pipe, and the other end connects hot-water line, can satisfy shower, wash the domestic water demand such as dish, and leaving water temperature can according to Flow-rate adjustment, can be controlled between 40 ℃-60 ℃.
In the present embodiment, described burner comprises thorax in the burning, and the upper end of thorax is equipped with smoke pipe 18 and endothermic tube 15 in the burning.The top of thorax is provided with smoke pipe collection apparatus for ash 1 in the described burning, and the bottom of thorax is provided with network chain collection apparatus for ash 4 and base collection apparatus for ash 5,12 in the burning.
Further, what thorax adopted in the burning is thorax 16 in the suction type burning, and burning kitchen range assembly 21 in the thorax 16 is equipped with striker plate between the burning kitchen range assembly 21 in the suction type burning.The installation of striker plate comes design and installation according to the actual needs.Burning kitchen range assembly 21 makes fuel combustion more concentrated, and it is more concentrated to ventilate, and flame is flocked together, and has greatly improved the efficiency of combustion of fuel and the heating effect of flame.Such design not only makes fuel be fully burned, and thoroughly having solved because knot carbon causes lack of air affects the problem of ignition temperature, and the thermal discharge in the unit interval is improved, and reaches desirable heating effect.
As required, a side of burning kitchen range assembly 21 is equipped with igniter 25, and burning kitchen range assembly 21 and striker plate be installed on mechanism's backplate 19, and mechanism's backplate 19 is fixed on shell 3 inwalls by fixed support.The below of described burning kitchen range assembly 21 is equipped with network chain collection apparatus for ash 4, and thorax 16 is communicated with respectively at smoke pipe 18, endothermic tube 15 and burning hopper 8 in the suction type burning.
In the present embodiment, network chain collection apparatus for ash 4 comprises network chain 17,20, and with network chain 17, the 20 network chain motor 22 that is in transmission connection, network chain motor 22 is installed in the shell 3 by motor cabinet 24.
The bottom of burning hopper 8 is provided with helical feeding apparatus, and helical feeding apparatus comprises the material loading motor 13 that is installed in the shell 3 and the spiral feeding mechanism 14 that is in transmission connection with material loading motor 13.
Be provided with ash removing opening 6 on the described loam cake 2, and the smoke pipe ash removing opening 7 that matches with smoke pipe 18.
Be provided with air exhauster 10 in the described shell, an end of air exhauster 10 is communicated with thorax 16 in the suction type burning.
According to the actual needs, network chain motor 22 and material loading motor 13 are adjustable speed motor.
The biomass fuel that the broken high energy such as the agricultural crop straw that Automated bio-fuel burning multi-purpose furnace of the present utility model can be discarded the rural area, leaf, deadwood, wood chip, various shell, weeds, wooden finishing material are crushed to the particle of 6mm-8mm acts as a fuel, the fuel combustion temperature can be controlled between the 400-700 degree at any time, make sufficient combustion.And the utility model control intake, reduce air output, discharge less heat, thorax adopts thorax in the suction type burning in the burning, pressure ratio in the stove is outdoor low, absorb extraneous gas, do not leak the waste gas of burning, waste gas is through repeatedly absorbing, discharge at last outdoor communicating, directly be discharged to outdoor, discharge be flue gas, do not affect indoor environment.
Collection apparatus for ash of the present utility model adopts supply chain network structure, has increased the combustion space, so just can make the more abundant of biomass fuel combustion, for the large tracts of land heating provides guarantee.In addition, placing burning kitchen range structure makes fuel combustion more concentrated on the supply chain network structure, and it is more concentrated to ventilate, and flame is flocked together, and has greatly improved the efficiency of combustion of fuel and the heating effect of flame.Fuel is fully burned, has thoroughly solved because knot carbon causes lack of air to affect the problem of ignition temperature, reach desirable heat supply temperature.
In addition, on cover and be provided with the smoke pipe ash removing opening, realized in the situation that need not to dismantle, smoke pipe repeatedly recycle and clear up more easily maintenance mode, cover on also having ash removing opening is set, not only can filter dust, also make things convenient for the line service of biological stove, also increase the security of using simultaneously.In addition, endothermic tube is arranged on enclosure, has increased endotherm area, has realized the interior heating process to the aqueous solution in the stove, not only Effective Raise heating efficiency, also prevented simultaneously the loss of heat.
At last, for handled easily, at each exercisable position or the position that can monitor, such as positions such as motor, combustion furnace, air exhauster, smoke pipe, endothermic tubes, control device or sensor are installed, and utilize existing automaton, motor, air exhauster or combustion furnace etc. are controlled.
The structured flowchart for a kind of automatic control system of the utility model design as shown in Figure 5, as useful replenishing of the present utility model.Automatic control system mainly comprises CPU, input/output interface, timer.Input/output interface connects respectively each motor, each pipeline, and input/output interface also connects respectively the sensor that is arranged on the positions such as each motor, each pipeline in addition.Automatic control system can be according to the temperature value of setting and setting, realize automatic ignition, temperature automatically controlled, automatic blanking, the automatic ignition work of sending a telegram here again that has a power failure, temperature exceeds design temperature autoshutdown blanking motor, and temperature drops to the design temperature normal operation of again lighting a fire.Such design can easily realize in those skilled in the art, that is to say, above-mentioned improvement does not break away from flesh and blood and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.
Should be noted that at last; above content is only in order to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model; but not to the restriction of the utility model protection domain; the simple modification that those of ordinary skill in the art carries out the technical solution of the utility model or be equal to replacement does not all break away from essence and the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a bio-fuel burning chain type multipurpose furnace comprises shell (3), and the upper end of shell (3) is provided with loam cake (2); Inside one side of described shell (3) is provided with burner, and opposite side is provided with burning hopper (8); The sidewall of described burner is provided with water bag wall (9), it is characterized in that: described burner comprises thorax in the burning, and the upper end of thorax is equipped with smoke pipe (18) and endothermic tube (15) in the burning; The top of thorax is provided with smoke pipe collection apparatus for ash (1) in the described burning, and the bottom of thorax is provided with network chain collection apparatus for ash (4) and base collection apparatus for ash (5,12) in the burning.
2. bio-fuel according to claim 1 burning chain type multipurpose furnace, it is characterized in that: thorax is thorax (16) in the suction type burning in the described burning, thorax (16) comprises burning kitchen range assembly (21) in the suction type burning, between the burning kitchen range assembly (21) striker plate is installed, a side of described burning kitchen range assembly (21) is equipped with igniter; Described burning kitchen range assembly (21) and striker plate are installed on mechanism's backplate (19), and mechanism's backplate (19) is fixed on shell (3) inwall by fixed support; The below of described burning kitchen range assembly (21) is equipped with network chain collection apparatus for ash (4); Thorax (16) is communicated with smoke pipe (18), endothermic tube (15) and burning hopper (8) respectively in the suction type burning.
3. bio-fuel according to claim 2 burning chain type multipurpose furnace, it is characterized in that: described network chain collection apparatus for ash (4) comprises network chain (17,20), and the network chain motor (22) that is in transmission connection with network chain (17,20), network chain motor (22) is installed in the shell (3) by motor cabinet (24).
4. bio-fuel according to claim 3 burning chain type multipurpose furnace, it is characterized in that: the bottom of described burning hopper (8) is provided with helical feeding apparatus, and helical feeding apparatus comprises the material loading motor (13) that is installed in the shell (3) and the spiral feeding mechanism (14) that is in transmission connection with material loading motor (13).
5. bio-fuel according to claim 4 burning chain type multipurpose furnace is characterized in that: be provided with ash removing opening (6) on the described loam cake (2), and the smoke pipe ash removing opening (7) that matches with smoke pipe (18).
6. bio-fuel according to claim 5 burning chain type multipurpose furnace, it is characterized in that: be provided with air exhauster (10) in the described shell (3), an end of air exhauster (10) is communicated with the interior thorax (16) of suction type burning.
7. according to claim 3 or 4 described bio-fuels burning chain type multipurpose furnaces, it is characterized in that: described network chain motor (22) and material loading motor (13) are adjustable speed motor.
CN 201220338838 2012-07-12 2012-07-12 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace Expired - Fee Related CN202709435U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220338838 CN202709435U (en) 2012-07-12 2012-07-12 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220338838 CN202709435U (en) 2012-07-12 2012-07-12 Bio-fuel combustion chain type multi-purpose furnace

Publications (1)

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CN202709435U true CN202709435U (en) 2013-01-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN105371304A (en) * 2014-08-26 2016-03-02 李崇杰 Multipurpose biomass combustion furnace for steaming and heating

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103216856A (en) * 2013-04-23 2013-07-24 烟台市宜和环保设备有限公司 Automatic-feeding biomass combustion furnace
CN105371304A (en) * 2014-08-26 2016-03-02 李崇杰 Multipurpose biomass combustion furnace for steaming and heating
CN105371304B (en) * 2014-08-26 2018-07-17 李崇杰 A kind of boiling multi-purpose biomass combustion furnace

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130130

Termination date: 20150712

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model