CN201569142U - Biological counter heating gasification boiler - Google Patents

Biological counter heating gasification boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201569142U
CN201569142U CN2009201443374U CN200920144337U CN201569142U CN 201569142 U CN201569142 U CN 201569142U CN 2009201443374 U CN2009201443374 U CN 2009201443374U CN 200920144337 U CN200920144337 U CN 200920144337U CN 201569142 U CN201569142 U CN 201569142U
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China
Prior art keywords
counter
gasification
boiler
chamber
combustion chamber
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009201443374U
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Chinese (zh)
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许飞
殷超
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许飞
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Priority to CN2009201443374U priority Critical patent/CN201569142U/en
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Publication of CN201569142U publication Critical patent/CN201569142U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

Abstract

Disclosed is a biological counter heating gasification boiler, a boiler body is combined by a gasification furnace device on the lower portion and a counter heating burning device on the upper portion, the gasification furnace device is provided with a gasification chamber in the middle of the furnace body, the upper portion of a grid at the bottom of the gasification chamber is provided with a fuel ignition hole, a rotary wind distributing disc is arranged on the grid, the gasification chamber is directly connected with a cooking stove through an air outlet pipe, the wind distributing chamber is arranged on the periphery of the cooking stove, the wind distributing chamber and a wind inlet are both connected with the wind distributing pipe, the wind distributing pipe is communicated with the gasification chamber through the rotary wind distributing disc, the counter heating burning device is provided with a combustion chamber on the upper portion of the gasification chamber, the upper portion and the periphery of the combustion chamber are provided with water sleeves, the top portion of the furnace body is provided with a counter heating discharge flue, a heat guiding board is arranged between the combustion chamber and the counter heating discharge flue, the upper portion of the combustion chamber and the inside of the counter heating type discharge flue are provided with heating pipes which are communicated with the water sleeve. The boiler has simple structure, convenient use, high thermal efficiency, energy conservation and environment protection, is particularly suitable for restaurants, hotels and units, and achieves the functions of heating, bathing and the like.

Description

The anti-gasification boiler that burns of living beings
Technical field the utility model relates to a kind of boiler, is specifically related to the anti-gasification boiler that burns of a kind of living beings.
But the background technology gasification boiler can utilize pyrolysis such as the remaining stalk of agricultural production, straw, Chai He to be converted into combustible gas, because of having environmental protection and energy-conservation characteristics, has obtained using widely.Yet there is following shortcoming in gasification boiler in the market: 1. the pipeline that is provided with between vaporizer and kitchen range is many, the easy blocking pipe of the tar of in time not disposing.2. the washiness that produces in gasification makes the moisture of gasification boiler big, causes the user to misfire or circuit fire phenomenon occurs because of the fuel humidity.3. fuel can not full and uniformly burn, and local built on stilts, phenomenon that can not automatic blanking occurs, need manually disclose stove, and is time-consuming.4. the thermal efficiency is low, is difficult to satisfy user's needs, and especially restaurant, hotel and unit etc. are to heating, user's that the bathing demand is big needs.
The summary of the invention the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of can utilize biomass resources such as stalk, straw, Chai He better, energy-conserving and environment-protective, the anti-gasification boiler that burns of the living beings that the thermal efficiency is high, technical problems such as existing gasification boiler gas production is low, the thermal efficiency is low, tar is many, moisture is big to solve, easy cutoff.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme taked of the utility model is:
The anti-gasification boiler that burns of a kind of living beings, it comprises the loading hopper of boiler furnace and side thereof, described boiler furnace is the counter-burning type burner be combined into by the gasifying furnace device of bottom and top; Described gasifying furnace device is at the body of heater middle part vaporizer to be set, the bottom of vaporizer is provided with fire grate, the fuel ignition mouth is established in the fire grate top, the below is established and is contained grey chamber, rotating distributing wind disc and rocking handle are set on the fire grate, rotating distributing wind disc below is provided with the deashing pipe, vaporizer directly is connected with kitchen range by escape pipe, the kitchen range top is provided with the gas ignition mouth, distribution plenum is arranged on the periphery of kitchen range, the body of heater bottom is provided with the air inlet that is communicated with blower fan, and distribution plenum all is connected with aid distributing pipe with air inlet, and aid distributing pipe is communicated with vaporizer by connected rotating distributing wind disc; Described counter-burning type burner is provided with the combustion chamber above vaporizer, above the combustion chamber, reach periphery water jacket is set, the top, combustion chamber is provided with the more piece heating tube and is communicated with water jacket, the body of heater top is provided with the counter-burning type smokejack, be provided with heat-conducting plate between combustion chamber and the counter-burning type smokejack, be provided with the more piece heating tube in the counter-burning type smokejack and be communicated with water jacket, the water jacket top ends sets out the mouth of a river, water inlet is established in the bottom.
Described rotating distributing wind disc air outlet place connects the radian flabellum, and the top of radian flabellum is provided with top cover.
Escape pipe on the described kitchen range is provided with the escape pipe control valve that is used to regulate the firepower size.
Described water-jacket outer wall is provided with explosion proof door.
The anti-gasification boiler that burns of the above-mentioned living beings that the utility model provides, simple in structure, easy to use, because kitchen range direct and vaporizer connection by escape pipe, fire grate is provided with rotating distributing wind disc, make the full and uniform burning of fuel, the gasification efficiency height, tar and steam produce few; Owing to adopted the counter-burning type combustion technology, carry out second-time burning, make flue gas completing combustion, improve the thermal efficiency, economize on resources the protection environment.This boiler is specially adapted to restaurant, hotel and company and uses, and realizes functions such as heating, bathing
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is a front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is a vertical view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is a right view of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1-gas ignition mouth; The 2-water jacket; The 3-loading hopper; The 4-vaporizer; The 5-body of heater; 6-fuel ignition mouth; 7-deashing pipe; The 8-rocking handle; The 9-mouth of scratching in the ashes; The 10-base plate; 11-contains grey chamber; The 12-air inlet; The 13-fire grate; The 14-aid distributing pipe; The 15-oxygen supply valve; The rotating distributing wind disc of 16-; 17-distribution plenum control valve; 18-escape pipe control valve; The 19-distribution plenum; The 20-kitchen range; The 21-combustion chamber; The 22-heating tube; The 23-delivery port; 24-counter-burning type smokejack; The 25-heat-conducting plate; The 26-water inlet; The 27-explosion proof door; The 28-escape pipe.
The specific embodiment as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, be the anti-embodiment that burn gasification boiler of the utility model living beings, it comprises the loading hopper of gasification boiler body of heater 5 and side thereof, the bottom of body of heater 5 is a cast iron base plate 10, be exotic material, with common firewood, after being compressed into particle, all combustibles such as straw, stalk, cavings, sawdust, wood shavings put in the vaporizer 4 by loading hopper 3, and boiler furnace is by the gasifying furnace device of bottom and the counter-burning type burner be combined on top.Wherein:
Described gasifying furnace device, be vaporizer 4 to be set at the body of heater middle part, the bottom of vaporizer 4 is provided with swaying type fire grate 13, which is provided with rocking handle 8 chord distributing wind discs 16, rotating distributing wind disc 16 belows are provided with deashing pipe 7, fire grate 13 tops are provided with fuel ignition mouth 6, and the below is established and contained grey chamber 11, contain grey chamber 11 and are provided with the mouth 9 of scratching in the ashes.The utility model does not need to disclose boiler and removes lime-ash, only shake fire grate 13 by rocking handle 8, drive rotating distributing wind disc 16 simultaneously, lime-ash on the fire grate 13 is in time fallen in the grey chamber 11 of Sheng, and the dust on the rotating distributing wind disc 16 falls in the deashing pipe 7, makes top fuel fall the bottom of vaporizer 4, there is not the anoxic dead angle in fuel, can access full and uniform burning, increase burning time, improve gasification efficiency.Rotating distributing wind disc 16 belows are provided with deashing pipe 7, can in time clear up the dust in the rotating distributing wind disc 16, prevent that the aid distributing pipe that is communicated with rotating distributing wind disc 16 14 from being stopped up by dust, influences the air feed effect.Rotating distributing wind disc 16 air outlet places connect the radian flabellum, and the top of radian flabellum is provided with top cover.Rotating distributing wind disc 16 adopts rotating air supply mode, and air feed is even, sufficient, makes fuel not have the anoxic dead angle, can access full and uniformly and burn, and the gasification efficiency height has solved existing gasification boiler in use not blanking, problem such as make somebody a mere figurehead, die.When igniting, open blower fan, by the rotating air feed of rotating distributing wind disc 16, make fire be easy to light, solved the not ignitable problem of existing gasification boiler.Vaporizer 4 directly is connected with kitchen range 20 by escape pipe 28, and kitchen range 20 tops are provided with gas ignition mouth 1, and the escape pipe 28 on the kitchen range 20 is provided with the escape pipe control valve 18 that is used to regulate the firepower size.The tar problem that produces in the gasification furnace combustion process is puzzlement people's a subject matter always, existing gasification furnace is provided with filtration, purifier between vaporizer and kitchen range, pipeline is many, in the process of filtering, purifying, does not have the easy blocking pipe of in time handling of tar.In the utility model, kitchen range 20 is by escape pipe 28 direct and vaporizer 4 connections, pipeline is few, swaying type fire grate 13 chord distributing wind discs 16 are set in vaporizer 4 bottoms simultaneously, make fuel combustion abundant, the tar that produces is fewer, the tar that produces mainly accumulates in kitchen range and gasification is indoor, tar on the kitchen range is fallen by high-temp combustion easily, can in time fall into behind the tar caking in the vaporizer and contain in the grey chamber 11, solve because of problems such as tar causes too much that line clogging, firepower are little, cutoff and contaminated environment.In addition, the used fuel of the utility model guarantees the aridity of fuel through processing, and the cigarette water of generation is few, also can have been solved the big problem of moisture by high-temperature process even if produce cigarette water.Distribution plenum 19 is arranged on the periphery of kitchen range 20, and body of heater 5 bottoms are provided with the air inlet 12 that is communicated with blower fan, and distribution plenum 19 all is connected with aid distributing pipe 14 with air inlet 12, and aid distributing pipe 14 is by connected rotating distributing wind disc 16, to vaporizer 4 air feeds.Distribution plenum control valve 17 is set on aid distributing pipe 14, and control aid distributing pipe 14 is provided with the wind supply quantity of oxygen supply valve 15 control blower fans to vaporizer 4 to the wind supply quantity of distribution plenum 19.
Described counter-burning type burner is provided with combustion chamber 21 above vaporizer 4, reach periphery above combustion chamber 21 water jacket 2 is set, and 21 tops, combustion chamber are provided with more piece heating tube 22 and are communicated with water jacket 2; Body of heater 5 tops are provided with counter-burning type smokejack 24, are provided with heat-conducting plate 25 between combustion chamber 21 and the counter-burning type smokejack 24, also are provided with heating tube 22 in the counter-burning type smokejack 24 and are communicated with water jacket 2.The heating tube 22 that is communicated with water jacket 2 can make the water heating fully in the short period of time in the water jacket 2, has improved the thermal efficiency effectively.Water jacket 2 top ends set out the mouth of a river 13, water inlet 26 is established in the bottom, and water jacket wall is provided with explosion proof door 27, explosion proof door 27 usefulness rubber stoppers sealings, and during hypertonia in the gasification boiler, explosion proof door 27 can be opened automatically, has eliminated the danger that sets off an explosion because of hypertonia.After flame burns the heating tube 22 and water jacket 2 on 21 tops, combustion chamber, because the top of body of heater 5 is sealed, so flue gas travels back across the bottom of counter-burning type smokejack 24 under the effect of heat-conducting plate 25, in counter-burning type smokejack 24, carry out second-time burning, realized the utilization fully of combustion gas, improved the thermal efficiency of boiler, make flue gas outdoor through being discharged to after fully burning to greatest extent, health safe in utilization, both solve occur in the use pungent and waited gas with foreign flavor and unhealthful problem, simultaneously also further utilize the heat in the flue gas, improved the thermal efficiency of boiler.
The anti-gasification boiler that burns of the above-mentioned living beings that the utility model provides is specially adapted to restaurant, hotel and company and uses, and realizes functions such as heating, bathing, economizes on resources, and is easy to use.
Above-described only is the utility model example.Should be understood that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, under technology enlightenment provided by the utility model, can also make other equivalent modifications and improvement, all can realize the purpose of this utility model, all should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. anti-gasification boiler that burns of living beings, it comprises the loading hopper of boiler furnace and side thereof, it is characterized in that: described boiler furnace is the counter-burning type burner be combined into by the gasifying furnace device of bottom and top; Described gasifying furnace device is at the body of heater middle part vaporizer to be set, the bottom of vaporizer is provided with fire grate, the fuel ignition mouth is established in the fire grate top, the below is established and is contained grey chamber, rotating distributing wind disc and rocking handle are set on the fire grate, rotating distributing wind disc below is provided with the deashing pipe, vaporizer directly is connected with kitchen range by escape pipe, the kitchen range top is provided with the gas ignition mouth, distribution plenum is arranged on the periphery of kitchen range, the body of heater bottom is provided with the air inlet that is communicated with blower fan, and distribution plenum all is connected with aid distributing pipe with air inlet, and aid distributing pipe is communicated with vaporizer by connected rotating distributing wind disc; Described counter-burning type burner is provided with the combustion chamber above vaporizer, above the combustion chamber, reach periphery water jacket is set, the top, combustion chamber is provided with the more piece heating tube and is communicated with water jacket, the body of heater top is provided with the counter-burning type smokejack, be provided with heat-conducting plate between combustion chamber and the counter-burning type smokejack, be provided with the more piece heating tube in the counter-burning type smokejack and be communicated with water jacket, the water jacket top ends sets out the mouth of a river, water inlet is established in the bottom.
2. the anti-gasification boiler that burns of living beings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described rotating distributing wind disc air outlet place connects the radian flabellum, and the top of radian flabellum is provided with top cover.
3. the anti-gasification boiler that burns of living beings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the escape pipe on the described kitchen range is provided with the escape pipe control valve that is used to regulate the firepower size.
4. the anti-gasification boiler that burns of living beings according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described water-jacket outer wall is provided with explosion proof door.
CN2009201443374U 2009-11-26 2009-11-26 Biological counter heating gasification boiler Expired - Fee Related CN201569142U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201443374U CN201569142U (en) 2009-11-26 2009-11-26 Biological counter heating gasification boiler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201443374U CN201569142U (en) 2009-11-26 2009-11-26 Biological counter heating gasification boiler

Publications (1)

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CN201569142U true CN201569142U (en) 2010-09-01

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CN2009201443374U Expired - Fee Related CN201569142U (en) 2009-11-26 2009-11-26 Biological counter heating gasification boiler

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102417837A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-04-18 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Reverse combustion biomass waste resource pyrolysis gasification heating equipment
CN102418995A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-04-18 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass reverse burning-type hot water boiler
CN102434895A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-05-02 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass transformation reversal combustion heating system
CN103032957A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Biomass gasification hot air furnace
CN106016346A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-10-12 许昌东方热力有限公司 High-efficiency automatic boiler air volume adjusting device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103032957A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Biomass gasification hot air furnace
CN102417837A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-04-18 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Reverse combustion biomass waste resource pyrolysis gasification heating equipment
CN102418995A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-04-18 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass reverse burning-type hot water boiler
CN102434895A (en) * 2011-12-15 2012-05-02 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass transformation reversal combustion heating system
CN102417837B (en) * 2011-12-15 2014-09-24 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Reverse combustion biomass waste resource pyrolysis gasification heating equipment
CN102418995B (en) * 2011-12-15 2016-02-17 洛阳骏腾能源科技有限公司 Multifunctional biomass reverse burning-type hot water boiler
CN106016346A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-10-12 许昌东方热力有限公司 High-efficiency automatic boiler air volume adjusting device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100901

Termination date: 20111126