CN201281371Y - Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace - Google Patents

Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201281371Y
CN201281371Y CNU2008201056428U CN200820105642U CN201281371Y CN 201281371 Y CN201281371 Y CN 201281371Y CN U2008201056428 U CNU2008201056428 U CN U2008201056428U CN 200820105642 U CN200820105642 U CN 200820105642U CN 201281371 Y CN201281371 Y CN 201281371Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stove
fire
mouth ring
double
converter mouth
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Application number
CNU2008201056428U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗建凯
唐立好
王福来
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罗建凯
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Priority to CNU2008201056428U priority Critical patent/CN201281371Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201281371Y publication Critical patent/CN201281371Y/en

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    • Y02B40/163

Abstract

Disclosed is a double suction biomass heating cooking stove, comprising a stove body, a hearth, a grate, an ash storage chamber and a flue; the hearth is arranged in the central part of the stove body which adopts an interlayer structure; an insulation layer is formed by the interlayer of the stove body; the lower part of the insulation layer is the grate and the lower part of the grate is the ash storage chamber; a combustion chamber is arranged between the grate and the insulation layer; one side of the stove body in the upper part of the combustion chamber is provide with a feeding inlet, and an auxiliary material silo is arranged between the feeding inlet and the combustion chamber; a first stove mouth ring and a second stove mouth ring are arranged above the stove mouth, and the first stove mouth ring and the second stove mouth ring are arranged by an interval, the cavity formed thereby is communicated with the chimney; a double layer structure is arranged between the first stove mouth ring and the peripheral stove surface to form a stove surface water jacket; a waste heat water tank is arranged at the outer side of the flue of the stove body; the stove surface water jacket, the waste heat water tank and a heating pipe are communicated to form a water heating jacket; a secondary blasting device is added between the stove mouth and the second stove mouth ring. The utility model has the characteristics of fast heating, strong fire power, complete combustion, convenient ash removal and high thermal efficiency.

Description

Double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of improved living beings heating cooking furnace, belongs to the domestic stove technical field.

Background technology

Biomass fuel is a kind of New-type fuel that rises in recent years.Biomass fuel is to be the energy of carrier with living beings, mainly refers to fuel wood, farm-forestry crop stalk, crop residues, animal wastes and house refuse etc.Along with reaching its maturity of biomass block technology, biomass fuel is subjected to increasing attention with low, pollution-free, the reproducible characteristic of its cost.The volatile ingredient content of biomass fuel than higher, density is lower, traditional coal stove should not directly be used for firing biomass fuel, otherwise can produce the incomplete combustion phenomenon.There is the disadvantage that complex structure, cigarette ash discharge capacity are big, waste heat can not make full use of, efficiency of utilization is on the low side mostly in present existing biomass fuel combustion equipment.Therefore, from environmental protection and economic benefit position, need badly to the living beings fuel design and develop a kind of better combustion stove.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model be overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of sufficient combustion be provided, double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace that the heat energy utilization rate is high.

The purpose of this utility model realizes with following technical proposals:

A kind of double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, comprise body of heater, burner hearth, fire grate, Dust Storage Room and flue in the formation, described burner hearth is positioned at the body of heater centre, described body of heater is a sandwich, furnace sandwich constitutes heat-insulation layer, the heat-insulation layer bottom is a fire grate, the fire grate bottom is a Dust Storage Room, it between fire grate and the heat-insulation layer combustion chamber, body of heater one side on top, combustion chamber is provided with charge door, after the improvement, the auxiliary material storehouse is set between charge door and combustion chamber, described auxiliary material storehouse is from the downward straight through combustion chamber of charge door bottom, and charge door is provided with able to turn on or off feed bin door; First converter mouth ring and second converter mouth ring are set above the fire door of top of combustion chamber, be provided with at interval between two converter mouth rings, chamber of Gou Chenging and chimney communicate thus, first converter mouth ring is arranged to double-decker with boiler face on every side, constitute the boiler face water jacket, body of heater flue arranged outside waste-heated water-tank, be communicated with the heating water jacket who forms body of heater between the evenly distributed endothermic tube in the described waste-heated water-tank, boiler face water jacket and waste-heated water-tank and heating tube; Be provided with self-contained water tank around the described chimney, self-contained water tank is provided with water inlet and delivery port; Set up the secondary air device at the fire door above the combustion chamber between second converter mouth ring.

Above-mentioned double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, the described first converter mouth ring place is provided with poly-fire pot, and described poly-fire pot basin body outer rim is placed on first converter mouth ring, hollow at the bottom of its basin, the basin side circumferentially is provided with a plurality of conduction holes.

Above-mentioned double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace is placed fire-leading cylinder on described second converter mouth ring, and described fire-leading cylinder is the inverted cone tube shape, and two taper seats are identical with first converter mouth ring and second converter mouth ring respectively up and down for it.

Above-mentioned double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, described secondary air device is made up of secondary wind inleting tube, secondary air chamber; Described secondary wind inleting tube is provided with along the body of heater both sides, and its upper end air outlet and secondary air chamber are connected, and the bottom air inlet mouth communicates with the gentle breeze machine; Described secondary air chamber is a cylinder shape, and the ring tube seals up and down, and communicates with secondary wind inleting tube, uniform secondary intake opening on the endocyclic tube hole wall, and secondary intake opening tilts to fire door.

Above-mentioned double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, described Dust Storage Room are provided with drawing and pulling type storage ash bucket, and described storage ash bucket is provided with handle.

Above-mentioned double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, described fire grate is a moving grate, is provided with flexible handle in the bottom of furnace body side.

Above-mentioned flue is recessed formula passage, and interlayer is set around the described recessed formula passage, and described interlayer constitutes the waste-heated water-tank, in described recessed formula flue bottom sealable flue shoot door is set.

Main feature of the present utility model is as follows:

1. the utility model has been set up the secondary air system on the basis of an air intake, and secondary wind is ejected in the combustion-supporting chamber after the preheating of downdraft induced duct, and the high-temperature flue gas that has fuel gas that is come out in the combustion chamber fully burns.

2. adopt the design of tilting auxiliary material storehouse, in use, can avoid frequent filler, can make fuel in the auxiliary material storehouse, obtain abundant preheating and drying again, improve half gasification, and combustion effect, reduce oke exhaust blackness, bottom, auxiliary material storehouse can be participated in burning directly, form anti-the burning under the draft effect of chimney, combustible gas process high temperature carbon-coating quilt is catalytic pyrolysis further, and it is more fully pure to burn.

3. set up poly-fire pot and fire-leading cylinder on the fire door, flame is guided to the bottom of a pan by fire-leading cylinder, and heat is more concentrated; The conduction hole of waste heat around poly-fire pot evenly sheds, and the heat stabilized uniform is absorbed by water jacket.

4. the design of water-jacket typ boiler face, heat absorption efficiency increases greatly, in the chimney periphery circular self-contained water tank is set in addition, fully absorbs waste heat; After the self-contained water tank heating can for wash one's hands, bathing, cooking water, convenient and practical.

5. adopt multistage endothermic systems such as good body of heater of insulation and body of heater heating water jacket, self-contained water tank, endothermic tube that waste heat is fully absorbed, overall thermal efficient obviously improves; Recessed formula flue makes stove fire form winding at flue, has not only increased heating surface area but also eliminated soot emissions, really accomplishes smokeless combustion.

In a word, the utlity model has the characteristics that programming rate is fast, intensity of fire big, burning is complete, ash disposal is convenient, the thermal efficiency is high.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.

Mark is as follows among the figure: 1. body of heater; 2. heat-insulation layer; 3. first converter mouth ring; 4. second converter mouth ring; 5. fire grate; 6. charge door; 7. stove fire covers; 8. flue; 9. storage ash bucket; 10. fire-leading cylinder; 11. poly-fire pot; 12. secondary wind inleting tube, secondary air chambers 13., 14. secondary intake openings; 15. endothermic tube; 16. secondary air mouth; 17. body of heater water return outlet; 18. body of heater delivery port; 19. water return outlet; 20. delivery port; 21. self-contained water tank; 22. conduction hole; 23. auxiliary material storehouse; 24. feed bin door; 25. waste-heated water-tank; 26. shoot door; 27. bottom shoot door.

The specific embodiment

Referring to accompanying drawing 1, the utility model is the improvement on ordinary student material Heating stove basis, comprise body of heater 1, burner hearth, fire grate 5, Dust Storage Room and flue 8, described burner hearth is positioned at the body of heater centre, described body of heater is a sandwich, furnace sandwich constitutes heat-insulation layer 2, the heat-insulation layer bottom is a fire grate, the fire grate bottom is a Dust Storage Room, inlet air plenum of Dust Storage Room double as, Dust Storage Room top is provided with shoot door 26 to be opened/closed, and the Dust Storage Room bottom is storage ash bucket 9, it between described fire grate and the heat-insulation layer combustion chamber, body of heater one side on top, combustion chamber is provided with charge door 6, after the improvement, establishes an auxiliary material storehouse 23 at the charge door place, described auxiliary material storehouse is from charge door straight through combustion chamber bottom, and charge door is provided with able to turn on or off feed bin door 24; Fire door place above the combustion chamber sets up the secondary air device, and described secondary air device is made up of secondary wind inleting tube 12, secondary air chamber 13; Described secondary wind inleting tube is provided with along the body of heater both sides, and its upper end air outlet and secondary air chamber are connected, and the bottom air inlet mouth communicates with the gentle breeze machine.Described secondary air chamber is a cylinder shape, and the ring tube seals up and down, and communicates with secondary wind inleting tube; Uniform secondary intake opening 14 on interior annular distance wall, secondary intake opening tilts to fire door, so that form poly-fiery effect.First converter mouth ring 3 and second converter mouth ring 4 are set above the fire door of top of combustion chamber, be provided with at interval between two converter mouth rings, chamber of Gou Chenging and chimney communicate thus, first converter mouth ring is arranged to double-decker with boiler face on every side, constitute the boiler face water jacket, at the first converter mouth ring place multistage stove fire lid 7 is set, both can be used for banking up a fire, can adapt to the pan of different-diameter again; First converter mouth ring be arranged to the water jacket shape, and and furnace water jacket communicate, be provided with at interval between two fire doors, chamber of Gou Chenging and chimney communicate thus, multistage stove fire is set at the first converter mouth ring place covers, and both can be used for banking up a fire, and can adapt to the pan of different-diameter again.The described first converter mouth ring place is provided with poly-fire pot 11, and poly-fire pot basin body outer rim is placed on first converter mouth ring, hollow at the bottom of its basin, and the basin side circumferentially is provided with a plurality of conduction holes.Conduction hole 22 can be with the stove fire uniformly dispersing below the boiler face water jacket, and heat is evenly absorbed.Fire-leading cylinder 10 is placed at the described second converter mouth ring place, and fire-leading cylinder is a handstand conical tube shape, and fire-leading cylinder is placed on the second converter mouth ring fire door outer rim, and is positioned at the body of heater center; In the cooking process, fire-leading cylinder can cause the bottom of a pan with flame, and heat is more concentrated, and speed of ignition is fast.Described flue is recessed formula passage, and interlayer is set around the recessed formula passage, and described interlayer constitutes waste-heated water-tank 25, in described recessed formula flue bottom sealable flue shoot door 27 is set, and is convenient to the flue deashing; The chimney periphery of flue top is provided with self-contained water tank 21, evenly distributed endothermic tube in described waste-heated water-tank and the self-contained water tank, and described self-contained water tank is provided with independent water return outlet 19 and delivery port 20.

When this stove uses, with the indoor fuel such as stalk forming piece of loose stalk ignition combustion, after treating that stove is on fire, add virgin material, Deng fuel burn prosperous after, close grey chamber air inlet, make biomass massive fuel anoxycausis in burner hearth, the high-temperature flue gas that contains fuel gas that forms rises to secondary combustion chamber, be fully burned through the secondary air device on top is auxiliary, overcome in the past owing to center flue gas fast rise and can not combine the phenomenons that exceed standard such as smoke evacuation that burning causes, carbon monoxide with secondary wind.When the fuel shortage in the burner hearth, can in the use, biomass massive fuel will be filled up in the auxiliary material storehouse from charge door postcombustion to the combustion chamber, close gallery ports, because fuel obtains preheating and drying in the auxiliary material storehouse, improved half gasification result, has reduced oke exhaust blackness, bottom, auxiliary material storehouse can be participated in burning directly, form anti-the burning under the draft effect of chimney, combustible gas process high temperature carbon-coating quilt is catalytic pyrolysis further, and it is more fully pure to burn.The design of waste-heated water-tank around recessed formula flue and the flue and self-contained water tank, endothermic tube, multistage heat absorption is fully absorbed waste heat; And eliminated cigarette ash, really accomplish smokeless combustion.When banking up a fire, the fuel after the preheating in the auxiliary material storehouse is added in the burner hearth, close grey chamber air inlet; When on fire, only need ignite with naked light gets final product.

The utility model is simple in structure, easy to operate, can realize the efficient and clean burning of biomass fuel, is specially adapted to town-dweller-rural-family and other cooking on a small scale, heating demand.Combustion space, grate area and profile can be designed to different specifications and models according to the heating area thermic load.

Claims (7)

1. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace, comprise body of heater (1) in the formation, burner hearth, fire grate (5), Dust Storage Room and flue (8), described burner hearth is positioned at the body of heater centre, described body of heater is a sandwich, furnace sandwich constitutes heat-insulation layer (2), the heat-insulation layer bottom is a fire grate, the fire grate bottom is a Dust Storage Room, it between fire grate and the heat-insulation layer combustion chamber, body of heater one side on top, combustion chamber is provided with charge door (6), it is characterized in that, auxiliary material storehouse (23) is set between charge door and combustion chamber, described auxiliary material storehouse is from the downward straight through combustion chamber of charge door bottom, and charge door is provided with able to turn on or off feed bin door (24); First converter mouth ring (3) and second converter mouth ring (4) are set above the fire door of top of combustion chamber, be provided with at interval between two converter mouth rings, chamber of Gou Chenging and chimney communicate thus, first converter mouth ring is arranged to double-decker with boiler face on every side, constitute the boiler face water jacket, body of heater flue arranged outside waste-heated water-tank (25), be communicated with the heating water jacket who forms body of heater between the evenly distributed endothermic tube (15) in the described waste-heated water-tank, boiler face water jacket and waste-heated water-tank and heating tube; Be provided with self-contained water tank (21) around the described chimney, self-contained water tank is provided with water return outlet (19) and delivery port (20); Set up the secondary air device at the fire door above the combustion chamber between second converter mouth ring.
2. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the described first converter mouth ring place is provided with poly-fire pot (11), described poly-fire pot basin body outer rim is placed on first converter mouth ring, hollow at the bottom of its basin, basin side circumferentially are provided with a plurality of conduction holes (22).
3. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, place fire-leading cylinder (10) on described second converter mouth ring, described fire-leading cylinder is the inverted cone tube shape, and two taper seats are identical with first converter mouth ring and second converter mouth ring respectively up and down for it.
4. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described secondary air device is made up of secondary wind inleting tube (12), secondary air chamber (13); Described secondary wind inleting tube is provided with along the body of heater both sides, and its upper end air outlet and secondary air chamber are connected, and the bottom air inlet mouth can also can communicate with the gentle breeze machine by natural air inducing; Described secondary air chamber is a cylinder shape, and the ring tube seals up and down, and communicates with secondary wind inleting tube; Uniform secondary intake opening (14) on the endocyclic tube hole wall, secondary intake opening tilts to fire door.
5. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described Dust Storage Room is provided with drawing and pulling type storage ash bucket (9), and the storage ash bucket is provided with handle.
6. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 5 is characterized in that described fire grate is a moving grate, is provided with flexible handle in the bottom of furnace body side.
7. double-suction type living beings heating cooking furnace according to claim 6 is characterized in that, described flue is recessed formula passage, and interlayer is set around the described recessed formula passage, and described interlayer constitutes the waste-heated water-tank; In described recessed formula flue bottom sealable flue shoot door (27) is set.
CNU2008201056428U 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace CN201281371Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201056428U CN201281371Y (en) 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201056428U CN201281371Y (en) 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace

Publications (1)

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CN201281371Y true CN201281371Y (en) 2009-07-29

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CNU2008201056428U CN201281371Y (en) 2008-08-28 2008-08-28 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922736A (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-12-22 高海华 Biomass cooking and heating furnace for winter and summer
CN102840602A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-26 李晓岗 Multipurpose boiler
CN103090419A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-08 山西省农业科学院棉花研究所 Dual-purpose family-type boiler taking agricultural waste straws as energy
CN105333416A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Coke particle clean combustion stove
CN105864827A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Self-flowing environment-friendly granular fuel furnace
CN106610032A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-03 天津市亚控自动化仪表安装工程有限公司 A multifunctional small boiler
CN109140518A (en) * 2018-06-20 2019-01-04 无锡晶瑜智能机械有限公司 A kind of macro-organism matter cooking stove

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922736A (en) * 2010-03-15 2010-12-22 高海华 Biomass cooking and heating furnace for winter and summer
CN101922736B (en) * 2010-03-15 2012-04-18 高海华 Biomass cooking and heating furnace for winter and summer
CN102840602A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-26 李晓岗 Multipurpose boiler
CN103090419A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-08 山西省农业科学院棉花研究所 Dual-purpose family-type boiler taking agricultural waste straws as energy
CN105333416A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Coke particle clean combustion stove
CN105333416B (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-05-10 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Coke particle clean combustion stove
CN105864827A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-08-17 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Self-flowing environment-friendly granular fuel furnace
CN105864827B (en) * 2016-04-22 2017-10-13 石家庄市春燕采暖设备有限公司 Gravity flow granular fuel Pollutioless stove and range
CN106610032A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-03 天津市亚控自动化仪表安装工程有限公司 A multifunctional small boiler
CN109140518A (en) * 2018-06-20 2019-01-04 无锡晶瑜智能机械有限公司 A kind of macro-organism matter cooking stove

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090729

Termination date: 20120828

C17 Cessation of patent right