CN201262412Y - Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler - Google Patents

Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201262412Y
CN201262412Y CNU2008201485599U CN200820148559U CN201262412Y CN 201262412 Y CN201262412 Y CN 201262412Y CN U2008201485599 U CNU2008201485599 U CN U2008201485599U CN 200820148559 U CN200820148559 U CN 200820148559U CN 201262412 Y CN201262412 Y CN 201262412Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
gasification
flue
heater
secondary air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201485599U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
荆海洲
尚东芝
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CNU2008201485599U priority Critical patent/CN201262412Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201262412Y publication Critical patent/CN201262412Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Solid-Fuel Combustion (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler. A furnace body is internally provided with a combustion chamber, the side of the combustion chamber is provided with a gasification chamber, water jackets with hollow interlayer structure are arranged surrounding the combustion chamber and the gasification chamber in the furnace body, and the gasification chamber is communicated with the bottom of the combustion chamber; the furnace body of the domestic boiler is internally provided with the gasification chamber, the bottom of which is communicated with the combustion chamber, materials such as biological materials, waste plastics, waste rubber and the like available for pyrolysis at high temperature into flammable gas can be put in the gasification, the gasification chamber is arranged close to the combustion chamber, the materials in the gasification chamber can be subjected to pyrolysis into the flammable gas under the action of high temperature and then enter the combustion chamber from the bottom for participating in combustion.

Description

The biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to heating plant, especially a kind of biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler.
Background technology
More existing stove outer coverings have the domestic briquet stove of intercalated water sleeve, hot water in coal burning naked light heat and the intercalated water sleeve can be provided simultaneously, for improving the thermal efficiency, some coal stove also has the sintering of returning structure, chimney promptly is set on body of heater, the chimney periphery is provided with the chimney water sleeve that is communicated with burner hearth water jacket on every side chimney is encased, the bottom of chimney and the open top of burner hearth are by returning the burning channel connection, unburnt combustible gas that produces in burner hearth like this and combustible can return burning from top to down, with the heating surface area that improves water jacket and improve the thermal efficiency, in addition, existing domestic boiler generally acts as a fuel with the wherein a kind of of coal or biomass fuel, and can not use this two kinds of fuel simultaneously.More than these boilers or coal stove or biomass gasifying furnace can only be in position burning near burner hearth bottom, and its burner hearth structural limitations of originally experiencing, the roof of the furnace oxygen delivery capacity is relatively poor, cause the thermal efficiency lower, even still have a large amount of uncombusted materials after the burning and can discharge from chimney with flue gas through returning, so not only cause energy waste, and have a large amount of objectionable impurities and discharge and contaminated environment from chimney.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of thermal efficiency height, but flue gas second-time burning and make the little biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler of smoke pollution.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler, be provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, side, described combustion chamber is provided with vaporizer, in the body of heater in the combustion chamber, vaporizer around be arranged with the water jacket of hollow sandwich structure, vaporizer communicates with the bottom of combustion chamber.
Around being distributed with the secondary air through hole, between the combustion chamber locular wall at secondary air through hole place and body of heater, leave the secondary air gap of annular on the locular wall of described top of combustion chamber, offer the secondary air distribution outlet that communicates with the secondary air gap at the body of heater middle part.
The combustion chamber locular wall at the secondary air through hole place of described top of combustion chamber is up-small and down-big cone-shaped hood.
Be provided with by-pass flue in the described body of heater, be arranged with water jacket around the by-pass flue, also be provided with in the body of heater and return the burning air flue, return the upper end of burning air flue and communicate, return burning air flue lower end and communicate with the bottom of by-pass flue with the fire door of top of combustion chamber opening part.
Described by-pass flue top is provided with the injection pipeline that an end communicates with by-pass flue inside, and the other end of injection pipeline communicates with the top open part of combustion chamber.
Described returning burnt between the water jacket that air flue is arranged at combustion chamber and by-pass flue opposite side on every side.
Be provided with the vaporizer that the bottom communicates with the combustion chamber in the body of heater of the present utility model, can put into the material that biological material, waste plastics, scrap rubber etc. at high temperature are cracked into fuel gas in the vaporizer, vaporizer is provided with near the combustion chamber, material cleavable under the high temperature action of combustion chamber in the vaporizer is that fuel gas enters combustion chamber participation burning again from the bottom, make fuel abundance in the combustion chamber, heat is higher, and produced simultaneously high heat is more conducive to the cracking of material in the combustion chamber.
In addition, the utility model is provided with secondary air distribution structure at top of combustion chamber, the secondary air distribution outlet can be regulated intake as required, to improve the oxygen-supplying amount in top of combustion chamber zone, the fuel gas that makes the generation of a large amount of bottoms is at the top of combustion chamber sufficient combustion, thereby raising efficiency of combustion, reduce tail gas pollution, the secondary air gap of annular and match around being distributed with the secondary air through hole, the oxygen that makes the secondary air distribution from around enter in the burning, make the secondary air distribution can cover the whole zone of top of combustion chamber, make oxygen supply abundant, exhaust combustion is more complete.
In addition, the combustion chamber locular wall of stating the secondary air through hole place of top of combustion chamber of the present utility model is up-small and down-big cone-shaped hood, this cone-shaped hood can be assembled the flue gas that the combustion chamber produced to the higher center of heat, and the flow velocity of reducing smoke is to prolong burning time, thereby make the second-time burning of flue gas more abundant, tail gas pollution is littler.
In addition, lead in the by-pass flue of the present utility model and between the top of combustion chamber opening and be provided with the injection pipeline, this injection pipeline is communicated with by-pass flue with the combustion chamber, the by-pass flue top is had and the similar high temperature of top of combustion chamber, when the combustable gas concentration in the by-pass flue is big, the gas that can be ignited in the by-pass flue by induction tunnel burns away, thereby makes burning more abundant, and tail gas impurity still less; When the fire door of combustion chamber is closed and when banking up a fire, it is outdoor that the tail gas of combustion chamber is discharged through chimney by by-pass flue under the swabbing action of induction tunnel, and can not leak into indoor polluting or gas poisoning, is more suitable for family and uses.
Because combustion chamber heat efficient height of the present utility model, and have to return and burn air flue, by-pass flue, injection pipeline etc. and return sintering structure and secondary air distribution structure, the fuel gas that gasification furnace produced fully can be burnt, and can not produce a large amount of smoke pollution environments, vaporizer can be the high combustion chamber of the thermal efficiency sufficient fuel gas is provided simultaneously, the combustion chamber can not extinguished because of lack of fuel, and both complement each other.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, be provided with combustion chamber 1 in the body of heater of the present utility model, 1 both sides are respectively equipped with vaporizer 7 and by-pass flue 3 in the combustion chamber in the body of heater, on the outer wall of combustion chamber 1, has heat-insulation layer 8, in the body of heater in the combustion chamber 1, be arranged with the water jacket 6 of hollow sandwich structure around vaporizer 7 and the by-pass flue 3, the bottom of vaporizer 7 is communicated with the bottom of combustion chamber 1, be provided with between the water jacket 6 of the opposite side around combustion chamber 1 and the by-pass flue 3 to return and burn air flue 5, return the upper end of burning air flue 5 and communicate, return the lower end of burning air flue 5 and communicate with the bottom of by-pass flue 3 with the fire door of the top open part of combustion chamber 1.The top of combustion chamber 1 is provided with up-small and down-big cone-shaped hood 9, form annular gap 11 between this cone-shaped hood 9 and the body of heater, on cone-shaped hood 9, be provided with around the secondary air through hole 10 that distributes, offer the secondary air distribution outlet 12 that communicates with annular gap 11 at the body of heater middle part, secondary air distribution outlet 12 is covered with the amplitude of opening that blast cap can be regulated the air port, realizes that the secondary air distribution is adjustable.Be provided with injection pipeline 13 between the open top of combustion chamber 1 and by-pass flue 3 tops.2 is main ash discharging hole among the figure, and 4 is the flue ash discharging hole.

Claims (7)

1, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler is provided with the combustion chamber in the body of heater, it is characterized in that: side, described combustion chamber is provided with vaporizer, in the body of heater in the combustion chamber, vaporizer around be arranged with the water jacket of hollow sandwich structure, vaporizer communicates with the bottom of combustion chamber.
2, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: on the locular wall of described top of combustion chamber around being distributed with the secondary air through hole, between the combustion chamber locular wall at secondary air through hole place and body of heater, leave the secondary air gap of annular, offer the secondary air distribution outlet that communicates with the secondary air gap at the body of heater middle part.
3, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the combustion chamber locular wall at the secondary air through hole place of described top of combustion chamber is up-small and down-big cone-shaped hood.
4, according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described biomass semi-gasification domestic boilers, it is characterized in that: be provided with by-pass flue in the described body of heater, be arranged with water jacket around the by-pass flue, also be provided with in the body of heater and return the burning air flue, return the upper end of burning air flue and communicate, return burning air flue lower end and communicate with the bottom of by-pass flue with the fire door of top of combustion chamber opening part.
5, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described by-pass flue top is provided with the injection pipeline that an end communicates with by-pass flue inside, and the other end of injection pipeline communicates with the top open part of combustion chamber.
6, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described returning burnt between the water jacket that air flue is arranged at combustion chamber and by-pass flue opposite side on every side.
7, biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler according to claim 5 is characterized in that: described returning burnt between the water jacket that air flue is arranged at combustion chamber and by-pass flue opposite side on every side.
CNU2008201485599U 2008-08-15 2008-08-15 Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler Expired - Fee Related CN201262412Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201485599U CN201262412Y (en) 2008-08-15 2008-08-15 Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201485599U CN201262412Y (en) 2008-08-15 2008-08-15 Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201262412Y true CN201262412Y (en) 2009-06-24

Family

ID=40808887

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008201485599U Expired - Fee Related CN201262412Y (en) 2008-08-15 2008-08-15 Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201262412Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893233A (en) * 2010-06-27 2010-11-24 朱春华 Biomass semi-gasification automatic control combustion engine
RU2621418C2 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-06-06 Благодаров Юрий Петрович Pyrolysis boiler with the upper, layered combustion of fuel
CN108386845A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-10 田迎华 A kind of energy-efficient air blast garbage fuel water heater

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893233A (en) * 2010-06-27 2010-11-24 朱春华 Biomass semi-gasification automatic control combustion engine
RU2621418C2 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-06-06 Благодаров Юрий Петрович Pyrolysis boiler with the upper, layered combustion of fuel
CN108386845A (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-08-10 田迎华 A kind of energy-efficient air blast garbage fuel water heater

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204648325U (en) A kind of bi-fuel type clean burning environmental protection and energy saving cooking heating stove and accessory
CN201281371Y (en) Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace
CN201206849Y (en) Stack burning opposite impact type biomass fuel cooking furnace
CN201191013Y (en) Cooking-heating two-purpose stove using biomass compact as fuel
CN2921624Y (en) Biomass formed fuel stove
CN201262412Y (en) Biomass semi-gasification domestic boiler
CN201636902U (en) Biomass hot-water cooking stove
CN102235684A (en) Three-return-stroke reverse-combustion biomass superconductive hot half gasification furnace
CN202382404U (en) Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler
CN201680417U (en) Biomass energy-saving environment-protection cooking-heating furnace
CN201000096Y (en) Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler
CN201262424Y (en) Household coal and gas integrated boiler
CN105333416B (en) Coke particle clean combustion stove
CN102818362B (en) Chain type environment-friendly double-drum biomass particle gasifying burning hot-water boiler
CN201513880U (en) Integral gasifying combination burning boiler
CN201636841U (en) Biomass bath-heating non-pressure boiler
CN201606908U (en) Highly-efficient, low-emission and energy-saving biomass cooking stove
CN201462925U (en) High-efficiency environment-protection energy conservation stove
CN201443859U (en) Double-grate layered mutual combustion-supporting type heating stove for civil use
CN201382443Y (en) Secondary air inlet combustion-supporting dual-drum heating furnace
CN201014728Y (en) Horizontal atmospheric fire tube hot water boiler dedicated for biomass fuel direct combustion
CN201053699Y (en) Vertical reverse burning stove
CN201072231Y (en) Boiler especially for biomass fuel
CN201262425Y (en) Coal and gas integrated domestic boiler
CN201827914U (en) Energy-saving emission-reducing oven-kang

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090624

Termination date: 20100815