CN201000096Y - Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler - Google Patents

Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201000096Y
CN201000096Y CNU2007201032931U CN200720103293U CN201000096Y CN 201000096 Y CN201000096 Y CN 201000096Y CN U2007201032931 U CNU2007201032931 U CN U2007201032931U CN 200720103293 U CN200720103293 U CN 200720103293U CN 201000096 Y CN201000096 Y CN 201000096Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
burner
communicated
gasification
heating
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2007201032931U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田占国
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田占国
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Priority to CNU2007201032931U priority Critical patent/CN201000096Y/en
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Publication of CN201000096Y publication Critical patent/CN201000096Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model designs a multi-purpose high performance gasification boiler. The utility model is equipped with a material feeding opening and a chimney connector, and the utility model is characterized in that a heating chamber and a gasification chamber are arranged in the stove chamber of the boiler; the gasification chamber is connected with the material feeding opening, and is connected with the outside of the stove through the air intake conduit; a stove head is arranged at the upper part of the gasification chamber, and at least a burning hole is arranged on the stove head; the heating chamber is located at the upper part of the stove head, and a wind separating plate is arranged between the chimney connectors; a ventilation opening is arranged on the wind separating plate, the wind separating plate can be controlled to be opened or closed; a down wind conduit is arranged in the stove chamber; the down wind conduit is arranged between the gasification chamber wall and the stove wall of the boiler; the upper end of the down wind conduit is connected with the heating chamber, and the lower end is connected with the chimney connector. A multi-purpose high performance gasification boiler which burns the biotic substance material with the biotic substance gasification technology and in the furnace of which the air is heated more fully is provided through the structural design.

Description

A kind of multifunctional efficient gasification boiler

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, the more sufficient multifunctional efficient gasification boiler of heated air heating in the particularly a kind of employing biomass gasification technology biomass burning material, stove.

Background technology

Boiler is a kind of traditional heating equipment.The mode of heating of the tradition heating boiler external heating modes that adopt more.The shortcoming of this mode of heating is that thermal losses is bigger, and the heat utilization efficiency of fuel is extremely low, is the significant wastage to the energy.

In Chinese patent application 96102499.2, a kind of internal-combustion gas-burning heating boiler is disclosed.This boiler improves traditional boiler mode of heating, has adopted the mode of heating of internal combustion type.In addition, this patent also is provided with water layer in the periphery, combustion chamber of boiler, in the hope of improving the thermal conversion efficiency of boiler.This boiler has adopted the combustion system of internal combustion type and combustion chamber to be outside equipped with water layer, has improved the heating efficiency of boiler to a certain extent.But it still adopts the directly situation generation heat of burning of heating material, and the straight barrel type design that still keeps conventional boiler on discharge duct.The design of this mode of heating and blast pipe still is difficult to make full use of the heat that heating material can produce, and influences the heating efficiency of boiler.And this boiler can produce the cigarette ash of a large amount of contaminated environment simultaneously in burning.

Biomass gasification technology is a kind of new technology of utilizing living beings as the energy that eighties of last century occurs.This technology is utilized living beings (as bavin, stalk, coal etc.) imperfect combustion generating gasification reaction under anoxia condition, generates fuel gas.Utilize this technology can effectively improve the heating efficiency of biological material, and burning is more abundant, the cigarette ash that has been produced when having reduced burning.But, adopt the boiler of this technology still fewer at present.

In view of the problem that exists in the above-mentioned existing boiler, people need a kind of employing biomass gasification technology biomass burning material, the more sufficient multifunctional efficient gasification boiler of heated air heating in the stove.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of employing biomass gasification technology biomass burning material, the more sufficient multifunctional efficient gasification boiler of heated air heating in the stove.

The purpose of this utility model is achieved by following technical proposals:

A kind of multifunctional efficient gasification boiler is provided with charge door and chimney interface, it is characterized in that: be provided with heating clamber and vaporizer in the burner hearth of described boiler;

This vaporizer is communicated with described charge door, and is communicated with outward with stove by air inlet duct;

This vaporizer top is provided with burner, offers at least one burner port on the described burner;

This heating clamber is positioned at described burner top, and is separated with wind isolation board between the described chimney interface; Offer ventilating opening on this wind isolation board, this ventilating opening can controlledly open or close;

Also be provided with lower air duct in the described burner hearth; Described lower air duct is located between the furnace wall of described gasification locular wall and described boiler; Described lower air duct upper end is communicated with described heating clamber, and the lower end is communicated with described chimney interface.

The furnace wall of described boiler is provided with interlayer; Be full of water in this interlayer, be water layer.

This boiler is provided with the heating pipe at described heating clamber and/or gasification locular wall; Described heating pipe is communicated with described water layer.

This boiler offers water inlet, delivery port; This water inlet, delivery port are communicated with described water layer respectively.

This boiler offers water inlet, delivery port; Be embedded with the metal tube that is used for water flowing in the described water layer, described metal tube two is communicated with described water inlet, delivery port respectively.

Described water inlet, delivery port are connected with external device; Described external device is the one or more combination in heating installation or shower nozzle, the steamer.

Also be provided with Pressure gauge; This Pressure gauge is communicated with described water layer by pressure tapping.

Be provided with dividing plate between described burner and the heating clamber; This dividing plate and burner spacing are at 5-8cm; Dividing plate is connected with described wind isolation board side item; This dividing plate offers the fire door of bore less than burner at the burner place; Also offer perforate on this dividing plate, lower air duct is communicated with heating clamber corresponding to described lower air duct.

Described vaporizer lower end is provided with fire grate; This fire grate is the framed bent that is furnished with small opening; This fire grate is connected by bearing with the fire grate crank of being located at the boiler side.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:

1. boiler utilizes the biomass gasification technology design that vaporizer is arranged, and makes biological material be in anoxia condition and produces fuel gas, and biological material burns more fully, environmental protection more thereby make.

2. boiler makes heated air be heated fully by fire door, wind isolation board, ventilating opening, the isostructural design of lower air duct, utilizes the energy efficiently.

3. boiler is provided with water layer, makes that the boiler hot conversion efficiency is higher.

4. by set water layer and water inlet, delivery port, make boiler can realize multiple functions such as heating, bathing, hot meal.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the gasification boiler front view;

Fig. 2 is the gasification boiler side view;

Fig. 3 is the gasification boiler vertical view;

Fig. 4 is the gasification boiler elevation cross-sectional view;

Fig. 5 is the gasification boiler side cutaway view;

Fig. 6 is the gasification boiler top plan view;

Fig. 7 is the multi-functional use figure of gasification boiler;

Fig. 8 is furnace head bit architecture figure.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is further described.

Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are respectively front view, side view and the vertical view of gasification boiler.As shown in the figure, gasification boiler integral body is a body structure.The front of gasification boiler offers charge door 11, draws cinder notch 12, ash bucket 13.The boiler side is provided with fire grate crank 14, air inlet 120.The boiler top is provided with stone or metal plate for standing a stove on as a precaution against fire 15, delivery port 16, pressure tapping 17.The boiler rear side is provided with draws cigarette ash mouth 18, water inlet 19 and chimney interface 110.Drawing cigarette ash mouth 18 is communicated with chimney interface 110.This chimney interface 110 is provided with air regulating board 111 and ventilating opening knob 112.The user can be by the size of air regulating board 111 adjusting chimney air outlets.

Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 are respectively elevation cross-sectional view, side cutaway view, the top plan view of gasification boiler.As shown in the figure, be provided with vaporizer 21 in the boiler furnace, biological material (as bavin, stalk, coal etc.) is added in the vaporizer 21 by charge door 11.These vaporizer 21 peripheral wall surface are anti-burning layer, and the gasification locular wall is provided with perforate and is communicated with by air inlet duct 213 with air inlet 120.Vaporizer 21 tops are provided with burner 211, and the bottom is provided with fire grate 212.Fire grate 212 is for being furnished with the framed bent of small opening, and fire grate 212 is connected by bearing with fire grate crank 14, and the user can drop in ash bucket 13 ashes that burnout by shaking fire grate crank 14, is convenient to clear up combustion waste.The combustion waste of the bulk that leaves on the fire grate 212 can also be drawn away by drawing cinder notch 12.Burner 211 is the taper type ferrule, offers a plurality of burner ports 214 around the burner.During heating, the pyrolysis under anaerobic environment of the biological material in the vaporizer 21 produces fuel gas, and the fuel gas of high heat is met oxygen combustion at burner port 214 places.

Burner 211 is provided with dividing plate 221, and this dividing plate 221 is cut apart burner hearth, and dividing plate 221 is a heating clamber 22 with the upper plenum.As shown in Figure 8, dividing plate 221 offers the fire door 225 of bore less than burner 211 directly over burner 211.Spacing is at 5-8cm between dividing plate 221 and the burner 211, makes the heated air that enters heating clamber 22 by fire door 225 must pass through burned flame, thereby fully heats heated air.Dividing plate 221 is provided with wind isolation board 223 in chimney interface 110 directions, offers ventilating opening 224 on the wind isolation board 223.Ventilating opening 224 is opened or closed by 112 controls of ventilating opening knob.When ventilating opening 224 was opened, chimney interface 110 was communicated with heating clamber 22; When ventilating opening 224 was closed, chimney interface 110 was isolated with heating clamber 22.As shown in Figure 6, be provided with lower air duct 222 in the boiler furnace both sides.Lower air duct 222 is between furnace wall and vaporizer 21.Offer corresponding perforate on the dividing plate 221, lower air duct 222 upper ends are communicated with heating clamber 22.Lower air duct 222 lower ends are communicated with (not shown) with chimney interface 110.When boiler just began to heat, heated air can not moved downward by lower air duct 222 voluntarily.At this moment, should open ventilating opening 224 makes hot-air directly enter chimney interface 110 by heating clamber 22.When the air heat in the chimney interface 110 is closed ventilating opening 224 to a certain degree the time.At this moment, the rising because the air in the chimney interface 110 is heated makes that the air pressure in the chimney interface 110 is lower, makes the air in the heating clamber 22 be subjected to gas pressure to enter chimney interface 110 downwards along lower air duct 222 then.By such structural design, make heated air in lower air duct 222, contact with the gasification locular wall, the heated air chance of being heated has more fully improved the heating efficiency of boiler.

Be provided with interlayer at the boiler perisporium, in interlayer, be full of water, be called water layer 23.Water in the water layer 23 is heated by heating clamber 22 and lower air duct 222 interior heated airs.Because it is bigger that specific heat of water holds, can further improve the thermal conversion efficiency of boiler.Above-mentioned water inlet 19, delivery port 16 and pressure tapping 17 all are communicated with water layer 23.Pressure tapping 17 can external Pressure gauge, detects the pressure condition of water in the water layer.By water inlet 19 and delivery port 16 effects, constantly output from delivery port 16 of heated water in the water layer 23.As shown in Figure 7, above-mentioned water inlet 19, delivery port 16 not only can be directly and the water in the water layer 23 exchange, can also be communicated with by the metal tube 231 that buries in water layer 23, by the heating of the water in 23 pairs of metal tubes of water layer 231.This metal tube 231 buries in water layer 23 with circuitous form, to increase the heating surface area of metal tube 231.Also be provided with heating pipe 232 at heating clamber 22 and/or gasification locular wall.This heating pipe 232 is communicated with water layer 23, so that the water in the water layer 23 is fully heated.

Fig. 7 is the multi-functional use figure of boiler.Boiler can be provided with a plurality of water inlets 19, delivery port 16, and the hot water of can the be external multiple device utilization output of delivery port 16 is realized multiple function.As shown in the figure, delivery port 16 can be realized the heating of house function by external heating installation.Delivery port 16 can be realized the bathing function by external shower nozzle.Delivery port 16, water inlet 19 can also be communicated with steamer, utilize to be heated Steam Heating food of water or the like.

Claims (9)

1. a multifunctional efficient gasification boiler is provided with charge door and chimney interface, it is characterized in that: be provided with heating clamber and vaporizer in the burner hearth of described boiler;
This vaporizer is communicated with described charge door, and is communicated with outward with stove by air inlet duct;
This vaporizer top is provided with burner, offers at least one burner port on the described burner;
This heating clamber is positioned at described burner top, and is separated with wind isolation board between the described chimney interface; Offer ventilating opening on this wind isolation board, this ventilating opening can controlledly open or close;
Also be provided with lower air duct in the described burner hearth; Described lower air duct is located between the furnace wall of described gasification locular wall and described boiler; Described lower air duct upper end is communicated with described heating clamber, and the lower end is communicated with described chimney interface.
2. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the furnace wall of described boiler is provided with interlayer; Be full of water in this interlayer, be water layer.
3. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: this boiler is provided with the heating pipe at described heating clamber and/or gasification locular wall; Described heating pipe is communicated with described water layer.
4. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: this boiler offers water inlet, delivery port; This water inlet, delivery port are communicated with described water layer respectively.
5. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: this boiler offers water inlet, delivery port; Be embedded with the metal tube that is used for water flowing in the described water layer, described metal tube two is communicated with described water inlet, delivery port respectively.
6. as claim 4 or 5 described multifunctional efficient gasification boilers, it is characterized in that: described water inlet, delivery port are connected with external device; Described external device is the one or more combination in heating installation or shower nozzle, the steamer.
7. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: also be provided with Pressure gauge; This Pressure gauge is communicated with described water layer by pressure tapping.
8. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with dividing plate between described burner and the heating clamber; This dividing plate and burner spacing are at 5-8cm; Dividing plate is connected with described wind isolation board side item; This dividing plate offers the fire door of bore less than burner at the burner place; Also offer perforate on this dividing plate, lower air duct is communicated with heating clamber corresponding to described lower air duct.
9. multifunctional efficient gasification boiler as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described vaporizer lower end is provided with fire grate; This fire grate is the framed bent that is furnished with small opening; This fire grate is connected by bearing with the fire grate crank of being located at the boiler side.
CNU2007201032931U 2007-01-19 2007-01-19 Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler CN201000096Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201032931U CN201000096Y (en) 2007-01-19 2007-01-19 Multifunctional high performance gasification boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201000096Y true CN201000096Y (en) 2008-01-02

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101766442A (en) * 2008-12-29 2010-07-07 董子风 Pressure cooker
CN102635940A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Gasification combined-combustion hot-blast stove
CN102635937A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying
CN103017207A (en) * 2012-03-02 2013-04-03 袁旭东 Heat-insulating energy-saving heating stove
CN104896462A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-09 牡丹江市汇通锅炉制造有限公司 Boiler for burning biomass particles and burning method

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101766442A (en) * 2008-12-29 2010-07-07 董子风 Pressure cooker
CN103017207A (en) * 2012-03-02 2013-04-03 袁旭东 Heat-insulating energy-saving heating stove
CN103017207B (en) * 2012-03-02 2015-03-11 袁旭东 Heat-insulating energy-saving heating stove
CN102635940A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Gasification combined-combustion hot-blast stove
CN102635937A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying
CN104896462A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-09 牡丹江市汇通锅炉制造有限公司 Boiler for burning biomass particles and burning method
CN104896462B (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-09-26 牡丹江市汇通锅炉制造有限公司 The boiler and combustion method of biological substance for combustion particle

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080102

Termination date: 20100220