CN202382404U - Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler - Google Patents

Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202382404U
CN202382404U CN2011204437885U CN201120443788U CN202382404U CN 202382404 U CN202382404 U CN 202382404U CN 2011204437885 U CN2011204437885 U CN 2011204437885U CN 201120443788 U CN201120443788 U CN 201120443788U CN 202382404 U CN202382404 U CN 202382404U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
boiler
hearth
water
pressure hot
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011204437885U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高海华
李婧
苏树森
Original Assignee
河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司 filed Critical 河南巨烽生物能源开发有限公司
Priority to CN2011204437885U priority Critical patent/CN202382404U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202382404U publication Critical patent/CN202382404U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving and environment-friendly biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler, which comprises a boiler body formed by a water jacket with a water outlet and a water inlet, a smoke exhaust pipe arranged at the upper part of the boiler body, a hearth arranged in the boiler body, a hearth feed port arranged on the boiler body to lead to the hearth, a base ash storage chamber arranged at the lower part of the boiler body, a secondary air inlet arranged on the base ash storage chamber, a secondary air outlet pipe arranged in the hearth, a grate arranged at the lower part of the hearth, a silo communicated with the hearth, and a feed port arranged at the upper part of the silo, wherein the bottom of the silo tilts down, and an oxygen cabin baffle is arranged inside the base ash storage chamber; a secondary air control switch arranged on the base ash storage chamber is connected with the oxygen cabin baffle through a connecting rod, and a water penetrating heat absorbing pipe communicated with the water jacket is arranged above the inside of the hearth; and a fire penetrating heat dissipating pipe arranged at the upper part of the hearth is communicated with the hearth. The biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler has the advantages that: the energy utilization rate of fueled biomass fuel is high, the hearting area of the boiler body is large, the pollution and emission are low and the structure is simple.

Description

The living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of boiler, particularly a kind of living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Background technology
The normal-pressure hot-water boiler that existing market generally adopts; Mostly be the boiler that non-renewable energy resources are used in fire coal, fuel oil, combustion gas etc., simultaneously environment also had serious pollution, for solving this contradiction; Many countries all develop renewable resources what make great efforts; Wherein utilizing biomass fuel is exactly an importance, is that the biomass combustion that raw material is made has been trial-produceed successfully with stalk, wood chip etc., and in the higher equipment of this power consumption of boiler, applying is the needs of sustainable development.Though produced the boiler of some biomass fuel combustions in the market, according to monitoring department introduce these burning boilers also the disposal of pollutants of ubiquity incomplete combustion exceed standard and thermal efficiency problem of lower.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is the deficiency to above-mentioned prior art, and a kind of living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler is provided, and the burning-used biologic mass fuel energy utilization rate is high, and the body of heater heating surface area is big, the characteristics of low pollution emission.
The technical scheme of the utility model is achieved in that a kind of living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler; Comprise the body of heater, the smoke exhaust pipe that is opened in upper of furnace body that constitute by the water jacket that has delivery port and water inlet, be arranged on burner hearth in the body of heater, be opened in the burner hearth charge door that leads to burner hearth on the body of heater, the base Dust Storage Room that is opened in the body of heater bottom, base Dust Storage Room be provided with secondary discharge pipe, the fire grate that is arranged on lower furnace portion, feed bin that is connected with burner hearth that is provided with in secondary wind inlet, the burner hearth and the charge door that is opened in feed bin top; It is characterized in that: described feed bin bottom angled is downward; Base Dust Storage Room set inside aerobic storehouse baffle plate, a secondary wind control switch that wherein on the base Dust Storage Room, is provided with is connected with oxygen storehouse baffle plate through connecting rod; The water endothermic tube of wearing that is connected with water jacket is arranged on the burner hearth inner and upper, is arranged on the fiery radiating tube of wearing of upper furnace and is connected with burner hearth.
Described water jacket external packets is wrapped with heat-insulation layer.
The body of heater top is provided with explosion-proof valve.
Offer the sight burner on the burner hearth charge door on the body of heater.
The base Dust Storage Room is provided with ash hole, air inlet.
Smoke exhaust pipe top is provided with exhaust valve.
Described oxygen storehouse baffle plate is directed the rotation with connecting rod.
The utlity model has following good effect: the combination that the utility model utilizes the burner hearth burning, wears the water endothermic tube, wears fiery radiating tube, strengthened heat exchange area, make the interior water temperature rise speed of body of heater fast, the thermal efficiency is high; The feed bin bottom angled realized downwards living beings preheatings, drying, destructive distillation, burning, after-flame continuity, avoided the temperature that can reduce burner hearth because of reinforced; The secondary discharge pipe fully burns the combustible component in the burner hearth, improves thermal conversion rate, and chimney is over-emitting black exhaust not, has improved the utilization rate of biomass energy; The explosion-proof valve at body of heater top makes its no conventional boiler explosion danger.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is one of sectional structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 2 be the utility model the sectional structure sketch map two.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the backsight structural representation of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the left TV structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the right TV structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the plan structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is a secondary wind control switch internal structure sketch map of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Like Fig. 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, shown in 8; A kind of living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler; Comprise the body of heater 4, the smoke exhaust pipe 8 that is opened in body of heater 4 tops that constitute by the water jacket 3 that has delivery port 1 and water inlet 2, be arranged on burner hearth 5 in the body of heater 4, be opened in the burner hearth charge door 6 that leads to burner hearth 5 on the body of heater 4, the base Dust Storage Room 7 that is opened in body of heater 4 bottoms, base Dust Storage Room 7 be provided with secondary discharge pipe 11, the fire grate 22 that is arranged on burner hearth 5 bottoms, feed bin 9 that is connected with burner hearth 5 that is provided with in secondary wind inlet 12, the burner hearth 5 and the charge door 10 that is opened in feed bin 9 tops; Described feed bin 9 bottom angled are downward; Base Dust Storage Room 7 set inside aerobic storehouse baffle plates 23, a secondary wind control switch 19 that wherein on base Dust Storage Room 7, is provided with is connected with oxygen storehouse baffle plate 23 through connecting rod 24; The water endothermic tube 13 of wearing that is connected with water jacket 3 is arranged on burner hearth 5 inner and upper, is arranged on the fiery radiating tube 14 of wearing of burner hearth 5 tops and is connected with burner hearth 5.
Described water jacket 3 external packets are wrapped with heat-insulation layer 15.Body of heater 4 tops are provided with explosion-proof valve 16.Offer on the burner hearth charge door 6 on the body of heater 4 and see burner 17.Base Dust Storage Room 7 is provided with ash hole 18, air inlet 20.Smoke exhaust pipe 8 tops are provided with exhaust valve 21.Described oxygen storehouse baffle plate 23 is directed the rotation with connecting rod 24.
The pyrotechnics water endothermic tube that wears long in body of heater inside, wearing fiery radiating tube has increased heating surface area, has improved the heat energy utilization rate.The burner hearth of living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler adopts balanced air distribution mode; Make the CO gas that produces in combustible component that biomass fuel goes out through destructive distillation, oxidation, reduction, pyrolysis in the combustion chamber of burner hearth and the burning can with the abundant mixed combustion of the oxygen of secondary discharge pipe; One secondary wind control switch closes to the right; Oxygen storehouse baffle plate 23 rotates with connecting rod and blocks secondary discharge pipe 11 bottoms, and one time wind gets into burner hearth 5, primary combustion in burner hearth from secondary wind inlet 12 via fire grate 22; One secondary wind control switch closes left; Oxygen storehouse baffle plate 23 rotates with connecting rod and blocks a wind that gets into burner hearth, and secondary discharge pipe 11 is sent wind into burner hearth 5 tops and carried out second-time burning, improves thermal conversion efficiency; The utility model also is provided with feed bin storage biomass fuel technology; Preheating, drying, destructive distillation, the burning of living beings, the continuity of after-flame have been realized; Avoided reducing the temperature of burner hearth because of reinforced meeting; And the shortcoming that a large amount of combustible component unburneds just is discharged with flue gas has improved the utilization rate of biomass energy.

Claims (7)

1. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler; Comprise the body of heater (4), the smoke exhaust pipe (8) that is opened in body of heater (4) top that constitute by the water jacket (3) that has delivery port (1) and water inlet (2), be arranged on burner hearth (5) in the body of heater (4), be opened in the burner hearth charge door (6) that leads to burner hearth (5) on the body of heater (4), the base Dust Storage Room (7) that is opened in body of heater (4) bottom, base Dust Storage Room (7) be provided with secondary discharge pipe (11), the fire grate (22) that is arranged on burner hearth (5) bottom, feed bin (9) that is connected with burner hearth (5) that is provided with in secondary wind inlet (12), the burner hearth (5) and the charge door (10) that is opened in feed bin (9) top; It is characterized in that: described feed bin (9) bottom angled is downward; Base Dust Storage Room (7) set inside aerobic storehouse baffle plate (23) is wherein gone up a secondary wind control switch (19) that is provided with at base Dust Storage Room (7) and is connected with oxygen storehouse baffle plate (23) through connecting rod (24); The water endothermic tube (13) of wearing that is connected with water jacket (3) is arranged on burner hearth (5) inner and upper, and the fiery radiating tube (14) of wearing that is arranged on burner hearth (5) top is connected with burner hearth (5).
2. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described water jacket (3) external packets is wrapped with heat-insulation layer (15).
3. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: body of heater (4) top is provided with explosion-proof valve (16).
4. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: offer on the burner hearth charge door (6) on the body of heater (4) and see burner (17).
5. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: base Dust Storage Room (7) is provided with ash hole (18), air inlet (20).
6. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: smoke exhaust pipe (8) top is provided with exhaust valve (21).
7. living beings normal-pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described oxygen storehouse baffle plate (23) is directed the rotation with connecting rod (24).
CN2011204437885U 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler CN202382404U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204437885U CN202382404U (en) 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204437885U CN202382404U (en) 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202382404U true CN202382404U (en) 2012-08-15

Family

ID=46630901

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011204437885U CN202382404U (en) 2011-11-11 2011-11-11 Biomass atmospheric pressure hot water boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202382404U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103868044A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 姚小金 Edible fungi waste fungi bag constant-pressure combustion furnace
CN104864588A (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-26 英荣县 Stainless steel high-efficiency energy-saving boiler
CN105318360A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Village domestic biomass cooking range concentrated energy supplying system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104864588A (en) * 2014-02-20 2015-08-26 英荣县 Stainless steel high-efficiency energy-saving boiler
CN103868044A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 姚小金 Edible fungi waste fungi bag constant-pressure combustion furnace
CN103868044B (en) * 2014-03-31 2015-11-18 姚小金 A kind of waste edible fungus bacterium bag atmospheric combustion furnace
CN105318360A (en) * 2015-10-27 2016-02-10 重庆光煦科技有限公司 Village domestic biomass cooking range concentrated energy supplying system

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