CN106610032A - A multifunctional small boiler - Google Patents

A multifunctional small boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106610032A
CN106610032A CN201611251739.5A CN201611251739A CN106610032A CN 106610032 A CN106610032 A CN 106610032A CN 201611251739 A CN201611251739 A CN 201611251739A CN 106610032 A CN106610032 A CN 106610032A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fire
flue
combustion chamber
chamber
coal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201611251739.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN YEKONG AUTOMATIC INSTRUMENT & INSTALL PROJECT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN YEKONG AUTOMATIC INSTRUMENT & INSTALL PROJECT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN YEKONG AUTOMATIC INSTRUMENT & INSTALL PROJECT Co Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN YEKONG AUTOMATIC INSTRUMENT & INSTALL PROJECT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201611251739.5A priority Critical patent/CN106610032A/en
Publication of CN106610032A publication Critical patent/CN106610032A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/183Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with additional provisions for heating water
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/189Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by air-handling means, i.e. of combustion-air, heated-air, or flue-gases, e.g. draught control dampers 
    • F24B1/1895Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by air-handling means, i.e. of combustion-air, heated-air, or flue-gases, e.g. draught control dampers  flue-gas control dampers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/189Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by air-handling means, i.e. of combustion-air, heated-air, or flue-gases, e.g. draught control dampers 
    • F24B1/19Supplying combustion-air
    • F24B1/1905Supplying combustion-air in combination with provisions for heating water only
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories
    • F24B1/1915Means for removing ash

Abstract

The invention provides a multifunctional small boiler comprising a combustion chamber, a fire grate used for filtering ash, a table board sitting on the combustion chamber, a backfire flue adjacent to the combustion chamber, and a blower used for accelerating and promoting the combustion of fuel coal. A cavity wall of the combustion chamber is provided with an inlet used for adding fuel coal and an arc-shaped fire-retarding plate is arranged above the combustion chamber; a space area between the table board and the fire-retarding plate is a buffer chamber; the blower is arranged on one side of the cavity wall of the combustion chamber; a blowing inlet of the blower is aligned with a coal combustion area; the fire grate at the bottom of the combustion chamber separates the combustion chamber from a boiler ash chamber; a flue plate is arranged between the flue and the combustion chamber; a plurality of water pipes are arranged in the flue. The boiler is especially suitable for rural families, can fully utilize coal resources, enables sufficient combustion of coal resources, achieves high efficiency utilization, is economical and convenient and causes less pollution.

Description

A kind of multifunctional small-size boiler
Technical field
The invention belongs to boiler technology field, more particularly, to a kind of multifunctional small-size boiler.
Background technology
In northern Cold Winter, adopting burning straw the heating system in conventional rural area more, and topmost heating side at present Formula adopts coal-burning boiler, and the heating system of this employing family coal-burning boiler has also obtained the generally accreditation of people, but existing The heating boiler thermal efficiency it is low and more single to the utilization of thermal source, greatly waste coal resources.
The content of the invention
In view of this, it is contemplated that proposing a kind of multifunctional small-size boiler, to solve thermal effect present in prior art Rate is low, the problem of the wasting of resources, while the maximization of the utilization of resources can be realized.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the technical scheme is that what is be achieved in that:
A kind of multifunctional small-size boiler, including combustion chamber, the fire grate for filtering lime-ash, rest upon on combustion chamber Table top and the tempering flue adjacent with combustion chamber and the aerator for accelerating to promote fired coal combustion, the combustion chamber Cavity wall is provided with the entrance for dosing fire coal, and the combustion chamber top is provided with arc fire-proof plate, and the fire-proof plate prevents combustion The excessive outlet directly from table top of coal fire gesture is discharged and causes the burning of fuel insufficient, the sky between the table top and fire-proof plate Between region be buffer chamber, place on the table top after cooker, the flame that the buffer chamber can allow above fire-proof plate is buffered, Make the granular fuel that flame takes up cushion chamber falls burn, and be prevented from flue dust from table top outlet emerge;The air blast Machine is arranged on the cavity wall side of combustion chamber, and coal-fired region, the bottom of the combustion chamber are directed at the blast entrance of aerator The fire grate in portion separates combustion chamber and ashes thorax, that is, the lime-ash after burning is filled in ashes thorax from fire grate;The flue with Flue sheet is provided between combustion chamber, the flame for preventing advantage is directly entered in flue, some water excessively are provided with flue Pipe, cross water pipe can be used for life drink can also be used for heating installation water supply;
Further, vertical reinforcement air duct board, described plus high wind are being provided with the combustion chamber of aerator side Guidance tape by aerator rouse into wind be divided into two-way, be directly directed at coal-fired all the way, another road intercepts what is formed along air duct board is strengthened Strengthen air channel to be blown at fire-proof plate, the correspondence on fire-proof plate strengthens air channel and is provided with the exhaust vent that air blast passes through;
Further, strengthening being provided with air door regulation switch in air channel, the air door adjusts switch and can adjust reinforcement air channel Interior wind-force size;
Further, in the fire conduction plate that activity is provided with the fire-proof plate of flue sheet, the fire conduction plate can cover back-fire relief The crater of plate bottom, when being cooked using cooker, can be rotated fire conduction plate to the crater of fire-proof plate, when needs make With cooker by fire conduction plate rotation direction flue sheet;
Further, safety door is provided with the outer chamber wall of flue, the safety door both can be used as cigarette in removing flue The entrance of ash can be used for carrying out unloading pressure protection to the flue after blocking again;Preferably, some groups pairs are provided with flue internal upper part Vertical alternating expression, the PLASTIC LAMINATED being inclined in flue cavity wall, can both prevent directly altering for flame, and flue gas can not be hindered again Discharge;
Further, smoke extractor is provided with the top of flue, the smoke extractor is used to promote the discharge of flue gas in flue;
Further, to be provided with defecator in smoke extractor front end or rear end harmful gass can be prevented to be directly discharged to In air;
Further, ashes push pedal is provided with the ashes thorax, the ashes push pedal can push away the lime-ash in ashes thorax Pull out, it is convenient to remove work.
Relative to prior art, boiler of the present invention has the advantage that:
Boiler of the present invention is particularly suitable for rural households and uses, and coal resources can be made full use of, to coal resources Efficient utilization rate is realized in fully burning, and economy is convenient and pollutes little.
Description of the drawings
The accompanying drawing for constituting the part of the present invention is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, the schematic reality of the present invention Apply example and its illustrate, for explaining the present invention, not constituting inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the miniature boiler schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1- combustion chambers;103- fire grates;14- strengthens air duct board;15- flue sheets;20- buffer chambers;21- fire-proof plates;22- Table top;23- fire conduction plates;3- ashes thoraxes;31- ashes push pedals;4- aerators;41- air doors adjust switch;42- strengthens air channel;5- cigarettes Road;The water pipes of 61- first;The water pipes of 62- second;7- safety doors;The PLASTIC LAMINATEDs of 81- first;The PLASTIC LAMINATEDs of 82- second;90- smoke extractors.
Specific embodiment
It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the embodiment and the feature in embodiment in the present invention can phase Mutually combination.
In describing the invention, it is to be understood that term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " horizontal ", " on ", D score, The orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertical ", " level ", " top ", " bottom ", " interior ", " outward " is Based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, it is for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifies description, rather than indicates or dark Showing the device or element of indication must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation therefore it is not intended that right The restriction of the present invention.Additionally, term " first ", " second " etc. are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying phase To importance or the implicit quantity for indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, the feature for defining " first ", " second " etc. can To express or implicitly include one or more this feature.In describing the invention, unless otherwise stated, " multiple " It is meant that two or more.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Company ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, or being detachably connected, or be integrally connected;Can Being to be mechanically connected, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, Ke Yishi The connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood by concrete condition Concrete meaning in the present invention.
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments describing the present invention in detail.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1, a kind of multifunctional small-size boiler, including combustion chamber 1, the fire grate 103 for filtering lime-ash, seat Put the table top 22 on combustion chamber 1 and the tempering flue 5 adjacent with combustion chamber 1 and for accelerating to promote fired coal combustion Aerator 4, the cavity wall of the combustion chamber 1 is provided with the entrance for dosing fire coal, and entrance is not indicated in figure, the burning The top of chamber 1 is provided with the arc fire-proof plate 21 of crater, and the fire-proof plate 21 prevents the coal-fired intensity of a fire excessive direct from table top 22 Outlet discharge cause the burning of fuel insufficient, the area of space between the table top 22 and fire-proof plate be buffer chamber 20, Place on the table top 22 after cooker, the flame that the buffer chamber 20 can allow above fire-proof plate 21 is buffered, and takes up flame Granular fuel burning in the buffer chamber 20, and be prevented from flue dust and emerge from the outlet of table top 22;The aerator 4 is arranged In the cavity wall side of combustion chamber 1, and coal-fired region is directed at the blast entrance of aerator 4, the bottom of the combustion chamber 1 Fire grate 103 separates combustion chamber 1 and ashes thorax 3, that is, the lime-ash after burning is filled in ashes thorax 3 from fire grate 103;The cigarette Flue sheet 15 is provided between road 5 and combustion chamber 1, the flame for preventing advantage is directly entered in flue 5, is arranged in flue 5 Have it is some cross water pipes, the first water pipe 61 and the second water pipe 62 are as schematically illustrate in figure, cross water pipe and can be used to life and drink also may be used For heating installation water supply;
Preferably, vertical reinforcement air duct board 14, the reinforcement are being provided with the combustion chamber 1 of the side of aerator 4 Air duct board 14 by aerator 4 rouse into wind be divided into two-way, be directly directed at coal-fired all the way, another road intercepts along air duct board 14 is strengthened The reinforcement air channel 42 of formation is blown at fire-proof plate 21, and what the correspondence on fire-proof plate 21 strengthened that air channel 42 is provided with that air blast passes through goes out Air holes;Further, strengthening being provided with air door regulation switch 41 in air channel 42, the air door adjusts switch 41 and can adjust reinforcement air channel Wind-force size in 42;Further, in the fire conduction plate 23 that activity is provided with the fire-proof plate 21 of flue sheet 15, the fire conduction plate 23 craters that can cover the bottom of fire-proof plate 21, when being cooked using cooker, fire conduction plate 23 can be rotated to fire-proof plate 21 crater, when needing to use cooker by the rotation direction flue sheet 15 of fire conduction plate 23;Preferably, it is provided with the outer chamber wall of flue 5 Safety door 7, the safety door 7 not only as the entrance of flue dust in removing flue 5 but also can be used for entering the flue 5 after blocking Row unloading pressure protection;Preferably, two groups of alternating expressions, the PLASTIC LAMINATED being inclined in the cavity wall of flue 5 are provided with the internal upper part of flue 5, The first PLASTIC LAMINATED 81 and the second PLASTIC LAMINATED 82 show optimal incline direction in figure, can both prevent directly altering for flame, again may be used Not hinder the discharge of flue gas;Further, smoke extractor 90 is provided with the top of flue 5, the smoke extractor 90 is used to promote flue 5 The discharge of interior flue gas, further, can prevent harmful gass direct to be provided with defecator in the front end of smoke extractor 90 or rear end In being emitted into air;
Ashes push pedal 31 is provided with the ashes thorax 3, the ashes push pedal 31 can go out the lime-ash push-and-pull in ashes thorax 3 Come, it is convenient to remove work.
The operation principle of the invention:When needing to carry out life using table top 22 to cook, rotation fire conduction plate 23 opens resistance The crater of fiery plate 21, now flame major part is gone out from fire-proof plate 21, and appropriate damper adjusts switch 41, adjustment fire Gesture, remainder flame is entered in flue 5 in the guide effect of wind deflector 23 and flue sheet 15, and the water pipe in flue 5 is heated Persistently heat supply is carried out to heating pipeline;When the life of table top 22 fire need not be used, the crater of fire-proof plate 21 need to be only closed, Then the coal-fired heat for producing directly is heated to water pipe.
Boiler of the present invention is particularly suitable for rural households and uses, and coal resources can be made full use of, to coal resources Efficient utilization rate is realized in fully burning, and economy is convenient and pollutes little.
Presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is the foregoing is only, not to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of multifunctional small-size boiler, it is characterised in that:Including combustion chamber (1), the fire grate (103) for filtering lime-ash, Rest upon the tempering flue (5) adjacent with combustion chamber (1) of the table top (22) on combustion chamber (1) and for accelerating to promote The aerator (4) of fired coal combustion, the cavity wall of the combustion chamber (1) is provided with the entrance for dosing fire coal, the combustion chamber Room (1) top is provided with arc fire-proof plate (21), and area of space of the table top (22) and fire-proof plate between is buffer chamber (20); The aerator (4) is arranged on the cavity wall side of combustion chamber (1), and coal-fired region is directed at the blast entrance of aerator (4), The fire grate (103) of the bottom of the combustion chamber (1) separates combustion chamber (1) and ashes thorax (3);The flue (5) and combustion Burn and be provided with flue sheet (15) between chamber (1), some water pipes excessively are provided with flue (5).
2. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the burning near aerator (4) side Vertical reinforcement air duct board (14) is provided with chamber (1), the wind that aerator (4) drum enters is divided into two by the air duct board (14) of strengthening Road, is directly directed at all the way coal-fired, and another road is blown to fire-proof plate along the reinforcement air channel (42) for strengthening air duct board (14) obstruct formation (21) place, the correspondence on fire-proof plate (21) strengthens air channel (42) and is provided with the exhaust vent that air blast passes through.
3. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Strengthening being provided with air door tune in air channel (42) Section switch (41), the air door adjusts switch (41) and can adjust the interior wind-force size of reinforcement air channel (42).
4. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In the fire-proof plate near flue sheet (15) (21) fire conduction plate (23) of activity is provided with, the fire conduction plate (23) can cover the crater of fire-proof plate (21) bottom.
5. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Peace is provided with the outer chamber wall of flue (5) Air cock (7), in flue (5) internal upper part some groups of opposition alternating expressions, the PLASTIC LAMINATED being inclined in flue (5) cavity wall are provided with.
6. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Smoke extractor is provided with flue (5) top (90)。
7. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is provided with smoke extractor (90) front end or rear end Defecator.
8. multifunctional small-size boiler according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Ashes are provided with the ashes thorax (3) Push pedal (31), the ashes push pedal (31) can pull out the lime-ash in ashes thorax (3).
CN201611251739.5A 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 A multifunctional small boiler Pending CN106610032A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611251739.5A CN106610032A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 A multifunctional small boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611251739.5A CN106610032A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 A multifunctional small boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106610032A true CN106610032A (en) 2017-05-03

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201611251739.5A Pending CN106610032A (en) 2016-12-30 2016-12-30 A multifunctional small boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106610032A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108488836A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-09-04 黄学新 A kind of the biomass fuel combustion furnace tool and its combustion method of the dustless discharge of burner

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4126118A (en) * 1977-03-28 1978-11-21 Haynes Freddie J Modular fireplace assembly
CN201281371Y (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-07-29 罗建凯 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace
CN201764540U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-03-16 史建潮 Backfire boiler
CN104832951A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-12 河北群翔采暖设备有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly stove
CN206504463U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-09-19 天津市亚控自动化仪表安装工程有限公司 A kind of small-sized household boiler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4126118A (en) * 1977-03-28 1978-11-21 Haynes Freddie J Modular fireplace assembly
CN201281371Y (en) * 2008-08-28 2009-07-29 罗建凯 Double suction type biomass heating and cooking furnace
CN201764540U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-03-16 史建潮 Backfire boiler
CN104832951A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-12 河北群翔采暖设备有限公司 Energy-saving and environment-friendly stove
CN206504463U (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-09-19 天津市亚控自动化仪表安装工程有限公司 A kind of small-sized household boiler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108488836A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-09-04 黄学新 A kind of the biomass fuel combustion furnace tool and its combustion method of the dustless discharge of burner

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Application publication date: 20170503

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication