CN205372643U - High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace - Google Patents

High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205372643U
CN205372643U CN201520946316.XU CN201520946316U CN205372643U CN 205372643 U CN205372643 U CN 205372643U CN 201520946316 U CN201520946316 U CN 201520946316U CN 205372643 U CN205372643 U CN 205372643U
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chamber
heat exchanger
burner hearth
fire
heating furnace
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CN201520946316.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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李庆来
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李庆来
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Abstract

The utility model provides a high -efficiency cooking and heating furnace, the induction cooker comprises a cooker bod, the furnace body includes furnace, furnace upper portion is provided with a drawing fires section of thick bamboo that switches on with it, a drawing fires section of thick bamboo is provided with the water jacket with the furnace periphery, be provided with the heat exchange tube in the water jacket, the heat exchange tube comprises two rows of heat exchange tubes along water jacket high lateral separation setting, the two rows of heat exchange tubes are located furnace and drawing fires section of thick bamboo both sides and surround furnace and the setting of a drawing fires section of thick bamboo, and every row of heat exchange tube includes a plurality of heat exchange tubes, the heat exchange tube one end that lies in upper portion in the two rows of heat exchange tubes switches on with first cavity, and the other end switches on with the second cavity, and the heat exchange tube one end that lies in the lower part switches on with the third cavity, and the other end switches on with the second cavity, the third cavity switches on with the flue, first cavity switches on with a drawing fires section of thick bamboo. Be provided with vaporization air inlet dish group between a drawing fires section of thick bamboo and the furnace. The utility model provides a high -efficiency cooking and heating furnace, simple structure, the heat transfer area is big, and the thermal cycle is fast, and the endotherm area is big.

Description

High-efficiency cooking and heating furnace
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of heating equipment technical field, particularly to a kind of high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace.
Background technology
Use in winter stove heating is a kind of traditional heating system, China has in the middle of the user in greatly area life in the winter time and existence to use coal stove heating, and the impact of whole heating system is particularly important by the heat exchange property of Heating stove and radiating efficiency.Current heating stove includes furnace shell, is provided with burner hearth in furnace shell, is provided with water jacket between furnace shell and burner hearth, and the flue gas that burning produces is discharged either directly through flue, and the temperature of flue gas is significantly high, and directly draining wastes amount of heat, adds heating cost.
Utility model content
For shortcomings and deficiencies in prior art, the utility model proposes one and can make full use of flue gas heat, there is heat transmission quickly, the high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace of heat exchange efficiency high feature.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model proposes a kind of high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace, including body of heater, described body of heater includes burner hearth, described upper furnace is provided with the fire drawing duct turned on it, described fire drawing duct and burner hearth periphery are provided with water jacket, it is provided with heat exchanger tube in described water jacket, described heat exchanger tube is made up of the two row's heat exchanger tubes being horizontally arranged at interval along water jacket height, described two row's heat exchanger tubes are positioned at burner hearth and fire drawing duct both sides encircle burner hearth and fire drawing duct is arranged, often row's heat exchanger tube includes some heat exchanger tubes, superposed heat exchanger tube one end and the first chamber conducting in described two row's heat exchanger tubes, the other end and the conducting of the second chamber, it is positioned at heat exchanger tube one end and the 3rd chamber conducting of bottom, the other end and the conducting of the second chamber, described 3rd chamber and flue conducting, described first chamber and fire drawing duct conducting.
Preferential as technique scheme, vaporization supplying air disc group it is provided with between described fire drawing duct and burner hearth, described vaporization supplying air disc group has the cavity of hollow, through hole it is provided with for turning on fire drawing duct and burner hearth in the middle part of it, described through hole has default height, described through hole is provided with beats the fire sealing cover of through hole described in opening/closing, and described through-hole surfaces circumference is highly provided with several air vents with the cavity conducting with vaporization supplying air disc group, the cavity of described vaporization supplying air disc group and body of heater turned on outside along it.
Preferential as technique scheme, is provided with at least one burner hearth air intake passage, described burner hearth air intake passage one end and the conducting of burner hearth cavity top, the other end and body of heater turned on outside in the furnace wall of described burner hearth.
Preferential as technique scheme, described first chamber and the 3rd chamber are cut off by dividing plate by an overall chamber and form, and described dividing plate can move, to be cut off with the 3rd chamber/to turn on by the first chamber.
Preferential as technique scheme, described second chamber is provided with the cleaning door that can beat opening/closing.
Preferential as technique scheme, described first chamber is provided with the opening that can beat opening/closing and can regulate the size of opening folding as required, described opening and flue conducting.
Preferential as technique scheme, described first chamber and the 3rd chamber surfaces are provided with the cleaning door that can beat opening/closing.
Preferential as technique scheme, described first chamber and fire drawing duct turning part are provided with gear coal bar.
Preferential as technique scheme, described two row's heat exchanger tubes are symmetrical arranged.
Preferential as technique scheme, described two row's heat exchanger tube respectively arcs.
The high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace that the utility model proposes, make full use of pyrotechnics energy, its top heat exchanger tube heat is by the fire drawing duct turned on burner hearth and the transmission of the first chamber, area of heat transfer is big, in heat transitive set quickly, constituting the effect that fire passes through from water, heat transference efficiency is high, and pyrotechnics can along 360 ° of abundant heat radiations of heat exchanger tube;Bottom heat exchanger tube heat quickly concentrates transmission by the second chamber, and heat transmission is fast, and pyrotechnics is 360 ° of reverse walkings, pyrotechnics heat is discharged from low-temperature space, and heat absorption is abundant, and exhaust gas temperature is greatly lowered, flue gas is the warmmest less than 65 °, and the thermal efficiency reaches more than 85%.
Simultaneously, the air that burner hearth 9 moderate heat enters with burner hearth air intake passage 12 is up after mixing, again through under oxygen combined effect produced by the fresh air inlet by the oxygen and vaporization supplying air disc group 9 itself that enter into vaporization supplying air disc group 9 outside body of heater, enter after making flame and flue gas fully burn in heat exchanger tube, reaching heat transfer effect with the water jacket being arranged on outside heat exchanger tube, the thermal efficiency improves further.
The high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace that the utility model proposes, simple in construction, heat-transfer surface is big, and thermal cycle is fast, and endotherm area is big.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is utility model embodiment high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the A direction view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the B-B direction view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 two groups of heat exchange tube structure schematic diagrams of utility model embodiment high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this utility model is described further.
nullThe utility model proposes a kind of high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace,Such as Fig. 1、Fig. 3、Fig. 4、Fig. 5、Shown in Fig. 6,Including body of heater 1,Described body of heater includes burner hearth 2,Described upper furnace is provided with the fire drawing duct 3 turned on it,Described fire drawing duct 3 is provided with water jacket with burner hearth 2 periphery,Described water jacket has water inlet and water return outlet 22,Heat exchanger tube 4 it is provided with in described water jacket,Described heat exchanger tube 4 is made up of the two row's heat exchanger tubes being horizontally arranged at interval along water jacket height,Described two row's heat exchanger tubes are positioned at burner hearth and fire drawing duct both sides encircle burner hearth and fire drawing duct is arranged,Often row's heat exchanger tube includes some heat exchanger tubes,In described two row's heat exchanger tubes, superposed heat exchanger tube one end turns on the first chamber 5,The other end and the second chamber conducting 6,The heat exchanger tube one end being positioned at bottom turns on the 3rd chamber 7,The other end and the second chamber 6 turn on,Described 3rd chamber and flue 8 turn on,Described first chamber and fire drawing duct 3 turn on.Described two row's heat exchanger tubes are symmetrical arranged, and described two row's heat exchanger tube respectively arcs, described heat exchanger tube has downward-sloping angle.
As in figure 2 it is shown, described first chamber and fire drawing duct turning part are provided with gear coal bar 19, described bottom of furnace body has drawer group 21 and the fire bars turning device 20 being arranged in body of heater, fire grate 24.
Vaporization supplying air disc group 9 it is provided with between described fire drawing duct and burner hearth, described vaporization supplying air disc group has the cavity 10 of hollow, through hole it is provided with for turning on fire drawing duct and burner hearth in the middle part of it, described through hole has default height, described through hole is provided with beats the fire sealing cover 11 of through hole described in opening/closing, fire sealing cover 11 is for cutting off fire drawing duct with burner hearth or conducting, described through-hole surfaces circumference is highly provided with several air vents 23 with the cavity conducting with vaporization supplying air disc group along it, and the cavity of described vaporization supplying air disc group passes through blast pipe 14 body of heater turned on outside.
At least one burner hearth air intake passage 12, described burner hearth air intake passage 12 one end and the conducting of burner hearth cavity top, the other end and body of heater turned on outside it is provided with in the furnace wall of described burner hearth.Described first chamber and the 3rd chamber are formed by dividing plate 13 partition by an overall chamber, and described dividing plate can move, so that the first chamber and the 3rd chamber are cut off/conducting.Described second chamber is provided with the cleaning door 15 that can beat opening/closing.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, described first chamber is provided with the opening that can beat opening/closing, described opening and flue 8 turn on, described opening is provided with fire baffle disk 16, described fire baffle disk connects drive rod 17, and described drive rod drives fire baffle disk beat opening/closing institute's opening and can regulate the size of opening folding as required.Opening of fire baffle disk 16 can regulate the height of water temperature in water jacket with closing, to adapt to different crowds.
Described first chamber and the 3rd chamber surfaces are also equipped with beating the cleaning door 18 of opening/closing.
The high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace that the utility model proposes, make full use of pyrotechnics energy, its top heat exchanger tube heat is by the fire drawing duct turned on burner hearth and the transmission of the first chamber, area of heat transfer is big, in heat transitive set quickly, constituting the effect that fire passes through from water, heat transference efficiency is high, and pyrotechnics can along 360 ° of abundant heat radiations of heat exchanger tube;Bottom heat exchanger tube heat quickly concentrates transmission by the second chamber, and heat transmission is fast, and pyrotechnics is 360 ° of reverse walkings, pyrotechnics heat is discharged from low-temperature space, and heat absorption is abundant, and exhaust gas temperature is greatly lowered, flue gas is the warmmest less than 65 °, and the thermal efficiency reaches more than 85%.
Simultaneously, the air that burner hearth 9 moderate heat enters with burner hearth air intake passage 12 is up after mixing, again through under oxygen combined effect produced by the fresh air inlet by the oxygen and vaporization supplying air disc group 9 itself that enter into vaporization supplying air disc group 9 outside body of heater, enter after making flame and flue gas fully burn in heat exchanger tube, reaching heat transfer effect with the water jacket being arranged on outside heat exchanger tube, the thermal efficiency improves further.
The high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace that the utility model proposes, simple in construction, heat-transfer surface is big, and thermal cycle is fast, and endotherm area is big.
Certainly; this utility model also can have other embodiments; when without departing substantially from this utility model spirit and essence thereof; person of ordinary skill in the field is when can make various corresponding change and deformation according to this utility model, but these change accordingly and deformation all should belong to scope of the claims of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace, including body of heater, described body of heater includes burner hearth, it is characterized in that, described upper furnace is provided with the fire drawing duct turned on it, described fire drawing duct and burner hearth periphery are provided with water jacket, it is provided with heat exchanger tube in described water jacket, described heat exchanger tube is made up of the two row's heat exchanger tubes being horizontally arranged at interval along water jacket height, described two row's heat exchanger tubes are positioned at burner hearth and fire drawing duct both sides encircle burner hearth and fire drawing duct is arranged, often row's heat exchanger tube includes some heat exchanger tubes, superposed heat exchanger tube one end and the first chamber conducting in described two row's heat exchanger tubes, the other end and the conducting of the second chamber, it is positioned at heat exchanger tube one end and the 3rd chamber conducting of bottom, the other end and the conducting of the second chamber, described 3rd chamber and flue conducting, described first chamber and fire drawing duct conducting.
2. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, vaporization supplying air disc group it is provided with between described fire drawing duct and burner hearth, described vaporization supplying air disc group has the cavity of hollow, through hole it is provided with for turning on fire drawing duct and burner hearth in the middle part of it, described through hole has default height, described through hole is provided with fire sealing cover, described through-hole surfaces circumference is highly provided with several air vents with the cavity conducting with vaporization supplying air disc group, the cavity of described vaporization supplying air disc group and body of heater turned on outside along it.
3. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with at least one burner hearth air intake passage, described burner hearth air intake passage one end and the conducting of burner hearth cavity top, the other end and body of heater turned on outside in the furnace wall of described burner hearth.
4. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first chamber and the 3rd chamber are formed by dividing plate partition by an overall chamber, and described dividing plate can move, to cut off the first chamber and the 3rd chamber on/conducting.
5. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described second chamber is provided with the cleaning door that can beat opening/closing.
6. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first chamber is provided with the opening that can beat opening/closing and can regulate the size of opening folding as required, described opening and flue conducting.
7. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first chamber and the 3rd chamber surfaces are provided with the cleaning door that can beat opening/closing.
8. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described first chamber and fire drawing duct turning part are provided with gear coal bar.
9. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described two row's heat exchanger tubes are symmetrical arranged.
10. high-efficiency cooking and heating furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described two row's heat exchanger tube respectively arcs.
CN201520946316.XU 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace Active CN205372643U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520946316.XU CN205372643U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520946316.XU CN205372643U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205372643U true CN205372643U (en) 2016-07-06

Family

ID=56261666

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520946316.XU Active CN205372643U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 High -efficiency cooking and heating furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205372643U (en)

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