CN202630129U - Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians - Google Patents

Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202630129U
CN202630129U CN2012202928707U CN201220292870U CN202630129U CN 202630129 U CN202630129 U CN 202630129U CN 2012202928707 U CN2012202928707 U CN 2012202928707U CN 201220292870 U CN201220292870 U CN 201220292870U CN 202630129 U CN202630129 U CN 202630129U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
brick bed
cooking
stove
civilians
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2012202928707U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张亮
高俊华
赵利华
于志明
周猛
关冰
刘晓飞
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LIAONING HEBAIYI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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LIAONING HEBAIYI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012202928707U priority Critical patent/CN202630129U/en
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Publication of CN202630129U publication Critical patent/CN202630129U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model relates to a biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating a brick bed for civilians. The biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating the brick bed for the civilians comprises a stove body, a material feed hopper, a hearth, a stove grate, an air inlet and an ash collecting chamber, wherein the air inlet is connected with a fan. The biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating the brick bed for the civilians is characterized in that a fire gathering mouth is arranged at the top end of the hearth, a big-kitchen-range type half-gasification combustion chamber is located above the fire gathering mouth, a through smoke cavity which is connected with a through brick-bed mouth is arranged in the big-kitchen-range type half-gasification combustion chamber, a water jacket is arranged on the outer walls of the stove body and the through smoke cavity, the air inlet is communicated with the bottom of the hearth, and the air inlet is also connected with the fire gathering mouth though an air passageway. According to the biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating the brick bed for the civilians, biomass briquettes fuel and firewood sticks are used as main fuel, the biomass briquettes fuel or the firewood sticks are added into the biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating the brick bed for the civilians one time, the biomass briquettes fuel or the firewood sticks can burn for a quite long time and burn adequately, heat efficiency is high, and the biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating the brick bed for the civilians is environmental friendly, free from pollution, and suitable for application in northern farmer houses.

Description

Civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove
Technical field
It is the cooking stove of fuel with living beings such as stalk, branch bavins that the utility model relates to a kind of, particularly civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country; Annual about 600,000,000 tons of the agricultural crop straw that produces; Stalk can be used for purposes such as fertilizer, feed, base-material and paper industry raw material, but has 300,000,000 tons of agricultural crop straws still not have the proper process approach at present approximately, therefore; The phenomenon that the on-site incineration stalk has appearred in a lot of areas causes severe contamination to environment.These discarded crop stalks can be amounted to 1.5 hundred million tons of standard coals as using as the energy.China mountain area branch bavin resource is very abundant in addition, makes full use of also and can alleviate energy pressure.For a long time, stalk, a branch bavin are the main fuels in the life in the countryside, many with self-built native formula cooking stove as cooking stove; Efficiency of combustion is extremely low, and smoke pollution is serious, and purposes is single; Purposes such as warm a heatable brick bed can not be used to warm oneself; The multiple life that can't satisfy northern peasant household is with the ability needs, and in the area of having ready conditions other energy of employing, peasant household has abandoned this cooking stove mostly.
Summary of the invention
It is the civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove of fuel with biomass straw, branch bavin etc. that the purpose of the utility model provides a kind of; Energy-efficient, the cleanliness without any pollution of this stove; Not only be used for cooking, also have multiple functions such as heating, warm a heatable brick bed, can satisfy northern peasant household heating needs.
The utility model cooking stove comprises body of heater, loading hopper, burner hearth, fire grate, the air inlet of connection blower fan, ash accumulating chamber; The top of burner hearth is provided with gathers burner; The top of gathering burner is brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber, and brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber is provided with and leads to the logical smoke chamber that a heatable brick bed mouth links to each other, and said body of heater and logical smoke chamber outer wall are provided with water jacket; Said air inlet communicates with burner hearth bottom, air inlet simultaneously through the air channel with gather burner and be connected.
The said burner that gathers is provided with air blanketing, and said air channel is connected with the air blanketing that gathers burner, and the inner layer wall portion of air blanketing is evenly distributed with the twice aeration hole.
The logical smoke chamber of said half gasification combustion chamber is provided with the fire blocking plate of scalable aperture.
Said ash accumulating chamber is provided with connect grey tuft that can extract out.
In the utility model cooking stove, can civilian cauldron be placed the suitable for reading of brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber, by adjustable speed fan air feed in burner hearth; Make full combustion of fuel; Through to wind gathering mouth secondary air distribution, play the combustion-supporting effect that puts a chimney on the stove and make the fire draw, a large amount of high-temperature gases gatherings also rise to half gasification combustion chamber; The indoor generation thermal-flame of half gasification, and combustion directly heats cauldron, makes the cooking firepower reach optimal combustion state.Around the body of heater and floss hole position is provided with water leg and water pipe, can absorb body of heater heat and fume afterheat and produce hot water, and hot flue gas can lead to a heatable brick bed heating simultaneously, reduces heat loss, improves the thermal efficiency.It is fuel that this combustion furnace formula kitchen range utilizes stalk, branch etc., sufficient combustion, and the thermal efficiency is high, and not only energy-conservation but also environmental protection has good application prospects.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of this stove formula kitchen range.
Among the figure, 1, body of heater, 2, brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber, 3, loading hopper, 4, air blanketing, 5, the twice aeration hole; 6, fire-resistant mud layer, 7, burner hearth, 8, fire grate, 9, ash accumulating chamber, 10, cleaning door, 11, connect ash tuft; 12, air inlet, 13, blower fan, 14, the air channel, 15, water jacket, 16, fire blocking plate; 17, logical a heatable brick bed mouth, 18, water pipe, 19, logical smoke chamber, 20, cauldron, 21, gather burner.
The specific embodiment
Structure and operation principle below in conjunction with description of drawings the utility model cooking stove.
Like Fig. 1, when the utility model cooking stove uses, in loading hopper 3, add biomass molding fuel, fuel falls in the burner hearth 7 (burner hearth 7 inwalls scribble fire-resistant mud layer 6) through hopper 3 end openings.Light the fuel in the burner hearth 7 with burning things which may cause a fire disaster; Start blower fan 13 adjustment air inlets 11 switches simultaneously; Air gets into burner hearth 7 through fire grate 8, and combustion-supporting bio-fuel burning also produces a large amount of fuel gas, and this gas gets in brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber 2 through gathering burner 21.Gather burner 21 and be provided with air blanketing 4, equally distributed twice aeration hole 5 on the wall of air blanketing 4.Blower fan 13 through air channel 14 with air bubbling air interlayer 4, and by twice aeration hole 5 to gathering burner 21 air feeds, play the combustion-supporting effect of secondary.The fuel gas that accumulates in burner 21 places reaches finite concentration can be lighted, and fully burning under the combustion-supporting effect of secondary air feed.Civilian cauldron 10 is positioned on half gasification combustion chamber 2, and fire blocking plate 16 is holded up, and makes flame upwards gather fire and can be used for cooking.Cooking transfers to level with fire blocking plate 16 after accomplishing, and flame is taken out to logical smoke chamber, and flue gas heat is absorbed by water jacket 15, water pipe 18, is mainly used in heating; The delayed heat flue gas gets into the flue of a kang through logical a heatable brick bed mouth 17, is used for warm a heatable brick bed, and last flue gas passes through flue row to outdoor.The ashes that the fuel afterburnt produces are settled down to ash accumulating chamber 9 through fire grate 8, and being positioned at grey tuft 11 of connecing of ash accumulating chamber 9 can pull out the cleaning lime-ash from cleaning door 9.

Claims (4)

1. civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove; Comprise body of heater, loading hopper, burner hearth, fire grate, the air inlet of connection blower fan, ash accumulating chamber, the top that it is characterized in that burner hearth is provided with gathers burner, and the top of gathering burner is brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber; Brick kitchen range type half gasification combustion chamber is provided with and leads to the logical smoke chamber that a heatable brick bed mouth links to each other; Said body of heater and logical smoke chamber outer wall are provided with water jacket, and said air inlet communicates with burner hearth bottom, air inlet simultaneously through the air channel with gather burner and be connected.
2. civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that the said burner that gathers is provided with air blanketing, and said air channel is connected with the air blanketing that gathers burner, and the inner layer wall portion of air blanketing is evenly distributed with the twice aeration hole.
3. civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stove according to claim 2 is characterized in that being provided with between said half gasification combustion chamber and the logical smoke chamber fire blocking plate of scalable aperture.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described civil heating cooking temperature a heatable brick bed biomass stoves, it is characterized in that said ash accumulating chamber is provided with connect grey tuft that can extract out.
CN2012202928707U 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians Expired - Lifetime CN202630129U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202928707U CN202630129U (en) 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012202928707U CN202630129U (en) 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202630129U true CN202630129U (en) 2012-12-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012202928707U Expired - Lifetime CN202630129U (en) 2012-06-21 2012-06-21 Biomass stove for heating and cooking and heating brick bed for civilians

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202630129U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104235882A (en) * 2013-06-09 2014-12-24 湄潭县志方节能炉具有限责任公司 Energy-efficient heat-insulating air return furnace
CN109028154A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 张振山 A kind of biomass granule fuel integrated cooking stove

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104235882A (en) * 2013-06-09 2014-12-24 湄潭县志方节能炉具有限责任公司 Energy-efficient heat-insulating air return furnace
CN109028154A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 张振山 A kind of biomass granule fuel integrated cooking stove

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Granted publication date: 20121226