CN202777508U - Disaster-prevention escaping cabin - Google Patents

Disaster-prevention escaping cabin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202777508U
CN202777508U CN 201120453646 CN201120453646U CN202777508U CN 202777508 U CN202777508 U CN 202777508U CN 201120453646 CN201120453646 CN 201120453646 CN 201120453646 U CN201120453646 U CN 201120453646U CN 202777508 U CN202777508 U CN 202777508U
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China
Prior art keywords
escape compartment
cabin
escape
compartment
gas
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CN 201120453646
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Chinese (zh)
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洪云飞
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洪云飞
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Publication of CN202777508U publication Critical patent/CN202777508U/en

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Abstract

Disclosed is a disaster-prevention escaping cabin, which employs multi-layer protection technique to ensure that no deformation and rupture occurs and that the original strength and sealing performance can be maintained when the escaping cabin undergoes huge instant impact. The disaster-prevention escaping cabin is characterized by employing a high-strength and sealed rectangular cabin structure which is made of a three-layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel framework, a spring buffer unit, ceramic fiber high-temperature-resistance and heat-insulation materials, high-temperature-resistance sealant and carbon-fiber composite. An automatic disaster monitoring and alarming system, an escaping cabin oxygen guarantee and poison gas and exhaust gas filtration system, an escaping cabin external communication system, an escaping cabin food, water and drug storage system, an escaping cabin garbage storage and disposal system and an escaping cabin enclosed air-exchange system are mainly provided in the escaping cabin. The escaping cabin ensures the human safety when disasters like earthquake, fire hazard, flood, mud-rock flow, tsunami and poison gas leakage occurs.

Description

A kind of escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities
Technical field
The utility model patent relates to the survival equipment in the natural calamity, refers more particularly to the escape of earthquake, fire, flood, mud-rock flow, poison gas leakage disaster, is a kind of Multifunctional disaster prevention escape compartment.
Background technology
At occurring in nature, the natural calamities such as earthquake, fire, flood, mud-rock flow, poison gas leakage are that human being difficult to predicted and escaped, and these disasters have been brought huge disaster to the mankind.Come temporarily when these disasters, the mankind only had tens seconds even reaction time in several seconds, even among people were also sleeping soundly when poison gas leakage accident occurs, the time of so lacking was too of short duration for the mankind that live in the high buildings and large mansions.The poison gas in the fire over the years such as the mud-rock flow of the Tangshan Earthquake of China, Wenchuan violent earthquake, Zhouqu County, the big fire of Shanghai high building, flood, mud-rock flow, chemical plant reveals, and these disasters had all once seized several ten thousand, hundreds of thousands people's life.Facts of life is told us; when disaster is come interim; the mankind do not have too much escape time; except the crowd that low floor is escaped from by sheer good luck; more people only seeks the place of hiding in the extreme fear with in a panic in building; and building originally just unbearably one breaks in face of these huge natural disasters, is difficult to the life security of effective to protect mankind.So, design a kind of these natural disasters come suddenly interim people within several seconds, can enter and effectively the device of to protect mankind life security be necessary.
Escape compartment technology and patented product that some earthquake-proofs, fire-proof have been arranged at present, but these technology and patented product can not the omnibearing life securities of protecting the people in face of current complexity, multifarious natural disaster.Some is the escape compartment of special earthquake-proof, fire-proof; when running into flood, mud-rock flow natural calamity because a little less than the anti-impact force, sealing property is not good; still do not have the effect of protection life; these technology have been found a common weakness after through my research, and that is exactly not consider that all the weight that the disasters such as earthquake, flood, mud-rock flow come interim a large amount of cement floors, megalith etc. to reach easily several tons, tens tons destroys the moment impact of escape compartment shell.We know, the building damage that the disasters such as earthquake, mud-rock flow, flood can cause, and the damage of building can make wall, the cement floor of house, building the escape compartment shell be caused the enormous impact of moment, the impact of this moment up to tens tons is enough to cause the escape compartment casing deformation, breaks, thereby destroy the seal of escape compartment, the people's life that finally makes into is on the hazard.
Summary of the invention
For the problem that exists on the background technology, the purpose of the utility model patent provides a kind of escape compartment technology of taking precautions against natural calamities of multilayer proofing to guarantee that escape compartment is indeformable when being subject to huge moment impact, not break, and keeps original intensity and the escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities of seal.
To achieve these goals, the utility model is realized by the following technical solutions:
A kind of escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities is mainly by escape compartment ground floor shell; The outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment; Spring bumper; Escape compartment distributing gas-bag system, escape compartment second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame; Escape compartment second layer shell; Escape compartment the 3rd floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frame; Escape compartment disaster automatic monitoring warning system; Escape compartment life condition monitoring system; The airtight hatch door of escape compartment; Escape compartment supply of electric power and illuminator; The guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system; The external communication of escape compartment system; Escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system; The storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system, the closed air exchange system of escape compartment, other tool equipment back-up systems of escape compartment form, wherein: spring bumper is installed between ground floor escape compartment shell and the second layer escape compartment shell, is fixed by the outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment and second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame; At the equal mounting spring buffer unit of the up and down six direction of escape compartment cabin body and escape compartment distributing gas-bag system; Fill refractory seals glue between the three floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frames and consist of a closure rectangle cabin body; The airtight hatch door of described escape compartment is comprised of high-temperature resistance carbon fiber skin, ceramic fibre thermal insulation layer, refractory seals glue, high-strength aluminum alloy keel shoe, high-strength aluminium alloy plate material, vacuum heat-insulation sheet material, refractory seals pad, manual keeper, and other establishes clear glass peep hole and enclosing cover; Be equipped with the disaster automatic monitoring warning system in the escape compartment, the guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system, the external communication of escape compartment system, escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system, the storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system, the closed air exchange system of escape compartment.
Escape compartment ground floor shell is made of carbon fiber composite light material (being called for short CFRP), fibrous ceramic insulation, high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame.
A kind of special fibre that carbon fiber mainly is comprised of carbon, its phosphorus content are different and different with kind, generally more than 90%.Carbon fiber has the characteristic of general carbon materials, such as high temperature resistant, rub resistance, conduction, and corrosion-resistant etc., but different from general carbon materials is that its profile has significant anisotropy, softness, can be processed into various fabrics, shows very high intensity along the fiber axis direction.Carbon fiber proportion is little, and therefore very high specific strength is arranged.Be a kind of new material of mechanical property excellence, its proportion is less than 1/4 of steel, and carbon fiber resin composite material tensile strength all more than 3500Mpa, is 7~9 times of steel generally, and tensile modulus of elasticity is that 23000~43000Mpa also is higher than steel.Carbon fiber can be processed into fabric, felt, seat, band, paper and other materials.How carbon fiber joined in the materials such as resin, metal, pottery, concrete as reinforcing material except as the heat-insulating material during tradition was used, and consisted of composite.The carbon fiber reinforced composite can be used as the health substitute materials such as aircraft construction material, artificial ligament and for the manufacture of rocket envelope, power ship, industrial robot, leaf springs of car and driving shaft etc.Carbon fiber has following superior feature:
1, high strength (be iron and steel 5 times)
2, outstanding heat resistance (can tolerate the high temperature more than 2000 ℃)
3, outstanding thermal-shock resistance
4, low thermal coefficient of expansion (deflection is little)
5, thermal capacity little (energy-conservation)
6, proportion little (steel 1/5)
7, outstanding anticorrosive and radiance
Adopt the reason of carbon fiber composite light material (being called for short CFRP) to be above these significant advantages.Data acknowledgement, space shuttle the opportunity of getting through the earth's atmosphere external table hot face temperature 1260 the degree about, and generally apartment, resident house suffer the maximum temperature of fire about 850 degree, Shanghai 11.15 fire incidents at that time on-the-spot fire temperature adopt carbon fiber composite light material (being called for short CFRP) can easily withstand the high temperature of degree more than 800 about 800 degree so.
Ceramic fibre is a kind of fibrous light refractory material, have lightweight, high temperature resistant, Heat stability is good, thermal conductivity is low, specific heat is little and the advantage such as anti-mechanical shock, thereby all be widely used in industries such as machinery, metallurgy, chemical industry, oil, pottery, glass, electronics, data show, that ceramic fibre has is high temperature resistant, heat insulation, high-flexibility, high-strength anti-tear pulling, can random molding.Ceramic fibre is attached to the back of carbon fiber layer, is mainly used to heat insulationly, and itself is high temperature resistant to reach 1600 degree, can effectively stop the high temperature of scene of fire to the body radiation of escape compartment second layer cabin, guarantees that the temperature in the escape compartment remains on about 30 degree.
The high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame is mainly used to provide for escape compartment ground floor shell the frame supported of sufficient intensity, when running into fire, there is the protection of ground floor can be to guarantee the personnel's life security in the cabin, completely seal has namely been accomplished in simultaneously ground floor protection, can prevent effectively that all kinds of pernicious gases such as poison gas leakage, flood, mud-rock flow, tsunami from threatening the life of personnel in the cabin.
Spring bumper is installed between ground floor escape compartment shell and the second layer escape compartment shell, is fixed by the outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment and second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame.Up and down six direction at escape compartment cabin body has installation, 30 centimetres of the spring bumpers of each aspect, unidirectional like this instant impact can be digested and assimilated 70% of impulsive force with regard to there being the two-layer spring bumper that amounts to 60 centimetres to decay.
Spring is a kind of machine components that utilize elasticity to come work.Generally make with spring steel.Impact or shake, store up the size of energy, ergometry etc. in order to motion, the mitigation of controlling parts, be widely used in machine, the instrument.The kind complexity of spring is various, divides by shape, mainly contains helical spring, scroll spring, flat spring etc.Compress Spring is the helical spring that bears to pressure, it is circular that its used material section mostly is, also useful rectangle and multiply steel are entangled and are rolled, spring is generally equal pitch, the shape of Compress Spring has: cylindrical, conical, camber and middle concave and a small amount of non-circular etc., between the circle of Compress Spring and the circle certain gap is arranged, the spring contraction distortion stores deformation energy when being subject to external applied load.The art of this patent adopts the compressibility spring.
The high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame adopts high strength aviation aluminum alloy material 7075,7075 to belong to the aviation extra super duralumin alloy, mainly contains the zinc element, it is the magnalium pltine, be heat-treatable alloy, belong to extra super duralumin alloy, have high strength and good wearability is arranged.7075 aluminium sheets are through eliminating stress, and can not be out of shape after the processing, warpage.The super 7075 thick aluminium sheets of all super larges can guarantee without sand holes, impurity that all through ultrasonic listening main feature is that hardness is large.The 7075th, high rigidity, high-intensity aluminium alloy are usually used in making aircaft configuration.Physical characteristic: tensile strength 524Mpa, 0.2% yield strength 455Mpa: percentage elongation 11%, elastic modulus E/Gpa:71, hardness 150HB, density: 2810.
Escape compartment disaster early warning system is comprised of micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning system and fire, pernicious gas automatic monitoring warning system.
The micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning system adopts the up-to-date patented technology micro-vibration earthquake Alarm of China.The vibration mode of general earthquake has three kinds, and one is that transverse horizontal is rocked, and the 2nd, up and down extensional vibration, three is two kinds of mixing.This micro-vibration earthquake Alarm all can accurately and timely be reported to the police to felt earthquake more than three grades.Rock on ground when earthquake, and meeting be detected immediately by earthquake Alarm and at once by audio alert, the personnel that inform enter escape compartment at once.Related data proves, usually the earthquake centre did not also reach the top of earthquake degree within 10 seconds, if at the very first time and alarm, personnel enter rapidly escape compartment and close hatch door, life has namely had guarantee, so that the instant alerts personnel in initial a few second that earthquake occurs make reflection is most important at once.
Fire monitoring alarm adopts the microcontroller Based Fire Alarm system, is used for the fire detection and alarm of escape compartment surrounding enviroment.It is take the MCS-51 series monolithic AT89C51 of Intel Company as core, adopt smoke sensor and temperature sensor that unusual condition is carried out the multi-angle monitoring, report to the police by the acoustooptic alarm system of special use, this system sensitivity is high, reaction speed is fast, and intelligent degree is high.
Pernicious gas automatic monitoring warning technology is ripe in China, technology and product are a lot, basic principle is by air-sensitive induction original paper all kinds of pernicious gases to be monitored, and give the alarm by auxiliary circuit, can monitor accurately and alarm pernicious gases such as carbon monoxide, coal gas, alcohol, hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide.
The airtight hatch door of escape compartment is comprised of high-temperature resistance carbon fiber skin, ceramic fibre thermal insulation layer, refractory seals glue, high-strength aluminum alloy keel shoe, high-strength aluminium alloy plate material, vacuum heat-insulation sheet material, refractory seals pad, handle etc., in addition thermostable transparent glass peephole, disaster automatic monitoring warning inductor, escape compartment air inlet-outlet pipe, be respectively equipped with high strength, high temperature resistant, complete hermetic enclosing cover, can be by the manually opened enclosing cover of closing in the cabin.
Escape compartment life condition monitoring system is comprised of the pernicious gas content detectors such as oxygen, carbon monoxide, temperature and humidity measure display unit.
The escape compartment electric power supply system is comprised of the non-maintaining lithium ion battery group of large capacity, charge controller, be electrically connected with the city at ordinary times, keep at any time charged state, be furnished with a power inverter, with converting direct-current power into alternating-current power, can provide power for each electronic system in the cabin.Is furnished with the LED illuminating lamp, for illumination is provided in the cabin.Be equipped with in addition the hand power device, when exhaustion of the accumulators electric power, provide electric power for communication apparatus.
The guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system are comprised of medical oxygen cylinder, medium-sized oxygenerator, oxygenerator running stores, the small-sized poison gas of mine escape compartment, gas filtration system, the waste gas purification that pernicious gas in the cabin and personnel can be breathed generation filters, reuse, thereby greatly reduce the consumption of oxygen in the cabin, prolong personnel's life span.
The external communication of escape compartment system is comprised of the high-performance refractory metal antenna, mobile phone signal amplifier, smart mobile phone, citizens' radio band intercom, radio station, the radio that run through the cabin body.
Escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system are comprised of various types of compact food, mineral water, pure water, spirulina, each similar drug, dressings.
The storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system are comprised of storage tank, polybag etc., can collect personnel's excreta and enclosed storage, with air in the anti-pollution cabin.Seal the packing processing after in addition house refuse being put into polybag.
Formed by air inlet pipe and blast pipe and fan, belong at ordinary times closed and sealed state, only have as personnel in the cabin and confirm to open in the situation of air inlet system and exhaust system safety just by manually enabling, thereby the life span of prolongation personnel in the cabin waits for rescue.
Other tool equipment back-up systems of escape compartment are by forming with the fixed seat of safety belt, toxic gas filtration face shield, oxygen breathing mask, exposure suit, self-helping tool etc.
The utility model patent escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities has the following advantages with respect to present other similar technology:
1, wider to the protective range of natural disaster; common escape compartment major part is for earthquake, fire design; and present technique can not only be protected the personnel that enter escape compartment in earthquake, fire, can both protect personal security simultaneously in face of flood, mud-rock flow, tsunami, the various pernicious gas leakages in chemical plant, the attack of terrorism, blast, nuclear radiation disaster.
2, increased more effective buffer protection layer than common escape compartment, adopted the spring buffer technological assimilation to absorb the enormous impact power of moment, installed three floor height strength aluminium alloy keel and reinforce, protection effect is better.
3, increase air filtering system in the cabin, used the mine air filter, can reuse after making the filtration of personnel's Exhaled gasesS, greatly prolonged the life span of personnel in the cabin.
4, increased the disaster automatic monitoring and alarming system, this system can automatically monitor and reports to the police disasters such as earthquake, poison gas leakage, fire, closes hatch door and has won the valuable time near personnel in time enter escape compartment.
The utility model has not only adopted present state-of-the-art high-intensity aluminium alloy aeronautical material to escape compartment cabin body; also installed carbon fiber composite light material (being called for short CFRP) additional at escape compartment cabin volume surrounding; the ceramic fibre high temperature resistant heat insulation material; spring bumper and three floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frames; the impulsive force of moment absorbed subdue; so just greatly reduced escape compartment great vibrations and impact; also protected the equipment of each survival system in escape compartment cabin body itself and the cabin injury-free; finally make the people who enters escape compartment that safe life condition is arranged, ensure the safety of human life; wait for rescue.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Among the figure: 1, escape compartment ground floor shell, the outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment; 2, spring bumper; 3, escape compartment distributing gas-bag system; 4, escape compartment second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame, escape compartment second layer shell; 5, escape compartment the 3rd floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frame and shell; 6, the escape compartment personnel that take refuge; 7, escape compartment air admission hole; 8, escape compartment clear glass peep hole and enclosing cover; 9, escape compartment venthole; 10, escape compartment disaster automatic monitoring warning system; 11, the airtight hatch door manually operated door of escape compartment bolt; 12, escape compartment cutfit case; 13, the reserve tanks such as escape compartment medicine, food, water; 14, the guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system; 15, escape compartment oxygen supply system; 16, the external communication of escape compartment system, 17, the storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system, the closed air exchange system of escape compartment; 18, escape compartment disaster automatic monitoring warning and life condition monitoring system; 19, the airtight hatch door of escape compartment; 20, escape compartment supply of electric power and illuminator; 21, ac power cord; 22, refractory metal antenna and signal amplifier.
The specific embodiment
Illustrated by Fig. 1, the utility model escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities adopts the moulding of cuboid fillet, and size can be held 3 to 5 people about 1.8 meters of high 2.5 meters, long 3 meters, thickness.Most of high temperature resistant, high-strength material of Aero-Space that adopts, good airproof performance, manufacturing process is meticulous, each life support detection system is stable, compatible function admirable, operate steadily, can guarantee in the situation of severe impact, concussion, rolling, weight, high temperature, poison gas infringement, fully water logging, to guarantee the inside personnel's life security.
The carbon fiber composite light material that escape compartment ground floor shell employing 1.5CM is thick (being called for short CFRP), the thick high-strength aluminium alloy plate material of fibrous ceramic insulation, 1CM and the thick high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of 8CM that 1.5CM is thick form, carbon fiber composite light material and fibrous ceramic insulation are adhesively fixed with high-temperature-resistant adhesive, fix with high-strength aluminum alloy dragon sheet material and keel frame afterwards.
The outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment adopts the symmetrical moulding of X-type to strengthen impact resistance.The high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame adopts the thick high strength aviation aluminum alloy material 7075 of 8CM, and main feature is that hardness is large and high temperature resistant.Physical characteristic: tensile strength 524Mpa, 0.2% yield strength 455Mpa: percentage elongation 11%, elastic modulus E/Gpa:71, hardness 150HB, density: 2810.
The Compress Spring that spring bumper adopts the U.S. to produce industrial excess load weight is made, and model is SB40, separately 4 tons of load-bearing of internal diameter 6CM, high 30CM, each spring, and the total usage quantity can increase and decrease according to the concrete size of escape compartment about 120.Each spring is made base with high-strength aluminum alloy, is embedded between the 2 floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frames.
Escape compartment distributing gas-bag system, probably have about 70, adopt the thick ceramic fibre of 0.5CM to make growth 50CM, the pressure bladder of the long tubular of diameter 15CM, the inside is full of air, is placed between the space between spring and the spring, and its effect is the buoyancy that increases escape compartment when running into flood, tsunami, mud-rock flow natural calamity, even indivedual air bags are destroyed, other air bags still can play a role.Air bag itself has ceramic fibre to make, and is high temperature resistant, and pliability is extremely strong.
Escape compartment second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame adopts the thick plate cutting of 3CM to become the wide section bar of 10CM to process, and adopts the symmetrical moulding of X-type.
Escape compartment second layer shell adopts the thick carbon fiber composite light material of 2.5CM (being called for short CFRP); 3.5CM thick fibrous ceramic insulation; high-temperature-resistant adhesive; the thick vacuum insulation panel of 5CM; the thick heat-insulation blanket of 5CM; the thick high-strength aluminium alloy plate material of 3CM; the thick high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of 3CM forms; carbon fiber composite light material and fibrous ceramic insulation; vacuum insulation panel is adhesively fixed with high-temperature-resistant adhesive; afterwards with chimeric the forming of high-strength aluminium alloy plate material high-strength aluminum alloy bone framework; have high temperature resistant; anti-high impact forces; sealing; the effect of isolated heat; avoid ground floor escape compartment shell in the situation that part is damaged under the enormous impact power bump; enough intensity and resistance to elevated temperatures and good sealing property are arranged, and the personnel in disaster in the protection cabin do not have life danger.Even in the situations up to 800 degree of temperature out of my cabin, the temperature the cabin in is no more than Celsius 30 and spends.
Escape compartment the 3rd floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frame adopts the thick plate cutting of 3CM to become the wide section bar of 10cM to process, and adopts the symmetrical moulding of X-type.
Escape compartment disaster early warning system of escape compartment disaster early warning system is comprised of micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning system and fire, pernicious gas automatic monitoring warning system.Importantly each inductor of early warning system is installed in the small-bore aluminium-alloy pipe that seals on the hatch door, this aluminium-alloy pipe diameter is 5CM, the outside is provided with crashproof aluminium alloy joist and with the aluminium alloy enclosing cover in aperture, enclosing cover thickness is 6CM, the enclosing cover internal layer is provided with sealing gasket and manual capping bolt, personnel enter escape compartment when disaster occurs, and close hatch door, monitor a mouthful enclosing cover in the escape compartment the inside by manual-lock afterwards.Being at ordinary times opening monitors surrounding enviroment.In addition, be provided with high temperature resistant, the high-strength transparence glass peephole of a diameter 20CM at escape compartment sealing hatch door, the thick 10CM of glass, can be high temperature resistant 800 degree, be installed on the hatch door by the refractory seals pad, the enclosing cover that the useful carbon fiber in peephole outside, ceramic fibre, high-strength aluminum alloy are made into, by manually can be in the cabin opening and closing peep hole enclosing cover, be at ordinary times closed condition, only can open later enclosing cover observation escape compartment peripheral situations in disaster.
The micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning system adopts the up-to-date patented technology micro-vibration earthquake Alarm of China.This micro-vibration earthquake Alarm all can accurately and timely be reported to the police to felt earthquake more than three grades.Rock on ground when earthquake, and meeting be detected immediately by earthquake Alarm and at once by audio alert, the personnel that inform enter escape compartment at once.
Fire monitoring alarm adopts the microcontroller Based Fire Alarm system, is used for the fire detection and alarm of escape compartment surrounding enviroment.Adopting the MCS-51 series monolithic AT89C51 of Intel Company is core, by smoke sensor and temperature sensor unusual condition is carried out the multi-angle monitoring, report to the police by the acoustooptic alarm system of special use, this system sensitivity is high, reaction speed is fast, and intelligent degree is high.
Micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning system and fire, pernicious gas automatic monitoring warning system are electrically connected respectively with the escape compartment electric power supply system, work alone.
The airtight hatch door of escape compartment is made by the thick thick vacuum heat-insulation sheet material of high-strength aluminium alloy plate material, 10CM, the thick refractory seals rubber cushion of 3CM, the thick high-strength aluminum alloy keel shoe of 3CM, the rotary high-strength aluminum alloy handle of the thick high-temperature resistance carbon fiber of the thick high-strength aluminum alloy outer framework of 3CM, 5CM ceramic fibre thermal insulation layer, high-temperature-resistant adhesive, 3CM outer, that 5CM is thick.Hatch door is positioned at the middle of escape compartment, big or small wide 65CM, high 80CM, thick 29CM.The escape hatch door is not established the buffer spring device.
Escape compartment life condition monitoring system is by pernicious gas content automatic monitoring warning devices such as oxygen, carbon monoxide, and temperature, humidity detection display unit form.Adopting the QM-N5 gas sensor is main automatic monitoring warning equipment, and the gases such as oxygen, carbon monoxide are automatically monitored and shown data.Temperature, the industrial temperature of humidity detection equipment choosing, humidity detection display device, these equipment are electrically connected with the escape compartment electric power supply system successively, work alone.
Escape compartment supply of electric power and illuminator adopt 8 efficient lithium ion batteries to form array, be electrically connected with the city by automatic charging controllor, keep at any time charged state, auto-breaking after electricity is sufficient uses converting direct-current power into alternating-current power altogether by inverter to each system.Be equipped with simultaneously one group of LED illuminating lamp, 12v hand generator of reserve can charge for civilian intercom, smart mobile phone in the communication system in the situation that battery power runs out of in addition.
The guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system adopt 2 bottles of large capacity oxygen cylinders as deposit, specifically increase in advance deposit according to personnel's situation, guarantee can use about 20 days.Be equipped with simultaneously Domestic oxygen erator and running stores, in order to using totally the time at the oxygen cylinder oxygen expenditure; Be equipped with in addition the small-sized poison gas, the waste gas purification apparatus that use in the mine disaster, the carbon dioxide of the pernicious gas in the cabin and human body respiration generation is filtered.Equipment is connected with the escape compartment electric power supply system, works alone.
The external communication of escape compartment system is by the high-performance refractory metal antenna that runs through the cabin body, the refractory metal antenna is established 3 altogether, and every long 80CM stretches out outside the escape compartment, covering in the ground floor shell, guaranteeing that escape compartment has the communication signal of sufficient intensity in the situation of shielding.Device one overlaps high-power mobile phone signal amplifier in the cabin, and links to each other with the refractory metal antenna, and the mobile phone signal of sufficient intensity has just been arranged in the cabin like this.One of smart mobile phone of outfit, supporting battery, charger, charging are transferred first-class some, guarantee by smart mobile phone UNICOM internet, make a phone call, send short messages.Be equipped with one of citizens' radio band intercom, charger, antenna adapter one cover, and be connected with the refractory metal antenna, guarantee can get in touch with the civilian intercom in the external world in the cabin, civilian intercom open frequency range has 409 sections, 462 sections, 467 sections, following 409 sections of usable frequency.The frequency of domestic opening is as follows:
Be equipped with one of radio station, power supply, antenna adapter one cover, can transfer with the refractory metal antenna, radio station uses citizens' radio band, citizens' radio band can be used 160M frequency range (1.80-2.00MHz), 2M frequency range (144.00-148.00MHz), pre-sets the normal contact that works of going forward side by side of all frequency ranges.One of all-wave receiver of outfit, antenna adapter one overlap, reserve battery is some, can in time obtain the news that rear relevant radio station occurs disaster.
Escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system by various types of compact food for example ship biscuit, dried beef, chocolate, dehydrated vegetables, spirulina, mineral water, pure water, salt, white sugar, each similar drug wrapping hemostasis articles for use form, concrete kind and number of users oneself can be equipped with as the case may be.
The storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system are comprised of the storage tank that can seal, polybag etc., can collect personnel's excreta enclosed storage, with air in the anti-pollution cabin.Pack after in addition house refuse being put into polybag.
The closed air exchange system of escape compartment adopts the high intensity aluminium alloy pipe of 2 diameter 3CM to make, run through by fire resistant aluminum alloy firm banking, high-temperature-resistant adhesive and high temperature resistant rubber cushion and to be embedded in position, the escape compartment airtight hatch door left and right sides, be provided with bolt and refractory seals pad in the piston type in the pipe, thickness is identical with the closed cabin thickness gate, and rotary fan is housed in the cabin.2 aluminium-alloy pipes are responsible for respectively air inlet and exhaust, and corresponding with the intake and exhaust fan, air inlet-outlet pipe is separately positioned on the both sides of door, be responsible for respectively air inlet and exhaust, need manual confirmation to extract bolt in the pipe inner carrier formula out during use, rotary fan is to nozzle position, power-on.Air exchange system can be after the disasters such as earthquake, flood, wait for rescue confirm in the process that escape compartment is in security context or the situation of keeping afloat under use, be used with the disaster automatic monitoring and alarming system.
Other tool equipment back-up systems of escape compartment are by fixed seat, toxic gas filtration face shield, oxygen breathing mask, anti-nuclear radiation clothes, combination tool, self-helping tool with safety belt, the compositions such as electrical maintenance instrument, the user can be equipped with according to the concrete needs of oneself.
Each electronic equipment is connected separately with electric power supply system respectively in the cabin, works alone.Each electronic equipment all is installed in the special vacancy of the escape compartment inwall space out, in complete hermetic situation, install separately in addition, and all at installation position reload buffer pad, in order to avoid acutely roll and rock electronic equipment is exerted an influence, can not destroy because of electronic equipment the seal of escape compartment simultaneously.And oxygen cylinder, lithium ion battery group, food, water, instrument etc. all install at the special freight space with cushion pad, fixes with the colloidality bandage, and be provided with closing door at skin.Bulkhead all is coated with cushion pad in the cabin, namely runs into rolling situation injury human body in order to avoid personnel hastily enter escape compartment, with the fixed seat of timer 5 covers with safety belt, is used for fixing personnel.Even escape compartment 360 degree rollings can not allow personnel's life come to harm yet.Also dispose 5 cover toxic gas filtration face shields and 5 cover oxygen breathing masks in the cabin, in order to avoid use in the situation of the excessive anoxic of poison gas in the cabin.
The technical solution of the utility model is for earthquake, fire, flood, mud-rock flow, tsunami, escape in the disasters such as poison gas leakage designs, intensity with superelevation can be withstood moment more than 30 ton impulsive force, long-term load-bearing pressure can reach 200 tons, high temperature resistant 1600 degree that reach, complete airtight cabin body, life condition monitoring safeguards system completely, the distinguishing features such as external communication system, it is a kind of Multifunctional disaster prevention escape compartment, can guarantee to enter the people of escape compartment in earthquake, fire, flood, mud-rock flow, tsunami, lived 20 days at most in the situation that the disasters such as poison gas leakage are arrived, enough wait until disaster in the past and the arrival of rescue.
The utility model patent take precautions against natural calamities escape compartment advanced technology, meticulous, the dependable performance of manufacture craft.Material therefor at present domestic major part can use; adopt aviation and wide, the automatic detecting/monitoring warning system of state-of-the-art disaster and thorough life-support systems; can in face of major natural disasters, guarantee to enter escape compartment personnel's life security; be present China disaster hotspots resident, the clerical workforce survival equipment of effectively taking refuge, manufacturing cost is moderate, technical difficulty is moderate, suitability for scale production is promoted.

Claims (2)

1. escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities, mainly by the escape compartment shell, escape compartment high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame, spring bumper, escape compartment distributing gas-bag system, escape compartment disaster automatic monitoring warning system, escape compartment life condition monitoring system, the airtight hatch door of escape compartment, escape compartment supply of electric power and illuminator, escape compartment oxygen ensures, poison gas, gas filtration system, the external communication of escape compartment system, escape compartment food, water, the medicine stocking system, the storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system, the closed air exchange system of escape compartment, other tool equipment back-up systems of escape compartment form, and it is characterized in that: spring bumper is installed between ground floor escape compartment shell and the second layer escape compartment shell, are fixed by the outer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame of escape compartment and second layer high-strength aluminum alloy keel frame; At the equal mounting spring buffer unit of the up and down six direction of escape compartment cabin body and escape compartment distributing gas-bag system; Fill refractory seals glue between the three floor height strength aluminium alloy keel frames and consist of a closure rectangle cabin body; The airtight hatch door of described escape compartment is comprised of high-temperature resistance carbon fiber skin, ceramic fibre thermal insulation layer, refractory seals glue, high-strength aluminum alloy keel shoe, high-strength aluminium alloy plate material, vacuum heat-insulation sheet material, refractory seals pad, manual keeper, and other establishes clear glass peep hole and enclosing cover; Be equipped with the disaster automatic monitoring warning system in the escape compartment, the guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system, the external communication of escape compartment system, escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system, the storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system, the closed air exchange system of escape compartment.
2. the escape compartment of taking precautions against natural calamities according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described disaster automatic monitoring warning system is that micro-earthquakes automatic monitoring warning device and fire, pernicious gas automatic monitoring warning system form;
Fire monitoring alarm adopts the microcontroller Based Fire Alarm system; The guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system are monitored all kinds of pernicious gases by built-in air-sensitive induction original paper, and give the alarm by auxiliary circuit, can monitor accurately and alarm pernicious gas; Escape compartment life condition monitoring system is comprised of the pernicious gas content detectors such as oxygen, carbon monoxide, temperature and humidity measure display unit; The escape compartment electric power supply system is comprised of the non-maintaining lithium ion battery group of large capacity, charge controller; The guarantee of escape compartment oxygen, poison gas, gas filtration system are comprised of medical oxygen cylinder, medium-sized oxygenerator, oxygenerator running stores, the small-sized poison gas of mine escape compartment, gas filtration system; The external communication of escape compartment system is comprised of the high-performance refractory metal antenna, mobile phone signal amplifier, smart mobile phone, citizens' radio band intercom, radio station, the radio that run through the cabin body; Escape compartment food, water, medicine stocking system are comprised of various types of compact food, mineral water, pure water, spirulina, each similar drug, dressings; The storage of escape compartment rubbish, treatment system are comprised of storage tank, polybag; The enclosed air exchange system of escape compartment is comprised of air inlet pipe and blast pipe and fan; Other tool equipment back-up systems of escape compartment are comprised of fixed seat, toxic gas filtration face shield, oxygen breathing mask, exposure suit, the self-helping tool with safety belt.
CN 201120453646 2011-11-08 2011-11-08 Disaster-prevention escaping cabin CN202777508U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103352628A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-16 张育王 Multifunctional life safety box
CN104587623A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 汤正云 Emergency refuge cabin
CN105201258A (en) * 2015-10-16 2015-12-30 魏嘉 Movable modularized antiaircraft, explosion-proof, and anti-nucleation bio-protection unit cabin
CN105225405A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-06 成都玩者天下网络技术有限公司 A kind of Smart Home protection system be applied to when disaster occurs
CN105310291A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 田彦恒 Household intelligent furniture for work
CN106924906A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 中国科学院过程工程研究所 A kind of family expenses escape capsule
CN107198844A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-26 安徽钟南防化科技有限公司 Emergency survival cabinet
CN108144210A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-12 中合国际知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of fire rescue capsule
CN110005227A (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-07-12 上海腾功机械设备有限公司 A kind of multi-function emergency cabin
CN110080593A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-02 大唐东营发电有限公司 A kind of thermal power generation station-service explosion evacuation safety room

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103352628A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-10-16 张育王 Multifunctional life safety box
CN105310291A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 田彦恒 Household intelligent furniture for work
CN104587623A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 汤正云 Emergency refuge cabin
CN105225405A (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-01-06 成都玩者天下网络技术有限公司 A kind of Smart Home protection system be applied to when disaster occurs
CN105201258A (en) * 2015-10-16 2015-12-30 魏嘉 Movable modularized antiaircraft, explosion-proof, and anti-nucleation bio-protection unit cabin
CN106924906A (en) * 2015-12-30 2017-07-07 中国科学院过程工程研究所 A kind of family expenses escape capsule
CN107198844A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-09-26 安徽钟南防化科技有限公司 Emergency survival cabinet
CN108144210A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-12 中合国际知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of fire rescue capsule
CN110005227A (en) * 2019-03-11 2019-07-12 上海腾功机械设备有限公司 A kind of multi-function emergency cabin
CN110080593A (en) * 2019-05-16 2019-08-02 大唐东营发电有限公司 A kind of thermal power generation station-service explosion evacuation safety room

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