CN101545380A - Mine refuge cabin - Google Patents

Mine refuge cabin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101545380A
CN101545380A CN200810010796A CN200810010796A CN101545380A CN 101545380 A CN101545380 A CN 101545380A CN 200810010796 A CN200810010796 A CN 200810010796A CN 200810010796 A CN200810010796 A CN 200810010796A CN 101545380 A CN101545380 A CN 101545380A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabin
mine refuge
refuge
mine
rescue
Prior art date
Application number
CN200810010796A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李勇
赵春雨
陈兴宝
林丽
丁少华
梁鸿雁
尹力
白海城
Original Assignee
三一重型装备有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by 三一重型装备有限公司 filed Critical 三一重型装备有限公司
Priority to CN200810010796A priority Critical patent/CN101545380A/en
Publication of CN101545380A publication Critical patent/CN101545380A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a mine refuge cabin, which is characterized in that the refuge cabin comprises a cabin body, an oxygen auto-generation device, a temperature-reducing device, a carbon-removing air-purifying device and a dehumidification device, wherein the cabin body has a steel structure with enough strength to resist underground pressure and a space for holding a plurality of people; the oxygen auto-generation device is arranged in the cabin body and generates oxygen in a chemical way; the temperature-reducing device has a cooling water pipe and a spray water pipe which are arranged on a bottom and a top outside the cabin body respectively; the carbon-removing air-purifying device is arranged in the cabin body and is used for absorbing carbon dioxide in the cabin body and simultaneously absorbing carbon monoxide and methane gas in the cabin; and the dehumidification device is arranged in the cabin body and adopts a physical way to absorb humidity in the cabin body. The refuge cabin is like an underground life cabin, and when mine disasters occur, people can enter the refuge cabin fast to wait for rescue. The refuge cabin has the advantages of gaining precious time for rescue, ensuring that ten people can normally live for more than seven days in the cabin, effectively protecting the life safety of underground personnel, ensuring that miners can reduce casualties to the utmost extent through self rescue and providing convenience for rescue.

Description

A kind of mine refuge cabin

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of mining safety protection equipment, specifically a kind of mine refuge cabin that is applied under the various mines.

Background technology

At present, the coal reserves of China is about about hundred million tons, occupy the third place in the world, coal will can not change in the quite long period of history as the status of main energy sources, under condition of market economy, in order to pursue coal mining enterprise's economic benefit, the development of guarantee business stability, just have to safety is gived top priority, in simple terms, safety itself is exactly the greatest benefit in colliery.The China's coal-mine secure context is external relatively serious backward at present, the coal mining accident rate is higher, mainly is subjected to domestic life saving system and high-tech to use the restriction that falls behind, and makes coal mine production safety management work effect not satisfactory, the Safety of Coal Mine Production situation is very severe, and coal mining accident frequently takes place.Over the years, accidents such as gas explosion, permeable, roof fall frequently take place, destructive power is big, mine disaster took place within the short time of back, because the external rescue measure can't in time launch, the poisoning that is brought by mine disaster under the mine, suffocate, drown etc. has constituted the biggest threat to the miner, still has every year six or seven thousand people dead because of coal mining accident.Down-hole of today lifesaving appliance can't solve the mine disaster safety problem fully, carves at this moment, if the down-hole refuge cabin can be introduced to the market, no matter be that economic benefit or social benefit will be immeasurable.

Summary of the invention

At the mine safety story that exists in the prior art phenomenon that takes place frequently, the problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of mine refuge cabin of the miner's of raising life security coefficient.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

The present invention includes: the cabin body, be steel work, have the space that is enough to resist the intensity of down-hole pressure and holds several people; Spontaneous oxygen device is located in the body of cabin, produces oxygen by chemical mode; Heat sink has cooling water pipe and spray header, is located at external bottom, cabin and top respectively; De-carbon and air cleaning unit are located in the body of cabin, are used to absorb the carbon dioxide in the body of cabin, absorb carbon monoxide and methane gas in the cabin simultaneously; Dehydrating unit is located in the body of cabin, adopts physics mode to absorb the interior moisture of cabin body.

Described heat sink also comprises cold-producing medium, is located in the body of cabin, and adopting the low capacity electric energy to keep cold-producing medium under the normal condition is solid state, after the generation mine disaster has a power failure, lowers the temperature by melting heat absorbing mode; Described cabin body inner surface has isolation layer and/or external surface has fluorescent paint; Described cabin body is provided with emergency escape door and/or observation port; Body top, described cabin is provided with suspension ring and/or the side is provided with tow lug; Described cabin body is provided with scupper valve, water inlet valve and air intake valve, and wherein water inlet valve links to each other with the water source, down-hole, and the air intake valve is connected with the compressed air piping of down-hole compressed-air system; Described cabin body is provided with cabin internal gas pressure safety valve and/or stop valve; Be provided with tool box, medical case and/or food-box in the body of described cabin; Be provided with power supply in the body of described cabin, link to each other with down-hole power, and standby battery; Be provided with communicator in the body of described cabin, link to each other with aboveground communication equipment; Also have gas concentration and temperature-detecting device, it is inner and outside to be located at the cabin body respectively, is used to detect in the cabin and environmental change situation out of my cabin, and shows by the display screen of being located in the body of cabin; Also have camera, be located at the cabin external body, by being located at the display screen display video signal in the body of cabin; Also be provided with illuminating lamp, audible-visual annunciator and fire extinguisher in the body of cabin; Also be provided with the excreta collection container in the body of cabin.

The present invention has following beneficial effect and advantage:

1. the function of saving oneself, take refuge is strong.Mine refuge cabin of the present invention is as like the next life cabin of well; it is heat insulation totally-enclosed system; its function meets the actual requirement of present mine disaster fully; entering refuge cabin fast when mine disaster takes place waits for rescue; for the quality time is won in rescue; the present invention provides the various facilities of saving oneself simultaneously; as consider to breathe; environment temperature; humidity; air purification and video; communication; report to the police; medical treatment etc.; when mine disaster takes place; can guarantee that 10 people normal life inside is more than 7 days; effectively personnel's life security under the protection ore deposit can allow the miner by saving oneself, and reduces casualties to greatest extent.

2. in safe and reliable, convenient rescue.Cabin of the present invention body is hard, shock resistance, waterproof, explosion-proof, removable.Be provided with explosion-proof special glass visual window, globality is strong, and the outside is provided with suspension hook and draw hook, can directly carry additionally haulage cable or lifting when giving first aid in the external world, and the outside scribbles fluorescent paint, mainly is to be easy to find.

3. applied widely.This refuge cabin is not only applicable to the colliery, can also be applicable to other ore deposit, and demand is very big, and development trend and prospect are very considerable.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the frontal appearance schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the internal construction schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the rear portion schematic appearance of apparatus of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Mine refuge cabin of the present invention is (as gas explosion, permeable, roof fall etc.) when mine disaster takes place, and the personnel of taking refuge can enter refuge cabin fast and wait for rescue, and with protection life, for the quality time is won in rescue, reduce casualties.Refuge cabin is heat insulation totally-enclosed system as like the next life cabin of well.Its cabin body is a steel work, and present embodiment adopts the thick steel plate of 10mm, and yield strength can reach 600-700Mpa, and crushing resistance is better.An isolation layer is set on the steel work surface, the composite material high-temperature resistance adhesive is passed through with isolation layer in the steel work surface, instantaneous heat insulation 1200 ℃, it is heat insulation below 200 ℃ to continue 24h, guarantee that temperature is less than 30 ℃ in the cabin, the steel work surface brush becomes fluorescent paint, mainly makes things convenient for the miner to escape and rescue is easy to find.

Shown in Fig. 1~3, be provided with spontaneous oxygen device 12 in the body of cabin of the present invention, can produce oxygen; Heat sink has cooling water pipe and spray header 2, is located at external bottom, cabin and top respectively, comprise cold-producing medium in addition, adopting the low capacity electric energy to keep cold-producing medium at ordinary times is solid state, after mine disaster takes place, do not had electric energy, it is lowered the temperature by melting heat absorbing mode; De-carbon and air cleaning unit, be located in the body of cabin, be used to absorb carbon dioxide and moisture in the body of cabin, absorbing toxic and harmful such as carbon monoxide in the body of cabin, methane and peculiar smell, to discharge the cabin external, utilization is located at exhaust fan in the body of cabin and is made that gas constitutes circulation then in the cabin in, and is more abundant by de-carbon and air cleaning unit absorption again; Dehydrating unit is located in the body of cabin, is solid, is used to absorb the moisture in the body of cabin.

Described cabin body is provided with emergency escape door 18, offers an observation port 19 on it, adopts explosion-proof special glass; Described cabin body is provided with scupper valve 5, water inlet valve 22 and air intake valve 23, wherein water inlet valve 22 links to each other with the water source, down-hole, air intake valve 23 is connected with the down-hole compressed-air system, also be provided with cabin internal gas pressure safety valve 4 and/or stop valve 20 on the body of cabin, when the cabin internal gas pressure reaches 1.5 atmospheric pressure, cabin internal gas pressure safety valve 4 carries out automatic vent, automatically close during less than 1.3 atmospheric pressure, if cabin internal gas pressure safety valve 4 breaks down, can carry out exhaust by manual unlocking stop valve 20; Body top, described cabin is provided with suspension ring 1 and/or the side is provided with tow lug 6, is used to carry additionally the traction steel wire usefulness of restricting by force when giving first aid in the external world; Be provided with tool box 7, medical case 8 and/or food-box 9 in the body of cabin; Be provided with power supply in the body of cabin, link to each other, also have standby battery 15 with down-hole power; Be provided with communicator (as phone, Walkie talkie etc.) in the body of cabin, link to each other with underground communica tion equipment; Have gas concentration and temperature-detecting device, it is inner and outside to be located at the cabin body respectively, is used to detect in the cabin and environmental change situation out of my cabin, and shows by the display screen of being located in the body of cabin 11; Has camera 16, be located at the cabin external body, by being located at display screen 11 display video signals in the body of cabin,, perhaps play music personnel's psychological pressure easily so that alleviation is taken refuge by the language of working specification in the broadcast cabin of display screen and encouragement people fighting will;

Also have devices such as seat 13, illuminating lamp 14, fire extinguisher and excreta collection container in the body of cabin, the cabin external body is provided with audible-visual annunciator 17.

Usually the present invention is placed in the cat's-ear-shaped cave of working face during concrete the application, also can be placed on the equipment train of fully-mechanized mining working, mainly move by rail wheel or flat car.

When mine disaster took place, the miner can enter refuge cabin rapidly, and shuts the hatch door 3 of taking refuge, and opened the illuminating lamp 14 in the cabin and the audible-visual annunciator 17 of hatch door mouth, checked whether the compressed air piping of compressed-air system is normal, if normally then open air intake valve 23; Check whether safety valve gas outlet 4 is normal,, then open the stop valve 20 of giving vent to anger immediately manually if find that fault is arranged.

Open display screen 11 and check working specification: when a. paralyses when compressed air piping, adopt spontaneous oxygen device 12 oxygen supplys; B. on display screen 11, check gas concentration lwevel, oxygen concentration, suitably add chemical agent according to the indication on the display screen 11 then.

Switch display screen 11 to the camera picture, observe the environment of outside, when display screen 11 displays temperatures are higher than 35 degrees centigrade, according to the prompting on the display screen 11, check whether water pipe is normal,, then open water inlet valve 22 if normal, connect the water source, down-hole, lower the temperature by circulating cooling water pipe and the spray header 2 of being located at external bottom, cabin and top; If heat sink in the cabin is then adopted in the paralysis of water inlet water pipe, use as ice and wait gasification substance heat absorption principle, promptly adopting the low capacity electric energy to keep cold-producing medium at ordinary times is solid state, after mine disaster takes place, has not had electric energy, it is lowered the temperature by melting heat absorbing mode.Utilize the ice-out heat absorption, the water after it melts can be for people as drinking water.

Whether the power supply of checking power line mouth 24 is normal, determines the electricity consumption situation then.If extraneous power supply (being down-hole power) is undesired, then adopt storage battery power supply.The employing hand generator charges a battery.Communication can have multiple mode to select voluntarily for the personnel that take refuge: a. liaison mode communicates, and explosion-proof telephone wire is received on the underground communica tion equipment through the port 21 of cabin body; B. Walkie talkie; C. Personal Handyphone System (being provided with) according to the colliery; The d.RFID system according to electronic tag, is equipped with card reader.Wherein get in touch, notify them dangerous situation that takes place and the personnel that reach refuge by communication system phone 10 and ground; The ground staff needs to understand: the up-to-date situation of a.; B. the number in the refuge cabin; C. whether continue the someone and enter refuge cabin; D. the health of the personnel in the refuge cabin; When mine disaster takes place, can inform the working specification of people in the cabin by voice system, and encourage the language of people's fighting will;

Described display screen 11 also has music playback function, can play the relaxed music that some are stored in advance, alleviates people's tense atmosphere.All personnel that arrive refuge cabin must sit down and loosen; Stay in refuge cabin always, wait for rescue personnel's arrival.

The present invention can guarantee that 10 people normal life inside more than 7 days, effectively protects personnel's life security under the ore deposit, reduces to the mine disaster human loss minimum.

Claims (14)

1. mine refuge cabin is characterized in that comprising:
The cabin body is steel work, has the space that is enough to resist the intensity of down-hole pressure and holds several people;
Spontaneous oxygen device (12) is located in the body of cabin, produces oxygen by chemical mode;
Heat sink has cooling water pipe and spray header (2), is located at external bottom, cabin and top respectively;
De-carbon and air cleaning unit are located in the body of cabin, are used to absorb the carbon dioxide in the body of cabin, absorb carbon monoxide and methane gas in the cabin simultaneously;
Dehydrating unit is located in the body of cabin, adopts physics mode to absorb the interior moisture of cabin body.
2. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat sink also comprises cold-producing medium, is located in the body of cabin, and adopting the low capacity electric energy to keep cold-producing medium under the normal condition is solid state, after the mine disaster power failure takes place, lower the temperature by melting heat absorbing mode.
3. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cabin body inner surface has isolation layer and/or external surface has fluorescent paint.
4. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cabin body is provided with emergency escape door (18) and/or observation port (19).
5. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: body top, described cabin is provided with suspension ring (1) and/or the side is provided with tow lug (6).
6. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cabin body is provided with scupper valve (5), water inlet valve (22) and air intake valve (23), wherein water inlet valve (22) links to each other with the water source, down-hole, and air intake valve (23) is connected with the compressed air piping of down-hole compressed-air system.
7. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cabin body is provided with cabin internal gas pressure safety valve (4) and/or stop valve (20).
8. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with tool box (7), medical case (8) and/or food-box (9) in the body of described cabin.
9. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with power supply in the body of described cabin, link to each other with down-hole power, and standby battery (15).
10. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with communicator in the body of described cabin, link to each other with aboveground communication equipment.
11. by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: also have gas concentration and temperature-detecting device, it is inner and outside to be located at the cabin body respectively, is used to detect in the cabin and environmental change situation out of my cabin, and shows by the display screen of being located in the body of cabin (11).
12., it is characterized in that: also have camera (16), be located at the cabin external body, by being located at display screen (11) display video signal in the body of cabin by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1.
13 by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1, it is characterized in that: also be provided with illuminating lamp (14), audible-visual annunciator (17) and fire extinguisher in the body of cabin.
14., it is characterized in that: also be provided with the excreta collection container in the body of cabin by the described mine refuge cabin of claim 1.
CN200810010796A 2008-03-28 2008-03-28 Mine refuge cabin CN101545380A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810010796A CN101545380A (en) 2008-03-28 2008-03-28 Mine refuge cabin

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810010796A CN101545380A (en) 2008-03-28 2008-03-28 Mine refuge cabin

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101545380A true CN101545380A (en) 2009-09-30

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101994520A (en) * 2010-11-01 2011-03-30 浙江洪裕重工机械有限公司 Casing of intelligent walking escape compartment
CN102003202A (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-04-06 北京中煤矿山工程有限公司 Safety emergency rescue and escape system for mine and construction steps thereof
CN102011607A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-04-13 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin
CN102108876A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-06-29 辽宁卓异科技有限公司 Temperature-reducing and dehumidifying device for mine refuge underground chambers
CN102146804A (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-08-10 江西省煤炭工业科学研究所 Coal mine underground refuge chamber with double safeguard function
CN102168577A (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-08-31 南京航空航天大学 Confined space positive pressure control equipment and regulating method thereof
CN102371038A (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-03-14 林中选 Mobile rescue capsule
CN105736042A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 佘峰 Safe house frame for mine
CN107715361A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of underground commercial center monitoring device for the act of rescue based on Internet of Things
CN109268062A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-25 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of coal mine application rescue suspension device
CN109268062B (en) * 2018-11-23 2020-06-19 黑龙江科技大学 Supporting device for coal mine application rescue

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102371038A (en) * 2010-08-18 2012-03-14 林中选 Mobile rescue capsule
CN102003202A (en) * 2010-10-15 2011-04-06 北京中煤矿山工程有限公司 Safety emergency rescue and escape system for mine and construction steps thereof
CN102003202B (en) * 2010-10-15 2014-01-01 北京中煤矿山工程有限公司 Construction method of safety emergency rescue and escape system for mine
CN101994520A (en) * 2010-11-01 2011-03-30 浙江洪裕重工机械有限公司 Casing of intelligent walking escape compartment
CN102011607A (en) * 2010-11-25 2011-04-13 天津市天矿电器设备有限公司 Electric drive-free cooling and dehumidifying device for refuge cabin
CN102108876A (en) * 2011-01-18 2011-06-29 辽宁卓异科技有限公司 Temperature-reducing and dehumidifying device for mine refuge underground chambers
CN102146804A (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-08-10 江西省煤炭工业科学研究所 Coal mine underground refuge chamber with double safeguard function
CN102168577A (en) * 2011-04-11 2011-08-31 南京航空航天大学 Confined space positive pressure control equipment and regulating method thereof
CN105736042A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 佘峰 Safe house frame for mine
CN107715361A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of underground commercial center monitoring device for the act of rescue based on Internet of Things
CN109268062A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-01-25 黑龙江科技大学 A kind of coal mine application rescue suspension device
CN109268062B (en) * 2018-11-23 2020-06-19 黑龙江科技大学 Supporting device for coal mine application rescue

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Open date: 20090930

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