CN202565782U - Straw crushing machine - Google Patents

Straw crushing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202565782U
CN202565782U CN 201220111188 CN201220111188U CN202565782U CN 202565782 U CN202565782 U CN 202565782U CN 201220111188 CN201220111188 CN 201220111188 CN 201220111188 U CN201220111188 U CN 201220111188U CN 202565782 U CN202565782 U CN 202565782U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
mechanism
roller
casing
installed
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201220111188
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈爱容
Original Assignee
万里国际控股集团有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 万里国际控股集团有限公司 filed Critical 万里国际控股集团有限公司
Priority to CN 201220111188 priority Critical patent/CN202565782U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202565782U publication Critical patent/CN202565782U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw crushing machine, which comprises a feeding mechanism (2), a shearing mechanism (3) and a crushing mechanism (4), wherein the three mechanisms are sequentially connected, the feeding mechanism (2) comprises a feeding disc (1) and a pair of feeding rollers (16), the shearing mechanism (3) comprises a shearing roller (13) arranged in a second machine case (6), a cutting edge (12) of the shearing roller (13) corresponds to a material outlet (8) of the feeding mechanism (2), a material outlet (11) of the shearing mechanism (3) is connected into a third machine case (7) of the crushing mechanism (4), the crushing mechanism (4) comprises a circular disc (14) provided with a hammer sheet (15), a material discharge opening (9) is arranged at the lower end of the third machine case (7), a material discharge pipe (10) arranged at the upper part of the material discharge opening is connected to a material storage cabin. When the straw crushing machine is adopted, rough and thick straws can be crushed into fine and crushed straw powder in one step.

Description

Stalk crasher

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of machinery that is used to pulverize agricultural crop straw or forage, especially a kind of cracker of stalk.

Background technology

Many in the cracker of the crops of existing use has single function, like the disclosed a kind of forage grass and feed cracker of one Chinese patent application CN2375088Y, is used for stalk or forage grass are cut into little breaking, and just only has the function of shearing forage grass.The cracker that has only has the pulverizing function, promptly hits repeatedly through hammer leaf in pulverizing chamber and pulverizes, and the working time is long, and smashing fineness is not enough, and the stalk that especially cotton, corn etc. are thick and stiff can't be pulverized sometimes.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem that the utility model mainly solves provides a kind of size reduction machinery that is applicable to agricultural crop straw, and makes the stalk disposable powder be broken into fine-powder.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:

A kind of stalk crasher; Comprise feeding mechanism, cutting mechanism, disintegrating mechanism; Wherein feeding mechanism, cutting mechanism, disintegrating mechanism link to each other successively, and feeding mechanism comprises a feeding dish and a pair of feeding roller, and feeding roller is installed in the casing I; It is corresponding with feeding mouth on the casing I that feeding dish is installed in the front portion of casing I, and the gap between two feeding rollers is between feeding mouth and discharging opening; Cutting mechanism comprises the shear roller that is installed in the casing II, and the blade of shear roller is corresponding with the feeding mechanism discharging opening, and the cutting mechanism discharging opening is connected with the casing III of disintegrating mechanism; Disintegrating mechanism comprises casing III and the disk that hammer leaf is installed, and casing III lower end is provided with discharge gate, and the rear portion of discharge gate is installed blower fan and is connected to storage bin through drainage conduit.The axle of the outside of said casing I, feeding roller is provided with and drives feeding roller gear train in relative rotation, and the driving gear of gear train links to each other through the sprocket wheel chain with the axle of shear roller, and shear roller is driven by the motor I; The disk of disintegrating mechanism is driven by the motor II.

The further improvement of the utility model is: said feeding roller level is installed, and the feeding roller surface is provided with axial protruding stupefied in some roads.

The further improvement of the utility model is: the blade of said shear roller is along the circumferential surface screw arrangement of shear roller.

The further improvement of the utility model is: the blade of said shear roller is through being bolted on the shear roller knife rest.

Owing to adopted technique scheme, the technological progress that the utility model is obtained is:

The stalk crasher connection and reasonable arrangement of the utility model, compact conformation is made up of feeding mechanism, cutting mechanism, disintegrating mechanism, and three mechanisms are continuous successively, can make thick and stiff stalk be broken into fine-powder through the utility model stalk crasher disposable powder.

A pair of feeding roller level in the feeding mechanism is installed, and it is protruding stupefied that rotation, and surface in opposite directions is provided with some roads vertically, and feeding roller will be flattened from the stalk that is the branch shape that feeding dish gets into, and gets into cutting mechanism smoothly.

Blade on the shear roller in the cutting mechanism is corresponding with the discharging opening of the casing I of feeding mechanism, and therefore along with the rotation of shear roller, blade just can be cut into segment to the stalk that enters into cutting mechanism; The oblique circumferential surface that is arranged in shear roller of the blade of spiral; Making blade so is not to contact simultaneously with the stalk that gets into cutting mechanism; Cut off the stalk that stretches out from the discharging opening of feeding mechanism successively but in the blade rotation process, be scissor; Because the shear action of blade makes stalk be easy to be cut into segment, the needed power of cutting mechanism is less; The blade of shear roller is connected with shear roller by bolt, is interchangeable, is prolonged the service life of shear roller, and be easy to repair.The shear roller of cutting mechanism is driven by the motor I; Shear roller rotates through sprocket chain bar driven gear group, and the gear set drive feeding roller inwardly rotates, and therefore the speed of feeding and the speed of shearing is consistent; Can stalk be cut into the uniform segment of length, be suitable for next step pulverizing process.

Main shaft disc rotated in the disintegrating mechanism, the hammer leaf that makes cross-under on the bearing pin be also along with high speed rotating, thereby break into powder in small, broken bits to the segment of stalk; The bottom of casing III is provided with discharge gate, and blower fan is installed at the rear portion of discharge gate, makes stalk powder send into storage bin along drainage conduit.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the generalized section of the utility model;

Fig. 2 is the layout sketch map of the blade of shear roller.

Wherein: 1, feeding dish, 2, feeding mechanism, 3, cutting mechanism, 4, disintegrating mechanism, 5, the housing I; 6, housing II, 7, the housing III, 8, discharging opening, 9, discharge gate, 10, drainage conduit; 11, discharging opening, 12, blade, 13, shear roller, 14, disk; 15, hammer leaf, 16, feeding roller, 17, the disintegrating mechanism main shaft, 18, feeding mouth.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is explained further details.

Can be found out that by Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 the described stalk crasher of the utility model comprises: feeding mechanism 2, cutting mechanism 3, disintegrating mechanism 4, these three mechanisms link to each other successively.

Comprise a feeding dish 1 and a pair of feeding roller 16 in the feeding mechanism 2.Feeding roller 16 transversely is installed in the casing I down relatively, and the front and back of casing I are respectively arranged with feeding mouth and discharging opening, and the gap between feeding mouth and discharging opening and two feeding rollers 16 is relative.It is protruding stupefied that the surface of feeding roller 16 is provided with some roads vertically.In the front portion of casing I feeding dish 1 is installed, feeding dish 1 is relative with feeding mouth.One end of feeding roller 16 is equipped with gear-box, is provided with gear train in the gear-box, and two feeding rollers of gear set drive rotate two feeding rollers in the casing I, stalk is rolled in the casing I.

The discharging opening 8 of feeding mechanism 2 is corresponding with the blade 12 of shear roller 13.Cutting mechanism 3 comprises shear roller 13 and housing II 6; Blade 12 screw arrangement of shear roller on the circumference of shear roller and the bus of shear roller angled, when shear roller rotates; Blade contacts with the stalk that gets into cutting mechanism since an end successively, and successively stalk is cut off.The blade 12 of shear roller is through being bolted on the shear roller 13, and blade 12 is replaceable.One end of shear roller 13 is belt pulley I, and the belt pulley I is driven by the motor I.Shear roller 13 other ends are equipped with sprocket wheel, and sprocket wheel rotates through the gear in the gear-box of chain drive feeding mechanism.

Housing II 6 bottoms of cutting mechanism 3 are provided with a swash plate, and the lower end of swash plate is the discharging opening of cutting mechanism, and the discharging opening of cutting mechanism is connected to the housing III of disintegrating mechanism 4.Disintegrating mechanism 4 comprises the many groups disk 14 in disintegrating mechanism main shaft 17, housing III and the housing III, and the edge connecting of disk 14 has some bearing pins, and cross-under has the rectangle hammer leaf 15 that can rotate around bearing pin on the bearing pin.The belt pulley II that is driven by the motor II is equipped with in main shaft 17 ends.

Drive the diameter of the belt pulley I diameter of shear roller greater than the belt pulley II that drives disintegrating mechanism main shaft 17, the cutting mechanism rotating speed is lower than the rotating speed of disintegrating mechanism thus, guarantees to shear the segment that gets off and can be pulverized fully, is unlikely to produce and piles up.

Housing III 7 bottoms are discharge gates 9, behind the discharge gate 9 blower fan are installed, and connect drainage conduit 10 on the blower fan, and blower fan is sent into storage bin with stalk powder through drainage conduit 10.

When using the stalk crasher crushing straw of the utility model; Stalk enters into the junction of two feeding rollers 16 of feeding mechanism 2 from feeding dish 1 suitable slope; Through two in relative rotation feeding roller 16 mutual extrusion stalk is carried out preliminary treatment, and stalk is conveyed into cutting mechanism 3.Stretch out the blade 12 that the stalk of feeding mechanism discharging opening 8 is sheared on the roller and be cut into the stalk segment.Because blade 12 is not parallel with the bus of shear roller; But has certain angle; The stalk that comes out from the discharging opening of feed mechanism when one blade one end in contact and when beginning to shear; The other end of last one blade has just cut off the stalk of the discharging opening other end, makes stalk be cut into segment successively through shear action like this, and the stalk segment gets into the disintegrating mechanism 4 from discharging opening 11 along the swash plate of cutting mechanism again.

In disintegrating mechanism 4, driven by motor belt pulley II, main shaft 17 rotations, the hammer leaf 15 that drives on disk 14 and the dish is cooked high-speed motion at disintegrating mechanism housing III inwall, and the stalk segment is broken into powder, delivers to storage bin from discharge gate 9 by drainage conduit 10.

Claims (4)

1. stalk crasher; Comprise feeding mechanism (2), cutting mechanism (3), disintegrating mechanism (4); It is characterized in that: feeding mechanism (2), cutting mechanism (3), disintegrating mechanism (4) link to each other successively; Feeding mechanism (2) comprises a feeding dish (1) and a pair of feeding roller (16); Feeding roller (16) is installed in the casing I (5), and it is corresponding with feeding mouth (18) on the casing I that feeding dish (1) is installed in the front portion of casing I (5), and the gap between two feeding rollers (16) is between feeding mouth and discharging opening; Cutting mechanism (3) comprises the shear roller (13) that is installed in the casing II (6), and the blade of shear roller (12) is corresponding with feeding mechanism discharging opening (8), and cutting mechanism discharging opening (11) is connected with the casing III (7) of disintegrating mechanism (4); Disintegrating mechanism (4) comprises casing III (7) and the disk (14) of hammer leaf (15) is installed, and casing III (7) lower end is provided with discharge gate (9), and the rear portion of discharge gate (9) is installed blower fan and is connected to storage bin through drainage conduit (10); The axle of the outside of said casing I, feeding roller (16) is provided with and drives feeding roller (16) gear train in relative rotation, and the driving gear of gear train links to each other through the sprocket wheel chain with the axle of shear roller (13), and shear roller (13) is driven by the motor I; The disk (14) of disintegrating mechanism (4) is driven by the motor II.
2. stalk crasher according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said feeding roller (16) level is installed, and the surface of feeding roller (16) is provided with axial protruding stupefied in some roads.
3. stalk crasher according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the blade of said shear roller (12) is along the circumferential surface screw arrangement of shear roller.
4. stalk crasher according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the blade of said shear roller (12) is through on the knife rest that is bolted to shear roller (13).
CN 201220111188 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Straw crushing machine CN202565782U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220111188 CN202565782U (en) 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Straw crushing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220111188 CN202565782U (en) 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Straw crushing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202565782U true CN202565782U (en) 2012-12-05

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220111188 CN202565782U (en) 2012-03-22 2012-03-22 Straw crushing machine

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN202565782U (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314727A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 信阳市四通机械制造有限公司 Straw chopping machine
CN103460916A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 李先强 Straw scrapping machine
CN103920569A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-07-16 四川省丝绸工程技术研究中心 Debarked mulberry branch granulating machine
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN105875097A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-08-24 无锡市湖山植保机械厂 Chopping roller structure of grass chopper
CN105964357A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-28 贵州大学 Tobacco stem secondary crushing equipment and tobacco stem crushing method
CN106386008A (en) * 2015-07-26 2017-02-15 重庆安尚园农业科技发展有限公司 Forage chopping extruding and mixing all-in-one machine
CN107127036A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-05 沈阳农业大学 Maize straw skin flesh separator
CN107567835A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 黑龙江鹏业农业发展股份有限公司 Vertical stalk disintegrator

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103314727B (en) * 2013-07-10 2016-08-31 信阳市四通机械制造有限公司 Stalk cutter
CN103314727A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 信阳市四通机械制造有限公司 Straw chopping machine
CN103460916A (en) * 2013-09-02 2013-12-25 李先强 Straw scrapping machine
CN103920569A (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-07-16 四川省丝绸工程技术研究中心 Debarked mulberry branch granulating machine
CN103920569B (en) * 2014-04-11 2016-06-08 四川省丝绸科学研究院 A kind of peeling ramulus mori granulator
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN105875097A (en) * 2014-12-26 2016-08-24 无锡市湖山植保机械厂 Chopping roller structure of grass chopper
CN106386008A (en) * 2015-07-26 2017-02-15 重庆安尚园农业科技发展有限公司 Forage chopping extruding and mixing all-in-one machine
CN107127036A (en) * 2016-02-29 2017-09-05 沈阳农业大学 Maize straw skin flesh separator
CN105964357A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-28 贵州大学 Tobacco stem secondary crushing equipment and tobacco stem crushing method
CN105964357B (en) * 2016-05-27 2019-01-11 贵州大学 A kind of tobacco rod second-time breakage equipment and tobacco rod breaking method
CN107567835A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-12 黑龙江鹏业农业发展股份有限公司 Vertical stalk disintegrator
CN107567835B (en) * 2017-09-13 2019-09-06 黑龙江鹏业农业发展股份有限公司 Vertical stalk disintegrator

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121205

Termination date: 20150322

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model