CN203827753U - Central collecting machine for smashing straw - Google Patents

Central collecting machine for smashing straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203827753U
CN203827753U CN201420258579.7U CN201420258579U CN203827753U CN 203827753 U CN203827753 U CN 203827753U CN 201420258579 U CN201420258579 U CN 201420258579U CN 203827753 U CN203827753 U CN 203827753U
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China
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shaft
impeller
throws
transmission
gearbox
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CN201420258579.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白聚德
张晓磊
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Hebei Tong Tian Machinery Co Ltd
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Hebei Tong Tian Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

A central collecting machine for smashing straw comprises a rack, a smashing mechanism and a conveying device. One end of the smashing mechanism is connected with the rack through a first transmission mechanism, and the other end of the smashing mechanism is connected with the conveying device through a second transmission mechanism. The smashing mechanism comprises a smashing cutter and a smashing cutter shaft, and the smashing cutter is arranged on the smashing cutter shaft. The conveying device comprises a packing auger mechanism and a throwing mechanism. The throwing mechanism is arranged in the middle of the packing auger mechanism and is fixedly arranged on a bottom plate of the rack. The packing auger mechanism comprises packing auger blades, a packing auger shaft and a packing auger protection plate, the packing auger blades are fixedly arranged on the packing auger shaft, the two ends of the packing auger shaft of the packing auger mechanism are arranged on two side plates respectively through bearings, the packing auger shaft is connected with the smashing cutter shaft through the second transmission mechanism, and the two ends of the packing auger protection plate are fixedly arranged on the two side plates of the rack respectively. The central collecting machine is small in work resistance, flexible in steering and good in smashing and recycling effect, and the fault rate is greatly lowered.

Description

The mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of stalk crasher, is specifically related to the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk.
Background technology
Along with straw feed popularizing on livestock breeding industry, the development that biomass straw feed is livestock breeding industry provides powerful power, increasing peasant household, raiser be processing pellet feeds from stalks voluntarily, agricultural crop straw is directly pulverized recovery, be an agricultural machanization new technology of achieving many things at one stroke, economic benefit and social benefit are very remarkable.The technology reclaiming about crushed stalk is at present a lot, such as, CN2877247Y discloses a kind of " knapsack corn stem-fringe harvester ", it comprises harvesting-platform, fruit ear is carried gathering unit, straw crushing retracting device and actuating unit, harvesting-platform comprises the forebay being fixedly connected with tractor, several results bodies that the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount connecting with forebay and ceding of Taiwan fixed mount are provided with, wherein each results body comprises that the axis of a pair of fore-and-aft tilt is parallel, snapping bar and a pair of dialing-grain unit rotating that driven by power-transmitting part that height is staggered and arranges, on ceding of Taiwan fixed mount below dialing-grain unit, be provided with by stationary knife, the straw cutter that moving knife forms, straw cutter is realized reciprocal shearing motion by power-transmitting part, straw crushing retracting device comprises Straw cutting machine, auger conveyor and straw throwing device, cutter mill respectively correspondence is arranged on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of snapping bar below, by the housing with feeding mouth and discharging opening, line shaft, chopping moving knife, stationary knife forms, the upper feeding mouth placement direction of cutter mill housing is identical with placement direction and the corn rice straw direction of motion of ear harvesting stick, auger conveyor is installed on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount of lower discharge port below of cutter mill housing, one end of auger conveyor is communicated with straw throwing device, the discharging opening of spinner is corresponding with the trailer of following tractor.This maize harvesting machine adopts the processing of straw be first pulverize, mode that rear collection is reclaimed, be that corn stalk is to be pulled down and sent by rotating snapping bar, it becomes the feeding roller of cutter mill, sends in cutter mill and shreds, by auger conveyor lateral collection, through the throwing of straw throwing device, reclaim again.But above-mentioned disclosed maize harvesting machine, its cutter mill is corresponding setting one by one below snapping bar, along with increasing of harvest corn line number, the quantity of snapping bar, cutter mill is wanted corresponding increase, therefore can cause the weight increase of equipment and the rising of manufacturing cost, auger conveyor and straw throwing device are to be also assemblied on the ceding of Taiwan fixed mount connecting with forebay in tractor the place ahead simultaneously, thereby caused the centre offset of harvest equipment on tractor, " fall in the ground " phenomenon that easily makes the front-wheel of tractor occur in running, affects operation.In sum, above technology more complicated, does not reach good chopping recovering effect.
Utility model content
The utility model is for solving deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of crushed stalk mid-gathering machine, take the basic structure of straw crushing and field-returning machine, change the performance of crushing knife, increase packing auger blade formula straw collecting, the wheeled stalk of pivoting leaf throws, and makes that complete machine structure is simple, cost is low, efficiency is high, adapts to especially the needs that the crushed stalk of the crops such as corn, Chinese sorghum, herbage reclaims.
The utility model is that the technical scheme that realizes its object employing is:
The mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk, comprise frame, disintegrating mechanism and conveying plant, described frame comprises two side plates and a base plate, on a side plate, be provided with the first transmission mechanism therein, the first transmission mechanism is connected with disintegrating mechanism one end, the disintegrating mechanism other end is connected with conveying plant by the second transmission mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism comprises crushing knife and pulverizes cutter shaft, crushing knife is arranged on to be pulverized on cutter shaft, described conveying plant comprises auger mechanism and throws mechanism, the described mechanism that throws is arranged on the centre position of auger mechanism and throws mechanism and is fixed on framework soleplate, described auger mechanism comprises packing auger blade, screw-conveyer-shaft and auger backplate, described packing auger blade is fixed on screw-conveyer-shaft, described auger mechanism is separately positioned on two side plates by bearing by the two ends of screw-conveyer-shaft, and screw-conveyer-shaft is connected by the second transmission mechanism with pulverizing cutter shaft, auger backplate two ends are separately fixed on two side plates of frame.
The described mechanism that throws comprises impeller housing, throws pipe, throws impeller and impeller shaft, described impeller housing comprises front shroud, curved wall and support, support is fixed between curved wall, and parallel with front shroud, the described pipe that throws vertically arranges, and throws pipe and communicate with impeller housing inside, and the described impeller that throws is arranged between front shroud and support by impeller shaft, described impeller shaft is arranged on the support of impeller housing by bearing, and impeller shaft is connected with power set.
Described packing auger blade is to be fixed on two groups of spiral blades that on screw-conveyer-shaft, reverse symmetry arranges.
The described support that throws mechanism's middle period hub comprises many dead levers, and described dead lever one end and the bearing of impeller shaft fix, and the other end and curved wall fix, and the described impeller that throws is at least two.
The first described transmission mechanism comprises drive pulley, driven pulley and V belt, and drive pulley is connected by V belt with driven pulley, and driven pulley is connected with the one end of pulverizing cutter shaft.
The second described transmission mechanism comprises sprocket wheel and chain, and sprocket wheel is set in to be pulverized on the cutter shaft other end and screw-conveyer-shaft one end, and sprocket wheel is connected by chain.
Described power set comprise power take-off, universal drive shaft, the first gearbox and the second gearbox, power take-off is connected with universal drive shaft input, universal drive shaft output is connected with the first gearbox input, the first gear box output end is connected with drive pulley by power transmission shaft, the first gear box output end is connected by jackshaft with the second gearbox input, and the output of the second gearbox is connected with the input of impeller shaft.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk, and simple in structure, working resistance is little, turn to flexibly, and fault rate reduces greatly; Being symmetrical arranged of packing auger blade can be shredded multirow stalk simultaneously, and the reverse setting of packing auger blade can form a stringer at the rear of machine by the stalk gathering after chopping and arrange, and the stalk after chopping easily can be transported to and throw mechanism like this; Throw impeller High Rotation Speed easily throws away stalk under centrifugal action through throwing pipe; Cooperation by crushing knife and packing auger blade makes crushed stalk more abundant, and the reverse setting of packing auger blade has improved stalk recovering effect greatly.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is vertical view of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 throws mechanism's structural representation in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is right view of the present utility model in Fig. 1.
In accompanying drawing, 1 represents side plate, and 2 representatives throw device, 3 represent the first transmission device, and 4 represent crushing knife, and cutter shaft is pulverized in 5 representatives, 6 represent packing auger blade, and 7 represent screw-conveyer-shaft, and 8 represent chain, 9 represent impeller housing, and 10 representatives throw pipe, and 11 representatives throw impeller, 12 represent impeller shaft, 13 represent dead lever, and 14 represent the first gearbox, and 15 represent the second gearbox.
Embodiment
The utility model is for solving deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of crushed stalk mid-gathering machine, take the basic structure of straw crushing and field-returning machine, change the performance of crushing knife, increase packing auger blade formula straw collecting, the wheeled stalk of pivoting leaf throws, and makes that complete machine structure is simple, cost is low, efficiency is high, the needs that the special crushed stalk that adapts to the crops such as corn, Chinese sorghum, herbage reclaims, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail.
Specific embodiment, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk, comprise frame, disintegrating mechanism and conveying plant, described frame comprises two side plates 1 and a base plate, on a side plate 1, be provided with the first transmission mechanism 3 therein, the first transmission mechanism 3 is connected with disintegrating mechanism one end, the disintegrating mechanism other end is connected with conveying plant by the second transmission mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism comprises crushing knife 4 and pulverizes cutter shaft 5, crushing knife 4 is arranged on to be pulverized on cutter shaft 5, described conveying plant comprises auger mechanism and throws mechanism 2, the described mechanism 2 that throws is arranged on the centre position of auger mechanism and throws mechanism 2 and is fixed on framework soleplate, described auger mechanism comprises packing auger blade 6, screw-conveyer-shaft 7 and auger backplate, described packing auger blade 6 is fixed on screw-conveyer-shaft 7, described auger mechanism is separately positioned on two side plates 1 by bearing by the two ends of screw-conveyer-shaft 7, and screw-conveyer-shaft 7 is connected by the second transmission mechanism with pulverizing cutter shaft 5, auger backplate two ends are separately fixed on two side plates 1 of frame.Increase packing auger blade formula straw collecting, make that complete machine structure is simple, cost is low, efficiency is high.
The described mechanism 2 that throws comprises impeller housing 9, throws pipe 10, throws impeller 11 and impeller shaft 12, described impeller housing 9 comprises front shroud, curved wall and support, support is fixed between curved wall, and parallel with front shroud, the described pipe 10 that throws vertically arranges, and throwing pipe 10 communicates with impeller housing 9 inside, the described impeller 11 that throws is arranged between front shroud and support by impeller shaft 12, described impeller shaft 12 is arranged on the support of impeller housing 9 by bearing, and impeller shaft 12 is connected with power set.
Described packing auger blade 6 is for being fixed on two groups of spiral blades that on screw-conveyer-shaft 7, reverse symmetry arranges.Being symmetrical arranged of packing auger blade 6 can be shredded multirow stalk simultaneously, and the reverse setting of packing auger blade 6 can form a stringer at the rear of machine by the stalk gathering after chopping and arrange, and the stalk after chopping easily can be transported to and throw mechanism 2 like this.
The described support that throws impeller housing 9 in mechanism 2 comprises many dead levers 13, and described dead lever 13 one end and the bearing of impeller shaft 12 fix, and the other end and curved wall fix, and the described impeller 11 that throws is at least two.The support of impeller housing 9 comprises many dead levers 13, and described dead lever 13 one end and the bearing of impeller shaft 12 fix, and the other end and curved wall fix, and the design of the support of impeller housing 9 can be played fixation to impeller shaft 12, and control impeller shaft 12 is loosening.
The first described transmission mechanism 3 comprises drive pulley, driven pulley and V belt, and drive pulley is connected by V belt with driven pulley, and driven pulley is connected with the one end of pulverizing cutter shaft 5.
The second described transmission mechanism comprises sprocket wheel and chain 8, and sprocket wheel is set in to be pulverized on cutter shaft 5 other ends and screw-conveyer-shaft 7 one end, and sprocket wheel is connected by chain 8.
Described power set comprise power take-off, universal drive shaft, the first gearbox 14 and the second gearbox 15, power take-off is connected with universal drive shaft input, universal drive shaft output is connected with the first gearbox 14 inputs, the first gearbox 14 outputs are connected with drive pulley by power transmission shaft, the first gearbox 14 outputs are connected by jackshaft with the second gearbox 15 inputs, and the output of the second gearbox 15 is connected with the input of impeller shaft 12.
The utility model in the specific implementation, the mid-gathering machine of crushed stalk utilizes tractor motive power output shaft outputting power, through universal drive shaft, drive the first gearbox 14, the first gearbox 14 drives drive pulley to rotate by power transmission shaft, drive pulley drives driven pulley to rotate by V belt, driven pulley rotates and drives pulverizing cutter shaft 5 to rotate, and pulverize cutter shaft 5 and drive screw-conveyer-shaft 7 to rotate by sprocket wheel and chain 8, and then packing auger blade 6 is followed screw-conveyer-shaft 7 rotations; The first gearbox 14 drives the second gearbox 15 to rotate by jackshaft, and the second gearbox 15 rotates impeller axle 12 and rotates, and impeller shaft 12 rotates to drive and throws impeller 11 rotations.
High Rotation Speed due to disintegrating mechanism, under the effect of feeding mouth place negative pressure, stalk is inhaled in casing, and meet and sheared with the tooth of determining of casing, then when flowing through the casing inner wall of broken line type, due to the variation in cross section, cause the change of air velocity, make stalk repeatedly be subject to impacting of crushing knife 4, finally by air-flow, be transported in auger mechanism, by being symmetrical arranged of packing auger blade in auger mechanism 6, can shred multirow stalk simultaneously and the stalk gathering after chopping is formed to a stringer at the rear of machine and arrange, stalk after chopping is transported to and is thrown in mechanism 2 by packing auger blade 6, in throwing mechanism 2, throw under the centrifugal action of impeller 11 High Rotation Speeds, through throwing pipe 12, stalk is dished out, the stalk of dishing out is collected by collecting cart.
The utility model is simple in structure, and working resistance is little, turn to flexibly, and fault rate reduces greatly; Being symmetrical arranged of packing auger blade can be shredded multirow stalk simultaneously, and the reverse setting of packing auger blade can form a stringer at the rear of machine by the stalk gathering after chopping and arrange, and the stalk after chopping easily can be transported to and throw mechanism like this; Throw impeller High Rotation Speed easily throws away stalk under centrifugal action through throwing pipe; Cooperation by crushing knife and packing auger blade makes crushed stalk more abundant, and the reverse setting of packing auger blade has improved stalk recovering effect greatly.Use of the present utility model has reduced labour intensity, can fight for farming season the environmental pollution of also having avoided crop straw burning to cause simultaneously.

Claims (7)

1. the mid-gathering machine of crushed stalk, comprise frame, disintegrating mechanism and conveying plant, described frame comprises two side plates (1) and a base plate, on a side plate (1), be provided with the first transmission mechanism (3) therein, the first transmission mechanism (3) is connected with disintegrating mechanism one end, the disintegrating mechanism other end is connected with conveying plant by the second transmission mechanism, described disintegrating mechanism comprises crushing knife (4) and pulverizes cutter shaft (5), crushing knife (4) is arranged on to be pulverized on cutter shaft (5), described conveying plant comprises auger mechanism and throws mechanism (2), it is characterized in that: the described mechanism (2) that throws is arranged on the centre position of auger mechanism and throws mechanism (2) and is fixed on framework soleplate, described auger mechanism comprises packing auger blade (6), screw-conveyer-shaft (7) and auger backplate, described packing auger blade (6) is fixed on screw-conveyer-shaft (7), described auger mechanism is separately positioned on two side plates (1) by bearing by the two ends of screw-conveyer-shaft (7), and screw-conveyer-shaft (7) is connected by the second transmission mechanism with pulverizing cutter shaft (5), auger backplate two ends are separately fixed on two side plates (1) of frame.
2. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described mechanism (2) that throws comprises impeller housing (9), throw pipe (10), throw impeller (11) and impeller shaft (12), described impeller housing (9) comprises front shroud, curved wall and support, support is fixed between curved wall, and parallel with front shroud, the described pipe (10) that throws vertically arranges, and throwing pipe (10) communicates with impeller housing (9) inside, the described impeller (11) that throws is arranged between front shroud and support by impeller shaft (12), described impeller shaft (12) is arranged on the support of impeller housing (9) by bearing, and impeller shaft (12) is connected with power set.
3. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described packing auger blade (6) is for being fixed on two groups of spiral blades that on screw-conveyer-shaft (7), reverse symmetry arranges.
4. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the described support that throws impeller housing (9) in mechanism (2) comprises many dead levers (13), the bearing of described dead lever (13) one end and impeller shaft (12) fixes, the other end and curved wall fix, and the described impeller (11) that throws is at least two.
5. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described the first transmission mechanism (3) comprises drive pulley, driven pulley and V belt, drive pulley is connected by V belt with driven pulley, and driven pulley is connected with the one end of pulverizing cutter shaft (5).
6. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the second described transmission mechanism comprises sprocket wheel and chain (8), sprocket wheel is set in to be pulverized on cutter shaft (5) other end and screw-conveyer-shaft (7) one end, and sprocket wheel is connected by chain (8).
7. the mid-gathering machine of a kind of crushed stalk according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described power set comprise power take-off, universal drive shaft, the first gearbox (14) and the second gearbox (15), power take-off is connected with universal drive shaft input, universal drive shaft output is connected with the first gearbox (14) input, the first gearbox (14) output is connected with drive pulley by power transmission shaft, the first gearbox (14) output is connected by jackshaft with the second gearbox (15) input, the output of the second gearbox (15) is connected with the input of impeller shaft (12).
CN201420258579.7U 2014-05-20 2014-05-20 Central collecting machine for smashing straw Active CN203827753U (en)

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CN201420258579.7U CN203827753U (en) 2014-05-20 2014-05-20 Central collecting machine for smashing straw

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106134644A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-23 王金平 A kind of positive feed equipment
CN106993446A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-08-01 安徽农业大学 A kind of efficient straw, which is crushed, urges rotten burial chopper

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106134644A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-23 王金平 A kind of positive feed equipment
CN106993446A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-08-01 安徽农业大学 A kind of efficient straw, which is crushed, urges rotten burial chopper
CN106993446B (en) * 2017-04-18 2019-08-23 安徽农业大学 A kind of crushing of efficient straw, which is urged, rotten buries chopper

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