CN204697541U - Straw field pickup sward seperator, pick up and be separated baling equipment and pick up separation harvesting apparatus - Google Patents

Straw field pickup sward seperator, pick up and be separated baling equipment and pick up separation harvesting apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204697541U
CN204697541U CN201520115017.1U CN201520115017U CN204697541U CN 204697541 U CN204697541 U CN 204697541U CN 201520115017 U CN201520115017 U CN 201520115017U CN 204697541 U CN204697541 U CN 204697541U
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China
Prior art keywords
sward
shaft
support body
pick
field pickup
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CN201520115017.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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孙首泉
孙维真
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孙维真
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Priority to CN201520115017.1U priority Critical patent/CN204697541U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of straw field pickup sward seperator, it comprises: external motive device, support body, be arranged on support body and the pick-up unit be connected with external motive device and sward separator, in addition, also comprise: to be arranged on support body and first separator between pick-up unit and sward separator or screw feeder device; Wherein, first separator or screw feeder device and pick-up unit, sward separator respectively parallel side-by-side place.Straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model, structure is simple, easy to use, can realize the crushing straw in furrow being picked up results and being separated by earth; In addition, the utility model also provides the separation baling equipment of picking up with above-mentioned straw field pickup sward seperator to be separated harvesting apparatus with picking up.

Description

Straw field pickup sward seperator, pick up and be separated baling equipment and pick up separation harvesting apparatus
Technical field
The utility model relates to farm machinery, particularly relates to a kind of sward seperator for straw field pickup, the baling equipment with this sward seperator and and picking device.
Background technology
The cultivated area of China's corn accounts for 1/4th of total area under cultivation, crushed stalk is also shed in field by combine while harvesting corn, when reclaiming machinery and straw field pickup being reclaimed, a lot of soil can be carried secretly in stalk, a lot of trouble is brought to the recycling of stalk, when being especially used as feed, the soil carried secretly in stalk how livestock is reluctant to search for food.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly to solve above-mentioned problems of the prior art, provides a kind of straw field pickup sward seperator, and its structure is simple, easy to use, can realize the crushing straw in furrow being picked up results and being separated completely by earth; In addition, the utility model also provides the separation baling equipment of picking up with above-mentioned straw field pickup sward seperator to be separated harvesting apparatus with picking up.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model comprises: external motive device, support body, be arranged on support body and the pick-up unit be connected with external motive device and sward separator, in addition, also comprise: to be arranged on described support body and first separator between described pick-up unit and described sward separator or screw feeder device; Wherein, described first separator or screw feeder device and described pick-up unit, described sward separator respectively parallel side-by-side place.
Wherein, described sward separator comprises: be arranged on the drum shaft on described support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the separate roller on drum shaft; Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth on separate roller; To be arranged on support body and the drum upper cover be positioned at above drum shaft; Be arranged on the prerotation vane inside drum upper cover; To be arranged on support body and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with plate tooth crest; Wherein, described drum upper cover and described concave grate connect into cylindrical shell; Wherein, the top of described prerotation vane and described plate tooth has gap, so that the stalk after separate roller separation earth moves to the straw outlet of concave grate along prerotation vane; Wherein, described straw outlet is positioned at the middle part of described concave grate or both sides or side; Wherein, concave grate is connected with strutbeam with lock pin by hinge, with easy cleaning cylinder.
Wherein, described first separator comprises: be arranged on the driving roller shaft on described support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the separate roller on driving roller shaft; Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth on separate roller; Be arranged on the cover plate on support body; Ear seat is on the cover board installed; Be arranged on the strutbeam on support body; Be arranged on the lock pin on strutbeam; To be arranged on by hinge and lock pin on the support body being positioned at separate roller periphery and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with plate tooth crest; Be arranged on the concave grate front end-plate of concave grate front end; Wherein, described concave grate is positioned at the below of described driving roller shaft; Wherein, described driving roller shaft is set in parallel between the drum shaft picking up axle and described sward separator of described pick-up unit.
Wherein, described screw feeder device comprises: be arranged on the driving roller shaft on described support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the screw feeder roller on driving roller shaft; Be arranged on the screw feeder blade on screw feeder roller and multiple plate tooth; Be arranged on the cover plate on support body above screw feeder roller; To be arranged on support body and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with screw feeder blade and plate tooth; Wherein, described concave grate offers straw outlet, and straw outlet is located at middle part or the one or both sides of concave grate.
Further, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise: be arranged on the transmission case on described support body; Be arranged on transmission case for the power shaft that is connected with described external motive device and the first output shaft; The power transmission shaft that its one end is connected with the first output shaft, its other end is connected with support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft; Be arranged on the drum shaft picking up axle, driving roller shaft and sward separator on described support body and parallel with power transmission shaft respectively; Be arranged on and pick up driving wheel on axle and follower; Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower; Be arranged on the axle on support body; Be arranged on the commutation regulating wheel on axle; Be arranged on the follower on driving roller shaft and driving wheel; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower and regulating wheel; Be arranged on the follower on sward separator drum shaft; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.
Or, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise: be arranged on the transmission case on described support body; Be arranged on transmission case for the power shaft that is connected with described external motive device and the first output shaft, the second output shaft; The power transmission shaft that its one end is connected with the first output shaft, its other end is connected with support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft; Be arranged on the drum shaft picking up axle, driving roller shaft and sward separator on described support body and parallel with power transmission shaft respectively;
Be arranged on the follower picked up on axle; Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower; Be arranged on the driving wheel on the second output shaft; Be arranged on the bearing housing assembly on support body or hitch frame; Be arranged on the axle on bearing housing assembly; Be arranged on the commutation driving gear on axle and follower; Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower; The power transmission shaft on support body is arranged on by bearing housing assembly; Be arranged on the commutation driven gear on power transmission shaft and Cardan shaft; The power transmission shaft on support body is arranged on by bearing housing; Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft; Be arranged on the drum shaft of driving roller shaft on support body and sward separator; Be arranged on the driving wheel on driving roller shaft and follower; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower; Be arranged on the follower on the drum shaft of sward separator; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.Or, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise: be arranged on the transmission case on described support body; Be arranged on the second output shaft on transmission case; Its one end is connected with the second output shaft, and its other end is arranged on the power transmission shaft on support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft; Be arranged on the drum shaft of driving roller shaft on support body and sward separator; Be arranged on the driving wheel on driving roller shaft and follower; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower; Be arranged on the follower on the drum shaft of sward separator; Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.
Further, also comprise and being arranged on described support body and the blower fan discharge device be connected with described sward separator, it has the fan for being accelerated to discharge by the stalk after described sward separator separation.
Preferably, described blower fan discharge device also comprises: be arranged on the Blower Housing on described support body; Be arranged on the discharging cylinder on Blower Housing; Wherein, described fan be arranged on described sward separator drum shaft on and be positioned at described Blower Housing; Wherein, the stalk after being separated pushes in described Blower Housing by described sward separator, and the stalk pushed in Blower Housing is discharged by discharging cylinder by described fan.
Or described blower fan discharge device also comprises: be arranged on the Blower Housing on described support body; The fan shaft on Blower Housing is arranged on by bearing housing; Be arranged on the fan on fan shaft; Be arranged on the discharging cylinder on Blower Housing; Wherein, the stalk after being separated pushes in described Blower Housing by described sward separator, and the stalk pushed in Blower Housing is discharged by discharging cylinder by described fan.
Especially, also comprise the fan drive for driving the fan of described blower fan discharge device to rotate, described fan drive comprises: be arranged on the driving wheel on the drum shaft of described sward separator; Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body; Be arranged on the power shaft on transmission case and output shaft; Be arranged on the follower on power shaft; Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower; Wherein, described fan shaft is connected with described output shaft by shaft coupling.
Wherein, described external motive device is four-wheel tractor; The output shaft of described four-wheel tractor is connected with transmission case by output transmission; Described output transmission comprises the first Cardan shaft for connecting described output shaft and described transmission case power shaft.
Further, also comprise the traction running gear be connected respectively with described four-wheel tractor and described support body, it comprises: be positioned at the hitch frame above described support body; The draft arm that its one end is connected with the draw hook of described four-wheel tractor, its other end is connected with hitch frame; Be arranged on the support body on hitch frame, it is hinged by rotating shaft and draft arm; The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with support body by journal stirrup; Its one end is connected with hitch frame by journal stirrup, the oil cylinder that its other end is connected with support body by journal stirrup; The support on support body is arranged on by bearing pin; The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with support by bearing pin; By the road wheel that axle is rack-mount; And the floating installation be arranged between hitch frame and support body.
Preferably, described floating installation comprises: be arranged on the support arm on described support body; Its one end is by adjusting the extension spring that bolt is connected with support arm, its other end is connected with support body by ear seat; The safe chain that its one end is connected with support arm by ear seat, its other end is connected with support body by ear seat; Wherein, regulated the extended length of described extension spring by described adjustment bolt, to reduce the limited depth roller of described pick-up unit and the resistance on platform surface, ridge.
Or described floating installation comprises: be arranged on the holder on described hitch frame; The extension spring that its one end is connected with described support body by ear seat, its other end is connected with holder by adjusting bolt; Wherein, regulated the extended length of described extension spring by described adjustment bolt, to reduce the limited depth roller of described pick-up unit and the resistance on platform surface, ridge.
Further, also comprise the depth stop running gear be connected with described support body, it comprises: be arranged on the hinge seat on described support body; Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm on hinge seat; The axle on limited depth roller support arm is arranged on by bearing housing; Be arranged on the road wheel on axle; The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with limited depth roller support arm and support body with pilot hole respectively by hinge bolt.
Preferably, described output transmission also comprises: be arranged on the power transmission shaft on described hitch frame by bearing housing; The second Cardan shaft that its one end is connected with transmission case by output shaft, its other end is connected with power transmission shaft; Wherein, one end of described first Cardan shaft is connected with power transmission shaft, and its other end is connected with the output shaft of four-wheel tractor.
Further, also comprise: at least one group of bellows device be connected with described pick-up unit, there is its exhaust outlet and aim at fan below described pick-up unit flail knife, for the stalk below described flail knife being blown afloat or blowing out stack, so that stalk is picked up by described flail knife.
Preferably, described bellows device comprises: be arranged on the power transmission shaft on described support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the bellows shell on crossbeam; Wherein, described fan is arranged in described bellows shell, and is connected with described power transmission shaft.
Further, also comprise: the draw-gear with hitch frame; The transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device; Wherein, described transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case on described hitch frame, and it is connected with the output shaft of described external motive device by the first Cardan shaft; Be arranged on the support arm on described support body; Be arranged on the power transmission shaft on support arm by bearing housing, it is connected with the first output shaft of described transmission case by Cardan shaft; Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft, its by driving-belt by transmission of power give described pick-up unit pick up axle.
Further, also comprise: the transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device; Wherein, described transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case on described support body, and it has the first output shaft and the second output shaft that extend laterally mutually; The Cardan shaft be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft be arranged on described support body; Pick up transmission mechanism, what be arranged on the first output shaft and described pick-up unit picks up between axle, for giving described pick-up unit by the transmission of power of described external motive device; Be arranged on the support arm on described support body; Be arranged on the power transmission shaft on support arm by bearing housing, it is connected with the first output shaft by sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, and by crossing transmission mechanism, power is passed to driving roller shaft and described sward separator respectively.
Or also comprise: the transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device, it comprises: be arranged on the transmission case on described support body, and it has the first output shaft and the second output shaft that extend laterally; The Cardan shaft be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft be arranged on described support body; Pick up separation transmission mechanism, respectively the drum shaft picking up axle and described screw feeder device or described first separator of connection for transmission axle, described pick-up unit; The separation transmission mechanism be connected respectively with the drum shaft of the second output shaft and described sward separator, for giving described sward separator by the transmission of power of described external motive device.
Wherein, described pick-up unit comprises: be arranged on the axle on described support body by bearing housing; Be arranged on the pick-up roller on axle, it is provided with multiple flail knife side by side; Be arranged on the upper cover keeping certain interval on support body and with the top of flail knife; Be arranged on the ear seat covered; Be arranged on the dead knife keeping certain interval inside upper cover and with the top of flail knife; Be arranged on the check apron on the support body before charging aperture.
Further, also comprise and pick up stopping means, it comprises: be arranged on the hinge seat on described support body; Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm on hinge seat; The depth stop roll shaft on limited depth roller support arm is arranged on by bearing housing; Be arranged on the limited depth roller on depth stop roll shaft; Be arranged on the swivel nut on described support body; Its top is arranged in swivel nut, its lower end removes handle by adjustment bolt with the adjustment that pilot hole and limited depth roller support arm are connected with support body.
Further, also comprise: with described pick-up unit pick up the bellows transmission device that axle is connected, for giving described bellows device by the transmission of power of described pick-up unit.
In addition, the utility model also provides one to pick up and is separated baling equipment, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator as above; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case on described baler for bank; The sward separation transmission mechanism be connected with the output shaft of transmission case, for passing to drum shaft and the driving roller shaft of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator respectively by the power of described transmission case.
Or what the utility model provided pick up is separated baling equipment and can adopts following structure, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator as above; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises: the first Cardan shaft be connected with the output shaft of described external motive device; Be arranged on the transmission case be connected on described baler for bank and with the first Cardan shaft; What be connected with the output shaft of transmission case picks up separation transmission mechanism, and what the power for being exported by described transmission case passed to the drum shaft of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator, driving roller shaft and pick-up unit respectively picks up axle.
Wherein, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the front lower place of the feeding mouth of described baler for bank, and be arranged in parallel with feeding mouth; Wherein, described baler for bank is side feed-type side bale baler for bank.
Further, the draw-gear for described external motive device being connected respectively with described baler for bank and described straw field pickup sward seperator is also comprised; Wherein, the draft arm of described draw-gear is connected respectively with the support body of described external motive device with described straw field pickup sward seperator; Wherein, described baler for bank is circle bale baler for bank or square bale baler for bank; Wherein, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the support body of described baler for bank or feeds on support body.
Preferably, the feeding unit of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator and screw feeder device or first separator and described baler for bank is combined, and is connected with feeding support body; Or, the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator and the feeding unit of described baler for bank combined, and with feeding support body be connected.
Or, the screw feeder device of described straw field pickup sward seperator and the feeding unit of first separator and sward separator and described baler for bank combined, and with feeding frame be connected.
Or the feeding unit of the bellows device of described straw field pickup sward seperator, screw feeder device and sward separator and described baler for bank is combined, and is connected with feeding support body.
Or the bellows device of described straw field pickup sward seperator is combined with pick-up unit and be connected with described hitch frame by hinge support arm; The combination of described bellows device and pick-up unit is placed on the below of the hitch frame of draw-gear, the front of feeding unit, or is arranged on the front lower place of screw feeder device or first separator.
Preferably, the support body of described straw field pickup sward seperator is provided with holder; Holder is connected with bolt one end with hinge support arm by connection holes; The other end of hinge support arm is connected with hitch frame by axle; Hitch frame is connected with described external motive device by draft arm, and hitch frame is connected with the support body of described baler for bank.
Preferably, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the below of hitch frame, the front lower place of described baler for bank and located side by side parallel with feeding unit.
Preferably, described straw field pickup sward seperator supports the use with circle bale baler for bank or square bale baler for bank, and is arranged on respectively on hitch frame and support body, or is arranged on support body and feeding support body.
Or separation baling equipment of picking up of the present utility model can also adopt following structure, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator as above; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises: the three-joint driveshaft that its one end is connected with the 3rd output shaft of the transmission case of described straw field pickup sward seperator; The transmission case that its power shaft is connected with the three-joint driveshaft other end; Wherein, described transmission case is arranged on hitch frame, or is arranged on the support body of stalk sward seperator.
In addition, the utility model also provides one to pick up separation harvesting apparatus, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator as above; The combine be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; Wherein, the power take-off of described straw field pickup sward seperator is connected by transmission mechanism with the axle of described combine outputting power, to give each device of described straw field pickup sward seperator by the transmission of power of described combine.
Preferably, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the back lower place of described combine; The support body front end of described straw field pickup sward seperator is provided with the hinge support arm hinged with the frame of combine; The slide fastener that oil cylinder is connected with described frame is provided with in the middle part of described support body.
Wherein, the draft arm for connecting is provided with between the support body of described straw field pickup sward seperator and described external motive device or described combine.
Wherein, the transmission case of described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on its support body, or is arranged on hitch frame, or is arranged on support body.
Wherein, the transmission case of described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on its support body, or is arranged on hitch frame, or is arranged on support body.
Compared with prior art, straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and have the baling equipment of this sward seperator and harvesting apparatus have structure simple, easy to use, gather multi-function in integral whole, can realize the crushing straw in furrow being picked up results and the advantage separated completely by earth, improve operating efficiency, reduce labour intensity, be suitable for industrial applications.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the straw field pickup sward seperator of the first structure of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the straw field pickup sward seperator of the utility model the second structure;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the straw field pickup sward seperator of the separation barrel both sides Lysimachia sikokiana of the utility model the second structure;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the straw field pickup sward seperator of the separation barrel side Lysimachia sikokiana of the utility model the second structure;
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of a kind of kind of drive of straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is the structure chart of a kind of kind of drive of straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is the straw field pickup sward separator structure schematic diagram that the utility model adopts crosswind cylinder Lysimachia sikokiana;
Figure 10 is the vertical view of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is the straw field pickup sward separator structure schematic diagram of rear-mounted air duct Lysimachia sikokiana of the present utility model;
Figure 12 is the vertical view of Figure 11;
Figure 13 is straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and the matching used structural representation of four-wheel tractor suspension type;
Figure 14 is straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and four-wheel tractor is towed supports the use the first structural representation;
Figure 15 is straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and four-wheel tractor is towed supports the use the second structural representation;
Figure 16 is the vertical view of Figure 15;
Figure 17 is straw field pickup sward seperator and square bundle baler the first structural representation matching used in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 18 is the vertical view of Figure 17;
Figure 19 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used the second structural representation of square bundle baler in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 20 is the vertical view of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is straw field pickup sward seperator and square bundle baler the third structural representation matching used in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 22 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used 4th kind of structural representation of square bundle baler in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 23 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used 5th kind of structural representation of square bundle baler in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 24 is straw field pickup sward seperator and circle bale briquetter the first structural representation matching used in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 25 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used the second structural representation of circle bale briquetter in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 26 is straw field pickup sward seperator and circle bale briquetter the third structural representation matching used in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 27 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used 4th kind of structural representation of circle bale briquetter in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the kind of drive adopted when straw field pickup sward seperator supports the use with circle bale briquetter in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 29 is straw field pickup sward seperator and side feed-type square bundle baler the first structural representation matching used in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 30 is the vertical view of Figure 29;
Figure 31 is straw field pickup sward seperator and the matching used the second structural representation of side feed-type square bundle baler in straw field pickup baling equipment of the present utility model;
Figure 32 is the structural representation of straw field pickup harvesting apparatus of the present utility model.
Reference numeral: 1-upper cover; 2-bolt; Handle is removed in 3-adjustment; 4-ear seat; 5-driving-chain; 6-concave grate front end-plate; 7-commutates regulating wheel; 8-ear seat; 9-cover plate; 10-feeding mouth; 11-sward separator; 12-straw outlet; 13-follower; 14-drum shaft; 15-separate roller; 16, plate tooth; 17-driving-chain; 18-intaglio plate sieves; 19-commutates regulating wheel; The first separator of 20-; 22-driving roller shaft; 23-limited depth roller; 24-depth stop roll shaft; 25-hinge bolt; 26-pilot hole; 27-limited depth roller support arm; 28-flail knife axle; 29-driving wheel; 30-pick-up roller; 32-follower; 33-flail knife; 34-dead knife; 35-check apron; 36-fixture; 37-driving-belt; 38-power shaft; 39-transmission case; 40-output shaft; 41-connection holes; 42-straw field pickup separator; 43-bearing housing; 44-follower; 45-driving wheel; 46-axle; 47-bearing housing; 48-sieve aperture; 49-picks up axle; 52-driving wheel; 53-bearing housing; 54-flail knife seat; 55-power transmission shaft; 56-bolt; 57-holder; 58-support body; 59-prerotation vane; 60-bearing housing; 61-screw feeder roller; 62-screw feeder straw outlet; 63-separation barrel straw outlet; 64-screw feeder blade; 65-screw feeder straw outlet; 66-aerofoil formula flail knife; 67-separation barrel straw outlet; 68-screw feeder straw outlet; 69-separation barrel straw outlet; 70-wing type flail knife; The board-like flail knife of 71-; 72-screw feeder straw outlet; 73-separation barrel straw outlet; 74-driving wheel; 75-second output shaft; 76-driving-belt; 77-follower; 78-axle; 79-bearing housing assembly; 80-driving-chain; 81-driving-chain; 82-driving wheel; 83-power transmission shaft; 84-bearing housing; 85-Cardan shaft; 86-power transmission shaft; 87-commutates driven gear; 88-bearing housing assembly; 89-holder; The board-like L-type flail knife of 90-; 91-claw flail knife; 92-commutates driving gear; 93-power transmission shaft; 94-bearing housing; 95-driving wheel; 96-driving-chain; 97-discharging cylinder; 98-Blower Housing; 99-separator; 102-fan; 104-follower; 105-power shaft; 106-transmission case; 107-output shaft; 108-shaft coupling; 109-bearing housing; 112-axle; 113-driving-belt; 114-driving wheel; 115-four-wheel tractor; 116-ear seat; 117-four-wheel tractor crane; 118-first Cardan shaft; 119-output shaft; 122-journal stirrup; 123-oil cylinder; 124-road wheel; 125-bearing housing; 126-axle; 128-draft arm; 129-draw hook; 132-hitch frame; The safe chain of 133-; 134-ear seat; 135-journal stirrup; 136-adjusts bolt; 137-oil cylinder; 138-journal stirrup; 139-journal stirrup; 142-support body; 143-oil cylinder; 144-journal stirrup; 145-journal stirrup; 146-oil cylinder; 147-lock tube; 148-axle; 149-extension spring; 150-ear seat; 152-bearing pin; 153-support; 154-bearing pin; 155-second Cardan shaft; 156-bearing housing; 157-power transmission shaft; 158-draft arm; 159-bearing pin; 160-support arm; 163-road wheel; 164-rotating shaft; 165-second driving wheel; 167-the 3rd output shaft; 168-three-joint driveshaft; 169-oil cylinder; 172-holder; 173-holder; 174-extension spring; 175-baler for bank; 176-feeding unit; 178-support arm; 179-hinge support arm; 182-axle; 183-draft arm; 184-journal stirrup; 185-oil cylinder; 186-lock tube; 187-bearing housing; 188-road wheel; 189-axle; 190-bearing housing; 191-power transmission shaft; 192-hinge support arm; 193-bearing pin; 194-driving-belt; 195-follower; 196-bellows axle; 197-bellows; 198-guide duct; 199-driving wheel; 200-journal stirrup; 201-bearing pin; 202-driving-belt; 203-hitch frame; 204-bolt; 206-support arm; 207-feeds support body; 208-feeding mouth; 209-follower; 210-follower; 212-driving wheel; 213-support; 214-holder; 215-bolt; 216-circle bale baler for bank; 217-power shaft; 218-transmission case; 219-output shaft; 220-driving wheel; 221-axle; 223-driving wheel; 224-driving-belt; 225-charging aperture; 226-driving wheel; 227-driving-chain; 228-side feed-type side bale baler for bank; 234-Cardan shaft; 236-bearing pin; 237-feeding mouth; 238-side feeding unit; 310-driving wheel; 311-driving-belt; 312-follower; 313-support body; 410-air-out is chewed; 411-knotter; 412-side's bale baler for bank; 500-drum upper cover; 600-charging aperture; 601-hinge seat; 602-bearing housing; 700-combine; 701-oil cylinder; 702-slide fastener; 703-driving-belt; 704-hinge support arm; 705-axle; 706-driving wheel; 707-frame; 708-power input wheel; 800-safe hinge; 900-screw feeder device; 949-exhaust outlet; 950-driving wheel; 951-driving-chain; 952-follower; 953-power transmission shaft; 954-bearing housing; 955-bellows shell; 956-fan; 957-crossbeam; 960-bellows device; 1000-pick-up unit; 3000-journal stirrup; 4000-extension spring; 5000-strutbeam; 5001-lock pin; 5002-hinge; 6000-bale.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, for the schematic diagram of the first structure of straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model, as seen from the figure, it comprises: external motive device 115 (see Figure 13), support body 58, be arranged on support body 58 and the pick-up unit 1000 (see Figure 32) be connected with external motive device and sward separator 11, in addition, also comprise: to be arranged on support body 58 and first separator 20 between pick-up unit and sward separator; Wherein, first separator and pick-up unit, sward separator difference parallel side-by-side are placed; Wherein, first separator is picked up material for what receive that pick-up unit throws away, and by being separated from stalk by the part earth picked up in material of receiving, again the stalk of remove portion earth is sent to sward separator, and sward separator receives the stalk of the earth of remove portion transmitted from first separator, and all the other earth in stalk are all removed, then stalk is discharged from straw outlet.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, support body 58 of the present utility model is basic building block, it is settled pick-up unit 1000, sward separator 11 and the first separator 20 between two covering devices, wherein, the driving roller shaft 22 picking up axle 49, for the first time separator of pick-up unit, the drum shaft 14 side by side parallel arrangement successively of sward separator.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, pick-up unit comprises: be arranged on by bearing housing 43 and support body 58 picks up axle 49; Be arranged on the pick-up roller 30 picked up on axle 49, it be provided with side by side multiple flail knife 33; Be arranged on the upper cover 1 keeping certain interval on support body 58 and with the top of flail knife 33; Be arranged on the ear seat 116 (see Figure 13) on upper cover 1; Be arranged on the dead knife 34 keeping certain interval inside upper cover 1 and with the top of flail knife 33; Be arranged on the check apron 35 on the charging aperture 600 (see Fig. 3) that is arranged at before support body 58.
When picking up axle 49 High Rotation Speed, pick-up roller 30 and flail knife High Rotation Speed mounted thereto can be driven, the flail knife rotated has the function picking up, cut and produce wind, the stalk of standing or falling can be cut, picks up, and dead knife 34 by stalks cutting, rub to length and meet the requirements.It should be noted that, although flail knife has the function producing wind, the stalk in small, broken bits in furrow can be made to be in suspended state, flail knife need not be put in furrow, also need not just can completely stalk all be picked up with touching, but, due to can earth be mingled with in the stalk in furrow, therefore when straw field pickup in small, broken bits gets up by flail knife, also the earth be mixed in stalk can be picked up simultaneously, and, under being mingled with the effect of stalk (namely by the material picked up) centrifugal force when flail knife High Rotation Speed of earth, throw in first separator 20 along flail knife and upper cover.
Wherein, flail knife of the present utility model is arranged on pick-up roller by flail knife seat, can be one or more combinations wherein such as aerofoil formula flail knife 66, wing type flail knife 70, board-like flail knife 71, board-like L-type flail knife 90, claw flail knife 91, also can adopt flail knife of the prior art.
Further, also comprise and pick up stopping means, it comprises: be arranged on the hinge seat 601 on support body 58; Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm 27 on hinge seat 601 (see Fig. 3); The depth stop roll shaft 24 on limited depth roller support arm 27 is arranged on by bearing housing 602; Be arranged on the limited depth roller 23 on depth stop roll shaft 24; Be arranged on the swivel nut 2 on support body 58; Its top is arranged in swivel nut 2, its lower end is removed 3 with the adjustment that pilot hole 26 and limited depth roller support arm 27 are connected with support body 58 by adjustment bolt 25.
Wherein, the first separator of this kind of structure comprises: be arranged on the driving roller shaft 22 on support body 58 by bearing housing; Be arranged on the separate roller 15 on driving roller shaft 22; Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth 16 on separate roller 15; Be arranged on the cover plate 9 on support body 58; Be arranged on the ear seat 4 on cover plate 9; Be arranged on the strutbeam 5000 on support body 58; Be arranged on the lock pin 5001 on strutbeam 5000; To be arranged on by hinge 5002 and lock pin 5001 (Reference numeral 5000,5001,5002 is see Figure 29) on the support body 58 being positioned at separate roller 15 periphery and to keep the concave grate 18 of certain interval with plate tooth 16 top, being positioned at the below of driving roller shaft; Be arranged on the concave grate front end-plate 6 of concave grate 18 front end.
To be picked up material when pick-up unit throws after first separator 20, will be pressed to the concave grate 18 being positioned at first separation unit bottoms under the separate roller 15 of High Rotation Speed and the acting in conjunction of plate tooth 16 by the material picked up; Because the proportion of earth is than stalk weight, so when being picked up material and being rotated along with separate roller, the centrifugal force of earth is larger than the centrifugal force of straw, therefore, under the influence of centrifugal force, can be separated from the sorting hole of concave grate by the earth in the material picked up, and lighter stalk is thrown in sward separator inside concave grate.
It should be noted that, in first separator, can not be separated from stalk completely by the earth in the material picked up, therefore, throw in the stalk of sward separator and be still mingled with a small amount of earth.
Wherein, the sward separator of this kind of structure can adopt the structure identical with first separator, thus through the secondary separation effect of two concave grates, the earth be mingled with is completely segregated away in stalk.
Or the sward separator of this kind of structure can also adopt the structure of the sward separator of prior art, is not described at this to its structure.
Or the sward separator 11 of this kind of structure can also adopt the structure with prerotation vane, as shown in Fig. 3-Fig. 8, this sward separator comprises: be arranged on the drum shaft 14 on support body 58 by bearing housing 47; Be arranged on the separate roller 15 on drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth 16 on separate roller 15; To be arranged on support body 58 and the drum upper cover 500 be positioned at above separate roller 15; Be welded on the prerotation vane 59 for guiding the stalk direction of motion inside drum upper cover 500; To be fixedly mounted on support body 58 and to keep the concave grate 18 of certain interval with plate tooth crest (concave grate can be structure as a whole with the concave grate of first separator, also can be that then Split type structure connects as one), be positioned at below separate roller, and drum upper cover and concave grate connect into the cylindrical shell that sidewall has opening, this cylindrical shell is looped around separate roller periphery.Wherein, concave grate 18 offers the grass feeding port for connecting with the straw outlet of first separator and the straw outlet for discharging stalk, that is, the opening on cylindrical shell is grass feeding port; Wherein, prerotation vane 59 has gap with the top of plate tooth 16, to be separated through separate roller 15 stalk after earth to move to concave grate straw outlet along prerotation vane 59, and discharges via straw outlet; Wherein, straw outlet can be arranged on the middle part (as shown in Figure 4) of concave grate, also can be arranged on the side (as Figure 6-Figure 8) of concave grate; Or straw outlet also can be two, as shown in Figure 5, be separately positioned on the both sides of concave grate.
Preferably, drum upper cover 500 forms the fraction housing of described cylindrical shell, concave grate forms most of housing of described cylindrical shell, the prerotation vane be welded on inside drum upper cover 500 is multiple, each prerotation vane is arc-shaped flaky body, its top is welded on inside drum upper cover, bottom extends along the radial direction of drum shaft towards the direction of drum shaft, and prerotation vane bottom and plate tooth tip have certain interval, preferably, the arcing surface of prerotation vane end camber line and concave grate linear circular (as shown in Figure 3).For the ease of stalk being pushed to by prerotation vane the straw outlet of concave grate, prerotation vane is axially arranged with certain angle of inclination along drum shaft.
Wherein, when straw outlet is one and is arranged on the middle part of concave grate, multiple prerotation vane is divided into two groups along drum shaft 14, often group comprises multiple parallel prerotation vane, and two groups of prerotation vanes tilt (as shown in Figure 4) towards the direction that can close up, two prerotation vanes nearest in two groups of prerotation vanes can close up at straw outlet 63 place.
When the stalk being mingled with part earth is thrown after the grass feeding port of the concave grate of sward separator by screw feeder device, the stalk being mingled with part earth is pressed to the sorting hole of the concave grate being positioned at sward separation unit bottoms by the separate roller 15 of sward separator and plate tooth 16, under separate roller 15 continues the effect rotating the centrifugal force formed, the part earth be mingled with in stalk can be separated completely from sorting hole, and the stalk being no longer mingled with earth can be promoted by plate tooth, the straw outlet place be positioned in the middle part of concave grate is helically moved to along the multiple prerotation vanes often organized, and thrown in next device under the effect of plate tooth.
And when straw outlet is one and is arranged on the side of concave grate, multiple prerotation vane tilts (as Figure 6-Figure 8) towards the direction of straw outlet 73, thus the stalk that earth is completely segregated away is pushed to straw outlet 73 along prerotation vane.
When straw outlet is two and is arranged on the both sides of concave grate, multiple prerotation vane is divided into two groups along drum shaft 14, often group comprises multiple parallel prerotation vane, and two groups of prerotation vanes tilt (as shown in Figure 5) towards the direction deviated from mutually, in two groups of prerotation vanes, distance two prerotation vanes are farthest respectively near two straw outlets 67,69, thus the stalk making earth be completely segregated away is pushed to two straw outlet places along two groups of prerotation vanes, and discharge from two straw outlets.
It should be noted that, the utility model people is after learning that earth can not be separated by the straw field pickup sward seperator of prior art completely from stalk, through long-term field observation and research, what find to be separated through secondary concave grate is picked up material and can be solved the problem, and arranges the better effects if that prerotation vane can make earth be separated above the concave grate (i.e. the concave grate of sward separator) be especially separated at second time earth.Therefore, inventor arranges prerotation vane on the sward separator of this kind of structure, compared to the sward separator not arranging prerotation vane in prior art above separate roller 15, ensure that to be completely removed, to make the stalk of discharge by the earth picked up in material more totally clean, be beneficial to postorder for livestock edible, and, adopt prerotation vane that stalk can be guided to accelerate to move towards straw outlet direction, accelerate the velocity of discharge, improve the operating efficiency of straw field pickup sward seperator.
Also it should be noted that, sward separator arranges prerotation vane, material can be made namely to move in a circle around cylinder, also material can be made to move axially along cylinder simultaneously, sward separation is carried out when material is in concave grate region, bottom, along prerotation vane axially-movable when material is in top, it should be noted that, when plate tooth promotion material moves in a circle around cylinder, the linear velocity of the plate tooth tip portion of cylinder is at 20-30 meter per second, produce very large centrifugal force, the earth carried secretly in stalk (material) outer layers can do centrifugal motion, proportion due to earth is more than 200 times of stalk (material), the centrifugal force of earth is much larger than stalk (material), so earth is dished out from the hole (or finedraw) of concave grate, material limit peripheral motor in cylinder, edge prerotation vane axially-movable, limit is separated earth, finally clean stalk is pushed discharges separation barrel to straw outlet, this sward separator volume is little, structure is simple, sward good separating effect, this is also core component of the present utility model.
Further, the straw field pickup sward seperator of this kind of structure also comprise connect external motive device pick up separation transmission device, this is picked up and is separated transmission device and can adopts drive mechanism as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 4 shows: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on support body 58; Be arranged on transmission case 39 for the power shaft 38 that is connected with external motive device and the first output shaft 40; The power transmission shaft 55 that its one end is connected with the first output shaft 40, its other end is connected with support body 58 by bearing housing 53, is parallel to and picks up axle; Be arranged on and on support body and parallel pick up axle 49, driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the driving wheel 52 on power transmission shaft 55; Be arranged on and pick up driving wheel 29 on axle 49 and follower 32; Be arranged on the driving-belt 37 on driving wheel 52 and follower 32; Be arranged on the axle 46 on support body 58, be parallel to and pick up axle and between driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the commutation regulating wheel 7,19 on axle 46; Be arranged on the follower 44 on driving roller shaft 22 and driving wheel 45; Be arranged on the driving-chain 5 on driving wheel 29 and follower 44, driving-chain 5 is by the tensioning of commutation regulating wheel 7,19; Be arranged on the follower 13 on sward separator drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the driving-chain 17 on driving wheel 45 and follower 13.By as shown in Figure 1 pick up separation transmission device, the power of external motive device is taken up in order of priority pass to and picks up axle 49, driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14, thus pick-up unit, first separator, sward separator are completed respectively respective to pick up, first sward is separated, the function that is separated of sward again.
Or, this kind of structure pick up be separated transmission device can also adopt drive mechanism as shown in Figure 7: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on support body 58; Be arranged on transmission case 39 for the power shaft 38 that is connected with external motive device and the first output shaft 40, second output shaft 75, first output shaft and opposing setting of the second output shaft; The power transmission shaft 55 that its one end is connected with the first output shaft 40, its other end is connected with support body 58 by bearing housing 53, is parallel to and picks up axle 49; Be arranged on and on support body and parallel pick up axle 49, driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the driving wheel 52 on power transmission shaft 55; Be arranged on the follower 32 picked up on axle 49; For connecting the driving-belt 37 of driving wheel 52 and follower 32; Be arranged on the driving wheel 74 on the second output shaft 75; Be arranged on the bearing housing assembly 88 on support body 58; Be arranged on the axle 78 on bearing housing assembly 88; Be arranged on the commutation driving gear 92 on axle 78 and follower 77; Be arranged on the driving-belt 76 on driving wheel 74 and follower 77; The power transmission shaft 86 on support body 58 is arranged on by bearing housing assembly 79; Be arranged on the commutation driven gear 87 on power transmission shaft 86 and Cardan shaft 85; The power transmission shaft 83 on support body 58 is arranged on by bearing housing 84; Be arranged on the driving wheel 82 on power transmission shaft 83; Be arranged on the driving wheel 45 on driving roller shaft and follower 44; Be arranged on the driving-chain 81 on driving wheel 82 and follower 44; Be arranged on the follower 13 on the drum shaft of sward separator; Be arranged on the driving-chain 80 on driving wheel 45 and follower 13.Adopt the transmission device shown in Fig. 7, the power of external motive device is passed to pick-up unit by the first output shaft, pick-up unit is completed and picks up function; By the second output shaft, power is passed to first separator/screw feeder device and sward separator successively, thus make first separator/screw feeder device, sward separator complete respectively first sward be separated, again sward be separated function.
Or, this kind of structure pick up be separated transmission device can also adopt drive mechanism as shown in Figure 8 (can the screw feeder device in Fig. 8 be changed into first separator), it comprises: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on support body 58; Be arranged on transmission case 39 for the power shaft 38 that is connected with external motive device and the first output shaft 40, second output shaft 75, first output shaft and opposing setting of the second output shaft; The power transmission shaft 55 that its one end is connected with the first output shaft 40, its other end is connected with support body 58 by bearing housing 53, is parallel to and picks up axle 49; Be arranged on and on support body and parallel pick up axle 49, driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the driving wheel 52 on power transmission shaft 55; Be arranged on the follower 32 picked up on axle 49; For connecting the driving-belt 37 of driving wheel 52 and follower 32; Be arranged on the driving wheel 95 on the second output shaft 75; Be arranged on the follower 44 on driving roller shaft 22 and driving wheel 45; Connect the driving-chain 96 of driving wheel 95 and follower 44; Be arranged on the follower 13 on drum shaft 14, connect the driving-chain 17 of driving wheel 45 and follower 13.Adopt the transmission device shown in Fig. 8, the power of external motive device is passed to pick-up unit by the first output shaft, pick-up unit is completed and picks up function; By the second output shaft, power is passed to first separator/screw feeder device and sward separator successively, thus make first separator/screw feeder device, sward separator complete respectively first sward be separated, again sward be separated function.
As shown in Fig. 3-Fig. 8, for the schematic diagram of straw field pickup sward seperator the second structure of the present utility model, as seen from the figure, the structure of this straw field pickup sward seperator is substantially identical with the first structure, unlike, the first separator in the first structure is replaced with screw feeder device 900.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, screw feeder device 900 comprises: be arranged on the driving roller shaft 22 on support body 58 by bearing housing 60; Be arranged on the screw feeder roller 61 on driving roller shaft 22; Be arranged on the spiral screw feeder blade 64 on screw feeder roller 61 and multiple plate tooth 16, multiple plate tooth can be positioned at screw feeder blade side (as Fig. 6-Fig. 8), also can be positioned at screw feeder blade both sides (as shown in Figure 4), can also be positioned at (as shown in Figure 5) in the middle part of screw feeder blade; Be arranged on the cover plate 9 above screw feeder roller 61 on support body 58; Being arranged on support body 58 and keeping the concave grate 18 of certain interval with screw feeder blade 64 and plate tooth 16, ring is located at the periphery of screw feeder roller; Wherein, concave grate 18 offers straw outlet, and straw outlet is located at middle part or the one or both sides of concave grate 18.
Wherein, when the straw outlet of screw feeder device 900 has two, the both sides of concave grate 18 can be separately positioned on, now, screw feeder blade 64 on screw feeder roller 61 is included in the left-handed two parts blade (as shown in Figure 4) contrary with rotation direction that is dextrorotation of difference on screw feeder roller, thus when being picked up material from being thrown by pick-up unit after in screw feeder device 900, at the separate roller 15 of High Rotation Speed, screw feeder blade 64, and pressed to picking up material the concave grate 18 be positioned at below separate roller under the acting in conjunction of plate tooth 16, simultaneously, material is pushed to straw outlet 62 and the straw outlet 65 (as shown in Figure 4) of screw feeder device along the rotation direction of screw feeder blade 64, and under the effect of plate tooth 16, material is advanced sward separator 11.
When the straw outlet of screw feeder device 900 only has one, the centre position (as shown in Figure 5) of concave grate 18 can be arranged on, now, it is contrary and be positioned at two parts blade at screw feeder roller 61 two ends that screw feeder blade 64 is included in rotation direction on screw feeder roller, thus picked up thrown after in screw feeder device 900 from pick-up unit when picking up material, at separate roller 15, screw feeder blade 64, under the acting in conjunction of plate tooth 16 and concave grate 18, can be separated by the part earth picked up in material, the stalk being mingled with a small amount of earth is pushed to the straw outlet 68 of screw feeder device along the rotation direction of screw feeder blade 64.
When the straw outlet of screw feeder device 900 only has one, the side (as Figure 6-Figure 8) of concave grate 18 can also be positioned at, now, the rotation direction of the screw feeder blade 64 on screw feeder roller is identical, thus when being picked up material from being thrown by pick-up unit after in screw feeder device 900, under the acting in conjunction of separate roller 15, screw feeder blade 64, plate tooth 16 and concave grate 18, can be separated by the part earth picked up in material, the stalk being mingled with a small amount of earth is pushed to the straw outlet 72 of screw feeder device along the rotation direction of screw feeder blade 64.
It should be noted that, when arranging screw feeder device 900 between pick-up unit and sward separator, sward separator must arrange prerotation vane, and when adopting first separator to replace screw feeder device, sward separator just cannot arrange prerotation vane, because, when arranging first separator between pick-up unit and sward separator, sward separator just cannot arrange prerotation vane, because when being thrown in first separator 20 by the material picked up from pick-up unit, at separate roller 15, under the acting in conjunction of plate tooth 16, material is pressed towards bottom concave grate from the front portion of separate roller carries out sward initial gross separation, material is dished out from the rear portion of separate roller, material only has radial motion, there is no axially-movable, material is not be discharged from straw outlet, but be discharged from whole axial fabric width, now, sward separator just cannot arrange prerotation vane, because material enters sward separator from whole axial width, at separate roller 15, under the acting in conjunction of plate tooth 16, concave grate material being pressed to again bottom from the front end of separate roller carries out second time sward and is separated, material is dished out from the rear end of separate roller, twice separation of material is all radial motion, if if when material is arranged into sward separator by straw outlet structure, material just has the space of axially-movable, also just can prerotation vane be set.
In addition, as shown in figures 3-8, the straw field pickup sward seperator of this kind of structure also comprises the bellows device 960 be connected with pick-up unit, and bellows device can be set to one group, also can be set to many groups according to the quantity of furrow.Preferably, bellows device comprises: be arranged on the power transmission shaft 953 on support body 58 by bearing housing 954; Be arranged on the bellows shell 955 on the crossbeam 957 of support body 58; Wherein, fan 956 is arranged in bellows shell 955, and be connected with power transmission shaft 953, and power transmission shaft 953 is parallel with picking up axle 49, be provided with driving wheel 950 picking up on axle 49, power transmission shaft 953 is provided with follower 952, and driving wheel 950, follower 952 are connected by driving-chain 951, thus will the transmission of power of axle be picked up to power transmission shaft 953, and then pass to the fan 956 be arranged on power transmission shaft 953.
Wherein, the exhaust outlet 949 of fan 956 aims at the below of the flail knife of pick-up unit, when fan 956 rotates, the wind produced is discharged and the lower zone of vertical point under blowing to flail knife from exhaust outlet 949, material of being picked up on alley is blown up, or be blown to stack, thus the flail knife of pick-up unit is facilitated to be picked up.Compared to prior art, adopt bellows device, be more conducive to the material in ground and furrow to pick up.
It should be noted that, above-mentioned bellows device also can be applied on the straw field pickup sward seperator of the first structure.
As shown in Fig. 9-Figure 12, for the schematic diagram of straw field pickup sward seperator air duct Lysimachia sikokiana structure of the present utility model, wherein, Fig. 9, Figure 10 are the schematic diagram that straw field pickup sward seperator adopts crosswind cylinder Lysimachia sikokiana, and Figure 11, Figure 12 are the schematic diagram that straw field pickup sward seperator adopts rear-mounted air duct Lysimachia sikokiana.
From Fig. 9-Figure 12, the structure of the straw field pickup sward seperator of this kind of structure carries out improving on the basis of above-mentioned two kinds of structures, support body is provided with the blower fan discharge device be connected with sward separator, and the stalk after the separation of sward separator is accelerated to discharge by fan 102 by blower fan discharge device.
Concrete, as shown in Figure 9, Figure 10, blower fan discharge device can adopt following structure: be arranged on the Blower Housing 98 on support body 58; Be arranged on the discharging cylinder 97 on Blower Housing 98; Wherein, fan 102 be arranged on sward separator drum shaft 14 on and be positioned at Blower Housing 98.
When the stalk after being separated pushes to after in Blower Housing 98 by sward separator, the stalk pushed in Blower Housing 98 is discharged by discharging cylinder 97 by the fan 102 rotated along with drum shaft 14.
Or as shown in Figure 11, Figure 12, blower fan discharge device can also adopt following structure: be arranged on the Blower Housing 98 on support body 58; The fan shaft 112 on Blower Housing 98 is arranged on by bearing housing 109; Be arranged on the fan 102 on fan shaft 112; Be arranged on the discharging cylinder 97 on Blower Housing 98; Wherein, the stalk after being separated pushes to after in Blower Housing 98 by sward separator, and the stalk pushed in Blower Housing 98 is discharged by discharging cylinder 97 by fan 102.
Wherein, the blower fan discharge device of this structure is connected with sward separator by fan drive, and this fan drive comprises: be arranged on the driving wheel 114 on the drum shaft 14 of sward separator; Be arranged on the transmission case 106 on support body 58; Be arranged on the power shaft 105 on transmission case 106 and output shaft 107; Be arranged on the follower 104 on power shaft 105; Be arranged on the driving-belt 113 on driving wheel 114 and follower 104; Wherein, fan shaft 112 is connected with output shaft 107 by shaft coupling 108, and fan 102 is arranged on fan shaft 112.Pass through fan drive, the transmission of power had by the drum shaft of sward separator is on the fan shaft of blower fan discharge device, thus drive fan 102 rotates, and then discharged by discharging cylinder 97 by the stalk pushed in Blower Housing 98, thus improve the operating efficiency of straw field pickup sward seperator.
As Figure 13-Figure 16, the external motive device for straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model adopts structural representation during four-wheel tractor 115, and as seen from the figure, the power take-off 119 of four-wheel tractor 115 is connected with transmission case 39 by output transmission.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 13, Figure 14, output transmission can comprise the first Cardan shaft 118 of the power shaft 38 for connecting power take-off 119 and transmission case 39, thus the power exported by four-wheel tractor 115 passes to each output shaft of transmission case through power shaft 38, to drive each device work.
As shown in figure 14, when each device of four-wheel tractor and straw field pickup sward seperator adopts towed supporting the use, this straw field pickup sward seperator also comprises the depth stop running gear be connected with support body 58, and this depth stop running gear comprises: be arranged on the hinge seat 601 on support body 58; Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm 27 on hinge seat 601; The axle 126 on limited depth roller support arm 27 is arranged on by bearing housing 602 (see Fig. 5); Be arranged on the road wheel 124 on axle 126; The oil cylinder 123 that its one end is connected with support body 58 by journal stirrup 122, its other end is connected with limited depth roller support arm 27 and support body 58 with pilot hole 26 respectively by hinge bolt 25.And regulated the height on road wheel 124 ground relatively by oil cylinder 123, hinge bolt 25, pilot hole 26, limited depth roller support arm 27, so that each device of straw field pickup sward seperator is in best duty.
Or as shown in Figure 15, Figure 16, when each device of four-wheel tractor and straw field pickup sward seperator adopts towed supporting the use, output transmission can also adopt following structure: be arranged on the power transmission shaft 157 on hitch frame 132 by bearing housing 156; The second Cardan shaft 155 that power shaft 38 is connected with transmission case 39, its other end is connected with power transmission shaft 157 is passed through in its one end; Wherein, one end of first Cardan shaft 118 is connected with power transmission shaft 157, its other end is connected with the power take-off 119 of four-wheel tractor 115, thus the power exported by four-wheel tractor 115 passes to each output shaft of transmission case through power shaft 38, to drive each device work.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 15,16, when each device of four-wheel tractor and straw field pickup sward seperator adopts towed supporting the use, the traction running gear be connected respectively with four-wheel tractor 115 and support body 58 comprises: be positioned at the hitch frame 132 above support body 58; The draft arm 158 that its one end is connected with the draw hook 129 of four-wheel tractor 115, its other end is connected with hitch frame 132; Being arranged on hitch frame 132 and being positioned at the support body 142 at its rear, it is hinged by rotating shaft 164 and hitch frame 132; The oil cylinder 143 that its one end is connected with support body 142 by journal stirrup 139, its other end is connected with support body 58 by journal stirrup 144; Its one end is connected with hitch frame 132 by journal stirrup 135, the oil cylinder 137 that its other end is connected with support body 142 by journal stirrup 138; The support 153 on support body 142 is arranged on by bearing pin 154; The oil cylinder 146 that its one end is connected with support body 142 by journal stirrup 145, its other end is connected with support 153 by bearing pin 152; The road wheel 163 on support 153 is arranged on by axle 148; And the floating installation be arranged between hitch frame 132 and support body 58.
Preferably, floating installation can adopt the structure as shown in Figure 15, Figure 16, and it comprises: be arranged on the support arm 160 on support body 142; The extension spring 149 that its one end is connected with support arm 160 by adjustment bolt 136, its other end is connected with support body 58 by ear seat 150; The safe chain 133 that its one end is connected with support arm 160 by ear seat 134, its other end is connected with support body 58 by ear seat 116; Wherein, regulated the extended length of extension spring 149 by adjustment bolt 136, to reduce the resistance between the limited depth roller 23 of pick-up unit and alley upper surface, thus make pick-up unit profiling flexible, by clean for the straw field pickup on alley.
Or floating installation can also adopt structure as shown in figure 17: be arranged on the holder 173 on hitch frame; The extension spring 174 that its one end is connected with support body 58 by ear seat 150, its other end is connected with holder 173 by adjusting bolt 136; Wherein, regulated the extended length of extension spring 149 by adjustment bolt 136, to reduce the resistance between the limited depth roller 23 of pick-up unit and alley upper surface, thus make pick-up unit profiling flexible, by clean for the straw field pickup on alley.
Or when straw field pickup sward seperator has draw-gear, its transmission of power can be given other device by the transmission device as shown in Figure 19, Figure 20 by external motive device.Concrete, as shown in Figure 19,20, draw-gear has hitch frame 203, and transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on hitch frame 203, and it is connected with the power take-off 119 of external motive device by the first Cardan shaft 118; Be arranged on the support arm 178 on support body 58; Be arranged on the power transmission shaft 191 on support arm 178 by bearing housing 190, it is connected with the first output shaft 40 of transmission case 39 by Cardan shaft 234; Be arranged on the driving wheel 52 on power transmission shaft 191, transmission of power is picked up axle 49 to pick-up unit by driving-belt 37 by it.
Or when straw field pickup sward seperator has draw-gear, its transmission of power can also be given other device by transmission device as shown in figure 21 by external motive device.Concrete, transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on support body 58, and it has opposing the first output shaft 40 and the second output shaft 75 stretched out; The Cardan shaft 234 be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft 191 be arranged on support body; Pick up transmission mechanism, what be arranged on power transmission shaft 191 and pick-up unit picks up between axle 49, for the transmission of power of power transmission shaft 191 is picked up axle to pick-up unit, thus makes pick-up unit, bellows device work; Be arranged on the support arm 206 on support body 58; Be arranged on the power transmission shaft 83 on support arm 206 by bearing housing 84, it is connected with the second output shaft 75 by sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, and by transition transmission mechanism, power is passed to driving roller shaft and sward separator respectively.Transition transmission mechanism comprises:
Be arranged on the driving wheel 82 on power transmission shaft 83; Be arranged on the follower 209 on drum shaft 14, driving wheel 212; Be arranged on the driving-chain 80 on driving wheel 82 and follower 209; Be arranged on the follower 210 on driving roller shaft 22; Be arranged on the driving-chain 17 on driving wheel 212 and follower 210.By transition transmission mechanism, by the transmission of power of external motive device to driving roller shaft 22 and drum shaft 14, thus first separator/screw feeder device and sward separator is made to complete relevant work.
Or when straw field pickup sward seperator has draw-gear, its transmission of power can also be given other device by transmission device as shown in figure 22 by external motive device.Concrete, transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case 39 on support body 58, and it has opposing the first output shaft 40 and the second output shaft 75 stretched out; The Cardan shaft 234 be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft 191 be arranged on support body; Pick up separation transmission mechanism, respectively the driving roller shaft picking up axle 49 and screw feeder device or first separator of connection for transmission axle 191, pick-up unit; The separation transmission mechanism be connected respectively with the drum shaft of the second output shaft 75 and sward separator, for by the transmission of power of external motive device to sward separator.Wherein, pick up separation transmission mechanism to comprise: be arranged on the driving wheel 52 on power transmission shaft 191; Be arranged on the follower 32 picked up on axle 49; Connect the driving-belt 37 of driving wheel 52 and follower 32; Be arranged on the driving wheel 29 picking up axle 49 other end; Be arranged on the follower 44 on driving roller shaft 22; Connect the driving-chain 5 of driving wheel 29, follower 44.Thus by picking up separation transmission mechanism, by the transmission of power of external motive device to pick-up unit, screw feeder device or first separator.Wherein, separation transmission mechanism comprises: the driving wheel 82 be in transmission connection by sprocket wheel chain and the second output shaft 75; Be arranged on the follower 209 on drum shaft 14; Connect the driving-chain 80 of driving wheel 82, follower 209; Thus by the transmission of power of external motive device to sward separator.
The utility model is except providing above-mentioned straw field pickup sward seperator, as shown in Figure 17-31, straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and baler for bank can also be combinationally used, thus formation integrates straw field pickup, is separated by the earth in stalk, multi-functional the picking up of the stalk bundling after separation earth is separated baling equipment.
Wherein, as shown in figure 26, pick up separation baling equipment can comprise: straw field pickup sward seperator; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, transmission device comprises: be arranged on the transmission case 218 on baler for bank; The sward separation transmission mechanism be connected with the output shaft of transmission case 218, for passing to drum shaft and the driving roller shaft of the sward separator of straw field pickup sward seperator respectively by the power of transmission case.
Concrete, as shown in figure 26, this baler for bank is circle bale baler for bank 216, and transmission case 218 is arranged on the support body 313 of round bale baler for bank 216, and circle bale baler for bank 216 is connected with external motive device by draw-gear.Wherein, sward separation transmission mechanism comprises: the axle 221 be connected with the output shaft of transmission case 218 by sprocket wheel chain; Be arranged on the driving wheel 223 on axle 221; Be arranged on the follower 209 on drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the driving-belt 224 on driving wheel 223 and follower 209; Be arranged on the driving wheel 212 on drum shaft 14; Be arranged on the follower 210 on driving roller shaft 22; Be arranged on the driving-chain 17 on driving wheel 212 and follower 210.By sward separation transmission mechanism, give first separation barrel/screw feeder device and sward separation barrel by the transmission of power of transmission case 218.
Or what the utility model provided pick up is separated baling equipment and can adopts structure as shown in figure 28, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, transmission device comprises: the first Cardan shaft 118 be connected with the power take-off 119 of external motive device; Be arranged on the transmission case 218 be connected on baler for bank and with the first Cardan shaft 118; What be connected with the output shaft of transmission case 218 picks up separation transmission mechanism, and what the power for being exported by transmission case passed to the drum shaft driving roller shaft of the sward separator of straw field pickup sward seperator and pick-up unit respectively picks up axle.
Wherein, as shown in figure 28, this baler for bank is circle bale baler for bank 216/ side bale tying device 412, and transmission case 218 is arranged on the support body 313 of round bale baler for bank 216, picks up separation transmission mechanism and comprises: be arranged on the driving wheel 226 on transmission case 218 output shaft; Be arranged on the follower 209 on drum shaft 14 and driving wheel 212; Be arranged on the follower 210 on driving roller shaft 22 and driving wheel 310; Be arranged on the follower 312 picked up on axle 49; Be arranged on the driving-chain 227 on driving wheel 226 and follower 209; Be arranged on the driving-chain 17 on driving wheel 212 and follower 210; Be arranged on the driving-belt 311 on driving wheel 310 and follower 312.
Or what the utility model provided pick up is separated baling equipment and can adopts structure as shown in Figure 29-Figure 31, and it comprises: straw field pickup sward seperator; The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator, this baler for bank is side feed-type side bale baler for bank 228, and straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the front lower place of the feeding mouth 237 of baler for bank, and be arranged in parallel with feeding mouth 237; And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, transmission device comprises: the three-joint driveshaft 168 that its one end is connected with the 3rd output shaft 167 of the transmission case 39 of straw field pickup sward seperator; The transmission case 218 that its power shaft 217 is connected with three-joint driveshaft 168 other end; Wherein, transmission case 218 is arranged on the support body 313 of side feed-type side bale baler for bank 228, for the transmission of power of external motive device being operated to complete baling to baler for bank.And the power of each device of straw field pickup sward seperator is inputted by transmission case 39.
Further, of the present utility model picking up is separated baling equipment and also comprises draw-gear for external motive device being connected respectively with baler for bank and straw field pickup sward seperator; Wherein, the draft arm 183 of draw-gear is connected respectively with the support body 58 of external motive device with straw field pickup sward seperator; Wherein, baler for bank is circle bale baler for bank 216 or square bale baler for bank 412; Wherein, straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the support body 313 of baler for bank or feeds on support body 207.
Wherein, sward separator 11 and the first separator 20/ screw feeder device 900 of straw field pickup sward seperator are combined with the feeding unit 176 of baler for bank, and are connected with feeding support body 207; Or the sward separator 11 of straw field pickup sward seperator is combined with the feeding unit 176 of baler for bank, and be connected with feeding support body 207.
Or the bellows device 960 of straw field pickup sward seperator, sward separator 11 and first separator 20/ screw feeder device 900 are combined with the feeding unit of baler for bank, and are connected with feeding support body 207.
Or the bellows device 960 of straw field pickup sward seperator is combined with pick-up unit 1000 and be connected with hitch frame 203 by hinge support arm 179; Bellows device 960 is placed on the below of the hitch frame of draw-gear, the front of feeding unit 176 with the combination of pick-up unit 1000 or is arranged on the front lower place of first separator 20/ screw feeder device 900.
Wherein, the support body 58 of straw field pickup sward seperator is provided with holder 57; Holder is connected with bolt 56 one end with hinge support arm 179 by connection holes 41; The other end of hinge support arm 179 is connected with hitch frame 203 by axle 182; Hitch frame is connected with external motive device by draft arm 183, and hitch frame is connected with the support body of baler for bank.
Wherein, straw field pickup sward seperator can be arranged on the below of hitch frame, the front lower place of baler for bank and located side by side parallel with feeding unit.
It should be noted that, straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model can support the use with circle bale baler for bank or square bale baler for bank, and is arranged on respectively on hitch frame and support body, or is arranged on support body and feeding support body.
When adopting four-wheel tractor traction straw field pickup to pulverize sward seperator operation, under the effect of bellows device 960, in furrow, crushing straw on the platform of ridge is in suspended state, the stalk growing any is blown to anterior in stack, under the effect of the flail knife of pick-up unit High Rotation Speed, picked up the charging aperture 600 of material from pick-up unit to enter, dead knife 34 is by stalks cutting and rub, under the effect of flail knife, material is along running between flail knife 33 and upper cover 1 and being thrown into first separator 20 from feeding mouth 10, or in screw feeder device 900, first separator 20 or screw feeder device 900 are by after being separated by the part earth picked up in material, the stalk being mingled with a small amount of earth is thrown into sward separator 11, be noted that the rotation direction of throwing into the material in screw feeder device 900 along screw feeder blade 64 is pushed to straw outlet, under the effect of plate tooth 16, material is advanced sward separator 11, the material entering sward separator 11 circumferentially moves along prerotation vane, under the influence of centrifugal force, earth in stalk is separated from the sorting hole 48 of concave grate, the pushed straw outlet to sward separator 11 simultaneously, under the effect of plate tooth 16, stalk is thrown into feeding unit 176, by the stalk side of being pressed into bale under the work of square bale baler for bank 412 and side feed-type side bale baler for bank 228, tie a knot and discharge afterwards outside body and fall into field, or, stalk is pressed into round bale under the work of circle bale baler for bank 216, twines outside net rear discharge body.
In addition, straw field pickup sward separator of the present utility model can also with combine 700 with the use of, thus formed integrate straw harvesting, pick up, sward is separated multi-functional picks up separation harvesting apparatus.As shown in figure 32, pick up separation harvesting apparatus can comprise: straw field pickup sward seperator; The combine 700 be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator; Wherein, the power input wheel 708 of straw field pickup sward seperator is connected by the transmission mechanism of driving wheel 706, power input wheel 708, driving-belt 703 with the axle 705 of combine 700 outputting power, so that by the transmission of power of combine 700 to each device of straw field pickup sward seperator.
Concrete, as shown in figure 32, straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the back lower place of combine; Support body 58 front end of straw field pickup sward seperator is provided with the frame 707 of combine by the hinged hinge support arm 704 of bolt 56; Slide fastener 702 and ear seat 116 that oil cylinder 701 is connected with frame 707 is provided with in the middle part of support body 58.The hinge support arm 704 for both being connected is provided with between combine with external motive device.
Straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model and combine combinationally use, the crushing straw shed in furrow by combine can be realized pick up results and the earth carried secretly in stalk is separated, simultaneously, straw field pickup sward seperator of the present utility model also can gather in the crops the maize straw or wheat and rice straw of standing and put paving, and is separated by the earth carried secretly in stalk.
Although be explained in detail the utility model above; but the utility model is not limited thereto; those skilled in the art can modify according to principle of the present utility model; therefore, all various amendments carried out according to principle of the present utility model all should be understood to fall into protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (35)

1. a straw field pickup sward seperator, comprising: external motive device, support body, be arranged on support body and the pick-up unit be connected with external motive device and sward separator, it is characterized in that, also comprises:
To be arranged on described support body and first separator between described pick-up unit and described sward separator or screw feeder device;
Wherein, described first separator or screw feeder device and described pick-up unit, described sward separator respectively parallel side-by-side place.
2. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described sward separator comprises:
The drum shaft on described support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the separate roller on drum shaft;
Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth on separate roller;
To be arranged on support body and the drum upper cover be positioned at above drum shaft;
Be arranged on the prerotation vane inside drum upper cover;
To be arranged on support body and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with plate tooth crest;
Wherein, described drum upper cover and described concave grate connect into cylindrical shell;
Wherein, the top of described prerotation vane and described plate tooth has gap, so that the stalk after separate roller separation earth moves to the straw outlet of concave grate along prerotation vane;
Wherein, described straw outlet is positioned at the middle part of described concave grate or both sides or side;
Wherein, concave grate is connected with strutbeam with lock pin by hinge, with easy cleaning cylinder.
3. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first separator comprises:
The driving roller shaft on described support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the separate roller on driving roller shaft;
Be arranged on the multiple plate teeth on separate roller;
Be arranged on the cover plate on support body;
Ear seat is on the cover board installed;
Be arranged on the strutbeam on support body;
Be arranged on the lock pin on strutbeam;
To be arranged on by hinge and lock pin on the support body being positioned at separate roller periphery and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with plate tooth crest;
Be arranged on the concave grate front end-plate of concave grate front end;
Wherein, described concave grate is positioned at the below of described driving roller shaft;
Wherein, described driving roller shaft is set in parallel between the drum shaft picking up axle and described sward separator of described pick-up unit.
4. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described screw feeder device comprises:
The driving roller shaft on described support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the screw feeder roller on driving roller shaft;
Be arranged on the screw feeder blade on screw feeder roller and multiple plate tooth;
Be arranged on the cover plate on support body above screw feeder roller;
To be arranged on support body and to keep the concave grate of certain interval with screw feeder blade and plate tooth;
Wherein, described concave grate offers straw outlet, and straw outlet is located at middle part or the one or both sides of concave grate.
5. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body;
Be arranged on transmission case for the power shaft that is connected with described external motive device and the first output shaft;
The power transmission shaft that its one end is connected with the first output shaft, its other end is connected with support body by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft;
Be arranged on the drum shaft picking up axle, driving roller shaft and sward separator on described support body and parallel with power transmission shaft respectively;
Be arranged on and pick up driving wheel on axle and follower;
Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower;
Be arranged on the axle on support body;
Be arranged on the commutation regulating wheel on axle;
Be arranged on the follower on driving roller shaft and driving wheel;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower and regulating wheel;
Be arranged on the follower on sward separator drum shaft;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.
6. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body;
Be arranged on transmission case for the power shaft that is connected with described external motive device and the first output shaft, the second output shaft;
The power transmission shaft that its one end is connected with the first output shaft, its other end is connected with support body by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft;
Be arranged on the drum shaft picking up axle, driving roller shaft and sward separator on described support body and parallel with power transmission shaft respectively;
Be arranged on the follower picked up on axle;
Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on the second output shaft;
Be arranged on the bearing housing assembly on support body;
Be arranged on the axle on bearing housing assembly;
Be arranged on the commutation driving gear on axle and follower;
Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower;
The power transmission shaft on support body is arranged on by bearing housing assembly;
Be arranged on the commutation driven gear on power transmission shaft and Cardan shaft;
The power transmission shaft on support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on driving roller shaft and follower;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower;
Be arranged on the follower on the drum shaft of sward separator;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.
7. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise connect described external motive device pick up separation transmission device, described in pick up be separated transmission device comprise:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body;
Be arranged on the second output shaft on transmission case;
Its one end is connected with the second output shaft, and its other end is arranged on the power transmission shaft on support body by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft;
Be arranged on the drum shaft of driving roller shaft on support body and sward separator;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on driving roller shaft and follower;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower;
Be arranged on the follower on the drum shaft of sward separator;
Be arranged on the driving-chain on driving wheel and follower.
8. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and being arranged on described support body and the blower fan discharge device be connected with described sward separator, it has the fan for being accelerated to discharge by the stalk after described sward separator separation.
9. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described blower fan discharge device also comprises:
Be arranged on the Blower Housing on described support body;
Be arranged on the discharging cylinder on Blower Housing;
Wherein, described fan be arranged on described sward separator drum shaft on and be positioned at described Blower Housing;
Wherein, the stalk after being separated pushes in described Blower Housing by described sward separator, and the stalk pushed in Blower Housing is discharged by discharging cylinder by described fan.
10. straw field pickup sward seperator according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described blower fan discharge device also comprises:
Be arranged on the Blower Housing on described support body;
The fan shaft on Blower Housing is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the fan on fan shaft;
Be arranged on the discharging cylinder on Blower Housing;
Wherein, the stalk after being separated pushes in described Blower Housing by described sward separator, and the stalk pushed in Blower Housing is discharged by discharging cylinder by described fan.
11. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 10, is characterized in that, also comprise the fan drive for driving the fan of described blower fan discharge device to rotate, described fan drive comprises:
Be arranged on the driving wheel on the drum shaft of described sward separator;
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body;
Be arranged on the power shaft on transmission case and output shaft;
Be arranged on the follower on power shaft;
Be arranged on the driving-belt on driving wheel and follower;
Wherein, described fan shaft is connected with described output shaft by shaft coupling.
12. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described external motive device is four-wheel tractor;
The output shaft of described four-wheel tractor is connected with transmission case by output transmission;
Described output transmission comprises the first Cardan shaft for connecting described output shaft and described transmission case power shaft.
13. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, also comprise the traction running gear be connected respectively with described four-wheel tractor and described support body, it comprises:
Be positioned at the hitch frame above described support body;
The draft arm that its one end is connected with the draw hook of described four-wheel tractor, its other end is connected with hitch frame;
Be arranged on the support body on hitch frame, it is hinged by rotating shaft and draft arm;
The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with support body by journal stirrup;
Its one end is connected with hitch frame by journal stirrup, the oil cylinder that its other end is connected with support body by journal stirrup;
The support on support body is arranged on by bearing pin;
The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with support by bearing pin;
By the road wheel that axle is rack-mount; And
Be arranged on the floating installation between hitch frame and support body.
14. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, described floating installation comprises:
Be arranged on the support arm on described support body;
Its one end is by adjusting the extension spring that bolt is connected with support arm, its other end is connected with support body by ear seat;
The safe chain that its one end is connected with support arm by ear seat, its other end is connected with support body by ear seat;
Wherein, regulated the extended length of described extension spring by described adjustment bolt, to reduce the limited depth roller of described pick-up unit and the resistance on platform surface, ridge.
15. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, described floating installation comprises:
Be arranged on the holder on described hitch frame;
The extension spring that its one end is connected with described support body by ear seat, its other end is connected with holder by adjusting bolt;
Wherein, regulated the extended length of described extension spring by described adjustment bolt, to reduce the limited depth roller of described pick-up unit and the resistance on platform surface, ridge.
16. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, also comprise the depth stop running gear be connected with described support body, it comprises:
Be arranged on the hinge seat on described support body;
Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm on hinge seat;
The axle on limited depth roller support arm is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the road wheel on axle;
The oil cylinder that its one end is connected with support body by journal stirrup, its other end is connected with limited depth roller support arm and support body with pilot hole respectively by hinge bolt.
17. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, described output transmission also comprises:
The power transmission shaft on described hitch frame is arranged on by bearing housing;
The second Cardan shaft that its one end is connected with transmission case by output shaft, its other end is connected with power transmission shaft;
Wherein, one end of described first Cardan shaft is connected with power transmission shaft, and its other end is connected with the output shaft of four-wheel tractor.
18. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise: at least one group of bellows device be connected with described pick-up unit, there is its exhaust outlet and aim at fan below described pick-up unit flail knife, for the stalk below described flail knife being blown afloat or blowing out stack, so that stalk is picked up by described flail knife.
19. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 18, it is characterized in that, described bellows device comprises:
The power transmission shaft on described support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the bellows shell on crossbeam;
Wherein, described fan is arranged in described bellows shell, and is connected with described power transmission shaft.
20. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise: the draw-gear with hitch frame; The transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device; Wherein, described transmission device comprises:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described hitch frame, it is connected with the output shaft of described external motive device by the first Cardan shaft;
Be arranged on the support arm on described support body;
Be arranged on the power transmission shaft on support arm by bearing housing, it is connected with the first output shaft of described transmission case by Cardan shaft;
Be arranged on the driving wheel on power transmission shaft, its by driving-belt by transmission of power give described pick-up unit pick up axle.
21. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise: the transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device; Wherein, described transmission device comprises:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body, it has the first output shaft and the second output shaft that extend laterally;
The Cardan shaft be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft be arranged on described support body;
Pick up transmission mechanism, what be arranged on the first output shaft and described pick-up unit picks up between axle, for giving described pick-up unit by the transmission of power of described external motive device;
Be arranged on the support arm on described support body;
Be arranged on the power transmission shaft on support arm by bearing housing, it is connected with the second output shaft by sprocket chain strip transmission mechanism, and by transition transmission mechanism, power is passed to driving roller shaft and described sward separator respectively.
22. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise: the transmission device for transmitting its power be connected with described external motive device, and it comprises:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described support body, it has the first output shaft and the second output shaft that extend laterally;
The Cardan shaft be connected with the first output shaft, its by the transmission of power of the first output shaft to the power transmission shaft be arranged on described support body;
Pick up separation transmission mechanism, respectively the drum shaft picking up axle and described screw feeder device or described first separator of connection for transmission axle, described pick-up unit;
The separation transmission mechanism be connected respectively with the drum shaft of the second output shaft and described sward separator, for giving described sward separator by the transmission of power of described external motive device.
23. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pick-up unit comprises:
The axle on described support body is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the pick-up roller on axle, it is provided with multiple flail knife side by side;
Be arranged on the upper cover keeping certain interval on support body and with the top of flail knife;
Be arranged on the ear seat covered;
Be arranged on the dead knife keeping certain interval inside upper cover and with the top of flail knife;
Be arranged on the check apron on the support body before charging aperture.
24. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and pick up stopping means, it comprises:
Be arranged on the hinge seat on described support body;
Be arranged on the limited depth roller support arm on hinge seat;
The depth stop roll shaft on limited depth roller support arm is arranged on by bearing housing;
Be arranged on the limited depth roller on depth stop roll shaft;
Be arranged on the swivel nut on described support body;
Its top is arranged in swivel nut, its lower end removes handle by adjustment bolt with the adjustment that pilot hole and limited depth roller support arm are connected with support body.
25. straw field pickup sward seperators according to claim 18, is characterized in that, also comprise: with described pick-up unit pick up the bellows transmission device that axle is connected, for giving described bellows device by the transmission of power of described pick-up unit.
Pick up for 26. 1 kinds and be separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Straw field pickup sward seperator as described in any one of claim 1-25;
The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator;
And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises:
Be arranged on the transmission case on described baler for bank;
The sward separation transmission mechanism be connected with the output shaft of transmission case, for passing to drum shaft and the driving roller shaft of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator respectively by the power of described transmission case.
Pick up for 27. 1 kinds and be separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Straw field pickup sward seperator as described in any one of claim 1-25;
The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator;
And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises:
The first Cardan shaft be connected with the output shaft of described external motive device;
Be arranged on the transmission case be connected on described baler for bank and with the first Cardan shaft;
What be connected with the output shaft of transmission case picks up separation transmission mechanism, and what the power for being exported by described transmission case passed to the drum shaft of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator, driving roller shaft and pick-up unit respectively picks up axle.
28. picking up according to claim 26 or 27 are separated baling equipment, and it is characterized in that, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the front lower place of the feeding mouth of described baler for bank, and be arranged in parallel with feeding mouth; Wherein, described baler for bank is side feed-type side bale baler for bank.
29. picking up according to claim 26 or 27 are separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that:
Also comprise the draw-gear for described external motive device being connected respectively with described baler for bank and described straw field pickup sward seperator;
Wherein, the draft arm of described draw-gear is connected respectively with the support body of described external motive device with described straw field pickup sward seperator;
Wherein, described baler for bank is circle bale baler for bank or square bale baler for bank;
Wherein, described straw field pickup sward seperator is arranged on the support body of described baler for bank or feeds on support body.
30. picking up according to claim 26 or 27 are separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that:
The feeding unit of the sward separator of described straw field pickup sward seperator and screw feeder device or first separator and described baler for bank is combined, and is connected with feeding support body;
Or, the sward separating device of described straw field pickup sward seperator and the feeding unit of described baler for bank combined, and with feeding support body be connected;
Or the feeding unit of the screw feeder device of described straw field pickup sward seperator or first separator and sward separator and described baler for bank is combined, and with feed frame and be connected.
31. picking up according to claim 26 or 27 are separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that, the feeding unit of the bellows device of described straw field pickup sward seperator, screw feeder device and sward separator and described baler for bank is combined, and is connected with feeding support body.
32. picking up according to claim 26 or 27 are separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that:
The bellows device of described straw field pickup sward seperator is combined with pick-up unit and be connected with hitch frame by hinge support arm;
The combination of described bellows device and pick-up unit is placed on the below of the hitch frame of draw-gear, the front of feeding unit or is arranged on the front lower place of screw feeder device or first separator.
33. according to claim 29 picking up are separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that:
The support body of described straw field pickup sward seperator is provided with holder;
Holder is connected with bolt one end with hinge support arm by connection holes;
The other end of hinge support arm is connected with hitch frame by axle;
Hitch frame is connected with described external motive device by draft arm, and hitch frame is connected with the support body of described baler for bank.
Pick up for 34. 1 kinds and be separated baling equipment, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Straw field pickup sward seperator as described in any one of claim 1-25;
The baler for bank be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator;
And the transmission device for transferring power to be connected with baler for bank, described transmission device comprises:
The three-joint driveshaft that its one end is connected with the 3rd output shaft of the transmission case of described straw field pickup sward seperator;
The transmission case that its power shaft is connected with the three-joint driveshaft other end;
Wherein, described transmission case is arranged on hitch frame, or on the support body of baler for bank.
Pick up separation harvesting apparatus, it is characterized in that, comprising for 35. 1 kinds:
Straw field pickup sward seperator as described in any one of claim 1-25;
The combine be connected with straw field pickup sward seperator;
Wherein, the power take-off of described straw field pickup sward seperator is connected by transmission mechanism with the axle of described combine outputting power, to give each device of described straw field pickup sward seperator by the transmission of power of described combine.
CN201520115017.1U 2015-02-17 2015-02-17 Straw field pickup sward seperator, pick up and be separated baling equipment and pick up separation harvesting apparatus Active CN204697541U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105379518A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 中外合资沃得重工(中国)有限公司 Soil shaking device of round baler
CN105519310A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-04-27 黑河市方圆农机技术开发有限责任公司 Field glume and straw pickup machine
CN105519313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-27 安徽苜邦农业装备有限公司 Novel square-bundling-type bundling machine
CN105981532A (en) * 2015-02-17 2016-10-05 孙维真 Straw picking and straw-soil separating machine, picking, separating and baling device and picking, separating and harvesting device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105981532A (en) * 2015-02-17 2016-10-05 孙维真 Straw picking and straw-soil separating machine, picking, separating and baling device and picking, separating and harvesting device
CN105379518A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 中外合资沃得重工(中国)有限公司 Soil shaking device of round baler
CN105519313A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-04-27 安徽苜邦农业装备有限公司 Novel square-bundling-type bundling machine
CN105519313B (en) * 2015-12-25 2017-04-26 安徽苜邦农业装备有限公司 Square-bundling-type bundling machine
CN105519310A (en) * 2016-02-05 2016-04-27 黑河市方圆农机技术开发有限责任公司 Field glume and straw pickup machine

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