CN201718211U - Harvesting crusher for maize straws - Google Patents

Harvesting crusher for maize straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201718211U
CN201718211U CN2010202401865U CN201020240186U CN201718211U CN 201718211 U CN201718211 U CN 201718211U CN 2010202401865 U CN2010202401865 U CN 2010202401865U CN 201020240186 U CN201020240186 U CN 201020240186U CN 201718211 U CN201718211 U CN 201718211U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sawtooth
shearing
fixed
feed roller
feed
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010202401865U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵伯君
Original Assignee
赵伯君
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 赵伯君 filed Critical 赵伯君
Priority to CN2010202401865U priority Critical patent/CN201718211U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201718211U publication Critical patent/CN201718211U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an agricultural machinery, in particular to a harvesting crusher for maize straws, comprising a stand (1) and an engine (2). A left grain lifter (11) and a right grain lifter (12) are respectively arranged on one side at the front part of the stand (1), a shearing feeder (3) is arranged behind the left grain lifter (11) and the right grain lifter (12) and provided with a left sawtooth feeding roller (32), a right sawtooth feeding roller (33), a left pressing smooth roller (36) and a right feeding sawtooth roller (37), the left sawtooth feeding roller (32) and the right sawtooth feeding roller (33) are respectively fixed with a left cutting knife (34) and a right cutting knife (35), a fan (4) is arranged behind the shearing feeder (3), and a fan rotary shaft (41) is fixed with a moving knife (43). The utility model has the advantages of simple and reasonable structure, low manufacture cost, fast harvesting and crushing speed, high work efficiency, good harvesting and crushing effects, and convenient operation and use, and is operated by tractor traction and provided with the self-supported engine.

Description

The corn straw harvesting cracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural machinery, particularly a kind of corn straw harvesting cracker.
Background technology
Plucking the maize straw that stands in the field behind the fringe need handle, otherwise can influence the normal farming of next batch crop, peasant household is in order to handle maize straw, have and burn in the field that field also handles, though save trouble but not only contaminated environment but also waste resource, also easy initiation fire, have and cut down that the back stack to store as feed, but the maize straw nutritive loss that stores like this is big, livestock has eaten does not have nutrition, leaf is eaten up the remaining thick stalk in back also to be needed to handle, utilize plant equipment to carry out also field or store as feed of grinding and processing in addition, this treatment effect is relatively good, but existing corn straw harvesting cracker exists or complex structure cost height, being unsuitable for peasant household is extensive use of, though or cost simple in structure is low, structure is reasonable inadequately, and harvesting pulverizing speed is slow, crushing effect is bad, ineffective shortcoming.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides that a kind of simple and reasonable cost is low, harvesting pulverizing speed is fast, the corn straw harvesting cracker of high efficiency.
Technical solution of the present utility model is: it comprises frame and engine, one side of frame front is provided with left grain lifter and right grain lifter, the rear portion of left side grain lifter and right grain lifter is provided with the shearing feed appliance, the left and right sides of shearing the preceding feeding mouth rear portion of feed appliance vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left sawtooth feed roller and right sawtooth feed roller respectively, the backward rotation that the bottom of left side sawtooth feed roller and right sawtooth feed roller is fixed with respectively, mutual left cutter and the right cutter of shearing, the rear portion of shearing interior left sawtooth feed roller of feed appliance and right sawtooth feed roller vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left binder smooth roll and right feeding sawtooth roller respectively, the rear portion of shearing feed appliance is provided with blower fan, the air inlet of blower fan is connected with the discharging opening of shearing feed appliance, is fixed with the front portion that several are positioned at fan blade on the fan shaft, during rotation be fixed on air inlet on the moving knife sheared mutually of stationary knife.
Technique effect of the present utility model is: it is low that it has simple and reasonable cost, harvesting pulverizing speed is fast, the advantage of high efficiency, use its harvesting good crushing effect, it adopts tractor-drawn to carry out operation, and frame is provided with engine, operation and easy to use, do not influence other operation of tractor when not using, do not take the agricultural machinery resource.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment stereogram one;
Fig. 2 is the utility model embodiment stereogram two.
Embodiment
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, it comprises frame 1 and engine 2, one side of frame 1 front portion is provided with left grain lifter 11 and right grain lifter 12, the rear portion of left side grain lifter 11 and right grain lifter 12 is provided with shears feed appliance 3, the left and right sides of shearing preceding feeding mouth 31 rear portions of feed appliance 3 vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left sawtooth feed roller 32 and right sawtooth feed roller 33 respectively, the backward rotation that the bottom of left side sawtooth feed roller 32 and right sawtooth feed roller 33 is fixed with respectively, mutual left cutter 34 and the right cutter of shearing 35, the rear portion of shearing feed appliance 3 interior left sawtooth feed rollers 32 and right sawtooth feed roller 33 vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left binder smooth roll 36 and right feeding sawtooth roller 37 respectively, the rear portion of shearing feed appliance 3 is provided with blower fan 4, the air inlet of blower fan 4 is connected with the discharging opening of shearing feed appliance 3, is fixed with the front portion that several are positioned at fan blade 42 on the fan shaft 41, during rotation be fixed on blower fan 4 air inlets on the moving knife 43 sheared mutually of stationary knife.
The opposite side that the both sides of frame 1 are respectively equipped with left lateral travelling wheel 13 and right lateral travelling wheel 14, anterior left grain lifter 11 and right grain lifter 12 is provided with hitch frame 15, and the rear end of hitch frame 15 is provided with the rear haulage frame 16 that is positioned at frame 1 rear portion.Be provided with brace 17 between hitch frame 15 and the frame 1.Engine 2 be positioned at blower fan 4 a side, be fixed on the top of hitch frame 15 on the frame 1.The front portion of shearing feed appliance 3 is provided with to be positioned at and shears feeding mouth 31 tops before the feed appliance 3, top and turn forward and be used to front panel 38 with the inclination maize straw.Blower fan 4 is a centrifugal blower.Be connected with down the feed cylinder 5 of L shaped feeding backward on the air outlet of blower fan 4.
Engine belt pulley 21 links to each other with the blower fan belt pulley 44 that is fixed on fan shaft 41 rear ends by belt 6, the bevel gear 45 that is fixed on fan shaft 41 front ends with vertically be rotatably installed in the bevel gear of shearing on the feed appliance 3 39 and be meshed, the coaxial pinion 1 that is fixed on the bevel gear 39 is meshed respectively with the right sawtooth feed roller gear 331 and the right feeding sawtooth roller gear 371 that are separately fixed at right sawtooth feed roller 33 upper ends and right feeding sawtooth roller 37 upper ends, right sawtooth feed roller gear 331 is meshed with the left sawtooth feed roller gear 321 that is fixed on left sawtooth feed roller 32 upper ends, left sawtooth feed roller gear 321 and the left binder smooth roll gear 361 that is fixed on left binder smooth roll 36 upper ends respectively be rotatably installed in shearing feed appliance 3 on pinion 2 30 be meshed.
Left side binder smooth roll 36 is rotatably installed on the left binder smooth roll frame 362, left side binder smooth roll frame 362 laterally is slidingly mounted on to be sheared on the feed appliance 3, is provided with two stage clips 7 that make left binder smooth roll 36 press to right feeding sawtooth roller 37 between left binder smooth roll frame 362 and the shearing feed appliance 3.Axially evenly be fixed with the gullet plate 322,332 that some outer side edges have sawtooth along it respectively on left side sawtooth feed roller 32 and the right sawtooth feed roller 33.Left side cutter 34 and right cutter 35 are respectively equipped with the pentalpha of the sword that matches for the outside of shearing mutually.Moving knife 43 for radially be fixed on along blower fan 4 on the fan shaft 41, with stationary knife mutually sheared edge have the square knife plate of sword.
When using, the utility model advances in the field by tractor-drawn, the maize straw that stands in the field is from reaching the front portion of shearing feed appliance 3 between left grain lifter 11 and the right grain lifter 12, front panel 38 bands that the top of maize straw is sheared feed appliance 3 tilt, the lower end is reversed the left cutter 34 and right cutter 35 staggered the cutting off of rotation again, maize straw after cutting off is involved in by left sawtooth feed roller 32 and right sawtooth feed roller 33 to be sheared feed appliance 3 and send backward, again through sending into blower fan 4 behind left binder smooth roll 36 and the right feeding sawtooth roller 37, be cut into segment by the maize straw of pressure break stoking in the porch of blower fan 4 driven knife 43 and stationary knife, under the effect of impeller of blower 42 from blower fan 4 air outlets in feed cylinder 5 bloats the wagon box that drops on the traction of field or fall behind, thereby realize that maize straw is in field harvesting and crushed work, though only gather in a ridge at every turn, but speed is very fast, be not easy to stop up, convenient quick again, the utility model can also be organized shearing feed appliance 3 and blower fan 4 by horizontally set more, the corresponding increasing of power, the speed that its harvesting is pulverized can be faster.

Claims (9)

1. corn straw harvesting cracker, it comprises frame (1) and engine (2), it is characterized in that: the anterior side of frame (1) is provided with left grain lifter (11) and right grain lifter (12), the rear portion of left side grain lifter (11) and right grain lifter (12) is provided with shears feed appliance (3), the left and right sides of shearing preceding feeding mouth (31) rear portion of feed appliance (3) vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left sawtooth feed roller (32) and right sawtooth feed roller (33) respectively, the backward rotation that the bottom of left side sawtooth feed roller (32) and right sawtooth feed roller (33) is fixed with respectively, mutual left cutter (34) and the right cutter of shearing (35), the rear portion of shearing interior left sawtooth feed roller (32) of feed appliance (3) and right sawtooth feed roller (33) vertically is equipped with counter-rotational left binder smooth roll (36) and right feeding sawtooth roller (37) respectively, the rear portion of shearing feed appliance (3) is provided with blower fan (4), the air inlet of blower fan (4) is connected with the discharging opening of shearing feed appliance (3), and fan shaft is fixed with the front portion that several are positioned at fan blade (42) on (41), during rotation be fixed on blower fan (4) air inlet on the moving knife (43) sheared mutually of stationary knife.
2. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1, the opposite side that the both sides that it is characterized in that described frame (1) are respectively equipped with left lateral travelling wheel (13) and right lateral travelling wheel (14), anterior left grain lifter (11) and right grain lifter (12) is provided with hitch frame (15), and the rear end of hitch frame (15) is provided with the rear haulage frame (16) that is positioned at frame (1) rear portion.
3. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1, the front portion that it is characterized in that described shearing feed appliance (3) are provided with to be positioned at and shear the preceding feeding mouth of feed appliance (3) (31) top, top and turn forward and be used to front panel (38) with the inclination maize straw.
4. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that being connected with down on the air outlet of described blower fan (4) feed cylinder (5) of L shaped feeding backward.
5. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described engine belt pulley (21) links to each other with the blower fan belt pulley (44) that is fixed on fan shaft (41) rear end by belt (6), the bevel gear (45) that is fixed on fan shaft (41) front end with vertically be rotatably installed in the bevel gear of shearing on the feed appliance (3) (39) and be meshed, the coaxial pinion one (40) that is fixed on the bevel gear (39) is meshed respectively with the right sawtooth feed roller gear (331) and the right feeding sawtooth roller gear (371) that are separately fixed at right sawtooth feed roller (33) upper end and right feeding sawtooth roller (37) upper end, right sawtooth feed roller gear (331) is meshed with the left sawtooth feed roller gear (321) that is fixed on left sawtooth feed roller (32) upper end, left sawtooth feed roller gear (321) and be fixed on the left binder smooth roll (36) left binder smooth roll gear (361) respectively be rotatably installed in shearing feed appliance (3) on pinion two (30) be meshed.
6. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described left binder smooth roll (36) is rotatably installed on the left binder smooth roll frame (362), left side binder smooth roll frame (362) laterally is slidingly mounted on to be sheared on the feed appliance (3), is provided with two stage clips (7) that make left binder smooth roll (36) press to right feeding sawtooth roller (37) between left binder smooth roll frame (362) and the shearing feed appliance (3).
7. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that axially evenly being fixed with the gullet plate (322,332) that some outer side edges have sawtooth along it respectively on described left sawtooth feed roller (32) and the right sawtooth feed roller (33).
8. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described left cutter (34) and right cutter (35) are respectively equipped with the pentalpha of the sword that matches for the outside of shearing mutually.
9. corn straw harvesting cracker as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described moving knife (43) go up for radially be fixed on fan shaft (41) along blower fan (4), with stationary knife mutually sheared edge have the square knife plate of sword.
CN2010202401865U 2010-06-29 2010-06-29 Harvesting crusher for maize straws Expired - Fee Related CN201718211U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202401865U CN201718211U (en) 2010-06-29 2010-06-29 Harvesting crusher for maize straws

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202401865U CN201718211U (en) 2010-06-29 2010-06-29 Harvesting crusher for maize straws

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201718211U true CN201718211U (en) 2011-01-26

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010202401865U Expired - Fee Related CN201718211U (en) 2010-06-29 2010-06-29 Harvesting crusher for maize straws

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201718211U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104955322A (en) * 2013-05-06 2015-09-30 Cnh工业比利时股份有限公司 Chopper/blower arrangement for a header used on an agricultural harvester
CN105107582A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-02 陕西天洋智能科技有限公司 Negative-pressure air-conveying screen-free plant material pulverizer
CN109315133A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-02-12 康国民 A kind of agricultural straw recycling grinding device
CN111713248A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-09-29 安徽奉念城机电设计服务有限公司 Promote automatic harvesting of straw returning and tailor rubbing crusher

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104955322A (en) * 2013-05-06 2015-09-30 Cnh工业比利时股份有限公司 Chopper/blower arrangement for a header used on an agricultural harvester
US10039230B2 (en) 2013-05-06 2018-08-07 Cnh Industrial America Llc Chopper/blower arrangement for a header used on an agricultural harvester
CN105107582A (en) * 2015-08-14 2015-12-02 陕西天洋智能科技有限公司 Negative-pressure air-conveying screen-free plant material pulverizer
CN109315133A (en) * 2018-10-29 2019-02-12 康国民 A kind of agricultural straw recycling grinding device
CN109315133B (en) * 2018-10-29 2020-05-26 甘肃西能环保科技有限公司 Agricultural straw recycling and smashing device
CN111713248A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-09-29 安徽奉念城机电设计服务有限公司 Promote automatic harvesting of straw returning and tailor rubbing crusher

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110126

Termination date: 20110629