CN104353535A - Multistage combined grinding machine for straws - Google Patents

Multistage combined grinding machine for straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104353535A
CN104353535A CN201410519421.5A CN201410519421A CN104353535A CN 104353535 A CN104353535 A CN 104353535A CN 201410519421 A CN201410519421 A CN 201410519421A CN 104353535 A CN104353535 A CN 104353535A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
grinding
stalk
drive shaft
vertical
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410519421.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104353535B (en
Inventor
朱德文
马标
谢虎
曹杰
王鹏军
陶三奇
曲浩丽
Original Assignee
农业部南京农业机械化研究所
南京物环新能源科技有限公司
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Application filed by 农业部南京农业机械化研究所, 南京物环新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 农业部南京农业机械化研究所
Priority to CN201410519421.5A priority Critical patent/CN104353535B/en
Publication of CN104353535A publication Critical patent/CN104353535A/en
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Publication of CN104353535B publication Critical patent/CN104353535B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention relates to a multistage combined grinding machine for straws and belongs to the technical field of agricultural and forestry machinery. The grinding machine comprises a machine housing and a grinding system in the machine housing, wherein the grinding system comprises a cutting mechanism, a tooth plate rubbing mechanism and a hammer grinding mechanism; the cutting mechanism comprises movable cutters and fixed cutters of a main shaft; the fixed cutters and the movable cutters are arranged at an interval in sequence; the tooth plate rubbing mechanism comprises a barrel with rolling teeth on the outer circumferential surface and an oblique tooth plate arranged on the inner wall of the machine housing; the hammer grinding mechanism comprises a horizontal drive shaft, hammers arranged on the circumferential surface of the drive shaft at an interval and a sieve plate positioned below the drive shaft; openings are uniformly distributed in the sieve plate. The grinding machine is compact in structure, reasonable in layout, relatively small in occupied area and space-saving; the multistage combined grinding operation of rice and wheat straws can be performed, the energy is saved, the environment is protected, the labor intensity is low, the grinding efficiency is high, and the grinding operation of various raw materials such as the rice and wheat straws, corn straws, bean crop straws, rape straws and vine crop straws can be performed.

Description

A kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of stalk crasher, belong to agriculture and forestry machinery technical field.

Background technology

The degree of crushing of existing stalk crasher to stalk is poor, usually needs repeatedly multiple stage operation the bar in stalk, leaf, whiskers etc. could be smashed.Like this, comminution process efficiency is low, energy consumption is large, yield poorly, floor space is large, and poor to the adaptability of raw material.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, not enough for prior art, proposes that a kind of efficiency is high, floor space is little and the multi-stage combination that can adapt to plurality of raw materials pulverizes processing operation.

The present invention is the technical scheme solving the problems of the technologies described above proposition: a kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer, comprises the crushing system in casing and described casing; Described cabinet top has charging aperture, and Material collecting box for harvesting is arranged at bottom; Described crushing system comprise arrange successively from top to bottom guillotine cutting mechanism, tooth plate rubbing mechanism and hammering crushing mechanism; The moving knife that described guillotine cutting mechanism comprises vertical driving shaft, be arranged on described vertical driving shaft side and the stationary knife be arranged on described chassis sidewall; Described stationary knife and moving knife are successively between the upper and lower every setting; Described tooth plate rubbing mechanism is included in outer circumference surface and is provided with the cylinder of gear hobbing and is being located at the helical teeth plate on described casing inner wall; Gap is had between described gear hobbing and helical teeth plate; The sieve plate that described hammering crushing mechanism comprises horizontally disposed horizontal drive shaft, is disposed on the hammer leaf on described horizontal drive shaft periphery and is positioned at below described horizontal drive shaft; Described sieve plate is evenly equipped with perforate; Described Material collecting box for harvesting is positioned at below described sieve plate; Described vertical driving shaft is connected and coaxial rotation with described cylinder; Described vertical driving shaft and horizontal drive shaft are driven by transmission mechanism by an engine simultaneously.

Such scheme further improves and is: described casing comprises a horizontal cylinder and is arranged on the vertical cylinder on described horizontal cylinder; Described guillotine cutting mechanism, tooth plate rubbing mechanism are arranged in described vertical cylinder, and described hammering crushing mechanism is arranged in described horizontal cylinder, and described Material collecting box for harvesting is positioned at below described horizontal cylinder.

Such scheme further improves and is: the side of described Material collecting box for harvesting be provided with pipeline; Centrifugal impeller is provided with in described pipeline; Described centrifugal impeller is connected and coaxial rotation with described horizontal drive shaft.

Such scheme further improves and is: described stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer also comprises feeding mechanism; Described feeding structure comprises support, rack-mount conveyer belt; One end of described conveyer belt is positioned at described charging aperture place.

Such scheme further improves and is: described engine is motor; Described transmission mechanism comprises the first belt, the second belt and Bevel Gear Transmission device; Described first belt drives horizontal drive shaft; Described second belt was communicated with Bevel Gear Transmission device and drove vertical power transmission shaft; Described vertical power transmission shaft top is fixed on by rolling bearing and upper bracket on the inwall of described vertical cylinder, and the bottom of described vertical power transmission shaft is fixed on the inwall of vertical cylinder by thrust bearing and lower carriage.

Stalk multi-stage combination mill structure of the present invention is compact, rationally distributed, floor space is less, saves space.Achieve the agricultural crop straw multi-stage combination comminution process such as rice wheat, energy-conserving and environment-protective, labour intensity is low, and comminution process efficiency is high, the advantage technologies such as the guillotine cutting technology of stalk, rubbing technology and hammer leaf strike are organically merged and optimization, greatly improves crushed stalk operation quality and effect.Solve the common technology difficult problem that processing pulverized early stage by stalk material, the technical barriers such as low in comminution process efficiency, energy consumption is large, yield poorly, and the pulverizing processing operation that can adapt to the plurality of raw materials such as rice wheat straw maize straw, legume crop stalk, rape stalk and tendril class crop material.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:

Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the present invention's preferred embodiment.

Fig. 2 is the side-looking structural representation of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the present invention's preferred embodiment perspective view.

Number in the figure is schematically as follows: 1-charging aperture, 2-rigid bearing, the vertical driving shaft of 3-, 4-cylinder, 5-helical teeth, 6-hammer leaf, 7-Material collecting box for harvesting, 8-horizontal drive shaft, 9-discharge pipe, 10-stationary knife, 11-moving knife, 12-centrifugal impeller, 13-sieve plate, 14-belt, 15-motor, 16-conveyer belt.

Detailed description of the invention

Embodiment

The stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, comprises the crushing system in casing and casing; Crushing system comprise arrange successively from top to bottom guillotine cutting mechanism, tooth plate rubbing mechanism and hammering crushing mechanism.

Casing comprises a horizontal cylinder and is arranged on the vertical cylinder on this horizontal cylinder; Guillotine cutting mechanism and tooth plate rubbing mechanism are arranged in vertical cylinder, and hammering crushing mechanism is arranged in horizontal cylinder.

The moving knife 11 that guillotine cutting mechanism comprises vertical driving shaft 3, be arranged on vertical driving shaft 3 side and the stationary knife 10 be arranged on chassis sidewall; Stationary knife 10 and moving knife 11 are successively between the upper and lower every setting, and the top rolling bearing of vertical driving shaft 3 and upper bracket are fixedly mounted on the inwall of vertical cylinder, and the bottom of vertical driving shaft 3 is fixed on the inwall of vertical cylinder by thrust bearing and lower carriage.

Tooth plate rubbing mechanism is included in outer circumference surface and is provided with the cylinder 4 of gear hobbing and is being located at the helical teeth plate 5 on casing inner wall; Certain gap is had between gear hobbing and helical teeth plate 5.Cylinder 4 is connected and coaxial rotation with vertical driving shaft 3.

The sieve plate 13 that hammering crushing mechanism comprises horizontally disposed horizontal drive shaft 8, is disposed on the hammer leaf 6 on horizontal drive shaft 8 periphery and is positioned at below horizontal drive shaft 8; Sieve plate 13 is evenly equipped with perforate.

Material collecting box for harvesting 7 is provided with below sieve plate 13; The side of Material collecting box for harvesting 7 is provided with discharge pipe 9; Centrifugal impeller 12 is provided with in discharge pipe 9; Centrifugal impeller 12 and horizontal drive shaft 8 are connected with shaft coupling and coaxial rotation.

As Fig. 3, be also provided with feeding mechanism in one side of this pulverizer; Feeding structure comprises support, rack-mount conveyer belt 16; One end of conveyer belt 16 is positioned at its top feed mouth 1 place of guillotine cutting mechanism.

Motor 15 is by the first belt drives horizontal drive shaft 8 and centrifugal impeller 12; Motor 15 supplies power to vertical driving shaft 3 and cylinder 4 by the second belt 14 and Bevel Gear Transmission device.First belt, the second belt and Bevel Gear Transmission device composition transmission mechanism.

During work, as shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, stalk is transported to charging aperture 1 by conveyer belt 16, under the effect that centrifugal impeller 12 rotates negative pressure and himself gravity produced, stalk enters guillotine cutting mechanism by charging aperture 1, and stalk is the section of being cut into shape or sheet under the synergy of moving knife 11 and stationary knife 10.Section shape stalk after guillotine cutting continues to enter tooth plate rubbing mechanism, section shape stalk under helical teeth plate 5 and cylinder 4 upper rolling tooth synergy, section shape stalk is crumpled further, is rolled, tear into thread.Thread stalk continues to move down, enter hammering crushing mechanism, thread stalk continues under the effect of hammer leaf 6 and sieve plate 13, further stalk is clashed into, impact cutting, pulverizing, stalk is finally ground into graininess or Powdered, fall into by the hole on the sieve plate 13 below it room 7 that gathers materials again, the powdery stalk gathered materials in room 7 is shed away by discharge pipe 9 continuously under the drive of centrifugal impeller 12 falls into straw collecting container.

In the present embodiment, vertical driving shaft 3 not can only be arranged in vertical mode, according to the needs at scene, the inclination can carrying out certain angle of vertical cylinder, vertically driving shaft 3 and cylinder, such as 30 degree, 45 degree and 60 degree etc., in extreme situations, horizontally disposedly also functions implementing the present invention are not affected.The transmission mechanism be made up of the first belt, the second belt and Bevel Gear Transmission device also can be replaced by chain drive or other transmission mechanisms.

The present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment.All employings are equal to the technical scheme of replacing and being formed, and all drop in the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (5)

1. a stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer, comprises the crushing system in casing and described casing; Described cabinet top has charging aperture, and Material collecting box for harvesting is arranged at bottom; It is characterized in that, described crushing system comprise arrange successively from top to bottom guillotine cutting mechanism, tooth plate rubbing mechanism and hammering crushing mechanism; The moving knife that described guillotine cutting mechanism comprises vertical driving shaft, be arranged on described vertical driving shaft side and the stationary knife be arranged on described chassis sidewall; Described stationary knife and moving knife are gone up successively and lower interval is arranged; Described tooth plate rubbing mechanism is included in outer circumference surface and is provided with the cylinder of gear hobbing and is being located at the helical teeth plate on described casing inner wall; Gap is had between described gear hobbing and helical teeth plate; The sieve plate that described hammering crushing mechanism comprises horizontally disposed horizontal drive shaft, is disposed on the hammer leaf on described horizontal drive shaft periphery and is positioned at below described horizontal drive shaft; Described sieve plate is evenly equipped with perforate; Described Material collecting box for harvesting is positioned at below described sieve plate; Described vertical driving shaft is connected and coaxial rotation with described cylinder; Described vertical driving shaft and horizontal drive shaft are driven by transmission mechanism by an engine simultaneously.
2. stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described shell comprises a horizontal cylinder and is arranged on the vertical cylinder on described horizontal cylinder; Described guillotine cutting mechanism, tooth plate rubbing mechanism are arranged in described vertical cylinder, and described hammering crushing mechanism is arranged in described horizontal cylinder, and described Material collecting box for harvesting is positioned at below described horizontal cylinder.
3. stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the side of described Material collecting box for harvesting is provided with pipeline; Centrifugal impeller is provided with in described pipeline; Described centrifugal impeller is connected and coaxial rotation with described horizontal drive shaft.
4. stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer also comprises feeding mechanism; Described feeding structure comprises support, rack-mount conveyer belt; One end of described conveyer belt is positioned at described charging aperture place.
5. stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described engine is motor; Described transmission mechanism comprises the first belt, the second belt and Bevel Gear Transmission device; Described first belt drives horizontal drive shaft; Described second belt was communicated with Bevel Gear Transmission device and drove vertical power transmission shaft; Described vertical power transmission shaft top is fixed on by rolling bearing and upper bracket on the inwall of described vertical cylinder, and the bottom of described vertical power transmission shaft is fixed on the inwall of vertical cylinder by thrust bearing and lower carriage.
CN201410519421.5A 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer CN104353535B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410519421.5A CN104353535B (en) 2014-09-30 2014-09-30 A kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104353535B CN104353535B (en) 2016-11-23

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172979A (en) * 2017-07-16 2017-09-19 吉林大学 Nested differential double-screw type green grass or young crops raises stalk and crushes conveying device
CN107999237A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-08 何建龙 A kind of environmentally friendly stalk process equipment
CN108589357A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-09-28 林金印 One kind being exclusively used in reed papermaking cutting equipment
CN108970750A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-11 安徽鸡笼山食品有限公司 Grinding device is used in a kind of production of Vegetable powder

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109465081A (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-03-15 天津市职业大学 A kind of continuous material pulverizer

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CN2451229Y (en) * 2000-11-29 2001-10-03 刘永昶 Edible mushroom culture cutting & disintegrating combined machine
CN2664373Y (en) * 2003-11-10 2004-12-22 郝增义 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine
CN2667872Y (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-01-05 新乡市兴田机械制造有限责任公司 Multifunctional fodder grinder
CN2845467Y (en) * 2005-11-24 2006-12-13 大连轻工业学院 Thrusher for mixed feed
CN201205504Y (en) * 2007-10-12 2009-03-11 长春市农业机械研究所 Anti-winding type straw crushing device
CA2699110A1 (en) * 2009-04-08 2010-10-08 Tube-Line Manufacturing Ltd. Bale processor having improved shredding roller
CN202565782U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-12-05 万里国际控股集团有限公司 Straw crushing machine
CN204261772U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-04-15 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2451229Y (en) * 2000-11-29 2001-10-03 刘永昶 Edible mushroom culture cutting & disintegrating combined machine
CN2667872Y (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-01-05 新乡市兴田机械制造有限责任公司 Multifunctional fodder grinder
CN2664373Y (en) * 2003-11-10 2004-12-22 郝增义 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine
CN2845467Y (en) * 2005-11-24 2006-12-13 大连轻工业学院 Thrusher for mixed feed
CN201205504Y (en) * 2007-10-12 2009-03-11 长春市农业机械研究所 Anti-winding type straw crushing device
CA2699110A1 (en) * 2009-04-08 2010-10-08 Tube-Line Manufacturing Ltd. Bale processor having improved shredding roller
CN202565782U (en) * 2012-03-22 2012-12-05 万里国际控股集团有限公司 Straw crushing machine
CN204261772U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-04-15 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of stalk multi-stage combination pulverizer

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107172979A (en) * 2017-07-16 2017-09-19 吉林大学 Nested differential double-screw type green grass or young crops raises stalk and crushes conveying device
CN107172979B (en) * 2017-07-16 2019-11-29 吉林大学 Nested differential double-screw type blueness raises stalk and crushes conveying device
CN107999237A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-05-08 何建龙 A kind of environmentally friendly stalk process equipment
CN108589357A (en) * 2018-02-26 2018-09-28 林金印 One kind being exclusively used in reed papermaking cutting equipment
CN108589357B (en) * 2018-02-26 2019-08-16 林向亮 One kind being exclusively used in reed papermaking cutting equipment
CN108970750A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-12-11 安徽鸡笼山食品有限公司 Grinding device is used in a kind of production of Vegetable powder
CN108970750B (en) * 2018-07-27 2020-05-22 安徽鸡笼山食品有限公司 Reducing mechanism is used in preparation of vegetables powder

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