CN2664373Y - Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine - Google Patents

Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2664373Y
CN2664373Y CN 200320111205 CN200320111205U CN2664373Y CN 2664373 Y CN2664373 Y CN 2664373Y CN 200320111205 CN200320111205 CN 200320111205 CN 200320111205 U CN200320111205 U CN 200320111205U CN 2664373 Y CN2664373 Y CN 2664373Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tearing
main shaft
wheel
kneading machine
forage grass
Prior art date
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CN 200320111205
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郝增义
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郝增义
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Priority to CN 200320111205 priority Critical patent/CN2664373Y/en
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Publication of CN2664373Y publication Critical patent/CN2664373Y/en

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Abstract

A highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine belonging to feedstuff processing technical field is used to solve the problems of low processing efficiency and big volume of existing equipment. The utility model comprises a motor, a belt drive set, a main shaft, a feed mechanism, a cutting-off mechanism, a tearing and kneading mechanism and a casing, wherein, the improved main shaft is vertically arranged; the feed mechanism, the rotating cutter head assembly of the cutting-off mechanism and the tearing and kneading mechanism are arranged on the main shaft from top to bottom in turn and rotate synchronously with the main shaft. The utility model can complete cutting-off and tearing and kneading of stems of various crops and has the main advantages that: (1) compared with the horizontal structure, vertical structure can save power by 30 percent; (2) the drive part is simple; (3) the whole machine possesses compact shape and small volume. The utility model obtains stalk crushing rate being above 98 percent with 65 percent of torn stalk with the length being less than 50 mm and 20 percent of torn stalk with the length ranging between 50 mm and 150 mm; in addition, the utility model does not have strict requirements on water content of processed material, thereby possessing extensive scope of application.

Description

A kind of efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine

Technical field

The utility model relates to a kind of feed processing machinery, particularly crops bar stems such as stalk, straw, beans bar is processed into the equipment of soft short strand forage grass, belongs to the feed processing technology field.

Background technology

The bar stem of crops comprises maize straw, millet straw, straw, beans bar, peanut vine, clover etc., includes abundant crude fibre, vitamin, mineral matter, thick protein etc., is the natural feed of pasture.But,, therefore do not need its further processing because its natural form and harder cutin cortex make the livestock palatability poor, non-digestible through the plant stalk of processing.Processing mode one class is to adopt the method for machinery, and the form that changes plant stalk makes its suitable livestock edible, and another kind of then is the method that adopts chemistry, with straw ensiling ammonification or hydrolysed ferment.Plant stalk is being carried out in the equipment of machining, commonly used a kind of be to cut off size reduction machinery, it is that plant stalk is cut into segment earlier, rub through the hammering of mechanical device again and make it to form soft short strand shape forage grass, the feed of this form can improve the edible palatability of livestock, help digesting and assimilating of nutrient, thereby improved the availability of forage grass greatly.Chinese patent discloses a kind of roughage processing machine for No. 95250121.2, it is that a kind of disposable material of finishing cuts off and to rub broken forage grass processing equipment, its agent structure is horizontal, the horizontal feeding of material to be machined, tears and rubs reducing mechanism and drive work respectively by the power transmission shaft that is parallel to each other its hand hay cutter cutting apparatus.The shortcoming of this structure is that the horizontal feeding consumed power of 1. horizontal machines is bigger, and 2. the transmission mechanism complexity uses part many, and 3. profile is bigger, and the operating space that takies is big.

Summary of the invention

The utility model is used to overcome the defective of prior art and the efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine of a kind of production efficiency height, simple in structure, compact appearance is provided.

The alleged problem of the utility model is that following technical scheme solves:

A kind of efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine, comprise motor, band transmission group, main shaft, feeding mechanism, shut-off mechanism, tearing and kneading machine structure, housing in the formation, wherein, motor rotates through band transmission group drive shaft, housing top is provided with charging aperture, the bottom is provided with discharging opening, its special feature is: described main shaft vertically is provided with, and the rotating cutter-head assembly of described feeding mechanism, shut-off mechanism and tearing and kneading machine structure from top to bottom are successively set on the main shaft and with main shaft and rotate synchronously.

Above-mentioned efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine, the top of described feeding mechanism is the awl tube, and the bottom is a cylinder, and the two connects as one, and which is provided with the propelling spiral; Described shut-off mechanism is made up of rotating cutter-head assembly and stationary knife assembly, wherein the rotating cutter-head assembly is made up of plate wheel and moving knife, plate wheel is 1~6, be disposed on the main shaft vertically, radially evenly be fixed with 2~6 moving knife that have land on each wheel disc, described stationary knife assembly comprises 2~6 tool fixing frame, the land stationary knife is set on each tool fixing frame at interval, the number of every group of stationary knife and the number of plate wheel are complementary, tool fixing frame is along circumferentially evenly being fixed on the host shell corresponding with the rotating cutter-head module position, and moving knife, stationary knife arranged spaced, land are relative vertically; Described tearing and kneading machine structure is rubbed wheel and sheet and is hammered into shape and to form by tearing, tear to rub to take turns and fixedly connected with main shaft, the sheet hammer is fixed or is hinged on to tear and rubs on the wheel, sheet hammer is rubbed wheel shaft and is provided with 3~6 layers to the interval along tearing, every layer radially uniform 2~6, the host shell corresponding with the tearing and kneading machine structure is provided with toothed interior lining panel, rubs the corresponding position of wheel bottom and sheet hammer and is provided with material toggling and fans tearing.

Above-mentioned efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine, described housing is made up of superposed charging housing and the host shell that is positioned at the bottom, the two is dismantled and assembled minute body structure, described charging housing is divided into high rod shell, middle rod shell or low rod shell by type, described high rod shell and middle rod shell are tubular, tangentially be provided with feeding-passage on its sidewall, described low rod shell is up big and down small tapered tube.

Above-mentioned efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine is provided with anti-batch turning wheels on feeding-passage, described anti-batch turning wheels are made up of two belt wheels and belt, and belt is provided with moving tooth, and belt shaft is parallel with main shaft, and the distance of two belt wheel centers and feeding-passage increases along feedstock direction;

Above-mentioned efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine, described tear rub the wheel bottom be provided with bearing body, bearing body is fixed on the host shell.

Above-mentioned efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine also is provided with flying wheel on the described main shaft, flying wheel is arranged on the bearing body bottom.

The cut-out that the utility model can disposablely be finished various crops bar stems is torn and is rubbed processing, and its overall structure is vertical, and its feed mechanism, shut-off mechanism, tearing and kneading machine structure all are arranged on the main shaft.This design is compared with common congenerous type, and advantage is mainly reflected in following aspect; 1. vertical structure can effectively utilize material deadweight to fall, and helps to finish charging and the process of rubbing is torn in cut-out, saves power than horizontal cross-feed and is about 30%; 2. each groundwork mechanism is driven by a main shaft, can simplify drive mechanism, uses parts few, can reduce power consumption, improves the reliability of equipment; 3. machine shape compactness, volume are little, and operation takes up room little.Break the joint rate through this mach stalk and reach more than 98%, tear tape length below 50 millimeters account for 65%, 50~150 millimeters account for 20%.In addition, this machine is not tight to the water content requirement of processed stalk, forage grass, and the processing scope of application is wide.The utility model can provide the type of different size, is the ideal equipment that all kinds of livestocks are cultured factory, forage grass processing factory.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the utility model (high rod shell is installed) structural representation;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view (drawing not in scale) of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of tearing and kneading machine structure;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation during rod shell during the utility model is installed;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation during rod shell during the utility model is installed.

Embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1, agent structure of the present utility model is vertical, drives the main shaft 7 that vertically is provided with by motor 5, band transmission group 6 and rotates.Feeding mechanism 2 is fixedly mounted on the topmost of main shaft, and charging awl tube 2-1 and cylinder 2-2 are connected as one by bolt, which is provided with and advances spiral 2-3.Material to be machined falls to entering shut-off mechanism 3 rapidly under the effect of the propelling of spiral and deadweight.The vertical feeding manner of this kind has utilized the deadweight of material to fall, and therefore can save power, improves working (machining) efficiency.For adapting to the charging of different crops bar stem, the utility model has been equipped with three kinds of different charging housings, the charging housing is the high rod shell 1-1a of processing stalk among Fig. 1, and the charging housing is respectively the middle rod shell 1-1b of processing straw, millet straw and processes the low rod shell 1-1c of beans bar, peanut vine, clover etc. among Fig. 4, Fig. 5.High bar, middle rod shell among Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 all tangentially are provided with feeding-passage 13 along it, referring to Fig. 2, also are provided with anti-batch turning wheels 12 on feeding-passage.High bar, king-rod shell structure are similar, and operation principle is identical.With high rod shell is that example illustrates its operation principle: add man-hour, manually stalk is inserted in the machine along the outer end of feeding-passage, in promote on the anti-batch turning wheel belt 12-3 the to contact moving tooth motion of a side of stalk under the effect of manpower with it, moving tooth 12-4 drives belt movement, two belt wheel 12-1,12-2 rotate thereupon, moving tooth advances stalk in the process of motion in feeding-passage, and prevents batch turning.The distance of cause two belt wheel centers and feeding-passage increases along feedstock direction, withdraw at the inner end of feeding-passage moving tooth, the straw of feeding-passage inner end enters in the feeding mechanism under the promotion of follow-up straw, under the drive of the propelling spiral of gravity and high speed rotating, enters shut-off mechanism.The low rod shell of tapered tube is to use when the bar material is hanged down in processing among Fig. 5, and processed feed is directly got final product by suitable for reading the inserting of low rod shell.

Still referring to Fig. 1, the bottom of feeding mechanism is provided with shut-off mechanism 3, and its effect is that processed forage grass is cut into segment.Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the utility model has designed rotating cutter-head assembly and stationary knife dish assembly according to shearing mechanism, and both cooperate cut-out forage grass.Wherein the rotating cutter-head assembly is made up of plate wheel 3-1 and moving knife 3-2, and plate wheel is 1~6, is disposed on vertically on the main shaft, evenly is fixed with 2~6 moving knife that have land on each wheel disc.The stationary knife assembly comprises 2~6 tool fixing frame 3-3, at interval land stationary knife 3-4 is set on each tool fixing frame, and tool fixing frame is by being bolted on the host shell 1-2, and stationary knife, moving knife are provided with at interval, and land is relative.Add man-hour, moving knife high speed rotating, stationary knife are fixed, and material is cut into segment fast fall into the tearing and kneading machine structure.

Still referring to Fig. 1, tearing and kneading machine structure 4 is arranged on the shut-off mechanism bottom, referring to Fig. 3, the tearing and kneading machine structure is rubbed wheel 4-1 and sheet hammer 4-2 and is formed by tearing, and tears to rub wheel and fixedly connected with main shaft, and sheet is hammered into shape to be fixed on to tear by stay bolt 4-3 and rubbed on the wheel, be provided with positioning sleeve 4-4 between each synusia hammer, the sheet hammer is rectangular thin plate.Sheet hammer also can adopt hinged mode to be connected with tearing to rub between the wheel.The host shell corresponding with the tearing and kneading machine structure is provided with toothed liner plate 10.The effect of tearing and kneading machine structure is that the feed that cuts off is further processed, and rubs wheel and sheet hammer through tearing, is with the rubbing of beating repeatedly of tooth liner plate to make forage grass form soft short strand shape, and the forage grass of this shape body is easy to digest and assimilate, and has improved palatability, improves efficiency of feed utilization.Tear and rub the wheel lower position and be provided with material toggling fan 15, will dial to the discharging opening (not drawing among Fig. 1) of setting tangentially through the finished product feedstuff of tearing and kneading machine structure processing.

Still referring to Fig. 1, be provided with bearing body 9 tearing the bottom of rubbing wheel, bearing body is fixed by bolts on the host shell, during repair demolition equipment, pull down bolt, main shaft and member disposed thereon can take out in the lump, and this structure can make the maintenance installing/dismounting of equipment all very convenient.

Be positioned at the bearing body bottom and be arranged on the rotary inertia that flying wheel 8 on the main shaft can improve main shaft, make the main shaft stability of rotation strong.

Claims (6)

1. efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine, comprise motor, band transmission group, main shaft, feeding mechanism, shut-off mechanism, tearing and kneading machine structure, housing in the formation, wherein, motor rotates through band transmission group drive shaft, housing top is provided with the charging aperture bottom and is provided with discharging opening, it is characterized in that: described main shaft (7) vertically is provided with, and the rotating cutter-head assembly of described feeding mechanism (2), shut-off mechanism (3) and tearing and kneading machine structure (4) from top to bottom are successively set on the main shaft and with main shaft and rotate synchronously.
2. efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of described feeding mechanism is awl tube (2-1), and the bottom is cylinder (2-2), and the two connects as one, and which is provided with and advances spiral (2-3); Described shut-off mechanism is made up of rotating cutter-head assembly and stationary knife assembly, and wherein the rotating cutter-head assembly is made up of plate wheel (3-1) and moving knife (3-2).Plate wheel is 1~6, be disposed on the main shaft vertically, radially evenly be fixed with 2-6 moving knife that has land on each wheel disc, described stationary knife assembly comprises 2-6 tool fixing frame (3-3), land stationary knife (3-4) is set on each tool fixing frame at interval, the number of every group of stationary knife and the number of plate wheel are complementary, and tool fixing frame is along circumferentially evenly being fixed on the host shell corresponding with the rotating cutter-head module position (1-2), and moving knife, stationary knife arranged spaced, land are relative vertically; Described tearing and kneading machine structure (4) is rubbed wheel (4-1) and sheet hammer (4-2) and is formed by tearing, tear to rub to take turns and fixedly connected with main shaft, the sheet hammer is fixed or is hinged on to tear and rubs on the wheel, sheet hammer is rubbed wheel shaft and is provided with 3~6 layers to the interval along tearing, every layer radially uniform 2-6, the host shell corresponding with the tearing and kneading machine structure is provided with toothed interior lining panel (10), rubs the corresponding position of wheel bottom and sheet hammer and is provided with material toggling and fans (15) tearing.
3. efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described housing is made up of superposed charging housing and the host shell (1-2) that is positioned at the bottom, the two is dismantled and assembled minute body structure, described charging housing is divided into high rod shell (1-1a), middle rod shell (1-1b) and low rod shell (1-1c) by type, described high rod shell and middle rod shell are tubular, tangentially be provided with feeding-passage (13) on its sidewall, described low rod shell is up big and down small tapered tube.
4. efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: on feeding-passage, also be provided with anti-batch turning wheels (12), described anti-batch turning wheels are made up of two belt wheels (12-1,12-2) and belt (12-3), belt is provided with moving tooth (12-4), belt shaft is parallel with main shaft, and the distance of two belt wheel centers and feeding-passage increases along feedstock direction;
5. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machines, it is characterized in that: tear rub the wheel bottom be provided with bearing body (9), bearing body is fixed on the host shell.
6. efficient forage grass tearing and kneading machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: also be provided with flying wheel (8) on the described main shaft, flying wheel is arranged on the bearing body bottom.
CN 200320111205 2003-11-10 2003-11-10 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine CN2664373Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200320111205 CN2664373Y (en) 2003-11-10 2003-11-10 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200320111205 CN2664373Y (en) 2003-11-10 2003-11-10 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2664373Y true CN2664373Y (en) 2004-12-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200320111205 CN2664373Y (en) 2003-11-10 2003-11-10 Highly effective forage grass tearing and kneading machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN104488466A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-08 杨剑 Pasture cutting grinder
CN106171325A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of dark green stalk beating device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN104488466A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-08 杨剑 Pasture cutting grinder
CN106171325A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of dark green stalk beating device
CN106171325B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-02-06 山东省农业科学院畜牧兽医研究所 A kind of dark green stalk beating device

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
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