CN106171325B - A kind of dark green stalk beating device - Google Patents

A kind of dark green stalk beating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106171325B
CN106171325B CN201610634970.6A CN201610634970A CN106171325B CN 106171325 B CN106171325 B CN 106171325B CN 201610634970 A CN201610634970 A CN 201610634970A CN 106171325 B CN106171325 B CN 106171325B
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China
Prior art keywords
feed bin
level
cutting
crushing
output shaft
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CN201610634970.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106171325A (en
Inventor
盛清凯
赵红波
王星凌
李祥明
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Institute Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine of Shandong AAS
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Institute Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine of Shandong AAS
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Application filed by Institute Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine of Shandong AAS filed Critical Institute Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine of Shandong AAS
Priority to CN201610634970.6A priority Critical patent/CN106171325B/en
Publication of CN106171325A publication Critical patent/CN106171325A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/14Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices
    • B02C13/16Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with vertical rotor shaft, e.g. combined with sifting devices with beaters hinged to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of dark green stalk beating device, and the thin technical problem of powder can not be crushed to solve dark green stalk.It includes feed bin, disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism and actuating unit;Feed bin includes crushing feed bin and cutting feed bin, crushes bottom and the rear portion UNICOM of described cutting feed bin of feed bin;Disintegrating mechanism is vertically installed in described crushing feed bin, transmission mechanism is arranged in the rear portion of cutting feed bin, longitudinally cutting mechanism is arranged in the front portion of cutting feed bin, transverse cuts mechanism is arranged on the front end of cutting feed bin, and disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism are connected with actuating unit respectively.It can realize smashing, chop up and prescinding to dark green stalk, produce satisfactory straw feed.

Description

A kind of dark green stalk beating device
Technical field
The present invention relates to feed cutter technical field, specifically a kind of dark green stalk beating device.
Background technology
Several key restriction factors be present in the production of China's intensive pig production, wherein outstanding behaviours is in corn, dregs of beans etc. Feedstuff price increase is too fast, and the feed cost quickly to go up constrains the development of pig industry.Dark green maize straw and viridescent Wheat stalk, inexpensively, succulence, the feed costs such as corn, dregs of beans can be significantly reduced using dark green straw feed feeding live pig, are adjusted High culture benefit.The plant-eating animals such as corn silage feeding cattle and sheep, have been widely used, and achieve good economic effect Benefit, but using few in terms of live pig is fed.Pig is nonruminant, when stem shatter granularity is long, when stalk is chewed in snoot Between it is long, be not easy to swallow, and stalk crust texture is harder, easily causes pig stomach damage.Dark green stalk largely should in pig industry With, it is necessary to smash thin.
Current beating crusher is difficult that dark green stalk comminuted powder is thin.First, current beating crusher bottom is contained Screen cloth.Grinding particle size continues to crush in crushing bin less than the material of sieve aperture standard by screen cloth, the big stalk particle of granularity.By It is high in dark green stalk water content, suction-operated be present between stalk particle, therefore screen cloth is usually blocked, it can not be arranged by screen cloth Go out, cause to fill up material in crushing bin, it is difficult to continue to crush.If removing screen cloth, large and small particle is spilt in the lump, it is difficult to powder Flour is thin.Second, current beating crusher is single shaft beating crusher.Single hammer leaf or blade are housed on rotor, passed through The percussion of hammer leaf, dark green stalk is beaten carefully, or the rotation by blade, by dark green stalk segment, the two all can not be by powder of straw Flour is thin.Therefore need to provide a kind of device to solve deficiency of the prior art.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of dark green stalk beating device, to solve dark green stalk, can not to be crushed powder thin Technical problem.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention to solve the technical problem is that:A kind of dark green stalk beating device include feed bin, Disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism and actuating unit;The feed bin include crush feed bin and Cut feed bin, the bottom for crushing feed bin and the rear portion UNICOM of described cutting feed bin;The disintegrating mechanism is vertically installed at In described crushing feed bin, the transmission mechanism is arranged in the rear portion of cutting feed bin, and the longitudinally cutting mechanism is arranged on and cut In the front portion in material cutting storehouse, the transverse cuts mechanism be arranged on cutting feed bin front end, described disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, Longitudinally cutting mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism are connected with actuating unit respectively.
The feed bin includes charging aperture, and the charging aperture is installed on the top of the crushing feed bin, and the charging aperture uses Taper mouth structure;The lower end of the charging aperture is provided with extension mouth, and described extension mouth is made up of multi-disc arc cone sheets, the cone The upper end of shape piece and the lower end hinge of charging aperture, are provided with bouncing plate between the cone sheets and charging aperture.
The medial surface for crushing feed bin is fixed with crushing wall, and described crushing wall includes multiple convex teeth, the convex tooth It is distributed in and crushes on wall.
The bottom for crushing feed bin, which is provided with, crushes discharge port, and the crushing discharge port is in certain inclination angle with crushing feed bin Degree installation, the front end installation thumb wheel for crushing discharge port.
The disintegrating mechanism includes crushing rotating shaft and multiple crush is hammered into shape, and multiple described crushing hammers are mobilizable from top to down Crushed installed in described around rotating shaft, multiple crushing hammers are of different sizes.
Described transmission mechanism includes extruding screw, and extruding screw front portion pitch is gradually less than rear portion pitch, extruding screw Anterior diameter is increasingly greater than rearward diameter.
The longitudinally cutting structure includes longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism and longitudinal grooving plate, and longitudinal grooving plate is located at institute The lower section of longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism is stated, described longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism includes longitudinally cutting axle, longitudinally cutting endless knife Piece and longitudinally cutting pinch roller, described longitudinally cutting annular blade are arranged on described longitudinally cutting axle;Cut described longitudinal direction Pinch roller is cut between described longitudinally cutting annular blade;
Longitudinal grooving plate includes cutter groove and dividing plate, and the movable dismounting of dividing plate is arranged on described longitudinal grooving On plate, the width of the cutter groove is equal with the width of the longitudinally cutting annular blade, the width of the dividing plate and the longitudinal direction The width for cutting pinch roller is equal;Described cutter groove corresponds to the longitudinally cutting annular blade position and set, and described dividing plate is corresponding The longitudinally cutting pinch roller installation;The front end outer side of the cutting feed bin is provided with fixed plate.
The transverse cuts mechanism includes rotating blade, transverse cuts rotating shaft and positioning base, the rotating blade installation In the front end of described transverse cuts rotating shaft, described rotating blade is positioned at the exit of the cutting feed bin;Described transverse direction Cut rotating shaft to be rotatably arranged on described positioning base, described positioning base is fixed on described cut by fixing screws In the fixed plate of the front end in material cutting storehouse.
The present apparatus is additionally provided with blowing mechanism, and the blowing mechanism is fixed in described fixed plate, described blowing mechanism Including electric fan, the electric fan purges downwards positioned at the top of the outlet of the cutting feed bin, the electric fan.
Described actuating unit includes motor, gearbox and bevel gear box, and described gearbox includes one-level speed change Case and two-stage transmission, described bevel gear box include one-level bevel gear box, two level bevel gear box and three-level bevel gear box;It is described One-level gearbox includes primary input axial, the output shaft of one-level first, the output shaft of one-level second and the output shaft of one-level the 3rd;The drive The output shaft of dynamic motor is connected with the primary input axial of the one-level gearbox, and the output shaft of one-level first turns with described crush Axis connection, the output shaft of one-level second are connected with the extruding screw;The output shaft of one-level the 3rd and one-level cone tooth The input axis connection of roller box, the output shaft of the one-level bevel gear box and the input axis connection of the two-stage transmission;Described two Level gearbox includes the output shaft of two level first and the output shaft of two level second, the output shaft of two level first and the longitudinally cutting axle Connection, the input axis connection of the output shaft of two level second and the two level bevel gear box, the output shaft of two level bevel gear box with The input axis connection of three-level bevel gear box, the output shaft of three-level bevel gear box are connected with the transverse cuts rotating shaft.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, disintegrating mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism and transverse cuts mechanism are utilized in the present invention, can be achieved to dark green stalk Smash, chop up and prescind, produce satisfactory straw feed.
2nd, required according to stalk cutting width is different, in the longitudinally cutting mechanism in the present invention, longitudinally cutting annular blade Between different multiple longitudinally cutting pinch rollers can be installed, the width of stalk is cut with regulation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall appearance structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 front view;
Fig. 3 is that the longitudinal section after actuating unit is removed in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is A-A sectional views in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is partial enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is partial enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 4;
In figure:1. charging aperture;2. crush feed bin;3. cut feed bin;4. discharging bin;5. extend mouth;6. bouncing plate;7. crush Wall;8. crush rotating shaft;9. crush hammer;10. crush discharge port;11. thumb wheel;12. extruding screw;13. longitudinally cutting axle;It is 14. vertical To cutting annular blade;15. longitudinally cutting pinch roller;16. longitudinal grooving plate;17. cutter groove;18. dividing plate;19. rotating blade;20. Transverse cuts rotating shaft;21. positioning base;22. fixing screws;23. electric fan;24. one-level gearbox;25. two-stage transmission; 26. one-level bevel gear box;27. two level bevel gear box;28. three-level bevel gear box;29. motor;30. fixed plate.
Embodiment
As shown in Figures 1 to 6, a kind of dark green stalk beating device includes feed bin, disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting Mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism, blowing mechanism and actuating unit;
Described feed bin includes charging aperture 1, crushes feed bin 2, cutting feed bin 3 and discharging bin 4;The charging aperture 1 is installed on The top for crushing feed bin 2, the charging aperture 1 use taper mouth structure, to facilitate the dispensing of stalk, the charging aperture 1 Lower end is provided with extension mouth 5, and described extension mouth 5 is made up of multi-disc arc cone sheets, upper end and the charging aperture 1 of the cone sheets Lower end hinge, bouncing plate 6 is provided between the cone sheets and charging aperture 1;During stalk is launched, influenceed by stalk gravity Described extension mouth 5 is opened, and the lower end feeding-passage of charging aperture 1 is opened, and stalk, which enters, to be crushed in feed bin 2;When stalk has been launched Bi Hou, the cone sheets for extending mouth 5 collapse in the presence of bouncing plate 6 to centre, close the lower end feeding-passage of charging aperture 1, During stalk is crushed in crushing feed bin 2, stalk can be avoided to be thrown out of by charging aperture 1, hurt staff.
Described crushing feed bin 2 uses cylinder hollow shell structure, vertically-mounted, and the medial surface for crushing feed bin 2 is fixed Provided with wall 7 is crushed, described crushing wall 7 includes multiple convex teeth, and the convex interdental septa, which is distributed in, to crush on wall 7, in stalk by powder Broken mechanism is hit in crushing process, and when stalk is knocked on described crushing wall 7, described crushing wall 7 can strengthen to straw The crushing effect of stalk.Described disintegrating mechanism is vertically installed in described crushing feed bin 2, because stalk is by the shadow of self gravitation Ring, move from top to bottom, the beneficial effect that disintegrating mechanism is so installed is, be can be achieved during stalk falls to stalk Multiple crushing.Described disintegrating mechanism includes crushing rotating shaft 8 and multiple crush hammers 9 into shape, and described crushing hammer 9 can live from top to down Dynamic is arranged on around described crushing rotating shaft 8, and the bottom for crushing hammer 9 passes through link with crushing the outer surface of rotating shaft 8 Hinge, described link are fixed on the outer surface of the crushing rotating shaft 8.Multiple hammers 9 that crush are of different sizes, and multiple powder Broken hammer 9 is different from the mounting distance for crushing rotating shaft 8, such structure and mounting means, it is possible to achieve stalk is in multiple spaces Orientation can be strengthened crushing effect by crushing is tapped.The outer surface for crushing hammer 9 is provided with multiple salient points, described salient point The shock to stalk can equally be strengthened.The bottom for crushing rotating shaft 8 is connected with described actuating unit.
The bottom connection for crushing feed bin 2 crushes discharge port 10, and described crushing discharge port 10 is in one with crushing feed bin 2 Constant inclination rake angle is installed, and the purpose for tilting installation is to enable the stalk after crushing smoothly to enter in described cutting feed bin 3, and It is unlikely to crushing the bottom accumulation of feed bin 2, causes stopping state.
The front end for crushing discharge port 10 is provided with thumb wheel 11, and described thumb wheel 11 is used to that the front end powder of discharge port 10 will to be crushed Stalk after broken, which is allocated to, to be crushed in discharge port 10, and described thumb wheel 11 includes thumb wheel axle, plate and thumb wheel motor, described plate Around thumb wheel axle, described plate uses arcuate structure, when thumb wheel 11 works, using the lateral arcs of the plate The stalk after crushing is stirred in face, and stalk was embraced when can both realize the fluctuation to stalk, while plate can be avoided to work.It is described Thumb wheel 11 is connected by the output axis connection of thumb wheel axle and the thumb wheel motor, described thumb wheel motor with external power source.
The cutting rear portion of feed bin 3 and the lower end UNICOM of the crushing discharge port 10, the straw after the first stage crushes Stalk also needs to further process in cutting feed bin 3 in terms of length and width.Described transmission mechanism is installed on cutting material The rear portion in storehouse 3, described transmission mechanism are used to transmit the stalk slid to cutting feed bin 3 rear portion after crushing to longitudinal cutter Cut at structure, to realize the movement of stalk, prevent rear portion accumulation of the stalk in cutting feed bin 3.Described transmission mechanism bag Extruding screw 12 is included, 12 anterior pitch of extruding screw is gradually less than rear portion pitch, after 12 anterior diameter of extruding screw is increasingly greater than Portion's diameter, extruding force forward is so produced to stalk.The bottom for crushing discharge port 10 is located at the rear portion of extruding screw 12 Top, it can so ensure that stalk is entered directly at extruding screw 12 after being come off from crushing discharge port 10.The extruding screw 12 rear end is connected with described actuating unit.
Described longitudinally cutting mechanism attenuates for still wider stalk after the first stage crushes to be carried out into cutting, Reach width requirement.Described longitudinally cutting mechanism includes longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism and longitudinal grooving plate 16, described Longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism includes longitudinally cutting axle 13, longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 and longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15, and described is vertical It is arranged on to cutting annular blade 14 on described longitudinally cutting axle 13, the longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 and described longitudinal direction The right angle setting of cutting axis 13;Require according to stalk cutting width is different, can be installed between described longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 Different multiple described longitudinally cutting pinch rollers 15, described longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 are arranged on described longitudinally cutting axle 13, Described longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 and the described right angle setting of longitudinally cutting axle 13;The width of the longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 is with indulging The width inner to cutting annular blade 14 is equal, i.e., longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 and longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 are arranged on longitudinal direction Occupied axial distance is equal when on cutting axis 13;The blade width of the outer end of longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 is less than longitudinal direction Cut the inner width of annular blade 14;The diameter of the longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 is less than the longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 Diameter, the annular circumferential face of the longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 are provided with groove, and the described one side of longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 is used for Described longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 is separated, is on the other hand used to extrude and drive stalk to move forward.Cut described longitudinal direction Hob cutter mechanism is cut laterally rotatably to be arranged in described cutting feed bin 3;Described longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism passes through longitudinal direction Cutting axis 13 are connected with actuating unit.
Described longitudinal grooving plate 16 is fixedly mounted in described cutting feed bin 3, and is located at the longitudinally cutting hobboing cutter The lower section of mechanism;Described longitudinal grooving plate 16 includes cutter groove 17 and dividing plate 18, the installation of described 18 movable dismounting of dividing plate On described longitudinal grooving plate 16, the width of the cutter groove 17 width phase inner with the longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 Deng the width of the dividing plate 18 is equal with the width of the longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15;Cut the corresponding longitudinal direction of described cutter groove 17 Annular blade 14 is cut to set, the outer terminal knife edge of the longitudinally cutting annular blade 14 is located in described cutter groove 17, it is described every The corresponding longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 of plate 18 is installed, and the outer end of the longitudinally cutting pinch roller 15 is located at the top of the dividing plate 18; The upper surface of the dividing plate 18 is provided with groove, and the groove on dividing plate 18 plays squeezing action to stalk.
Stalk after second stage chops up also needs to further prescind by transverse cuts mechanism in terms of length, with Final production goes out satisfactory straw feed.
The front end outer side of the cutting feed bin 3 is provided with fixed plate 30, and described fixed plate 30 is used for fixed described transverse direction Cutting mechanism, blowing mechanism and discharging bin 4;Described transverse cuts mechanism includes rotating blade 19, the He of transverse cuts rotating shaft 20 Positioning base 21, described rotating blade 19 are arranged on the front end of described transverse cuts rotating shaft 20, described rotating blade 19 The exit of the cutting feed bin 3 is installed on, described transverse cuts rotating shaft 20 is rotatably arranged on described positioning base On 21, described positioning base 21 is provided with fixing screws 22, and described positioning base 21 is solid by described fixing screws 22 It is scheduled in the fixed plate 30 of cutting feed bin 3 front end;The rear end that described transverse cuts mechanism passes through transverse cuts rotating shaft 20 It is connected with described actuating unit.
Described discharging bin 4 is arranged on the front end of the cutting feed bin 3, and the inner of the discharging bin 4 is fixed on described In fixed plate 30, the lower end of the discharging bin 4 is provided with discharging opening, and the straw feed after the cutting of rotating blade 19 passes through described Discharging opening discharge.Described blowing mechanism is fixed in described fixed plate 30, and described blowing mechanism includes electric fan 23, Described electric fan 23 is connected with external power source, and the electric fan 23 is positioned at the top that the cutting feed bin 3 exports, the electric wind Fan 23 purges downwards, to realize that the straw feed after the cutting of rotating blade 19 is rapidly separated cutting feed bin 3 exit, prevents stalk The accumulation of feed, and blockage phenomenon.
Described actuating unit includes motor 29, gearbox and bevel gear box, described parameter case and bevel gear box Primarily serve speed governing and change the effect of transmission direction;Described gearbox includes one-level gearbox 24 and two-stage transmission 25, Described bevel gear box includes one-level bevel gear box 26, two level bevel gear box 27 and three-level bevel gear box 28;The one-level speed change Case 24 includes primary input axial, the output shaft of one-level first, the output shaft of one-level second and the output shaft of one-level the 3rd, the motor 29 output shaft is connected with the primary input axial of the one-level gearbox 24, the output shaft of one-level first and the crushing rotating shaft 8 connections, the output shaft of one-level second are connected with the extruding screw 12;The output shaft of one-level the 3rd and one-level cone tooth The input axis connection of roller box 26, the input axis connection of the output shaft of the one-level bevel gear box 26 and the two-stage transmission 25; The two-stage transmission 25 includes the output shaft of two level first and the output shaft of two level second, and the output shaft of two level first is indulged with described Connected to cutting axis 13, the input axis connection of the output shaft of two level second and the two level bevel gear box 27, the two level cone The output shaft of gear-box 27 and the input axis connection of three-level bevel gear box 28, the output shaft of the three-level bevel gear box 28 with it is described Transverse cuts rotating shaft 20 connects.Actuating unit of the present invention, after to power speed changing and tuning, it can be achieved by a driving electricity The effect that machine 29 drives jointly to disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism and transverse cuts mechanism.
It is the known technology of those skilled in the art in addition to the technical characteristic described in specification.
Although above-mentioned the embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to accompanying drawing, model not is protected to the present invention The limitation enclosed, on the basis of technical solution of the present invention, those skilled in the art, which would not require any inventive effort, to be done The various modifications or deformation gone out are still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of dark green stalk beating device, it is characterised in that including feed bin, disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinal cutter Structure, transverse cuts mechanism and actuating unit;The feed bin include crush feed bin and cutting feed bin, it is described crush feed bin bottom with The rear portion UNICOM of described cutting feed bin;The disintegrating mechanism is vertically installed in described crushing feed bin, the transmission mechanism In the rear portion of cutting feed bin, the longitudinally cutting mechanism is arranged in the front portion of cutting feed bin, the transverse cutting machine Structure is arranged on the front end of cutting feed bin, described disintegrating mechanism, transmission mechanism, longitudinally cutting mechanism, transverse cuts mechanism difference It is connected with actuating unit;
The disintegrating mechanism includes crushing rotating shaft and multiple crush is hammered into shape, multiple described crushing hammer mobilizable installations from top to down Crushed in described around rotating shaft, multiple crushing hammers are of different sizes;
Described transmission mechanism includes extruding screw, and extruding screw front portion pitch is gradually less than rear portion pitch, and extruding screw is anterior Diameter is increasingly greater than rearward diameter;
The longitudinally cutting structure includes longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism and longitudinal grooving plate, and longitudinal grooving plate is positioned at described vertical To the lower section of kerf cutter mechanism, described longitudinally cutting hob cutter mechanism include longitudinally cutting axle, longitudinally cutting annular blade and Longitudinally cutting pinch roller, described longitudinally cutting annular blade are arranged on described longitudinally cutting axle;Described longitudinally cutting pressure Wheel is arranged between described longitudinally cutting annular blade;
Longitudinal grooving plate includes cutter groove and dividing plate, and the movable dismounting of dividing plate is arranged on described longitudinal grooving plate On, the width of the cutter groove is equal with the width of the longitudinally cutting annular blade, and the width of the dividing plate is cut with the longitudinal direction The width for cutting pinch roller is equal;Described cutter groove corresponds to the longitudinally cutting annular blade position and set, and described dividing plate corresponds to institute State longitudinally cutting pinch roller installation;The front end outer side of the cutting feed bin is provided with fixed plate.
2. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the feed bin includes charging aperture, institute The top that charging aperture is installed on the crushing feed bin is stated, the charging aperture uses taper mouth structure;The lower end of the charging aperture is set There is extension mouth, described extension mouth is made up of multi-disc arc cone sheets, the upper end of the cone sheets and the lower end hinge of charging aperture, Bouncing plate is provided between the cone sheets and charging aperture.
3. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the medial surface for crushing feed bin is consolidated Fixed be provided with crushes wall, and described crushing wall includes multiple convex teeth, and the convex interdental septa, which is distributed in, to crush on wall.
4. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the bottom for crushing feed bin is provided with Discharge port is crushed, the crushing discharge port is installed with crushing feed bin in certain angle of inclination, the front end peace for crushing discharge port Fill thumb wheel.
5. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the transverse cuts mechanism includes rotation Rotor piece, transverse cuts rotating shaft and positioning base, the rotating blade is arranged on the front end of described transverse cuts rotating shaft, described Rotating blade positioned at it is described cutting feed bin exit;Described transverse cuts rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on described positioning On base, described positioning base is fixed on by fixing screws in the fixed plate of the front end of the cutting feed bin.
6. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the present apparatus also includes blowing mechanism, The blowing mechanism is fixed in described fixed plate, and described blowing mechanism includes electric fan, and the electric fan is positioned at described The top of the outlet of feed bin is cut, the electric fan purges downwards.
7. a kind of dark green stalk beating device according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, described actuating unit includes driving Motor, gearbox and bevel gear box, described gearbox include one-level gearbox and two-stage transmission, described bevel gear case and bag Include one-level bevel gear box, two level bevel gear box and three-level bevel gear box;The one-level gearbox includes primary input axial, one-level the One output shaft, the output shaft of one-level second and the output shaft of one-level the 3rd;The output shaft of the motor and the one-level gearbox Primary input axial connection, the output shaft of one-level first with it is described crush rotating shaft be connected, the output shaft of one-level second and institute State extruding screw connection;The input axis connection of the output shaft of one-level the 3rd and the one-level bevel gear box, the one-level bore tooth The input axis connection of the output shaft of roller box and the two-stage transmission;The two-stage transmission includes the output shaft of two level first and two The second output shaft of level, the output shaft of two level first and the longitudinally cutting axis connection, the output shaft of two level second with it is described The input axis connection of two level bevel gear box, the output shaft of two level bevel gear box and the input axis connection of three-level bevel gear box, three-level The output shaft of bevel gear box is connected with the transverse cuts rotating shaft.
CN201610634970.6A 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 A kind of dark green stalk beating device Active CN106171325B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610634970.6A CN106171325B (en) 2016-08-04 2016-08-04 A kind of dark green stalk beating device

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CN106171325A CN106171325A (en) 2016-12-07
CN106171325B true CN106171325B (en) 2018-02-06

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CN109530009A (en) * 2018-10-22 2019-03-29 李云祥 A kind of stalk plate production system stalk dispersing device
CN109526416A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-03-29 东北农业大学 Corn stover is longitudinally broken to split pulverizer
CN110449244B (en) * 2019-07-02 2020-04-28 温州乾含节能科技有限公司 Device for assisting rare earth crushing by adopting inert gas

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