CN2845467Y - Thrusher for mixed feed - Google Patents

Thrusher for mixed feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2845467Y
CN2845467Y CN 200520093863 CN200520093863U CN2845467Y CN 2845467 Y CN2845467 Y CN 2845467Y CN 200520093863 CN200520093863 CN 200520093863 CN 200520093863 U CN200520093863 U CN 200520093863U CN 2845467 Y CN2845467 Y CN 2845467Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feed
roughage
mixed fodder
fodder
roller
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200520093863
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
冯少岭
陶学恒
雷晓静
李晓斌
Original Assignee
大连轻工业学院
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Publication date
Application filed by 大连轻工业学院 filed Critical 大连轻工业学院
Priority to CN 200520093863 priority Critical patent/CN2845467Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2845467Y publication Critical patent/CN2845467Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a mixed fodder crushing machine which is suitable for being used in middle-sized and small livestock raising farms. The utility model, which is composed of a coarse fodder feed mechanism, a fine fodder feed mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a kneading and crushing mechanism, adopts a structure which has two feed inlets, feeds materials radially and respectively, and integrates grass chopping, kneading and crushing into one body. Through the machine type, the function that fine fodder corn cobs (corn cores are contained), etc. and coarse fodder stalks, cereal straw, straw, grass, etc. are simultaneously crushed and stirred to be made into mixed fodder in one machine is realized; the state that raw materials can be stirred only after respectively crushed and cut off in the existing machine type is changed. Thus, labor workloads are reduced and production efficiency is improved. Compared with domestic traditional mixed fodder production, production efficiency is improved by two to three times.

Description

Mixed fodder is pulverized machine

Technical field

The utility model relates to agricultural feed manufacturing machine, relates in particular to the mixed fodder pulverizing machine that roughages such as a corn that has corncob and straw, millet straw, straw, grass are pulverized simultaneously.

Background technology

At present, hammer crusher and cone disk type pulverizer are mainly used in concentrated feed production on the domestic and international market.

The beater grinder primary structure is made up of feed hopper, rotor, hammer leaf and sieve sheet etc.The hammer crusher operation principle is, material enters pulverizing chamber from charging aperture, is subjected to the strike of the hammer leaf of rotation at a high speed and pulverizes, and pulverizes material and flies to tooth plate or liner plate with higher speed, further pulverizes with tooth, liner plate bump, rebounds subsequently and is subjected to smashing of hammer leaf once more.When hitting, clashing into, material also is subjected to the friction, shear action of hammer leaf end and screen cloth and further pulverizes, and during this period, is discharged from pulverizing chamber less than the particle major part of sieve aperture, greater than the particle of sieve aperture together, proceed to pulverize with initiate material.

The cone disk type pulverizer is mainly by feed hopper, active toothed disk rotor, fixed tooth disk, compositions such as circular screen.Two circle fixed teeth are arranged on the fixed tooth disk, and the section of tooth is flat rectangle, and three circle teeth are arranged on the active toothed disk, and its cross section is circular or flat rectangle, and for crushing effect is provided, the tooth on fixed tooth disk and the active toothed disk requires to be staggered usually.Operation principle is the high speed rotation of active toothed disk, produced powerful centrifugal force field, in crushing chamber, be formed centrally negative pressuren zone, material is sucked from fixed, active toothed disk center, under action of centrifugal force, by the center to external diffusion, material at first is subjected to inner ring to be changeed tooth and decides effect such as tooth bump, shearing, friction and just pulverized, progressively increased to the outer ring by inner ring with the linear velocity of changeing tooth, pulverized more and more carefullyyer by quilt be subjected to effect such as more and more stronger impact, shearing, friction, collision in the motion process of outer ring for material.Last material hits in the impact of outer ring tooth and bump ring and recoil and is further pulverized under the effect and reach ultra-fineization.

More than two kinds of pulverizers generally be used for the independent pulverizing of the concentrated feeds such as corn after the threshing.And roughage particularly the production of straw be to cut off by hay cutter.Hay cutter mainly is made up of charging aperture, feeding roller, cutter, moving cutting knife, discharging opening etc.Roughages such as straw, millet straw, straw, grass are entered by charging aperture, enter between cutter, the moving cutting knife by feeding roller, cut off feed by the motion of moving cutting knife, are discharged by discharging opening again.

Mix by mixer again through concentrated feed and roughage that above device fabrication goes out, form mixed fodder.Producing mixed fodder in the past all is to be finished by unit, and the function of equipment is competitive list all, and production efficiency is low.

Summary of the invention

Proposition of the present utility model is intended to solve on the market existing feed manufacturing machine function singleness, problem that production efficiency is low, has therefore designed a kind of mixed fodder that is suitable for using medium and small livestock rearing field and has pulverized machine.

Technical solution of the present utility model is achieved in that

A kind of mixed fodder is pulverized machine, comprise frame and motor transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that also comprising the roughage feed mechanism, the concentrated feed feed mechanism, shut-off mechanism and rub disintegrating mechanism, wherein said roughage mechanism is positioned at the upper left side of processing cavity, and the concentrated feed feed mechanism is positioned at the top of processing cavity, shut-off mechanism is loaded on the middle part of processing cavity, is equipped with at the position, bottom right of processing cavity and rubs disintegrating mechanism; Left end at the roughage feed mechanism has charging aperture, in the upper end of concentrated feed feed mechanism charging aperture is arranged also, on the right side of rubbing disintegrating mechanism discharging opening is arranged then.

Described roughage feed mechanism by a pair of thread form and roughage feeding roller mutually interlock identical with rotating speed form with belt and/or chain drive system, a side of carrying roller therein also is equipped with stationary knife.

Described concentrated feed feed mechanism by a pair of thread form and concentrated feed feeding roller mutually interlock identical with rotating speed form with belt and/or chain drive system, stationary knife also is equipped with in the below of a feeding roller therein.

Described shut-off mechanism is made up of moving knife and power transmission shaft, when it rotates and aforementioned stationary knife form to cut off motion.

Described rub disintegrating mechanism comprise by a pair of identical thread form and mutual corresponding drift angle with having of propeller shaft couplings and mutually interlock rub roller, the rotating disk that has hammer leaf that is fixed in the screen cloth on the frame and can rotates in net is formed, and this rotating disk and power transmission shaft link.

Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that conspicuously, show:

1, this type adopts two charging apertures, radially charging respectively, collection hand hay cutter grass, rubs, pulverizes and be one, and concentrated feed in the mixed fodder and roughage are produced, and finishes by a mixed fodder pulverizing machine.

2, designed advanced concentrated feed feed roller, can the corn ear without threshing directly have been dropped into by the concentrated feed charging aperture,, cut off by cutting knife again, after rubbing, entered crushing chamber and pulverize, improved production efficiency greatly through the crushing of concentrated feed feed roller.

3, design the advanced roller of rubbing, the roughages such as corn stalk of cut-out have been rubbed earlier pulverize again, improved crush efficiency.

4, in the hammer leaf crushing chamber, design rubbing plate, also improved crush efficiency.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model, wherein

1, motor 2, frame 3, roughage feed roller 4, roughage charging aperture 5, concentrated feed charging aperture 6, concentrated feed feed roller 7, stationary knife 8, moving knife 9, rub roller 10, screen cloth 11, hammer leaf 12, rubbing plate 13, discharging opening.

The specific embodiment

As shown in Figure 1, the primary structure of this machine is to design a pair of roughage feed roller cutting the front of falling the chamber, the top is a pair of concentrated feed feed roller, the back is a pair of roller of rubbing, two pairs of feed rollers are designed to constant speed, be designed to variable speed and rub roller, roller adopts thread form, the just in time interlock of the thread form of two rollers, increasing broken squeeze function, and the thread form of roller has certain drift angle, the drift angle of two rollers also is relative, therefore when material enters the roller extruding, rub crushing force, material is rubbed fragmentation, improved and rubbed efficient axial the generation; Rubbing the roller back is the hammer leaf crushing chamber; Between hammer leaf crushing chamber and discharging opening, screen cloth is installed, in order to the granularity that guarantees to pulverize.

The operation principle of this machine is that concentrated feeds such as corn ear are entered by the concentrated feed charging aperture, carry out attrition crushing by the concentrated feed feed roller, are cut off by cutting knife simultaneously; Meanwhile roughages such as tangerine bar, millet straw, straw, grass are entered by the roughage charging aperture, are cut off through cutting knife by the automatic feed of roughage feed roller; Cut off back concentrated feed and roughage and enter the hammer leaf crushing chamber through rubbing after roller is rubbed mixing simultaneously, produce mixed fodder after pulverizing through hammer leaf, discharge by discharging opening through screen cloth.

This machine is simple in structure, and volume is little, and is applied widely, easy to operate, productivity ratio height, low price.Be applicable to the straw-returning in general peasant household, pastoral area, medium and small raiser, small-sized feed-processing plant and rural area etc., have good market prospects.Along with the agricultural of agricultural restructuring and China from diadactic structure to ternary structural adjustment (being grain, industrial crops, livestock breeding industry), in peasant's extra earning, livestock breeding industry is occupied an leading position in agricultural development.If this technology is promoted in the whole nation, can advance the development of livestock-raising industry, reduce aquaculture cost, improve peasant's income, social benefit and economic benefit are all very remarkable.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of mixed fodder is pulverized machine, comprise frame and motor transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that also comprising the roughage feed mechanism, the concentrated feed feed mechanism, shut-off mechanism and rub disintegrating mechanism, wherein said roughage mechanism is positioned at the upper left side of processing cavity, and the concentrated feed feed mechanism is positioned at the top of processing cavity, shut-off mechanism is loaded on the middle part of processing cavity, is equipped with at the position, bottom right of processing cavity and rubs disintegrating mechanism; Left end at the roughage feed mechanism has charging aperture (4), in the upper end of concentrated feed feed mechanism charging aperture (5) is arranged also, and discharging opening (13) is then arranged on the right side of rubbing disintegrating mechanism.
2, mixed fodder according to claim 1 is pulverized machine, it is characterized in that described roughage feed mechanism by a pair of thread form and roughage feeding roller (3) mutually interlock identical with rotating speed form with belt and/or chain drive system, a side of carrying roller therein also is equipped with stationary knife (7).
3, mixed fodder according to claim 1 and 2 is pulverized machine, it is characterized in that described concentrated feed feed mechanism by a pair of thread form and concentrated feed feeding roller (6) mutually interlock identical with rotating speed form with belt and/or chain drive system, stationary knife (7) also is equipped with in the below of a feeding roller therein.
4, mixed fodder according to claim 1 and 2 is pulverized machine, it is characterized in that described shut-off mechanism is made up of moving knife (8) and power transmission shaft, when it rotates and aforementioned stationary knife formation cut-out move.
5, mixed fodder according to claim 1 and 2 is pulverized machine, it is characterized in that described rub disintegrating mechanism comprise by a pair of identical thread form and mutual corresponding drift angle with having of propeller shaft couplings and mutually interlock rub roller, the rotating disk that has hammer leaf that is fixed in the screen cloth on the frame and can rotates in net is formed, and this rotating disk and power transmission shaft link.
CN 200520093863 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 Thrusher for mixed feed CN2845467Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520093863 CN2845467Y (en) 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 Thrusher for mixed feed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520093863 CN2845467Y (en) 2005-11-24 2005-11-24 Thrusher for mixed feed

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2845467Y true CN2845467Y (en) 2006-12-13

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103262718A (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-08-28 张建臣 Straw cutting and recycling machine
CN103433102A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-11 丁八林 Two-way feeding type feed grinder
CN104055208A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-09-24 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Feedstuff mixing and crushing machine
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN104624344A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-20 上海康拜环保设备有限公司 Crop straw bundle negative-pressure coarse grinding method and crop straw bundle negative-pressure coarse grinding equipment
CN104722380A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-06-24 沈阳工业大学 Universal type feed grinder
CN105286053A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Circulating cutting and mixing type feed processing device
CN106171319A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN106269122A (en) * 2016-09-25 2017-01-04 潘春燕 The one continuous automatic crusher of boar food
CN106423505A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-22 河南工程学院 Mining screening mechanism
CN106664853A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 吉林大学 Corn cob biomimetic smashing soil fattening returning machine
CN109127039A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-04 安徽工程大学 Green grass feed cutting method

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103262718B (en) * 2013-04-26 2015-12-23 张建臣 Stalk segment recycling machine
CN103262718A (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-08-28 张建臣 Straw cutting and recycling machine
CN103433102A (en) * 2013-08-20 2013-12-11 丁八林 Two-way feeding type feed grinder
CN104055208A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-09-24 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Feedstuff mixing and crushing machine
CN104353535A (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-18 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Multistage combined grinding machine for straws
CN104722380A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-06-24 沈阳工业大学 Universal type feed grinder
CN104722380B (en) * 2014-12-07 2017-08-04 沈阳工业大学 Universal feed grinder
CN104624344A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-05-20 上海康拜环保设备有限公司 Crop straw bundle negative-pressure coarse grinding method and crop straw bundle negative-pressure coarse grinding equipment
CN105286053A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-03 无锡市双氏机械有限公司 Circulating cutting and mixing type feed processing device
CN106171319B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-08-24 哈工大机器人集团(广州)知识产权投资控股有限公司哈尔滨分公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN106171319A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 苏州灵垦农业科技有限公司 A kind of anti abrasive straw crusher device people
CN106269122B (en) * 2016-09-25 2018-06-19 株洲市九鼎饲料有限公司 The continuous automatic crusher of one boar food
CN106269122A (en) * 2016-09-25 2017-01-04 潘春燕 The one continuous automatic crusher of boar food
CN106423505A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-22 河南工程学院 Mining screening mechanism
CN106664853A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-17 吉林大学 Corn cob biomimetic smashing soil fattening returning machine
CN109127039A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-04 安徽工程大学 Green grass feed cutting method

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