CN202438498U - Automatic cleaning dust-removal system of photovoltaic assembly - Google Patents

Automatic cleaning dust-removal system of photovoltaic assembly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202438498U
CN202438498U CN2012200731164U CN201220073116U CN202438498U CN 202438498 U CN202438498 U CN 202438498U CN 2012200731164 U CN2012200731164 U CN 2012200731164U CN 201220073116 U CN201220073116 U CN 201220073116U CN 202438498 U CN202438498 U CN 202438498U
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China
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connected
power supply
dust
cleaning dust
automatic cleaning
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CN2012200731164U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘宏兵
吴戎
周树良
戴清政
胡晶珏
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深圳先进储能材料国家工程研究中心有限公司
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Abstract

An automatic cleaning dust-removal system of a photovoltaic assembly comprises a power supply device. One end of the power supply device is connected with a time controller, an air pump and a motor through a power supply line, the motor is connected with a guide rail, the guide rail is connected with a fixed support, a hairbrush, a high-pressure jet pipeline and a dust absorption pipeline are arranged on the fixed support, the air pump is connected with the high-pressure jet pipeline, and the dust absorption pipeline is connected with the air pump through an air filtering device. The automatic cleaning dust-removal system of the photovoltaic assembly is simple and compact in structure, simple to operate, high in working reliability, good in safety performance and low in energy consumption.

Description

光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统 PV system automatically cleaning dust

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本实用新型涉及ー种自动清洁除尘系统,更具体的说是涉及一种太阳能光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an automatic cleaning ー species removal system, more particularly, to a solar PV system automatically cleaning dust.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在太阳能发电被广泛应用的今天,太阳能板铺设在屋顶并用于发电使得太阳能快速走进我们的生活,但城市环境中有较多的灰尘,空气浑浊使得安放在屋顶的太阳能板表面很容易被灰尘覆盖,接受光的效率低,通常每隔半个月就要全进行清洗一次,否则太阳能板会因为灰尘的遮挡而降低发电效率;同样,铺设在各地的光伏组件都避免不了会被灰尘、风沙遮盖。 [0002] In today's widely used solar power, solar panels for the roof - solar power generation makes quick into our lives, but the urban environment have more dust, air pollution so that the solar panels placed on the roof surface is very dust cover easily, the light receiving efficiency is low, usually a whole should be cleaned every two weeks, or solar panels debris shield because power generation efficiency is lowered; Similarly, laid across the photovoltaic module can not be avoided dust, sand covering. 但进行大面积的光伏阵列清洗往往需要花费很多エ时,同时需浪费大量宝贵的清水资源,并且人工清洗操作不当吋,往往容易造成光伏组件表面玻璃的刮伤和破损,工作可靠性较差;甚至,如果是在斜面屋顶人工作业时,会有跌落的危险,存在较大的安全隐患,安全性能低。 However, when cleaning a large area photovoltaic arrays often takes a lot of Ester, while the need to waste a lot of valuable water resources, and improper operation inch manual cleaning, often result in scratching and breakage of the glass surface of the photovoltaic module, reliability is poor; even if it is artificial job sloping roof, there will be the danger of falling, there is a big security risk, low safety performance.

[0003] 中国专利201020183548. I公开了ー种太阳能路灯电池板自清洗装置,其包括设置于灯杆上的供水装置、设置于电池板上的电池板刷洗装置以及控制供水装置打开和闭合的自动控制装置。 [0003] Chinese Patent No. 201020183548. I discloses a solar street panels ー species from the cleaning device comprises a water supply means disposed on the pole, the plate disposed in the battery cell panel brushing means and controls the water supply means of the automatic opening and closing the control device. 该装置必须要求安装在水源或者供水系统附近,而往往道路路灯的安装边上很少有水源,适用范围小,若为该装置配设专用的供水系统,成本较高。 The apparatus of claim must be installed near or water supply system, while the edge of the road lights are often provided with little water, a small scope, if provided with a dedicated system for the water supply means higher costs.

[0004] 中国专利201020685542. 4公开了ー种利用高压气流对太阳能电池板阵列自动除尘的系统,其包括高压气体发生装置、传输管道和至少ー个喷射装置,喷射装置被安装在太阳能电池板阵列周边位置,每个喷射装置由喷头和喷嘴组成;高压气体发生装置含有高压气泵、电机、压カ表、调压阀、安全阀和控制阀。 [0004] Chinese patent 201020685542.4 discloses a system using a high pressure gas stream ー kinds of solar panel array automatic dust removal, which includes a high pressure gas generator, at least one transport conduit and ー injection device, the injection device is mounted solar panel array peripheral position, and each injection nozzle means a nozzle consisting of; high pressure gas generator comprising a high pressure pump, motor, pressure ka table, regulator, control valve and safety valve. 该系统通过传输管道将高压气体输送至喷射装置,再通过喷射装置形成高压气流,利用高压气流对太阳能电池板阵列表面覆盖的灰尘产生冲击和剪切的综合作用,实现除尘。 The transmission system through the high pressure gas delivery conduit to the injector means, and then a high-pressure air flow through the spray device, the combined effect of an impact and shear dust array of solar panels covering the surface using a high pressure gas stream, to achieve dust removal. 但该系统存在以下缺点:(I)单纯的依靠高压气体清洗,而无相应的除尘装置,在气体喷射起组件表面灰尘后,因无法控制灰尘飞行的方向,往往会导致停止喷射后,尘埃回落到组件表面或到其他组件表面,工作效率较低;(2)无法适应大面积的清洗,当组件面积过大时,气压会随喷射距离的増加而减小,导致部分区域因为气压不够而清理不了灰尘或清理不干净。 However, this system has the following disadvantages: (I) simply rely on high pressure gas cleaning, without the corresponding dust removing device, after starting the gas injection assembly surface dust, dust due to inability to control the direction of flight, often lead to post injection is stopped, the dust down the component surface or component surface to the other, lower operating efficiency; (2) can not accommodate the cleaning of a large area, when the assembly area is too large, the injection pressure will vary to increase in distance decreases, resulting in a partial region of insufficient cleaning because of air pressure not dust or clean is not clean.

实用新型内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 为了克服现有技术存在的上述问题,本实用新型提供ー种操作简单,省时省力,エ作可靠性高,安全性能好的光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统。 [0005] In order to overcome the above problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a simple ー modes of operation, time-saving, high reliability for the Ester, good safety performance photovoltaic module automatically cleaning dust removal system.

[0006] 本实用新型的技术方案是:其包括供电装置,供电装置一端通过供电线路与时间控制器、气泵及马达相连,马达与导轨相连,导轨与固定支架相连,毛刷、高压喷气管道及吸尘管道设于固定支架上,气泵与高压喷气管道相连,吸尘管道通过空气过滤装置与气泵连接。 [0006] The technical solution of the present invention are: power supply means including a power supply device via a power supply line and an end time controller, pump and associated motor, the motor is connected to the guide rail, the guide rail is connected to the fixed fence, brush, and the high-pressure jet pipe a dust collecting duct is provided on the fixing bracket, it is connected with the high pressure pump jet duct, the suction duct is connected through the air filter device and an air pump.

[0007] 进ー步,所述供电装置优选蓄电池。 [0007] Step ー feed, the device is preferably battery powered. [0008] 进ー步,所述供电装置的另一端通过太阳能供电线路与光伏组件相连,整个清洗除尘系统的电能补充可由光伏组件提供。 [0008] Step ー into the other end of the power supply apparatus is connected via the power supply line and the solar photovoltaic module, the entire dust cleaning system supplemental power provided by the photovoltaic module.

[0009] 本实用新型之光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统也可以直接接入市电,或者也可以同时接入市电和蓄电池,在不方便接入市电的时候可以离网工作。 [0009] The photovoltaic module according to the present invention automatically cleaning dust removal system can also directly access to electricity, or may simultaneously access to electricity and the battery, when electrical work may be inconvenient to access the network from the city.

[0010] 本实用新型在使用高压气体喷除光伏组件表面灰尘的同时,清扫并吸走残留的灰尘,使得组件玻璃表面保持干净透亮,工作效率高;本实用新型采用全自动模式,可实现每天定时的对光伏组件表面除尘,无需人工清理,省时省力;通过时间控制器可自由设定一天内需要清洗的时间,可有效避免在太阳能电池板工作的时段遮挡住太阳能板,通过调整清洗时段频率可以完全保证太阳电池组件玻璃表面的洁净。 [0010] In the present invention, while removing dust from the surface of the photovoltaic module using a high-pressure gas discharge, cleaning and residual dirt sucked, so that the assembly remains clean and bright surface glass, high efficiency; fully automatic mode of the present invention, can be achieved per day the timing of the surface dust on the photovoltaic module, without manual cleaning, saving time and labor; in need of cleaning can be freely set by the time controller time within a day, the period which can effectively prevent the solar panel to work blocking solar panels, by adjusting a washing time period frequency can completely ensure the cleanliness of the glass surface of the solar cell assembly.

[0011] 本实用新型结构简单、紧凑,操作简单,工作可靠性高,安全性能好,能耗低;本实用新型通过高压气体进行清洁,无需使用水资源,环保性能好;同吋,在水源不足或对水源没有要求的地方,采用高压气体全自动除尘系统清洁的方式,可降低维护成本、清洗成本和对水源的要求,适用于在高空或者野外等不易维护的地方。 [0011] The present invention is simple and compact structure, easy operation, high reliability, safety, low energy consumption; the present invention is cleaned by high-pressure gas, without the use of water resources, environmental performance; with the inch, the water insufficient water or no local requirements, automatic dust removal system using the high pressure gas in a clean manner, reducing maintenance costs, cleaning costs and the requirement for water for local field at high altitude or the like difficult to maintain. 本实用新型不仅可用于光伏组件表面的清洁,同时还可用于其它需要进行清洗的表面。 The present invention is applicable not only to clean the surface of the photovoltaic modules, but can also be used for cleaning surfaces other needs.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图I为本实用新型一实施例结构示意图。 [0012] Figure I a schematic diagram of a structure of a new practical embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] 以下结合附图对本实用新型作进ー步说明。 [0013] The following steps described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings ー present invention for feed.

[0014] 參照图1,本实施例包括供电装置10,供电装置10为蓄电池,供电装置10 —端通过供电线路11与时间控制器9、气泵8及马达6相连,马达6与导轨12相连,导轨12与固定支架4相连,毛刷2、高压喷气管道3及吸尘管道5设于固定支架4上,气泵8与高压喷气管道3相连,吸尘管道5通过空气过滤装置7与气泵8连接。 [0014] Referring to FIG 1, the present embodiment includes the power supply device 10, the power supply device 10 for the battery, the power supply device 10 - terminal 11 through the power supply line and the timing controller 9, pump 8 and the motor 6 is connected, the motor 6 is connected to the guide rail 12, rail 12 is connected to the fixing bracket 4, the brush 2, the high-pressure jet pipe 3 and the dust collecting duct 5 is provided on the fixing bracket 4, the air pump 8 is connected to the high pressure jet pipe 3, the air pump means 7 and the suction pipe 8 is connected via an air filter 5 .

[0015] 供电装置10的另一端通过太阳能供电线路13与光伏组件I相连,整个清洗除尘系统的电能补充可由光伏组件I提供。 The other end of [0015] the power supply device 10 by the solar power supply line 13 is connected to the photovoltaic component I, the entire dust cleaning system supplemental power provided by the photovoltaic module I.

[0016] 本实用新型之光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统也可以直接接入市电,或者也可以同时接入市电和蓄电池,在不方便接入市电的时候可以离网工作。 [0016] The photovoltaic module according to the present invention automatically cleaning dust removal system can also directly access to electricity, or may simultaneously access to electricity and the battery can operate off the access network at inconvenient mains.

[0017] 使用时,先设定好时间控制器9,确定好需要进行清洗的时间段,以便当达到设定的时间点时,整个清洗除尘系统能开始工作,实现精确控制。 When the [0017] use, the controller 9 first set up time, time required to determine a good cleaning to the entire dust cleaning system can begin work when the time reaches the set point, precise control. 整个清洁除尘系统的电源可由供电装置10提供动カ电源,供电装置10通过供电线路11带动马达6,马达6用于提供动力,并带动固定支架4顺延导轨12做上下移动,毛刷2、高压喷气管道3及吸尘管道5通过固定支架4与光伏组件I贴合;在马达6带动固定支架4顺延导轨12做上下移动的过程中,气泵8开始工作,高压喷气管道3喷出高压气体,将光伏组件I表面的灰尘等附着物喷离光伏组件I表面,再通过毛刷2作进ー步的清洁运动;在清洁的同时,灰尘等脏污物被吸入吸尘管道5,经空气过滤装置7浄化后,再通过气泵8重新利用于清洁光伏组件I表面。 Power to the entire system by cleaning dust supply device 10 provides a dynamic ka power supply device 10 via supply line 11 to drive the motor 6, for powering the motor 6, and drive rail 12 extended fixing bracket 4 moves up and down, the brush 2, the high pressure jet pipe 3 and the dust collecting duct 5 I bonded by the fixing bracket 4 and the photovoltaic module; 6 driven by a motor 4 fixed to the bracket 12 extended rail moves up and down to make the process, the air pump 8 to work, high-pressure jet discharged high pressure gas pipe 3, I dust the surface of the photovoltaic module from the photovoltaic modules and the like attachments I sprayed surface, into and through the brush for cleaning movement ー 2 steps; while cleaning, dust and other dirt is sucked into the suction pipe 5 was filtered through the air after purifying device 7, the pump 8 through the re-use of the photovoltaic module I to the cleaning surface. 如此做循环往复的清洁过程。 So do the cleaning process of the cycle.

[0018] 本实用新型采用全自动模式,无需人工操作,可定时自动清洗光伏组件表面完成整个清洗过程。 [0018] The present invention uses a fully automatic mode, without manual operation, the timing may be self-cleaning surface of the photovoltaic module to complete the cleaning process.

Claims (3)

1.光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统,包括供电装置,其特征在于,供电装置一端通过供电线路与时间控制器、气泵及马达相连,马达与导轨相连,导轨与固定支架相连,毛刷、高压喷气管道及吸尘管道设于固定支架上,气泵与高压喷气管道相连,吸尘管道通过空气过滤装置与气泵连接。 1. Automatic cleaning dust PV system, comprising power supply means, characterized in that the power supply apparatus via the supply line and an end time controller, pump and associated motor, the motor is connected to the guide rail, the guide rail is connected to the fixed fence, brush, high-pressure jet pipe and a dust collecting duct is provided on the fixing bracket, is connected with the high pressure pump jet duct, the suction duct is connected through the air filter device and an air pump.
2.根据权利要求I所述的光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统,其特征在于,所述供电装置为蓄电池。 The photovoltaic module automatically cleaning dust removing system according to claim I, wherein said power supply means is a battery.
3.根据权利要求I或2所述的光伏组件自动清洁除尘系统,其特征在于,所述供电装置的另一端通过太阳能供电线路与光伏组件相连。 3. The photovoltaic module of claim I or automatic cleaning dust removal system of claim 2, wherein said power supply means and the other end is connected with the supply line through the solar photovoltaic module.
CN2012200731164U 2012-03-01 2012-03-01 Automatic cleaning dust-removal system of photovoltaic assembly CN202438498U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103280471A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved self-cleaning solar panel structure
CN103280469A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved structure of solar cell panel
CN103280470A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved structure of solar cell panel
CN104550160A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 江苏大学 Efficient and intelligent solar cell panel cleaning device
CN105728398A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 淮安信息职业技术学院 Automatic flight surface cleaning robot for photovoltaic array
CN105728360A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-07-06 常州工学院 Waterless cleaning device for solar cell panel
CN105798016A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-07-27 北方民族大学 Surface cleaning robot for solar photovoltaic array and control method thereof
CN107191875A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-22 刘艳丹 A kind of road traffic energy-saving street lamp
CN107671068A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-09 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 One kind is anti-to block solar cell module
CN108224328A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-29 陈达健 A kind of solar street light solar panels cleaning device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103280471A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved self-cleaning solar panel structure
CN103280469A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved structure of solar cell panel
CN103280470A (en) * 2013-05-14 2013-09-04 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Improved structure of solar cell panel
CN103280471B (en) * 2013-05-14 2015-09-30 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 A kind of automatically cleaning solar panel modified node method
CN103280469B (en) * 2013-05-14 2015-09-30 浙江宏阳新能源科技有限公司 Solar panel modified node method
CN104550160A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-04-29 江苏大学 Efficient and intelligent solar cell panel cleaning device
CN105798016A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-07-27 北方民族大学 Surface cleaning robot for solar photovoltaic array and control method thereof
CN105798016B (en) * 2015-09-21 2018-03-09 北方民族大学 Photovoltaic array surface cleaning machines people and its control method
CN105728398A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 淮安信息职业技术学院 Automatic flight surface cleaning robot for photovoltaic array
CN105728360A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-07-06 常州工学院 Waterless cleaning device for solar cell panel
CN107191875A (en) * 2017-06-08 2017-09-22 刘艳丹 A kind of road traffic energy-saving street lamp
CN107671068A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-02-09 江阴艾能赛瑞能源科技有限公司 One kind is anti-to block solar cell module
CN108224328A (en) * 2017-12-26 2018-06-29 陈达健 A kind of solar street light solar panels cleaning device

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