CN111632910A - Photovoltaic solar panel is with dustproof protection device - Google Patents

Photovoltaic solar panel is with dustproof protection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111632910A
CN111632910A CN202010489119.5A CN202010489119A CN111632910A CN 111632910 A CN111632910 A CN 111632910A CN 202010489119 A CN202010489119 A CN 202010489119A CN 111632910 A CN111632910 A CN 111632910A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
dust
seat
solar panel
photovoltaic solar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202010489119.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111632910B (en
Inventor
李娜
刘道文
赵忠彪
吴泽
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Xuchang University
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Xuchang University
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Priority to CN202010489119.5A priority Critical patent/CN111632910B/en
Publication of CN111632910A publication Critical patent/CN111632910A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111632910B publication Critical patent/CN111632910B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/04Cleaning by suction, with or without auxiliary action
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/10Frame structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a dustproof protection device for a photovoltaic solar panel, which comprises an outer protection frame, a central rotating assembly, an ash cleaning assembly, a driving assembly and a dedusting pipe, wherein the outer protection frame is fixedly arranged at the outer side of the edge of the photovoltaic solar panel, a plurality of photovoltaic solar panels are uniformly arranged in the outer protection frame, the central rotating assembly is arranged at the central position in the outer protection frame, the central rotating assembly can be relatively and rotatably fixed between the corners of the solar panels, the ash cleaning assembly is fixed on the central rotating assembly, the ash cleaning assembly can do rotating motion on the photovoltaic solar panels through the central rotating assembly, a sliding groove is formed in the inner side of the peripheral frame of the outer protection frame, the driving assembly is arranged in the sliding groove in a sliding manner, the driving assembly provides power drive for the ash cleaning assembly, the dedusting pipe is also arranged in each reserved space, should the dust removal pipe in time absorbs the processing to the dust on the photovoltaic solar panel.

Description

Photovoltaic solar panel is with dustproof protection device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic solar panel equipment, in particular to a dustproof protection device for a photovoltaic solar panel.
Background
Photovoltaic power generation is increasingly accepted by more people as one of the main green energy sources; the photovoltaic is used for solar power generation, the cleanliness of the photovoltaic is particularly important, the influence of the dirt on the surface of a photovoltaic module on the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic module is quite obvious, firstly, the dirt on the surface influences the transmittance of light rays, and further influences the radiation quantity received by the surface of the module; secondly, dirt is adhered to the surface of the battery plate to form a shadow, and a hot spot effect is generated on the local part of the photovoltaic module, so that the photovoltaic panel is damaged, and the service life of the photovoltaic panel is shortened; in the prior art, dust on the photovoltaic solar panel is regularly removed by manpower, the method is complex in operation and high in cost, the effect after cleaning is not very obvious, and the photovoltaic panel is easily damaged, so that a dustproof protection device for the photovoltaic solar panel is needed to be provided to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a dustproof protection device for a photovoltaic solar panel comprises an outer protection frame, a central rotating component, an ash cleaning component, a driving component and a dedusting pipe, wherein the outer protection frame is fixedly arranged at the outer side of the edge of the photovoltaic solar panel, a plurality of photovoltaic solar panels are uniformly arranged in the outer protection frame, a preset space is reserved between the photovoltaic solar panels, the central rotating component is arranged at the central position in the outer protection frame and can be relatively rotatably fixed between the corners of the photovoltaic solar panels,
the central rotating assembly is fixedly provided with an ash cleaning assembly, and the ash cleaning assembly rotates on the photovoltaic solar panel at regular time through the central rotating assembly and performs ash cleaning treatment on the photovoltaic solar panel;
the inner side of the peripheral frame of the outer protective frame is provided with a sliding groove, a driving component is arranged in the sliding groove in a sliding way and provides power drive for the ash removal component,
and a dust removal pipe is also arranged in each reserved space, and the dust removal pipe can absorb and treat dust on the photovoltaic solar panel in time when the dust removal assembly works.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the ash removal component comprises an outer shell, a retractable sleeve, a first brush group and a second brush group, wherein the retractable sleeve is of a two-section retractable structure and comprises an outer connecting pipe and an inner pipe, the outer shell is arranged outside the retractable sleeve, the outer shell carries out sun protection on the retractable sleeve,
one end of the outer sleeve connecting pipe is rotatably connected with the fixed seat through a bearing and is fixedly connected with the central rotating assembly through the fixed seat, one end of the built-in pipe is rotatably fixed on the driving assembly through the bearing, when the driving assembly is driven to slide around the sliding groove, the built-in pipe and the outer sleeve connecting pipe are timely regulated to shrink, one side of the driving assembly, far away from the built-in pipe, is also fixedly provided with a rotating motor, the output end of the rotating motor is fixedly connected with the built-in pipe so as to drive the built-in pipe and the outer sleeve connecting pipe to do circular rotating motion relative to the photovoltaic solar panel,
therefore, an auxiliary spring is also arranged in the inner pipe and the outer sleeve connecting pipe, and the auxiliary spring pushes the inner pipe reversely under the elastic pressing action of the auxiliary spring;
a plurality of first brush groups are transversely and uniformly arranged on the outer circumference of the outer sleeve connecting pipe, each first brush group is respectively connected and fixed with the outer sleeve connecting pipe through a first connecting seat, a plurality of second brush groups are arranged outside the built-in pipe through a second connecting seat,
a plurality of strip-shaped grooves are symmetrically arranged on the pipe wall of the outer sleeve connecting pipe,
the first brush set and the second brush set are distributed on the vertical plane in a staggered manner, so that when the inner pipe slides towards the outer sleeve pipe, the second brush set is embedded into the outer sleeve pipe in a limiting manner through the sliding action between the second connecting seat and the strip-shaped groove;
and the shell is also fixedly provided with an ash baffle.
As a preferable technical scheme of the invention, the cross section of the ash baffle is in a semi-arc shape and is reversely fixed outside the ash cleaning component, so that when the ash cleaning component performs ash cleaning operation, the ash baffle reversely blocks particle dust,
the lower end face of the ash baffle is also provided with an ash cleaning brush, and the ash cleaning brush collects and cleans dust particles cleaned by the ash cleaning component.
As a preferred technical scheme of the present invention, the fetching and driving assembly includes a driving wheel and a fixing frame, the fixing frame is fixedly disposed on the ash removing assembly, the driving wheel is rotatably mounted on the lower end surface of the fixing frame, and the driving wheel is driven to rotate.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a plurality of rows of holes are formed in the side wall of the pipe fitting of the dust removal pipe, the rows of holes are linearly and uniformly distributed on the dust removal pipe, and the upper end surface of the dust removal pipe is also provided with a guide piece which effectively introduces external particle dust into the dust removal pipe through the rows of holes.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the central rotating assembly comprises a rotating seat, an inner connecting seat and a guide cylinder seat, wherein the guide cylinder seat is vertically embedded and fixed on the outer protection frame, the inner connecting seat is installed on the upper end surface of the guide cylinder seat, the rotating seat is rotatably sleeved outside the inner connecting seat through a bearing, and one end of the rotating seat is fixedly connected with the ash removal assembly;
a sealing pipe vertically penetrates through the inner connecting seat, the lower end of the sealing pipe is fixed on the guide cylinder seat in a sealing manner, and the upper end of the sealing pipe is communicated with the air suction pump through a fixing ring, so that the air suction pump can perform sealed extraction on air flow in the guide cylinder seat through the sealing pipe;
a plurality of airflow pipes are hermetically fixed on the circumferential side wall of the guide cylinder seat, each airflow pipe is respectively communicated with the dust removal pipe, so that dust particles in the dust removal pipe enter the guide cylinder seat along with airflow,
the one end that the sealed tube is close to the guide cylinder seat still installs the filter screen panel, the filter screen panel effectively filters the dust particle in the guide cylinder seat for it stews in the guide cylinder seat.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the cross section of the filter screen is in a reverse spherical shape, an activated carbon absorption device is arranged between the filter screen and the sealing pipe,
and a dust cleaning barrel is communicated below the guide barrel seat.
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a dustproof protection device for a photovoltaic solar panel, which has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the protective frame is arranged outside the photovoltaic solar panel, the outer side edge of the photovoltaic solar panel can be effectively protected, the plurality of photovoltaic solar panels can be arranged in the protective frame at equal intervals, and the dust cleaning component is used for carrying out regular dead-corner-free dust cleaning treatment on the upper surface of each photovoltaic solar panel, so that the dust protection of the photovoltaic solar panels is realized;
2. according to the invention, the dust removal pipe is arranged between the photovoltaic solar panels, and dust particles generated during the operation of the dust removal component are absorbed and treated in time through the guide piece, so that secondary dust fall in the cleaning process is prevented, and the dust removal effect is improved;
3. in this device, carry out gas extraction to the direction cylinder base through the aspiration pump, can improve the dust collection efficiency of dust removal pipe on the one hand, in the dust particle accessible air current pipe in the on the other hand dust removal pipe goes into the direction cylinder base to the dust fall stews, thereby flows in the deashing bucket, collects the processing with the convenience to the dust, simultaneously, still is provided with the filter screen panel between aspiration pump and direction cylinder base, can prevent effectively that the dust from getting into in the pump body, improve device life.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the ash removal assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the collapsible sleeve of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of a first brush set and a second brush set in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of the dust shield of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of the central rotating assembly of the present invention;
in the figure: the device comprises an outer protection frame 1, a sliding groove 101, a photovoltaic solar panel 2, a dust cleaning component 3, an outer shell 301, a retractable sleeve 302, a first brush set 303, a second brush set 304, a rotating motor 305, a fixed seat 306, an outer connecting pipe 307, an inner pipe 308, an auxiliary spring 309, a first connecting seat 310, a second connecting seat 311, a dust baffle 312, a dust cleaning brush 313, a driving component 4, a fixed frame 401, a driving wheel 402, a central rotating component 5, a rotating seat 501, an inner connecting seat 502, a guide cylinder seat 503, a sealing pipe 504, an air suction pump 505, a filter screen 506, an activated carbon absorption device 507, an airflow pipe 508, an ash cleaning barrel 509, a dust cleaning pipe 6 and a guide part 601.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, the present invention provides a technical solution: a dustproof protection device for a photovoltaic solar panel comprises an outer protection frame 1, a central rotating component 5, an ash cleaning component 3, a driving component 4 and a dedusting pipe 6, wherein the outer protection frame 1 is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the edge of the photovoltaic solar panel 2, a plurality of photovoltaic solar panels 2 are uniformly arranged in the outer protection frame 1, a preset space is reserved between the photovoltaic solar panels 2, the central rotating component 5 is arranged at the central position in the outer protection frame 1, the central rotating component 5 can be relatively rotatably fixed between the corners of the photovoltaic solar panels 2,
the central rotating assembly 5 is fixedly provided with the ash removal assembly 3, the ash removal assembly 3 rotates on the photovoltaic solar panel 2 at regular time through the central rotating assembly 5 and performs ash removal treatment on the photovoltaic solar panel, the rotating angle of the ash removal assembly is not limited, the ash removal treatment can reach 360 degrees without dead angles, and the rotating direction of the ash removal assembly rotates in a unidirectional mode;
the inner side of the peripheral frame of the outer protection frame 1 is provided with a sliding groove 101, a driving component 4 is arranged in the sliding groove 101 in a sliding mode, the driving component 4 provides power drive for the dust cleaning component 3, a plurality of photovoltaic solar panels can be arranged in the outer protection frame side by side, however, in order to ensure the dust cleaning effect, as the best embodiment of the invention, the photovoltaic solar panels are horizontally and longitudinally tiled into two, of course, the dust cleaning components can be circumferentially arranged into a plurality of groups to improve the dust cleaning efficiency, and only one of the groups is provided for reference,
each reserved space is internally provided with a dust removal pipe 6, the dust removal pipes 6 can absorb and treat dust on the photovoltaic solar panel 2 in time when the dust removal assembly 3 works, the cleaned dust can be properly absorbed, particles are not removed, and the particle size of effective dust collection particles of the dust removal pipes can be timely controlled according to actual environmental conditions.
Referring to fig. 3, 4 and 5, in this embodiment, the ash removal assembly 3 includes an outer casing 301, a retractable sleeve 302, a first brush set 303 and a second brush set 304, wherein the retractable sleeve 302 is of a two-section retractable structure and includes an outer connecting tube 307 and an inner tube 308, the outer casing 301 is installed outside the retractable sleeve 302, and the outer casing 301 performs sun protection on the outer casing 302, it should be noted that the outer casing can be adjusted in length along with the extension of the retractable sleeve, that is, the outer casing is also of a two-section or multi-section retractable structure,
one end of the outer connecting pipe 307 is rotatably connected with the fixed seat 306 through a bearing and is fixedly connected with the central rotating component 5 through the fixed seat 306, one end of the inner pipe 308 is rotatably fixed on the driving component 4 through a bearing, when the driving component 4 is driven to slide around the sliding groove 101, the inner pipe 308 and the outer connecting pipe 307 are adjusted to contract in time, one side of the driving component 4 away from the inner pipe 308 is also fixedly provided with a rotating motor 305, the output end of the rotating motor 305 is fixedly connected with the inner pipe 308 so as to drive the inner pipe 308 and the outer connecting pipe 307 to do circular rotating motion relative to the photovoltaic solar panel 2, so that the first brush set and the second brush set can perform dust cleaning at a certain rotating speed,
therefore, an auxiliary spring 309 is arranged in the inner tube 308 and the outer adapter tube 307, and the auxiliary spring 309 assists the inner tube 308 to be pushed through the elastic pressing action of the auxiliary spring 309;
a plurality of first brush groups 303 are transversely and uniformly arranged on the outer circumference of the outer connecting pipe 307, each first brush group 303 is fixedly connected with the outer connecting pipe 307 through a first connecting seat 310, a plurality of second brush groups 304 are arranged outside the inner pipe 308 through a second connecting seat 311,
the pipe wall of the outer casing connecting pipe 307 is symmetrically provided with a plurality of strip-shaped grooves,
the first brush group 303 and the second brush group 304 are distributed on the vertical plane in a staggered manner, so that when the built-in pipe 308 slides towards the outer sleeve 307, the second brush group 304 is embedded into the outer sleeve 307 in a limiting manner through the sliding action between the second connecting seat 311 and the strip-shaped groove, and therefore the first brush group and the second brush group can perform ash cleaning treatment on the photovoltaic solar panel according to the telescopic length of the telescopic sleeve;
an ash baffle 312 is fixed on the outer shell 301.
Referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the cross section of the ash blocking plate 312 is semi-arc and is reversely fixed outside the ash removal component 3, so that when the ash removal component 3 performs the ash removal operation, the ash blocking plate 312 reversely blocks the particle dust,
the lower end surface of the dust baffle 312 is also provided with an ash cleaning brush 313, and the ash cleaning brush 313 collects and cleans the dust particles cleaned by the ash cleaning component 3, so that the dust particles can be effectively cleaned.
Referring to fig. 2, in this embodiment, the taking and driving assembly 4 includes a driving wheel 402 and a fixing frame 401, the fixing frame 401 is fixedly disposed on the ash removing assembly 3, the driving wheel 402 is rotatably mounted on the lower end surface of the fixing frame 401, and is driven to rotate by the driving wheel 402.
In this embodiment, a plurality of row holes have been seted up on the pipe fitting lateral wall of dust removal pipe 6, each row hole is the straight line and evenly arranges on dust removal pipe 6, the up end of dust removal pipe still is provided with guide 601, should guide 601 effectively introduces outside granule dust in dust removal pipe 6 through the row hole, realizes the absorption processing to the dust granule.
Referring to fig. 7, in this embodiment, the central rotating assembly 5 includes a rotating base 501, an inner connecting base 502 and a guiding cylinder base 503, wherein the guiding cylinder base 503 is vertically embedded and fixed on the outer protection frame 1, the inner connecting base 502 is installed on the upper end surface of the guiding cylinder base 503, the rotating base 501 is rotatably sleeved outside the inner connecting base 502 through a bearing, and one end of the rotating base is connected and fixed with the ash removal assembly 3;
a sealing pipe 504 vertically penetrates through the inner connecting seat 502, the lower end of the sealing pipe 504 is hermetically fixed on the guide cylinder seat 503, and the upper end of the sealing pipe 504 is communicated with an air suction pump 505 through a fixing ring, so that the air suction pump 505 performs sealed extraction on air flow in the guide cylinder seat 503 through the sealing pipe 504;
a plurality of airflow pipes 508 are hermetically fixed on the circumferential side wall of the guide cylinder seat 503, and each airflow pipe 508 is respectively communicated with the dust removal pipe 6, so that dust particles in the dust removal pipe 6 enter the guide cylinder seat 503 along with the airflow, and the dust particles are collected and treated
One end of the sealing pipe 504 close to the guide cylinder seat 503 is further provided with a filter screen 506, and the filter screen 506 effectively filters dust particles in the guide cylinder seat 503 to prevent dust from entering the air pump, so that the dust is kept in the guide cylinder seat 503.
In this embodiment, the cross section of the filter screen 506 is in the shape of an inverted sphere, and an activated carbon absorption device 507 is disposed between the filter screen 506 and the sealing pipe 504, so as to effectively filter and absorb dust with small particle size again,
a dust cleaning barrel 509 is communicated below the guide barrel seat 503, and dust particles are collected after periodic dust cleaning treatment.
Specifically, in a general state, the dust cleaning component is vertically arranged right above the dust removing pipe to reduce the shielding of the photovoltaic solar panel, when the photovoltaic solar panel is subjected to dustproof protection, the dust cleaning component is driven to rotate around the central rotating component by the driving force, in the process, the telescopic length of the telescopic sleeve is adjusted according to the linear distance between the driving component and the central rotating component, at the moment, the rotating motor drives the built-in pipe and the outer connecting pipe to rotate, so that the first brush component and the second brush component rotate together in the same direction, dust particles on the photovoltaic solar panel are pushed along with the first brush component and the second brush component and are cleaned to be close to the dust removing pipe by the dust cleaning brush, the guide cylinder seat is operated by the air extraction pump to extract gas, so that the dust particles enter the guide cylinder seat from the airflow pipe, the guide cylinder seat is used for standing and dust removal treatment, and the dustproof protection of the photovoltaic solar panel is realized, and the dust can be repeatedly cleaned to ensure the surface of the device to be smooth, the regular working time of the device can be set to be 3-5 hours, and the device is controlled according to the actual environmental condition.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can substitute or change the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solution and the inventive concept thereof should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a photovoltaic solar panel is with protection device that prevents dust, its includes outer fender bracket (1), central rotating assembly (5), deashing subassembly (3), drive assembly (4) and dust removal pipe (6), wherein, outer fender bracket (1) fixed mounting is in the edge outside of photovoltaic solar panel (2), should align to grid has a plurality of photovoltaic solar panel (2) in outer fender bracket (1), leaves preset space, its characterized in that between each photovoltaic solar panel (2): a central rotating component (5) is arranged at the central position in the outer protective frame (1), the central rotating component (5) can be relatively and rotatably fixed between the corners of each solar panel (2),
the central rotating assembly (5) is fixedly provided with an ash cleaning assembly (3), and the ash cleaning assembly (3) periodically rotates on the photovoltaic solar panel (2) through the central rotating assembly (5) and performs ash cleaning treatment on the photovoltaic solar panel;
a sliding groove (101) is formed in the inner side of the peripheral frame of the outer protective frame (1), a driving component (4) is arranged in the sliding groove (101) in a sliding mode, the driving component (4) provides power for the ash removal component (3) to drive,
and a dust removal pipe (6) is also arranged in each reserved space, and the dust removal pipe (6) can timely absorb and treat dust on the photovoltaic solar panel (2) while the dust removal component (3) works.
2. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 1, wherein: the ash cleaning component (3) comprises an outer shell (301), a retractable sleeve (302), a first brush set (303) and a second brush set (304), wherein the retractable sleeve (302) is of a two-section retractable structure and comprises an outer connecting pipe (307) and an inner pipe (308), the outer shell (301) is installed outside the retractable sleeve (302), and the outer shell (301) performs sun protection on the retractable sleeve,
one end of the outer connecting pipe (307) is rotatably connected with the fixed seat (306) through a bearing and is fixedly connected with the central rotating assembly (5) through the fixed seat (306), one end of the inner pipe (308) is rotatably fixed on the driving assembly (4) through a bearing, when the driving assembly (4) is driven to slide around the sliding groove (101), the inner pipe (308) and the outer connecting pipe (307) are adjusted to contract in time, one side of the driving assembly (4) far away from the inner pipe (308) is also fixedly provided with a rotating motor (305), the output end of the rotating motor (305) is fixedly connected with the inner pipe (308) so as to drive the inner pipe (308) and the outer connecting pipe (307) to do circumferential rotating motion relative to the photovoltaic solar panel (2),
therefore, an auxiliary spring (309) is arranged in the inner pipe (308) and the outer connecting pipe (307), and the auxiliary spring (309) pushes the inner pipe (308) in an auxiliary way through the elastic pressing effect of the auxiliary spring;
a plurality of first brush groups (303) are transversely and uniformly arranged on the outer circumference of the outer casing connecting pipe (307), each first brush group (303) is fixedly connected with the outer casing connecting pipe (307) through a first connecting seat (310), a plurality of second brush groups (304) are arranged outside the built-in pipe (308) through a second connecting seat (311),
the pipe wall of the outer sleeved connecting pipe (307) is symmetrically provided with a plurality of strip-shaped grooves,
the first brush set (303) and the second brush set (304) are distributed in a staggered manner on the vertical plane, so that when the inner pipe (308) slides towards the inside of the outer sleeve pipe (307), the second brush set (304) is embedded into the outer sleeve pipe (307) in a limiting manner through the sliding action between the second connecting seat (311) and the strip-shaped groove;
and an ash baffle (312) is also fixed on the outer shell (301).
3. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 2, wherein: the cross section of the ash blocking plate (312) is in a semi-arc shape and is reversely fixed outside the ash cleaning component (3), so that when the ash cleaning component (3) performs ash cleaning operation, the ash blocking plate (312) reversely blocks particle dust,
the lower end face of the ash baffle (312) is also provided with an ash cleaning brush (313), and the ash cleaning brush (131) collects and cleans dust particles cleaned by the ash cleaning component (3).
4. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 1, wherein: the ash removing device is characterized in that the taking and driving assembly (4) comprises a driving wheel (402) and a fixing frame (401), the fixing frame (401) is fixedly arranged on the ash removing assembly (3), the lower end face of the fixing frame (401) is rotatably provided with the driving wheel (402), and the driving wheel (402) is used for driving in a rotating mode.
5. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 1, wherein: the dust removing device is characterized in that a plurality of row holes are formed in the side wall of the pipe fitting of the dust removing pipe (6), the row holes are linearly and evenly distributed on the dust removing pipe (6), a guide piece (601) is further arranged on the upper end face of the dust removing pipe, and external particle dust is effectively introduced into the dust removing pipe (6) through the row holes by the guide piece (601).
6. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 1, wherein: the central rotating assembly (5) comprises a rotating seat (501), an inner connecting seat (502) and a guide cylinder seat (503), wherein the guide cylinder seat (503) is vertically embedded and fixed on the outer protection frame (1), the inner connecting seat (502) is installed on the upper end surface of the guide cylinder seat (503), the rotating seat (501) is rotatably sleeved outside the inner connecting seat (502) through a bearing, and one end of the rotating seat is fixedly connected with the ash removal assembly (3);
a sealing pipe (504) vertically penetrates through the inner connecting seat (502), the lower end of the sealing pipe (504) is fixed in a sealing manner on the guide cylinder seat (503), and the upper end of the sealing pipe (504) is communicated with an air suction pump (505) through a fixing ring, so that the air suction pump (505) can perform sealed extraction on air flow in the guide cylinder seat (503) through the sealing pipe (504);
a plurality of airflow pipes (508) are hermetically fixed on the circumferential side wall of the guide cylinder seat (503), and each airflow pipe (508) is respectively communicated with the dust removal pipe (6), so that dust particles in the dust removal pipe (6) enter the guide cylinder seat (503) along with airflow,
one end of the sealing pipe (504) close to the guide cylinder seat (503) is also provided with a filter screen (506), and the filter screen (506) effectively filters dust particles in the guide cylinder seat (503) so as to enable the dust particles to stand in the guide cylinder seat (503).
7. The photovoltaic solar panel dust protection device of claim 6, wherein: the cross section of the filter screen cover (506) is in a reverse spherical shape, an activated carbon absorption device (507) is arranged between the filter screen cover (506) and the sealing pipe (504),
a dust cleaning barrel (509) is communicated below the guide barrel seat (503).
CN202010489119.5A 2020-06-02 2020-06-02 Photovoltaic solar panel is with dustproof protection device Active CN111632910B (en)

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CN111632910B CN111632910B (en) 2021-05-07

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Cited By (1)

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