CN204710743U - A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204710743U
CN204710743U CN201520158819.0U CN201520158819U CN204710743U CN 204710743 U CN204710743 U CN 204710743U CN 201520158819 U CN201520158819 U CN 201520158819U CN 204710743 U CN204710743 U CN 204710743U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic panel
cleaning
motor
cleaning brush
water injector
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520158819.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白志波
吴杰
沈阳
张竹沁
惠涛
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North China Electric Power University
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North China Electric Power University
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Priority to CN201520158819.0U priority Critical patent/CN204710743U/en
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Publication of CN204710743U publication Critical patent/CN204710743U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model belongs to cleaning equipment field, particularly a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device based on rain brush principle Curve guide impeller.This device is arranged in photovoltaic panel, comprising: the motor being installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel; Laminating is installed on the cleaning brush in the front of photovoltaic panel; Connect the output of described motor and one end of cleaning brush, cleaning brush reciprocating toggle in photovoltaic panel can be driven; Water injector and the storage tank be connected with water injector.This device can according to setting, the surface focusing volt plate automatically is cleaned, on the basis of liberation manpower, decrease the energy loss in cleaning course, make photovoltaic panel keep efficient generating state for a long time, improve production capacity, achieve result and simplify, reduce installation cost, directly increase economic efficiency.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to cleaning equipment field, particularly a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device based on rain brush principle Curve guide impeller.
Background technology
In recent years along with the use of clean energy resource, solar energy photovoltaic panel is more and more applied in power field, and the photoelectric transformation efficiency of photovoltaic panel is one of problem of its development of restriction always, the dust stratification in photovoltaic panel face is the major reason reducing photoelectric transformation efficiency, a lot of example is had to illustrate, be published in people such as Xu Lei in " Tianjin cultural center photovoltaic system cell panel is clean to be studied with maintenance " literary composition of " architectural electricity " the 2nd phase in 2013 and mention: in February, 2004, when " opportunity " number Marsokhod is just brought into use, the photovoltaic panel that above it, 1.3m is long can provide the electric energy of 900Wh every day, , but in June, 2004, because the covering of superficial dust, the electric energy provided every day has dropped to 500-600Wh, at home, have field data show, Shenzhen area does not carry out the photovoltaic battery panel of clean and maintenance for 2009 for 1 year, and because superficial dust keeps the sun off, its photoelectric transformation efficiency reduces 4.13%.
Current existing photovoltaic panel cleaning device has consume electric power in various degree, complex structure, defect that cost is higher, wherein manually cleanly also can increase work danger.As 2013 are declared by Zhejiang University, notification number is CN103203330A, the technology that a kind of utility model patent that patent name is the solar cell system of automatic dust removing " a kind of can " uses is that cleaning brush is moved up and down on photovoltaic panel surface, but to be Track desigh structure comparatively complicated for its shortcoming; For another example declared by The pine Sheng Electrical Technology Co., Ltd. in December, 2011, notification number is CN103151420A, patent name is the technology that a kind of utility model patent of " a kind of photovoltaic panel dust removal device " uses, wiper system is utilized to clear up photovoltaic panel surface, but the cleaning path that the shortcoming of this method is rain brush is fan-shaped, and the photovoltaic panel for rectangle has cleaning dead band; And for example, return and wait people to be published in May, 2012 in " optimization of the solar panel is installed " literary composition in " laboratory research and exploration " in pairs, the technology utilized is high-pressure jet dedusting technology, the shortcoming of this technology be spent electric energy comparatively greatly, uneconomical.
Summary of the invention
For existing apparatus structure is more complicated at present, cost is higher and artificial clean more dangerous problem, the utility model provides a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
This device is arranged in photovoltaic panel, comprising:
Motor, is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel;
Cleaning brush laminating is installed on the front of photovoltaic panel;
Mechanical linkage, connects the output of described motor and one end of cleaning brush, for driving cleaning brush reciprocating toggle in photovoltaic panel;
Water injector, is positioned at the edge on a highest limit of the photovoltaic panel position that is in tilted layout, or is positioned at the edge on any limit of horizontally disposed photovoltaic panel;
Storage tank, is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel, is connected with water injector.
Further, described mechanical linkage comprises connector, rocking bar, connecting rod; One end and a fixed pivot of rocking bar are hinged, and one end of the other end and connecting rod is hinged, the other end of connecting rod and one end of cleaning brush hinged; Described rocking bar is arranged strip dead slot, connector is connected with the output of motor, and the strip dead slot of a place on connector and rocking bar is slidably connected.
Further, described fixed pivot is one end of fixing support.
Further, described connector is crank or disk.
Further, described motor has the output of two synchronized movement, and mechanical linkage is two covers that structure is identical; Two cover mechanical linkage are connected with two outputs of motor and the two ends of cleaning brush respectively.
Further, described water injector is two, is arranged at two end points places on a highest limit of photovoltaic panel position respectively.
Further, described water injector can rotate in the scope of 90 °.Water injector is by independently motor driving, and motor is connected with programmable logic device, can do the reciprocating rotary that the anglec of rotation is 90 °.
Further, described motor and water injector are connected with Programmable Logic Controller respectively.
Further, the material that described cleaning brush adopts is rubber.
Further, the dual-side of described photovoltaic panel arranges the chute coordinated with cleaning brush two ends.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
On the basis of liberation manpower, decrease the energy loss in cleaning course, make photovoltaic panel keep efficient generating state for a long time, improve production capacity, achieve result and simplify, reduce installation cost, directly increase economic efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of motion schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the another kind of motion schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the position view of motion of the present utility model and water jet;
Number in the figure:
1-motor; 2-connector; 3-rocking bar; 4-connecting rod; 5-cleaning brush; 6-support; 7-chute; 8-water injector.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device, is described further the utility model below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, described cleaning device is arranged in photovoltaic panel, specifically comprises with lower part:
Motor 1, is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel;
Cleaning brush 5 laminating is installed on the front of photovoltaic panel;
Mechanical linkage, connects the output of described motor 1 and one end of cleaning brush 5; Comprise connector 2, rocking bar 3, connecting rod 4; One end and a fixed pivot of rocking bar 3 are hinged, and one end of the other end and connecting rod 4 is hinged, the other end of connecting rod 4 and one end of cleaning brush 5 hinged; Described rocking bar 3 arranges strip dead slot; Connector 2 has two kinds of forms: one is disc format, and as shown in Figure 1, the center of connector 2 is now connected with the output of motor 1, and on the edge of disk, the strip dead slot of a place and rocking bar 3 is slidably connected; Two is crank form, and as shown in Figure 2, one end of connector 2 now is connected with the output of motor 1, and the strip dead slot of the other end and rocking bar 3 is slidably connected.
Water injector 8, is positioned at the edge on a highest limit of the photovoltaic panel position that is in tilted layout, or is positioned at the edge on any limit of horizontally disposed photovoltaic panel;
Storage tank, is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel, is connected with water injector 8.
In the present embodiment, fixed pivot is one end of fixing support 6, and the other end of support 6 can be rotationally connected with the output of motor 1, thus makes structure compacter.
Motor 1 has the output of two synchronized movement or adopts the motor of two synchronized movement, and mechanical linkage is two covers that structure is identical; Two cover mechanical linkage are connected with two outputs of motor 1 and the two ends of cleaning brush 5 respectively.The design of the mechanical linkage of two cover synchronized movement can make cleaning brush 5 translation more smoothly.
Photovoltaic panel is heeling condition under normal circumstances, thus water injector 8 is generally two, as shown in Figure 3, be arranged at two end points places on a highest limit of photovoltaic panel position respectively, water injector 8 can rotate in the scope of 90 °, in conjunction with the motion of cleaning brush, can cover in whole photovoltaic panel.Water spray can improve dedusting effect, and increases the laminating degree of cleaning brush.
Motor 1 and water injector 8 are connected with Programmable Logic Controller respectively.Can the control information such as water spraying time, injection flow rate of the ash disposal cycle of photovoltaic panel, ash disposal time, water injector 8 be input in programmable control unit, thus two outputs controlling two motors or motor 1 are synchronized with the movement, simultaneously, control the rotation of water injector 7 and intermittent water spray, improve cleaning performance.
The material that cleaning brush 5 adopts is rubber, at utmost can increase laminating degree and dust blowing effect.
The dual-side of photovoltaic panel arranges the chute 7 coordinated with cleaning brush 5 two ends, can ensure that cleaning brush 5 is fitted with the surface of photovoltaic panel all the time in motion process.
When reach setting need the time of ash disposal time, first Programmable Logic Controller controls water injector 8 and rotates and spray a certain amount of water to photovoltaic panel surface, then motor 1 starts, crank 2 is driven to move in a circle, drive cleaning brush 5 to move back and forth on the surface of photovoltaic panel by rocking bar 3 and connecting rod 4 again, start ash disposal.
In cleaning brush 5 motion process, Programmable Logic Controller sprays appropriate water according to setting is intermittent to photovoltaic panel surface.Until an ash disposal time terminates, no longer spray water, cleaning brush 5 closes on photovoltaic panel edge frame.

Claims (9)

1. a photovoltaic panel cleaning device, is arranged in photovoltaic panel, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Motor (1), is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel;
Cleaning brush (5) laminating is installed on the front of photovoltaic panel;
Mechanical linkage, connects the output of described motor (1) and one end of cleaning brush (5); Comprise connector (2), rocking bar (3), connecting rod (4); One end and a fixed pivot of rocking bar (3) are hinged, and one end of the other end and connecting rod (4) is hinged, the other end of connecting rod (4) and one end of cleaning brush (5) hinged; (3) arrange strip dead slot to described rocking bar, and connector (2) is connected with the output of motor (1), and the strip dead slot of a place on connector (2) and rocking bar (3) is slidably connected;
Water injector (8), is positioned at the edge on a highest limit of the photovoltaic panel position that is in tilted layout, or is positioned at the edge on any limit of horizontally disposed photovoltaic panel;
Storage tank, is installed on the back side of photovoltaic panel, is connected with water injector (8).
2. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fixed pivot is one end of fixing support (6).
3. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described connector (2) is crank or disk.
4. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described motor (1) has the output of two synchronized movement, and mechanical linkage is two covers that structure is identical; Two cover mechanical linkage are connected with two outputs of motor (1) and the two ends of cleaning brush (5) respectively.
5. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water injector (8) is two, is arranged at two end points places on a highest limit of photovoltaic panel position respectively.
6. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described water injector (8) can rotate in the scope of 90 °.
7. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1 or 6, is characterized in that, described motor (1) and water injector (8) are connected with Programmable Logic Controller respectively.
8. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material that described cleaning brush (5) adopts is rubber.
9. a kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the dual-side of described photovoltaic panel arranges the chute (7) coordinated with cleaning brush (5) two ends.
CN201520158819.0U 2015-03-20 2015-03-20 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device Expired - Fee Related CN204710743U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520158819.0U CN204710743U (en) 2015-03-20 2015-03-20 A kind of photovoltaic panel cleaning device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105433857A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 上海电力学院 Simple and automatic glass cleaning device
CN106533345A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-03-22 信阳师范学院 Lamp photovoltaic module support structure with stretching control device
CN107175223A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-19 谢剑和 Steel back cleaning device is used in a kind of brake block production
CN107317214A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-11-03 芜湖博康机电有限公司 A kind of automotive wire bundle head forging press
CN107497719A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 安徽鼎恒再制造产业技术研究院有限公司 A kind of welding wire stores cleaning device
CN107497720A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 安徽鼎恒再制造产业技术研究院有限公司 A kind of welding wire double cleaning device
CN107999429A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-05-08 蒙城县望槐信息科技有限责任公司 A kind of computer surface high effect dust cleaner
CN108043651A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-18 芜湖市夏氏世家家具有限公司 A kind of plank paints automatic painting device
CN106140661B (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-06-26 彭青秀 A kind of agricultural spades movable cleaning device
CN108325889A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-07-27 中原工学院 A kind of textile machinery licker-in cleaning device
CN108736805A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 安徽流恩纳吉能源有限公司 One kind being convenient for clean photovoltaic power generation plate
CN110995125A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-04-10 临海市恒铭机械有限公司 Mounting bracket of solar photovoltaic module
CN111043322A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-21 王朝鹤 Structure for cleaning sealing surfaces of valve core and valve seat

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105433857A (en) * 2015-12-28 2016-03-30 上海电力学院 Simple and automatic glass cleaning device
CN106140661B (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-06-26 彭青秀 A kind of agricultural spades movable cleaning device
CN106533345A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-03-22 信阳师范学院 Lamp photovoltaic module support structure with stretching control device
CN106533345B (en) * 2016-12-06 2018-08-03 信阳师范学院 Lamps and lanterns stent structure for photovoltaic module with pulling control
CN107317214A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-11-03 芜湖博康机电有限公司 A kind of automotive wire bundle head forging press
CN107175223A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-09-19 谢剑和 Steel back cleaning device is used in a kind of brake block production
CN107497720A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 安徽鼎恒再制造产业技术研究院有限公司 A kind of welding wire double cleaning device
CN107497719A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-22 安徽鼎恒再制造产业技术研究院有限公司 A kind of welding wire stores cleaning device
CN107999429A (en) * 2017-10-23 2018-05-08 蒙城县望槐信息科技有限责任公司 A kind of computer surface high effect dust cleaner
CN108043651A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-05-18 芜湖市夏氏世家家具有限公司 A kind of plank paints automatic painting device
CN108043651B (en) * 2017-12-12 2020-08-18 芜湖市夏氏世家家具有限公司 Automatic painting device for board paint
CN108325889A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-07-27 中原工学院 A kind of textile machinery licker-in cleaning device
CN108736805A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 安徽流恩纳吉能源有限公司 One kind being convenient for clean photovoltaic power generation plate
CN110995125A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-04-10 临海市恒铭机械有限公司 Mounting bracket of solar photovoltaic module
CN110995125B (en) * 2019-11-22 2021-05-04 姚俊豪 Mounting bracket of solar photovoltaic module
CN111043322A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-21 王朝鹤 Structure for cleaning sealing surfaces of valve core and valve seat

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151021

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee