CN203803866U - Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device - Google Patents

Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203803866U
CN203803866U CN201420172923.0U CN201420172923U CN203803866U CN 203803866 U CN203803866 U CN 203803866U CN 201420172923 U CN201420172923 U CN 201420172923U CN 203803866 U CN203803866 U CN 203803866U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
cleaning
solar cell
cell panel
water
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420172923.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张弛
魏泽鼎
曹雅欣
Original Assignee
河北科技大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 河北科技大学 filed Critical 河北科技大学
Priority to CN201420172923.0U priority Critical patent/CN203803866U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203803866U publication Critical patent/CN203803866U/en

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Abstract

Provided is a solar cell panel automatic cleaning device, comprising a control mechanism, and a cleaning mechanism water case. A cleaning mechanism comprises a motor and a wiping component driven by the motor; a water case is arranged on the top of a solar cell panel and is provided with an electric water drain valve; the water drain valve is in connection with a water pipe; the water pipe is in connection with a plurality of water orifices which are uniformly located on the upper part of the solar cell panel. The control mechanism comprises a one-chip microcomputer and a photoelectric sensor, wherein the photoelectric sensor is installed on the solar cell panel, and the photoelectric sensor transmits collected dust signals to the one-chip microcomputer. The one-chip microcomputer performs parameter comparison, makes decisions, and outputs control instructions, thereby realizing automatic control for start and stop of wiping motion of the cleaning mechanism, and opening and closing of the electric water drain valve. The solar cell panel automatic cleaning device has the characteristics of high efficiency of automatic control operation and cleaning, reliable performance, and convenient adjustment and is easy to implement; in addition, the solar cell panel automatic cleaning device can protect a solar cell panel from being polluted, raise photoelectricity and optothermal conversion efficiency of the solar cell panel and prolong the service life of the solar cell panel.

Description

A kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cleaning device, especially a kind of cleaning device to solar panel scrubbing dedusting automatically.
Background technology
Solar panel is current widely used a kind of generating equipment that is electric energy by light energy conversion, and present stage, street lamp, garden lamp, small-sized power supply facilities etc. were all at the increasing solar panel that uses.Be subject to the impact of self work characteristics, solar panel must be arranged on outdoor reception sunlight, will be operated in throughout the year the adverse circumstances such as temperature humidity variation, dust storm, sleet, dustiness.The surperficial dust of solar panel gradually thickening can have a strong impact on the absorptivity to sunlight, and generated energy also can reduce gradually simultaneously, therefore, needs regularly to solar panel dedusting.At present, be arranged on the solar panel of short position, as solar lawn lamp, solar energy floor-lamp etc., can be regularly by artificial dedusting, but be arranged on the solar panel in high vacancy, as solar street light, roof solar electric supply installation, dedusting is very inconvenient, therefore, it is the conversion efficiency that effectively improves photovoltaic/thermal that automatic dust removing apparatus is installed on solar panel, the important means that extends its service life.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of cleaning effect is good, dependable performance, structure are easy to the solar panel automatic cleaning device of realizing.
Problem described in the utility model realizes with following technical proposals:
A kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device, special feature is: it comprises solar panel, controlling organization, cleaning mechanism, installing mechanism and water tank, described cleaning mechanism comprises motor and by motor-driven Wipe assembly; Described water tank is arranged on the top of solar panel, and water outlet of water tank is provided with electronic discharging valve, electronic discharging valve connecting water pipe, and water pipe connects several water jets, and water jet is distributed on solar panel top; Described controlling organization comprises single-chip microcomputer, photoelectric sensor, photoelectric sensor is arranged on solar panel, the dust accumulation signal of collection is transferred to single-chip microcomputer by photoelectric sensor, single-chip microcomputer is through parameter comparison, judge, output control instruction, realizes the automatic control that startup stops and electronic discharging valve opens and closes to cleaning mechanism wiping action.
Above-mentioned solar panel automatic cleaning device, described cleaning mechanism is provided with upper rail, lower guideway, on, lower guideway is separately fixed at the upper of solar panel, lower end, described Wipe assembly comprises drive link, contiguous block, slide block and the brush holder support that brush bar is housed, described drive link one end and motor output end are in transmission connection, the drive link other end is sleeved on the small end place, top of contiguous block, be rotationally connected with the small end of contiguous block, the large end in contiguous block bottom is provided with groove, the two side of groove is provided with guide groove, described slide block both sides are provided with lug, slide block is positioned at groove, lug is positioned at guide groove, slide block and groove are slidably matched, between slide block and groove, be provided with spring, described brush holder support is slidably matched through slide block and slide block, described brush holder support two ends are slidably matched with upper/lower guide respectively.
Above-mentioned solar panel automatic cleaning device, described controlling organization is also provided with left proximity transducer, right feeler, and left and right feeler is separately positioned on upper rail two ends.
Above-mentioned solar panel automatic cleaning device, described installing mechanism comprises upper holder, upper lock ring, lower fixed frame, lower lock ring, affixed solar panel upper end, fixed frame top, upper holder bottom is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with upper lock ring, affixed solar panel lower end, described lower fixed frame one end, the lower fixed frame other end is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with lower lock ring, and described upper lock ring, lower lock ring are fixedly connected with solar street light support column.
Above-mentioned solar panel automatic cleaning device, described upper rail, lower guideway are provided with stopper slot, and described brush holder support two ends are provided with limiting stand, and limiting stand is arranged in stopper slot.
Above-mentioned solar panel automatic cleaning device, described water tank upper is provided with water inlet, and water inlet is provided with water inlet plug screw.
The utility model has designed a kind of solar panel automatic cleaning device for solving solar panel dust removal problem.Described device comprises controlling organization, cleaning mechanism, clamp mechanism and water tank, controlling organization transfers to single-chip microcomputer by a series of sensor by various signals, then by the comparison of parameter, judges, output control instruction, realizes and automatically controls the startup of cleaning mechanism and stop.In cleaning course, by the switching of the electronic discharging valve of controlling organization control water tank and the wiping action of cleaning mechanism.Cleaning mechanism is provided with spring, make brush holder support be subject to all the time the effect of pressing force of the spring, compressing brush bar is pressed close to the surface of solar panel, even when brush bar is because long-term use produces after wearing and tearing, the pressure of spring still can ensure that brushing bar presses close to the surface of solar panel, thereby has ensured cleaning effect.The utlity model has that automatic control operation, cleaning efficiency are high, dependable performance, easy to adjust, structure be easy to the features such as realization; can accomplish snow removing in winter; defrosting in autumn; four seasons dedusting; protection solar panel is not contaminated; effectively improve photoelectricity, the photo-thermal conversion efficiency of solar panel, extend the service life of solar panel.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is Wipe assembly structural representation;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of contiguous block;
Fig. 5 is the left view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is that guide rail coordinates schematic diagram with brush holder support.
In figure, each list of reference numerals is: 1, upper rail, right proximity transducer, 3, brush holder support, 4, contiguous block, 4-1, groove, 4-2, guide groove, 5, slide block, 5-1, lug, 6, drive link, 7, solar panel, 8, lower guideway, 9, motor, 10, water inlet plug screw, 11, water tank, 12, electronic discharging valve, 13, water pipe, 14, left proximity transducer, 15, water jet, 16, photoelectric sensor, 17, solar street light support column, 18, lower fixed frame, 19, lower lock ring, 20, upper lock ring, 21, upper holder, 22, split pin, 23, brush bar, 24, spring.
Detailed description of the invention
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, it comprises solar panel 7, controlling organization, cleaning mechanism, installing mechanism and water tank 11 the utility model.Cleaning mechanism is in order to carry out wiped clean to solar panel, cleaning structure comprises and is separately fixed at the upper rail 1, lower guideway 8, motor 9 of solar panel upper and lower end and by motor-driven Wipe assembly, motor uses the power supply of solar panel self as power supply.Described water tank 11 is arranged on the top of solar panel 7, and water outlet of water tank is provided with electronic discharging valve 12, electronic discharging valve connecting water pipe 13, and water pipe connects several water jets 15, and water jet is distributed on solar panel top.In the time of cleaning mechanism wiping solar panel, electronic discharging valve is opened, and current are sprayed on solar panel through water jet, in order to ensure cleaning efficiency, can in water tank, add the auxiliary cleaning of bath of glass.Water tank upper is provided with water inlet, and water inlet is provided with water inlet plug screw 10, opens water inlet plug screw and can in water tank, add water or bath of glass.The startup of cleaning mechanism wiping action stops and the switching of electronic discharging valve is completed by controlling organization control.Controlling organization comprises single-chip microcomputer (not shown), photoelectric sensor 16, left proximity transducer 14, right proximity transducer 2.Photoelectric sensor is arranged on solar panel, by photoelectric sensor, glass surface dust accumulation degree is detected, if detecting, sensor when dust accumulation reaches threshold value, sends signal, compare identification by single-chip microcomputer, judge, output action control instruction, realizes cleaning mechanism wiping action is started and the unlatching of electronic discharging valve, and cleaning mechanism carries out wiping to solar panel; Reach desired value when photoelectric sensor detects dust Chengdu, output action stops control instruction, and cleaning mechanism quits work, and electronic discharging valve cuts out.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3-5, described Wipe assembly comprises drive link 6, contiguous block 4, slide block 5 and the brush holder support 3 of brush bar 23 is housed.One end and the motor output end of drive link are in transmission connection, electric machine rotation drives drive link to swing, the other end of drive link 6 is sleeved on the small end place, top of contiguous block, split pin 22 is spacing by drive link through the small end of contiguous block, small end and the drive link formation of contiguous block are rotationally connected, the large end of contiguous block bottom is provided with groove 4-1, the two side of groove is provided with guide groove 4-2, the both sides of slide block 5 are provided with lug 5-1, slide block is positioned at groove, lug is positioned at guide groove, slide block and groove are slidably matched, between slide block and groove, be provided with spring, described brush holder support is through slide block, slide block relatively brush holder support slides, described brush holder support two ends are slidably matched with upper/lower guide respectively.The said structure of Wipe assembly, makes brush holder support be subject to all the time the thrust effect of spring, and compressing brush bar is pressed close to the surface of solar panel, like this, produce after wearing and tearing when brush bar uses for a long time, the pressure of spring still can ensure to brush bar presses close to the surface of solar panel, thereby ensures cleaning effect.
Referring to Fig. 1, when brush holder support 3 starts to swing wiping solar panel, controlling organization arranges first forward of motor, brush holder support moves from left to right, and when brush holder support moves to right proximity transducer 2, right proximity transducer sends signal prompt Single-chip Controlling motor 9 and reverses, brush holder support is to left movement, while approaching left proximity transducer 14, left proximity transducer sends signal prompt Single-chip Controlling motor 9 forward again, back and forth scrubs thereby realize.
Still, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, described installing mechanism comprises upper holder 21, upper lock ring 20, lower fixed frame 18, lower lock ring 19.Upper holder top is fixed on solar panel upper end through screw, and upper holder bottom is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with upper lock ring, adjusts so that install; Lower fixed frame one end is fixed on solar panel lower end through screw, and the lower fixed frame other end is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with lower lock ring, adjusts so that install.The nut of tightening on lock ring can be fixedly connected with upper lock ring, lower lock ring with solar street light support column 17.
Referring to Fig. 6, upper and lower guide rail adopts high-strength aluminum alloy to make, good rigidity, and lightweight, the life-span is long, and precision stability is good.Upper rail 1, lower guideway 8 are equipped with stopper slot, and the two ends of brush holder support 3 are provided with limiting stand, and limiting stand is arranged in stopper slot.By stopper slot, limiting stand is played to guiding and position-limiting action.

Claims (6)

1. a solar panel automatic cleaning device, is characterized in that: it comprises solar panel (7), controlling organization, cleaning mechanism, installing mechanism and water tank (11), and described cleaning mechanism comprises motor (9) and by motor-driven Wipe assembly; Described water tank is arranged on the top of solar panel (7), and water outlet of water tank is provided with electronic discharging valve (12), electronic discharging valve connecting water pipe (13), and water pipe connects several water jets (15), and water jet is distributed on solar panel top; Described controlling organization comprises single-chip microcomputer, photoelectric sensor (16), photoelectric sensor is arranged on solar panel, the dust accumulation signal of collection is transferred to single-chip microcomputer by photoelectric sensor, single-chip microcomputer is through parameter comparison, judge, output control instruction, realizes the automatic control that startup stops and electronic discharging valve opens and closes to cleaning mechanism wiping action.
2. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cleaning mechanism is provided with upper rail (1), lower guideway (8), on, lower guideway is separately fixed at the upper of solar panel, lower end, described Wipe assembly comprises drive link (6), contiguous block (4), slide block (5) and be equipped with brush bar (23) brush holder support (3), described drive link one end and motor output end are in transmission connection, the drive link other end is sleeved on the small end place, top of contiguous block, be rotationally connected with the small end of contiguous block, the large end in contiguous block bottom is provided with groove (4-1), the two side of groove is provided with guide groove (4-2), described slide block both sides are provided with lug (5-1), slide block is positioned at groove, lug is positioned at guide groove, slide block and groove are slidably matched, between slide block and groove, be provided with spring (24), described brush holder support is slidably matched through slide block and slide block, described brush holder support two ends are slidably matched with upper/lower guide respectively.
3. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described controlling organization is also provided with left proximity transducer (14), right feeler (2), and left and right feeler is separately positioned on upper rail two ends.
4. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described installing mechanism comprises upper holder (21), upper lock ring (20), lower fixed frame (18), lower lock ring (19), affixed solar panel upper end, fixed frame top, upper holder bottom is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with upper lock ring, affixed solar panel lower end, described lower fixed frame one end, the lower fixed frame other end is that position-adjustable bolt is connected with lower lock ring, and described upper lock ring, lower lock ring are fixedly connected with solar street light support column (17).
5. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described upper rail (1), lower guideway (8) are provided with stopper slot, and described brush holder support (3) two ends are provided with limiting stand, and limiting stand is arranged in stopper slot.
6. solar panel automatic cleaning device according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described water tank upper is provided with water inlet, and water inlet is provided with water inlet plug screw (10).
CN201420172923.0U 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device CN203803866U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420172923.0U CN203803866U (en) 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420172923.0U CN203803866U (en) 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Solar cell panel automatic cleaning device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203803866U true CN203803866U (en) 2014-09-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104624560A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic array self-cleaning system
CN106961246A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-07-18 深圳市奈士迪技术研发有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic power generation equipment with automatic cleaning function
CN106998187A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-08-01 淄博萃智工业设计咨询有限公司 One kind brush, wiping dual-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method
CN107631243A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-26 西藏世峰高科能源技术有限公司 Solar Street Lighting System Anti-ice-and-snow control method
CN109167560A (en) * 2018-09-08 2019-01-08 芜湖市高科电子有限公司 A kind of intelligent building being conveniently adjusted lighting angle photovoltaic panel Baoding equipment
CN110779287A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-11 苏师大半导体材料与设备研究院(邳州)有限公司 Method for rapidly drying photovoltaic panel

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104624560A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 国家电网公司 Photovoltaic array self-cleaning system
CN106998187A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-08-01 淄博萃智工业设计咨询有限公司 One kind brush, wiping dual-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method
CN106998187B (en) * 2016-11-11 2019-01-15 徐州日托光伏科技有限公司 It is a kind of to brush, wipe dual-purpose type photovoltaic power generation plate cleaning device and its application method
CN106961246A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-07-18 深圳市奈士迪技术研发有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic power generation equipment with automatic cleaning function
CN107631243A (en) * 2017-09-27 2018-01-26 西藏世峰高科能源技术有限公司 Solar Street Lighting System Anti-ice-and-snow control method
CN109167560A (en) * 2018-09-08 2019-01-08 芜湖市高科电子有限公司 A kind of intelligent building being conveniently adjusted lighting angle photovoltaic panel Baoding equipment
CN110779287A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-11 苏师大半导体材料与设备研究院(邳州)有限公司 Method for rapidly drying photovoltaic panel

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20140903

Termination date: 20160411