CN202336437U - Fruit grading and conveying production line - Google Patents

Fruit grading and conveying production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202336437U
CN202336437U CN2011204396461U CN201120439646U CN202336437U CN 202336437 U CN202336437 U CN 202336437U CN 2011204396461 U CN2011204396461 U CN 2011204396461U CN 201120439646 U CN201120439646 U CN 201120439646U CN 202336437 U CN202336437 U CN 202336437U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
production line
electromagnet
conveying
fork
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011204396461U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶道祥
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SHENZHEN DINGWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN DINGWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011204396461U priority Critical patent/CN202336437U/en
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Publication of CN202336437U publication Critical patent/CN202336437U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a fruit grading and conveying production line, mainly composed of a conveying mechanism (1), an image detection mechanism (2), a grading actuating mechanism (3), a rack (4) and a control host. The fruit grading and conveying production line is characterized in that the conveying mechanism (1) is installed at the front end of the rack (4), the image detection mechanism (2) is installed at the middle part of the rack (4), the grading actuating mechanism (3) is installed at the rear end of the rack (4), the control host is installed in a control room of a workshop and used for controlling the operation of all mechanisms, and thus the fruit grading and conveying production line is formed. The fruit grading and conveying production line has the advantages of simple structure, high degree of automation, low general cost, and advanced production process; the secondary damage to the fruits to be detected can be avoided, the fruits to be detected are separated one by one by using an equal spacing separation device, so that a photoelectrical detection system can conveniently process fruits to be detected on the aspects of color, size and grade, bad fruits are removed out of the production line, and good fruits fall into outlets of corresponding grades according to difference grade settings.

Description

Production line is carried in a kind of fruit grade sorting
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of fruit and carries production line; Especially a kind ofly make fruit to be detected separate single fruit to handle the color of fruit to be detected, size, fine or not project to make things convenient for photodetector system through separator uniformly-spaced; To go bad fruit and reject from production line, good fruit is carried production line according to the fruit grade sorting that the different grade setting falls to the corresponding grades outlet.
Background technology
The modernization sorting technology comprise reach the standard grade, clean, wax, multinomial continuous productive process programs such as drying, sorting, vanning; Wherein sorting be core be again that development in recent years is the fastest, state-of-the-art technology is used maximum parts; Traditional mechanical, electronic type sorting flow process were carried out the grade sorting by manual work before this; The back is accomplished big or small sorting respectively automatically by several identical mechanical electronic equipments, and assorting room is semi-automatic, and automaticity is not high.
In order to realize fruit mechanical automation sorting, China developed relevant machinery in the seventies, mainly was at that time to adopt sieve aperture formula grading principle, and the result is owing to the fruit damage is seriously stopped using.Subsequently, China has introduced the mechanical Weighing type screening installation of part from states such as Japan, Australia in following period of time respectively by government investment; Be used for the emphasis export base, carry out sorting by weight, though fruit damage rate is low; But error is bigger, and device structure is too complicated, and maintenance cost is high; For this reason, at the mid-80, China relevant department begins to carry out the research of roller, band gap formula sorted fruits mode; And passed through first model machine in 1987 and identified that this equipment receives user's welcome, still occupy the bigger market share at present.Mainly contain the relevant enterprise of Ganzhou at present, the part enterprise in the relevant enterprise in Shandong and Hubei, but the production technology level is low, and ageing equipment is serious, and equipment technological transformation difficulty is big.
In recent years; Development along with computer vision technique; In the middle and later periods nineties; All carried out computer vision technique both at home and abroad and detected the application study of choosing with branch in the fruit outward appearance, some wherein external enterprises such as France step husband Maf-Roda, Spain Fo Meisa FOMESA, Italian Unitic Unitec, Italian Sammo, Dutch Ai Weita AWETA, the auspicious Greefa of cutting down of Dutch lattice etc. and have obtained than ten-strike, and product is found a good sale in the whole world.The some of them production line was bought in a China some areas once flower huge sum of money, but only limited to the enterprise that some have big strength, and cost is high; China overwhelming majority enterprise still adopts domestic old-fashioned or external more early stage machine, production technology level, serious agings such as capacity of equipment; The deep processing standard of fruit is difficult to reach international standards; Seriously restricted the development and the outlet of China's fruit industry, it is high to be badly in need of a kind of automaticity, and integrated cost is low; Production technology is advanced, and fruit to be detected is difficult for the high request that sorted fruits production line that secondary damages satisfies people.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is a kind of addressing the above problem of development; Simple in structure; Automaticity is high, and integrated cost is low, and production technology is advanced; Fruit to be detected is difficult for secondary to be damaged; Make fruit to be detected separate single fruit through separator uniformly-spaced and handle the color of fruit to be detected, size, fine or not project to make things convenient for photodetector system, will go bad fruit and reject from production line, good fruit falls to the fruit grade sorting conveying production line of corresponding grades outlet according to the different grade setting.
The utility model is realized through following technical scheme:
The utility model mainly is made up of conveying mechanism, image detection mechanism, classification executing agency, frame and main control system, it is characterized in that conveying mechanism is arranged on the front end of frame, and image detection mechanism is arranged on the middle part of frame, and classification executing agency is arranged on the rear end of frame; Main control system is arranged in the control room of workshop, controls the running of each mechanism, forms the sorting of fruit grade jointly and carries production line, wherein; Conveying mechanism mainly comprises inlet bristle brush wheel, conveyer belt, climbing cone wheels, spin friction sprocket wheel and drive motors, and the spin friction sprocket wheel is arranged on climbing cone wheels two ends, and adjacent climbing cone wheels uniformly-spaced form the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid, and adjacent all the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid form uniformly-spaced conveyer belt; Drive motors drives uniformly-spaced conveyer belt rotation, and the spin friction sprocket wheel drives the climbing cone wheels and rotates, and conveying mechanism is accomplished the transmission to the fruit to be detected after the surface treatment, and conveyer belt is delivered to the inlet bristle brush wheel to fruit in heaps; Get into the climbing cone wheels between fruit to be detected etc., align fruit to be detected is equally spaced one by one, the fruit to be detected that does not allow more than 1 gets in the cone pulley groove of adjacent climbing cone wheels, for the image detection mechanism of back gets ready; Make fruit one by one successively through making things convenient for the detection of image detection mechanism, image detection mechanism mainly comprises detection case, detects main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp, detects main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp and is arranged in the detection case, and detection case is arranged on central rack; The LED lamp adopts 24 volts 15 watts, and colorful CCD camera is taken fruit surface image information to be detected, triggers imaging by optical fiber, each fruit imaging to be detected three times; Can comprehensive covering to fruit all surfaces to be detected, once can handle four fruit to be detected, per two LED lamps are facing to fruit to be detected road of irradiation, colorful CCD camera continuous monitoring fruit surface image; Detect main control chip control whole fruit road is detected simultaneously, do not carry out any action when having fruit to be detected, when volume parameter that detects fruit to be detected or dimensional parameters, through comparing with parameter of user; Confirm the grade of fruit to be detected, calculate the position of this fruits to be detected simultaneously and instruct to classification executing agency the completion classification of classification executing agency, the grade road junction of this fruits to be detected to appointment through the serial ports conveying; Classification executing agency mainly comprises programmable logic controller (PLC), tip tilt device, road junction, whereabouts and fruit conveyer belt, and programmable logic controller (PLC) is arranged in the main control system, and the tip tilt device is arranged under the fruit conveyer belt, and road junction, whereabouts correspondence is arranged under the tip tilt device; External fruit collecting box, tip tilt device comprise electromagnet group, electromagnet pull bar, fork, support plate and fixed mount, and electromagnet pull bar one end is arranged on the electromagnet group; The other end forms hinge with the fork bottom and is connected, and the fork lower end is connected with the fixed mount hinge, and the fork upper end is connected with support plate one side hinge; Support plate one end hinge is connected on the fixed mount, and during the electromagnet group no power, the electromagnet pull bar keeps normality; Support plate is in the horizontal state, and during the electromagnet group energising, the electromagnet pull bar stretches out the promotion fork; The drop-down support plate of fork, support plate one end tilts, and main control system sends rejects instruction to behind the programmable logic controller (PLC); Programmable logic controller (PLC) is accomplished from host computer according to the program of programmable logic controller (PLC) and is instructed to the conversion of carrying out signal, and concrete execution signal controlling tip tilt device is when fruit to be detected arrives assigned address; The electromagnet action drives the tip tilt device action, and fruit promptly falls to corresponding road junction, whereabouts and accomplishes the grade sorting, reaches purpose of design.
The utlity model has advantage:
1, via the enforcement of the utility model, modern computer image processing formula has replaced artificial separation, and automatic sorting when can carry out grade with size has in no particular order improved operating efficiency greatly.
2, via the enforcement of the utility model, simple in structure, automaticity is high, and integrated cost is low, and production technology is advanced, fruit to be detected is difficult for secondary damages.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further specified, but not as the restriction to the utility model.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
The status architecture sketch map of tip tilt device when Fig. 2 is the electromagnet group no power of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the status architecture sketch map of electromagnet group when energising tip tilt device of the utility model.
Among the figure, 1 conveying mechanism, 11 inlet bristle brush wheels, 12 climbing cone wheels, 2 image detection mechanisms, 21 detection cases, 3 classification executing agencies, 31 tip tilt devices, road junction, 32 whereabouts, 33 fruit conveyer belts, 34 electromagnet group, 35 electromagnet pull bars, 36 forks, 37 support plate, 38 fixed mounts, frame 4
The specific embodiment
The utility model shown in Fig. 1 mainly is made up of conveying mechanism 1, image detection mechanism 2, classification executing agency 3, frame 4 and main control system, it is characterized in that conveying mechanism 1 is arranged on the front end of frame 4, and image detection mechanism 2 is arranged on the middle part of frame 4; Classification executing agency 3 is arranged on the rear end of frame 4, and main control system is arranged in the control room of workshop, controls the running of each mechanism; The common fruit grade sorting conveying production line that forms, wherein, conveying mechanism 1 mainly comprises inlet bristle brush wheel 11, conveyer belt, climbing cone wheels 12, spin friction sprocket wheel and drive motors; The spin friction sprocket wheel is arranged on climbing cone wheels 12 2 ends, and adjacent climbing cone wheels 12 uniformly-spaced form the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid, and adjacent all the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid form uniformly-spaced conveyer belt; Drive motors drives uniformly-spaced conveyer belt rotation, and the spin friction sprocket wheel drives climbing cone wheels 12 and rotates, and image detection mechanism 2 mainly comprises detection case 21, detects main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp; Detect main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp and be arranged in the detection case 21, detection case 21 is arranged on frame 4 middle parts, and the LED lamp adopts 24 volts 15 watts; Classification executing agency 3 mainly comprises programmable logic controller (PLC), tip tilt device 31, road junction, whereabouts 32 and fruit conveyer belt 33, and programmable logic controller (PLC) is arranged in the main control system, and tip tilt device 31 is arranged on the fruit conveyer belt 33 times; Road junction, whereabouts 32 correspondences are arranged on the tip tilt device 31 times, and external fruit collecting box, tip tilt device 31 comprise electromagnet group 34, electromagnet pull bar 35, fork 36, support plate 37 and fixed mount 38; Electromagnet pull bar 35 1 ends are arranged on the electromagnet group 34, and the other end forms hinge with fork 36 bottoms and is connected, and fork 36 lower ends are connected with fixed mount 38 hinges; Fork 36 upper ends are connected with support plate 37 1 side hinges, and support plate 37 1 end hinges are connected on the fixed mount 38, during electromagnet group 34 no powers; Electromagnet pull bar 35 keeps normality; Support plate 37 is in the horizontal state, and during electromagnet group 34 energisings, electromagnet pull bar 35 stretches out and promotes fork 36; Fork 36 drop-down support plate 37; Support plate 37 1 ends tilt, and fruits reaches purpose of design.
The utility model, simple in structure, automaticity is high; Integrated cost is low, and production technology is advanced, fruit to be detected is difficult for secondary damages; Make fruit to be detected separate single fruit and handle the color of fruit to be detected, size, fine or not project to make things convenient for photodetector system through separator uniformly-spaced; To go bad fruit and reject from production line, good fruit falls to the corresponding grades outlet according to the different grade setting, is widely used in the sorting of fruit grade and carries the production line field.

Claims (5)

1. production line is carried in a fruit grade sorting; Mainly be made up of conveying mechanism (1), image detection mechanism (2), classification executing agency (3), frame (4) and main control system, it is characterized in that conveying mechanism (1) is arranged on the front end of frame (4), image detection mechanism (2) is arranged on the middle part of frame (4); Classification executing agency (3) is arranged on the rear end of frame (4); Main control system is arranged in the control room of workshop, controls the running of each mechanism, forms the sorting of fruit grade jointly and carries production line.
2. production line is carried in a kind of fruit grade sorting according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said conveying mechanism (1) mainly comprises inlet bristle brush wheel (11), conveyer belt, climbing cone wheels (12), spin friction sprocket wheel and drive motors; The spin friction sprocket wheel is arranged on climbing cone wheels (12) two ends; Adjacent climbing cone wheels (12) uniformly-spaced form the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid; Adjacent all the uniformly-spaced sub-roller of bipyramid form uniformly-spaced conveyer belt, and drive motors drives uniformly-spaced conveyer belt rotation, and the spin friction sprocket wheel drives climbing cone wheels (12) and rotates.
3. production line is carried in a kind of fruit grade sorting according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said image detection mechanism (2) mainly comprises detection case (21), detects main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp; Detecting main control chip, colorful CCD camera and LED lamp is arranged in the detection case (21); Detection case (21) is arranged on frame (4) middle part, and the LED lamp adopts 24 volts 15 watts.
4. production line is carried in a kind of fruit grade sorting according to claim 1; It is characterized in that said classification executing agency (3) mainly comprises programmable logic controller (PLC), tip tilt device (31), road junction, whereabouts (32) and fruit conveyer belt (33); Programmable logic controller (PLC) is arranged in the main control system; Tip tilt device (31) is arranged under the fruit conveyer belt (33), and road junction, whereabouts (32) correspondence is arranged under the tip tilt device (31), external fruit collecting box.
5. production line is carried in a kind of fruit grade sorting according to claim 4, it is characterized in that said tip tilt device (31) comprises electromagnet group (34), electromagnet pull bar (35), fork (36), support plate (37) and fixed mount (38), and electromagnet pull bar (35) one ends are arranged on the electromagnet group (34); The other end forms hinge with fork (36) bottom and is connected, and fork (36) lower end is connected with fixed mount (38) hinge, and fork (36) upper end is connected with support plate (37) one side hinges; Support plate (37) one end hinges are connected on the fixed mount (38); During electromagnet group (34) no power, electromagnet pull bar (35) keeps normality, and support plate (37) is in the horizontal state; During electromagnet group (34) energising; Electromagnet pull bar (35) stretches out and promotes fork (36), the drop-down support plate of fork (36) (37), and support plate (37) one ends tilt.
CN2011204396461U 2011-11-08 2011-11-08 Fruit grading and conveying production line Expired - Fee Related CN202336437U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204396461U CN202336437U (en) 2011-11-08 2011-11-08 Fruit grading and conveying production line

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204396461U CN202336437U (en) 2011-11-08 2011-11-08 Fruit grading and conveying production line

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202336437U true CN202336437U (en) 2012-07-18

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Country Link
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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102974553A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 张朋朋 Cylinder supporting type winter jujube sorting equipment
CN102974544A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 王传慧 Fluttering winter jujube sorter with inclined discharge pipe
CN102974552A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-03-20 东北农业大学 Automatic arraying and intelligent sorting equipment for factory raising of grain seeds
CN103212544A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-07-24 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 Photoelectric fructus jujubae grading production line
CN103240226A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 株洲广博自动化设备有限公司 Raw areca nut screening line
CN103949409A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 三峡大学 Automatic fruit sorting system
CN106179968A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-12-07 龙江汇 Apple grading sorting equipment
CN106238345A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-21 福建农林大学 One kind spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant and control method thereof
CN106345700B (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-07-10 华中农业大学 Quality Parameters in Orange conveys online and size fractionation equipment
CN109507959A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-03-22 龙口盛福达食品有限公司 A kind of intelligent control method of apple grading transport production line
CN109772730A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 中国农业大学 A kind of ellipse or round fruits and vegetables detection and classification mechanism
CN109834056A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-06-04 平度市林焱精密机械厂 A kind of full-automatic fruit method for sorting
CN109848066A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 南京林业大学 Green plum sorting unit and method

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102974552B (en) * 2012-12-17 2014-11-26 东北农业大学 Automatic arraying and intelligent sorting equipment for factory raising of grain seeds
CN102974552A (en) * 2012-12-17 2013-03-20 东北农业大学 Automatic arraying and intelligent sorting equipment for factory raising of grain seeds
CN102974544A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 王传慧 Fluttering winter jujube sorter with inclined discharge pipe
CN102974544B (en) * 2012-12-19 2015-07-08 济南职业学院 Fluttering winter jujube sorter with inclined discharge pipe
CN102974553A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-03-20 张朋朋 Cylinder supporting type winter jujube sorting equipment
CN103212544B (en) * 2013-04-15 2014-07-23 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 Photoelectric fructus jujubae grading production line
CN103212544A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-07-24 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 Photoelectric fructus jujubae grading production line
CN103240226A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-14 株洲广博自动化设备有限公司 Raw areca nut screening line
CN103949409A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 三峡大学 Automatic fruit sorting system
CN106179968A (en) * 2016-07-13 2016-12-07 龙江汇 Apple grading sorting equipment
CN106238345A (en) * 2016-09-21 2016-12-21 福建农林大学 One kind spherical agricultural product conveying grading plant and control method thereof
CN106345700B (en) * 2016-10-25 2018-07-10 华中农业大学 Quality Parameters in Orange conveys online and size fractionation equipment
CN109507959A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-03-22 龙口盛福达食品有限公司 A kind of intelligent control method of apple grading transport production line
CN109848066A (en) * 2019-02-28 2019-06-07 南京林业大学 Green plum sorting unit and method
CN109772730A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-05-21 中国农业大学 A kind of ellipse or round fruits and vegetables detection and classification mechanism
CN109834056A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-06-04 平度市林焱精密机械厂 A kind of full-automatic fruit method for sorting
CN109834056B (en) * 2019-03-22 2020-10-23 平度市林焱精密机械厂 Full-automatic fruit sorting method

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Granted publication date: 20120718

Termination date: 20161108