CN106622993A - Fruit turning mechanism and fruit classifying device thereof - Google Patents

Fruit turning mechanism and fruit classifying device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106622993A
CN106622993A CN201710107987.0A CN201710107987A CN106622993A CN 106622993 A CN106622993 A CN 106622993A CN 201710107987 A CN201710107987 A CN 201710107987A CN 106622993 A CN106622993 A CN 106622993A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
rotor
pan feeding
bar shaped
hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710107987.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许洪斌
周西福
马冀桐
封凯迪
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Chongqing University of Technology
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing University of Technology filed Critical Chongqing University of Technology
Priority to CN201710107987.0A priority Critical patent/CN106622993A/en
Publication of CN106622993A publication Critical patent/CN106622993A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/10Sorting according to size measured by light-responsive means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • B07C5/3422Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour using video scanning devices, e.g. TV-cameras
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C2501/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material to be sorted
    • B07C2501/009Sorting of fruit

Abstract

The invention discloses a fruit turning mechanism and a fruit classifying device thereof. The fruit turning mechanism comprises a power device and a horizontal rotor, wherein rotor support frames which are used for supporting the rotor and are in rotation fit with the rotor are arranged at the two ends of the rotor in the axial direction, a plurality of fruit holes which can accommodate single fruits are formed in a rotor body of the rotor at intervals in the peripheral direction, and at least one roller shaft in friction with one fruit is arranged in each fruit hole; when each roller shaft rotates, the roller shaft can drive the fruit in the corresponding fruit hole to turn; the power device comprises a rotor driving device and a roller shaft driving device, the rotor driving device is in transmission connection with the rotor through a transmission system I, and the roller shaft driving device is in transmission connection with the roller shaft through a transmission system II. The fruit turning mechanism is simple in structure and convenient to use, and has the advantages of achieving the purpose of turning the fruits automatically, achieving automatic treatment from fruit feeding, detection to final subpackaging, reducing the manpower cost, and reducing the labor intensity of workers.

Description

A kind of fruit switching mechanism and its fruit sorter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fruit grading packaging device, and in particular to a kind of fruit switching mechanism and its fruit grading are filled Put.
Background technology
In recent years, with China's rural reform of the economic structure deeply and market economy development, fruits output is big year by year Amplitude increases, and fruit industry occupies critical role in national economy.According to national statistics office data:China's fruit is total within 2014 Increase of production increases by 4.2% to 26142.24 ten thousand tons compared with same period last year;Apple total output is 4092.32 ten thousand tons, and yield increases on year-on-year basis Long 3.1%, account for the 15.65% of same period country's fruit total output;Citrus total output is 3492.66 ten thousand tons, and yield increases by 5.2% on a year-on-year basis, Account for the 13.36% of same period country's fruit total output;Pears yield is 1796.44 ten thousand tons, and yield increases by 3.8% on a year-on-year basis, accounts for the same period domestic The 6.87% of fruit total output.
After fruit is taken off from fruit tree, it is necessary first to which the quality of fruit is detected, the fruit for starting to decay is filtered out It is real, and the mode of this detection is typically with the detection of artificial naked eyes, detection workman is picked up under a fruit eye observation Outside, good screening of just taking away, bad just throws away.But this mode needs detection workman, and picking up one by one is put down, no Only inefficiency, can make workman feel tired while the working strength of detection workman also very greatly, works long hours, and be susceptible to False retrieval, the situation of missing inspection.In order to solve the above problems, at present many large-scale orchards utilize appearance of the image collecting device to fruit Shot detection is carried out, during detection, needs detection workman ceaselessly to overturn to fruit, to ensure each of fruit Individual surface image is all collected by image collecting device, and such equipment can correctly identify the quality of fruit.But The workman for needing to arrange for sole duty is operated to this, human cost is increased, while also increasing the labour intensity of detection workman.
The content of the invention
For above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the technical problem to be solved is:How providing one kind can subtract Few human cost, mitigates the fruit switching mechanism of the labour intensity of workman.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, following technical scheme is present invention employs:
A kind of fruit switching mechanism, including power set and horizontally disposed rotor, rotor two ends in the axial direction are respectively provided with There is the Rotor carriage for supporting rotor and be rotatably assorted with it, turning round for rotor has been provided at circumferentially spaced multiple energy along it The fruit hole of single fruit is enough accommodated, being provided with least one along rotor axis direction in each fruit hole can be with fruit phase mutual friction Roll shaft, the two ends of roll shaft are rotatably connected on respectively on rotor, and when roll shaft is rotated, roll shaft can be driven in its place fruit hole Fruit is overturn, and power set include rotor drive and roll shaft driving means, and rotor drive passes through transmission system I It is connected with rotor, roll shaft driving means are connected by transmission system II and roll shaft.
In the present invention, in the fruit hole single fruit being sequentially placed on rotor, control rotor drive makes rotor Detecting position is turned to, roll shaft driving means are then controlled again makes roll shaft rotate in fruit hole, and roll shaft, can during rotation Mutually continue friction with fruit, be that fruit stirs offer frictional force, and then fruit overturn in the presence of frictional force.This Sample is no longer needed for special messenger to overturn fruit, reduces the expenditure of human cost, while also mitigating the work of workman Intensity.
Used as optimization, the quantity of the roll shaft is even number root and is symmetrical arranged with the center line in the fruit hole, positioned at described The upset space that can be accommodated fruit and be overturn to fruit is formed between the roll shaft of fruit centerline hole both sides.Fruit In the upset space entered into fruit hole, the roll shaft of such fruit both sides just can be acted on fruit simultaneously, from the two of fruit Side provides frictional force for the upset of fruit, and then preferably fruit can be overturn, and improves fruit upset efficiency.
Used as optimization, the roll shaft is the dolioform structure that two ends diameter is big, mid diameter is little.Apple, citrus and pears it The all spheroidal formation of the fruit of class, its surface is curved surfaces, and roll shaft is using the waist drum that two ends diameter is big, mid diameter is little Shape structure, caves inward in the middle of it, it is easier to fit with fruit, increases the friction area with fruit, there is provided bigger friction Power overturns fruit.
The invention also discloses a kind of fruit sorter, including support platform and the fruit positioned at support platform upper surface Hierarchical detection mechanism, fruit grading body-packing and fruit single fruit intake mechanism;Fruit grading testing agency includes being arranged on props up The switching mechanism of support platform upper surface and testing agency, switching mechanism is above-mentioned fruit switching mechanism, and testing agency includes being located at The rotor top and the fruit image that the fruit in fruit hole can be detected arranged with fruit hole opposite position Harvester, is provided with the mounting bracket being fixedly connected with fruit image harvester, fruit single fruit feeding dress in support platform Setting in the front of the rotor direction of rotation, the port of export of fruit single fruit feeding unit it is corresponding with the position in the fruit hole and Fruit can be fed into the fruit hole, fruit grading body-packing is located at the rear of the rotor direction of rotation, fruit point The arrival end of level body-packing is corresponding with the position in the fruit hole and the fruit dropped out from the fruit hole can be made to enter into it Inside carries out classification packing.
In the present invention, controlling rotor drive rotates rotor, makes the outlet in fruit hole and fruit single fruit intake mechanism End is corresponding, and such fruit just can be entered into fruit hole from the port of export of fruit single fruit intake mechanism;Then proceed to rotate Son, makes the fruit hole equipped with fruit rotate in the lower section of fruit image harvester, and roll shaft driving means are then controlled again makes roll shaft Rotate in fruit hole, fruit is overturn, while fruit image harvester is obtained to the image on each surface of fruit Take.After the completion of fruit surface image is obtained, rotor is rotated further by, makes the entrance in the fruit hole equipped with fruit and fruit grading body-packing End is corresponding, and fruit is dropped out during fruit hole enters into fruit grading body-packing in the case where rotor rotates the centrifugal action for providing and carried out Classification packing.So from dress fruit, recognize last packing and be all automatically performed, not need it is artificial participate in, further reduce The cost payout of manpower, improves operating efficiency.
Used as optimization, the fruit grading body-packing includes belt conveyor I, and belt conveyor I includes two Carrying roller I and the feed belt I being wound on two carrying rollers I, feed belt I is directed away from the direction of the rotor and is conveyed, institute State also to be fixedly connected with support platform and rotate the carrying roller support column I being connected with the two ends of two carrying rollers I respectively, it is described to support flat The carrying roller driving means I that arbitrary carrying roller I can be driven to rotate are additionally provided with platform, the support platform is located at feed belt I Both sides are respectively arranged with and are prevented from the fruit shading plate that fruit is rolled out from feed belt I, and on two pieces of fruit shading plates edge is relatively set with What the conveying direction of feed belt I interval opened up can make the fruit outlet that fruit passes through, positioned at the interposition of the feeding end of feed belt I Put and the top of feed belt I is provided with point fruit plate corresponding with the fruit hole site, be provided with above point fruit plate Point fruit plate can be driven to swing so that point fruit plate driving means that pass through from point fruit plate left side or right side of fruit, positioned at a point fruit The position of the rear of plate and correspondence fruit outlet is respectively arranged with leads fruit plate, leads and be provided with above fruit plate driving to lead fruit plate left It is right to swing so that fruit leads fruit plate driving means from what the fruit outlet of adjacent side was rolled out, difference is provided with the support platform With point fruit plate driving means and lead the guiding fixed support that fruit plate driving means are fixedly connected.
According to fruit image harvester before to the result obtained after fruit detection, classification vanning is carried out to fruit, made Fruit is rolled out from different fruit outlets.Divide fruit plate motor to drive point fruit plate to rotate towards side, turn point one end of fruit plate Move to the side in fruit hole horizontal direction, then fruit from fruit hole out after, just under the guiding of point fruit plate, enter into a point fruit plate one On the feed belt of side, transmitted by feed belt.Rotate corresponding fruit outlet and lead fruit plate accordingly, turn the one end for leading fruit plate Move to the rear end of fruit outlet, and make to lead conveying direction formation one inclined inclined-plane of the fruit plate with respect to feed belt, fruit exists Fruit plate will be led in the transmit process that belt is carried out to block, and is entered under the guiding on inclined-plane in corresponding fruit outlet, it is complete Into the classification of fruit.When having rotted or there is what defect such as fruits, the centre that fruit plate turns to feed belt is led, not to water Fruit is stopped that last fruit is dropped out from the port of export of feed belt.So do not only increase by manually being sorted Operating efficiency, also reduces manual working intensity.
Used as optimization, the fruit single fruit intake mechanism includes feed arrangement and the bar shaped pan feeding platform for tilting forward and back, bar The relatively low one end of shape pan feeding podium level is the port of export and corresponding with the rotor, and the width of bar shaped pan feeding platform is single water The Breadth Maximum of fruit, feed arrangement includes that feedboard is towards bar shaped respectively positioned at the feedboard of the bar shaped pan feeding platform left and right sides The one of pan feeding platform is sloped downwardly and corresponding with the side of bar shaped pan feeding platform, the upper surface of feedboard along the longitudinal direction between Every many blend stops arranged in parallel are provided with, one end of blend stop extends towards bar shaped pan feeding platform direction, adjacent two gears Be formed with the fruit roll channel that pass through can single fruit between bar, fruit roll channel towards bar shaped pan feeding platform one End is corresponding with the upper surface of bar shaped pan feeding platform, and being fixedly connected with the support platform can be carried out to bar shaped pan feeding platform The pan feeding platform frame of support and the charging plate bracing frame that feedboard is supported.
When use, fruit is respectively put on the feedboard of bar shaped pan feeding platform both sides in fruit roll channel, Fruit roll channel only can be that single fruit passes through, it is to avoid multiple fruit get lodged in the outlet of fruit roll channel.Fruit exists Can be rolled in the presence of gravity on bar shaped pan feeding platform, and the fruit on bar shaped pan feeding platform, equally under gravity To lower end(The port of export)Roll.The width of bar shaped pan feeding platform is the Breadth Maximum of single fruit, thus can only be made single Fruit is rolled on, therefore, the fruit entered on bar shaped pan feeding platform can be arranged in columns flat from bar shaped pan feeding one by one successively The port of export of platform is rolled out.Before fruit is rolled out from bar shaped pan feeding platform, in the fruit roll channel of bar shaped pan feeding platform both sides Fruit has certain obstruction, and the fruit in fruit roll channel temporarily cannot be entered into bar shaped pan feeding platform, only work as water When not having fruit on the bar shaped pan feeding platform in fruit roll channel exit, the fruit in fruit roll channel can enter into bar In shape pan feeding platform.Fruit in bar shaped pan feeding platform is rolled away successively, and the fruit in the fruit roll channel of both sides Can serially enter on bar shaped pan feeding platform, realize effective sequence of fruit, it is to avoid folded fruit phenomenon occur, and then improve work Make efficiency.
Used as optimization, the bar shaped pan feeding platform includes belt conveyor II, and belt conveyor II includes two supports Roller II and the feed belt II being wound on two carrying rollers II, two high low settings of carrying roller II, the upper surface of feed belt II is water Fruit conveyor surface and conveyed towards the rotor direction, the pan feeding platform frame is to be fixedly connected on the support platform Carrying roller support column II that is upper and being rotatably assorted with two carrying rollers II respectively, be additionally provided with the support platform can drive it is arbitrary The carrying roller driving means II that carrying roller II is rotated.It is not some fruit justified to run into some profiles very much, is received on bar shaped pan feeding platform When hindering to the fruit in the fruit roll channel of both sides, depending gravity alone cannot continue further along to roll, it may appear that the phenomenon blocked. Bar shaped pan feeding platform is set into belt conveyor, the power of a conveying is provided all the time, by the single arrangement of fruit thereon Transfer out, using effect is more preferably.
As optimization, the blend stop near one end of the bar shaped pan feeding platform towards the bar shaped pan feeding platform outlet End is obliquely installed.The fruit roll channel between two adjacent blend stops can so be made equally towards the outlet of bar shaped pan feeding platform End(Height lower end)Incline, the fruit that fruit roll channel is exported can be made to produce one along bar shaped pan feeding platform inclination direction Active force, can it is good enters on bar shaped pan feeding platform, go out if located in the fruit roll channel of bar shaped pan feeding platform both sides Mouth direction is oppositely arranged, and both sides fruit out is easy for blocking.
Used as optimization, the top of the blend stop is arc top.Either fruit is when putting into fruit roll channel Or when fruit is rolled in fruit roll channel, the arc top of blend stop can reduce the damage to fruit surface.
In sum, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:Present configuration is simple, it is easy to use can realize fruit from Dynamic upset, from the pan feeding of fruit, detects the process that last packing realizes automation, reduces human cost, alleviates The labour intensity of workman.
Description of the drawings
In order that the purpose of invention, technical scheme and advantage are clearer, the present invention is made into one below in conjunction with accompanying drawing The detailed description of step, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the three-dimensional internal structural representation of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of fruit switching mechanism in this specific embodiment, including power set and horizontally disposed turn Son 1, the two ends in the axial direction of rotor 1 are separately provided for the Rotor carriage for supporting rotor and being rotatably assorted with it, turn Turning round for son 1 is provided at circumferentially spaced multiple fruit holes 2 that can accommodate single fruit along it, along rotor 1 in each fruit hole 2 Axis direction is provided with least one and can respectively be rotatably connected on rotor 1 with the roll shaft 3 of fruit phase mutual friction, the two ends of roll shaft 3 On, when roll shaft 3 is rotated, roll shaft 3 can drive the fruit in its place fruit hole 2 to be overturn, and power set drive including rotor Dynamic device and roll shaft driving means, rotor drive is connected by transmission system I with rotor 1, and roll shaft driving means are led to Cross transmission system II to be connected with roll shaft 3.
In this specific embodiment, the quantity of the roll shaft 3 is 4 and is symmetrical arranged with the center line in the fruit hole 2, position The upset that can be accommodated fruit and be overturn to fruit is formed between the roll shaft 3 of the center line both sides of the fruit hole 2 Space.
In this specific embodiment, the roll shaft 3 is the dolioform structure that two ends diameter is big, mid diameter is little.
A kind of fruit sorter, including support platform 4 and the fruit grading detection machine positioned at the upper surface of support platform 4 Structure, fruit grading body-packing and fruit single fruit intake mechanism;Fruit grading testing agency includes being arranged on the upper table of support platform 4 The switching mechanism in face and testing agency, switching mechanism is above-mentioned fruit switching mechanism, and testing agency includes being located on the rotor 1 Side and the fruit image harvester that the fruit in fruit hole 2 can be detected arranged with the opposite position of fruit hole 2 5, the mounting bracket 6 being fixedly connected with fruit image harvester 5, fruit single fruit feeding unit position are provided with support platform 4 In the front of the direction of rotation of the rotor 1, the port of export of fruit single fruit feeding unit is corresponding with the position in the fruit hole 2 and energy Enough that fruit is fed into the fruit hole 2, fruit grading body-packing is located at the rear of the direction of rotation of the rotor 1, fruit point The arrival end of level body-packing is corresponding with the position in the fruit hole 2 and enter into can the fruit that dropped out from the fruit hole 2 Classification packing is carried out inside it.
In this specific embodiment, the fruit grading body-packing includes belt conveyor I, belt conveyor I Including two carrying rollers I and the feed belt I 7 being wound on two carrying rollers I, feed belt I 7 is directed away from the direction of the rotor 1 Conveyed, be also fixedly connected with the support platform 4 and rotate the carrying roller support column being connected with the two ends of two carrying rollers I respectively I, the carrying roller driving means I that arbitrary carrying roller I can be driven to rotate, the support platform 4 are additionally provided with the support platform 4 It is respectively arranged with the both sides of feed belt I 7 and is prevented from the fruit shading plate 8 that fruit is rolled out from feed belt I 7, two pieces of gear fruits It is relatively set with plate 8 and can make the fruit outlet 9 that fruit passes through along what the conveying direction of feed belt I 7 interval opened up, positioned at transmission The centre position of the feeding end of belt I 7 and the top of feed belt I 7 is provided with corresponding with the position of fruit hole 2 point of fruit Plate 10, the top of point fruit plate 10 is provided with driving a point fruit plate 10 to swing so that fruit is from the left side of point fruit plate 10 or right side Point fruit plate driving means 11 for passing through, are respectively arranged with positioned at the position at the rear and correspondence fruit outlet 9 of dividing fruit plate 10 and lead fruit plate 12, the top for leading fruit plate 12 is provided with driving and leads fruit plate 12 and swing so that fruit is rolled from the fruit outlet 9 of adjacent side What is gone out leads fruit plate driving means 13, is provided with the support platform 4 and drives with dividing fruit plate driving means 11 and leading fruit plate respectively The guiding fixed support 14 that device 13 is fixedly connected.
In this specific embodiment, the fruit single fruit intake mechanism includes feed arrangement and the bar shaped pan feeding for tilting forward and back Platform, relatively low one end of bar shaped pan feeding podium level is the port of export and, the width of bar shaped pan feeding platform corresponding with the rotor 1 For the Breadth Maximum of single fruit, feed arrangement is including respectively positioned at the feedboard 15 of the bar shaped pan feeding platform left and right sides, charging Plate 15 is sloped downwardly and corresponding with the side of bar shaped pan feeding platform towards the one of bar shaped pan feeding platform, the upper table of feedboard 15 Face is arranged at intervals with along the longitudinal direction many blend stops 16 arranged in parallel, and one end of blend stop 16 is towards bar shaped pan feeding platform side To extension, between adjacent two blend stops 16 the fruit roll channel that pass through can single fruit, fruit roll channel are formed with One end towards bar shaped pan feeding platform is corresponding with the upper surface of bar shaped pan feeding platform, is fixedly connected with the support platform 4 The pan feeding platform frame that bar shaped pan feeding platform can be supported and the charging plate bracing frame that feedboard is supported.
In this specific embodiment, the bar shaped pan feeding platform includes belt conveyor II, and belt conveyor II is wrapped Include two carrying rollers II and the feed belt II 17 being wound on two carrying rollers II, two high low settings of carrying roller II, feed belt II 17 Upper surface be fruit conveyor surface and to be conveyed towards the direction of the rotor 1, the pan feeding platform frame is to be fixedly connected The carrying roller support column II being rotatably assorted in the support platform 4 and with two carrying rollers II respectively, also sets in the support platform 4 It is equipped with the carrying roller driving means II that arbitrary carrying roller II can be driven to rotate.
In this specific embodiment, the blend stop 16 is near one end of the bar shaped pan feeding platform towards the bar shaped pan feeding The port of export of platform is obliquely installed.
In this specific embodiment, the top of the blend stop 16 is arc top.
During being embodied as, the aperture in the fruit hole 2 is radially-inwardly gradually reduced along the rotor 1, fruit hole 2 Minimum diameter is more than the minimum diameter for being detected fruit.The orifice diameter in fruit hole so facilitates water more than the diameter of fruit hole bottom hole Fruit is entered into fruit hole.Rotate in rotor 1, when making the fruit hole 2 equipped with fruit turn to top, fruit hole is just into vertically setting Put, and the minimum diameter in fruit hole is more than the minimum diameter for being detected fruit, such fruit just has enough upset spaces in bottom hole Overturn.
The angle of inclination of bar shaped pan feeding platform can be set to 8~12 °, so can not only provide what is rolled for fruit Power, it is also possible to which avoiding fruit from rolling too fast causes operation below to scoop out.Leading arranged distribution on fruit plate 12 has some losss of weight The weight of fruit plate 12 is led in hole, mitigation, and reduction leads the intensity of load of fruit plate driving means 13, improves its service life.
When using fruit sorter, the fruit for picking is put into the fruit of bar shaped pan feeding platform both sides In roll channel, fruit is rolled to successively under gravity on bar shaped pan feeding platform;Fruit court on bar shaped pan feeding platform Conveyed to rotor direction, operation rotor is rotated, and makes the port of export phase in one of fruit hole and bar shaped pan feeding platform on rotor Correspondence, makes fruit enter into fruit hole;Then rotor is rotated, makes the fruit hole equipped with fruit turn to fruit image harvester Stop operating behind lower section, roll shaft driving means are then controlled again makes roll shaft rotate in fruit hole, fruit is overturn, while water Fruit image collecting device is obtained to the image on each surface of fruit;After the completion of fruit detection, roll shaft stops operating, again Start rotor to rotate, by making fruit drop out from fruit hole under the centrifugal action that rotor is rotated;If fruit is in fruit image Quality is intact under the detection of harvester, then fruit leaves rotor and enters into after fruit grading body-packing, respectively control point Fruit plate and the steering for leading fruit plate, guiding fruit is transmitted on belt conveyor I, according to the diameter for detecting fruit before Size is dropped into corresponding fruit outlet;If fruit occurs rotten etc. poor quality under the detection of fruit image harvester Situation, then lead fruit plate and fruit do not guided, direct transdermal is transmitted and from the end of belt conveyor I with conveying device I Make a clean sweep of out.
Finally illustrate, above example is only unrestricted to illustrate technical scheme, although by ginseng According to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, invention has been described, it should be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that can To it to make various changes in the form and details, without departing from the present invention that appended claims are limited Spirit and scope.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fruit switching mechanism, it is characterised in that:Including power set and horizontally disposed rotor, rotor is in the axial direction Two ends are separately provided for the Rotor carriage for supporting rotor and being rotatably assorted with it, and turning round for rotor is circumferentially-spaced along its Multiple fruit holes that can accommodate single fruit are provided with, being provided with least one along rotor axis direction in each fruit hole can be with The roll shaft of fruit phase mutual friction, the two ends of roll shaft are rotatably connected on respectively on rotor, and when roll shaft is rotated, roll shaft can drive it Fruit in the fruit hole of place is overturn, and power set include rotor drive and roll shaft driving means, rotor drive It is connected by transmission system I and rotor, roll shaft driving means are connected by transmission system II and roll shaft.
2. a kind of fruit switching mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the roll shaft be even number root and It is symmetrical arranged with the center line in the fruit hole, being formed between the roll shaft of the fruit centerline hole both sides to accommodate Fruit and the upset space that fruit is overturn.
3. a kind of fruit switching mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The roll shaft is that two ends diameter is big or middle Between the little dolioform structure of diameter.
4. a kind of fruit sorter, it is characterised in that:Including support platform and the fruit grading positioned at support platform upper surface Testing agency, fruit grading body-packing and fruit single fruit intake mechanism;Fruit grading testing agency includes that being arranged on support puts down The switching mechanism of platform upper surface and testing agency, switching mechanism is the fruit upset in the claims 1 to 3 in any one Mechanism, testing agency include be located at the rotor top and with fruit hole opposite position arrange can be to the water in fruit hole The fruit image harvester that fruit is detected, is provided with the installation being fixedly connected with fruit image harvester in support platform Support, fruit single fruit feeding unit is located at the front of the rotor direction of rotation, the port of export of fruit single fruit feeding unit and institute The position for stating fruit hole is corresponding and fruit can be fed into the fruit hole, and fruit grading body-packing is revolved positioned at the rotor Turn the rear in direction, the arrival end of fruit grading body-packing is corresponding with the position in the fruit hole and can make from the fruit hole The fruit for dropping out is entered into inside it carries out classification packing.
5. fruit sorter according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The fruit grading body-packing includes belt Conveying device I, belt conveyor I includes two carrying rollers I and the feed belt I being wound on two carrying rollers I, the court of feed belt I Conveyed to the direction away from the rotor, be also fixedly connected with the support platform respectively with the two ends of two carrying rollers I The carrying roller support column I of connection is rotated, the carrying roller that being additionally provided with the support platform can drive arbitrary carrying roller I to rotate drives dress I is put, the support platform is respectively arranged with positioned at the both sides of feed belt I and is prevented from what fruit was rolled out from feed belt I Fruit shading plate, is relatively set with two pieces of fruit shading plates and can make what fruit passed through to go out along what the conveying direction of feed belt I interval opened up Fruit mouth, is provided with and fruit hole site phase positioned at the centre position of the feeding end of feed belt I and positioned at the top of feed belt I Corresponding point of fruit plate, is provided with driving a point fruit plate to swing so that fruit is from a point fruit plate left side or right above point fruit plate Point fruit plate driving means that side passes through, are respectively arranged with positioned at the position at the rear and correspondence fruit outlet of dividing fruit plate and lead fruit plate, lead It is provided with driving above fruit plate and leads fruit plate and swing so that fruit leads fruit plate from what the fruit outlet of adjacent side was rolled out Driving means, be provided with the support platform respectively with point fruit plate driving means and leading of leading that fruit plate driving means are fixedly connected To fixed support.
6. fruit sorter according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The fruit single fruit intake mechanism includes charging Device and the bar shaped pan feeding platform for tilting forward and back, the relatively low one end of bar shaped pan feeding podium level be the port of export and with the rotor phase Correspondence, the width of bar shaped pan feeding platform is the Breadth Maximum of single fruit, and feed arrangement includes being located at bar shaped pan feeding platform respectively The feedboard of the left and right sides, feedboard be sloped downwardly towards the one of bar shaped pan feeding platform and with the side phase of bar shaped pan feeding platform Correspondence, the upper surface of feedboard is arranged at intervals with along the longitudinal direction many blend stops arranged in parallel, one end direction of blend stop Bar shaped pan feeding platform direction extends, and between adjacent two blend stops the fruit roll channel that pass through can single fruit is formed with, Fruit roll channel is corresponding with the upper surface of bar shaped pan feeding platform towards one end of bar shaped pan feeding platform, in the support platform It is fixedly connected with the pan feeding platform frame that can be supported to bar shaped pan feeding platform and the charging being supported to feedboard Plate bracing frame.
7. fruit sorter according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The bar shaped pan feeding platform includes Belt Conveying Device II, belt conveyor II includes two carrying rollers II and the feed belt II being wound on two carrying rollers II, two carrying rollers II High low setting, the upper surface of feed belt II is fruit conveyor surface and is conveyed towards the rotor direction that the pan feeding is put down Platform bracing frame is the carrying roller support column II for being fixedly connected in the support platform and being rotatably assorted with two carrying rollers II respectively, institute State and the carrying roller driving means II that arbitrary carrying roller II can be driven to rotate are additionally provided with support platform.
8. fruit sorter according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The blend stop is near the bar shaped pan feeding platform One end be obliquely installed towards the port of export of the bar shaped pan feeding platform.
9. fruit sorter according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The top of the blend stop is arc top.
CN201710107987.0A 2017-02-27 2017-02-27 Fruit turning mechanism and fruit classifying device thereof Pending CN106622993A (en)

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CN201710107987.0A CN106622993A (en) 2017-02-27 2017-02-27 Fruit turning mechanism and fruit classifying device thereof

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110496797A (en) * 2018-05-16 2019-11-26 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 A kind of photoelectricity fruit-vegetable sorting machine
CN111921902A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 西华大学 Apple internal damage detection device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110496797A (en) * 2018-05-16 2019-11-26 扬州福尔喜果蔬汁机械有限公司 A kind of photoelectricity fruit-vegetable sorting machine
CN111921902A (en) * 2020-07-31 2020-11-13 西华大学 Apple internal damage detection device

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