CN201186960Y - Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine - Google Patents

Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201186960Y
CN201186960Y CNU2008200762838U CN200820076283U CN201186960Y CN 201186960 Y CN201186960 Y CN 201186960Y CN U2008200762838 U CNU2008200762838 U CN U2008200762838U CN 200820076283 U CN200820076283 U CN 200820076283U CN 201186960 Y CN201186960 Y CN 201186960Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
impurity
cotton
impurities removal
assorted
links
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008200762838U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董春强
胡玉山
翟鸿鹄
王海蛟
郭辉利
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HANDAN JINSHI COTTON MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HANDAN JINSHI COTTON MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HANDAN JINSHI COTTON MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HANDAN JINSHI COTTON MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CNU2008200762838U priority Critical patent/CN201186960Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201186960Y publication Critical patent/CN201186960Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Abstract

The utility model discloses a cleaning machine of cotton heterosexual impurities, and the cleaning machine is mainly composed of an impurity separation part, an impurity removing and regulating part, a fan pipeline and a machine rack. A soft special impurity cleaning part is arranged on the impurity separation part, a discharge outlet which is arranged at the bottom part of the soft special impurity cleaning part is connected with a feed inlet which is arranged at the upper part of the impurity separation part, the bottom part of the impurity separation part is connected with the impurity removing and regulating part, the right side of the impurity separation part is connected with the air inlet fan pipeline, a dust cage and a peeling roller are parallelly arranged at the left side, the dust cage is connected with an induced draft fan, an impurity containing box is arranged at the lower part of the peeling roller, two impurity removing and regulating mechanisms which have the same shape and are respectively composed of an impurity trickling plate, a cotton sliding plate and a direction changing plate are arranged in the impurity removing and regulating part, and a discharge impurity removing part which is composed of an impurity removing screw conveyor, a choke valve, an air-lock valve, the impurity containing box and the machine rack is arranged at the lower part of the impurity removing and regulating part. The cleaning machine is the cotton cleaning machine which can not only clean the heavy impurities, but can also conveniently and effectively remove the heterosexual impurities.

Description

Cotton foreign impurity descaling machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cotton processing machinery, is a kind of cleaning equipment that is applicable to that the cotton processing industry is cleared up the foreign impurity of sneaking in the cotton.
Background technology
The cotton planting of China already develops comparatively fast in recent years, but because aspects such as fund, technology, the cotton picking of China is mostly based on hand picked cotton at present.Foreign impurities such as a large amount of hairs, feather, plastic cellosilk, flax silk in cotton, have also just been sneaked into like this; Adopt impurity such as also containing a large amount of cotton leaves, broken branch and plastic film in the cotton at machine.Main in the market several seed cotton cleaning machines mainly are that cotton leaf, mote, stiff valve cotton and dust etc. in the unginned cotton are cleared up, to foreign impurity bigger in the cotton mostly is to adopt the method for artificial hand-sorted to separate, this method labour intensity is big, production efficiency is low, strengthened production cost, and also be difficult to clear up for less foreign impurity such as hair, flax silk, plastic film etc.Owing to the existence of these foreign impurities, both influenced the selling price of cotton ginning mill's gined cotton, influenced the quality of textile mills' cloth again, make it have to spend great financial resource and material resource and clear up.Therefore cotton machine factory, cotton source mill and the textile enterprise of China perplexed in the existence of these impurity always.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of can clear up fine impurities such as the dust in the cotton, cotton leaf and blue or green bell, masonry tile fragment etc. heavily assorted, can remove the cotton foreign impurity descaling machine of foreign impurities such as hair in the cotton, feather, plastic cellosilk, flax silk again easily and effectively.
This practical purpose can realize by following technical measures:
Cotton foreign impurity descaling machine mainly is made up of impurity separation portion, impurities removal adjusting portion, Fan pipeline and frame.The assorted cleaning portion of soft spy is installed in impurity separation portion, the discharging opening of the bottom of the assorted cleaning portion of soft spy separates portion top with impurity charging aperture links to each other, the bottom of impurity separation portion links to each other with the impurities removal adjusting portion, the right side of impurity separation portion links to each other with the air intake blower fan pipeline, in the left side of impurity separation portion is dust cage and the stripping roller that is arranged in parallel, dust cage links to each other with the air inducing blower fan, the assorted case of Sheng is installed in the bottom of stripping roller, in the impurities removal adjusting portion, have and drop down assorted plate, two impurities removal governor motions that shape is identical are formed in cotton plate and the deflecting plate combination of slipping, and have by the impurities removal auger in the bottom of impurities removal adjusting portion, choke valve, wind stopping device, contain the discharging impurities removal portion that assorted case and frame are formed.
The purpose of this utility model can also realize by following technical measures:
The feeding roller of 2 parallel rotation rate-controllables is arranged above between the front and back sidewall of the assorted cleaning portion of soft spy, and the centre is an opening roller, and the bottom is the assorted roller of soft spy, and the assorted roller of feeding roller, opening roller and soft spy is all around axle center rotation separately.
There is the guide plate combination upper right side before and after the impurity separation of the present utility model portion between the sidewall, the air intake blower fan pipeline links to each other with air intake blower fan, the air intake blower fan pipeline is two, and the air inlet of top air intake blower fan pipeline is a horizontal level, and the air inlet of bottom air intake blower fan pipeline is oblique upper left 45 degree.
Mid portion before and after the impurities removal adjusting portion of the present utility model between the sidewall be two shapes identical by slip cotton plate, drop down the adjustable impurities removal governor motion of position, length that assorted plate and deflecting plate are formed, lower middle position is a discharging opening, discharging opening links to each other with the choke valve of discharging impurities removal portion, the lower right side position is than the heavy seeds outlet, link to each other with the impurities removal auger on right side than the heavy seeds outlet, the lower left side position is than the light impurity outlet, link to each other with the impurities removal auger in left side than the light impurity outlet, the outlet of impurities removal auger links to each other with wind stopping device.
Design feature of the present utility model and operation principle are as follows:
The utility model partly is made up of the assorted cleaning portion of soft spy, impurity separation portion, impurities removal adjusting portion, Fan pipeline, discharging impurities removal portion etc.Assorted form by roller by casing, feeding roller, opening roller, soft spy for the assorted cleaning portion of soft spy.Two feeding rollers are horizontally, and each roller is around axle center rotation separately, and the assorted cleaning portion of soft spy bottom links to each other with the impurity portion of separation; Impurity separation portion is made up of casing, guide plate, dust cage, stripping roller.Guide plate is positioned at the assorted cleaning of soft spy subordinate side, can be by rotating the direction of control cotton by gravity fall; The right side of impurity separation portion links to each other with air intake blower fan.Leftward position in impurity separation portion is dust cage and the stripping roller that is arranged in parallel, and dust cage links to each other with the air inducing blower fan, adsorbs various foreign impurities such as hair, feather, plastic film, flax silk and tiny light ash etc. by the effect of wind-force.The dust cage top position is the exhaust duct that links to each other with picogram dragon pipeline, with the stripping roller rotation that dust cage is horizontally disposed various foreign impurities is brushed down, enters the assorted case of Sheng of below.The below of whole impurity separation portion links to each other with the impurities removal adjusting portion.The impurities removal adjusting portion by casing, drop down the cotton plate of assorted plate, slide and deflecting plate is formed.Wherein drop down assorted plate, two impurities removal governor motions that shape is identical of cotton plate of slide and deflecting plate combination composition.Drop down the fixed-site of assorted plate and the cotton plate of slide, discharge cotton and impurity respectively.About the deflecting plate combined location, the left and right sides is adjustable, by regulating the different position of deflecting plate combination, can control the degree that cotton separates with impurity effectively.The assorted plate that drops down on right side, impurities removal adjusting portion below links to each other with right side impurities removal auger with the impurity discharging port that sidewall forms, and the discharging opening that two middle cotton plates of slide form links to each other with choke valve, and the assorted plate that drops down in left side links to each other with left side impurities removal auger with the impurity discharging port that sidewall forms.Discharging impurities removal portion is made up of impurities removal auger, choke valve, wind stopping device, the assorted case of Sheng and frame.Two impurities removal mechanism structure of both sides are identical, all are made up of impurities removal auger and wind stopping device, discharge impurity such as heavier cotton leaf, cotton stalk, oarse-grained dust, and the exit can connect contains assorted case or impurities removal pipeline.Middle choke valve is a discharging opening, connects following one manufacturing procedure.The assorted case of Sheng is connected on the lower left of impurity separation portion, mainly discharges various foreign impurities such as hair, feather, plastic film, flax silk.
The utility model advantage compared with prior art is: physical characteristic different that fully take into account cotton and various impurity, formed multi-level impurity-removing mechanism, after cotton enters this machine, long impurity such as woven bag silk, rope is twined by the assorted roller of soft spy, other impurity and cotton are in vertical drop after shredding, through the air inlet vertical the time with falling direction by impelling, be subjected to the difference of windage like this owing to each material in the unginned cotton, just can remove heavier bell shell, cotton leaf, cotton stalk, impurity such as dust, the most important thing is effectively to remove be difficult in the former unginned cotton cleaning by machinery remove mainly by manually picking up " three " that choose as hair, feather, various foreign impurities such as plastic film.Good cleaning effect can be reached like this, lot of manpower and material resources can be saved again.This machine structure is generous simultaneously, power consumption is little, the power and energy saving, and its internal structure is adjustable, can effectively prevent the obstruction of unginned cotton.The wind-force of this machine is blower fan air intake, dust cage air inducing and the dust discharge of picogram dragon, can prevent effectively that dust is excessive, keeps the cleaning of working environment.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is structural representation of the present utility model (sectional drawing).
Among the figure: 1---the soft spy adjusting portion of mixing, 1-1---casing, 1-2---feeding roller, 1-3---opening roller, 1-4---the soft spy roller of mixing; 2---impurity separation portion, 2-1---casing, 2-2---guide plate, 2-3---dust cage, 2-4---stripping roller; 3---the impurities removal adjusting portion, 3-1---casing, 3-2---drop down assorted plate, 3-3---and slip cotton plate, 3-4---deflecting plate combination (3-4); 4---Fan pipeline, 4-1---air intake blower fan, 4-2---air inducing blower fan, 4-3---exhaust duct; 5---discharging impurities removal portion, 5-1---impurities removal auger, 5-2---wind stopping device, 5-3---choke valve, 5-4---contain assorted case, 5-5---frame.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing cotton foreign impurity descaling machine is described in detail:
The utility model is made up of the assorted cleaning portion 1 of soft spy, impurity separation portion 2, impurities removal adjusting portion 3, Fan pipeline 4 and discharging impurities removal portion 5 and frame 5-5 etc.In the assorted cleaning portion 1 of soft spy, feed cotton rod 1-2 for horizontal two, feed cotton roller 1-2 for two and rotate in opposite directions, the big I of rotating speed is regulated according to the cotton feeding amount of reality.The below of feeding cotton roller 1-2 is equipped with an opening roller 1-3 of rotation at a high speed, and cotton is carried out shredding completely so that in the process of back with cotton and separate impurities.Below opening roller the assorted winding roller 1-4 of a soft spy, soft spy is assorted, and winding roller 1-4 has a plurality of caltrops on its roll shaft, roll shaft rotates at a high speed around the axle center, thereby different in nature materials such as woven bag silk long in the unginned cotton, hair, mulch film, rope are enwinded, by manually carrying out periodic cleaning.The bottom of the assorted cleaning portion 1 of soft spy is separated portion 2 and is linked to each other with impurity.
There is individual guide plate 2-2 in impurity separation portion 2 near the position of the assorted cleaning portion 1 of soft spy, its left and right sides, position is adjustable, can regulate the direction that unginned cotton falls by the position of regulating guide plate 2-2, guarantee heavier impurity such as cotton stalk, stones etc. fall along the direction of guide plate 2-2, directly drop on the assorted plate 3-2 of dropping down of impurities removal adjusting portion 3 right sides.An air inlet is respectively arranged on the right side wall of casing 2-1 and casing 3-1, blower fan divides the both direction blowing, casing 2-1 goes up and is the horizontal direction blowing, casing 3-1 goes up and is oblique upper left 45 degree direction blowings, two strands of wind form the cotton that the crosscurrent that makes progress left acts on vertical drop, the left side of the portion of impurity separation simultaneously 2 is a dust cage air inducing, under the wind-force of whole device is used, realizes cotton is separated purpose with impurity.Heavier impurity directly drops on the assorted plate 3-2 of dropping down of impurities removal adjusting portion 3 right sides; Cotton and remaining impurity are blown away to the left side that impurity separates portion under the effect of wind-force, because the weight of unginned cotton is relatively large, are loose condition (of surface) simultaneously, so fall in the scope of middle two deflecting plates combination 3-4; All the other impurity such as cotton leaf, tiny dust etc. continue left, drop on the assorted plate 3-2 of dropping down of impurities removal adjusting portion 3 left sides; Remaining foreign impurity such as hair, feather, plastic film and slight dust etc. are then concentrated to dust cage under the effect of wind-force, the screen cloth that slighter dust passes dust cage 2-3 surface is siphoned away by blower fan, foreign impurities such as bigger hair, feather, plastic film can not pass the screen cloth on dust cage 2-3 surface but the surface that is adsorbed on screen cloth along with dust cage 2-3 rotation.In the left side of dust cage 2-3 is a stripping roller 2-4 who is arranged in parallel, the below of stripping roller 2-4 is connected to contains assorted case 5-4, dust cage 2-3 and stripping roller 2-4 rotate in the same way, and when the foreign impurity that is adsorbed on screen surface rotated to the side of stripping roller 2-4, the belt on the stripping roller 2-4 was contained among the assorted case 5-4 entering under its brush.
About deflecting plate in the impurities removal adjusting portion 3 combination 3-4 position, the left and right sides is adjustable, adjustment by its position can change two the impurities removal zones of impurities removal adjusting portion 3 and the range size in a discharging zone, thereby make right positions discharge the impurities removal auger 5-1 that impurity such as heavier cotton stalk, dust stone enter the right side, leftward position is discharged the impurities removal auger 5-1 that impurity such as lighter cotton leaf, dust enter the left side, and impurity is through outside wind stopping device (5-2) the discharge machine that links to each other with left and right sides impurities removal auger 5-1.The centre position is discharged cotton and is directly entered down manufacturing procedure one by choke valve 5-3.Choke valve 5-3 and two wind stopping device 5-2 stop the wind of bottom to enter machine jointly, guarantee that the indiffusion such as dust impurity in the impurities removal adjusting portion 3 raise up.

Claims (4)

1, cotton foreign impurity descaling machine, mainly by impurity separation portion (2), impurities removal adjusting portion (3), Fan pipeline (4), and frame (5-5) is formed, it is characterized in that: the assorted cleaning portion (1) of soft spy is installed in the impurity separation portion (2), the discharging opening of the bottom of the assorted cleaning portion (1) of soft spy separates portion (2) top with impurity charging aperture links to each other, the bottom of impurity separation portion (2) links to each other with impurities removal adjusting portion (3), the right side of impurity separation portion (2) links to each other with air intake blower fan pipeline (4), in the left side of impurity separation portion (2) is dust cage (2-3) and the stripping roller (2-4) that is arranged in parallel, dust cage (2-3) links to each other with air inducing blower fan (4-2), the assorted case (5-4) of Sheng is installed in the bottom of stripping roller (2-4), in impurities removal adjusting portion (3), have and drop down assorted plate (3-2), the cotton plate (3-3) that slips is formed two impurities removal governor motions that shape is identical with deflecting plate combination (3-4), has by auger (5-1) in the bottom of impurities removal adjusting portion (3), wind stopping device (5-2), choke valve (5-3), contain the discharging impurities removal portion (5) that assorted case (5-4) and frame (5-5) are formed.
2, cotton foreign impurity descaling machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the feeding roller (1-2) that 2 parallel rotation rate-controllables are arranged above between the front and back sidewall of the assorted cleaning portion (1) of soft spy, the centre is opening roller (1-3), and the bottom is that the assorted roller (1-4) of soft spy is all around axle center rotation separately.
3, cotton foreign impurity descaling machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: there is guide plate combination (2-2) upper right side before and after the impurity separation portion (2) between the sidewall, air intake blower fan pipeline (4) is two, the air inlet of top air intake blower fan pipeline (4) is a horizontal level, the air inlet of bottom air intake blower fan pipeline (4) for obliquely 45 the degree.
4, cotton foreign impurity descaling machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the mid portion before and after the impurities removal adjusting portion (3) between the sidewall is that two shapes are identical by slipping cotton plate (3-3), drop down the position that assorted plate (3-2) and deflecting plate combination (3-4) is formed, the impurities removal governor motion that length is adjustable, lower middle position is a discharging opening, discharging opening links to each other with the choke valve (5-3) of discharging impurities removal portion (5), the lower right side position is than the heavy seeds outlet, link to each other with the impurities removal auger (5-1) on right side than the heavy seeds outlet, the lower left side position is than the light impurity outlet, link to each other with the impurities removal auger (5-1) in left side than the light impurity outlet, the outlet of impurities removal auger (5-1) links to each other with wind stopping device (5-2).
CNU2008200762838U 2008-02-02 2008-02-02 Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine Expired - Fee Related CN201186960Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200762838U CN201186960Y (en) 2008-02-02 2008-02-02 Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200762838U CN201186960Y (en) 2008-02-02 2008-02-02 Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201186960Y true CN201186960Y (en) 2009-01-28

Family

ID=40309981

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008200762838U Expired - Fee Related CN201186960Y (en) 2008-02-02 2008-02-02 Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201186960Y (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102212898A (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-10-12 胡玉白 Cotton cleaner for clearing cotton stalk boll shells
CN102212889A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-12 张连军 Device for cleaning profile fibers of negative-pressure seed cotton
CN102226302A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-10-26 昆明市鸭绒制品厂 Variable-frequency oscillation high-voltage electrostatic down fiber removing machine
CN106087072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine cotton picking cleaning plant and machine cotton picking conveyance conduit
CN108103588A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-06-01 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Unginned cotton distributor
CN113215687A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-06 阳谷森博机械有限公司 Modular combination method of short fiber hardness removing equipment
CN116200833A (en) * 2023-04-07 2023-06-02 河北中冀万隆纺织有限公司 Raw cotton impurity separating device for producing polyester cotton yarn

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102212898A (en) * 2010-04-06 2011-10-12 胡玉白 Cotton cleaner for clearing cotton stalk boll shells
CN102212898B (en) * 2010-04-06 2013-12-18 胡玉白 Cotton cleaner for clearing cotton stalk boll shells
CN102226302A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-10-26 昆明市鸭绒制品厂 Variable-frequency oscillation high-voltage electrostatic down fiber removing machine
CN102212889A (en) * 2011-06-07 2011-10-12 张连军 Device for cleaning profile fibers of negative-pressure seed cotton
CN106087072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine cotton picking cleaning plant and machine cotton picking conveyance conduit
CN108103588A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-06-01 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Unginned cotton distributor
CN113215687A (en) * 2021-05-07 2021-08-06 阳谷森博机械有限公司 Modular combination method of short fiber hardness removing equipment
CN116200833A (en) * 2023-04-07 2023-06-02 河北中冀万隆纺织有限公司 Raw cotton impurity separating device for producing polyester cotton yarn
CN116200833B (en) * 2023-04-07 2023-09-12 河北中冀万隆纺织有限公司 Raw cotton impurity separating device for producing polyester cotton yarn

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201186960Y (en) Cotton anisotropic impurity cleaning machine
CN201106073Y (en) Seed cotton clearing machine
CN203144584U (en) Seed cotton cleaning machine
CN207057013U (en) A kind of multistage fresh tea passes grading plant
CN101565860B (en) Mudar floss silver used for spinning, processing method and equipment thereof
CN206392132U (en) A kind of rice mill for agricultural production
CN105155043B (en) A kind of picker
CN206986360U (en) A kind of cotton feeding box of carding machine
CN101979729B (en) Seed cotton foreign fiber cleaner
CN2913396Y (en) Seed cotton cleaning machine with foreign substance removing function
CN103650788B (en) The indoor thresher for single strain of soybean
CN103031625B (en) A kind of spinning akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen
CN101265622B (en) Seed-wool foreign fiber cleaning machine
CN206986362U (en) A kind of waste cotton recovery system
CN206701732U (en) Fresh tea leaf separator
CN201190194Y (en) Sorter for foreign fiber of seed-cotton
CN203065661U (en) Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber
CN103088468B (en) Impurity removing device special for separating fibers and capsule seeds of mudar used for spinning
CN106880061A (en) Multifunctional nut rejuvenator
CN204638508U (en) A kind of impurity removal means of flexible light weight thin slice
CN204982147U (en) Unginned cotton clearance system
CN102212890B (en) Positive pressure foreign fiber clearing device and combined seed cotton foreign fiber clearing machine
CN108842192A (en) A kind of cotton harvesting impurity elimination experimental bench
CN203049120U (en) Seed cotton heavy impurity negative pressure separation device
CN206229687U (en) Wheat seeds screening machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090128

Termination date: 20160202