CN203065661U - Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber - Google Patents

Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203065661U
CN203065661U CN 201320041891 CN201320041891U CN203065661U CN 203065661 U CN203065661 U CN 203065661U CN 201320041891 CN201320041891 CN 201320041891 CN 201320041891 U CN201320041891 U CN 201320041891U CN 203065661 U CN203065661 U CN 203065661U
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China
Prior art keywords
cotton
fiber
akund
wing
negative pressure
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201320041891
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘党赐
肖金发
徐讪文
宋奇峰
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HUNAN YUNJIN GROUP CO Ltd
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HUNAN YUNJIN GROUP CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201320041891 priority Critical patent/CN203065661U/en
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Publication of CN203065661U publication Critical patent/CN203065661U/en
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Abstract

A special impurity removing device for separation of the bag and the seed of spinning-used akund fiber comprises a feeding device, a transmission system and a cotton conveying pipe, and is characterized in that the feeding device is formed by a cotton feeding plate, a cotton feeding roller, a dust bar and four wing beaters, and is mounted at the upper part of the front end of a machine frame; the transmission system is fixed at the lower part of the front end of the machine frame; the cotton delivery pipe is arranged at the middle part of the machine frame; an upper regulation plate, a lower regulation plate and a negative pressure air tube are arranged in the cotton conveying pipe; the bag and seed dust chamber is arranged below the cotton conveying pipe; and a cotton storage box and a negative pressure blower are arranged at the rear part of the machine frame. The special impurity removing device adopts elastic metal sheets as the beaters which operate at a low speed, so that damage to fiber is less, physical beating action of the whole set of special impurity removing device is less, the impurity removing is achieved by combining air flow, and unique characteristic of the fiber is better stored; compared with manual pick, the efficiency is improved by 26 times, industrial batch production of akund fiber is facilitated; and the impurity rate is lowered to 3 percent, and effective impurity removing of the fiber is achieved.

Description

A kind of spinning akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen
Technical field
The utility model discloses a kind of spinning with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen, belong to technical field of textile machine.
Background technology
This device use to as if akund, it is a kind of spinning fiber that is applied to textile industry.Wild Calotropis gigantea plant mainly is distributed in Hainan, Guangdong, Sichuan and the area, Yunnan of China, this fiber is to extract from the Calotropis gigantea fruit of artificial culture, it is a kind of weaving tencel of ecological, environmental protective, its fibre length is long, structure hollow, any surface finish has gas permeability and the comfort of similar cotton, and natural bacteriostatic, have good spinning application prospect.Akund two ends, end capsula interna, the end fiber cottonseed of ining succession of ining succession is seed, fibre compact be coated on the capsula interna skin, cottonseed is coated on fibrous outer again, forms tight structure and is wrapped up by the fruit crust.At present the collection mode of fiber is for breaking crust, and the fiber of collecting is that skin has cottonseed, and nexine has the individual fibers bunch of capsula interna, and cottonseed and capsula interna are the impurity that can not be applied to spin, and need effectively remove this impurity as being applied to spin.At present, textile industry does not also have special equipment to carry out removal of impurities to akund, be to adopt manual method to carry out mostly, this artificial impurity-removing method has following defective: 1. it is quite low manually to pick impurity efficient, effect is also undesirable, and a workman works and picked 1.2Kg in eight hours approximately every day, for being successfully applied to spinning, the efficiency far of manually picking does not reach the industrial production requirement, and cost of labor also will significantly increase; 2. because the traditional cotton fiber impurity removing equipment of the special construction state of akund and fibre property incompatibility, this be because: first: the special construction status architecture of akund differs from cotton fiber, there is weight differential etc. between traditional cotton fiber cottonseed and the fiber, and the equal lighier cracky of the fiber capsula interna weight of akund and fibre weight, so the cotton fiber knot screen can not be applicable to the removal of impurities of akund; Second: the fibre fineness of akund is thin, and length is longer, and hollow structure and matter are crisp, easy damaged under machinery hits in legacy equipment, the characteristic property of destruction fiber.So akund is successfully spinned, just needs a kind of special-purpose impurity removing equipment that is applicable to akund special construction and little damage of exploitation.
Summary of the invention
Separate difficult problem in order effectively to solve present akund fibrous capsule seed; satisfy requirement of massive production; the utility model provides a kind of spinning akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen; in order to the capsule seed impurity in the effective separation akund; improve the efficient of separating removal of impurities; minimizing reaches the fault standard of textile industry ordinary production, and accomplishes scale production the damage of akund.
For solving its technical problem, the design people is through studying for a long period of time and using for reference the physical mechanical basic principle of existing cotton processing removal of impurities, successful proposition the technical scheme of this device: the spinning designed comprises: feed unit, transmission system, four wing hired roughnecks and defeated cotton pipe with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen; Its feature is: 1. described feed unit by feed plate, form for cotton roller, dirt rod, four wing hired roughnecks, be installed in the top of frame front end, transmission system is fixed on the bottom of frame front end, be provided with up and down two adjustable plates and negative pressure airduct in central rack is provided with cotton delivery pipe, this pipeline, the bottom of this pipeline is provided with capsule seed dirt chamber; Be provided with cotton storage tank and negative-pressure air fan at the frame rear portion;
2. described transmission system is made up of motor and electric control gear, and wherein motor adopts two variable-frequency motors, and one drives negative-pressure air fan, and for package unit provides negative pressure, fiber movement is realized by negative pressure; Cotton roller and four wing hired roughnecks are given in another driving, and the rotating shaft of this motor is provided with drive pulley, by triangular driving band be installed in four wing hired roughnecks and be connected with passive belt wheel to the outer end of cotton roller; The described rotating speed of giving cotton roller and four wing hired roughnecks' rotating ratio by passive belt wheel external diameter than determining; Described electric control gear is made up of electric cabinet, frequency converter, electric switch;
3. described four wing hired roughnecks' material is the Thin Elastic sheet metal, be shaped as zigzag, the duty that can realize in service is played tip-tap, strengthen the shredding minimizing to the damage of fiber, hired roughneck's speed is by Frequency Converter Control, consideration in the permissible velocity scope, is the stabilising arrangement air-flow to its speed control of fibre damage simultaneously, and four wing hired roughnecks' rotating speed becomes positive correlation with fan speed;
4, described defeated cotton Guan Yousan partly forms: first is that cotton-conveying pipe plays the connection effect, and there is form to observe fiber condition, second portion is the setting of removal of impurities bend, bend place fiber and separate impurities effect are finished in the acting in conjunction of two adjustable plates of being connected with capsule seed chamber, the adjusting of adjustable plate is relevant with the negative pressure air quantity, the 3rd pipeline connects cotton storage tank, realization is to separating the collection of back fiber, and the design of cotton delivery pipe is finished akund removal of impurities transportation, removal of impurities, the effect of collection series.
Operation principle of the present utility model is: the akund process that is tiled on the feed plate is given cotton roller, giving under the gripping effect of cotton roller, four wing hired roughnecks grip strike to the fiber that roller grips under driven by motor, profile of tooth sheet four wing hired roughnecks form fiber and tear panting action, fibrage is beaten pine, capsula interna shifts and is exposed to fibrous outer, cottonseed, fiber, capsula interna is along with four wing hired roughnecks move in a circle under centrifugal action, part capsula interna and cottonseed are under centrifugal force and gravity effect, fall to mix to distinguishing first by dirt rod gap and drop, cottonseed at the fiber movement of shredding to the interface of four wing hired roughnecks with defeated cotton pipe, because pipe negative pressure shifts to defeated cotton pipe, form cotton fluid layer, in pipeline because the physical quality difference of three kinds of materials, further layering in motion process, cottonseed and capsula interna are because density is a bit larger tham fiber when that cotton fluid layer moves to is defeated cotton when managing bend, adjusted plate opening is regulated the bend place is existed upwards and downward different negative pressure, following adjustable plate is regulated the effect that fibrage is played separation cuts, fiber is separated with foreign material, fiber is sucked away through defeated cotton pipe negative pressure, impurity is siphoned away the purpose that reaches removal of impurities for the second time by the negative pressure from capsule seed dirt chamber, last fiber and impurity are collected respectively, and the capsule seed of finishing akund separates the removal of impurities effect.
The utility model device has following characteristics and progress:
1, to take elastic sheet metal be the hired roughneck to this device, adopts multi-disc hired roughneck low cruise, and less to fibre damage, package unit structure physics strike effect is little, finishes removal of impurities in conjunction with air-flow, more intact preservation the fiber monopolizing characteristic;
2, this device is realized the mechanical treatment to the akund removal of impurities, more manually pick, enhance productivity greatly, by installing full size at present, equipment failure-free operation, a workman can handle fiber 40kg in eight hours, improved 26.6 times of effects with manually picking to compare, and the industrialization that is conducive to akund is produced in batches;
3, this device is realized the effective removal of impurities of akund, do not have in the present industry of akund and contain assorted standard, by manually carefully picking, fiber is contained the assorted quantitative analysis of carrying out, general akund percentage of impurity is about 12% ~ 15%, by the processing of this device, percentage of impurity is reduced to about 3%, has reached the effective removal of impurities to fiber.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is further specified:
Fig. 1 is structural representation front view of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is structural representation vertical view of the present utility model,
Fig. 3 is structural representation left view of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1, feed plate, 2, give cotton roller, 3, four wing hired roughnecks, 4, hood, 5, defeated cotton pipe, 6, adjustable plate down, 7, the adjusted plate, 8, negative pressure airduct, 9, cotton storage tank, 10, the dirt rod, 11, frame, 12, negative-pressure air fan, 13, four wing hired roughneck belt pulleys, 14, V belt, 15, main motor belt dish, 16, electric cabinet, 17, main motor, 18, defeated cotton pipe form, 19, capsule seed dirt chamber.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing: the upper front end in frame 11 is provided with hood 4, on the frame in the hood fixing by by feed plate 1, give the front end bottom of cotton roller 2, feed unit that dirt rod 10 and four wing hired roughnecks 3 form, frame 11 fixing by the transmission system of being formed by main motor 17 and electric control gear, wherein main motor belt dish 15 passes through V belt 14 and links to each other with four wing hired roughneck belt pulleys 13; Electric control gear is made up of frequency converter, the electric switch of electric cabinet 16 and adapted thereof; The surface that is provided with cotton delivery pipe 5, this cotton delivery pipe at the middle part of frame 11 is provided with for the defeated cotton pipe form of observing 18, be provided with adjusted plate 7, following adjustable plate 6 and negative pressure airduct 8 in the defeated cotton pipe, the bottom of cotton delivery pipe 5 is provided with for the capsule seed dirt chamber 19 of collecting impurity; Be provided with for cotton storage tank 9 and the negative-pressure air fan 12 collected through the removal of impurities fiber at the frame rear portion.
During work, because two Frequency Converter Control master motors 17 and negative-pressure air fan 12 are housed respectively in the electric cabinet 16, regulate the frequency conversion parameter and open electric cabinet 16 negative-pressure air fans 12 switches, form negative pressure in the device, open main motor 17 switches, main motor 17 starts, main motor belt dish 15 drives V belt 14, four wing hired roughneck belt pulleys 13 are driven by V belt 14, and four wing hired roughnecks 3 begin to rotate, and device brings into operation; Fiber is tiled on the feed plate 1, shake to the cotton roller crank and make to cotton roller 2 rotations, fiber is given under the gripping effect of cotton roller 2, hit by four wing hired roughnecks, 3 shreddings, broken the fiber of pine along with four wing hired roughnecks 3 move in a circle in hood 4 and dirt rod 10, partial impurities drops through dirt rod 10 gaps under centrifugal force and gravity effect, the negative pressure that other fibers are failed in the cotton pipe 5 siphons away, by observing defeated cotton pipe form 18, regulate adjusted plate 7 and following adjustable plate 6 respectively, partial impurities drops to capsule seed dirt chamber 19 under the suction function that negative pressure pipe 8 produces, other fibers are sucked in the cotton storage tank 9 by negative pressure in the cotton delivery pipe 5, finish the task of this device.

Claims (4)

1. a spinning comprises: feed unit, transmission system and defeated cotton pipe with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen; It is characterized in that: described feed unit by feed plate, form for cotton roller, dirt rod and four wing hired roughnecks, be installed in the top of frame front end; Transmission system is fixed on the bottom of frame front end; Be provided with up and down two adjustable plates and negative pressure airduct in central rack is provided with cotton delivery pipe, this pipeline, the bottom of this pipeline is provided with capsule seed dirt chamber; Be provided with cotton storage tank and negative-pressure air fan at the frame rear portion.
2. spinning according to claim 1 is with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen, it is characterized in that: described transmission system is made up of motor and electric control gear, wherein motor adopts two variable-frequency motors, one drives negative-pressure air fan, for package unit provides negative pressure, fiber movement is realized by negative pressure; Cotton roller and four wing hired roughnecks are given in another driving, and the rotating shaft of this motor is provided with drive pulley, by triangular driving band be installed in four wing hired roughnecks and be connected with passive belt wheel to the outer end of cotton roller; The described rotating speed of giving cotton roller and four wing hired roughnecks' rotating ratio by passive belt wheel external diameter than determining; Described electric control gear is made up of electric cabinet, frequency converter, electric switch.
3. spinning according to claim 1 is with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen, it is characterized in that: described four wing hired roughnecks' material is the Thin Elastic sheet metal, be shaped as zigzag, the duty that can realize in service is played tip-tap, strengthen the shredding minimizing to the damage of fiber, hired roughneck's speed is considered its speed control of fibre damage in the permissible velocity scope by Frequency Converter Control, be the stabilising arrangement air-flow simultaneously, four wing hired roughnecks' rotating speed becomes positive correlation with fan speed.
4. spinning according to claim 1 is with akund capsule seed separate, dedicated knot screen, it is characterized in that: described defeated cotton Guan Yousan partly forms: first is that cotton-conveying pipe plays the connection effect, and there is form to observe fiber condition, second portion is the setting of removal of impurities bend, bend place fiber and separate impurities effect are finished in the acting in conjunction of two adjustable plates of being connected with capsule seed chamber, the adjusting of adjustable plate is relevant with the negative pressure air quantity, the 3rd pipeline connects cotton storage tank, realization is to separating the collection of back fiber, and the design of cotton delivery pipe is finished the akund removal of impurities is transported, removal of impurities, collect the series effect.
CN 201320041891 2013-01-27 2013-01-27 Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber Withdrawn - After Issue CN203065661U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320041891 CN203065661U (en) 2013-01-27 2013-01-27 Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320041891 CN203065661U (en) 2013-01-27 2013-01-27 Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203065661U true CN203065661U (en) 2013-07-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320041891 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203065661U (en) 2013-01-27 2013-01-27 Special impurity removing device for separation of bag and seed of spinning-used akund fiber

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103031625A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-10 湖南云锦集团股份有限公司 Impurity removing device special for separating calotropis gigantean fiber capsule seeds
CN103088468B (en) * 2013-01-27 2015-05-27 湖南云锦集团股份有限公司 Impurity removing device special for separating fibers and capsule seeds of mudar used for spinning
CN110396727A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-01 苏州大学 A kind of akund extraction element and its application method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103031625A (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-04-10 湖南云锦集团股份有限公司 Impurity removing device special for separating calotropis gigantean fiber capsule seeds
CN103088468B (en) * 2013-01-27 2015-05-27 湖南云锦集团股份有限公司 Impurity removing device special for separating fibers and capsule seeds of mudar used for spinning
CN110396727A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-01 苏州大学 A kind of akund extraction element and its application method
CN110396727B (en) * 2019-08-29 2023-07-07 苏州大学 Calotropis gigantea fiber extraction device and application method thereof

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130717

Effective date of abandoning: 20150527

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