CN201106073Y - Seed cotton clearing machine - Google Patents

Seed cotton clearing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201106073Y
CN201106073Y CNU2007201274998U CN200720127499U CN201106073Y CN 201106073 Y CN201106073 Y CN 201106073Y CN U2007201274998 U CNU2007201274998 U CN U2007201274998U CN 200720127499 U CN200720127499 U CN 200720127499U CN 201106073 Y CN201106073 Y CN 201106073Y
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China
Prior art keywords
cotton
seed cotton
gas channel
cleaning machine
impurity
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2007201274998U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈延华
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNU2007201274998U priority Critical patent/CN201106073Y/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seed cotton cleaning machine which relates to impurity removal equipment. A feeding device with air prevention performance, a heave impurity cleaning device, a light impurity cleaning device, a material discharging device with air prevention performance and an air channel are arranged on a frame. The heave impurity cleaning device is provided with a seed cotton conveying device; in the conveying process, heavy impurity is removed from the seed cotton; the light impurity cleaning device is provided with electrostatic equipment which can remove the light impurity from the seed cotton. The impurity removal equipment of the utility model overcomes the disadvantage that the existing cotton cleaning machine can only remove heavy impurities such as tatter leaves, cotton stalks, dust, sand particles, and gravels, etc., but can not remove light impurities such as hairs, short ropes, and feathers, etc., thus solving the problem that the heavy impurities and the light impurities can not be cleaned at the same time and simplifying cotton processing procedures.

Description

A kind of seed cotton cleaning machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to the descaling machine tool that grows cotton, and belongs to cotton processing, removal of impurities mechanical equipment technical field.
Background technology
Along with the develop rapidly of textile industry, the demand of cotton raw material is significantly improved, but because China's agricultural production is still very backward, domestic cotton is many plucks based on manual, and in the following quite a long time still based on hand picked cotton.Original unginned cotton is plucked in peasant household and unavoidablely in process and storage and the transportation is sneaked into a large amount of impurity, as cotton leaf, cotton stalk, linen thread, feather, hair, synthetic fiber and the grains of sand, blinding etc.How effectively to remove these impurity and be a difficult problem in the cotton processing.In long-term practice, the drum-type that released one after another on market seed cotton cleaning machine, defecation formula seed cotton cleaning machine and impact type seed cotton cleaning machine, the effect of these three kinds of equipment mainly is the broken leaf that is used for removing in the unginned cotton, cotton stalk, dust, the grains of sand, blinding, smoits such as part mote, and the big long non-plant fiber of part, but run into less non-plant fiber-like impurity such as hair, short rope, can not remove during feather etc., and be cut into broken section after these foreign fiber cotton ginning, after mixing with cotton fiber, cleaning is difficulty very, these foreign fibers have a strong impact on spinning, and easy coloring not during piece dyeing, stay time spot to cloth, thereby reduce the quality of cloth.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is exactly that a kind of seed cotton cleaning machine tool that can effectively remove the foreign fiber class impurity in the cotton when can remove light grey impurity in the unginned cotton, heavily assorted impurity again will be provided, and can dust not excessive, guarantees the workshop condition cleaning.
The utility model mainly closes wind apparatus by frame, charging, heavily assorted cleaning plant, wind apparatus and gas channel composition are closed in light assorted cleaning plant, discharging, the feed arrangement lower openings is connected with heavily assorted cleaning plant top, heavily assorted cleaning plant is connected by the air-flow air channel with light assorted cleaning plant, and gently assorted cleaning plant lower openings is closed wind apparatus with discharging and is connected.Heavily assorted cleaning plant is by the unginned cotton conveyer, wind deflector, heavily assorted case, sealing plate, the removal of impurities mouth is formed, unginned cotton conveyer one end connects charging and closes the wind apparatus outlet, the other end connects gas channel, wind deflector is installed in the junction of unginned cotton conveyer and gas channel, sealing plate, unginned cotton conveyer and gas channel surround and form waste-collecting cavity, heavily assorted upper box part connects the gas channel bottom, the bottom connects waste-collecting cavity, waste-collecting cavity's bottom opening forms the removal of impurities mouth, and the unginned cotton conveyer is an inclined ramp, and the inclined ramp base plate is that grizzly bar tiltedly drops down plate, the inner winding roller of installing of inclined ramp, winding roller are evenly to distribute on the roll shaft to be fixed with the thorn pin structure.Light assorted cleaning plant is a cavity body structure, open top connects exhaust outlet, and bottom one opening connects gas channel, and another opening connects discharging and closes wind apparatus, electrostatic generator is installed in inside cavity exhaust outlet below, and gas channel and cavity junction are equipped with air-flow and reconcile device.
Advantage of the present utility model is except that removing in the unginned cotton the light grey impurity, can also effectively remove non-plant fiber and impurity such as the bigger grains of sand of wherein hair, feather, synthetic fiber and proportion, blinding, greatly reduce labour intensity, smooth difficult obstruction of material, this device strength is applied as the negative pressure air draught and also can malleation dries, and can prevent effectively that dust is excessive.And this apparatus structure is simple, operation control easily.
Be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model
The specific embodiment
Unginned cotton is through material feeding box 1, charging wind stopping device 2, enter inclined ramp 3, three winding rollers 4 are installed in the inclined ramp, winding roller is evenly to distribute on the roll shaft to be fixed with the structure of caltrop, rotation is at a high speed done in its axle center in the drive lower edge of actuating unit, the high speed rotation of winding roller has played shredding unginned cotton on the one hand to the 19 feeding effects of air-flow air channel, another effect is exactly with the hair in the unginned cotton, linen thread, feather, long foreign fiber such as synthetic fiber enwinds, it is separated from unginned cotton, part heavy seeds in the while unginned cotton tiltedly drops down plate 5 through grizzly bar and falls into waste-collecting cavity 8, again by manually carrying out periodic cleaning.The foreign fiber that drops tiltedly drops down plate 5, triangle wind deflector 7, air-flow air channel 19, falls into heavily assorted case 9 and waste-collecting cavity 8 through inclined ramp 3, grizzly bar, and the impurity of the 10 pairs of discharges of removal of impurities mouth by the waste-collecting cavity bottom and heavy foreign material are by manually removing.Unginned cotton behind winding roller 4 shreddings and the longer foreign fiber of separation tiltedly is sent to intermediate cam wind deflector place, air-flow air channel along plate by inclined ramp and grizzly bar, the triangle wind deflector makes air-flow produce certain upwards floating velocity at its position to unginned cotton, and weight miscellaneous materials such as the bigger grains of sand of proportion, blinding fall into the case of heavily mixing by deadweight through the air-flow air channel.The effect of the gas of being bullied in air-flow air channel power makes progress the unginned cotton of suspended motion when arriving air-flow mediation board 15 and enter diffuser casing 16, because the effect of air-flow mediation board, make the speed of the air-flow generation high velocity air that increases sharply, the unginned cotton of suspension enters diffuser casing with the strength of high velocity air.During work, because diffuser casing is a big enclosure space, high velocity air spreads rapidly, and the active force of unginned cotton is significantly reduced, and unginned cotton falls under the effect of self gravitation and enters discharging wind stopping device 14 through feed box 13 discharge engine body exteriors.Simultaneously, air-flow in diffuser casing and the dust that can suspend and proportion is light than unginned cotton, undercoat is sent out, short and small foreign fiber silk or sheet etc., under the effect of air-flow strength, assemble to exhaust outlet 18 directions, because indoor being equipped with in static generating region 17 air-flows of exhaust outlet diffuse underneath suspends and the proportion dust light than unginned cotton, undercoat is sent out, the electron institute ionization that short and small foreign fiber silk or sheet are produced by the cathode bar 17-1 of static generating region, these ionization materials are concentrated to netted dust collecting electrode 17-2 rapidly under strength and electric field force double action, and be deposited on the wire side of netted dust collecting electrode 17-2, emit electric charge then, bring exhaust outlet into by the air-flow strength and discharge engine body exterior, whole machine body inside also is in negative pressure state, keeps the interior dust of body not excessive.

Claims (7)

1. seed cotton cleaning machine, it is characterized in that: be fixed with charging on the frame and close wind apparatus, heavily assorted cleaning plant, wind apparatus and gas channel are closed in light assorted cleaning plant, discharging, the feed arrangement lower openings is connected with heavily assorted cleaning plant top, heavily assorted cleaning plant is connected by the air-flow air channel with light assorted cleaning plant, and gently assorted cleaning plant lower openings is closed wind apparatus with discharging and is connected.
2. according to the described seed cotton cleaning machine of claim 1, it is characterized in that: heavily assorted cleaning plant is by unginned cotton conveyer, wind deflector (7), heavily assorted case (9), sealing plate (6), removal of impurities mouth (10) are formed, unginned cotton conveyer one end connects charging and closes the wind apparatus outlet, the other end connects gas channel, wind deflector is installed in the junction of unginned cotton conveyer and gas channel, sealing plate, unginned cotton conveyer and gas channel surround and form waste-collecting cavity (8), heavily assorted upper box part connects the gas channel bottom, the bottom connects waste-collecting cavity, and waste-collecting cavity's bottom opening forms the removal of impurities mouth.
3. seed cotton cleaning machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the unginned cotton conveyer can be an inclined ramp, and the inclined ramp base plate is that grizzly bar tiltedly drops down plate (5), the inner winding roller (4) of installing of inclined ramp.
4. seed cotton cleaning machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: winding roller is evenly to distribute on the roll shaft to be fixed with the thorn pin structure.
5. seed cotton cleaning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: gently assorted cleaning plant is a cavity body structure, open top connects exhaust outlet (18), bottom one opening connects gas channel, another opening connects discharging and closes wind apparatus, electrostatic generator (17) is installed in inside cavity exhaust outlet below, and gas channel and cavity junction are equipped with air-flow and reconcile device (15).
6. seed cotton cleaning machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: air flow regulator is a rotating adjustable plate.
7. seed cotton cleaning machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that: electrostatic generator is made up of cathode bar (17-1) and netted dust collecting electrode (17-2).
CNU2007201274998U 2007-08-15 2007-08-15 Seed cotton clearing machine Expired - Fee Related CN201106073Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201274998U CN201106073Y (en) 2007-08-15 2007-08-15 Seed cotton clearing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2007201274998U CN201106073Y (en) 2007-08-15 2007-08-15 Seed cotton clearing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201106073Y true CN201106073Y (en) 2008-08-27

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2007201274998U Expired - Fee Related CN201106073Y (en) 2007-08-15 2007-08-15 Seed cotton clearing machine

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CN (1) CN201106073Y (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101570905B (en) * 2008-11-28 2011-07-20 石河子大学 Seed cotton foreign fiber separator
CN102691138A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-09-26 石河子开发区天明农机制造有限公司 Heavy cotton impurity separation device
CN103331211A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-10-02 苏州市丹纺纺织研发有限公司 Electrostatic cotton separation structure
CN105862138A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 聊城大学 Cotton feeding equipment with seed cotton foreign fiber cleaning and impurity removing functions
CN106087072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine cotton picking cleaning plant and machine cotton picking conveyance conduit
CN108546999A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-18 石河子大学 Air-flow combines foreign fiber separating device with multistage cylinder electrostatic
CN110004525A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-12 湖北协利纺织有限公司 A kind of seed cotton cleaning machine
CN114687020A (en) * 2020-12-30 2022-07-01 苏州多道自动化科技有限公司 Impurity removing and carding system of rotor spinning machine AI based on impurity detection
CN115418727A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-12-02 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine-harvested cotton seed cotton foreign fiber cleaning device
CN115627544A (en) * 2022-11-13 2023-01-20 奎屯银力棉油机械有限公司 Static suspension type foreign fiber cleaning machine for seed cotton

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101570905B (en) * 2008-11-28 2011-07-20 石河子大学 Seed cotton foreign fiber separator
CN102691138A (en) * 2012-05-30 2012-09-26 石河子开发区天明农机制造有限公司 Heavy cotton impurity separation device
CN102691138B (en) * 2012-05-30 2014-10-22 石河子开发区天明农机制造有限公司 Heavy cotton impurity separation device
CN103331211A (en) * 2013-06-13 2013-10-02 苏州市丹纺纺织研发有限公司 Electrostatic cotton separation structure
CN105862138B (en) * 2016-04-28 2019-12-03 聊城大学 Flower feeding equipment with seed-cotton foreign-fibers cleaning and impurity removal function
CN105862138A (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-08-17 聊城大学 Cotton feeding equipment with seed cotton foreign fiber cleaning and impurity removing functions
CN106087072A (en) * 2016-08-12 2016-11-09 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine cotton picking cleaning plant and machine cotton picking conveyance conduit
CN108546999A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-09-18 石河子大学 Air-flow combines foreign fiber separating device with multistage cylinder electrostatic
CN110004525A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-12 湖北协利纺织有限公司 A kind of seed cotton cleaning machine
CN114687020A (en) * 2020-12-30 2022-07-01 苏州多道自动化科技有限公司 Impurity removing and carding system of rotor spinning machine AI based on impurity detection
CN114687020B (en) * 2020-12-30 2024-01-12 苏州多道自动化科技有限公司 Impurity detection-based impurity removal carding system of rotor spinning machine AI
CN115418727A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-12-02 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Machine-harvested cotton seed cotton foreign fiber cleaning device
CN115418727B (en) * 2022-08-26 2023-11-21 山东天鹅棉业机械股份有限公司 Cleaning device for foreign fibers of mechanically-picked cotton seeds
CN115627544A (en) * 2022-11-13 2023-01-20 奎屯银力棉油机械有限公司 Static suspension type foreign fiber cleaning machine for seed cotton
CN115627544B (en) * 2022-11-13 2023-07-21 奎屯银力棉油机械有限公司 Seed cotton electrostatic suspension type foreign fiber cleaning machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080827

Termination date: 20100815