CN1169453C - Granular shrimp feed - Google Patents

Granular shrimp feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1169453C
CN1169453C CNB021150672A CN02115067A CN1169453C CN 1169453 C CN1169453 C CN 1169453C CN B021150672 A CNB021150672 A CN B021150672A CN 02115067 A CN02115067 A CN 02115067A CN 1169453 C CN1169453 C CN 1169453C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
granular
weight
shrimp feed
feed
powder
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CNB021150672A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1375215A (en
Inventor
杜少波
胡超群
沈琪
任春华
张吕平
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中国科学院南海海洋研究所
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Priority to CNB021150672A priority Critical patent/CN1169453C/en
Publication of CN1375215A publication Critical patent/CN1375215A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to granular feed of parent shrimps, which comprises the following components by weight percentage: 3.0 to 28.0 wt % of squid visceral meal, 15.0 to 55.0 wt %of white fish meal, 1.0 to 10.0 wt % of shrimp bran powder, 10.0 to 25.0 wt % of flour, 10.0 to 45.0 wt % of additive especially used for granular feed of parent shrimps, 0.2 to 2.5 wt % of phospholipid, 2.0 to 8.0 wt % of fish oil, 0.5 to 3.0 wt % of vitamin mixture, 0.5 to 3.0 wt % of mineral salt mixture and 0.2 to 2.0 of calcium biphosphate. Chemotherapeutic agents, immune accelerant and hormone substancesn are added to the granular feed of parent shrimps, and the granular feed for parent shrimps is scientifically prepared. The granular feed of parent shrimps has the advantages of comprehensive nutrition, stable supply and convenient granule feeding. The granular feed of parent shrimps can enhance the reproductive capacity of parent shrimps, enhance the qualities of hatched larvae and overcome the disadvantages that the price of fresh bait is high, and fresh bait is easy to corrupt water qualities and can introduces pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, etc.

Description

Granular shrimp feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of granular shrimp feed.
Technical background
Shrimp culture is the pillar industry of China and even world's culture fishery.Especially in recent years with all introducing and popularizations of receiving prawn (Litopenaeusvannamei is commonly called as Penaeus Vannmei) and thin angle prawn fine quality such as (L.stylirostris are commonly called as blue prawn), make the shrimp culture industry of China obtain unprecedented development.Wherein, allly receive prawn and become the most important breed variety of China, its breed scale is still enlarging year by year.Yet seed sufficient, high-quality has become the bottleneck factor that the restriction shrimp culture industry develops in a healthy way, and the close shrimp healthy, that gonad development is good is the basic assurance of production high-quality seed.Because numerous and diverse and cost an arm and a leg from the overseas introduction program, total man worker's parent shrimp rearing has become the key link that prawn (especially all introduced varieties such as prawn, blue prawn of receiving) is cultured.
Nutrition is key factor in the parent shrimp rearing, determines gonad development and the fertility of close shrimp.Gonad development stage parent shrimp ovary need accumulate prescribing adequate nutrition material (protein, fat, vitamin etc.), otherwise egg mother cell atrophy and stasi can take place.So nutritional labeling bait improperly not only can reduce the fertility of close shrimp, even can stop breeding activity.For all prawn, thin open receptaculum seminis of angle this class tool of prawn received, the repeatedly ripe kind of also laying eggs continuously of sexual gland, because reach 6 to 7 months its breeding period, the nutriment that close shrimp is taken in during this directly determines the sexual gland accumulation of nutriment in rate of development, the ovum again, and then decision hatchling quality.At present, domestic parent shrimp rearing relies on fresh and alive or freezing bait such as clam worm, oyster, squid fully, along with to close shrimp nutrient research deeply and the continually developing of feed, the disadvantage of fresh food is more and more obvious: cost an arm and a leg, greatly increased the seed rearing cost; Easily ruin water quality, introduce pathogen such as bacterium, virus; But supply and quality with season, the place of production, kind fluctuation have greatly been brought very big inconvenience to production.
The content of invention
Purpose of the present invention costs an arm and a leg in order to overcome fresh food exactly, easily ruins water quality, introduces pathogen such as bacterium, virus; But supply and quality are with season, the place of production, kind fluctuation greatly, bring the shortcoming of very big inconvenience to production, provide that a kind of interpolation chemistry is treated agent, exempt from service promoter and hormone substance, scientific allocation, comprehensive nutrition, reliable in quality, supply is stable, throws something and feeds conveniently, can strengthen the fertility of close shrimp, improve the granular shrimp feed of hatchling quality.
The technical scheme of a kind of granular shrimp feed of wood invention is that it comprises: (weight %)
Squid viscera powder 3.0-28.0 phosphatidase 10 .2-2.5
White fish meal 15.0-55.0 fish oil 2.0-8.0
Shrimp chaff powder 1.0-10.0 vitamin mixtures 0.5-3.0
Flour 10.0-25.0 mineral salt mixture 0.5-3.0
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive 10.0-45.0 calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.2-2.0
Wherein,
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive prescription is: (weight portion)
Clam worm powder 5.0-40.0 sodium alginate 1.5-9.0
Ostreae testa pulverata 10.0-60.0 β-1,3 glucan 3.0-11.0
Cholesterol 0.3-3.6 VC 3.0-10.0
VE 0.1-0.6
(β-1,3 glucan is an immunopotentiator).
The vitamin mixtures prescription is: (weight portion)
Biotin 0.02-0.1 folic acid 0.05-0.24
Inositol 30.0-70.0 Choline Chloride 10.0-60.0
Nicotinic acid 0.01-0.12 VA 0.08-0.30
Calcium pantothenate 3.0-20.0 VD 30.09-0.40
VB 1 0.5-2.5 VK 3 0.10-1.0
VB 2 0.1-1.2 VB 12 0.01-0.02
VB 6 0.8-3.5
The mineral salt mixture prescription is: (weight portion)
MgSO 4 0.6-3.0 CuSO4 0.01-0.10
FeSO 4 1.0-4.5 CoCl 2 0.01-0.70
MnSO 4 0.1-0.3 Na 2SeO 3 0.0005-0.001
ZnSO 40.1-0.3 zeolite powder 991-998
(generally contain the crystallization water in the raw mineral materials, should remove moisture during calculating)
The preferred version of above-mentioned granular shrimp feed is (%):
Squid viscera powder 8.0-20.0 phosphatidase 10 .3-1.8
White fish meal 28.0-45.0 fish oil 3.0-7.0
Shrimp chaff powder 3.0-8.0 vitamin mixtures 1.0-2.0
Flour 15.0-20.0 mineral salt mixture 1.0-2.0
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive 15.0-35.0 calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1.5
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive prescription preferred version is: (weight portion)
Clam worm powder 15.0-35.0 sodium alginate 4.0-8.0
Ostreae testa pulverata 20.0-50.0 β-1,3 glucan 5.0-9.0
Cholesterol 1.0-3.0 VC 4.0-8.0
VE 0.3-0.5
Vitamin mixtures prescription preferred version is: (weight portion)
Biotin 0.04-0.08 folic acid 0.10-0.20
Inositol 40.0-60.0 Choline Chloride 30.0-50.0
Nicotinic acid 0.04-0.09 VA 0.10-0.24
Calcium pantothenate 10.0-17.0 VD 30.12-0.30
VB 1 0.7-1.5 VK 3 0.4-0.6
VB 2 0.4-1.0 VB 12 0.01-0.02
VB 6 1.2-2.5
Mineral salt mixture prescription preferred version is: (weight portion)
MgSO 4 1.0-2.0 CuSO4 0.03-0.06
FeSO 4 1.5-2.5 CoCl 2 0.02-0.05
MnSO 4 0.1-0.2 Na 2SeO 3 0.0007-0.001
ZnSO 40.1-0.2 zeolite powder 992-994
(generally contain the crystallization water in the raw mineral materials, should remove moisture during calculating)
Chemical agent in the above-mentioned material therefor or medicine are animal doctor's level.
Granular shrimp feed recited above is produced according to the prawn feed conventional production process.Wherein close shrimp feed additive special processing method for get fresh and alive clam worm earlier, the oyster of shelling, clean back flash baking under thermophilic, pulverize, cross 60 mesh sieves, the sealing low tempertaure storage adds other raw material then, mixing, sealing low tempertaure storage.Vitamin mixtures is that prescription each component material mixing is got final product.The processing of mineral salt mixture is that each component oven dry back pulverizing, 60-80 order are sieved, then mixing.This pellet particle diameter is preferably between the 1.8-3.0mm, and the feed of production is stored under cryogenic conditions with the plastic bag sealing packing.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect be to have added chemical treatment agent, exempt from service promoter and hormone substance, enforcement scientific allocation, comprehensive nutrition, supply is stable, particle is thrown something and fed conveniently, can strengthen the fertility of close shrimp, improve the hatchling quality, overcome fresh food and cost an arm and a leg, easily ruin water quality, introduce pathogen such as bacterium, virus; But supply and quality are big with season, the place of production, kind fluctuation, the shortcoming of making troubles to production.
Embodiment 1
Produce the granular shrimp feed specialist additive by following prescription:
Parts by weight of raw materials
Clam worm powder 24.7
Ostreae testa pulverata 50
Cholesterol 3.0
Sodium alginate 4.0
Immunopotentiating agent 8.0
VC 10.0
VE 0.3
Produce clam worm powder and ostreae testa pulverata by method recited above; By prescription with each raw material weigh, mixing, sealing, low temperature are preserved.
Produce vitamin mixtures by following prescription
Vitamin weight portion vitamin weight portion
Biotin 0.05 folic acid 0.12
Inositol 54.96 Choline Chlorides 32.0
Nicotinic acid 0.06 VA 0.15
Calcium pantothenate 8.0 VD 30.25
VB 1 1.4 VK 3 0.5
VB 2 0.5 VB 12 0.01
VB 6 2.0
Take by weighing various vitamins by content in the prescription, mixing seals standby.
By following prescription mineral salt mixture
Mineral salt weight portion mineral salt weight portion
MgSO 4 0.10 CuSO 4 0.004
FeSO 4 0.20 CoCl 2 0.003
MnSO 4 0.015 Na 2SeO 3 0.00008
ZnSO 40.015 zeolite powder 99.66292
Take by weighing various mineral salts by content in the prescription, pulverize the back mixing, sealing is preserved.
Produce granular shrimp feed by following prescription:
Raw material weight (%) raw material weight (%)
Squid viscera powder 12.0 phosphatidase 10 .5
White fish meal 38.0 fish oil 4.0
Shrimp chaff powder 6.0 vitamin mixtures 1.0
Flour 16.5 mineral salt mixtures 1.0
Parent shrimp feed additive special 20.0 calcium dihydrogen phosphates 1.0
Form by prescription, produce granular shrimp feed with the production technology of prawn feed routine.The feed particle diameter is 2.5mm, after 5 kilograms of small plastic bag sealing packing, is packaged in the packaging bag of specific close shrimp man-made feeds by 20 kilograms of every sacks again, and all feed low temperature are preserved.
Feed with this pellet and allly in the breeding to receive prawn, used fresh food (50% clam worm/50% oyster) during control group is thrown something and fed and produced.Through reproduction test in 35 days, experimental group (this artificial pellet of throwing something and feeding) is all to be received the female shrimp of the average every tail of prawn and lays eggs 0.0938 time every day; Average each egg laying amount is 142,000; The average incubation rate of embryonated egg is 65.8%; Nauplius to flea I larva survive ratio is 69.4%.Control group (fresh food of throwing something and feeding) is all to be received the female shrimp of the average every tail of prawn and lays eggs 0.0850 time every day; Average each egg laying amount is 125,600; The average incubation rate of embryonated egg is 56.7%; Nauplius to flea I larva survive ratio is 42.8%.
This result of the test proves: this granular shrimp feed is compared with fresh food (50% clam worm/50% oyster), can increase all fertilities of receiving prawn parent shrimp, and improve young quality.
Embodiment 2
Identical among the prescription of the granular shrimp feed specialist additive in the present embodiment, vitamin mixtures, mineral salt mixture and the embodiment 1, the prescription of granular shrimp feed is
Raw material weight (%) raw material weight (%)
Squid viscera powder 18 phosphatidase 11 .5
White fish meal 33 fish oil 6.0
Shrimp chaff powder 4.0 vitamin mixtures 1.5
Flour 19 mineral salt mixtures 1.5
Parent shrimp special feed adds
Agent 15 calcium dihydrogen phosphates 0.5
Production method is identical with example 1.
Embodiment 3
The prescription of granular shrimp feed is
Raw material weight (%) raw material weight (%)
Squid viscera powder 8.0 phosphatidase 10 .3
White fish meal 35.0 fish oil 3.5
Shrimp chaff powder 7.0 vitamin mixtures 1.2
Flour 13 mineral salt mixtures 1.2
Parent shrimp special feed adds
Agent 30 calcium dihydrogen phosphates 0.8
Other is identical with embodiment 2.
Embodiment 2 and 3 made granular shrimp feeds are used for all the feeding of prawn parent shrimp received, and can strengthen all fertilities of receiving prawn parent shrimp equally, and improve young quality.

Claims (5)

1. granular shrimp feed is characterized in that it comprises: by weight percentage,
Squid viscera powder 3.0-28.0 phosphatidase 10 .2-2.5
White fish meal 15.0-55.0 fish oil 2.0-8.0
Shrimp chaff powder 1.0-10.0 vitamin mixtures 0.5-3.0
Flour 10.0-25.0 mineral salt mixture 0.5-3.0
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive 10.0-45.0 calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.2-2.0
Wherein,
The granular shrimp feed specialist additive comprises following component: in weight portion,
Clam worm powder 5.0-40.0 sodium alginate 1.5-9.0
Ostreae testa pulverata 10.0-60.0 β-1,3 glucan 3.0-11.0
Cholesterol 0.3-3.6 VC 3.0-10.0
VE 0.1-0.6
Vitamin mixtures comprises following component: in weight portion,
Biotin 0.02-0.1 folic acid 0.05-0.24
Inositol 30.0-70.0 Choline Chloride 10.0-60.0
Nicotinic acid 0.01-0.12 VA 0.08-0.30
Calcium pantothenate 3.0-20.0 VD 30.09-0.40
VB 1 0.5-2.5 VK 3 0.10-1.0
VB 2 0.1-1.2 VB 12 0.01-0.02
VB 6 0.8-3.5
Mineral salt mixture comprises following component: in weight portion,
MgSO 4 0.6-3.0 CuSO4 0.01-0.10
FeSO 4 1.0-4.5 CoCl 2 0.01-0.70
MnSO 4 0.1-0.3 Na 2SeO 3 0.0005-0.001
ZnSO 40.1-0.3 zeolite powder 991-998.
2. according to a kind of granular shrimp feed described in the claim 1, it is characterized in that it comprises: by weight percentage,
Squid viscera powder 8.0-20.0 phosphatidase 10 .3-1.8
White fish meal 28.0-45.0 fish oil 3.0-7.0
Shrimp chaff powder 3.0-8.0 vitamin mixtures 1.0-2.0
Flour 15.0-20.0 mineral salt mixture 1.0-2.0
Granular shrimp feed specialist additive 15.0-35.0 calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5-1.5.
3. according to a kind of granular shrimp feed described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that the granular shrimp feed specialist additive comprises following component: in weight portion,
Clam worm powder 15.0-35.0 sodium alginate 4.0-8.0
Ostreae testa pulverata 20.0-50.0 β-1,3 glucan 5.0-9.0
Cholesterol 1.0-3.0 VC 4.0-8.0
VE 0.3-0.5。
4. according to a kind of granular shrimp feed described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that vitamin mixtures comprises following component: in weight portion,
Biotin 0.04-0.08 folic acid 0.10-0.20
Inositol 40.0-60.0 Choline Chloride 30.0-50.0
Nicotinic acid 0.04-0.09 VA 0.10-0.24
Calcium pantothenate 10.0-17.0 VD 30.12-0.30
VB 1 0.7-1.5 VK 3 0.4-0.6
VB 2 0.4-1.0 VB 12 0.01-0.02
VB 6 1.2-2.5。
5. according to a kind of granular shrimp feed described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that mineral salt mixture comprises following component: in weight portion,
MgSO 4 1.0-2.0 CuSO4 0.03-0.06
FeSO 4 1.5-2.5 CoCl 2 0.02-0.05
MnSO 4 0.1-0.2 Na 2SeO 3 0.0007-0.001
ZnSO 40.1-0.2 zeolite powder 992-994.
CNB021150672A 2002-04-12 2002-04-12 Granular shrimp feed CN1169453C (en)

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CN1169453C true CN1169453C (en) 2004-10-06

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CN100459876C (en) * 2006-05-09 2009-02-11 广东恒兴集团有限公司 An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps
CN101218960B (en) * 2007-11-16 2011-08-24 中山大学 Compound premix capable of improving content of Chinese idle muscle protein
CN101438771B (en) * 2008-12-26 2011-06-22 集美大学 Compound feed for shrimp and method for preparing the same
TWI398219B (en) * 2009-12-10 2013-06-11 Univ Nat Pingtung Sci & Tech A use of sodium alginate in promoting breeding ability of geneus penaeus
CN101828648A (en) * 2010-04-09 2010-09-15 广东海洋大学 Growth promoter for post larvae of litopenaeus vannamei
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CN102835549A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-12-26 广东海大集团股份有限公司 Compound feed special for penaeus monodon breeding season nutrient enrichment and preparation method thereof
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CN105581053A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-05-18 防城港市现代科技有限公司 Food calling and digestion helping feed pre-mixing agent formula for penaeus vannamei boone culture
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CN107568504A (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-01-12 宁德市南海水产科技有限公司 A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding
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CN108522894A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-14 广东粤海饲料集团股份有限公司 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock cultivation mixed feed
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