CN108771051A - A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed - Google Patents

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108771051A
CN108771051A CN201810936250.4A CN201810936250A CN108771051A CN 108771051 A CN108771051 A CN 108771051A CN 201810936250 A CN201810936250 A CN 201810936250A CN 108771051 A CN108771051 A CN 108771051A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
vitamin
powder
premix
methionine
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CN201810936250.4A
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Inventor
程开敏
郑石轩
李素莹
刘丽燕
张其华
郑丽明
程传龙
楚道英
桑勇
赵华林
王世英
胡蝶
孙宝宝
马学坤
朱学芝
姚春凤
刘建军
刘娟花
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GUANGDONG YUEHAI FEED GROUP CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG YUEHAI FEED GROUP CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201810936250.4A priority Critical patent/CN108771051A/en
Publication of CN108771051A publication Critical patent/CN108771051A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/105Aliphatic or alicyclic compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A23K20/147Polymeric derivatives, e.g. peptides or proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/153Nucleic acids; Hydrolysis products or derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/168Steroids
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/189Enzymes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/22Compounds of alkali metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/24Compounds of alkaline earth metals, e.g. magnesium
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/28Silicates, e.g. perlites, zeolites or bentonites
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstocks to breed special compound feed.The special compound feed includes the component of following weight percent:Full squid powder 20%~45%, peru fish meal 5%~20% scratch sufficient class dry powder 5%~15%, the molten powder 2%~5% of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 2%~8%, fly maggot powder 3%~10%, ostreae testa pulverata 5%~20%, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 1%~4%, ocean rhodotorula 1%~4%, alphalise starch 5%~20%, soybean lecithin 1%~3%, Squid Oil 1%~5%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~2%, compound premix 1%~3%.Special compound feed of the present invention is exclusively used in using during Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding, for meeting close shrimp in the required nutrition of breeding stage;By adding various ingredients, and it is mutually synergistic between various ingredients, the digestibility and utilization of Major Nutrient substance is not only facilitated, and be conducive to improve the immunocompetence and health status of prawn, improves sexual gland maturation quality, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate.

Description

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed
Technical field
The present invention relates to aquaculture feeds and raising technology field, more particularly, to a kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock Breed special compound feed.
Background technology
Litopenaeus vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei), is commonly called as Penaeus Vannmei, originates in the eurysalinity first in America Shell class, the kind is big with yield, dressing percentage is high, the features such as being easy to intensive culture and delicious meat and rapidly become aquatic products and support Grow the upstart of industry.In the latest 20 years, litopenaeus vannamei cultured output in China's occupies the first in the world, is blue agriculture economic industry The important force of development.Continuously foster shrimp quagmire in recent years, highlights the excellent shrimp seedling of litopenaeus vannamei and its parent shrimp rearing germplasm The great demand of resource is called with market., the seedling of cultivation not only of high cost from the national import parent shrimp such as U.S. was leaned in recent years Quality is also irregular, causes very big cultivation risk.How to cultivate high health larvae becomes the crucial system for solving prawn culturing About factor.
The nutrition supply cultivated during depending on close shrimp breeding and health control level of high health larvae, this is to determine parent The key factor of shrimp gonad development, Fertilized quality and hatching rate and young survival rate.Market cultivation common shrimp material used The related nutritionals such as protein, fat, the vitamin in the nutritional need in parent shrimp rearing stage, especially high quality source cannot be met Element.Domestic market cultivates nutrient source used in close shrimp, is directly fed with fresh foods such as squid, clam worm, oysters, these Not only price is high for bait, and the supply of quality shakiness is limited, specific nutrition and the cause of diseases such as functional requirement and easy to carry germ, virus Body is easy to ruin water quality growth germ during feeding, larger potential threat is brought to close shrimp aquaculture management and shrimp seed rearing.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstocks to breed special compound feed.The special cooperation is raised Material is exclusively used in using during Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding, for meeting close shrimp in the required nutrition of breeding stage.The present invention The special compound feed is not only digested and assimilated using sufficient class dry powder, full squid powder, ostreae testa pulverata is scratched as high-quality protein source, Attractant is good, be also rich in cholesterol, amino acid, unsaturated fatty acid, vitamin and microelement even unknown active factors etc. at Point, provide sufficient nutrient source for parent's shrimp sexual gland maturation;Meanwhile it also added spirulina powder, fly maggot powder, the molten powder of enzymolysis fish, enzyme Beer yeast powder, ocean rhodotorula etc. are solved rich in functional active components such as astaxanthin, antibacterial peptide, small peptide, nucleotide and glucans Component;In addition, protease, bacillus, emulsifier, yeast nucleotides, antibacterial peptide, vitamin C and E etc. are also added, it is more It is mutually synergistic between kind ingredient, the digestibility and utilization of Major Nutrient substance is not only facilitated, and be conducive to improve prawn Immunocompetence and health status improve sexual gland maturation quality, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate.
The above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by following scheme:
A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed, includes the component of following weight percent:Full squid powder 20%~45%, peru fish meal 5%~20%, scratch sufficient class dry powder 5%~15%, the molten powder 2%~5% of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 2%~8%, fly maggot powder 3%~10%, ostreae testa pulverata 5%~20%, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 1%~4%, ocean rhodotorula 1% ~4%, alphalise starch 5%~20%, soybean lecithin 1%~3%, Squid Oil 1%~5%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~2%, Compound premix 1%~3%;
The compound premix special includes complex vitamin premix and composite mineral matter premix;
The complex vitamin premix includes the component of following parts by weight:80~200 parts of vitamin A, vitamin D30~60 part, 300~1000 parts of vitamin E, 25~50 parts of Vitamin K3,0~80 part of vitamin B14, vitamin B2 30~ 70 parts, 50~90 parts of vitamin B6,10~30 parts of vitamin B12,60~90 parts of niacin, 30~90 parts of calcium pantothenate, folic acid 10~ 50 parts, 30~80 parts of biotin, 300~900 parts of inositol, 800~2000 parts of vitamin C ester, 100~500 parts of carnitine, β-Hu Luo 50~600 parts of Bu Su, 600~1000 parts of cholesterol, 200~500 parts of protease, 200~1000 parts of yeast nucleotides, lichens bud 500~1000 parts of spore bacillus, 200~500 parts of antioxidant, 200~1000 parts of chaff of uniting;
The composite mineral matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:1500~3000 parts of magnesium sulfate, methionine 60~200 parts of copper, 20~80 parts of cobalt methionine, 20~40 parts of Potassiumiodate, 120~300 parts of zinc methionine, manganese methionine 50~100 Part, 30~80 parts of selenium methionine, 300~1000 parts of Coating sodium butyrate, 200~500 parts of emulsifier, 500~1000 parts of glycine betaine, chlorine Change 3000~4000 parts of choline, 200~500 parts, β -1 of antibacterial peptide, 3 500~1000 parts of glucans, 1000~3000 parts of zeolite powder.
The present invention is directed to nutritional need of the Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock during breeding, has carried out feedstuff type and proportioning Research.Wherein, in order to supplement the abundant protein of type and content and lipid, present invention employs full squid powders, that is, include The full squid powder that whole squid of squid viscera is prepared.The present invention, which additionally uses, to be more prone to digest, absorbs and utilize Digest the molten powder of fish and enzymolysis beer yeast powder, the Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock of absorption and utilization so as to to(for) nutrition composition.
Preferably, the special compound feed includes the component of following weight percent:It is full squid powder 35%~40%, secret Shandong fish meal 10%~15% scratches sufficient class dry powder 7%~10%, the molten powder 2%~5% of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 2%~4%, fly maggot Powder 5%~8%, ostreae testa pulverata 12%~16%, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 2%~4%, ocean rhodotorula 2%~4%, alphalise starch 8% ~10%, soybean lecithin 1%~2%, Squid Oil 1%~2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~2%, compound premix 1%~2%.
Preferably, the special compound feed includes the component of following weight percent:Full squid powder 36%, peru fish meal 12%, sufficient class dry powder 8%, the molten powder 3% of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 2%, fly maggot powder 6%, ostreae testa pulverata 15%, enzymolysis beer ferment are scratched It is female powder 2%, ocean rhodotorula 2%, alphalise starch 9%, soybean lecithin 1%, Squid Oil 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%, compound Premix 1.5%.
Preferably, the complex vitamin premix includes complex vitamin premix described in the component of following parts by weight Include the component of following parts by weight:100~150 parts of vitamin A, 30~40 parts of vitamin D, vitamin E 500~700 Part, 40~50 parts of Vitamin K3,0~50 part of vitamin B14,40~50 parts of vitamin B2,50~60 parts of vitamin B6, vitamin B1210~15 part, 80~90 parts of niacin, 50~70 parts of calcium pantothenate, 15~20 parts of folic acid, 50~70 parts of biotin, inositol 300~ 500 parts, 1000~1300 parts of vitamin C ester, 150~200 parts of carnitine, 100~150 parts of beta carotene, cholesterol 600~800 Part, 200~300 parts of protease, 300~400 parts of yeast nucleotides, 500~600 parts of bacillus licheniformis, antioxidant 200~ 300 parts, 200~300 parts of chaff of uniting.
Preferably, the complex vitamin premix includes the component of following parts by weight:125 parts of vitamin A, dimension life 30 parts of plain D, 500 parts of vitamin E, 50 parts of Vitamin K3,5 parts of vitamin B14,45 parts of vitamin B2,50 parts of vitamin B6, dimension Raw B1210 parts of element, 80 parts of niacin, 55 parts of calcium pantothenate, 17 parts of folic acid, 60 parts of biotin, 400 parts of inositol, vitamin C ester 1150 Part, 150 parts of carnitine, 133 parts of beta carotene, 700 parts of cholesterol, 200 parts of protease, 300 parts of yeast nucleotides, lichens gemma 500 parts of bacillus, 200 parts of antioxidant, 200 parts of chaff of uniting.
Preferably, the composite mineral matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:The composite mineral matter premix Material includes the component of following parts by weight:1700~2000 parts of magnesium sulfate, 150~170 parts of copper methionine, cobalt methionine 50~60 Part, 20~30 parts of Potassiumiodate, 260~300 parts of zinc methionine, 60~80 parts of manganese methionine, 40~50 parts of selenium methionine, coating fourth 400~500 parts of sour sodium, 200~300 parts of emulsifier, 600~800 parts of glycine betaine, 3000~3500 parts of choline chloride, antibacterial peptide 400~500 parts, β -1,3 00~1000 part of Dextran 8s, 1000~1300 parts of zeolite powder.
Preferably, the composite mineral matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:1800 parts of magnesium sulfate, methionine 160 parts of copper, 55 parts of cobalt methionine, 20 parts of Potassiumiodate, 285 parts of zinc methionine, 80 parts of manganese methionine, 40 parts of selenium methionine, coating 400 parts of sodium butyrate, 200 parts of emulsifier, 800 parts of glycine betaine, 3500 parts of choline chloride, 460 parts, β -1 of antibacterial peptide, 3 glucans 900 Part, 1300 parts of zeolite powder.
Preferably, complex vitamin premix and the mass ratio of composite mineral matter premix are 1 in the compound premix:2.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
Special compound feed of the present invention is exclusively used in using during Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding, exists for meeting close shrimp The required nutrition of breeding stage.Wherein, using sufficient class dry powder, full squid powder, ostreae testa pulverata is scratched as high-quality protein source, not only disappear Change good absorbing, attractant is good, is also rich in cholesterol, amino acid, unsaturated fatty acid, vitamin and microelement even unknown activity The ingredients such as the factor provide sufficient nutrient source for parent's shrimp sexual gland maturation;Meanwhile it also added spirulina powder, fly maggot powder, enzymolysis fish Molten powder, enzymolysis beer yeast powder, ocean rhodotorula etc. are lived rich in functions such as astaxanthin, antibacterial peptide, small peptide, nucleotide and glucans The component of property ingredient;In addition, also added protease, bacillus, emulsifier, yeast nucleotides, antibacterial peptide, vitamin C and E Deng, it is mutually synergistic between Multiple components, the digestibility and utilization of Major Nutrient substance is not only facilitated, and be conducive to improvement pair The immunocompetence and health status of shrimp improve sexual gland maturation quality, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is made with reference to specific embodiment and further being elaborated, the embodiment is served only for explaining this Invention, is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Test method used in following embodiments is normal unless otherwise specified Rule method;Used material, reagent etc., unless otherwise specified, for the reagent and material commercially obtained.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed, includes the component of following weight:Full squid powder 360kg, Super peru fish meal 120kg, sufficient class dry powder 80kg, the molten powder 30kg of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 20kg, fly maggot powder 60kg, oyster are scratched Powder 150kg, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 20kg, ocean rhodotorula 20kg, alphalise starch 90kg, soybean lecithin 10kg, Squid Oil 10kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 15kg, compound premix 15kg;
Wherein, the addition mass percent of complex vitamin premix is 0.5%, includes the component of following parts by weight: Vitamin A 125g, vitamin D 30g, vitamin E 500g, Vitamin K3 50g, vitamin B14 5g, vitamin B2 45g, dimension Raw element B650g, vitamin B12 10g, niacin 80g, calcium pantothenate 55g, folic acid 17g, biotin 60g, inositol 400g, vitamin C ester 1150g, carnitine 150g, beta carotene 133g, cholesterol 700g, protease 200g, yeast nucleotides 300g, lichens gemma bar Bacterium 500g, antioxidant 200g, system chaff 200g;
The addition mass percent of composite mineral matter premix is 1%, includes the component of following parts by weight:Magnesium sulfate 1800g, copper methionine 160g, cobalt methionine 55g, Potassiumiodate 20g, zinc methionine 285g, manganese methionine 80g, selenium methionine 40g, Coating sodium butyrate 400g, emulsifier 200g, glycine betaine 800g, choline chloride 3500g, the antibacterial peptide glucan of 460g, β -1,3 900g, zeolite powder 1300g.
Above-mentioned Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to scale shrimp material production line operation technique and flow Prepared, first by full squid powder, super peru fish meal, scratch sufficient class dry powder, the molten powder of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder, fly maggot insect powder, Ostreae testa pulverata, enzymolysis beer yeast powder, ocean rhodotorula, alphalise starch, calcium dihydrogen phosphate, compound additive premix are launched to raw material Mixing bunker mixing, ultramicro grinding cross 80 mesh sieve;Then soybean lecithin and Squid Oil is added, then row is after mixing, by normal The prawn feed production line operation flow granulation production of rule breeds special compound feed to get Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock.
Embodiment 2
With reference to the preparation process in embodiment 1, multigroup compound premix is prepared, specific formula is shown in Table 1, in table 1 The dosage of all raw materials is configured according to the additive amount in prawn feed per ton.
1 Litoenaeus vannamei parent shrimp of table breeds special compound feed formula
Application examples
1, it is representative with embodiment 1, is A group feeds, tests its gonad development quality for Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock, friendship Situation is survived with rate, egg laying amount and the young.With feed+fresh food in embodiment 1 with quality for 1:1 is B group feeds, wherein Fresh food is by clam worm and squid with mass ratio for 3:1 composition.
Using fresh and alive bait as comparative example 1, it with mass ratio is 3 that fresh food, which is clam worm and squid,:1 composition, comparative example 2 are The close shrimp feed of the common commercial formulation pattern making in market, the specific formula of feed per ton are:Peru fish meal 550kg, krill Powder 80kg, it scallop body powder 130kg, alphalise starch 120kg, soybean lecithin 20kg, fish oil 70kg, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 15kg, answers Additive premix 15kg is closed, wherein compound additive premix is identical as the compound premix in embodiment 1.
Select the just primary Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock (weight 50g or so) of laying eggs, 10 tails of density/cubic meter, above-mentioned 4 kinds Feedstuff feeding management, 3 repetitions of each feed, fresh food are fed by the 30% of weight, feeds utilized to be converted by weight 3.5% It feeds.It is carried out according to corresponding parent shrimp rearing cultivation operational administrative flow during culture experiment, obtains experimental data such as 2 institute of table Show.
24 kinds of feeds of table survive gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount and the young of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock It influences
As can be known from Table 2, the close shrimp of A groups and B group feeds, gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount, fertilization are fed The hatching rate and young survival rate of ovum are significantly better than that normal diet and fresh food on the market.As it can be seen that of the present invention all Shore prawn breeding special compound feed of receiving can significantly improve the gonad development quality of close shrimp, and not only genital gland indices are higher, property Gland maturity interval time is shorter, and the mating rate to close shrimp, egg laying amount, the hatching rate of fertilized eggs and young survival rate are also apparent Better than normal diet and fresh food on the market.
It is compared from the result of A groups feed and B group feeds it is found that when numerous using Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock of the present invention When educating special compound feed and substituting general fresh food, to gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount and the young of close shrimp at It is living also to show improvement result, but accounting is less due to feeding, and effect is bright not as good as the improvements for all feeding A group feeds It is aobvious.When all feeding A group feeds, gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount, the hatching rate of fertilized eggs and the young of close shrimp Survival rate is best.
Compound premix special various ingredients of the present invention play synergistic function between each other, that is, use high-quality Proteinogen, a variety of growth activity factors, also there are many multi-vitamins and complex mineral nutrition, being integrated from many aspects improves It is all to receive anti-stress ability, intestinal health and the immunocompetence of ice prawn and the development quality of sexual gland, to not only shorten Interval time, sexual gland quality and the mating rate of close shrimp sexual gland maturation, and the egg laying amount for mating the parent shrimps rate, hatching rate and The also modification with conspicuousness of young survival rate.
2, with reference to above-mentioned experiment process, using A groups feed as test group, wherein the compound premix of comparative example is according in table 3 Formula configured.The feed for being wherein added to the compound premix preparation of comparative example 3~9 respectively is respectively C, D, E and F group Feed, in addition to compound premix difference, other components are the same as A group feeds.Separately not add answering for embodiment 1 in A group feeds Conjunction premix is blank feed.
The compound premix formulation of table 3 embodiment 1 and comparative example 3~9
Measure that the results are shown in Table 4.
Gonad development quality and breeding energy of the feed of 4 embodiment 1 of table and comparative example 3~9 for Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock Power test result
In comparative example 3~9, the compound premix special in comparative example 3,4 and 5 is identical as in embodiment 1, difference It is the protein sources, fat or the part functionalities ingredient that use, compared with normal diet on the market, close shrimp in comparative example 3~5 Gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate and normal diet it is close, without apparent poor It is different.It follows that when protein sources, fat or partial function in Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock of the present invention breeding special compound feed Property ingredient when lacking or is insufficient, development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and the young of close shrimp sexual gland are survived Rate is almost without improvement result.
Compound premix special in comparative example 6~8 is different from embodiment 1, remaining ingredient is same as Example 1, with city Normal diet on face is compared, the gonad development quality of close shrimp, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs in comparative example 6~8 It is slightly close better than normal diet with young survival rate, but difference is not notable.It follows that working as litopenaeus vannamei of the present invention When compound premix special ingredient lacks or is insufficient in close shrimp breeding special compound feed, the same development matter to close shrimp sexual gland Amount, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate are almost without improvement result.
Compound premix special in comparative example 9 is different from embodiment 1, remaining ingredient is same as Example 1, and on the market Normal diet compare, in comparative example 9 gonad development quality, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and the young of close shrimp at Motility rate is slightly close better than normal diet, but difference is not notable.It follows that when Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock of the present invention is bred When compound premix special ingredient lacks or is insufficient in special compound feed, equally to the development quality of close shrimp sexual gland, mating rate, Egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate are almost without improvement result.
And embodiment 1 feeds the Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock in embodiment 1 and breeds special cooperation feeding compared with comparative example 2~9 Material is apparent for the gonad development quality of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock, mating rate, egg laying amount, hatchability of fertile eggs and young survival rate Better than comparative example 2~9.It follows that in Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed of the present invention, Multiple components phase It is mutually synergistic between mutually, it interacts between proteinogen, fat, part functionalities ingredient and compound premix, changes simultaneously Kind parent shrimp to the digesting and assimilating of protein, improves parent's anti-stress ability, intestinal health and immunocompetence of shrimp and the development of sexual gland Quality, to not only shorten interval time, sexual gland quality and the mating rate of close shrimp sexual gland maturation, but also for mating the parent shrimps rate Egg laying amount, hatching rate and young survival rate also with conspicuousness modification.When lack one of which it is several or it is a kind of at Timesharing then can not preferably play the mutual synergistic function of ingredient, be unfavorable for the gonad development of close shrimp, so as to cause The length of ripe interval time of close shrimp, mating rate bottom, egg laying amount be less, the survival rate of fertilized eggs hatching rates and the young is relatively low, The economic value for reducing litopenaeus vannamei cultivation, is unfavorable for the development of litopenaeus vannamei aquaculture.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention rather than is protected to the present invention The limitation of shield range can also be made on the basis of above description and thinking for those of ordinary skill in the art Other various forms of variations or variation, there is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.It is all the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should be included in the protection of the claims in the present invention made by within spirit and principle Within the scope of.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed, which is characterized in that the special compound feed includes as follows The component of weight percent:Full squid powder 20%~45%, peru fish meal 5%~20% scratch sufficient class dry powder 5%~15%, enzymolysis fish Molten powder 2%~5%, spirulina powder 2%~8%, fly maggot powder 3%~10%, ostreae testa pulverata 5%~20%, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 1%~ 4%, ocean rhodotorula 1%~4%, alphalise starch 5%~20%, soybean lecithin 1%~3%, Squid Oil 1%~5%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0.5%~2%, compound premix 1%~3%;
The compound premix special includes complex vitamin premix and composite mineral matter premix;
The complex vitamin premix includes the component of following parts by weight:80~200 parts of vitamin A, vitamin D 30~ 60 parts, 300~1000 parts of vitamin E, 25~50 parts of Vitamin K3,40~80 parts of vitamin B1, vitamin B2 30~70 Part, 50~90 parts of vitamin B6,10~30 parts of vitamin B12,60~90 parts of niacin, 30~90 parts of calcium pantothenate, folic acid 10 ~50 parts, 30~80 parts of biotin, 300~900 parts of inositol, 800~2000 parts of vitamin C ester, 100~500 parts of carnitine, 50~600 parts of beta carotene, 600~1000 parts of cholesterol, 200~500 parts of protease, yeast nucleotides 200~1000 Part, 500~1000 parts of bacillus licheniformis, 200~500 parts of antioxidant, 200~1000 parts of chaff of uniting;
The composite mineral matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:1500~3000 parts of magnesium sulfate, copper methionine 60~200 parts, 20~80 parts of cobalt methionine, 20~40 parts of Potassiumiodate, 120~300 parts of zinc methionine, manganese methionine 50~ 100 parts, 30~80 parts of selenium methionine, 300~1000 parts of Coating sodium butyrate, 200~500 parts of emulsifier, glycine betaine 500~ 1000 parts, 3000~4000 parts of choline chloride, 200~500 parts, β -1 of antibacterial peptide, 3 500~1000 parts of glucans, zeolite powder 1000~3000 parts.
2. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the special cooperation Feed includes the component of following weight percent:Full squid powder 35%~40%, peru fish meal 10%~15% scratch sufficient class dry powder 7%~10%, the molten powder 2%~5% of enzymolysis fish, spirulina powder 2%~4%, fly maggot powder 5%~8%, ostreae testa pulverata 12%~16%, enzymolysis Beer yeast powder 2%~4%, ocean rhodotorula 2%~4%, alphalise starch 8%~10%, soybean lecithin 1%~2%, Squid Oil 1%~2%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1%~2%, compound premix 1%~2%.
3. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the special cooperation Feed includes the component of following weight percent:Full squid powder 36%, peru fish meal 12%, to scratch sufficient class dry powder 8%, enzymolysis fish molten Powder 3%, spirulina powder 2%, fly maggot powder 6%, ostreae testa pulverata 15%, enzymolysis beer yeast powder 2%, ocean rhodotorula 2%, alphalise starch 9%, soybean lecithin 1%, Squid Oil 1%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 1.5%, compound premix 1.5%.
4. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the compound dimension life Plain premix includes the component of following parts by weight:100~150 parts of vitamin A, 30~40 parts of vitamin D, vitamin E 500~700 parts, 40~50 parts of Vitamin K3,40~50 parts of vitamin B1,40~50 parts of vitamin B2, vitamin B6 50 ~60 parts, 10~15 parts of vitamin B12,80~90 parts of niacin, 50~70 parts of calcium pantothenate, 15~20 parts of folic acid, biotin 50~70 parts, 300~500 parts of inositol, 1000~1300 parts of vitamin C ester, 150~200 parts of carnitine, beta carotene 100 ~150 parts, 600~800 parts of cholesterol, 200~300 parts of protease, 300~400 parts of yeast nucleotides, lichens gemma bar 500~600 parts of bacterium, 200~300 parts of antioxidant, 200~300 parts of chaff of uniting.
5. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the compound dimension life Plain premix includes the component of following parts by weight:125 parts of vitamin A, 30 parts of vitamin D, 500 parts of vitamin E, dimension life 50 parts of plain K3,45 parts of vitamin B1,45 parts of vitamin B2,50 parts of vitamin B6,10 parts of vitamin B12,80 parts of niacin, 55 parts of calcium pantothenate, 17 parts of folic acid, 60 parts of biotin, 400 parts of inositol, 1150 parts of vitamin C ester, 150 parts of carnitine, β-Hu 133 parts of radish element, 700 parts of cholesterol, 200 parts of protease, 300 parts of yeast nucleotides, 500 parts of bacillus licheniformis resist 200 parts of oxidant, 200 parts of chaff of uniting.
6. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the complex mineral Matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:1700~2000 parts of magnesium sulfate, 150~170 parts of copper methionine, methionine 50~60 parts of cobalt, 20~30 parts of Potassiumiodate, 260~300 parts of zinc methionine, 60~80 parts of manganese methionine, selenium methionine 40 ~50 parts, 400~500 parts of Coating sodium butyrate, 200~300 parts of emulsifier, 600~800 parts of glycine betaine, choline chloride 3000~3500 parts, 400~500 parts, β -1 of antibacterial peptide, 3 00~1000 part of Dextran 8s, 1000~1300 parts of zeolite powder.
7. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the complex mineral Matter premix includes the component of following parts by weight:1800 parts of magnesium sulfate, 160 parts of copper methionine, 55 parts of cobalt methionine, iodine 20 parts of sour potassium, 285 parts of zinc methionine, 80 parts of manganese methionine, 40 parts of selenium methionine, 400 parts of Coating sodium butyrate, emulsifier 200 parts, 800 parts of glycine betaine, 3500 parts of choline chloride, 460 parts, β -1 of antibacterial peptide, 3 900 parts of glucans, zeolite powder 1300 Part.
8. Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeds special compound feed according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the compound premixing Complex vitamin premix and the mass ratio of composite mineral matter premix are 1 in material:2.
CN201810936250.4A 2018-08-16 2018-08-16 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed Pending CN108771051A (en)

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