CN107568504A - A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding - Google Patents

A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107568504A
CN107568504A CN201710798826.0A CN201710798826A CN107568504A CN 107568504 A CN107568504 A CN 107568504A CN 201710798826 A CN201710798826 A CN 201710798826A CN 107568504 A CN107568504 A CN 107568504A
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China
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shrimp
soft pellet
processing
pellet diet
sepiella maindroni
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CN201710798826.0A
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Inventor
彭立成
黄伟卿
周瑞发
谢友亮
单秀娟
周绍锋
谢长喜
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NINGDE NANHAI AQUATIC PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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NINGDE NANHAI AQUATIC PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710798826.0A priority Critical patent/CN107568504A/en
Publication of CN107568504A publication Critical patent/CN107568504A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding, it is related to Sepiella maindroni field of feed.Soft pellet diet of the present invention is formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 20 40% of crab class, fresh shrimp 2 5%, fish meal 50 75%, carragheen powder 1 5%, multidimensional 1 2%, swelling agent 1 2%, rice bran 2 4%, spirulina powder 0.1 0.5%.Make including weighing, mixing, sterilizing, six type processed, boiling and drying steps.Raising includes weighing, feeds and manage three steps.Inventive formulation is simple, and raw material sources are easy to mass produce, culturing time is not only increased relative to conventional feed in production line, and greatly reduce the death rate and white ovum rate, reduce aquaculture cost, improve economic benefit.

Description

A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding
Technical field
The present invention relates to Sepiella maindroni field of feed, more particularly to a kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet And preparation and method for breeding.
Background technology
Sepiella maindroni(Sepiella maindroni)Inkfish is commonly called as, belongs to Cephalopoda(Cephalopoda), Sepiida (Sepioidea), Sepiidae(Sepiidae), sepiella maindroni de Rochebrune category(Sepiella), it is mainly distributed on China Zhejiang and Fujian edge Sea, with large and small yellow croaker and hairtail and be referred to as " four big marine products ".Late 1970s, because overfishing and ecological environment are disliked Change, resource is endangered certainly in the 1990s, cuttlefish yield drastically declines by very big destruction.It is therefore, both domestic and external Artificial propagation of many scholars to Sepiella maindroni conducts a research, and starts from Japan and other countries earliest, but has no obvious progress, I Zhejiang Province of state proceeds by the 1980s, and realizes and break through in 2006, forms large-scale cultivation.Sepiella maindroni By the fast development of more than 10 years, though constantly being made a breakthrough in fields such as cultural techniques, supported in Sepiella maindroni Still not yet occurs Special artificial mixed feed on the market using fresh baits such as health shrimps during growing.Therefore cultivation season, cultivation scale And yield critical constraints, and aquaculture cost is higher, sometimes because the fresh baits such as health shrimp are insufficient or single, causes Man needleless black Crafty nutritional deficiency, cause the problems such as albefaction ovum is too high, cultivation survival rate declines and seed is slow-growing, seriously hamper Man without The sustainable development of Sepia andreana aquaculture industry.
Chinese patent ZL200810060118.8 discloses a kind of side with nursing sepiella maindroni with soft compound feed Method, can solve the single method of Sepiella maindroni bait, and the formula of this method is soft compound feed by basestocks 35- 65kg, white fish meal 10-50kg, microcrystalline cellulose 3-8kg, dextrin 5-30 kg, biological extract oil 3-6.5kg, are shaped as long rod Shape.Patent of the present invention can meet the needs of Sepiella maindroni growth substantially.But be formulated above, raw material sources are not extensive, no Easily buying, configuration process complex process, does not meet produced on-site demand.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding, mesh is overcome Preceding not yet to occur Special artificial mixed feed on the market, most raisers are fresh using health shrimp etc. in Sepiella maindroni breeding process Bait, exist cultivation season, cultivation scale and yield critical constraints, aquaculture cost it is higher, albefaction ovum is easily caused in breeding process The problems such as too high, cultivation survival rate declines and seed is slow-growing, seriously hampers holding for Sepiella maindroni aquaculture industry Supervention exhibition, soft compound feed raw material sources are not extensive disclosed in indivedual patents, are not easy to purchase, and do not meet produced on-site demand, push away The defects of wide property is not strong, there is provided one kind formula is simple, raw material sources in production line, be easy to mass produce, improve foster The time is grown, the death rate and white ovum rate is reduced, reduces aquaculture cost, the soft particle of the Sepiella maindroni increased economic efficiency is raised Material and preparation and method for breeding.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, the soft pellet diet are Formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 20-40% of crab class, fresh shrimp 2-5%, fish meal 50-75%, carragheen powder 1-5%, multidimensional 1-2%, swelling agent 1-2%, rice bran 2-4%, spirulina powder 0.1-0.5%.
Preferably, the soft pellet diet is formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, Shrimp, the processing fent 15% of crab class, fresh shrimp 5%, fish meal 75%, carragheen powder 1%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 1%, rice bran 2%, spiral shell Spirulina powder 0.1%.
Preferably, the soft pellet diet is formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, Shrimp, the processing fent 27% of crab class, fresh shrimp 3%, fish meal 60%, carragheen powder 3%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 3%, spiral shell Spirulina powder 0.25%.
Preferably, the soft pellet diet is formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, Shrimp, the processing fent 38% of crab class, fresh shrimp 2%, fish meal 50%, carragheen powder 2%, multidimensional 2%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 4%, spiral shell Spirulina powder 0.5%.
It is further preferred that the processing fent includes fish-skin, fish guts and the fish-bone of large yellow croaker, shrimp shell and crab shell.
It is further preferred that the fresh shrimp is Penaeus Vannmei.
The present invention another technical scheme be:A kind of preparation method of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, including with Lower step:
(1)Weigh:The large yellow croaker, shrimp, the processing fent of crab class of processing factory, fresh shrimp, fish meal, card are weighed by weight percentage Draw rubber powder end, multidimensional, swelling agent, rice bran, spirulina powder;
(2)Mix:By step(1)The fresh shrimp weighed carries out being broken into shrimp gruel, by the rotten addition leftover bits and pieces of shrimp, adds step(1) Fish meal, multidimensional, carragheen powder, swelling agent and the water weighed is stirred mixed homomixture;
(3)Sterilization:1 is pressed with alcohol:10-1:20 ratio admixes plant ash 5-20g and disinfectant is made, and disinfectant is sprayed on into step (2)Pass through the 5-20min times on the homomixture of gained, feed crude product must be sterilized by being rinsed well with water;
(4)Type processed:By step(3)The sterilization feed crude product of acquisition is poured into small in ends, middle wide special flap mould, is made Slabbing or flap;
(5)Boiling:Will be through step(4)The sheet or lobe of type processed are put into steam box, with 121 ° of temperature boiling, sterilization and cause Make to show to be soaked loose, and sprinkle spirulina powder on surface and obtain soft pellet diet first product;
(6)Drying:By step(5)Gained soft pellet diet first product carries out being dried to moisture content 1-2%, obtains soft of the present invention Grain feed.
Present invention also offers the method for breeding of above-mentioned Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, comprise the following steps:
(1)Weigh:The soft pellet diet of weighing is the 2-10% of cultivation Sepiella maindroni oeverall quality;
(2)Feed:Every morning 8:00 and afternoon 5:00 respectively feeds once;
(3)Management:Net cage and pond culture pattern do not need soil pick-up to change water, and cement is pool cultivated to remove bottom using siphonage daily Portion's excreta and residual bait, water 30-50% is changed daily.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of the invention is that:Inventive formulation is simple, and raw material sources are in production line, easily In large-scale production, culturing time is not only increased relative to conventional feed, and greatly reduces the death rate and white ovum rate, Aquaculture cost is reduced, improves economic benefit.
Embodiment
For the above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be become apparent, implement below especially exemplified by preferable Example, is described in detail as follows, and these embodiments are to illustrate rather than limit the present invention in any form:
Embodiment 1:A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, the soft pellet diet are by the original of following percentage by weight Material is process:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 15% of crab class, fresh shrimp 5%, fish meal 75%, OK a karaoke club rubber powder End 1%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 1%, rice bran 2%, spirulina powder 0.1%, the processing fent include the fish of large yellow croaker Skin, fish guts and fish-bone, shrimp shell and crab shell, fresh shrimp are Penaeus Vannmei.
The preparation method of above-mentioned Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, comprises the following steps:
(1)Weigh:The large yellow croaker, shrimp, the processing fent of crab class of processing factory, fresh shrimp, fish meal, card are weighed by weight percentage Draw rubber powder end, multidimensional, swelling agent, rice bran, spirulina powder;
(2)Mix:By step(1)The fresh shrimp weighed carries out being broken into shrimp gruel, by the rotten addition leftover bits and pieces of shrimp, adds step(1) Fish meal, multidimensional, carragheen powder, swelling agent and the water weighed is stirred mixed homomixture;
(3)Sterilization:1 is pressed with alcohol:10-1:20 ratio admixes plant ash 5-20g and disinfectant is made, and disinfectant is sprayed on into step (2)Pass through the 5-20min times on the homomixture of gained, feed crude product must be sterilized by being rinsed well with water;
(4)Type processed:By step(3)The sterilization feed crude product of acquisition is poured into small in ends, middle wide special flap mould, is made Slabbing or flap;
(5)Boiling:Will be through step(4)The sheet or lobe of type processed are put into steam box, with 121 ° of temperature boiling, sterilization and cause Make to show to be soaked loose, and sprinkle spirulina powder on surface and obtain soft pellet diet first product;
(6)Drying:By step(5)Gained soft pellet diet first product carries out being dried to moisture content 1-2%, obtains soft of the present invention Grain feed.
The method for breeding of above-mentioned Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, comprises the following steps:
(1)Weigh:The soft pellet diet of weighing is the 2-10% of cultivation Sepiella maindroni oeverall quality;
(2)Feed:Every morning 8:00 and afternoon 5:00 respectively feeds once;
(3)Management:Net cage and pond culture pattern do not need soil pick-up to change water, and cement is pool cultivated to remove bottom using siphonage daily Portion's excreta and residual bait, water 30-50% is changed daily.
Embodiment 2:A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, the soft pellet diet are by following percentage by weight Raw material processing forms:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 27% of crab class, fresh shrimp 3%, fish meal 60%, carragheen powder 3%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 3%, spirulina powder 0.25%, the processing fent includes fish-skin, the fish guts of large yellow croaker And fish-bone, shrimp shell and crab shell, the fresh shrimp are Penaeus Vannmei.
The preparation method and method for breeding of above-mentioned Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet are substantially the same manner as Example 1, different Sheet is made in soft pellet diet when part is to prepare.
Embodiment 3:A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, the soft pellet diet are by following percentage by weight Raw material processing forms:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 38% of crab class, fresh shrimp 2%, fish meal 50%, carragheen powder 2%, multidimensional 2%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 4%, spirulina powder 0.5%, the processing fent includes fish-skin, the fish guts of large yellow croaker And fish-bone, shrimp shell and crab shell, the fresh shrimp are Penaeus Vannmei.
The preparation method and method for breeding of above-mentioned Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet are substantially the same manner as Example 1, different Flap is made in soft pellet diet when part is to prepare.
Embodiment 4:There is patent ZL200810060118.8 to disclose in feed prepared by 1-3 of the embodiment of the present invention and fresh shrimp Feed carry out Contrast on effect.
1. feed formula culture efficiency is as shown in table 1 below:
Table 1:
Feed Average net gain/g Body weight increase rate/% Survival rate/% White ovum rate/% Cost reduction/%
Embodiment 1 9.47-15.91 25.87-39.78 58.9-90.1 0.3-1.2 10-20%
Embodiment 2 9.29-15.82 24.32-39.37 56.7-89.9 0.4-1.1 10-20%
Embodiment 3 9.31-15.78 24.55-39.82 54.8-88.6 1.2-2.1 10-20%
Fresh shrimp 8.52-14.89 23.67-38.94 43-78.9 2.3-3.2 0
Patent 200810060118.8 7.74-13.39 20.44-35.3 45-82.5 5-15%
From table 1, embodiment 1-3 average net gain is 9.29-15.91g, body weight increase rate 23.67-39.82%, into In 54.8-90.1%, white ovum rate feeds cost than reducing 10-20% with fresh shrimp completely, achieved motility rate between 0.3-2.1% Good culture efficiency.
2. influence of the diet shape to culture efficiency is as shown in table 2:
Table 2
Diet shape Survival rate/% Residual bait rate/%
Sheet 54.8-89.1 6-8
Flap 62.9-90.1 4-6
Fresh shrimp 43-78.9 7-10
Patent 200810060118.8 57.5-82.5
From table 2, using sheet survival rate, residual bait rate is in 6-8% for 54.8-89.1%;The survival rate of flap is in 62.9- 90.1, for residual bait rate between 4-6%, culture efficiency is good.
Technique according to the invention scheme and its description of preferred embodiment, any those skilled in the art, do not taking off From in the spirit and scope of the present invention, can make it is various it is possible it is equivalent change or replace, and all these changes or replacement The scope of the claims of the present invention should all be belonged to.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet, it is characterised in that the soft pellet diet is by following percentage by weight Raw material processing forms:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 20-40%, fresh shrimp 2-5%, fish meal 50-75% of crab class, card Draw rubber powder end 1-5%, multidimensional 1-2%, swelling agent 1-2%, rice bran 2-4%, spirulina powder 0.1-0.5%.
A kind of 2. Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the soft pellet diet It is to be formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 15% of crab class, fresh shrimp 5%, fish meal 75%, carragheen powder 1%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 1%, rice bran 2%, spirulina powder 0.1%.
A kind of 3. Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the soft pellet diet It is to be formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 27% of crab class, fresh shrimp 3%, fish meal 60%, carragheen powder 3%, multidimensional 1%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 3%, spirulina powder 0.25%.
A kind of 4. Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the soft pellet diet It is to be formed by the Raw material processing of following percentage by weight:The large yellow croaker of processing factory, shrimp, the processing fent 38% of crab class, fresh shrimp 2%, fish meal 50%, carragheen powder 2%, multidimensional 2%, swelling agent 2%, rice bran 4%, spirulina powder 0.5%.
5. according to a kind of any described Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diets of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the processing Leftover bits and pieces includes fish-skin, fish guts and the fish-bone of large yellow croaker, shrimp shell and crab shell.
6. according to a kind of any described Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diets of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that the fresh shrimp For Penaeus Vannmei.
7. according to a kind of preparation method of any described Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diets of claim 1-4, its feature exists In comprising the following steps:
Weigh:The large yellow croaker, shrimp, the processing fent of crab class of processing factory, fresh shrimp, fish meal, carragheen are weighed by weight percentage Powder, multidimensional, swelling agent, rice bran, spirulina powder;
Mix:By step(1)The fresh shrimp weighed carries out being broken into shrimp gruel, by the rotten addition leftover bits and pieces of shrimp, adds step(1)Weigh Fish meal, multidimensional, carragheen powder, swelling agent and water be stirred mixed homomixture;
(3)Sterilization:1 is pressed with alcohol:10-1:20 ratio admixes plant ash 5-20g and disinfectant is made, and disinfectant is sprayed on into step (2)Pass through the 5-20min times on the homomixture of gained, feed crude product must be sterilized by being rinsed well with water;
(4)Type processed:By step(3)The sterilization feed crude product of acquisition is poured into small in ends, middle wide special flap mould, is made Slabbing or flap;
(5)Boiling:Will be through step(4)The sheet or lobe of type processed are put into steam box, with 121 ° of temperature boiling, sterilization and cause Make to show to be soaked loose, and sprinkle spirulina powder on surface and obtain soft pellet diet first product;
(6)Drying:By step(5)Gained soft pellet diet first product carries out being dried to moisture content 1-2%, obtains soft of the present invention Grain feed.
8. according to a kind of method for breeding of any described Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diets of claim 1-4, its feature exists In comprising the following steps:
(1)Weigh:The soft pellet diet of weighing is the 2-10% of cultivation Sepiella maindroni oeverall quality;
(2)Feed:Every morning 8:00 and afternoon 5:00 respectively feeds once;
(3)Management:Net cage and pond culture pattern do not need soil pick-up to change water, and cement is pool cultivated to remove bottom using siphonage daily Portion's excreta and residual bait, water 30-50% is changed daily.
CN201710798826.0A 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of Sepiella maindroni soft pellet diet and preparation and method for breeding Pending CN107568504A (en)

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