CN100459876C - An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps - Google Patents

An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100459876C
CN100459876C CNB2006100353899A CN200610035389A CN100459876C CN 100459876 C CN100459876 C CN 100459876C CN B2006100353899 A CNB2006100353899 A CN B2006100353899A CN 200610035389 A CN200610035389 A CN 200610035389A CN 100459876 C CN100459876 C CN 100459876C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
powder
environment
litopenaeus vannamei
premix
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2006100353899A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1875747A (en
Inventor
陈丹
梁海鸥
刘兴旺
冯敏毅
董瑞娜
王华朗
李治国
黄智成
赵丽梅
Original Assignee
广东恒兴集团有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广东恒兴集团有限公司 filed Critical 广东恒兴集团有限公司
Priority to CNB2006100353899A priority Critical patent/CN100459876C/en
Publication of CN1875747A publication Critical patent/CN1875747A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100459876C publication Critical patent/CN100459876C/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention relates to a compound feed for Litopeneaus vannamei, which comprises (by weight percentage) Peru fish meal 30-38%, squid fish meal 25-32%, shrimp powder 0-10%, pig liver meal 4-8%, brewers' yeast 0-5%, clam worm powder 1-3%, alpha-starch 10-13%, fish oil 1-3%, liquid phosphatide 1-2%, monobasic potassium phosphate 1-2%, calcium lactate 1-2%, vitamin premixed material 1-2%, and mineral premixed material 1-2%.

Description

A kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp environment friendly compound feed
[affiliated technical field]
The present invention relates to a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp environment friendly compound feed, belong to the Chemical composition that invention field.
[background technology]
Nutrition is one of key factor of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp rearing, is determining gonad development and the reproductive trait of close shrimp.Currently mainly in prawn parent shrimp rearing process use fresh and alive or freezing natural bait (clam worm, squid, bivalve shellfish, shrimps etc.) as main close shrimp bait (list of references: Wouters R., G ó mez L., LavensP., et al.Feeding enriched Artemia biomass to Penaeus vannameibroodstocks:Its effect on reproductive performance and larval quality[J] .J.Shellfish Res., 1999,18 (2): 651-656.).The researcher who has adds nutrient reinforcer for shrimp in fresh food in the parent shrimp rearing process, report as Chinese patent CN1620895; Also there is minority manufacturing enterprise to use granular shrimp feed, reports as Chinese patent CN1375215.But fresh food costs an arm and a leg, and easily introduces cause of diseases such as virus, bacterium, and its quality with fluctuations such as season, the place of production, kinds greatly, had a strong impact on the quality of work of prawn parent shrimp rearing and prawn shrimp seedling.
[summary of the invention]
At the problem that fresh food exists, the objective of the invention is provides a kind of simple, balanced in nutrition, as to reduce water pollution mixed feed that disposes for the cultivation of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp.
The prescription of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low mixed feed of the present invention is: contain percentage by weight and be 30~38% peru fish meal, 25~32% squid digested tankages, 0~10% Shrimp powder, 4~8% pork liver powder, 0~5% brewer's yeast, 1~3% clam worm powder, 10~13%a-starch, 1~3% fish oil, 1~2% liquid phosphatide, 1~2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1~2% calcium lactate, 1~2% vitamin premix, 1~2% mineral substance premix.Wherein vitamin premix is according to containing VC 100~150g in every kilogram of premix, VA 2.5~3 * 107IU, VD 0.7~1 * 105IU, VE 7~9g, VK 0.2~0.3g, biotin 0.1~0.2g, folic acid 0.6~0.8g, inositol 20~25g, Choline Chloride 45~60g, nicotinic acid 1.5~2g, calcium pantothenate 3.0~4g, cholesterol 100~120g, astaxanthin 10~15g, saccharicter-penin 2.5~5g, the ratio of thin wheat skin 700g mixes.Mineral substance premix is according to containing MgSO in every kilogram of premix 47H 2O 50~61g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.1~0.2g, FeSO 47H 2O 20~30g, CoCl 26H 2O 0.5~0.7g, MnSO 4H 2O 1.5~2g, Na 2SeO 30.015~0.020g, ZnSO 4H 2O 1~2g, KI 0.01~0.02g, the ratio of zeolite powder 904g mixes.
The compound method of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp mixed feed of the present invention is: (1) gets raw material ready, then mixing and stirring by above-mentioned percentage by weight; (2) mixed raw materials is pulverized through micronizer, made all the components all can pass through the screen cloth of 200~320um; (3) then material is moved into modem, the steam that feeds 90~95 ℃ was modulated 5~10 minutes, pushed granulation then under 85~90 ℃ temperature; (4) under 80~85 ℃ of conditions, feed granules is dried; (5) cooling of the pellet after will drying back packing gets final product.
Added pork liver powder and clam worm powder in this feed formula, these two kinds of materials have good food calling effect to Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp, can improve the food ration of close shrimp.This feed formula adopts a-starch as the binding agent of feed good bond effect to be arranged, and reduces the use in sugared source, has improved the content of nutritional labelings such as albumen and fat; Adopt potassium dihydrogen phosphate and calcium lactate phosphorus source and calcium source as close shrimp; its absorption and utilization rate are all good than phosphorus source in the conventional prawn mixed feed and calcium source; therefore absorption and the utilization of close shrimp have been improved; thereby reduced the content of phosphorus in the prawn ight soil, the water quality of protection being cultured the pond has good effect.In vitamin premix, adopted astaxanthin and saccharicter-penin as its additive, can improve the immunity of close shrimp, pre-bacteriological protection and virus guarantee the survival rate of close shrimp to the invasion and attack of close shrimp, thereby have also guaranteed the health of the seedling of close shrimp hatching.In addition, astaxanthin is the additive that extracts from marine alga, with fat-soluble matching such as vitamin Es, can effectively promote the growth of close shrimp ovary.Therefore, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low environment friendly compound feed of the present invention has following advantage:
1, replaces conventional fresh food, use, solve fresh food source and quality problem of unstable in Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low relative shrimp overwintering phase and short gonad development phase.
2, promote close shrimp gonad development, improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp egg laying amount, egg hatching rate and seedling distortion ratio.
3, reduce the prawn ' s virus transmission of disease, guarantee the production of the healthy seedling of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.
4, good at water stability, easily digested and assimilated by close shrimp, reduce the nitrogen phosphorus of close shrimp in water body and drain, reduce the pollution of culture zone water body environment.
In sum, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp environment friendly compound feed can substitute the use of cultivating and urging gonad development phase fresh food at present at relative shrimp overwintering, indexs such as close shrimp egg laying amount, egg hatching rate are obviously improved, stop the propagation of pathogen such as bacterium, virus, reduce pollution the culture zone water body environment.
[specific embodiment]
Embodiment 1: the preparation method 1 of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low mixed feed
1, weighs up peru fish meal 30g, squid digested tankage 25g, Shrimp powder 5g, pork liver powder 4g, brewer's yeast 2g, clam worm powder 1g, a-starch 10g, fish oil 1g, liquid phosphatidase 11 g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH 2PO 4) 1g, calcium lactate 1g, vitamin premix 1g, mineral substance premix 1g, mix then and stirred 50 seconds, to mixing.The compound method of vitamin premix wherein: get VC 100g, VA 2.5 * 10 7IU, VD0.7 * 10 5IU, VE 7g, VK 0.2g, biotin 0.1g, folic acid 0.6g, inositol 20g, Choline Chloride 45g, nicotinic acid 1.5g, calcium pantothenate 3.0g, cholesterol 110g, astaxanthin 10g, saccharicter-penin 2.5g, the ratio of thin wheat skin 700g mixes.The compound method of mineral substance premix is: get MgSO 47H 2O 61g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.2g, FeSO 47H 2O 30g, CoCl 26H 2O 0.7g, MnSO 4H 2O 2g, Na 2SeO 30.020g, ZnSO 4H 2O 2g, KI 0.01g, zeolite powder 904g mixes.
2, above-mentioned mixed raw materials is pulverized through micronizer, made all the components all can be by the screen cloth of 200um.
3, then material is moved into modem, the steam that feeds 90 ℃ was modulated 10 minutes, pushed granulation then under 85 ℃ temperature.
4, under 80 ℃ of conditions, feed granules is dried.
5, the cooling of the pellet after will drying back packing.
Embodiment 2: the preparation method 2 of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low mixed feed
1, weighs up peru fish meal 38g, squid digested tankage 25g, Shrimp powder 5g, pork liver powder 4g, brewer's yeast 2g, clam worm powder 3g, a-starch 10g, fish oil 3g, liquid phosphatidase 12 g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4) 2g, calcium lactate 2g, vitamin premix 2g, mineral substance premix 2g, mix then and stirred 50 seconds, to mixing.The compound method of vitamin premix wherein: get VC 100g, VA 2.5 * 10 7IU, VD0.7 * 10 5IU, VE 9g, VK 0.3g, biotin 0.2g, folic acid 0.8g, inositol 25g, Choline Chloride 45g, nicotinic acid 1.5g, calcium pantothenate 3.0g, cholesterol 100g, astaxanthin 13g, saccharicter-penin 2.5g, the ratio of thin wheat skin 700g mixes.The compound method of mineral substance premix is: get MgSO 47H 2O 61g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.2g, FeSO 47H 2O 30g, CoCl 26H 2O 0.7g, MnSO 4H 2O 2g, Na 2SeO 30.020g, ZnSO 4H 2O 2g, KI 0.01g, zeolite powder 904g mixes.
2, mixed raw materials is pulverized through micronizer, made all the components all can be by the screen cloth of 320um.
3, then material is moved into modem, the steam that feeds 95 ℃ was modulated 5 minutes, pushed granulation then under 90 ℃ temperature.
4, under 85 ℃ of conditions, feed granules is dried.
5, the cooling of the pellet after will drying back packing.
Embodiment 3: the preparation method 3 of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low mixed feed
1, weighs up peru fish meal 35g, squid digested tankage 29g, Shrimp powder 8g, pork liver powder 6g, brewer's yeast 3g, clam worm powder 2g, a-starch 11g, fish oil 2g, liquid phosphatidase 12 g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH 2PO 4) 1.5g, calcium lactate 1.5g, vitamin premix 2g, mineral substance premix 2g, mix and stirred 60 seconds then, to mixing.The compound method of vitamin premix wherein: get VC 100g, VA 2.5 * 10 7IU, VD0.7 * 10 5IU, the ratio of VE 9g, VK 0.3g, biotin 0.1g, folic acid 0.6g, inositol 20g, Choline Chloride 60g, nicotinic acid 1.5g, calcium pantothenate 3.0g, cholesterol 100g, astaxanthin 10g, saccharicter-penin 2.5g, thin wheat skin 700g mixes.The compound method of mineral substance premix is: get MgSO 47H 2O 61g, CuSO 45H 2O 0.1g, FeSO 47H 2O 30g, CoCl 26H 2O 0.7g, MnSO 4H 2O 2g, Na 2SeO 30.015g, ZnSO 4H 2O 2g, KI 0.01g, mixes at zeolite powder 904g.
2, above-mentioned mixed raw materials is pulverized through micronizer, made all the components all can be by the screen cloth of 250um.
3, then material is moved into modem, the steam that feeds 90 ℃ was modulated 5 minutes, pushed granulation then under 85 ℃ temperature.
4, under 80 ℃ of conditions, feed granules is dried.
5, the cooling of the pellet after will drying back packing.
After using the feed of this method configuration to culture close shrimp, close shrimp egg laying amount generally about 270,000, egg hatching rate about 90%, the seedling distortion ratio can reach 50%, compares with freezing fresh food, and good substitution effect is arranged.

Claims (2)

1. Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent shrimp environment friendly compound feed, it is characterized in that: contain percentage by weight and be 30~38% peru fish meal, 25~32% squid digested tankages, 0~10% Shrimp powder, 4~8% pork liver powder, 0~5% brewer's yeast, 1~3% clam worm powder, 10~13%a-starch, 1~3% fish oil, 1~2% liquid phosphatide, 1~2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 1~2% calcium lactate, 1~2% vitamin premix, 1~2% mineral substance premix; Wherein, the compound method of vitamin premix is: get 100~150g VC by weight, 2.5~3 * 10 7IU VA, 0.7~1 * 10 5IU VD, 7~9g VE, 0.2~0.3g VK, 0.1~0.2g biotin, 0.6~0.8g folic acid, 20~25g inositol, 45~60g Choline Chloride, 1.5~2g nicotinic acid, 3.0~4g calcium pantothenate, 100~120g cholesterol, 10~15g astaxanthin, 2.5~5g saccharicter-penin, the thin wheat skin of 700g, mixing and stirring is mixed with the 1000g vitamin premix; The compound method of mineral substance premix is: get 50~61gMgSO by weight 47H 2O, 0.1~0.2g CuSO 45H 2O, 20~30g FeSO 47H 2O, 0.5~0.7g CoCl 26H 2O, 1.5~2g MnSO 4H 2O, 0.015~0.020g Na 2SeO 3, 1~2g ZnSO 4H 2O, 0.01~0.02g KI, the 904g zeolite powder, mixing and stirring is mixed with the 1000g mineral substance premix.
2. the preparation method of the described Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low parent of claim 1 a shrimp environment friendly compound feed is: (1) gets raw material ready by the described percentage by weight of claim 1, then mixing and stirring; (2) mixed raw materials is pulverized through micronizer, made all the components all can pass through the screen cloth of 200~320um; (3) material is moved into modem, the steam that feeds 90~95 ℃ was modulated 5~10 minutes, pushed granulation then under 85~90 ℃ temperature; (4) under 80~85 ℃ of conditions, feed granules is dried; (5) cooling of the pellet after will drying back packing.
CNB2006100353899A 2006-05-09 2006-05-09 An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps CN100459876C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100353899A CN100459876C (en) 2006-05-09 2006-05-09 An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100353899A CN100459876C (en) 2006-05-09 2006-05-09 An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1875747A CN1875747A (en) 2006-12-13
CN100459876C true CN100459876C (en) 2009-02-11

Family

ID=37508440

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2006100353899A CN100459876C (en) 2006-05-09 2006-05-09 An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN100459876C (en)

Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101438771B (en) * 2008-12-26 2011-06-22 集美大学 Compound feed for shrimp and method for preparing the same
CN101828648A (en) * 2010-04-09 2010-09-15 广东海洋大学 Growth promoter for post larvae of litopenaeus vannamei
CN101904454B (en) * 2010-08-24 2013-11-06 广西壮族自治区水产研究所 Bait for promoting mature of genital glands of parent shrimps of white shrimps in South America and preparation method thereof
CN102450485B (en) * 2010-11-02 2013-06-05 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN102835549A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-12-26 广东海大集团股份有限公司 Compound feed special for penaeus monodon breeding season nutrient enrichment and preparation method thereof
CN102845651B (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-08-21 广西粤海饲料有限公司 Litopenaeus vannamei firm-shell mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN103125772A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-06-05 浙江粤海饲料有限公司 Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof
CN103549118B (en) * 2013-10-20 2015-11-25 广东粤海饲料集团有限公司 Low salinity stocking Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low efficient and environment-friendly type mixed feed and preparation method thereof
CN104770600A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 烟台大乐饲料有限公司 Special penaeus orientalis functional biological feed in the thickness marking period
CN107466934A (en) * 2017-10-19 2017-12-15 孙振平 A kind of culture of Penaeus vannamei method
CN108402283A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-08-17 广东粤海饲料集团股份有限公司 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock premixing material for fodder compound additive and its application method
CN108522894A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-09-14 广东粤海饲料集团股份有限公司 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock cultivation mixed feed
CN108771051A (en) * 2018-08-16 2018-11-09 广东粤海饲料集团股份有限公司 A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei Broodstock breeding special compound feed
CN109123224A (en) * 2018-08-16 2019-01-04 广东粤海饲料集团股份有限公司 A kind of Litoenaeus vannamei parent shrimp breeding compound premix special

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1375215A (en) * 2002-04-12 2002-10-23 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Granular shrimp feed
CN1620895A (en) * 2004-12-10 2005-06-01 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Nutrient reinforcer for shrimp
CN1644080A (en) * 2005-01-13 2005-07-27 莱州明波水产有限公司 Special bait for solea
CN1739377A (en) * 2005-09-13 2006-03-01 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 Sex gland mature promoting feed additive for tigar prawn

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1375215A (en) * 2002-04-12 2002-10-23 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Granular shrimp feed
CN1620895A (en) * 2004-12-10 2005-06-01 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Nutrient reinforcer for shrimp
CN1644080A (en) * 2005-01-13 2005-07-27 莱州明波水产有限公司 Special bait for solea
CN1739377A (en) * 2005-09-13 2006-03-01 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 Sex gland mature promoting feed additive for tigar prawn

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1875747A (en) 2006-12-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103734519B (en) Method and product for producing forage immune enhancer by adopting soybean curb residue and orange peel
CN103385353B (en) Penaeus vannamei compound feed special for high salinity cultivation and preparation method of compound feed
CN102687810B (en) Compound feed for Scylla serrata and preparation method of same
CN103355491B (en) Alga immunopotentiation compound feed for litopenaeus vannamei
CN101904436B (en) Fish and shrimp polyculture compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN101999558B (en) Compound premix for pigs at different physiological stages
CN102178107B (en) Chitosan oligosaccharide laying hen feed and preparation and use method thereof
CN103798553B (en) Environment-friendly pig feed additive and preparation method thereof
CN103989024B (en) A kind of crab class feed
CN1327782C (en) Mirco algal food nutrient intensifying agent prescription and its preparing process
CN103494035B (en) A kind of chicken feed improving survival rate
CN103739399B (en) Multifunctional microorganism organic fish guano and preparation method thereof
CN101233904B (en) Fodder for cultivating river crab
CN102406092B (en) Granular feed for megalobrama amblycephala parent fish and preparation method thereof
CN103859155B (en) Containing the process for purification of profitable probliotics cassava feed
CN1965676B (en) Method for producing chicken feed additive for production of selenium and iodine enriched eggs
KR20060125455A (en) Cultivation for feeding a seas lug and method of manufacturing the same
CN102318760B (en) Sucking pig early weaning-post-weaning two-week compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN100581382C (en) Compound feed for juvenile white prawn and its preparation method
CN101380056A (en) Safe efficient environment protection type feedstuff
CN106376778A (en) Turbot fry starter feed formula
CN106212857B (en) Emulsified fat powder feed for livestock and poultry breeding and aquaculture and using various fermented traditional Chinese medicines as carriers, and preparation method and application thereof
CN103070292A (en) Method for producing microecological feed additives for livestocks by using agricultural and sideline products
CN102669410A (en) Health-care feed and preparation method thereof
CN103859237B (en) A kind of compound aquatic product micro-capsule open-mouthed bait and preparation method thereof and application

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Zhuhai Special Economic Zone Dahai Aquatic Product Feed Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Guangdong Hengxing Group Co., Ltd.

Contract record no.: 2011440000309

Denomination of invention: An environment friendly compound feed for Litopenaeus vannamei parent shrimps

Granted publication date: 20090211

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20061213

Record date: 20110407

EC01 Cancellation of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Zhuhai Special Economic Zone Dahai Aquatic Product Feed Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Guangdong Hengxing Group Co., Ltd.

Contract record no.: 2011440000309

Date of cancellation: 20120514

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20120820

Address after: Jin Kang Road, Mazhang District 524094 Guangdong city of Zhanjiang Province

Patentee after: Guangdong Evergreen Feed Industrial Co., Ltd.

Address before: Jin Kang Road, Mazhang District 524094 Guangdong city of Zhanjiang Province

Patentee before: Guangdong Hengxing Group Co., Ltd.

ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: GUANGDONG HENGXING FEED INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: GUANGDONG EVERGREEN GROUP CO., LTD.

Effective date: 20120820

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model