CN103125772A - Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103125772A
CN103125772A CN2013100781497A CN201310078149A CN103125772A CN 103125772 A CN103125772 A CN 103125772A CN 2013100781497 A CN2013100781497 A CN 2013100781497A CN 201310078149 A CN201310078149 A CN 201310078149A CN 103125772 A CN103125772 A CN 103125772A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
litopenaeus vannamei
vitamin
cobastab
complex
additive premix
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CN2013100781497A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程传龙
郑石轩
程开敏
张其华
朱学芝
李素莹
张建强
刘丽燕
刘建军
卢曦
赵鑫
张华军
郑丽明
刘仙钦
刘娟花
郑昌区
鄢朝
赵华林
楚道英
李小銮
蔡懋成
曹小华
黎春昶
唐毓林
康裕财
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浙江粤海饲料有限公司
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Priority to CN2013100781497A priority Critical patent/CN103125772A/en
Publication of CN103125772A publication Critical patent/CN103125772A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of aquaculture feeds for litopenaeus vannamei, and in particular relates to a litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and a preparation method of the litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix. The additive premix consists of multi-vitamins and composite mineral salts (based on the additive amount of feeds per ton). A plurality of special components are added, so that the symptom such as soft shell or failed shelling occurring in the process of shelling and fixing the shell of the litopenaeus vannamei can be effectively prevented. The additive amount of the additive premix in the litopenaeus vannamei feed accounts is 20 to 35kg, including 5 to 10kg of the vitamins, and 10 to 25kg of composite mineral salts. As the breeding test shown, the low-salinity additive premix for the litopenaeus vannamei can meet the demand of the litopenaeus vannamei to micronutrients in the shelling and shell changing period under the intensive cultivation mode, the breeding objects can grow quickly, the feed conversion rate is high, the immunity is improved, and the feed coefficient is 0.9 to 1.2.

Description

Solid shell additive premix of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture feedstuff, particularly the solid shell additive premix of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.

Background technology

Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low (Litopenaeus vannamei) originates in America.Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output accounts for more than 90% of China's prawn total output in recent years.According to statistics, Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low output accounts for more than 90% of China's prawn total output in recent years.Along with the continuous pursuit to output and the speed of growth, the growth question such as soft shell or shell be unsuccessful often can appear in Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low cultivation.The appearance of these growth question and existing breeding way and feed formula technology theory have important relationship.In pursuing the speed of growth, the mode that everybody usually uses sea water and fresh water alternately to inject impels Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to accelerate shell and growth.But the Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of this moment also can occur increasing or other variation to the requirement of vitamin (as vitamin C, vitamin E etc.) and mineral element (calcium Ca, phosphorus P etc.).And actual breeding process is told us, and conventional feed is many to be weighed result according to Growth of Litopenaeus vannamei whole process to the average of nutritional need and peak value and prepare, and can't satisfy the special growth period of this Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low to the demand of nutrition.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide the solid shell additive premix of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, it is applicable to prawn and sloughs off and change soft shell that shell occurs period or the situation such as shell is unsuccessful, has made up the deficiency of common prawn feed on this compounding technique.

The technical scheme taked of the present invention is for achieving the above object: the solid shell additive premix of this Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low is comprised of B B-complex class and complex mineral salt, and B B-complex is made (take the addition of feed per ton as radix) by the raw material of following weight ratio:

Vitamin A (20000IU/g) 40-60g vitamin D 3(400000IU/g) 20-40g vitamin e1 00-150g

Vitamin K 3The 30-60g Cobastab 1The 30-60g Cobastab 230-60g

Cobastab 6The 30-50g Cobastab 121-5g DL-calcium pantothenate 100-150g

Nicotinic acid 100-150g folic acid 5-10g inositol 150-200g

Biotin (2%) 1-5g vitamin C 1500-2000g astaxanthin 1000-1500g

Choline Chloride 1500-3000g withered grass brood cell bacterium 1000-1200g cholesterol 1000-1500g

Betaine 500-800g antioxidant 150-200g mould inhibitor 150-200g

Defatted rice bran 500-1500g;

The complex mineral salt is made (take the addition of feed per ton as radix) by the raw material of following weight ratio:

Cobalt methionine 1-3g cupric sulfate pentahydrate 30-60g ironic citrate 100-200g

Magnesium sulfate 2000-3000g Manganous sulfate monohydrate 20-25g KI 1-5g

Sodium selenite 0.5-1g Zinc sulfate monohydrate 100-150g sodium chloride 100-200g

Potassium sulfate 500-800g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000-1200g calcium lactate 1500-2000g

Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3000-5000g zeolite powder 500-1500g

In the solid shell additive premix of described a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, preferred each raw material weight of B B-complex class is than being (take the addition of feed per ton as radix):

Vitamin A (20000IU/g) 55g vitamin D 3(400000IU/g) 25g vitamin e1 10g

Vitamin K 3The 40g Cobastab 1The 55g Cobastab 242g

Cobastab 6The 30g Cobastab 123g DL-calcium pantothenate 120g

Nicotinic acid 130g folic acid 7g inositol 160g

Biotin (2%) 3g vitamin C 1500g astaxanthin 1000g

Choline Chloride (50%) 3000g withered grass brood cell bacterium 1000g cholesterol 1000g

Betaine 500g antioxidant 180g mould inhibitor 180g

Defatted rice bran 860g;

Preferred each raw material weight of complex mineral salt is than being (take the addition of feed per ton as radix):

Cobalt methionine 1.1g cupric sulfate pentahydrate 35.0g ironic citrate 180.0g

Magnesium sulfate 2400.0g Manganous sulfate monohydrate 22.0g KI 5.0g

Sodium selenite 0.6g Zinc sulfate monohydrate 120.0g sodium chloride 180.0g

Potassium sulfate 800.0g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000.0g calcium lactate 1500.0g

Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3000.0g zeolite powder 756.3g.

The solid shell additive premix of described a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, its occupation mode is 20-35 ㎏ (take the addition of feed per ton as benchmark) for addition in Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed, B B-complex class 5-10 ㎏ wherein, complex mineral salt 10-25 ㎏.

The solid shell additive premix of described a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low is prepared by following methods:

(1) accurately take each B B-complex class component;

(2) according to other components after first defatted rice bran, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;

(3) accurately take each complex mineral salt component;

(4) according to other components after first zeolite powder, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;

(5) according to operating position, can be with both independent packing marks, during use, according to weight ratio 1000 ㎏ of feed, B B-complex and complex mineral salt: 10 ㎏: the ratio of 10 ㎏ is added and is prepared;

(6) can be also 10 ㎏ by weight with the complex mineral salt with the B B-complex class: 10 ㎏ coordinate, and make the premix packing, then use with the premix of adding 20-30 ㎏ in feed for litopenaeus vannamei per ton.

The solid shell additive premix of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low provided by the invention is fully according to the demand of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low healthy growth to vitamin and mineral element, preferred various be easy to the material form that Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low utilizes (as, cobalt methionine, ironic citrate etc.).The interpolation of multiple related component has prevented effectively that Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low from sloughing off and has occurred soft shell in solid shell process or the symptom such as shell is unsuccessful.Being added with of astaxanthin, cholesterol helps Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and sloughs off and change the synthetic of the desired substances such as β-moulting hormone in shell; Being added with of bacillus subtilis helps Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and sloughs off and improve digestion power and Immunoresistance in solid shell process, increases survival rate; Being added with of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, calcium lactate helps slough off in Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low provides sufficient calcium and phosphorus ions when changing shell.

The results showed, the present invention has following advantage:

(1) it can effectively satisfy Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and sloughs off in solid shell process demand to each micro constitutent;

(2) effectively assist to reduce the symptoms such as Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low soft shell or shell be unsuccessful;

(3) each chemical species utilization rate is high, and Growth of Litopenaeus vannamei is fast, and the autoimmunity resistance is strong;

(4) this additive premix raw materials enjoy stable sources used, for a long time use safe and efficient, have no side effect.

The specific embodiment

(1) accurately take each B B-complex class component (take the addition of feed per ton as radix): vitamin A (20000IU/g) 55g, cholecalciferol (400000IU/g) 25g, vitamin e1 10g, prokeyvit 40g, pangamic acid 5g, vitamin B2 42g, vitamin B6 30g, cobalamin 3g, DL-calcium pantothenate 120g, nicotinic acid 130g, folic acid 7g, inositol 160g, biotin (2%) 3g, vitamin C 1500g, astaxanthin 1000g, Choline Chloride (50%) 3000g, withered grass brood cell bacterium 1000g, cholesterol 1000g, betaine 500g, antioxidant 180g, mould inhibitor 180g, defatted rice bran 860g,

(2) according to other components after first defatted rice bran, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;

(3) accurately take each complex mineral salt component (take the addition of feed per ton as radix): cobalt methionine 1.1g, cupric sulfate pentahydrate 35.0g, ironic citrate 180.0g, magnesium sulfate 2400.0g, Manganous sulfate monohydrate 22.0g, KI 5.0g, sodium selenite 0.6g, Zinc sulfate monohydrate 120.0g, sodium chloride 180.0g, potassium sulfate 800.0g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000.0g, calcium lactate 1500.0g, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3000.0g, zeolite powder 756.3g;

(4) according to other components after first zeolite powder, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;

(5) according to actual operating position, can be with both independent packing marks, during use, according to weight ratio 1000 ㎏ of feed, B B-complex and complex mineral salt: 10 ㎏: the ratio interpolation of 10 ㎏;

(6) can be also 10 ㎏ by weight with the complex mineral salt with the B B-complex class: 10 ㎏ coordinate, and make the premix packing, then use with the premix of adding 20-30 ㎏ in feed for litopenaeus vannamei per ton.

Prove by actual culture experiment, the solid shell additive premix of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low of the present invention, can satisfy Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low and slough off under the intensive culture pattern and change shell period to the demand of vitamins or each component of mineral element class, reduce the symptoms such as soft shell or shell be unsuccessful more than 90%.The growth of cultivation object is rapid, and feed conversion rate is high, and immunity strengthens, feed coefficient 0.9-1.2.

Claims (4)

1. the solid shell additive premix of an Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, is characterized in that it is comprised of B B-complex class and complex mineral salt, and the B B-complex class is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, take the additive capacity of feed per ton as radix:
Vitamin A (20000IU/g) 40-60g vitamin D 3(400000IU/g) 20-40g vitamin e1 00-1500g
Vitamin K 3The 30-60g Cobastab 1The 30-60g Cobastab 230-60g
Cobastab 6The 30-50g Cobastab 121-5g DL-calcium pantothenate 100-150g
Nicotinic acid 100-150g folic acid 5-10g inositol 150-200g
Biotin (2%) 1-5g vitamin C 1500-2000g astaxanthin 1000-1500g
Choline Chloride 1500-3000g withered grass brood cell bacterium 1000-1200g cholesterol 1000-1500g
Betaine 500-800g antioxidant 150-200g mould inhibitor 150-200g
Defatted rice bran 500-1500g;
The complex mineral salt is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, take the addition of feed per ton as radix:
Cobalt methionine 1-3g cupric sulfate pentahydrate 30-60g ironic citrate 100-200g
Magnesium sulfate 2000-3000g Manganous sulfate monohydrate 20-25g KI 1-5g
Sodium selenite 0.5-1g Zinc sulfate monohydrate 100-150g sodium chloride 100-200g
Potassium sulfate 800.0g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000.0g calcium lactate 1500.0g
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3000-5000g zeolite powder 500-1500g.
2. the solid shell additive premix of a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low according to claim 1, is characterized in that each raw material weight ratio of described B B-complex class is, take the addition of feed per ton as radix:
Vitamin A (20000IU/g) 55g vitamin D 3(400000IU/g) 25g vitamin e1 10g
Vitamin K 3The 40g Cobastab 1The 55g Cobastab 242g
Cobastab 6The 30g Cobastab 123g DL-calcium pantothenate 120g
Nicotinic acid 130g folic acid 7g inositol 160g
Biotin (2%) 3g vitamin C 1500g astaxanthin 1000g
Choline Chloride (50%) 3000g withered grass brood cell bacterium 1000g cholesterol 1000g
Betaine 500g antioxidant 180g mould inhibitor 180g
Defatted rice bran 860g;
Each raw material weight ratio of complex mineral salt is, take the addition of feed per ton as radix:
Cobalt methionine 1.1g cupric sulfate pentahydrate 35.0g ironic citrate 180.0g
Magnesium sulfate 2400.0g Manganous sulfate monohydrate 22.0g KI 5.0g
Sodium selenite 0.6g Zinc sulfate monohydrate 120.0g sodium chloride 180.0g
Potassium sulfate 800.0g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000.0g calcium lactate 1500.0g
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 3000.0g zeolite powder 756.3g.
3. according to claim 1 with 2 described a kind of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low are consolidated the shell additive premix, it is characterized in that the solid shell additive premix of described Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, take the addition of feed per ton as benchmark, addition in Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed is 15-35 ㎏, wherein B B-complex class 5-10 ㎏, complex mineral salt 10-25 ㎏.
4. the preparation method of the solid shell additive premix of an Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that it is prepared by following methods:
(1) accurately take each B B-complex class component;
(2) according to other components after first defatted rice bran, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;
(3) accurately take each complex mineral salt component;
(4) according to other components after first zeolite powder, after first small powder, the mode of aniseed drops into mixer with each component, mixes;
(5) according to operating position, with both independent packing marks, during use, according to weight ratio 1000 ㎏ of feed, B B-complex and complex mineral salt: 10 ㎏: the ratio of 10 ㎏ is added and is prepared.
CN2013100781497A 2013-03-12 2013-03-12 Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof CN103125772A (en)

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CN103549142A (en) * 2013-10-20 2014-02-05 湛江粤海预混料科技有限公司 Additive premix for mixed culture of Litopenaeus vannamei and Siganus oramin and preparation method of additive premix
CN104472906A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-01 浙江群大饲料有限公司 Feed additive premix for preventing soft shell disease of macrobrachium rosenbergii
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CN106616065A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-10 浙江粤海饲料有限公司 Additive capable of enhancing non-specific immunity function of macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN106819399A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-06-13 广东海洋大学 The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103549142A (en) * 2013-10-20 2014-02-05 湛江粤海预混料科技有限公司 Additive premix for mixed culture of Litopenaeus vannamei and Siganus oramin and preparation method of additive premix
CN104472906A (en) * 2014-11-26 2015-04-01 浙江群大饲料有限公司 Feed additive premix for preventing soft shell disease of macrobrachium rosenbergii
JP2016199502A (en) * 2015-04-10 2016-12-01 松下工業株式会社 Ecdysis promoting composition for reptiles
CN106616065A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-10 浙江粤海饲料有限公司 Additive capable of enhancing non-specific immunity function of macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN106819399A (en) * 2017-03-08 2017-06-13 广东海洋大学 The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation

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Application publication date: 20130605