CN101181013B - Universal feedstuff additive for sea water fish - Google Patents

Universal feedstuff additive for sea water fish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101181013B
CN101181013B CN2007100314780A CN200710031478A CN101181013B CN 101181013 B CN101181013 B CN 101181013B CN 2007100314780 A CN2007100314780 A CN 2007100314780A CN 200710031478 A CN200710031478 A CN 200710031478A CN 101181013 B CN101181013 B CN 101181013B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vitamin
additive
marine fish
class
marine
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CN2007100314780A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101181013A (en
Inventor
张璐
郑石轩
程开敏
张其华
马学昆
吴玉刚
朱学芝
刘贤敏
刘建军
董爱华
齐雪娟
胡进
邓田芳
蔡懋成
彭卫正
黄波
文晓丽
徐焕新
袁晓波
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广东粤海饲料集团有限公司
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Priority to CN2007100314780A priority Critical patent/CN101181013B/en
Publication of CN101181013A publication Critical patent/CN101181013A/en
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Publication of CN101181013B publication Critical patent/CN101181013B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a universal marine fish foodstuff additive, and the adding weight scope of the marine fish foodstuff additive in one ton of marine fish compound foodstuff is 20 to 30kg. Regarding to the practical operation necessity and the physicochemical characteristics of various nutrients of the additive, the additive is divided into two main types during the preparation process, i.e., complex vitamin and complex trace element, which can be prepared respectively. Long term of cultivation experiments on such marine fishes as weever, large yellow croaker, American red fish, Sparidae fishes, and trachinotus ovatus, rud and cobia prove that: the marine fish foodstuff additive has complete nutrients, can satisfy all nutrients demands of various marine fishes cultivated in high density, and can be safely and high effectively used for a long time without toxic and side effects; and the cultivated objects can rapidly grow and has high foodstuff conversion rate and good cultivation efficiency. Furthermore, the compound foodstuff can intensify the immunity and anti-stress ability of fishes and endow them with good vitality, vivid body color and high survival rate; compared withmarine fishes cultivated by other foodstuffs, the excretion rate of nitrogen and phosphorous of the marine fishes cultivated by the compound foodstuffs is lowered effectively, which causes smaller contamination to the cultivation water body.

Description

A kind of universal marine fish feed additive

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of aquaculture feed additive, particularly a kind of universal marine fish feed additive.

Background technology

China is the No.1 big country of world's aquaculture, also is the country that unique in the world cultured output surpasses fishery output, and aquaculture occupies considerable status in national economy.In recent years, China's aquaculture cause is flourish, especially is that the 4th aquaculture tide of representative is in the ascendant with the marine fish culture.Yet, because the international at present research with domestic relevant seawater fish nutrition especially vitamin and trace element is abundant inadequately, its additive is mostly with reference to other close aquaculture kind or decide by rule of thumb, cause the general feed coefficient of present marine fish feed higher, aquaculture cost is high, and the breeding feed cost may be higher than its market price when seawater fish price glides; Simultaneously, because the additive improper use, nitrogen, phosphorus discharging excessive in the feed make breeding water body seriously polluted; Because the high density intensive culture, immunity function of seawater fish and anti-stress ability descend, and the breed survival rate is not high; Add the practical difficulty in the various in style and production operation of present marine fish culture, be difficult to seawater fish design additive formulations in a short time at every kind of breed.This kind situation has seriously hindered further developing of marine fish culture industry.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is provides a kind of universal marine fish feed additive in order to remedy the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art.

To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is this marine fish feed additive, form by B B-complex class and composite trace element class, wherein:

The B B-complex class is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:

Vitamin A 400-900 ten thousand IU 8-18g calciferol 00-400 ten thousand IU 4-8g

Vitamin E 70-150g prokeyvit 5-20g vitamin B1 15-30g

Vitamin B2 10-20g vitamin B6 10-30g cobalamin 0.05-0.1g

Nicotinic acid 30-80g calcium pantothenate 30-70g folic acid 2-5g

Biotin 0.1-0.4g inositol 80-200g vitamin C 150-500g

Carnitine 150-400g antioxidant 150-300g mould inhibitor 500-1000g

Probiotics 1000-2000g immune polysaccharide 1000-2000g phagostimulant 1000-3000g

A 3 αPeptide glycan 300-800g phytase 100-400g non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 400-800

Saccharicter-penin 1000-2000g system chaff 1000-2000g.

The composite trace element class is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:

Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5000-15000g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000-5000g magnesium sulfate 3000-6000g

Cupric glycinate 30-100g cobalt methionine 10-20g Potassiumiodate 10-20g

Zinc methionine 100-200g glycine manganese 50-100g ferrous sulfate 100-200

Sodium selenite 30-100g Choline Chloride 3000-5000g zeolite powder 500-3000g.

Each raw material weight ratio of described B B-complex class is, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:

Vitamin A 8,000,000 IU 16g VD4s 000,000 IU 8g vitamin E 120g

Prokeyvit 12g vitamin B1 20g vitamin B2 16g vitamin B6 18g

Cobalamin 0.1g nicotinic acid 60g calcium pantothenate 50g folic acid 4g

Biotin 0.2g inositol 120g vitamin C 350g carnitine 220g

Antioxidant 200g mould inhibitor 1000g probiotics 1000g immune polysaccharide 1000g

Phagostimulant 1500g A 3 αPeptide glycan 500g phytase 400g non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 800g

Saccharicter-penin 1600g system chaff 985.7g;

Each raw material weight ratio of described composite trace element class is, is benchmark with the tret of feed per ton, in pure product:

Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 8000g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2000g magnesium sulfate 4000g cupric glycinate 50g

Cobalt methionine 12g Potassiumiodate 16g zinc methionine 150g glycine manganese 80g

Ferrous sulfate 150g sodium selenate 40g Choline Chloride 3000g zeolite powder 2502g.

Described marine fish feed additive is a benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, and additive is 20~30kg at the addition of marine fish feed, B B-complex class 5~10kg wherein, composite trace element class 15~20kg.

Advantage of the present invention: (1) this marine fish feed additive raw material steady sources, comprehensive nutrition can satisfy whole nutritional needs of multiple seawater fish high-density breeding; Long-term safe in utilization efficient, have no side effect, culture the object growth rapidly, the feed conversion rate height, culture benefit is better.(2) this marine fish feed additive vitamin and trace element are prepared respectively, help the relatively stable protection of physicochemical property between each nutrient, the biological value height.(3) this marine fish feed additive can significantly strengthen the immunity function and the anti-stress ability of culturing object, and the seawater fish vigor of breed is good, and body colour is bright-coloured, the survival rate height.(4) can effectively reduce and culture the pollution of nitrogen in the object excreta, phosphorus breeding water body.

The specific embodiment

This universal marine fish feed additive preparation is carried out in two steps, be that B B-complex class and composite trace element class are prepared respectively, the B B-complex class is formulated as follows, and it is that addition in feed per ton is benchmark (with pure product): accurately take by weighing system chaff 985.7g, vitamin A 8,000,000 IU 16g, VD4 000,000 IU 8g, vitamin E 120g, prokeyvit 12g, vitamin B1 20g, vitamin B2 16g, vitamin B6 18g, cobalamin 0.1g, nicotinic acid 60g, calcium pantothenate 50g, folic acid 4g, biotin 0.2g, inositol 120g, vitamin C 350g, carnitine 220g antioxidant 200g, mould inhibitor 1000g, probiotics 1000g, immune polysaccharide 1000g, phagostimulant 1500g, A 3aPeptide glycan 500g, phytase 400g, non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 800g, saccharicter-penin 1600g; Material is to put the system chaff earlier in proper order, adds above-mentioned other raw material then successively, mixes back packing mark.Wherein antioxidant adopts ethoxyquinoline; Mould inhibitor adopts calcium propionate; Probiotics adopts shrimp happy 333; Immune polysaccharide adopts β-1,3 glucan; Phagostimulant adopts DMPT.

The composite trace element class is formulated as follows, and it is that addition in feed per ton is benchmark (with pure product): accurately take by weighing zeolite powder 2502g, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 8000g, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2000g, magnesium sulfate 4000g, cupric glycinate 50g, cobalt methionine 12g, Potassiumiodate 16g, zinc methionine 150g, glycine manganese 80g, ferrous sulfate 150g, sodium selenite 40g, Choline Chloride 3000g; Charging sequence is to put zeolite powder earlier, adds above-mentioned other raw material then successively, mixes back packing mark.

For ease of storage, B B-complex class and composite trace element class are in 10kg: the 20kg ratio is mixed and made into premix material additive, is marine fish feed additive of the present invention, and the addition of this product in feed per ton is 30 kilograms.Marine fish feed additive of the present invention is universal, can be used as the additive of the feed of culturing perch, large yellow croaker, U.S. snapper, sparid class, egg-shaped pompano, grouper and cobio etc.

Through proving at long-term culture experiments of seawater fish such as perch, large yellow croaker, U.S. snapper, sparid class, egg-shaped pompano, grouper and cobios, universal marine fish feed additive comprehensive nutrition of the present invention can satisfy whole nutritional needs of multiple seawater fish high-density breeding; Long-term safe in utilization efficient, have no side effect, culture the object growth rapidly, the feed conversion rate height, culture benefit is better.Simultaneously, this marine fish feed additive can significantly strengthen the immunity function and the anti-stress ability of culturing object, and the seawater fish vigor of breed is good, and body colour is bright-coloured, the survival rate height.Can effectively reduce and culture the pollution of nitrogen in the object excreta, phosphorus breeding water body.

Claims (3)

1. universal marine fish feed additive is characterized in that it is made up of B B-complex class and composite trace element class, wherein:
The B B-complex class is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:
Vitamin A 400-900 ten thousand IU 8-18g vitamin D 200-400 ten thousand IU 4-8g
Vitamin E 70-150g prokeyvit 5-20g vitamin B1 15-30g
Vitamin B2 10-20g vitamin B6 10-30g cobalamin 0.05-0.1g
Nicotinic acid 30-80g calcium pantothenate 30-70g folic acid 2-5g
Biotin 0.1-0.4g inositol 80-200g vitamin C 150-500g
Carnitine 150-400g antioxidant 150-300g mould inhibitor 500-1000g
Probiotics 1000-2000g immune polysaccharide 1000-2000g phagostimulant 1000-3000g
A 3 αPeptide glycan 300-800g phytase 100-400g non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 400-800g
Saccharicter-penin 1000-2000g system chaff 1000-2000g.
The composite trace element class is made by the raw material of following weight ratio, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 5000-15000g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1000-5000g magnesium sulfate 3000-6000g
Cupric glycinate 30-100g cobalt methionine 10-20g Potassiumiodate 10-20g
Zinc methionine 100-200g glycine manganese 50-100g ferrous sulfate 100-200g
Sodium selenite 30-100g Choline Chloride 3000-5000g zeolite powder 500-3000g.
2. universal marine fish feed additive according to claim 1 is characterized in that: each raw material weight ratio of described B B-complex class is, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:
Vitamin A 8,000,000 IU 16g VD4s 000,000 IU 8g vitamin E 120g
Prokeyvit 12g vitamin B1 20g vitamin B2 16g vitamin B6 18g
Cobalamin 0.1g nicotinic acid 60g calcium pantothenate 50g folic acid 4g
Biotin 0.2g inositol 120g vitamin C 350g carnitine 220g
Antioxidant 200g mould inhibitor 1000g probiotics 1000g immune polysaccharide 1000g
Phagostimulant 1500g A 3 αPeptide glycan 500g phytase 400g non-starch polysaccharide enzyme 800g sugar
The plain 1600g system of terpene chaff 985.7g;
Each raw material weight ratio of the first rope class of described compound trace is, is benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, in pure product:
Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 8000g potassium dihydrogen phosphate 2000g magnesium sulfate 4000g cupric glycinate 50g
Cobalt methionine 12g Potassiumiodate 16g zinc methionine 150g glycine manganese 80g
Ferrous sulfate 150g sodium selenite 40g Choline Chloride 3000g zeolite powder 2502g.
3. universal marine fish feed additive according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described marine fish feed additive is a benchmark with the addition of feed per ton, additive is 20~30kg at the addition of marine fish feed, B B-complex class 5~10kg wherein, composite trace element class 15~20kg.
CN2007100314780A 2007-11-15 2007-11-15 Universal feedstuff additive for sea water fish CN101181013B (en)

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CN101181013B true CN101181013B (en) 2010-07-28

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CN101984845A (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-03-16 中山粤海饲料有限公司 Feed additive premix for low-salinity cultured marine fishes
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CN103039724A (en) * 2012-11-30 2013-04-17 青岛玛斯特生物技术有限公司 Vitamin feed additive premix for sea fish
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Address after: 524017 No. 22, Airport Road, Xiashan District, Guangdong, Zhanjiang

Patentee after: GUANGDONG YUEHAI FEED GROUP CO., LTD.

Address before: 524017 No. 22, Airport Road, Xiashan District, Guangdong, Zhanjiang

Patentee before: Guangdong Yuehai Feed Group Co., Ltd.