CN104799099B - A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix - Google Patents

A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104799099B
CN104799099B CN201510215393.2A CN201510215393A CN104799099B CN 104799099 B CN104799099 B CN 104799099B CN 201510215393 A CN201510215393 A CN 201510215393A CN 104799099 B CN104799099 B CN 104799099B
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China
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laminarin
yellow croaker
feed
additive premix
premix
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CN201510215393.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104799099A (en
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林建斌
梁萍
朱庆国
邱曼丽
黄志坚
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福建省淡水水产研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, belong to aquatic feeds field, the feed formula contains percentage by weight for 6% 12% laminarin.For the problems such as immunity present in existing rheum officinale fish culture is low, the incidence of disease is high, the death rate is high, a kind of pre-mixing feed additive for adding laminarin is provided, the immunity and disease resistance of large yellow croaker can be significantly improved, improve feed efficiency, nitrogen, phosphorus emission in breeding process are reduced, mitigates to water pollution, improves survival rate, the speed of growth of large yellow croaker, feed cost is reduced, is increased economic efficiency.

Description

A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquatic feeds field, and in particular to a kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix.
Background technology
Large yellow croaker(Pseudosciaena crocea)It is famous-brand and high-quality fish, economic value is very high.In recent years, large yellow croaker Aquaculture develops rapidly in China's Coastal Areas, and large yellow croaker has been the maximum product of national seawater cage culture scale and yield Kind, it is Fujian Province or even one of China shows unique characteristics with the best-selling seawater fish in domestic market.At present, formd in China Year nursery amount surpasses 1,000,000,000 tails, cultured output nearly 120,000 tons (2013), the large yellow croaker aquaculture industry of more than 70 hundred million yuan of the output value.But mesh After preceding large yellow croaker is propagated artificially successfully in China, degenerated there is germplasm, immunity reduces, anti-stress ability is poor, cultivation disease The problems such as disease takes place frequently, cultivation survival rate is relatively low, mariculture area is seriously polluted, enhancing large yellow croaker immunocompetence, reduce breeding process Middle morbidity and mortality, turn into reduction cultivation risk, improve culturing economic income, ensure that large yellow croaker aquaculture is lasting, healthy The key of development.
China's marine polysaccharide is wide in variety, abundance, and it can not only improve body's immunity, and with a variety of Bioactivity.Algal polysaccharides refer in marine alga contained various polymeric carbohydrates, including alginic acid, fucoidin, green Agar-agar in sulfated polysaccharide, red algae, carragheen in algae etc.;Improving the specificity of animal body and non-specific immunity side Mask plays an important role, and has the bioactivity such as antifatigue, immunological regulation, anti-aging, antitumor, antiviral, and nontoxic secondary work With having great Development volue.Sea-tangle (Laminaria japonica) be marine living resources important component, it is rich It is the polysaccharose substance structure that contains, distinct, there are multiple biological activities.There is laminarin elimination free radical and antioxygen to be turned into With there is substantial worth as additive.
The content of the invention:
The purpose of the present invention is for immunity is low, the incidence of disease is high, the death rate is high present in existing rheum officinale fish culture etc. Problem, there is provided a kind of pre-mixing feed additive for adding laminarin, the immunity and disease that can significantly improve large yellow croaker are supported Drag, feed efficiency is improved, reduce nitrogen, phosphorus emission in breeding process, mitigate to water pollution, improve surviving for large yellow croaker Rate, the speed of growth, feed cost is reduced, is increased economic efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, the premixed feed formula contain following weight percent The composition of ratio:Carnitine 0.2%-0.4%, glycine betaine 6%-10%, laminarin 6%-12%, Choline Chloride 8%-12%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 12%-16%, complex enzyme 2%-3%, B B-complex 8%-12%, composite mineral salt 20%, other carrier 10%-40%.
Wherein B B-complex per kilogram can contain:VA 2,200,000 IU, VD3 620000 IU, VE60g, VK3 3200mg、 VB12050mg、VB2 3500 mg、VB6 7800mg、VB1215mg, biotin 450mg, nicotinic acid 10.5g, folic acid 500mg, pantothenic acid Ca45 00mg, inositol 60g, VC 120g;It the rest is corn protein powder.
Composite mineral salt is made up of following salt, and the percentage by weight of its each component is:Manganese sulfate 0.35%, zinc sulfate 2.25%, copper sulphate 0.16%, ferrous sulfate 1.75%, sodium selenite 0.01%, cobalt chloride 0.03%, KI 0.02%, bentonite 95.43%。
Other carriers are the one or more in fish meal, bean cake powder, wheat flour.
Raw materials used in feed of the present invention is commercially available prod, and chemical agent used in B B-complex, composite mineral salt is Feed grade.Used enzyme preparation is phytase and complex enzyme(Including protease, lipase, amylase etc.).
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with prior art:
(1)Sea-tangle contains 3 kinds of polysaccharide:Algin, fucoidin, laminaran.Algin and fucoidin are cell membranes Filler;Laminaran is present in cytoplasm.Algin refers generally to alginic acid salt, and the content in sea-tangle is very abundant, about For 19.7%, it by α-Isosorbide-5-Nitrae-L- guluronic acids and β-Isosorbide-5-Nitrae-D-MANNOSE aldehydic acid is block copolymer that monomer is formed to be, no Contain protein.Content of the fucoidin in sea-tangle is about 2.46%, and main component is α-L-fucose 4- sulfuric ester polies Thing.Laminaran be by glucose group into glucan, be mainly formed by connecting by 1,3 glycosidic bond.Laminarin can improve and increase Strong body's immunity.Research shows that laminarin has obvious antitumor action, the immunology machine of its antitumor action System, in addition to itself directly suppresses growth of tumour cell, moreover it is possible to by strengthening body's immunity, suppress the life of tumour cell Long diffusion.Laminarin energy activating macrophage, with CDCC, is killed swollen so as to suppress tumor cell proliferation Oncocyte.So the pre-mixing feed additive of addition laminarin can significantly improve the immunity and premunition of large yellow croaker;
(2)Large yellow croaker cultivation survival rate is significantly improved, improves feed efficiency, reduces aquaculture cost;
(3)Used as feed addictive in rheum officinale fish meal, addition 4.5%-5.0%, wherein laminarin are accounted for Than 6%-12%, it is only 0.27%-0.60% to be converted to the addition in compound fish bait used specially for pseudosciaena crocea;
(4)The present invention is to feed palatability without any harmful effect;
(5)The reasonable employment of fish green additive, alternative antibiotic and some harmful chemical growth promoters, promote battalion Digesting and assimilating for material is supported, promotes fish growth, disease preventing and treating, reduces and eliminate residual of the harmful substance in fish body.The present invention The green additives such as glycine betaine, enzyme preparation are with the addition of in feed, the primary efficacy of glycine betaine has attractant effect, can promote large yellow croaker Ingest, improve the speed of growth of large yellow croaker, reduce the waste of feed;Fat metabolism can be promoted simultaneously, suppress fatty liver.Enzyme system Agent can reduce large yellow croaker fish body alimentary canal chyme viscosity, improve nutrient digestion absorptivity, improve the utilization rate of phytate phosphorus, disappear Except ANFs, activate the secretion of endogenous enzymes, improve large yellow croaker survival rate and the speed of growth, and it is nontoxic, harmless, without residual Stay, and the excretion of nitrogen, phosphorus in large yellow croaker excrement can be significantly decreased, mitigate the pollution to breeding water body, to protecting breeding ecological Significance for Environment is great;
(6)Raw material sources used in the present invention are stable, moderate, simple production process.
Embodiment:
In order that purpose and effect that technological means, feature and the application method of the present invention are reached are readily apparent to, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further, but the present invention is not limited only to this.
Embodiment one:
A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, the formula contain the composition of following percentage by weight: Carnitine 0.4%, glycine betaine 10%, laminarin 12%, Choline Chloride 12%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 16%, complex enzyme 3%, B B-complex 12%, composite mineral salt 20%, other carriers 14.6%.
Wherein B B-complex per kilogram can contain:VA 2,200,000 IU, VD3 620000 IU, VE60g, VK3 3200mg、 VB12050mg、VB2 3500 mg、VB6 7800mg、VB1215mg, biotin 450mg, nicotinic acid 10.5g, folic acid 500mg, pantothenic acid Ca45 00mg, inositol 60g, VC 120g;It the rest is corn protein powder.
Composite mineral salt is made up of following salt, and the percentage by weight of its each component is:Manganese sulfate 0.35%, zinc sulfate 2.25%, copper sulphate 0.16%, ferrous sulfate 1.75%, sodium selenite 0.01%, cobalt chloride 0.03%, KI 0.02%, bentonite 95.43%。
Other carriers are fish meal.
Each raw material components are well mixed in specific proportions in conventional manner, large yellow croaker premixed feed is prepared.
This matches somebody with somebody the immunity and premunition that can improve larval Pseudosciaena crocea, so as to improve the survival rate of large yellow croaker, feed effect Rate, feed cost is reduced, improve fanning economics.
Embodiment two:
A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, the formula contain the composition of following percentage by weight: Carnitine 0.3%, glycine betaine 8%, laminarin 10%, Choline Chloride 10%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 14%, complex enzyme 3%, B B-complex 10%, composite mineral salt 20%, other carriers 24.7%.
Wherein B B-complex per kilogram can contain:VA 2,200,000 IU, VD3 620000 IU, VE60g, VK3 3200mg、 VB12050mg、VB2 3500 mg、VB6 7800mg、VB1215mg, biotin 450mg, nicotinic acid 10.5g, folic acid 500mg, pantothenic acid Ca45 00mg, inositol 60g, VC 120g;It the rest is corn protein powder.
Composite mineral salt is made up of following salt, and the percentage by weight of its each component is:Manganese sulfate 0.35%, zinc sulfate 2.25%, copper sulphate 0.16%, ferrous sulfate 1.75%, sodium selenite 0.01%, cobalt chloride 0.03%, KI 0.02%, bentonite 95.43%。
Other carriers are bean cake powder.
Each raw material components are well mixed in specific proportions in conventional manner, large yellow croaker premixed feed is prepared.
This matches somebody with somebody the immunity and premunition that can improve large yellow croaker juvenile fish, so as to improve the survival rate of large yellow croaker, feed effect Rate, feed cost is reduced, improve fanning economics.
Embodiment three:
A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, the formula contain the composition of following percentage by weight: Carnitine 0.2%, glycine betaine 6%, laminarin 6%, Choline Chloride 8%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 12%, complex enzyme 2%, B B-complex 8%, Composite mineral salt 20%, other carriers 37.8%.
Wherein B B-complex per kilogram can contain:VA 2,200,000 IU, VD3 620000 IU, VE60g, VK3 3200mg、 VB12050mg、VB2 3500 mg、VB6 7800mg、VB1215mg, biotin 450mg, nicotinic acid 10.5g, folic acid 500mg, pantothenic acid Ca45 00mg, inositol 60g, VC 120g;It the rest is corn protein powder.
Composite mineral salt is made up of following salt, and the percentage by weight of its each component is:Manganese sulfate 0.35%, zinc sulfate 2.25%, copper sulphate 0.16%, ferrous sulfate 1.75%, sodium selenite 0.01%, cobalt chloride 0.03%, KI 0.02%, bentonite 95.43%。
Other carriers are wheat flour.
Each raw material components are well mixed in specific proportions in conventional manner, large yellow croaker premixed feed is prepared.
This matches somebody with somebody the immunity and premunition that can improve large yellow croaker adult fish, so as to improve the survival rate of large yellow croaker, feed effect Rate, feed cost is reduced, improve fanning economics.
Use example:
1st, laminarin is to large yellow croaker growth and the influence of immunity
The plant tested in the rich shampoo production Co., Ltd of Ningde City is carried out, using fiberglass drum.Drum internal diameter 150cm, height 80cm, the depth of water about in 60cm, keep miniflow water state.Experiment sets 3 processing altogether:It is pre- added with 5% laminarin The mixed feed group of batch mixing(Laminarin accounting 10% in premix, it is converted to addition 0.5% in mixed feed), addition There is the mixed feed group of 10% laminarin premix(Laminarin accounting 10% in premix, is converted in mixed feed Addition 1.0%), control group.Each processing sets 3 repetitions, and each drum puts the tail of large yellow croaker juvenile fish 80 in a suitable place to breed(Specification body length 16.1 Cm, average weight 88.30g/tail).After 32d raising, added with 5% laminarin premix group, added with 10% sea-tangle Polysaccharide premix group rate of body weight gain is respectively increased 26.77%, 16.23% than control group;Added with 5% laminarin premix group, addition There is 10% laminarin premix group feed efficiency to be respectively increased 9.66%, 4.61% than control group.Add the test group of laminarin It is not notable with control group muscles of Pseudosciaena crocea moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash content difference(p>0.05).
As can be seen from Table 1, the large yellow croaker immunity for adding laminarin is all significantly increased than control group, immunocompetence (Alkaline phosphatase AKP, lysozyme LZM, total number born T-SOD)Increase more obvious than control group(p<0.05).
Large yellow croaker gaining effect added with 5% laminarin premix group is better than more added with 10% sea-tangle with immune effect Sugared premix group.
Influence of the laminarin of table 1 to large yellow croaker immunity
Note:Data are mean+SD in table;Alphabetical difference represents significant difference shown in subscript in same row(p < 0.05).
2nd, large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix Demonstration Application
In early October, 2014 selects in the Luo Chun villages sea area cage culture of Jia Yang townshiies of Fuding City and is added laminarin premix Close large yellow croaker functional collaboration feed feeding experiment and the Demonstration And Extension work of feed.Experiment is divided into 2 groups:Test group feeds sea-tangle Polysaccharide additive premix addition 5%(Wherein laminarin content 10% in premix, is converted in mixed feed Addition 0.5%)Rheum officinale fish meal, if 2 net cages, specification be respectively 6.6m × 3.3m × 3.0m and 6.6m × 6.6m × 3.0m, put the tail of large yellow croaker 2010, the tail of large yellow croaker 4515 of 63g/ tails of the g/ tails of average weight 51 in a suitable place to breed respectively;Control group is fed greatly Yellow croaker basal feed, if 1 net cage, specification is 6.6m × 3.3m × 3.0m, puts the large yellow croaker 2000 of average weight 53g/ tails in a suitable place to breed Tail.By 63d raising, taken a sample test through scene, test group average weight the long 19.3cm of average body, is computed up to 147.7 g/ tails Feed coefficient 1.38;Control group average weight reaches 119.0g/ tails, the long 19.0cm of average body, is computed feed coefficient 1.61.Use The test group of laminarin additive assembles than control closes feed efficiency raising 16.26%, and survival rate improves 6.03%.
In summary, a kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, it is remarkably improved the immune of large yellow croaker Power and premunition, the large yellow croaker speed of growth, cultivation survival rate and feed efficiency are improved, reduce feed cost;In breeding process The discharge capacity of nitrogen, phosphorus can be reduced, mitigates the pollution to water quality, social benefit, economic benefit and ecological benefits are notable.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix, it is characterised in that:The premixed feed formula contain with The composition of lower percentage by weight:Carnitine 0.2%-0.4%, glycine betaine 6%-10%, laminarin 6%-12%, Choline Chloride 8%-12%, Calcium dihydrogen phosphate 12%-16%, complex enzyme 2%-3%, B B-complex 8%-12%, composite mineral salt 20%, other carrier 10%-40%;
    Described B B-complex, its per kilogram contain:VA 2,200,000 IU, VD3 620000 IU, VE60g, VK3 3200mg、 VB12050mg、VB2 3500 mg、VB6 7800mg、VB1215mg, biotin 450mg, nicotinic acid 10.5g, folic acid 500mg, pantothenic acid Ca45 00mg, inositol 60g, VC 120g;It the rest is corn protein powder.
  2. 2. a kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Composite mineral salt be specifically to be made up of following salt, and its percentage by weight is:Manganese sulfate 0.35%, zinc sulfate 2.25%, sulphur Sour copper 0.16%, ferrous sulfate 1.75%, sodium selenite 0.01%, cobalt chloride 0.03%, KI 0.02%, bentonite 95.43%.
  3. 3. a kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Other carriers be fish meal, bean cake powder, the one or more in wheat flour.
CN201510215393.2A 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix CN104799099B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105124323A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-09 威海光洋生物科技有限公司 Complex immunoenhancer for prawns
CN108185126A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-06-22 福建省淡水水产研究所 A kind of half pierces thick lip carp compound feed and preparation method thereof

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WO2008084074A2 (en) * 2007-01-10 2008-07-17 Blue Limit As Feed composition for aquatic organisms
CN101181013A (en) * 2007-11-15 2008-05-21 广东粤海饲料集团有限公司 Universal feedstuff additive for sea water fish
CN102119765A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-13 宁波大学 Immunopotentiator for large yellow croaker adults
CN103609898A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-03-05 青岛嘉瑞生物技术有限公司 Preparation method and application of composite immunopotentiator for pseudosciaena crocea

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