CN106819399A - The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation - Google Patents

The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106819399A
CN106819399A CN201710135643.0A CN201710135643A CN106819399A CN 106819399 A CN106819399 A CN 106819399A CN 201710135643 A CN201710135643 A CN 201710135643A CN 106819399 A CN106819399 A CN 106819399A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
environment
litopenaeus vannamei
feed addictive
pressure regulating
osmotic pressure
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CN201710135643.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董晓慧
杨原志
谭北平
陈效儒
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广东海洋大学
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Priority to CN201710135643.0A priority Critical patent/CN106819399A/en
Publication of CN106819399A publication Critical patent/CN106819399A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of raising desalination cultivation, it is made up of following component by weight:Methionine potassium, 20 ~ 30;Magnesium sulfate, 10 ~ 20;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 ~ 20;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 ~ 20;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5 ~ 10;Sodium chloride, 10 ~ 15;Sodium acid carbonate, 5 ~ 10;Asparatate, 1 ~ 2;Lysine, 1 ~ 5;Glutamic acid, 2 ~ 5;Alanine, 1 ~ 2.The feed addictive that the present invention is provided can improve the osmotic pressure regulating power of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of desalination cultivation, so as to improve immunity, survival rate, the speed of growth and the feed efficiency of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body need not be increased, feed cost and aquaculture cost is reduced, economic benefit is improve;And salt content is reduced in prawn nitrogen phosphorus excretion reduction, water body, protects breeding environment.

Description

The feed of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation Additive

Technical field

The invention belongs to feed processing technology field, more particularly, to vannamei boone under the conditions of one kind raising desalination cultivation The feed addictive of prawn osmotic pressure regulating power.

Background technology

Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low(Litopenaeus vannameiBoone)It is commonly called as Penaeus Vannmei.Originate in the South America Pacific Ocean Littoral tropical waters, Ecuador's littoral area distribution is concentrated the most.Be introduced into China within 1988, because with growth it is rapid, go out Meat rate is high, the breeding cycle is long, strong stress resistance, to the low advantage of feed protein demand, cultivation scale constantly expands.Into It is area maximum, yield highest kind in China's prawn culturing, is also the maximum shrimp product of China's export amount.2016 I State's Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low total output is more than 1,500,000 tons.

In recent years due to reasons, vannamei boone pair such as sea-farming illness outbreak, coastal seawater pollution and market demand increases The cultivation of shrimp is upcountry significantly advanced in Low-salinity waters from littoral body of sea water, particularly in recent years in world many countries or The cultivation fast development in regional Low-salinity waters, the most typical Delta of the Pearl River including China, Yangtze River Delta, yellow Bohai Sea ground Area, Ya Nabama, Florida, Indiana, Texas of southern US etc. and Thailand southern areas.

But the subject matter of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low desalination cultivation shows:

(1)Due to being under less salt stressful environmental to some extent for a long time, prawn is caused to grow slow, hypoimmunity partially, to thin Bacterium, virus is susceptible and survival rate is relatively low.

(2)Feed cost(China's Mode, feed high protein)Or fertilising cost(US mode, fertilization in aquaculture changes ion Concentration)Higher, breeding environment goes from bad to worse.With fish meal, increasingly serious, fish meal high, the high protein of fish oil shortage of resources problem The cost of feed certainly will further go up, while high protein feed can cause to produce substantial amounts of ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, contaminant water again Body, germinates disease, and causes environmental degradation;And heavy dressing also causes waters eutrophication while aquaculture cost is increased.

(3)Prawn late growing stage is slow, the death rate is high, it is difficult to cultivate big specification individuality, and product quality is low.

Problem above has had a strong impact on the economic benefit of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low cultivation, and the topmost original of problem above occurs Because being the low of the lower osmotic adjustment ability of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low less salt stress.The problem has turned into restriction Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low desalination cultivation The bottleneck factor for developing in a healthy way.Therefore, it is necessary to the form for passing through feed addictive, improve desalination cultivation condition and descend to the mortal world and receive Shore prawn osmotic pressure regulating power, so as to improve the speed of growth of prawn, survival rate, strengthens the premunition of prawn, improves all receiving The success rate and product quality of shore desalination cultivation.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to according to deficiency of the prior art, there is provided one kind raising desalination cultivation condition descends to the mortal world and receives The feed addictive of shore prawn osmotic pressure regulating power.

The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:

The invention provides it is a kind of improve desalination cultivation under the conditions of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power feed addictive, by Following component composition by weight:Methionine potassium, 20 ~ 30;Magnesium sulfate, 10 ~ 20;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 ~ 20;Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium, 10 ~ 20;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5 ~ 10;Sodium chloride, 10 ~ 15;Sodium acid carbonate, 5 ~ 10;Asparatate, 1 ~ 2;Lysine, 1 ~5;Glutamic acid, 2 ~ 5;Alanine, 1 ~ 2.

Preferably, it is made up of the component of following components by weight parts number:Methionine potassium, 30;Magnesium sulfate, 20;Biphosphate Calcium, 10;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 10;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5;Sodium chloride, 10;Sodium acid carbonate, 5;Asparatate, 2;Lysine, 2; Glutamic acid, 4;Alanine, 2.

The present invention protects described feed addictive to improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low survival rate and growth rate feed in preparation simultaneously In application.

Preferably, the addition of the feed addictive accounts for the 0.1 ~ 0.3% of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low normal diet.

The feed addictive provided using the present invention is applied in the desalination cultivation of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, in a production cycle Middle using the additive speed of growth of prawn to be made to improve 14.11-16.62%, survival rate improves 15% or so.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:

The feed addictive provided using the present invention can be remarkably reinforced the osmotic pressure regulating power of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low, and it is right to improve The activity and the speed of growth of shrimp, improve prawn immunity of organisms and survival rate.

It is directly appended in feed addictive prescription of the present invention in common prawn culturing feed, it is not necessary to increase feed egg White matter content and improve the osmotic pressure regulating power of prawn, so as to save feed cost, reduce nitrogen discharge and phosphorus discharge, be conducive to ring Protect in border;Various salts need not be added in breeding water body, is conducive to environmental protection.

Feed addictive addition of the present invention is few, to feed palatability without any harmful effect;And raw material sources stabilization, valency Lattice cost is reasonable.It is simultaneously easy to use, it to be easy to promote, application prospect is good.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment, but embodiment does not do any type of to the present invention Limit.Unless stated otherwise, the reagent for using of the invention, method and apparatus are the art conventional reagent, method and apparatus.

Unless stated otherwise, agents useful for same of the present invention and material are purchased in market.

Embodiment 1:Weigh methionine potassium, 30 kg;Magnesium sulfate, 20 kg;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 kg;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 kg;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5 kg;Sodium chloride, 10 kg;Sodium acid carbonate, 5 kg;Asparatate, 2 kg;Lysine, 2 kg; Glutamic acid, 4 kg;Alanine, 2 kg.The above-mentioned 11 kinds of materials for obtaining will be weighed, and uniformly mixing is a kind of raising of the invention The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of desalination cultivation.

This matches somebody with somebody the osmotic pressure regulating power that can improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of desalination cultivation, so as to improve vannamei boone The immunity of prawn, survival rate, the speed of growth and feed efficiency.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body need not be increased, Feed cost and aquaculture cost are reduced, economic benefit is improve;And salt content subtracts in prawn nitrogen phosphorus excretion reduction, water body It is few, protect breeding environment.

Embodiment 2

Weigh methionine potassium, 28kg;Magnesium sulfate, 15kg;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 12kg;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 13kg;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5kg;Sodium chloride, 11kg;Sodium acid carbonate, 7kg;Asparatate, 2kg;Lysine, 4kg;Glutamic acid, 2kg;Alanine, 1kg. The above-mentioned 11 kinds of materials for obtaining will be weighed, and uniformly mixing is Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation of the invention The feed addictive of osmotic pressure regulating power.

This matches somebody with somebody the osmotic pressure regulating power that can improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of desalination cultivation, so as to improve vannamei boone The immunity of prawn, survival rate, the speed of growth and feed efficiency.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body need not be increased, Feed cost and aquaculture cost are reduced, economic benefit is improve;And the excretion of prawn nitrogen phosphorus is reduced, salt content subtracts in water body It is few, protect breeding environment.

Embodiment 3

Weigh methionine potassium, 25kg;Magnesium sulfate, 17kg;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 13kg;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 12kg;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 8kg;Sodium chloride, 10kg;Sodium acid carbonate, 8kg;Asparatate, 1kg;Lysine, 3kg;Glutamic acid, 2kg;Alanine, 1kg. The above-mentioned 11 kinds of materials for obtaining will be weighed, and uniformly mixing is Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation of the invention The feed addictive of osmotic pressure regulating power.

Should be with Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of desalination cultivation can be improved, so as to improve vannamei boone pair The immunity of shrimp, survival rate, the speed of growth and feed efficiency.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body, drop need not be increased Low feed cost and aquaculture cost, improve economic benefit;And the excretion of prawn nitrogen phosphorus is reduced, salt content is reduced in water body, Protect breeding environment.

Embodiment 4

Weigh methionine potassium, 22 kg;Magnesium sulfate, 18kg;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 16kg;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 14kg;Phosphoric acid hydrogen two Potassium, 6kg;Sodium chloride, 12kg;Sodium acid carbonate, 5kg;Asparatate, 1kg;Lysine, 3kg;Glutamic acid, 2kg;Alanine, 1kg.The above-mentioned 11 kinds of materials for obtaining will be weighed, and uniformly mixing is vannamei boone under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation of the invention The feed addictive of prawn osmotic pressure regulating power.

This matches somebody with somebody the osmotic pressure regulating power that can improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of desalination cultivation, so as to improve vannamei boone The immunity of prawn, survival rate, the speed of growth and feed efficiency.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body need not be increased, Feed cost and aquaculture cost are reduced, economic benefit is improve;And the excretion of prawn nitrogen phosphorus is reduced, salt content subtracts in water body It is few, protect breeding environment.

Embodiment 5

Weigh methionine potassium, 20 kg;Magnesium sulfate, 18 kg;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 15 kg;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 12 kg;Phosphoric acid hydrogen Dipotassium, 7 kg;Sodium chloride, 15 kg;Sodium acid carbonate, 5 kg;Asparatate, 2 kg;Lysine, 2 kg;Glutamic acid, 2 kg; Alanine, 2kg.The above-mentioned 11 kinds of materials for obtaining will be weighed, and uniformly mixing is under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation of the invention The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power.

This matches somebody with somebody the osmotic pressure regulating power that can improve Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low under the conditions of desalination cultivation, so as to improve vannamei boone The immunity of prawn, survival rate, the speed of growth and feed efficiency.Fertilising in dietary protein level or water body need not be increased, Feed cost and aquaculture cost are reduced, economic benefit is improve;And the excretion of prawn nitrogen phosphorus is reduced, salt content subtracts in water body It is few, protect breeding environment.

Feed addictive using Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of raising desalination cultivation of the invention is matched somebody with somebody Side, practical application effect of the invention is further illustrated by culture experiment.

Be embodiment experimental group with the feed for adding additive of the invention, without be control group.

Test group and the control group such as following table of the application effect in actual culture experiment:

The culture efficiency of table 1 is contrasted

From table 1 from the point of view of result, the experiment in the Jiangmen City of Guangdong Province Taishan and Zhuhai City Doumen District in 2016 shows, desalination cultivation Prawn in a production cycle using the additive can make prawn the speed of growth improve 14.11 ~ 16.62%, survival rate is carried It is high by 15% or so.

Claims (6)

1. it is a kind of improve desalination cultivation under the conditions of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power feed addictive, it is characterised in that It is made up of following component by weight:Methionine potassium, 20 ~ 30;Magnesium sulfate, 10 ~ 20;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10 ~ 20;Phosphoric acid Potassium dihydrogen, 10 ~ 20;Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 5 ~ 10;Sodium chloride, 10 ~ 15;Sodium acid carbonate, 5 ~ 10;Asparatate, 1 ~ 2;Rely ammonia Acid, 1 ~ 5;Glutamic acid, 2 ~ 5;Alanine, 1 ~ 2.
2. it is a kind of improve desalination cultivation under the conditions of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power feed addictive, pressed by following component The component composition of parts by weight:Methionine potassium, 30;Magnesium sulfate, 20;Calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 10;Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 10;Phosphoric acid hydrogen two Potassium, 5;Sodium chloride, 10;Sodium acid carbonate, 5;Asparatate, 2;Lysine, 2;Glutamic acid, 4;Alanine, 2.
3. the feed addictive described in claim 1 or 2 is preparing the application in improving Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low survival rate feed.
4. the feed addictive described in claim 1 or 2 is preparing the application in improving Growth of Litopenaeus vannamei performance feeds.
5. application according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the addition of the feed addictive is 0.1 ~ 0.3%.
6. application according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the addition of the feed addictive is 0.1 ~ 0.3%.
CN201710135643.0A 2017-03-08 2017-03-08 The feed addictive of Environment of Litopenaeus vannamei Low osmotic pressure regulating power under the conditions of a kind of raising desalination cultivation CN106819399A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101828644A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-09-15 中山大学 Feed for litopenaeus vannamei
CN101984845A (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-03-16 中山粤海饲料有限公司 Feed additive premix for low-salinity cultured marine fishes
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN103125772A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-06-05 浙江粤海饲料有限公司 Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof
CN104256103A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-07 集美大学 Feed and mineral premixed feed for whiteleg shrimps in low salinity water body
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101828644A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-09-15 中山大学 Feed for litopenaeus vannamei
CN101984845A (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-03-16 中山粤海饲料有限公司 Feed additive premix for low-salinity cultured marine fishes
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN103125772A (en) * 2013-03-12 2013-06-05 浙江粤海饲料有限公司 Litopenaeus vannamei shell fixing additive premix and preparation method thereof
CN104256103A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-07 集美大学 Feed and mineral premixed feed for whiteleg shrimps in low salinity water body
CN105876279A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-08-24 广东省农业科学院动物科学研究所 Prawn feed with low fish meal content

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
安邦超等: "《海水名优鱼虾蟹养殖技术》", 31 October 1997, 中国农业出版社 *
杨金芳: "添加钾离子对低盐度水体养殖凡纳滨对虾(Litopenaeus vannamei)的生长与生理特性的影响", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 农业科技辑》 *

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