CN100334966C - Artificial micro-particle feedstuff for pseudosciaenacrocea larvae - Google Patents

Artificial micro-particle feedstuff for pseudosciaenacrocea larvae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100334966C
CN100334966C CNB2005100446210A CN200510044621A CN100334966C CN 100334966 C CN100334966 C CN 100334966C CN B2005100446210 A CNB2005100446210 A CN B2005100446210A CN 200510044621 A CN200510044621 A CN 200510044621A CN 100334966 C CN100334966 C CN 100334966C
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China
Prior art keywords
vitamin
powder
feed
yellow croaker
weight
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CNB2005100446210A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1736241A (en
Inventor
艾庆辉
麦康森
徐玮
马洪明
刘付志国
于海瑞
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中国海洋大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to artificial microparticle feed for young large yellow croaker, which is characterized in that the feed is prepared from the following components of the proportion by weight: 35 to 45% of white fish meal, 10 to 20% of shrimp meal, 10 to 15% of mussel powder, 8 to 12% of squid powder, 3 to 6% of yeast powder, 5 to 10% of hydrolyzed fish protein, 3 to 6% of fish oil, 6 to 12% of alpha-starch, 1 to 3% of sodium alginate, 1 to 3% of inorganic salt mixture, 1 to 3% of vitamin mixture, 0.1 to 0.2% of attractant, 0.01 to 0.05% of lycopene, 0.05 to 0.08% of ethoxyquin, 0.1 to 0.3% of beta-glucan, 5 to 8% of soybean lecithin. The present invention has the advantages that the feed has high stability and low solution loss rate in water, can improve the growth and survival rate of the young large yellow croaker, and has high digestion and absorption rate, stable source of raw materials for production, low price and simple production technology.

Description

The artificial micro-granulated feed of large yellow croaker postlarva

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of feed, particularly relate to the artificial micro-granulated feed of a kind of large yellow croaker postlarva.

Background technology

Along with the arrival of the 4th sea-farming tide, China's marine fish culture has already obtained fast development, and cultured output rises year by year.Seed rearing is the key link of sea-farming, the young postlarva of traditional seawater is cultivated and mainly depends on biological feed, this not only needs to spend a large amount of manpower and materials to cultivate biological feeds such as wheel animalcule and halogen worm, seedling cost is risen, and, therefore cause transmission of disease easily because biological feed carries pathogenic microorganism usually.Simultaneously, gather wheel animalcule and halogen worm's ovum in a large number, will cause the destruction Of resources, be unfavorable for the sustainability utilization of resource.In addition, there are shortcomings such as supply is unstable, nutrition sometimes is unbalanced in biological feed, and this is difficult to be protected with regard to the quality and quantity that makes fry.Therefore, nutrition of the young postlarva of seawater and feed have become the bottleneck that the restriction marine fish culture already further develops.In this case, (Microdiet, MD) part even replacing whole biological feed are imperative for the artificial efficiently micro-granulated feed of exploitation.

Large yellow croaker is that China is peculiar, mainly is distributed in China's southeastern coast one band.Because its meat flavour deliciousness, thereby be loved by the people.In history, large yellow croaker once was one of China's famous " four big aquatic/marine animals ", but because overfishing, and large yellow croaker can't form fishing season under the seventies natural endowment.In this case, it is imperative to carry out propagating artificially of large yellow croaker.Along with the success of the eighties large yellow croaker artificial propagation, its aquaculture has obtained large-scale popularization.At present, large yellow croaker has become one of topmost marine fish of China, and the large yellow croaker fry that breeds every year has surpassed 1,000,000,000 tails.Therefore, the cultivation of seed has become large yellow croaker aquaculture key of success link.Yet in the cultivating process of pseudosciaena crocea larvae, still still rely on fresh and alive biological feeds such as wheel animalcule and halogen worm, this has not only improved seedling cost greatly, and since fresh and alive biological feed sometimes nutritional imbalance, carry pathogenic microorganism, this has just caused the decline of seed quality, thereby has a strong impact on the breed of adult fish.Therefore, must develop the artificial micro-granulated feed of large yellow croaker of high-efficiency high-quality, to ensure the sustainable development of China's large yellow croaker aquaculture.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide the high-efficiency artificial micro-granulated feed in a kind of large yellow croaker seed rearing process, it can remedy the demand of prior art.

The artificial micro-granulated feed of a kind of large yellow croaker postlarva, it is characterized in that being made up of white fish meal, shrimp med, mussel powder, squid powder, dusty yeast, hydrolysis fish protein, fish oil, a-starch, sodium alginate, inorganic salt mixt, vitamin mixtures, phagostimulant, tomato red, ethoxyquinoline, beta glucan and soybean lecithin, their percetage by weight scope is respectively: 35-45,10-20,10-15,8-12,3-6,5-10,3-6,6-12,1-3,1-3,1-3,0.1-0.2,0.01-0.05,0.05-0.08,0.1-0.3,5-8.

Good stability, the dissolve-loss ratio of artificial micro-granulated feed of the present invention in water is low, and be little to water pollution; Can obviously improve growth and the survival rate of large yellow croaker postlarva; The digestibility height; Its raw material source is stable, cheap during production, and production technology is simple; Protein content is 52-57.5% (percetage by weight, down together), and fat content is 15.5-18%.

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1: take by weighing white fish meal 35kg; shrimp med 10kg; mussel powder 10kg; squid powder 10kg; dusty yeast 5kg; hydrolysis fish protein 5kg; a-starch 9.72kg; inorganic salt mixt 2.0kg; vitamin mixtures 2.0kg; phagostimulant 0.1kg; tomato red (pigment) 0.03kg; ethoxyquinoline (antioxidant) 0.05kg; beta glucan 0.1kg; these several raw materials are carried out ultramicro grinding (crossing 500 orders); then with the 6kg soybean lecithin; 3kg fish oil mixes; put into granulator; slowly add 2kg slaking sodium alginate while stirring; granulate then, through obtaining artificial little bonding feed of different size after the screening.

The experimental result of carrying out in Xiangshan, Zhejiang shows, uses this artificial micro-granulated feed to cultivate the large yellow croaker postlarva, and its survival rate is than the domestic and international artificial micro-granulated feed survival rate of other brand rising 18-25%.Carry out the large yellow croaker postlarva (initial weight: 1.8 ± 0.11mg) culture, with internationally recognizable commercial feed (day clear feed) and domestic " claim. " board feed in contrast in Xiangshan, Zhejiang.Behind 30 days raising experiment, the result shows with artificial micro-granulated feed of the present invention, large yellow croaker postlarva average survival is 43.8%, on average specific growth rate is 10.8%/sky, is significantly higher than domestic " claim " feed (36.3%, 9.5%/sky) and day clear feed (40.3%, 10.1%/sky).

Embodiment 2: take by weighing white fish meal 40kg; shrimp med 15kg; mussel powder 10kg; squid powder 8kg; dusty yeast 3kg; hydrolysis fish protein 5kg; a-starch 6.77kg; inorganic salt mixt 1kg; vitamin mixtures 1kg; phagostimulant 0.1kg; tomato red (pigment) 0.01kg; ethoxyquinoline (antioxidant) 0.02kg; beta glucan 0.1kg; these several raw materials are carried out ultramicro grinding (crossing 500 orders); then with 5kg lecithin; 3kg fish oil mixes; put into granulator; slowly add 2kg slaking sodium alginate while stirring; granulate then, through obtaining artificial little bonding feed of different size after the screening.Wherein white fish meal, shrimp med, mussel powder, squid powder and dusty yeast be under the cryogenic conditions below 40 ℃ the preparation and get.

The experimental result of carrying out in Xiangshan, Zhejiang shows, uses above-mentioned artificial micro-granulated feed to cultivate the large yellow croaker postlarva, obtained the result similar to embodiment 1.

White fish meal of the present invention, shrimp med, mussel powder, squid powder and dusty yeast all be under the cryogenic conditions below 40 ℃ the preparation and get.The component and the percetage by weight thereof of described inorganic salt mixt are respectively: calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 22; Calcium carbonate, 20; Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 10; Sodium dihydrogen phosphate, 15.2; Epsom salt, 10; Potassium chloride, 4; Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, 1; Six water aluminum sulfate 0.04; White vitriol, 1; Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0.2; Cupric sulfate pentahydrate, 0.02; CoCL2,0.3; KI, 0.04; Zeolite powder, 16.2.The component of described vitamin mixtures and content (mg/g) are respectively: inositol, 400; Calcium pantothenate, 60; Vitamin B6,12; Vitamin B2,8; Niacin, 4; Vitamin B1,4; Prokeyvit, 4; Cobalamin, 0.08; Folic acid 0.8; Biotin, 0.4; Vitamin A, 9.6; Vitamin D, 12; Vitamin E, 7; Inferior powder, 478.12.Described phagostimulant is made up of the yellow institute of inosinic acid, clam worm extract, betaine, alanine, arginine and the setting sun, and their percetage by weight scope is respectively: 25-35,25-35,15-20,10-15,8-10 and 1-3.Described clam worm extract preparation method is: take by weighing a certain amount of fresh clam worm, after smashing to pieces, add 70% (percetage by weight) ethanol water extracting 48h by 1: 1 (weight ratio), by rotary evaporation ethanol is evaporated fully at last, can obtain the clam worm extract.

Claims (1)

1, the artificial micro-granulated feed of a kind of large yellow croaker postlarva, it is characterized in that being made up of white fish meal, shrimp med, mussel powder, squid powder, dusty yeast, hydrolysis fish protein, fish oil, a-starch, sodium alginate, inorganic salt mixt, vitamin mixtures, phagostimulant, tomato red, ethoxyquinoline, beta glucan and soybean lecithin, their percetage by weight scope is respectively: 35-45,10-20,10-15,8-12,3-6,5-10,3-6,6-12,1-3,1-3,1-3,0.1-0.2,0.01-0.05,0.05-0.08,0.1-0.3,5-8; The component and the percetage by weight thereof of described inorganic salt mixt are respectively: calcium dihydrogen phosphate, 22; Calcium carbonate, 20; Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, 10; Sodium dihydrogen phosphate, 15.2; Epsom salt, 10; Potassium chloride, 4; Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, 1; Six water aluminum sulfate 0.04; White vitriol, 1; Manganese sulfate monohydrate 0.2; Cupric sulfate pentahydrate, 0.02; CoCL2,0.3; KI, 0.04; Zeolite powder, 16.2; The component of described vitamin mixtures and weight thousand marks are respectively: inositol, 400; Calcium pantothenate, 60; Vitamin B6,12; Vitamin B2,8; Niacin, 4; Vitamin B1,4; Prokeyvit, 4; Cobalamin, 0.08; Folic acid, 0.8; Biotin, 0.4; Vitamin A, 9.6; Vitamin D, 12; Vitamin E, 7; Inferior powder, 478.12.
CNB2005100446210A 2005-09-01 2005-09-01 Artificial micro-particle feedstuff for pseudosciaenacrocea larvae CN100334966C (en)

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Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101869211B (en) * 2010-05-31 2012-08-29 广东通威饲料有限公司 Compound feed for young grass carps
CN102771677A (en) * 2012-08-15 2012-11-14 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 Soft-granule pseudosciaena crocea juvenile compound feed
CN102805261B (en) * 2012-08-15 2013-08-21 福建天马科技集团股份有限公司 Soft pellet large yellow croaker and juvenile fish compound feed
CN103431199A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-11 黑龙江省轻工科学研究院 Production method of pseudosciaena crocea feed additive
CN103583874A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-02-19 蚌埠市丰牧牛羊肉制品有限责任公司 Compound feed for juvenile pseudosciaena crocea and preparation method thereof
CN103535555B (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-07-15 通威股份有限公司 Feed for tiger frog tadpoles and bullfrog tadpoles and preparation method of feed
CN103549187B (en) * 2013-10-31 2015-07-15 潍坊学院 Nutrient enrichment feed for parent clam worms and preparation method thereof
CN104187041A (en) * 2014-07-19 2014-12-10 中国海洋大学 Composite protein used for advanced fry feed of large yellow croaker
CN104304754A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 福建海大饲料有限公司 Feed for larimichthys crocea larvae and application of feed
CN104273379A (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-14 福建海大饲料有限公司 Adult fish feed of larimichthys crocea and application of adult fish feed
CN104642806A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-27 中国海洋大学 Feed capable of improving anti-stress capability of large yellow croakers
CN104705532A (en) * 2015-04-12 2015-06-17 中国海洋大学 Feed additive for improving anti-stress capability of large yellow croakers
CN104799099B (en) * 2015-04-30 2017-12-15 福建省淡水水产研究所 A kind of large yellow croaker laminarin additive premix
CN105767590A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-20 青岛农业大学 Granulated feed for large yellow croaker
CN105746954A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-07-13 福建农林大学 Environment-friendly Pseudosciaena crocea breeding stage expanded pellet feed for improving water resistance

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CN1375215A (en) * 2002-04-12 2002-10-23 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Granular shrimp feed
CN1618318A (en) * 2004-12-09 2005-05-25 中国海洋大学 Composite fish bait for red-fin Eastern-Globefish
CN1620903A (en) * 2004-12-10 2005-06-01 中国海洋大学 Concentrated feed for adult turbot

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1375215A (en) * 2002-04-12 2002-10-23 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Granular shrimp feed
CN1618318A (en) * 2004-12-09 2005-05-25 中国海洋大学 Composite fish bait for red-fin Eastern-Globefish
CN1620903A (en) * 2004-12-10 2005-06-01 中国海洋大学 Concentrated feed for adult turbot

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EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Shenzhen Alpha Agriculture Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Ocean University of China

Contract fulfillment period: 2008.12.31 to 2013.12.31 contract change

Contract record no.: 2009440000170

Denomination of invention: Artificial micro-particle feedstuff for pseudosciaenacrocea larvae

Granted publication date: 20070905

License type: Exclusive license

Record date: 2009.3.13

LIC Patent licence contract for exploitation submitted for record

Free format text: EXCLUSIVE LICENSE; TIME LIMIT OF IMPLEMENTING CONTACT: 2008.12.31 TO 2013.12.31; CHANGE OF CONTRACT

Name of requester: SHENZHEN CITY AOHUA AGRICULTURAL AND LIVESTOCK CO.

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Termination date: 20091009

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