CN116281158A - Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells - Google Patents

Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116281158A
CN116281158A CN202310402601.4A CN202310402601A CN116281158A CN 116281158 A CN116281158 A CN 116281158A CN 202310402601 A CN202310402601 A CN 202310402601A CN 116281158 A CN116281158 A CN 116281158A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
driving module
grabbing
aluminum
tray
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Pending
Application number
CN202310402601.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许雄
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Zenio New Energy Battery Technologies Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Zenio New Energy Battery Technologies Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiangsu Zenio New Energy Battery Technologies Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Zenio New Energy Battery Technologies Co Ltd
Priority to CN202310402601.4A priority Critical patent/CN116281158A/en
Publication of CN116281158A publication Critical patent/CN116281158A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/914Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems incorporating rotary and rectilinear movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • B65G15/30Belts or like endless load-carriers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/26Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors arranging the articles, e.g. varying spacing between individual articles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Sheets, Magazines, And Separation Thereof (AREA)

Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells, which is used for solving the technical problem that the existing feeding machine for aluminum shells can only feed aluminum shells of certain specification and cannot be compatible with the feeding of aluminum shells of various specifications. The embodiment of the invention comprises a conveying mechanism, a positioning mechanism, a first grabbing mechanism, a tray loading and unloading mechanism and a second grabbing mechanism, wherein the width of the conveying mechanism can be adjusted, the conveying mechanism is used for feeding a feed box loaded with aluminum shells, the positioning mechanism is used for positioning the aluminum shells, the first grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the conveying mechanism onto the positioning mechanism, the tray loading and unloading mechanism is used for loading and unloading a tray, and the second grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the positioning mechanism onto the tray loading and unloading mechanism; the first grabbing mechanism is provided with an absorbing end plate, and the absorbing end plate is provided with a plurality of first vacuum chucks; the positioning mechanism is provided with a width positioning device for positioning the width direction of the aluminum shell and a length positioning device for positioning the length direction of the aluminum shell.

Description

Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automation equipment, in particular to a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells.
Background
On a battery assembly production line, an aluminum shell needs to be taken from a warehouse to a station for feeding the battery cell to a shell feeding station, and a procedure of loading the aluminum shell into a material tray is arranged in the middle of the battery assembly production line;
in order to solve the problems, the aluminum shell feeding machine is designed aiming at an aluminum shell of a certain specification in common use in the industry at present, and can replace manual work to realize high-efficiency aluminum shell feeding, but the current aluminum shell feeding machine cannot be compatible with the requirements of multi-specification aluminum shell feeding, if the production requirements of feeding the multi-specification aluminum shells are met, manufacturers need to purchase a plurality of aluminum shell feeding machines of different models, and the cost of the manufacturers is greatly increased.
Therefore, finding a feeder that can solve the above technical problems and is compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells is an important subject studied by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention discloses a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells, which is used for solving the technical problem that the existing feeding machine for aluminum shells can only feed aluminum shells of certain specification and cannot be compatible with the feeding of aluminum shells of various specifications.
The embodiment of the invention provides a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells, which comprises a conveying mechanism, a positioning mechanism, a first grabbing mechanism, a feeding and discharging mechanism and a second grabbing mechanism, wherein the width of the conveying mechanism can be adjusted, the conveying mechanism is used for feeding a feed box loaded with the aluminum shells, the positioning mechanism is used for positioning the aluminum shells, the first grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the conveying mechanism onto the positioning mechanism, the feeding and discharging mechanism is used for feeding and discharging a feed tray, and the second grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the positioning mechanism onto the feeding and discharging mechanism of the feed tray;
the conveying mechanism, the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanisms of the material tray are sequentially arranged, the first grabbing mechanism is arranged between the conveying mechanism and the positioning mechanism, and the second grabbing mechanism is arranged between the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanisms of the material tray;
the first grabbing mechanism is provided with an absorbing end plate, and the absorbing end plate is provided with a plurality of first vacuum chucks;
the positioning mechanism is provided with a width positioning device for positioning the width direction of the aluminum shell and a length positioning device for positioning the length direction of the aluminum shell.
Optionally, the conveying mechanism comprises a workbench, a conveying belt, a supporting frame and a movable frame, wherein the supporting frame and the movable frame are oppositely arranged along the width direction of the conveying belt, the conveying belt is positioned between the supporting frame and the movable frame, and the conveying belt can be driven to drive a feed box loaded with aluminum shells to advance towards the direction of the positioning mechanism;
the support frame is fixed in on the workstation, the movable frame is connected with a first drive arrangement, a drive arrangement is used for driving the movable frame is close to or keeps away from the support frame in order to adjust conveying mechanism's width.
Optionally, the first grabbing mechanism includes a first frame, a first linear driving module, and a first grabbing manipulator connected with the first linear driving module;
the first linear driving module is fixed on the first frame and used for driving the first grabbing manipulator to move along the direction parallel to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism, the first grabbing manipulator is provided with an absorbing end plate for absorbing the aluminum shell, the absorbing end plate is provided with a plurality of vacuum absorption channels, and each vacuum absorption channel is provided with a first vacuum chuck.
Optionally, the positioning mechanism includes a second frame, a second linear driving module, and a supporting table connected to the second linear driving module;
the second linear driving module is arranged on the second rack and used for driving the supporting table to linearly move back and forth between the second grabbing mechanism and the first grabbing mechanism, and a placement position for placing the aluminum shell is arranged on the supporting table;
the width positioning device comprises a fixed width limiting block and a movable width limiting block, the fixed width limiting block is fixed on one side edge of the placement position, the movable width limiting block is arranged opposite to the fixed width limiting block, the movable width limiting block is connected with a third linear driving module fixed on the supporting table, and the third linear driving module is used for driving the movable width limiting block to move towards the direction of the fixed width limiting block so as to limit the width direction of the aluminum shell;
the length positioning device comprises a fixed length limiting block and a movable length limiting block, wherein the fixed length limiting block is fixed on the other side edge of the placement position, the fixed length limiting block is arranged adjacent to the fixed width limiting block, the movable length limiting block is arranged opposite to the fixed length limiting block, the movable length limiting block is connected with a fourth linear driving module fixed on the supporting table, and the fourth linear driving module is used for driving the movable length limiting block to move in the direction of the fixed length limiting block so as to limit the length direction of the aluminum shell.
Optionally, the second grabbing mechanism comprises a third frame, a fifth linear driving module and a second grabbing manipulator connected with the fifth linear driving module;
the fifth linear driving module is fixed on the third rack and is used for driving the second grabbing manipulator to linearly move back and forth between the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanism of the material tray;
the second grabbing mechanical arm comprises a horizontal support plate, a base is arranged on the horizontal support plate, and a second vacuum chuck for adsorbing the aluminum shell is arranged on the base.
Optionally, the number of the bases is two;
the horizontal support plate is also provided with a first motor, a driving belt pulley and a driven belt pulley;
the driving belt pulley and the driven belt pulley are rotatably connected to the horizontal support plate at a preset distance, one end of the driving belt is sleeved on the driving belt pulley, the other end of the driving belt is sleeved on the driven belt pulley, the first motor is connected with the driving belt pulley, and the first motor drives the driving belt pulley to rotate so as to drive the driving belt to rotate clockwise;
the two bases are respectively connected to two opposite sides of the transmission belt, and the second vacuum suction cups on the two bases are positioned on the same straight line;
when the transmission belt is driven to rotate in a first preset rotation direction, the two bases move close to each other;
when the transmission belt is driven to rotate in a second preset rotation direction, the two bases are far away from each other to move.
Optionally, the feeding and discharging mechanism of the tray comprises a fourth rack, a material moving assembly, a feeding assembly for feeding the tray and a discharging assembly for discharging the tray;
the fourth rack is divided into a feeding area and a discharging area which are adjacently arranged;
the feeding assembly is arranged in the feeding area, and the discharging assembly is arranged in the discharging area;
the material moving assembly is arranged on the fourth rack and used for moving the single material tray from the material loading assembly to the material discharging assembly.
Optionally, the feeding assembly includes a first lifting driving module and a feeding trolley capable of being pushed into or pulled out of the feeding area
A feeding storage rack for loading stacked trays is arranged on the feeding trolley;
the first lifting driving module is arranged on the fourth rack, a first supporting arm for supporting the material trays is connected to the first lifting driving module, and the first lifting driving module can drive the first supporting arm to drive the stacked material trays to ascend;
the blanking assembly comprises a second lifting driving module and a blanking trolley which can be pushed in or pulled out and is arranged in a blanking area;
a blanking storage rack for loading stacked trays is arranged on the blanking trolley;
the second lifting driving module is installed on the fourth frame, a second supporting arm for supporting a tray is connected to the second lifting driving module, when the material moving assembly conveys a first tray from the material feeding assembly to the material discharging assembly, the second supporting arm supports the tray until the tray on the second supporting arm is stacked to a preset number by the material moving assembly, and the second lifting driving module drives the second supporting arm to descend so as to place the stacked tray in the material discharging and storing frame.
Optionally, the material moving assembly includes a sixth linear driving module and a moving frame connected with the sixth linear driving module, where the sixth linear driving module is installed on the fourth frame, and the sixth linear driving module is used to drive the moving frame to move back and forth between the feeding area and the discharging area;
the movable frame is provided with a first air cylinder and a second air cylinder, the first air cylinder is connected with a first supporting plate for supporting the width edge of the material tray, and the second air cylinder is connected with a second supporting plate for supporting the length edge of the material tray.
Optionally, the automatic feeding device further comprises a feed box blanking conveyer belt for blanking the empty feed box;
the feeding box blanking conveyer belt is positioned at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism, and the conveying direction of the feeding box blanking conveyer belt is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism.
From the above technical solutions, the embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages:
in the embodiment, the aluminum shell is loaded in the feed box and then is placed on the conveying mechanism for feeding, and the conveying mechanism has the function of adjusting the width, so that the conveying mechanism can adapt to aluminum shells with different specification sizes, for example, when the specification size of the aluminum shell is large, an operator can adjust the width of the conveying mechanism to meet the width of the feed box loaded with the aluminum shell, when the conveying mechanism conveys the feed box loaded with the aluminum shell to the discharge end of the feed box, the first material grabbing mechanism moves to the upper part of the conveying mechanism and sucks the aluminum shell from the feed box, and as the sucking end plate of the first material grabbing mechanism is provided with a plurality of first vacuum sucking discs, the aluminum shell can be stably sucked by selectively opening a certain number of vacuum suckers according to aluminum shells with different specifications and sizes, then the aluminum shells are sucked into the positioning mechanism by the first material grabbing mechanism, the aluminum shells are positioned according to the different specifications and sizes of the aluminum shells by the width positioning device and the length positioning device in the positioning mechanism, after the positioning is finished, the second grabbing mechanism grabs the aluminum shell into the charging tray feeding and discharging mechanism, the charging tray feeding and discharging mechanism is used for feeding and discharging the charging tray, specifically, the second grabbing mechanism grabs the aluminum shell onto the charging tray, and then the charging tray feeding and discharging mechanism finishes discharging the charging tray filled with the aluminum shell, so that the charging process of the aluminum shell is completed. Through the design, the compatible multi-specification feeding machine in the embodiment can carry out dishing feeding aiming at aluminum shells with different specifications, so that the cost input of manufacturers to the aluminum shell feeding machine is effectively reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the invention or the technical solutions of the prior art, the drawings which are used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described, it being obvious that the drawings in the description below are only some embodiments of the invention, and that other drawings can be obtained from these drawings without inventive faculty for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying mechanism in a feeder that is compatible with multiple aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is another schematic view of a conveying mechanism in a feeder compatible with multiple aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a first grabbing mechanism in a feeding machine compatible with multiple specifications of aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged view of a structure of a suction end plate in a first grabbing mechanism in a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a positioning mechanism in a feeder that is compatible with multiple aluminum cases according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a bottom structure of a positioning mechanism in a feeder compatible with multiple aluminum cases according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a structure of a second grabbing mechanism in a feeding machine compatible with multiple aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of a bottom structure of a horizontal support plate in a second grabbing mechanism in a feeding machine compatible with multiple specifications of aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a tray loading and unloading mechanism in a loading machine compatible with multiple specifications of aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding cart and a discharging cart hidden in a feeding mechanism of a tray in a feeding machine compatible with multiple aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a material moving assembly in a material tray loading and unloading mechanism in a loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention;
illustration of: a conveying mechanism 1; a first driving device 101; a conveyor belt 102; a movable frame 103; a support frame 104; a connecting member 105;
a first grabbing mechanism 2; a first chassis 201; a first linear driving module 202; a first grasping robot 203; sucking the end plate 204; a first vacuum chuck 205; a vacuum adsorption channel 206;
a positioning mechanism 3; a second chassis 301; a second linear driving module 302; a support table 303; a placement bit 304; a fourth linear driving module 305; a movable length stopper 306; a fixed length stopper 307; a movable width stopper 308; a fixed width stopper 309; a third linear driving module 310;
a second grabbing mechanism 4; a third frame 401; a fifth linear driving module 402; a second grasping robot 403; a horizontal support plate 404; a base 405; a second vacuum chuck 406; a first motor 407; a drive pulley 408; a driven pulley 409; a drive belt 410;
a charging and discharging mechanism 5 of the charging tray; a fourth housing 501; a material moving component 502; a sixth linear driving module 5021; a moving frame 5022; a first cylinder 5023; a first pallet 5024; a second cylinder 5025; a second pallet 5026; a loading trolley 503; a loading magazine 5031; a blanking trolley 504; a blanking magazine 5041; a first elevation driving module 505; a second lift driving module 506; a first support arm 507; a second support arm 508; a feed box blanking conveyer belt 6;
a feed box A; an aluminum shell B; and a charging tray C.
Detailed Description
The embodiment of the invention discloses a feeding machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells, which is used for solving the technical problem that the existing feeding machine for aluminum shells can only feed aluminum shells of certain specification and cannot be compatible with the feeding of aluminum shells of various specifications.
In order to better understand the aspects of the present invention, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description. It will be apparent that the described embodiments are only some, but not all, embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 12, a loading machine compatible with multiple aluminum shells according to an embodiment of the present invention includes:
the aluminum shell feeding and discharging device comprises a conveying mechanism 1, a positioning mechanism 3, a first grabbing mechanism 2, a tray loading and discharging mechanism 5 and a second grabbing mechanism 4, wherein the width of the conveying mechanism 1 can be adjusted, the conveying mechanism is used for feeding a material box loaded with aluminum shells, the positioning mechanism 3 is used for positioning the aluminum shells, the first grabbing mechanism 2 is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the conveying mechanism 1 onto the positioning mechanism 3, the tray loading and discharging mechanism 5 is used for loading and discharging a tray, and the second grabbing mechanism 4 is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the positioning mechanism 3 onto the tray loading and discharging mechanism 5;
the conveying mechanism 1, the positioning mechanism 3 and the tray feeding and discharging mechanism 5 are sequentially arranged, the first grabbing mechanism 2 is arranged between the conveying mechanism 1 and the positioning mechanism 3, and the second grabbing mechanism 4 is arranged between the positioning mechanism 3 and the tray feeding and discharging mechanism 5;
the first grabbing mechanism 2 is provided with a sucking end plate 204, and the sucking end plate 204 is provided with a plurality of first vacuum chucks 205;
the positioning mechanism 3 has a width positioning device for positioning the width direction of the aluminum case and a length positioning device for positioning the length direction of the aluminum case.
In this embodiment, the aluminum shell is loaded in the feed box and then placed on the conveying mechanism 1 for feeding, therefore, the conveying mechanism 1 has a function of adjustable width, and can adapt to aluminum shells of different specification sizes, for example, when the aluminum shell specification size is larger, an operator can adjust the width of the conveying mechanism 1 to enable the width of the feed box loaded with the aluminum shell, when the conveying mechanism 1 conveys the feed box loaded with the aluminum shell to the discharge end of the feed box, the first grabbing mechanism 2 moves to the upper side of the conveying mechanism 1 and sucks the aluminum shell from the feed box, since the sucking end plate 204 of the first grabbing mechanism 2 is provided with a plurality of first vacuum chucks 205, a certain number of vacuum chucks can be selectively opened according to the aluminum shells of different specification sizes to enable the aluminum shells to be stably sucked, then, the first grabbing mechanism 2 sucks the aluminum shells into the positioning mechanism 3, the width positioning device and the length positioning device in the positioning mechanism 3 position the aluminum shells according to the different sizes of the aluminum shells, after the positioning, the second grabbing mechanism 4 grabs the aluminum shells to the upper side of the feed box to the upper side of the conveying mechanism 1 and sucks the aluminum shells from the upper side of the feed box, the first grabbing mechanism 4 is used for grabbing the aluminum shells to the lower side of the first grabbing mechanism 5, and then the first grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells to finish the upper plate and the lower plate of the upper plate is placed on the aluminum shells, and the lower plate is finished. Through the design, the compatible multi-specification feeding machine in the embodiment can carry out dishing feeding aiming at aluminum shells with different specifications, so that the cost input of manufacturers to the aluminum shell feeding machine is effectively reduced.
Further, referring to fig. 2 and 3, the conveying mechanism 1 in the present embodiment includes a workbench, a conveying belt 102, and a supporting frame 104 and a movable frame 103 that are disposed opposite to each other along a width direction of the conveying belt 102, wherein the conveying belt 102 is located between the supporting frame 104 and the movable frame 103, and the conveying belt 102 can be driven to drive a feed box loaded with aluminum shells to advance toward the positioning mechanism 3;
the support frame 104 is fixed on the workbench, the movable frame 103 is connected with a first driving device 101, and the first driving device 101 is used for driving the movable frame 103 to approach or depart from the support frame 104 so as to adjust the width of the conveying mechanism 1.
It should be noted that, the movable frame 103 is driven by the first driving device 101 to move relative to the supporting frame 104, so as to adjust the width of the conveying mechanism 1, so that the conveying mechanism 1 can transport the bins loaded with aluminum shells with different specifications and sizes, specifically, when the aluminum shells with smaller specifications and sizes are required to be transported, the movable frame 103 is driven by the first driving device 101 to move towards the supporting frame 104 so as to reduce the width of the conveying mechanism 1, and when the aluminum shells with larger specifications and sizes are required to be transported, the movable frame 103 is driven by the first driving device 101 to move towards the direction away from the supporting frame 104 so as to increase the width of the conveying mechanism 1.
In addition, the first driving device 101 is specifically a servo motor module, and specifically, the servo motor module may be a belt-driven servo motor module or a screw-driven servo motor module, which is not limited in this embodiment.
In another embodiment, in order to increase the feeding efficiency of the aluminum shell, the number of the conveying mechanisms 1 in the embodiment may be multiple, the multiple conveying mechanisms 1 may be arranged side by side to synchronously feed the multiple bins of the feed box loaded on the aluminum shell, and the movable frames 103 in each conveying mechanism 1 may be connected with the connecting piece 105 together, and the connecting piece 105 is connected with the first driving device 101, so that the first driving device 101 may drive the multiple movable frames 103 away from the supporting frame 104 or close to the supporting frame 104 at the same time, so as to play a role in synchronously adjusting the width of the conveying mechanism 1.
Further, referring to fig. 4 and 5, the first grabbing mechanism 2 in the present embodiment includes a first frame 201, a first linear driving module 202, and a first grabbing manipulator 203 connected to the first linear driving module 202;
the first linear driving module 202 is fixed on the first frame 201, the first linear driving module 202 is used for driving the first grabbing manipulator 203 to move along a direction parallel to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism 1, the first grabbing manipulator 203 is provided with an absorbing end plate 204 for absorbing aluminum shells, the absorbing end plate 204 is provided with a plurality of vacuum absorption channels 206, and each vacuum absorption channel 206 is provided with a first vacuum chuck 205.
It should be noted that, the suction end plate 204 in this embodiment is designed with a plurality of vacuum suction channels 206, so it can be simply understood that each vacuum suction channel 206 is separately connected to a vacuum system to implement separate vacuum adjustment of each vacuum suction channel 206, so that each first vacuum chuck 205 can have different or the same suction force, and the design of a plurality of first vacuum chucks 205 can adapt to aluminum shells with different specifications and sizes.
In addition, the first gripping robot 203 in the present embodiment is specifically a robot capable of multi-axis movement, which can move left and right, move up and down, rotate, etc. in a space, and the structure thereof is not specifically limited in the present embodiment. The first linear driving module 202 in this embodiment may be a screw driving linear driving module or a belt driving linear driving module.
In another embodiment, in order to increase the feeding efficiency of the aluminum can, the first grabbing mechanism 2 in this embodiment may have a plurality of sucking end plates 204, and the number of sucking end plates 204 is matched with the number of the above-mentioned conveying mechanisms 1, that is, after each grabbing action, the first grabbing mechanism 2 may grab a plurality of aluminum cans simultaneously.
Further, referring to fig. 6 and 7, the positioning mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes a second frame 301, a second linear driving module 302, and a supporting table 303 connected to the second linear driving module 302;
the second linear driving module 302 is mounted on the second rack 301, the second linear driving module 302 is configured to drive the supporting table 303 to linearly move back and forth between the first grabbing mechanism 2 and the second grabbing mechanism 4, and a plurality of placement positions 304 for placing aluminum shells are arranged on the supporting table 303;
the width positioning device comprises a fixed width limiting block 309 and a movable width limiting block 308, the fixed width limiting block 309 is fixed on one side edge of the placement position 304, the movable width limiting block 308 is opposite to the fixed width limiting block 309, the movable width limiting block 308 is connected with a third linear driving module 310 fixed on the supporting table 303, and the third linear driving module 310 is used for driving the movable width limiting block 308 to move towards the direction of the fixed width limiting block 309 so as to limit the width direction of the aluminum shell;
the length positioning device comprises a fixed length limiting block 307 and a movable length limiting block 306, the fixed length limiting block 307 is fixed on the other side edge of the placement position 304, the fixed length limiting block 307 and the fixed width limiting block 309 are adjacently arranged, the movable length limiting block 306 and the fixed length limiting block 307 are oppositely arranged, the movable length limiting block 306 is connected with a fourth linear driving module 305 fixed on the supporting table 303, and the fourth linear driving module 305 is used for driving the movable length limiting block 306 to move towards the direction of the fixed length limiting block 307 so as to limit the length direction of the aluminum shell.
It should be noted that, the positioning mechanism 3 in this embodiment has the following working principle:
the second linear driving module 302 is used for adjusting the position of the supporting table 303, after the adjustment is finished, the aluminum shell is grabbed onto the placement position 304 by the first grabbing mechanism 2, then, the third linear driving module 310 in the width positioning device drives the movable width limiting block 308 to move towards the direction of the fixed width limiting block 309 so as to clamp the aluminum shell, so that the width direction of the aluminum shell is limited, and at the same time, the fourth linear driving module 305 in the length positioning device drives the movable length limiting block 306 to move towards the direction of the fixed length limiting block 307 so as to clamp the aluminum shell, so that the length direction of the aluminum shell is positioned. In the design, the positioning operation can be realized for aluminum shells with different specifications and sizes.
In addition, the second linear driving module 302, the third linear driving module 310, and the fourth linear driving module 305 may be specifically a driving cylinder or a screw driving linear driving module or a belt driving linear driving module.
In another embodiment, in order to increase the feeding efficiency of the aluminum shell, the positioning mechanism 3 may include a plurality of placement positions 304 for placing the aluminum shell, and the width positioning device and the length positioning device simultaneously position the aluminum shell in the plurality of placement positions 304.
Further, referring to fig. 8, the second grabbing mechanism 4 in the present embodiment includes a third frame 401, a fifth linear driving module 402, and a second grabbing manipulator 403 connected to the fifth linear driving module 402;
the fifth linear driving module 402 is fixed on the third frame 401, and the fifth linear driving module 402 is configured to drive the second grabbing manipulator 403 to linearly move back and forth between the positioning mechanism 3 and the tray loading and unloading mechanism 5;
the second grabbing mechanical arm 403 includes a horizontal support plate 404, a base 405 is disposed on the horizontal support plate 404, and a second vacuum chuck 406 for adsorbing the aluminum shell is disposed on the base 405.
It should be noted that, the second vacuum chuck 406 in this embodiment is used for sucking the aluminum shell after positioning, and then the aluminum shell is placed on the charging tray loading and unloading mechanism 5 under the driving of the second grabbing manipulator 403 and the fifth linear driving module 402. Further, in order to improve the feeding efficiency of the aluminum shell, a plurality of sets of second vacuum chucks 406 may be disposed on the base 405 to enable grabbing of a greater number of aluminum shells.
In addition, the second gripping robot 403 in the present embodiment is specifically a robot capable of multi-axis movement, and can move left and right, move up and down, rotate, and the like in a space, and the structure thereof is not specifically limited in the present embodiment. The fifth linear driving module 402 in this embodiment may be a screw driving linear driving module or a belt driving linear driving module.
Further, referring to fig. 9, the number of the bases 405 is two;
the horizontal support plate 404 is further provided with a first motor 407, a driving belt 410, a driving pulley 408 and a driven pulley 409;
the driving belt pulley 408 and the driven belt pulley 409 are rotatably connected to the horizontal support plate 404 at a preset distance, one end of the driving belt 410 is sleeved on the driving belt pulley 408, the other end of the driving belt 410 is sleeved on the driven belt pulley 409, the first motor 407 is connected with the driving belt pulley 408, and the first motor 407 drives the driving belt pulley 408 to rotate so as to drive the driving belt 410 to rotate clockwise;
the two bases 405 are respectively connected to two opposite sides of the driving belt 410, and the second vacuum chucks 406 on the two bases 405 are on the same straight line;
when the driving belt 410 is driven to rotate in a first preset rotation direction (anticlockwise), the two bases 405 move close to each other;
when the drive belt 410 is driven to rotate in a second predetermined rotational direction (clockwise), the two bases 405 move away from each other.
It should be noted that, through the above design, the second grabbing mechanism 4 in this embodiment may enable grabbing two aluminum cases, in addition, under the driving of the first motor 407 and the driving of the belt, the two bases 405 may be far away from or close to each other, that is, the distance between the two bases 405 may be adjusted, and the design is beneficial to the compatibility of aluminum cases with different specifications and sizes, for example, when the specifications and sizes of the aluminum cases are larger, the distance between the two bases 405 needs to be adjusted to be larger, so as to avoid collision between the two aluminum cases.
In addition, in order to improve the feeding efficiency of the aluminum shell, the number of the bases 405 in the embodiment may be increased to four, and when the number of the bases 405 reaches four, a driving structure of one more set of the first motor 407, the driving belt 410, the driving pulley 408 and the driven pulley 409 needs to be added on the horizontal support plate 404 of the second grabbing mechanism 4 in the embodiment, and the two newly added bases 405 are respectively connected to two opposite sides of the driving belt 410, so that when the driving belt 410 rotates, the two bases 405 can be close to or far away from each other.
Further, referring to fig. 10 to 11, the tray loading and unloading mechanism 5 in the present embodiment includes a fourth frame 501, a material moving component 502, a loading component for loading the tray, and a unloading component for unloading the tray;
the fourth frame 501 is divided into a feeding area and a discharging area which are adjacently arranged;
the feeding assembly is arranged in the feeding area, and the discharging assembly is arranged in the discharging area;
the material moving component 502 is disposed on the fourth frame 501 and is used for moving a single tray from the material loading component to the material unloading component.
Specifically, the feeding assembly in this embodiment specifically includes a first lifting driving module 505 and a feeding trolley 503 capable of being pushed into or pulled out of a feeding area
A loading storage rack 5031 for loading stacked trays is arranged on the loading trolley 503;
the first lifting driving module 505 is installed on the fourth frame 501, a first supporting arm 507 for supporting the trays is connected to the first lifting driving module 505, and the first lifting driving module 505 can drive the first supporting arm 507 to drive the stacked trays to rise;
the blanking assembly in this embodiment includes a second lifting driving module 506 and a blanking trolley 504 that can be pushed in or pulled out and is disposed in a blanking area;
a blanking storage rack 5041 for loading stacked trays is arranged on the blanking trolley 504;
the second lifting driving module 506 is installed on the fourth frame 501, a second supporting arm 508 for supporting a tray is connected to the second lifting driving module 506, when the material moving assembly 502 sends a first tray from the material feeding assembly to the material discharging assembly, the second supporting arm 508 supports the tray until the trays on the second supporting arm 508 are stacked to a preset number by the material moving assembly 502, and the second lifting driving module 506 drives the second supporting arm 508 to descend so as to place the stacked tray in the material discharging storage rack 5041.
It should be noted that, the working principle of the charging tray loading and unloading mechanism 5 in this embodiment is as follows:
the plurality of stacked empty trays are placed on the loading storage frame 5031 of the loading trolley 503, then the loading trolley 503 is pushed into the loading area, the first lifting driving module 505 drives the first supporting arm 507 to lift the plurality of stacked empty trays to a preset height, then the second grabbing mechanism 4 places the aluminum shells grabbed by the positioning mechanism 3 into the top-most tray in the stacked empty trays until the tray is full of aluminum shells, the tray is moved onto the unloading assembly by the material moving assembly 502, the second lifting driving module 506 in the unloading assembly drives the second supporting arm 508 to lift so that the second supporting arm 508 can support the tray filled with the aluminum shells on the material moving assembly 502 until the tray on the second supporting arm 508 is stacked to a preset amount by the material moving assembly 502, and the second lifting driving module 506 drives the second supporting arm 508 to descend so as to place the stacked tray into the unloading storage frame 5041.
In addition, the first lifting driving module 505 and the second lifting driving module 506 in this embodiment may be linear driving modules driven by a screw.
Further, referring to fig. 12, the material transferring assembly 502 in this embodiment includes a sixth linear driving module 5021 and a moving frame 5022 connected to the sixth linear driving module 5021, where the sixth linear driving module 5021 is mounted on the fourth frame 501, and the sixth linear driving module 5021 is configured to drive the moving frame 5022 to move back and forth between the feeding area and the discharging area;
the movable frame 5022 is provided with a first cylinder 5023 and a second cylinder 5025, the first cylinder 5023 is connected with a first supporting plate 5024 for supporting the width edge of the material tray, and the second cylinder 5025 is connected with a second supporting plate 5026 for supporting the length edge of the material tray.
It should be noted that, after the tray on the feeding assembly is filled with the aluminum shell, the sixth linear driving module 5021 drives the moving frame 5022 to move to the feeding assembly, then the first cylinder 5023 drives the first supporting plate 5024 to stretch out to support the width edge of the tray, the second cylinder 5025 drives the second supporting plate 5026 to stretch out to support the length edge of the tray, and finally, the sixth linear driving module 5021 drives the moving frame 5022 to move to the discharging assembly with the tray, and the discharging assembly discharges the tray filled with the aluminum shell.
In addition, the sixth linear driving module 5021 in the embodiment may be a screw driving linear driving module or a belt driving linear driving module.
Further, referring to fig. 1, the embodiment further includes a bin blanking conveyor belt 6 for blanking an empty bin;
the material box blanking conveyer belt 6 is positioned at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism 1, and the conveying direction of the material box blanking conveyer belt 6 is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism 1.
It should be noted that, when the aluminum shell in the bin on the conveying mechanism 1 is grabbed, the empty bin will continue to move to the discharge end of the conveying mechanism 1 under the driving of the conveying mechanism 1, then enter the bin discharging conveyor belt 6 from the discharge end of the conveying mechanism 1, and then leave the feeding machine of the compatible multi-specification aluminum shell under the driving of the bin discharging conveyor belt 6 so as to be recycled.
The foregoing describes a feeder for a compatible multi-specification aluminum can, and those skilled in the art will change the specific embodiments and application range according to the concepts of the embodiments of the present invention, so that the disclosure should not be construed as limiting the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The feeding machine compatible with the aluminum shells of multiple specifications is characterized by comprising a conveying mechanism, a positioning mechanism, a first grabbing mechanism, a feeding and discharging mechanism and a second grabbing mechanism, wherein the width of the conveying mechanism can be adjusted, the conveying mechanism is used for feeding a feed box loaded with the aluminum shells, the positioning mechanism is used for positioning the aluminum shells, the first grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the conveying mechanism onto the positioning mechanism, the feeding and discharging mechanism is used for feeding and discharging a feed tray, and the second grabbing mechanism is used for grabbing the aluminum shells on the positioning mechanism onto the feeding and discharging mechanism of the feed tray;
the conveying mechanism, the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanisms of the material tray are sequentially arranged, the first grabbing mechanism is arranged between the conveying mechanism and the positioning mechanism, and the second grabbing mechanism is arranged between the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanisms of the material tray;
the first grabbing mechanism is provided with an absorbing end plate, and the absorbing end plate is provided with a plurality of first vacuum chucks;
the positioning mechanism is provided with a width positioning device for positioning the width direction of the aluminum shell and a length positioning device for positioning the length direction of the aluminum shell.
2. The feeding machine compatible with the multi-specification aluminum shells according to claim 1, wherein the conveying mechanism comprises a workbench, a conveying belt, a supporting frame and a movable frame, wherein the supporting frame and the movable frame are oppositely arranged along the width direction of the conveying belt, the conveying belt is positioned between the supporting frame and the movable frame, and the conveying belt can be driven to drive a feed box loaded with the aluminum shells to advance towards the direction of the positioning mechanism;
the support frame is fixed in on the workstation, the movable frame is connected with a first drive arrangement, a drive arrangement is used for driving the movable frame is close to or keeps away from the support frame in order to adjust conveying mechanism's width.
3. The feeder of compatible multi-specification aluminum shells of claim 1, wherein the first grabbing mechanism comprises a first frame, a first linear driving module and a first grabbing manipulator connected with the first linear driving module;
the first linear driving module is fixed on the first frame and used for driving the first grabbing manipulator to move along the direction parallel to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism, the first grabbing manipulator is provided with an absorbing end plate for absorbing the aluminum shell, the absorbing end plate is provided with a plurality of vacuum absorption channels, and each vacuum absorption channel is provided with a first vacuum chuck.
4. The feeder of compatible multi-specification aluminum shells of claim 1, wherein the positioning mechanism comprises a second frame, a second linear driving module and a supporting table connected with the second linear driving module;
the second linear driving module is arranged on the second rack and used for driving the supporting table to linearly move back and forth between the second grabbing mechanism and the first grabbing mechanism, and a placement position for placing the aluminum shell is arranged on the supporting table;
the width positioning device comprises a fixed width limiting block and a movable width limiting block, the fixed width limiting block is fixed on one side edge of the placement position, the movable width limiting block is arranged opposite to the fixed width limiting block, the movable width limiting block is connected with a third linear driving module fixed on the supporting table, and the third linear driving module is used for driving the movable width limiting block to move towards the direction of the fixed width limiting block so as to limit the width direction of the aluminum shell;
the length positioning device comprises a fixed length limiting block and a movable length limiting block, wherein the fixed length limiting block is fixed on the other side edge of the placement position, the fixed length limiting block is arranged adjacent to the fixed width limiting block, the movable length limiting block is arranged opposite to the fixed length limiting block, the movable length limiting block is connected with a fourth linear driving module fixed on the supporting table, and the fourth linear driving module is used for driving the movable length limiting block to move in the direction of the fixed length limiting block so as to limit the length direction of the aluminum shell.
5. The feeder of compatible multi-specification aluminum shells of claim 1, wherein the second grabbing mechanism comprises a third frame, a fifth linear driving module and a second grabbing manipulator connected with the fifth linear driving module;
the fifth linear driving module is fixed on the third rack and is used for driving the second grabbing manipulator to linearly move back and forth between the positioning mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanism of the material tray;
the second grabbing mechanical arm comprises a horizontal support plate, a base is arranged on the horizontal support plate, and a second vacuum chuck for adsorbing the aluminum shell is arranged on the base.
6. The feeder of compatible multi-gauge aluminum shells of claim 5, wherein the number of bases is two;
the horizontal support plate is also provided with a first motor, a driving belt pulley and a driven belt pulley;
the driving belt pulley and the driven belt pulley are rotatably connected to the horizontal support plate at a preset distance, one end of the driving belt is sleeved on the driving belt pulley, the other end of the driving belt is sleeved on the driven belt pulley, the first motor is connected with the driving belt pulley, and the first motor drives the driving belt pulley to rotate so as to drive the driving belt to rotate clockwise;
the two bases are respectively connected to two opposite sides of the transmission belt, and the second vacuum suction cups on the two bases are positioned on the same straight line;
when the transmission belt is driven to rotate in a first preset rotation direction, the two bases move close to each other;
when the transmission belt is driven to rotate in a second preset rotation direction, the two bases are far away from each other to move.
7. The feeder of compatible multi-specification aluminum shells of claim 1, wherein the tray loading and unloading mechanism comprises a fourth frame, a material moving assembly, a loading assembly for loading the tray and a unloading assembly for unloading the tray;
the fourth rack is divided into a feeding area and a discharging area which are adjacently arranged;
the feeding assembly is arranged in the feeding area, and the discharging assembly is arranged in the discharging area;
the material moving assembly is arranged on the fourth rack and used for moving the single material tray from the material loading assembly to the material discharging assembly.
8. The multi-specification aluminum can compatible feeding machine according to claim 7, wherein the feeding assembly comprises a first lifting driving module and a feeding trolley capable of being pushed in or pulled out and arranged in a feeding area
A feeding storage rack for loading stacked trays is arranged on the feeding trolley;
the first lifting driving module is arranged on the fourth rack, a first supporting arm for supporting the material trays is connected to the first lifting driving module, and the first lifting driving module can drive the first supporting arm to drive the stacked material trays to ascend;
the blanking assembly comprises a second lifting driving module and a blanking trolley which can be pushed in or pulled out and is arranged in a blanking area;
a blanking storage rack for loading stacked trays is arranged on the blanking trolley;
the second lifting driving module is installed on the fourth frame, a second supporting arm for supporting a tray is connected to the second lifting driving module, when the material moving assembly conveys a first tray from the material feeding assembly to the material discharging assembly, the second supporting arm supports the tray until the tray on the second supporting arm is stacked to a preset number by the material moving assembly, and the second lifting driving module drives the second supporting arm to descend so as to place the stacked tray in the material discharging and storing frame.
9. The feeder of compatible standard aluminum cases according to claim 7, wherein the material moving assembly comprises a sixth linear driving module and a moving frame connected with the sixth linear driving module, the sixth linear driving module is mounted on the fourth frame, and the sixth linear driving module is used for driving the moving frame to move back and forth between the feeding area and the discharging area;
the movable frame is provided with a first air cylinder and a second air cylinder, the first air cylinder is connected with a first supporting plate for supporting the width edge of the material tray, and the second air cylinder is connected with a second supporting plate for supporting the length edge of the material tray.
10. The feeder of compatible multi-gauge aluminum cases of claim 1 further comprising a bin blanking conveyor for blanking an empty bin;
the feeding box blanking conveyer belt is positioned at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism, and the conveying direction of the feeding box blanking conveyer belt is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveying mechanism.
CN202310402601.4A 2023-04-14 2023-04-14 Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells Pending CN116281158A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310402601.4A CN116281158A (en) 2023-04-14 2023-04-14 Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202310402601.4A CN116281158A (en) 2023-04-14 2023-04-14 Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN116281158A true CN116281158A (en) 2023-06-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310402601.4A Pending CN116281158A (en) 2023-04-14 2023-04-14 Loading machine compatible with multi-specification aluminum shells

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN116281158A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117002964A (en) * 2023-10-08 2023-11-07 苏州德星云智能装备有限公司 High-speed blade cell gap stacking station

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117002964A (en) * 2023-10-08 2023-11-07 苏州德星云智能装备有限公司 High-speed blade cell gap stacking station
CN117002964B (en) * 2023-10-08 2024-04-05 苏州德星云智能装备有限公司 High-speed blade cell gap stacking station

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