CN115180214A - Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware - Google Patents

Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115180214A
CN115180214A CN202210962915.5A CN202210962915A CN115180214A CN 115180214 A CN115180214 A CN 115180214A CN 202210962915 A CN202210962915 A CN 202210962915A CN 115180214 A CN115180214 A CN 115180214A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
supporting
taking
bottle
supporting plate
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Pending
Application number
CN202210962915.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张田
董备
刘新玺
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Hebei Loyal Technology Co ltd
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Hebei Loyal Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210962915.5A priority Critical patent/CN115180214A/en
Publication of CN115180214A publication Critical patent/CN115180214A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B21/00Packaging or unpacking of bottles
    • B65B21/02Packaging or unpacking of bottles in or from preformed containers, e.g. crates
    • B65B21/04Arranging, assembling, feeding, or orientating the bottles prior to introduction into, or after removal from, containers

Abstract

The invention discloses automatic boxing equipment and a boxing method for glass products, wherein the automatic boxing equipment for glass products comprises a box supplying mechanism assembled on a rack and used for supplying empty boxes; the box taking mechanism is used for taking a single empty box; the box supporting and transferring mechanism is used for supporting and transferring the box body; the charging mechanism is used for transferring the glass products into the box body; the box blocking mechanism is used for inputting the box body filled with the glass products into the box storage mechanism; a magazine mechanism for storing magazines filled with glassware; the automatic boxing method for the glass products comprises the following steps: s1, supplying a box; s2, taking a box; s3, supporting a box; s4, charging; s5, blocking the box; s6, storing the box; s7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps. The invention is convenient for realizing accurate and orderly filling of the boxes with high-efficiency and high-quality glass products. The automatic packing machine is suitable for automatic packing equipment of glass products, and is used for packing bottles on a bottle arranging line into a packing box.

Description

Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of glass product boxing, and particularly relates to automatic boxing equipment and a boxing method for glass products.
Background
The automatic boxing equipment for glass bottle making in the prior art is disclosed in the patent application of the invention of 'automatic glass product boxing system' with the publication number of CN107856903A applied by the applicant. The structure of this application is including getting material and transfering mechanism, first transport mechanism, second transport mechanism and transport mechanism, when using, includes the following step: s1, supporting a box: manually placing a paper empty box body in a stainless steel packaging box frame, supporting the paper empty box body by using the packaging box frame, and conveying the packaging box frame into a box body guide seat of an annular conveying belt of a first conveying mechanism; s2, supplying a box: the packaging box frame and the empty box body are directly conveyed to a boxing position of the glass product by the transmission of the first conveying mechanism; s3, charging: the material taking and transferring mechanism accurately and stably grabs and transfers the boxed glass products into the paper empty box body from the material feeding platform; s4, pushing the box: a servo motor of the transfer mechanism drives the transfer manipulator to move horizontally through a lead screw, namely the transfer manipulator pushes the paper box body filled with the bottle bodies and the packaging box frame of the paper box body from the annular conveying belt of the first conveying mechanism to the annular conveying belt of the second conveying mechanism; s5, storing a box: the annular conveying belt of the second conveying mechanism conveys the paper box body filled with the bottle bodies and the packaging box frame to the next process; s6, taking a box: the stainless steel packing box frame is taken out manually, and the paper box body is taken out from the packing box frame.
The solution described in this application, although enabling an automatic boxing operation of glassware by means of six steps "magazine-supply-loading-push-magazine-take" has the following drawbacks in practical production:
one is that it is time consuming and labor consuming and has high failure rate. Because among the prior art, in order to avoid paper packing box body supplying the box, pushing away the box, store up the box process in because of the box body hardness is low, can't play good bearing effect to the glass bottle body of adorning, therefore at paper packing carton overcoat stainless steel packing box frame, utilize the empty box body of high strength bearing paper of packing box frame, avoid the deformation of paper packing carton to and the confusion of the glass bottle body in the box, damage.
The stainless steel packing box frame consists of a bottom plate and three side plates vertically and fixedly arranged on the bottom plate, and the top surface and the upper side surface of the stainless steel packing box frame are provided with openings so that a paper empty box body can be conveniently placed into the stainless steel packing box frame. The whole weight of the packing box frame is heavy, so that the packing box frame is not convenient for workers to carry back and forth, and wastes time and labor; and the lead screw is when driving the manipulator horizontal migration of transporting, and the operation is not smooth and easy, and the packing box frame blocks easily among first transport mechanism and second transport mechanism, influences normal dress box transportation operation and goes on smoothly.
Secondly, the material taking and transferring mechanism influences the filling of the bottle bodies in the packaging box.
In the prior art, a material taking and transferring mechanism usually utilizes a first transferring component to adsorb the body of a qualified glass bottle, so that the bottle mouth of the first transferring component is placed upwards in a packaging box with an opening on the top surface. The first transfer assembly of the prior art comprises a transfer moving assembly and a nozzle bottle-taking assembly. When the glass bottle conveying device works, the suction nozzle bottle taking assembly adsorbs a glass bottle body required to be conveyed on the bottle arranging line, the glass bottle body is placed at the bottling position of the packaging box under the driving of the conveying moving assembly, and the suction nozzle releases the glass bottles to complete the placement of one row of bottles.
Although this kind of mode of transfering to a certain extent can accomplish to transfer to the packing carton with the qualified glass bottle on the reason bottle line, the packing carton of being inconvenient for is neatly arranged the bottle in full. The bottle taking device is characterized in that the two sides of the bottle arranging line are provided with the baffles for shielding, the suction nozzles are used for sucking the bottle bodies on the bottle arranging line to take bottles, and when the suction nozzles suck the bottle bodies to vertically place the bottles into the packaging box with the top surface being open in a mode that the bottle openings face upwards, the suction nozzles occupy a certain space in the packaging box and influence the placement of the rest rows of bottles in the packaging box. In actual production, in order to ensure that a plurality of residual bottles in the packaging box are fully discharged, the box side edges are required to be opened frequently, so that the suction nozzles are provided with accommodating spaces, after the box body is filled with the box body, the box side edge folding operation is required to be carried out manually, the box packing efficiency is greatly reduced, and the automatic box packing of glass bottles is not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide automatic boxing equipment and a boxing method for glass products, so as to achieve the aim of accurately and orderly filling boxes with the glass products with high efficiency and high quality.
In order to achieve the purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: an automatic boxing apparatus for glass products, comprising, mounted on a frame:
the box supply mechanism is used for supplying empty boxes, and the output positions of the empty boxes correspond to the box taking positions of the box taking mechanism;
the box taking mechanism is used for taking a single empty box, and the box unloading position corresponds to the box supporting position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism;
the box supporting and transferring mechanism is used for supporting and transferring the box body;
the loading mechanism is used for transferring the glass products into the box body, and the unloading position corresponds to the loading position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism;
the box blocking mechanism is used for inputting the box body filled with the glass products on the box supporting and transporting mechanism into the box storing mechanism, the initial position corresponds to the box supporting position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism, and the box blocking position corresponds to the box unloading position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism and the box body input position of the box storing mechanism;
a magazine mechanism for storing magazines filled with glassware.
As the limitation of the invention, the box supply mechanism comprises a pair of chain transmission assemblies which are connected in a synchronous transmission manner, a plurality of box supporting frames are fixedly arranged on the annular chain of the chain transmission assemblies at intervals, and the box supporting frames on the two annular chains are correspondingly provided with adjacent empty box bodies which are horizontally arranged up and down.
As another limitation of the present invention, the magazine transferring mechanism includes:
the box supporting plate is used for supporting the box body and is hinged with the sliding supporting block which is connected to the rack in a sliding manner;
the box supporting horizontal moving component is fixedly arranged on the rack, and the power output end is fixedly connected with the sliding supporting block and is used for driving the box supporting plate to move horizontally;
the box supporting inclining component is used for driving the box supporting plate to incline and comprises a supporting plate arranged corresponding to the position of the box supporting plate on the box supporting plate, and a box supporting linear driver fixedly arranged on the rack, wherein the power output end of the box supporting linear driver is fixedly connected with the supporting plate.
As a further limitation of the present invention, the magazine transferring mechanism further comprises:
the box body left side limiting assembly and the box body right side limiting assembly are respectively assembled on the rack and the box supporting plate and are arranged corresponding to the left side upper and the right side upper outside the box body, and are used for limiting the left-right moving position of the box body;
the first row of bottle body limiting assemblies are arranged corresponding to the first row of bottle bodies on the front side in the box body and comprise limiting moving assemblies fixedly arranged on the rack and used for driving the limiting baffle plates to move and limiting baffle plates connected with the power output ends of the limiting moving assemblies, and a plurality of isolation pads which are arranged at intervals and used for limiting the placement positions of the first row of bottle bodies are assembled on the limiting baffle plates;
the box pulling component is arranged corresponding to the back side of the box body and used for pulling the back side of the box body, and comprises a box pulling base which is connected to the rack in a sliding manner, a box pulling moving component which is assembled on the box pulling base and used for driving the box pulling plate to move, the box pulling plate which is fixedly connected with the power output end of the box pulling moving component, and a box pulling reset spring which is fixedly arranged on the box pulling base and the rack; a box pulling push block for driving the box pulling base to slide is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate corresponding to the box pulling base.
As still further defined in the present invention, the box removing mechanism includes:
the box taking base is connected to the rack in a sliding manner;
the box taking linear driver is fixedly arranged on the box taking base, and the power output end is fixedly provided with a box taking mounting plate;
the box taking sucker is communicated with an air source through a pipeline and is fixedly arranged on the box taking mounting plate;
the box taking reset spring is fixedly arranged between the box taking base and the rack; a box taking pushing block for driving the box taking base to slide is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate corresponding to the box taking base.
As a third definition of the invention, the loading mechanism comprises, mounted on the frame:
the first transferring assembly is used for transferring the bottle bodies to the transferring and storing assembly;
the transfer bottle storage assembly is used for storing transfer bottle bodies, and the bottle placing position corresponds to the bottle unloading position of the first transfer assembly;
the second transfers the subassembly for transfer the bottle to the packing carton in through the bottleneck, get bottleneck position and transfer and deposit a bottle subassembly bottleneck and place the position corresponding, unload the bottleneck position and correspond with the loading position of packing carton.
As still another limitation of the present invention, the magazine stopping mechanism includes:
the box blocking plate is correspondingly assembled between the box supporting position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism and the box body input position of the box storing mechanism;
and the box blocking linear mover is fixedly arranged on the rack, and the power output end and the box blocking plate are fixedly arranged.
As a further limitation of the invention, the magazine mechanism comprises:
the first storage box platform comprises a storage box frame, a first box transmission piece and a storage box linear moving assembly, wherein the storage box frame is used for supporting a box body and is fixedly connected with the power output end of the storage box linear moving assembly;
the second storage box platform is arranged corresponding to the box body output position of the first storage box platform and comprises a storage box supporting plate fixedly arranged on the rack and a second box body transmission part fixedly arranged on the storage box supporting plate and used for conveying box bodies, and the transmission directions of the first box body transmission part and the second box body transmission part are the same.
The invention also provides a glassware automatic boxing method realized by utilizing the glassware automatic boxing equipment, which has the technical scheme that: an automatic glass product boxing method is realized by using automatic glass product boxing equipment, and comprises the following steps:
s1, supplying a box: the box supply mechanism outputs empty boxes;
s2, taking a box: the box taking mechanism at the box taking position takes a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism;
s3, supporting a box: the box taking mechanism unloads the taken single empty box into a box supporting and transferring mechanism at a box supporting position;
s4, charging: the loading mechanism takes the glass products to be boxed and transfers the glass products to the box supporting and transporting mechanism at the loading position;
s5, blocking the box: the box blocking mechanism is positioned at an initial position, so that the box supporting and transferring mechanism transfers the box body filled with the glass products to a box unloading position; the box blocking mechanism blocks the box, the box supporting and transporting mechanism moves to the box supporting position, and the box body filled with the glass products is transported to the box body input position of the box storing mechanism;
s6, storing a box: after the box storage mechanism stores a plurality of box bodies filled with glass products, the box bodies are output by the box storage mechanism;
s7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
As a limitation of the invention, s1. Supply cartridge: the empty box bodies are horizontally placed on the corresponding box supporting frames at intervals up and down, and the synchronous transmission chain transmission assembly drives the box supporting frames to output the empty box bodies upwards;
s2, taking a box: the box taking linear driver at the box taking position drives the box taking sucker to suck a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism;
s3, supporting the box: the box taking linear driver drives the box taking sucker and the empty box to move upwards, the box taking sucker releases the empty box, and the empty box falls on a box supporting plate at a box supporting position; the left side limiting component and the right side limiting component of the box body limit the left side and the right side of the box body;
the box supporting linear driver controls the supporting plate to move, the box supporting plate inclines, and the box supporting plate is located at a charging position;
the limiting moving assembly controls the limiting baffle to move to a position corresponding to the first row of bottle bodies at the front side in the box body;
the box pulling moving assembly controls the box pulling plate to pull the rear side of the box body;
s4, charging: the first transfer moving assembly controls the first suction nozzle to take bottles and then moves a row of adsorbed bottles to the bottle receiving groove, the second transfer moving assembly controls the second suction nozzle to move to the bottle receiving groove to adsorb bottle openings and take transfer bottles, and then the second transfer moving assembly drives the row of adsorbed bottles to move into a packaging box of the box supporting and transferring mechanism, and the second suction nozzle releases the row of adsorbed bottles to a loading position in the packaging box;
two adjacent rows of bottle bodies are arranged in the packing box in a staggered way, and the materials are circularly charged until the box bodies are filled;
s5, blocking the box:
the box blocking linear mover controls the box blocking plate to move to an initial position, and the box supporting horizontal moving assembly drives the box supporting plate and a box body filled with glass products to be horizontally transferred to a box unloading position of the box supporting plate; when the box supporting plate moves horizontally, the box pulling return spring and the box taking return spring respectively drive the box pulling assembly and the box taking mechanism to return, the box taking mechanism is located at a box taking position, and the box pulling assembly is far away from a loading position;
the box blocking linear mover controls the box blocking plate to move to the box blocking position, meanwhile, the box supporting horizontal moving assembly drives the box supporting plate to return to the box supporting position, and the box body filled with the glass products is left on the box body input position of the first box storage platform; when the box supporting plate moves horizontally, the box taking pushing block pushes the box taking base to be far away from the box taking position, and the box taking return spring is stretched; the box pulling push block pushes the box pulling base to move to a loading position, and the box pulling return spring is stretched;
s6, storing a box: each layer of box bodies filled with glass products are stacked on the box storage rack from top to bottom, and the box storage linear moving assembly controls the first box storage platform to move downwards by one layer;
until the storage box frame is lowered to the height same as that of the storage box supporting plate, the first box body transmission part and the second box body transmission part drive the upper box body of the storage box frame to move to the storage box supporting plate, all the box bodies are output to the storage box supporting plate, and a plurality of layers of box bodies filled with glass products are taken out from the storage box supporting plate;
s7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme, compared with the prior art, the automatic boxing equipment for the glass products has the following beneficial effects:
(1) The invention relates to an improvement of the existing automatic packing equipment for glass products, which can realize the accurate and orderly packing of the glass products with high efficiency and high quality by supplying boxes, taking boxes, supporting boxes, loading, blocking boxes and storing boxes. Through supplying box mechanism output empty box body promptly, by getting box mechanism from box body output position empty box body, the cooperation holds in the palm box transport mechanism to the bearing and the accurate spacing of box body, will be by the charging mechanism simultaneously from reason bottle on-line by the accurate orderly firm snatching of boxed glassware, transfer to empty box internal to by keeping off box mechanism will be filled the boxed glassware and transfer to storing up and outwards export in the box mechanism.
(2) Compared with the prior art, the automatic box supporting device has the advantages that the mode of firstly taking the box and then supporting the box is adopted, a packaging box frame with higher hardness is not required to be used for supporting the paper packaging box, the automatic box supporting of the paper packaging box can be conveniently realized, the labor intensity of workers in carrying back and forth is reduced, and time and labor are saved; and the box body is effectively ensured to be stably output to the box storage mechanism by combining the box blocking mechanism, the failure rate is reduced, and the smooth operation of the box packing work is ensured.
(3) According to the box supporting and transferring mechanism, the left and right moving positions of the box body can be limited by arranging the box body left side limiting assembly and the box body right side limiting assembly, and the positioning accuracy of the packaging box is improved; the first row of bottle body limiting assemblies are combined, the first row of bottle bodies filled into the box body can be prevented from falling due to lack of positioning, the stability of the first row of bottle body box filling is improved, and the transfer of the subsequent bottle bodies is prevented from being influenced; combine the box subassembly that draws that sets up, the box body has accommodation space when guaranteeing last row of bottle dress box, makes last row of bottle fill the packing carton smoothly, guarantees to be adorned accurate orderly range of box glass article.
(4) The invention discloses a charging mechanism which is an improvement of a bottle taking and transferring mechanism of original glass bottle packing box equipment, namely, a bottle body transfer station is added between a bottle arranging line and a packing box of an automatic packing machine, the original bottle body is transferred from the bottle arranging line to the packing box of the automatic packing machine through adsorption/clamping, the improvement is that the transfer of a qualified bottle body from the bottle arranging line to a transfer bottle storage component is realized through adsorption/clamping, and then the transfer of the transfer bottle body from the transfer bottle storage component to the packing box of the automatic packing machine is realized through adsorption/clamping of a bottle mouth.
According to the invention, the bottle transfer and storage assembly is arranged, so that the second transfer assembly vertically puts the bottles into the packaging box through the adsorption bottle opening, the situation that the suction nozzles occupy the space in the packaging box and influence the placement of the rest rows of bottles in the packaging box in the prior art is effectively avoided, the bottles are ensured to be arranged and fully arranged in the packaging box row by row, the box packing efficiency is improved, and the automatic box packing of glass bottles is conveniently realized.
According to the bottle transferring and storing assembly, the push plate is arranged, so that the bottle bodies which are not adsorbed by the second transferring assembly and are still left on the bottle receiving groove can be pushed away from the bottle receiving groove, the first transferring assembly is not influenced to neatly place the bottle bodies in the bottle receiving groove, and the next row of bottle bodies is guaranteed to be smoothly placed in the packaging box.
The automatic packing machine is suitable for automatic packing equipment of glass products, and is used for packing bottles on a bottle arranging line into a packing box.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the following figures and specific examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a corresponding relationship between a tray position of a tray transfer mechanism and an initial position of a tray blocking mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view showing a corresponding relationship among a loading position of the tray transferring mechanism, an initial position of the blocking mechanism, and a magazine position of the magazine mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of a corresponding relationship among a box body output position of the box supplying mechanism, a box taking position of the box taking mechanism, a box unloading position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism, and a box blocking position of the box blocking mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a tray transfer mechanism in a loading position according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a structure of a tray plate according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the magazine mechanism according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the correspondence between the bottle straightening line, the filling mechanism and the packing box in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of a charging mechanism in accordance with embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a transfer bottle assembly in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a first transfer assembly; 12. a first transverse moving module; 13. a first lifting moving module; 14. a first mounting plate; 15. a first suction nozzle;
2. a transfer bottle assembly; 21. receiving a bottle rack; 22. a bottle receiving groove; 23. a linear actuator; 24. pushing the plate;
3. a second transfer assembly; 31. a second transverse moving module; 32. a second lifting moving module; 33. a second longitudinal moving module; 34. a rotator; 35. a second mounting plate; 36. a second suction nozzle;
4. arranging bottle lines;
5. packaging boxes;
6. a cassette supply mechanism; 61. an endless chain; 62. a box supporting frame;
7. a tray transfer mechanism; 71. a box supporting plate; 72. the tray horizontally moves the assembly; 731. a cartridge-supporting linear actuator; 732. a support plate; 733. a sliding support block; 74. a box body left side limiting component; 75. a box body right side limiting component; 76. a first row of bottle body limiting assemblies; 761. a limit baffle; 762. an isolation pad; 763. a limiting moving component; 77. a pull box assembly; 771. a pull box base; 772. a pull box moving assembly; 773. pulling the box plate; 774. a pull box return spring; 775. pulling the box push block;
8. a box taking mechanism; 81. taking a box base; 82. a cartridge taking linear driver; 83. a box taking sucker is taken; 84. taking a box return spring; 85. taking a box pushing block;
9. a box blocking mechanism; 91. a box blocking plate; 92. a linear shifter of the blocking box;
101. a first magazine platform; 1011. a magazine rack; 1012. the first box body transmission part, the 1013 and the storage box linear moving component;
102. a second magazine platform; 1021. a magazine pallet; 1022. the second box transmission part.
Detailed Description
Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the description of the preferred embodiment is only for purposes of illustration and understanding, and is not intended to limit the invention.
Embodiment 1 automatic boxing equipment for glass products
The embodiment is an improvement of the existing automatic glass product boxing equipment, and the accurate and orderly glass product filling boxes are realized through 'box supplying, box taking, box supporting, box feeding, box blocking and box storing'. Through supplying box mechanism 6 to export the empty box body promptly, by getting box mechanism 8 from the box body output position empty box body of getting, the cooperation holds in the palm the bearing and accurate spacing of box transport mechanism 7 to the box body, simultaneously by the charging mechanism from reason bottle line 4 on will be packed the accurate orderly firm glass product of box snatch, transmit on to the empty box in vivo to by keeping off box mechanism 9 and will be transferred to the glass product who fills with the box and outwards export in storing up the box mechanism.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the present embodiment includes a box supplying mechanism 6, a box taking mechanism 8, a box supporting and transporting mechanism 7, a loading mechanism, a box blocking mechanism 9, and a box storing mechanism, which are assembled on the rack.
1. Supply box mechanism 6
The supply mechanism 6 is used to supply the empty cassette to the take-out mechanism 8.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the box supply mechanism 6 comprises a pair of chain transmission assemblies which are connected in a synchronous transmission manner, the chain transmission assemblies are annular chains 61 which are rotationally transferred on the rack, the two annular chains 61 are arranged in parallel at the left and right and are connected in a transmission manner through a chain transmission piece, and the output end of a box supply motor is connected with the power input end of the chain transmission piece. A plurality of box supporting frames 62 are fixedly arranged on each annular chain 61 at intervals, and the box supporting frames 62 on the two annular chains 61 are correspondingly arranged and used for separating adjacent hollow box bodies which are horizontally arranged up and down. The empty box position on which the box supporting frame 62 at the uppermost layer of the chain transmission assembly is placed is the empty box output position of the box supply mechanism 6.
2. Box taking mechanism 8
Get box mechanism 8 and be used for getting single empty box, lift off single empty box and supply box mechanism 6 so that hold in the palm box transport mechanism 7 and hold empty box by the empty box below. The box-taking mechanism 8 has two working positions: a cassette taking position and a cassette unloading position. The box taking position of the box taking mechanism 8 corresponds to the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism 6, and the box unloading position of the box taking mechanism 8 corresponds to the box supporting position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the cartridge taking mechanism 8 includes a cartridge taking base 81, a cartridge taking linear actuator 82, a cartridge taking suction cup 83, and a cartridge taking return spring 84. The box taking base 81 is connected to the rack in a sliding mode through a sliding rail slide way, the box taking linear driver 82 is fixedly installed on the box taking base 81, the box taking installation plate is fixedly installed on the power output end of the box taking linear driver 82, a plurality of box taking suckers 83 are fixedly installed on the box taking installation plate, the box taking suckers 83 are communicated with an air source through pipelines, and the box taking suckers 83 are located above the box supplying mechanism 6. The box taking linear driver 82 drives the box taking sucker 83 to move downwards to the position of the empty box on the uppermost layer of the box supplying mechanism 6 to suck the empty box, and the box taking mechanism 8 takes the box. The box taking linear driver 82 drives the box taking sucker 83 and the box body to move upwards to the position above the box supporting plate 71, the box taking mechanism 8 unloads the box, and the box unloading position of the box taking sucker 83 is located above the box supporting plate 71.
As shown in fig. 4, a box taking return spring 84 is fixedly installed between the box taking base 81 and the rack for driving the box taking mechanism 8 to return. A box taking pushing block 85 is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate 71 of the box supporting and transferring mechanism 7 corresponding to the box taking base 81, so that the box taking base 81 is driven by the box taking pushing block 85 to slide by utilizing the movement of the box supporting plate 71. When the box supporting plate 71 is in the box unloading position, the box taking return spring 84 is in a natural state, and the box taking base 81 drives the box taking sucker 83 to be in the box taking position, as shown in fig. 3; when the tray plate 71 is in the tray position, the cassette taking pushing block 85 pushes against the cassette taking base 81 to make the cassette taking mechanism 8 be in a position away from the cassette taking position, and the cassette taking return spring 84 is stretched, as shown in fig. 4.
3. Tray transfer mechanism 7
The box supporting and transferring mechanism 7 is used for supporting and transferring the box body, namely, supporting the empty box released by the box taking mechanism 8, and transferring the box body filled with the bottle body to the box storing mechanism.
As shown in fig. 4, the tray transferring mechanism 7 includes a tray plate 71, a tray horizontal moving assembly 72 for driving the tray plate 71 to move horizontally, and a tray tilting assembly for driving the tray plate 71 to tilt. The box supporting plate 71 is positioned below the box taking mechanism 8 and above the box supplying mechanism 6, and the bottom surface of the box body is placed on the box supporting plate 71 and used for supporting the box body. A sliding support block 733 is slidably connected to the frame below the box supporting plate 71, and the sliding support block 733 is hinged to the box supporting plate 71 through a hinge. The box supporting horizontal moving assembly 72 is fixedly arranged on the rack, and the power output end of the box supporting horizontal moving assembly is indirectly and fixedly connected with the box supporting plate 71 through the sliding supporting block 733, so that the sliding supporting block 733 can slide along with the box supporting plate 71. The tray horizontal moving assembly 72 is a structure capable of realizing horizontal linear movement in the prior art, and in this embodiment, the tray horizontal moving assembly 72 is a belt transmission assembly driven by a tray motor. The box supporting inclining assembly is used for driving the box supporting plate 71 to incline so as to transfer the bottles to be stably boxed and avoid falling the bottles. The tray tilting assembly is located below the tray plate 71 and includes a tray linear actuator 731 and a support plate 732 fixed to the frame. The power output end of the box supporting linear driver 731 is fixedly connected with the supporting plate 732, the supporting plate 732 is arranged at a position corresponding to the box supporting position of the box supporting plate 71, when the box supporting linear driver 731 drives the supporting plate 732 to move upwards, the supporting plate 732 supports the box supporting plate 71 to incline the box supporting plate 71, and the sliding supporting block 733 provides support for the box supporting plate 71 in an inclined state.
Under the action of the tray horizontal moving assembly 72 and the tray tilting assembly, the tray plate 71 has three working positions: a magazine position, a loading position and a discharge position. The position of the box supporting is that after the material taking mechanism takes the material, the box supporting horizontal moving component 72 drives the box supporting plate 71 to move to a position below the empty box taken by the material taking mechanism, and is used for supporting the empty box, and the box supporting plate 71 is in a horizontal state, as shown in fig. 1. The loading position is that the tray tilting assembly tilts and positions the tray plate 71 which is in the tray position, and loads the box body in the tilted state, as shown in fig. 2. The unloading position refers to that the tray plate 71 which is originally at the tray position is horizontally moved to the upper part of the storage mechanism under the driving of the tray horizontal moving assembly 72, and at the moment, the upper box body of the tray plate 71 is filled with the bottle bodies to wait for unloading the boxes, as shown in fig. 3.
Preferably, in order to ensure the accuracy of the loading position, the tray transfer mechanism 7 further comprises a tray body left side limiting component 74, a tray body right side limiting component 75, a first row of bottle body limiting component 76 and a box pulling component 77.
As shown in FIG. 2, the left side limiting assembly 74 is mounted on the frame and is disposed corresponding to the outer surface of the left side of the box for limiting the box from moving to the left. The left limit component 74 of the box body can be a convex block or a left limit stop assembled on the frame.
As shown in fig. 5, the box right-side limiting component 75 is assembled on the box supporting plate 71, and is disposed corresponding to the outer surface of the right side of the box, and is used for limiting the box from moving rightward, and together with the box left-side limiting component 74, the box is clamped in the box left-side limiting component 74 and the box right-side limiting component 75. The box body right limiting component 75 is a hinge, the hinge inner sheet is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate 71, and the hinge outer sheet protrudes out of the box supporting plate 71 in a natural state and is used for limiting the box body to move.
As shown in FIG. 4, the first row of bottle body limiting assemblies 76 is disposed corresponding to the first row of bottle bodies on the front side in the box body. A place the position for when loading in the box body restriction first row of bottle, avoid first row of bottle to fall the bottle. The first row of bottle body limiting assemblies 76 includes a limiting movement assembly 763 and a limiting barrier 761. The limiting moving assembly 763 is fixedly arranged on the rack and used for driving the limiting baffle 761 to move, and the power output end of the limiting moving assembly is fixedly connected with the limiting baffle 761. The limiting moving assembly 763 comprises a limiting lifter for driving the limiting baffle 761 to ascend and descend and a limiting expansion piece for driving the limiting baffle 761 to expand back and forth, the limiting lifter and the limiting expansion piece can be linear cylinders, the limiting lifter is fixedly mounted on the rack, the limiting expansion piece is fixedly mounted on the power output end of the limiting lifter, and the limiting baffle 761 is fixedly mounted on the power output end of the limiting expansion piece. A plurality of isolation pads 762 arranged at intervals are fixedly arranged on the limiting baffle 761, and the isolation pads 762 are arranged at positions corresponding to the placement positions of the first row of bottles, so that the isolation pads 762 are positioned between two adjacent bottles in the first row of bottles.
As shown in fig. 2 and 4, the pulling assembly 77 is disposed corresponding to the rear side of the bottle body for pulling the rear side of the bottle body to fill the bottle body. The pull cassette assembly 77 includes a pull cassette base 771, a pull cassette movement assembly 772, a pull cassette plate 773, and a pull cassette return spring 774. The drawer base 771 is connected to the frame through a slide rail and a slide way. The pull box base 771 is provided with a pull box moving assembly 772 for driving the pull box plate 773 to move to the pull box position, and the pull box moving assembly 772 is a linear mover capable of moving linearly back and forth and can be a linear cylinder. A pull box plate 773 is fixedly mounted at the power output end of the pull box moving assembly 772. A pull box return spring 774 is fixedly arranged between the pull box base 771 and the rack and used for driving the pull box component 77 to return. A drawer push block 775 is fixedly arranged on the drawer supporting plate 71 corresponding to the drawer base 771, so that the drawer base 771 is driven to slide by the drawer push block 775 by utilizing the movement of the drawer supporting plate 71. When the box supporting plate 71 is in the box supporting position, the box pulling pushing block 775 pushes against the box pulling base 771 to enable the box pulling plate 773 to be in the box pulling position, and the box pulling return spring 774 is stretched, as shown in fig. 4; when the box pulling plate 773 is in the box unloading position, the box pulling return spring 774 is in a natural state, and the box pulling assembly 77 is in a position far away from the box pulling position, as shown in fig. 3.
4. Charging mechanism
And the charging mechanism is used for transferring the glass products into the box body, the material taking position corresponds to the bottle output position of the bottle arranging line 4, and the discharging position of the charging mechanism corresponds to the charging position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7. As shown in fig. 7 to 9, the loading mechanism includes a first transfer unit 1, a transfer bottle unit 2, and a second transfer unit 3 mounted on the frame.
First transfer assembly 1
The first transferring component 1 is used for transferring qualified bottles on the bottle arranging line 4 to the transferring and storing bottle component 2, the transferring of the bottles can be realized by the first transferring component 1 through a mode of adsorbing/clamping a bottle body, namely, the bottle taking position of the first transferring component 1 corresponds to the bottle discharging position of the bottle arranging line 4, and the bottle unloading position of the first transferring component 1 corresponds to the bottle placing position of the transferring and storing bottle component 2. The bottle body can be the outer side wall or the bottom of the bottle body except the position of the bottle opening.
The first transferring assembly 1 may adopt a moving transferring structure capable of transferring the bottles to the transferring and storing assembly 2. The first transfer component 1 comprises a first transfer moving assembly fixedly arranged on the frame and a first bottle taking assembly assembled at the power output end of the first transfer moving assembly. The first transfer moving assembly is used for controlling the moving position of the bottle body, and a mechanical structure which can drive the bottle body to move in the prior art can be adopted. The first bottle taking assembly is used for taking a bottle through a bottle body, namely the bottle body can be clamped or adsorbed to achieve bottle taking, and the first bottle taking assembly can be a mechanical clamping jaw or a suction nozzle.
In this embodiment, first transfer removes the assembly and can drive the horizontal, the oscilaltion of first bottle assembly of getting and remove. As shown in fig. 8, it includes a first traverse module 12 fixed on the frame and a first lifting module 13 mounted at the power output end of the first traverse module 12. The first bottle taking assembly comprises a first mounting plate 14 fixedly mounted at the power output end of the first lifting moving module 13 and N first suction nozzles 15 fixedly mounted on the first mounting plate 14 in parallel, the first suction nozzles 15 are communicated with an air source through pipelines, and the first suction nozzles 15 can adsorb a plurality of glass bottles placed on a row.
(II) transfer bottle storage component 2
The transfer bottle storage component 2 is used for storing transfer bottle bodies, and the bottle bodies placed on the transfer bottle storage component 2 are transfer bottle bodies. As shown in fig. 9, the transfer bottle assembly 2 includes a bottle receiving frame 21 fixed on the frame, the bottle receiving frame 21 is provided with N bottle receiving slots 22 for fixing the bottle positions, and the bottle receiving slots 22 are U-shaped for clamping the bottle. The bottle receiving frame 21 is also fixedly provided with a linear actuator 23, and the linear actuator 23 can be a linear air cylinder. The power output end of the linear driver 23 is fixedly provided with a push plate 24, and the push plate 24 is positioned on the bottle receiving groove 22. When the push plate 24 is in the initial state, the bottle body can be placed on the bottle pushing groove. When the pushing plate 24 is driven by the linear driver 23 to move along the axial direction of the bottles, the pushing plate 24 can push the bottles on the bottle pushing groove away from the bottle receiving groove 22, so as to prevent the bottles which are not taken away by the second transfer assembly 3 from remaining in the bottle receiving groove 22 to affect the placement of the next row of bottles.
(III) a second transfer assembly 3
The second transfer assembly 3 is used for clamping/adsorbing the bottle mouth to transfer the transfer bottle body on the transfer bottle storage assembly 2 to the packaging box 5 of the automatic boxing machine, namely, the bottle opening placing position of the transfer bottle storage assembly 2 corresponds to the bottle opening taking position of the second transfer assembly 3, and the bottle opening unloading position of the second transfer assembly 3 corresponds to the loading position of the packaging box 5.
The second transfer unit 3 may have a structure capable of transferring and moving the bottles. The second transfer component 3 comprises a second transfer moving assembly fixedly arranged on the frame and a second bottle taking assembly assembled at the power output end of the second transfer moving assembly. The second transfer moving assembly is used for controlling the moving position of the bottle body and can adopt a mechanical structure which can drive the bottle body to move in the prior art. The second bottle taking assembly is used for taking a bottle through the bottle opening, namely the bottle opening can be clamped or adsorbed to achieve bottle taking, and the second bottle taking assembly can be a mechanical clamping jaw or a suction nozzle.
In this embodiment, the second transfer moving assembly can drive the second bottle taking assembly to move horizontally, vertically and vertically. As shown in fig. 8, the second transfer moving assembly includes a second traverse module 31 fixed on the frame, a second elevation moving module 32 assembled at the power output end of the second traverse module 31, a second longitudinal moving module 33 assembled at the power output end of the second elevation moving module 32, and a rotator 34 assembled at the power output end of the second longitudinal moving module 33. The second bottle taking assembly comprises a second mounting plate 35 fixedly mounted at the power output end of the rotator 34 and N second suction nozzles 36 fixedly mounted on the second mounting plate 35 in parallel, the second suction nozzles 36 are communicated with an air source through pipelines, and the second suction nozzles 36 can adsorb a plurality of glass bottles placed on a row.
The first transverse moving module 12, the first lifting moving module 13, the second transverse moving module 31, the second lifting moving module 32 and the second longitudinal moving module 33 can adopt a linear moving structure in the prior art, and can comprise a motor, a screw rod fixedly arranged at the power output end of the motor and a screw nut in threaded connection with the screw rod. The rotator 34 may be a rotating motor.
5. Box blocking mechanism 9
The box blocking mechanism 9 is used for inputting the box body filled with the glass products on the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7 into the box storing mechanism. The catch box has two working positions: an initial position and a catch box position. The initial position of the box blocking mechanism 9 corresponds to the box holding position of the box holding transferring mechanism 7, as shown in fig. 1; the box blocking position of the box blocking mechanism 9 corresponds to the box unloading position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7 and the box body input position of the box storing mechanism, and is shown in figure 3.
The box blocking mechanism 9 is fixedly arranged between the box supporting position and the box unloading position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7. The magazine catch mechanism 9 includes a magazine catch plate 91 and a magazine catch linear mover 92. The box blocking linear mover 92 is fixedly arranged on the rack and used for driving the box blocking plate 91 to move linearly. The power output end of the box blocking linear mover 92 is fixedly provided with a box blocking plate 91, and the box blocking plate 91 is correspondingly assembled between the box supporting position of the box supporting transport mechanism 7 and the box body input position of the box storage mechanism.
The initial position of the box blocking mechanism 9 is: the box blocking plate 91 is located above the box supporting plate 71 and the box body, and can enable the box supporting plate 71 located at the box supporting position to horizontally move the box supporting plate 71 to the box unloading position of the box supporting plate 71 through the box supporting horizontal moving assembly 72, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2. The box blocking position of the box blocking mechanism 9 is as follows: the linear box blocking mover 92 drives the box blocking plate 91 to move downwards, so that only the box body filled with the bottle bodies on the box supporting plate 71 is blocked, and the box supporting plate 71 can still move horizontally under the driving of the box supporting horizontal moving assembly 72, as shown in fig. 3.
6. Storage box mechanism
The magazine mechanism is used to receive the boxes filled with the glass products removed from the magazine plate 71 and to store the boxes filled with the bottles. The magazine position of the magazine mechanism is located below the magazine supporting plate 71, and the magazine supporting plate 71 is under the magazine stopping effect of the magazine stopping mechanism 9, as shown in fig. 3, so that the magazine can be left at the magazine unloading position and the magazine can fall into the magazine position of the magazine mechanism. As shown in fig. 6, the magazine mechanism includes a first magazine platform 101 and a second magazine platform 102.
A first magazine platform 101 for receiving a full magazine and driving the magazine to move downwardly. The first magazine platform 101 includes a magazine rack 1011, a first magazine drive 1012, and a magazine linear motion assembly 1013. A magazine linear movement assembly 1013 is mounted to the frame for moving the first magazine platform 101 linearly up and down. The magazine linear movement assembly 1013 is a chain drive driven by a motor. A box storage rack 1011 is fixedly arranged on a chain of the chain transmission part, and the box storage rack 1011 is used for supporting a box body. The magazine rack 1011 is provided with a first magazine driving member 1012, the first magazine driving member 1012 is used for outputting the magazines from the magazine rack 1011 to the second magazine platform 102, and the first magazine driving member 1012 is a magazine belt driving member driven by a magazine motor.
And the second magazine platform 102 is used for receiving the plurality of layers of bottle-filled magazines which are output from the first magazine platform 101 and stacked from top to bottom. The second magazine platform 102 is disposed corresponding to the magazine output position of the first magazine platform 101, and includes a magazine support plate 1021 and a second magazine transmission member 1022. The storage box supporting plate 1021 is fixedly arranged outside the frame and used for supporting the box body. The magazine support 1021 is provided with a second magazine driving member 1022. The first cassette transmission member 1012 and the second cassette transmission member 1022 have the same transmission direction, and are used for translating the bottles on the first magazine platform 101 to the magazine pallet 1021. The second cassette transmission 1022 is a second belt transmission driven by a second motor.
The linear pick-up actuator 82 is a linear cylinder, the linear tray actuator 731 is a linear cylinder, and the linear cassette mover 92 is a linear cylinder, and may be a linear cylinder capable of moving linearly as in the prior art.
The method of use of this example is shown in example 2.
Example 2 automatic boxing method for glass products
The automatic glass product boxing apparatus of embodiment 1, under the control of the glass product boxing system controller, comprises the following steps:
s1, supplying a box: the supply cassette mechanism 6 outputs an empty cassette as shown in fig. 3.
S2, taking a box: the box taking mechanism 8 at the box taking position takes a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism 6.
S3, supporting the box: the magazine taking mechanism 8 discharges the taken single empty magazine into the magazine transferring mechanism 7 at the magazine position, as shown in fig. 1.
S4, charging: the loading mechanism takes the glass articles to be cased and transfers them to the magazine transfer mechanism 7 in the loading position, as shown in fig. 7.
S5, blocking the box: the box blocking mechanism 9 is positioned at the initial position, so that the box supporting and transporting mechanism 7 transports the box body filled with the glass products to the box unloading position; as shown in fig. 3, the cassette blocking mechanism 9 blocks the cassette while the cassette transfer mechanism 7 moves to the cassette receiving position, and the cassette filled with the glass products is transferred to the cassette input position of the cassette storage mechanism;
s6, storing a box: after the box storage mechanism stores a plurality of box bodies filled with glass products, the box bodies are output by the box storage mechanism.
S7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
In this embodiment, the tray position and the loading position of the tray transfer mechanism 7 may be the same position, that is, the tray tilting component does not drive the tray plate 71 to tilt, and the tray plate 71 is always in a horizontal state to tray. The box supporting position and the material loading position of the box supporting transfer mechanism 7 can be two working positions, the box supporting position, namely the box supporting plate 71 is in a horizontal state to support the box, and the material loading position, namely the box supporting inclined component drives the box supporting plate 71 to incline and then load.
EXAMPLE 3 automatic boxing method for glassware
This embodiment is a further refinement on the basis of embodiment 2. Under the control of a glassware boxing system controller, the method comprises the following steps:
s1, supplying a box: the empty boxes are horizontally placed on the corresponding box supporting frames 62 at intervals from top to bottom, and the synchronous transmission chain transmission assembly drives the box supporting frames 62 to output the empty boxes upwards, as shown in fig. 3.
S2, taking a box: the box taking linear driver 82 at the box taking position drives the box taking sucker 83 to move downwards, and the box taking sucker 83 sucks a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism 6.
S31, supporting a box: the box taking linear driver 82 drives the box taking sucker 83 and the empty box to move upwards, the empty box is suspended above the box supporting plate 71, the box taking sucker 83 releases the empty box, and the empty box falls on the box supporting plate 71 at the box supporting position; and the box body is positioned between the left limit stop and the outer sheet of the hinge so as to limit the left side and the right side of the box body, as shown in figure 1.
S32, inclining the box supporting plate 71: the cartridge supporting linear actuator 731 moves the supporting plate 732 upward, and the supporting plate 732 abuts against one side of the cartridge supporting plate 71 to tilt the cartridge supporting plate 71 with respect to the sliding supporting block 733, so that the supporting plate 732 positions the tilted cartridge supporting plate 71 at the loading position, as shown in fig. 2.
S33, material loading limiting: the limiting moving assembly 763 controls the limiting baffle 761 to move to a position corresponding to the position where the first row of bottles is placed in the box, so as to ensure that the isolation pad 762 is clamped between two adjacent bottles when the first row of bottles is placed, as shown in fig. 4.
S34, pulling a box: the pull box moving assembly 772 controls the pull box plate 773 to pull the rear side of the box body to ensure that the last row of bottles can be transferred into the box body, as shown in fig. 4.
S4, charging: the first transfer moving assembly controls the first suction nozzle 15 to move one row of adsorbed bottles to the bottle receiving groove 22 after bottles are taken, the second transfer moving assembly controls the second suction nozzle 36 to move to the bottle receiving groove 22 to adsorb bottle openings and take transfer bottles, the adsorbed row of bottles are driven to move to the packaging box 5 of the box supporting and transferring mechanism 7, and the second suction nozzle 36 releases the adsorbed row of bottles to the loading position in the packaging box 5. As shown in fig. 7, specifically, the following steps are performed:
s41, taking the bottle by the first transferring component 1
The first transfer moving assembly of the first transfer component 1 drives the first suction nozzle 15 to move to a position corresponding to the bottle discharging position of the qualified bottles in the bottle sorting line 4, and the first suction nozzle 15 adsorbs the body of the qualified bottles at the bottle discharging position to finish taking the bottles through the body.
S42, unloading bottles by the first transferring assembly 1
The first transfer moving assembly of the first transfer component 1 drives the row of bottles adsorbed by the first suction nozzle 15 to move to a position corresponding to the bottle placing position (i.e. the bottle receiving groove 22) of the transfer bottle component 2, and the first suction nozzle 15 releases the adsorbed row of bottles in the bottle receiving groove 22, so that the bottle unloading through the bottle body is completed.
S43, the second transfer component 3 takes the bottle
The second transfer moving assembly of the second transfer assembly 3 drives the second suction nozzle 36 to move to a position corresponding to the bottle opening position of the transfer bottle storage assembly 2 (i.e. the bottle opening position of the bottle body on the bottle receiving groove 22), and the second suction nozzle 36 sucks the bottle opening of the bottle body on the bottle receiving groove 22, so as to finish taking the bottle through the bottle opening.
After the second transfer assembly 3 takes out the bottles, the linear driver 23 drives the push plate 24 to move linearly, so as to push the bottles on the bottle receiving groove 22 which are not sucked by the second suction nozzle 36 away from the bottle receiving groove 22, so that the bottles are not left on the bottle receiving groove 22.
S44, the second transfer component 3 unloads the bottle
The second transfer moving assembly of the second transfer assembly 3 drives the row of bottles adsorbed by the second suction nozzle 36 to move to a position corresponding to the boxing position of the packaging box 5 of the automatic boxing machine, and the second suction nozzle 36 releases the adsorbed row of bottles into the packaging box 5 to finish bottle unloading through a bottle opening.
The two adjacent rows of bottle bodies in the packing box 5 are arranged in a staggered way, and the process is repeated from S41 to S44 until the box body is filled.
S5, blocking the box: the linear blocking box mover 92 controls the blocking box plate 91 to move upwards to an initial position (as shown in fig. 1), and the horizontal tray box moving assembly 72 drives the tray box plate 71 and the box body filled with the glass products to be horizontally transferred to the box unloading position of the tray box plate 71. When the box supporting plate 71 moves horizontally, the box taking pushing block 85 on the box supporting plate 71 is separated from the clamping overhead of the box taking base 81, the box pulling pushing block 775 is separated from the clamping overhead of the box pulling base 771, the box pulling return spring 774 and the box taking return spring 84 respectively drive the box pulling assembly 77 and the box taking mechanism 8 to reset, the box taking mechanism 8 is located at a box taking position, and the box pulling assembly 77 is far away from a loading position, as shown in fig. 3.
After the box supporting plate 71 is located at the box unloading position, the box blocking linear mover 92 controls the box blocking plate 91 to move downwards to the box blocking position, as shown in fig. 3, the box blocking plate 91 can block the box body on the box supporting plate 71 from moving horizontally along with the box supporting plate 71, the box supporting horizontal moving assembly 72 drives the box supporting plate 71 to return to the box supporting position, and the box body filled with the glass products is left on the box body input position of the first box storage platform 101. When the box supporting plate 71 moves horizontally, the box taking pushing block 85 pushes the box taking base 81 to move away from the box taking position, and the box taking return spring 84 is stretched; the drawer push block 775 pushes the drawer base 771 to move to the loading position, and the drawer return spring 774 is stretched. After the tray plate 71 is moved to the tray position, as shown in fig. 1, the cassette linear shifter 92 may control the cassette blocking plate 91 to be reset to the initial position.
S6, storing a box: the magazine linear-motion assembly 1013 controls the first magazine platform 101 to move downward one level for each layer of glass-filled magazines stacked on the magazine rack 1011 from top to bottom.
Until the storage rack 1011 is lowered to the same height as the storage rack support plate 1021, as shown in fig. 7, the first box transmission member 1012 and the second box transmission member 1022 drive the upper box of the storage rack 1011 to move toward the storage rack support plate 1021, so as to output all the boxes onto the storage rack support plate 1021, and take out the multiple layers of boxes filled with glassware from the storage rack support plate 1021.
S7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the above embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments described above, or equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic boxing apparatus for glass products, characterized by comprising, assembled on a frame:
the box supply mechanism is used for supplying empty boxes, and the output position of the empty boxes corresponds to the box taking position of the box taking mechanism;
the box taking mechanism is used for taking a single empty box, and the box unloading position corresponds to the box supporting position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism;
the box supporting and transferring mechanism is used for supporting and transferring the box body;
the loading mechanism is used for transferring the glass products into the box body, and the unloading position corresponds to the loading position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism;
the box blocking mechanism is used for inputting the box body filled with the glass products on the box supporting and transporting mechanism into the box storing mechanism, the initial position corresponds to the box supporting position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism, and the box blocking position corresponds to the box unloading position of the box supporting and transporting mechanism and the box body input position of the box storing mechanism;
a magazine mechanism for storing magazines filled with glassware.
2. The automatic boxing apparatus for glass products as claimed in claim 1, wherein the box supplying mechanism comprises a pair of chain transmission assemblies which are connected in a synchronous transmission manner, a plurality of box supporting frames are fixedly arranged on an annular chain of the chain transmission assemblies at intervals, and the box supporting frames on the two annular chains are correspondingly arranged for separating adjacent empty box bodies which are horizontally arranged up and down.
3. The automatic glass product boxing apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the tray transfer mechanism comprises:
the box supporting plate is used for supporting the box body and is hinged with the sliding supporting block which is connected to the rack in a sliding manner;
the box supporting horizontal moving component is fixedly arranged on the rack, and the power output end is fixedly connected with the sliding supporting block and is used for driving the box supporting plate to horizontally move;
the box supporting inclined component is used for driving the box supporting plate to incline and comprises a supporting plate arranged corresponding to the box supporting position of the box supporting plate, and a box supporting linear driver fixedly arranged on the rack, wherein the power output end of the box supporting linear driver is fixedly connected with the supporting plate.
4. The automatic glass product boxing apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the tray transfer mechanism further comprises:
the box body left side limiting assembly and the box body right side limiting assembly are respectively assembled on the rack and the box supporting plate and are arranged corresponding to the left side upper and the right side upper outside the box body and used for limiting the left and right moving positions of the box body;
the first row of bottle body limiting assemblies are arranged corresponding to the first row of bottle bodies on the front side in the box body and comprise limiting moving assemblies fixedly arranged on the rack and used for driving the limiting baffles to move and limiting baffles connected with the power output ends of the limiting moving assemblies, and a plurality of isolation pads which are arranged at intervals and used for limiting the placement positions of the first row of bottle bodies are assembled on the limiting baffles;
the pulling box assembly is arranged corresponding to the rear side of the box body and used for pulling the rear side of the box body, and comprises a pulling box base which is connected to the rack in a sliding manner, a pulling box moving assembly which is assembled on the pulling box base and used for driving the pulling box plate to move, a pulling box plate which is fixedly connected with the power output end of the pulling box moving assembly, and a pulling box reset spring which is fixedly arranged on the pulling box base and the rack; a box pulling push block for driving the box pulling base to slide is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate corresponding to the box pulling base.
5. An automatic boxing apparatus for glass products as set forth in claim 4, wherein the box taking mechanism comprises:
the box taking base is connected to the rack in a sliding manner;
the box taking linear driver is fixedly arranged on the box taking base, and the power output end is fixedly provided with a box taking mounting plate;
the box taking sucker is communicated with an air source through a pipeline and is fixedly arranged on the box taking mounting plate;
the box taking reset spring is fixedly arranged between the box taking base and the rack; a box taking pushing block for driving the box taking base to slide is fixedly arranged on the box supporting plate corresponding to the box taking base.
6. An automatic boxing apparatus for glass products as claimed in any one of claims 1, 2, 4 and 5, wherein the loading mechanism comprises, mounted on the frame:
the first transferring assembly is used for transferring the bottle bodies to the transferring and storing assembly;
the transfer bottle storage component is used for storing transfer bottle bodies, and the bottle placing position corresponds to the bottle unloading position of the first transfer component;
the second transfers the subassembly for transfer the bottle to the packing carton in through the bottleneck, get bottleneck position and transfer and deposit a bottle subassembly bottleneck and place the position corresponding, unload the bottleneck position and correspond with the loading position of packing carton.
7. An automatic boxing apparatus for glass products as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3 and 5 to 6, wherein the blocking mechanism comprises:
the box blocking plate is correspondingly assembled between the box supporting position of the box supporting and transferring mechanism and the box body input position of the box storing mechanism;
and the box blocking linear mover is fixedly arranged on the rack, and the power output end and the box blocking plate are fixedly arranged.
8. An automated glassware article boxing apparatus as set forth in claim 7, wherein the magazine mechanism includes:
the first storage box platform comprises a storage box frame, a first box body transmission part and a storage box linear moving component, wherein the storage box frame is used for supporting the box body and is fixedly connected with the power output end of the storage box linear moving component;
the second storage box platform is arranged corresponding to the box body output position of the first storage box platform and comprises a storage box supporting plate fixedly arranged on the rack and a second box body transmission part fixedly arranged on the storage box supporting plate and used for conveying box bodies, and the transmission directions of the first box body transmission part and the second box body transmission part are the same.
9. An automatic boxing method for glass products is characterized in that: this is achieved with an automatic boxing apparatus for glass articles as claimed in claims 1 to 8, comprising the following steps:
s1, supplying a box: the box supply mechanism outputs empty boxes;
s2, taking a box: the box taking mechanism at the box taking position takes a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism;
s3, supporting the box: the box taking mechanism unloads the taken single empty box into a box supporting and transferring mechanism at a box supporting position;
s4, charging: the loading mechanism takes the glass products to be boxed and transfers the glass products to the box supporting and transporting mechanism at the loading position;
s5, blocking the box: the box blocking mechanism is positioned at an initial position, so that the box supporting and transferring mechanism transfers the box body filled with the glass products to a box unloading position; the box blocking mechanism blocks the boxes, meanwhile, the box supporting and transporting mechanism moves to the box supporting position, and the box bodies filled with the glass products are transported to the box body input position of the box storage mechanism;
s6, storing a box: after the box storage mechanism stores a plurality of box bodies filled with glass products, the box bodies are output by the box storage mechanism;
s7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
10. The automated glassware boxing method of claim 9, wherein:
s1, supplying a box: the empty box bodies are horizontally placed on the corresponding box supporting frames at intervals up and down, and the synchronous transmission chain transmission assembly drives the box supporting frames to output the empty box bodies upwards;
s2, taking a box: the box taking linear driver at the box taking position drives the box taking sucker to suck a single empty box from the empty box output position of the box supplying mechanism;
s3, supporting a box: the box taking linear driver drives the box taking sucker and the empty box to move upwards, the box taking sucker releases the empty box, and the empty box falls on a box supporting plate at a box supporting position; the left side limiting component and the right side limiting component of the box body limit the left side and the right side of the box body;
the box supporting linear driver controls the supporting plate to move, the box supporting plate inclines, and the box supporting plate is located at a charging position;
the limiting moving assembly controls the limiting baffle to move to a position in the box body corresponding to the position where the first row of bottle bodies on the front side are placed;
the pulling box moving assembly controls the pulling box plate to pull the rear side of the box body;
s4, charging: the first transfer moving assembly controls the first suction nozzle to take bottles and then moves a row of adsorbed bottles to the bottle receiving groove, the second transfer moving assembly controls the second suction nozzle to move to the bottle receiving groove to adsorb bottle openings and take transfer bottles, and then the second transfer moving assembly drives the row of adsorbed bottles to move into a packaging box of the box supporting and transferring mechanism, and the second suction nozzle releases the row of adsorbed bottles to a loading position in the packaging box;
two adjacent rows of bottle bodies are arranged in the packing box in a staggered way, and the materials are circularly charged until the box bodies are filled;
s5, blocking the box:
the box blocking linear mover controls the box blocking plate to move to an initial position, and the box supporting horizontal moving assembly drives the box supporting plate and a box body filled with glass products to be horizontally transferred to a box unloading position of the box supporting plate; when the box supporting plate moves horizontally, the box pulling return spring and the box taking return spring respectively drive the box pulling assembly and the box taking mechanism to return, the box taking mechanism is located at a box taking position, and the box pulling assembly is far away from a loading position;
the box blocking linear mover controls the box blocking plate to move to the box blocking position, meanwhile, the box supporting horizontal moving assembly drives the box supporting plate to return to the box supporting position, and the box body filled with the glass products is left on the box body input position of the first box storage platform; when the box supporting plate moves horizontally, the box taking pushing block pushes the box taking base to be far away from the box taking position, and the box taking reset spring is stretched; the box pulling push block pushes the box pulling base to move to a loading position, and the box pulling return spring is stretched;
s6, storing the box: stacking a box body filled with glass products on each box frame from top to bottom, and controlling the first box platform to move downwards by one layer by the box linear moving assembly;
until the storage box frame is lowered to the height same as that of the storage box supporting plate, the first box body transmission part and the second box body transmission part drive the upper box body of the storage box frame to move to the storage box supporting plate, all the box bodies are output to the storage box supporting plate, and a plurality of layers of box bodies filled with glass products are taken out from the storage box supporting plate;
s7, resetting each mechanism, and repeating the steps.
CN202210962915.5A 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware Pending CN115180214A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210962915.5A CN115180214A (en) 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210962915.5A CN115180214A (en) 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 Automatic boxing equipment and boxing method for glassware

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN115180214A true CN115180214A (en) 2022-10-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117208302A (en) * 2023-11-07 2023-12-12 河北陆源科技有限公司 Boxing bottle arranging and toppling preventing mechanism and boxing workbench applying same
CN117885948A (en) * 2024-03-15 2024-04-16 河北陆源科技有限公司 Double-row bottle taking and transferring mechanism and transferring method of glassware boxing equipment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117208302A (en) * 2023-11-07 2023-12-12 河北陆源科技有限公司 Boxing bottle arranging and toppling preventing mechanism and boxing workbench applying same
CN117208302B (en) * 2023-11-07 2024-01-12 河北陆源科技有限公司 Boxing bottle arranging and toppling preventing mechanism and boxing workbench applying same
CN117885948A (en) * 2024-03-15 2024-04-16 河北陆源科技有限公司 Double-row bottle taking and transferring mechanism and transferring method of glassware boxing equipment

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