CN113772167A - Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method - Google Patents

Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113772167A
CN113772167A CN202010523430.7A CN202010523430A CN113772167A CN 113772167 A CN113772167 A CN 113772167A CN 202010523430 A CN202010523430 A CN 202010523430A CN 113772167 A CN113772167 A CN 113772167A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cigarette
card
tobacco
tobacco bale
conveying
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010523430.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阳林峰
李昌权
戴伟
胡维明
吴树斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Changsha Jiasha Industrial Co ltd
China Tobacco Hunan Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Changsha Jiasha Industrial Co ltd
China Tobacco Hunan Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Changsha Jiasha Industrial Co ltd, China Tobacco Hunan Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical Changsha Jiasha Industrial Co ltd
Priority to CN202010523430.7A priority Critical patent/CN113772167A/en
Publication of CN113772167A publication Critical patent/CN113772167A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/36Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers
    • B65B35/38Arranging and feeding articles in groups by grippers by suction-operated grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/44Arranging and feeding articles in groups by endless belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/50Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • B65B57/14Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged and operating to control, or stop, the feed of articles or material to be packaged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B65/00Details peculiar to packaging machines and not otherwise provided for; Arrangements of such details
    • B65B65/003Packaging lines, e.g. general layout

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Specific Conveyance Elements (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a tobacco bale caching device and a tobacco bale caching and supplying method, wherein the tobacco bale caching device comprises a tobacco bale conveying device, a tobacco bale grabbing manipulator and a tobacco card; the tobacco bale conveying device comprises a tobacco bale storing and taking channel matched with a tobacco bale, a tobacco bale conveying belt arranged at the bottom of the tobacco bale storing and taking channel and a driving motor for driving the tobacco bale conveying belt to run; the output end of the cigarette packet access channel is provided with a baffle plate for controlling the on-off of the cigarette packet access channel, a cigarette packet cache chamber for storing cigarette packets is formed on the cigarette card, and a baffle plate driving mechanism is arranged on the cigarette packet conveying device; the tobacco bale grabbing manipulator is arranged on one side of the tobacco bale conveying device and used for grabbing the tobacco bales cached in the tobacco bale storing and taking channel to the tobacco bale caching chamber to be stacked and cached layer by layer. The invention can realize the on-line caching of the cigarette packet.

Description

Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of cigarettes, and particularly relates to a cigarette packet caching device and a cigarette packet caching and supplying method.
Background
Cigarette packaging equipment has a plurality of processing links, need carry to low reaches strip package packing production link through tobacco bale conveyor after tobacco bale packaging equipment production is accomplished, when low reaches strip package packaging equipment breaks down in the actual production process, need shut down whole set of equipment for packing and adjust, until the equipment that breaks down maintains well, this is with regard to greatly reduced production efficiency. Therefore, a buffer mechanism is urgently needed to be designed, when the downstream machine breaks down, the upstream machine can be stopped, and cigarette packets can be buffered on line.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problem to be solved by the application is to provide a tobacco bale cache device and a tobacco bale cache replenishment method capable of caching tobacco bales on line.
In order to achieve the purpose, the following technical scheme is adopted in the application:
the cigarette packet caching device comprises a cigarette packet conveying device, a cigarette packet grabbing manipulator and a cigarette card;
the tobacco bale conveying device comprises a tobacco bale storing and taking channel matched with a tobacco bale, a tobacco bale conveying belt arranged at the bottom of the tobacco bale storing and taking channel and a driving motor for driving the tobacco bale conveying belt to run;
the output end of the cigarette packet access channel is provided with a baffle plate for controlling the on-off of the cigarette packet access channel, a cigarette packet cache chamber for storing cigarette packets is formed on the cigarette card, and a baffle plate driving mechanism is arranged on the cigarette packet conveying device;
the tobacco bale grabbing manipulator is arranged on one side of the tobacco bale conveying device and used for grabbing the tobacco bales cached in the tobacco bale storing and taking channel to the tobacco bale caching chamber to be stacked and cached layer by layer.
The tobacco bale grabbing mechanical arm comprises a support, a sliding seat, a sliding block, a support frame and a plurality of suckers, wherein the sliding seat is slidably mounted on an X-direction guide rail of the support, the sliding block is slidably mounted on a Z-direction guide rail of the sliding seat, the support frame is connected with the sliding block, and the suckers are arranged on the support frame in rows;
the bracket is provided with an X-direction driving mechanism which drives the sliding seat to slide between a first position and a second position along the X-direction guide rail, and the sliding seat is provided with a Z-direction driving mechanism which drives the sliding block to slide along the Z-direction guide rail;
when the sliding seat is located at the first position, the sucker is located right above the cigarette packet access channel, and the Z-direction driving mechanism drives the sucker to move downwards to grab the cigarette packet; when the sliding seat is located at the second position, the sucker moves to the cigarette card position, and the grabbed cigarette packet is released to the cigarette packet cache chamber after the sucker loses air.
Specifically, photoelectric sensors are arranged at the input end of the cigarette packet access channel, and the photoelectric sensors, the cigarette packet grabbing mechanical arm, the cigarette packet conveying device and the baffle plate driving mechanism are all controlled by a PLC electric appliance control system.
The cigarette clamping device comprises a cigarette clamping vertical conveying channel and a cigarette clamping driving mechanism for driving the cigarette clamping to move in the cigarette clamping vertical conveying channel;
after the grabbing manipulator finishes grabbing and stacking of the tobacco packets once, the tobacco card is driven by the tobacco card driving mechanism to move down by the tobacco packet stacking thickness, and the tobacco card conveying device is controlled by the PLC electrical appliance control system.
Specifically, cigarette card actuating mechanism is in including symmetry parallel arrangement the Z of the vertical transfer passage both sides of cigarette card is to conveyer belt and drive Z is to the driving motor of conveyer belt motion, two Z is equipped with a plurality of bearings to the inboard symmetry of conveyer belt the cigarette card layer board of cigarette card.
Specifically, cigarette card conveyor still includes that the empty cigarette card conveyer belt of upper strata, lower floor are full of cigarette card conveyer belt and cigarette card transport manipulator usefulness, the vertical transfer passage's of cigarette card output with the input butt joint of the full cigarette card conveyer belt of lower floor, cigarette card transport manipulator be used for with the cigarette card of upper strata empty cigarette card conveyer belt upper strata is carried and is put to on the cigarette card layer board of cigarette card.
Specifically, the cigarette card vertical conveying channel is provided with a full cigarette position and an empty cigarette position, and the distance between two adjacent cigarette card supporting plates on the Z-direction conveying belt is larger than the height of the cigarette card;
when the cigarette cards run to the full cigarette position, the cigarette packets are fully stacked in the cigarette cards, one cigarette card supporting plate on the Z-direction conveying belt just runs to the empty cigarette position, and the empty cigarette cards are lifted by the cigarette card conveying manipulator to be placed on the cigarette card supporting plate at the empty cigarette position;
when the cigarette card moves to the empty cigarette position, one of the cigarette card supporting plates on the Z-direction conveying belt just moves to the full cigarette position and is positioned below the lower full cigarette card conveying belt.
Specifically, a cigarette card supporting plate position sensor is arranged at the empty cigarette position on the cigarette card vertical conveying channel and is controlled by the PLC electric appliance control system.
Specifically, cigarette card conveyor still includes the empty cigarette card conveyer belt of upper strata and the full cigarette card conveyer belt of lower floor, the vertical transfer passage's of cigarette card output with the input butt joint of the full cigarette card conveyer belt of lower floor, cigarette card transport manipulator be used for with the cigarette card of carrying on the empty cigarette card conveyer belt of upper strata is carried and is put to on the cigarette card layer board of cigarette card.
Specifically, cigarette card conveyor is still including being located the empty cigarette card deflector in upper strata of the empty cigarette card conveyer belt both sides in upper strata and being located the full cigarette card deflector in lower floor of full cigarette card conveyer belt both sides in lower floor.
Specifically, a cigarette clip baffle plate for preventing the cigarette packet from falling from the side part open end of the cigarette clip is arranged at the bottom end of one side of the cigarette clip vertical conveying channel, which is close to the cigarette packet grabbing manipulator.
Specifically, the cigarette card is the box structure, the top surface of box structure and be close to open the setting in the side of one side of snatching the manipulator.
Specifically, the cigarette card supporting plate position sensor, the cigarette packet grabbing mechanical arm, the baffle plate driving mechanism, the cigarette packet conveying device and the cigarette card conveying device are all controlled by the PLC electric appliance control system.
A tobacco bale buffer memory replenishing method is characterized in that a tobacco bale buffer memory device is arranged between an upstream tobacco bale packing device and a downstream tobacco bale packing device, and comprises the following steps:
tobacco bale buffer memory mode:
the tobacco bale storing and taking manipulator extracts tobacco bales from the tobacco bale storing and taking channel to a tobacco card, the baffle blocks the downstream conveying of the tobacco bales in the tobacco bale storing and taking channel, the Z-direction conveying belt of the tobacco card conveying device conveys the tobacco cards downwards, each layer of tobacco bales is loaded, the tobacco cards descend to a station, the full tobacco card conveying belt runs outwards, the tobacco cards filled with the tobacco bales are conveyed outwards, the empty tobacco card conveying belt conveys the empty tobacco cards inwards to the vertical tobacco card conveying channel, the tobacco card carrying manipulator lifts the empty tobacco cards to a tobacco card supporting plate at the empty tobacco position of the vertical tobacco card conveying channel, and the empty tobacco card transferring between the empty tobacco card conveying belt and the Z-direction conveying belt is completed;
tobacco bale replenishment mode of operation:
the tobacco bale access channel is characterized in that a tobacco bale conveying belt of the tobacco bale access channel runs, a tobacco bale is extracted from a tobacco bale and placed on the tobacco bale conveying belt of the tobacco bale access channel by a tobacco bale access manipulator, a baffle plate is retracted, the cached tobacco bale is conveyed in a downstream mode, the tobacco bale is conveyed upwards by a Z-direction conveying belt of the tobacco bale conveying device, each layer of tobacco bale is removed, the tobacco bale is lifted to a station, the conveying belt full of the tobacco bale is operated inwards, the tobacco bale filled with the tobacco bale is conveyed inwards to a vertical conveying channel of the tobacco bale, and the conveying belt empty tobacco bale is operated outwards to convey the empty tobacco bale outwards.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
during the use, install tobacco bale buffer memory equipment of this application embodiment between tobacco bale equipment for packing and strip package equipment for packing, when the strip package equipment for packing of low reaches broke down, under the prerequisite that upstream tobacco bale equipment for packing did not shut down, can get up the buffer memory with the cigarette guarantor, when the upstream tobacco bale equipment for packing broke down, under the prerequisite that low reaches strip package equipment for packing did not shut down, can send into the tobacco bale of buffer memory downstream production line to production efficiency can be improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is an isometric view of a cigarette packet buffer device provided by an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of a cigarette packet buffer device provided in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a front view of a cigarette packet gripping manipulator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a side view of a cigarette packet gripping manipulator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
figure 5 is a front view of a cigarette card handling robot according to an embodiment of the present invention;
figure 6 is a top view of a cigarette card handling robot according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a tobacco bale buffer memory device includes tobacco bale conveyor 1, tobacco bale snatchs manipulator 2 and cigarette card 3, and tobacco bale conveyor 1, tobacco bale snatchs manipulator 2 and cigarette card 3 set up on frame 5, and wherein, tobacco bale conveyor 1 includes tobacco bale access channel 101 with the tobacco bale adaptation, sets up tobacco bale conveyer belt 102 and the driving motor who drives tobacco bale conveyer belt 102 operation in tobacco bale access channel 101 bottom.
Tobacco bale conveyor 1 sets up side by side in the embodiment of this application, the output of tobacco bale access channel 101 is equipped with the baffle 103 of its break-make of control, be formed with the tobacco bale buffer memory room that is used for saving the tobacco bale on the cigarette card 3, be equipped with baffle actuating mechanism on the tobacco bale conveyor 1, baffle 103 can block or get through tobacco bale access channel 101 through baffle actuating mechanism's drive, the tobacco bale snatchs manipulator 2 and sets up the tobacco bale that is arranged in with tobacco bale access channel 101 buffer memory and snatchs to tobacco bale buffer memory room in the successive layer and pile up the buffer memory.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, specifically, the cigarette packet gripping manipulator 2 includes a support 201, a sliding seat 202 slidably mounted on an X-direction guide rail of the support 201, a sliding block 203 slidably mounted on a Z-direction guide rail of the sliding seat 202, a support frame 204 connected to the sliding block 203, and a plurality of suckers 205 arranged in a row on the support frame 204; an X-direction driving mechanism 206 for driving the sliding seat 202 to slide between a first position and a second position along the X-direction guide rail is arranged on the support 201, a Z-direction driving mechanism 207 for driving the sliding block 203 to slide along the Z-direction guide rail is arranged on the sliding seat 202, when the sliding seat 202 is located at the first position, the sucking disc 205 is located right above the cigarette packet access channel 101, and the Z-direction driving mechanism 207 drives the sucking disc 205 to move downwards to realize the grabbing of the cigarette packet; when the sliding seat 202 is located at the second position, the suction cup 205 moves to the position of the cigarette card 3, and the gripped cigarette packet is released to the cigarette packet buffer chamber after the suction cup 205 is deflated. Wherein, the X-direction driving mechanism 206 adopts a linear module driven by a servo motor to drive a lead screw, and the Z-direction driving mechanism 207 adopts an air cylinder.
In practical design, the cigarette packet grasping manipulator 2 can convey 26 packets of cigarettes in parallel to the cigarette card 3 from the belt at one time, or can convey the cigarettes from the cigarette card 3 to the belt. The manipulator is a coordinate type two-degree-of-freedom manipulator, a servo motor is adopted for driving a screw rod transmission linear module for horizontal movement, the movement in the vertical direction is short due to the lifting distance, the cylinder is adopted for driving, the cylinder pushes a connecting block arranged on a guide rail sliding block 203 to move up and down, the tail end of the cylinder is clamped in a U-shaped step groove of a cylinder connecting seat through a connecting head of an inner hole M10, the tail end of a cigarette packet is grabbed by a vacuum chuck 205 for adsorption, 26 packets of cigarettes are sucked every time, a stretching arm is connected with a quick joint mounting plate through a right-angle seat, 13 quick joints (four ports) are arranged above the stretching arm, the lower part of the stretching arm is connected with a chuck 205 mounting plate through a connecting block, 26 groups of chucks 205 are arranged on the chuck 205 mounting plate at intervals of 24mm in order, and 2 chucks 205 (distance of 50mm) in each group are used for adsorbing one packet of cigarettes.
Specifically, the input department of tobacco bale access channel 101 is equipped with photoelectric sensor (not shown in the figure), photoelectric sensor, the tobacco bale snatchs manipulator 2, tobacco bale conveyor and baffle actuating mechanism all with PLC electrical control system electric connection, after the quantity of tobacco bale reaches 26 packages in tobacco bale access channel 101, the tobacco bale shelters from photoelectric sensor for a long time, photoelectric sensor is triggered and feedback signal and snatchs manipulator 2 to the tobacco bale, the tobacco bale that manipulator 2 snatched tobacco bale access channel 101 buffer memory snatchs to 3 caches of cigarette card, accomplish one time of tobacco bale in tobacco bale access channel 101 and snatch the buffer memory.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the tobacco bale caching device further comprises a tobacco bale conveying device 4, the tobacco bale conveying device 4 comprises a tobacco bale vertical conveying channel 401 and a tobacco bale driving mechanism for driving the tobacco bale 3 to move in the tobacco bale vertical conveying channel 401, after the grabbing and stacking of a tobacco bale is completed by the grabbing manipulator, after the sucking disc 205 completes one air suction and air release action, the PLC electrical appliance control system of the tobacco bale caching device controls the tobacco bale driving mechanism to drive the tobacco bale 3 to move downwards by one tobacco bale stacking thickness.
It can be understood that the cigarette card driving mechanism comprises Z-direction conveyor belts 402 symmetrically arranged on two sides of the cigarette card vertical conveying channel 401 in parallel and a Z-direction driving motor for driving the Z-direction conveyor belts 402 to move, and a plurality of cigarette card supporting plates 403 for supporting the cigarette cards 3 are symmetrically arranged on the inner sides of the two Z-direction conveyor belts 402.
The cigarette card conveying device 4 may further include an upper empty cigarette card conveying belt 404, a lower full cigarette card conveying belt 405 (horizontal belt), and a cigarette card conveying manipulator 406, an output end of the vertical conveying passage of the cigarette card is butted with an input end of the lower full cigarette card conveying belt 405, and the cigarette card conveying manipulator 406 is configured to lift the cigarette card 3 conveyed on the upper empty cigarette card conveying belt 404 onto the cigarette card supporting plate 403 of the cigarette card 3.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a cigarette card vertical conveying channel 401 has a full cigarette position and an empty cigarette position, the distance between two adjacent cigarette card supporting plates 403 on a Z-direction conveying belt 402 is greater than the height of a cigarette card 3, when the cigarette card 3 runs to the full cigarette position, a cigarette pack is fully stacked in the cigarette card 3, one cigarette card supporting plate 403 on the Z-direction conveying belt 402 just runs to the empty cigarette position, and a cigarette card carrying manipulator 406 lifts the empty cigarette card 3 to the cigarette card supporting plate 403 at the empty cigarette position; when the cigarette card 3 moves to the empty cigarette position, one of the cigarette card supporting plates 403 on the Z-direction conveying belt 402 just moves to the full cigarette position and is positioned below the full cigarette card conveying belt 405 on the lower layer, when the cigarette card 3 can smoothly slide to a position between the two Z-direction conveying belts 402 which are oppositely arranged from the full cigarette card conveying belt 405 on the lower layer, the Z-direction conveying belt 402 moves upwards to lift the cigarette card 3 when the cigarette card supporting plate 403 collides with the cigarette card 3.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, the cigarette card conveying manipulator is a coordinate type three-degree-of-freedom manipulator, and can smoothly convey the empty cigarette cards 3 on the upper-layer empty cigarette card conveying belt 404 (horizontal belt) to the cigarette card supporting plate 403 of the Z-direction conveying belt 402, or convey the empty cigarette cards 3 from the Z-direction conveying belt 402 to the horizontal belt, and the linear module 6 of the lead screw is driven by the servo motor to move in the front-back direction and is connected with the rectangular frame through the bottom plate and the L-shaped side plate. Because the up-down lifting distance and the horizontal moving distance are small, a cylinder driving mode is adopted. The horizontal cylinder 7 is connected with a sliding table 8 on the linear module 6 through a mounting plate. The piston rod of the horizontal cylinder 7 is provided with a vertical cylinder 9 through a vertical cylinder back plate, the vertical cylinder 9 is connected with the fork piece 10 through an L-shaped push plate, and the extending part of the fork piece 10 is used for hanging the hook groove 301 of the cigarette card 3 so as to carry the cigarette card 3.
The upper empty cigarette card conveyer belt 404 mainly carries empty cigarette card 3 to being close to the vertical transfer passage one side of cigarette card, pass through the transmission of hold-in range by servo motor, thereby it makes the work of the upper empty cigarette card conveyer belt 404 of other one side to drive the driving shaft rotation, upper empty cigarette card 3 deflector of upper strata is provided with to upper empty cigarette card both sides parallel arrangement, connect through two crossbeams between two upper empty cigarette card 3 deflectors, wherein the upper empty cigarette card 3 deflector of one side passes through supporting flange and rectangular pipe connection, the gib block is installed in the inboard of rectangular pipe in order to guarantee that cigarette card 3 carries steadily, avoid toppling over, the both sides that lie in upper empty cigarette card conveyer belt 404 on the upper empty cigarette card 3 deflector are equipped with the shelves strip, guarantee the working range of cigarette card 3, can deposit 10 cigarette cards 3 on the upper empty cigarette card conveyer belt 404 between the shelves strip.
The lower full cigarette card conveying belt 405 mainly conveys the cigarette cards 3 filled with cigarette packets (7 layers, 1 layer of 26 packets) to one side far away from a vertical conveying channel of the cigarette cards, and still drives the driving shaft to rotate through the transmission of the synchronous belt by the servo motor so as to enable the conveying belt on the other side to work. The remaining structure is substantially identical to the lower full card conveyor 405, the main difference being that the guide plate for the empty card 3 is of greater dimension in the length direction than the upper empty card conveyor 404 in order to receive the cards 3 filled with packets of cigarettes.
In actual design, a cigarette card supporting plate position sensor 407 is arranged at an empty cigarette position on the cigarette card vertical conveying channel 401, the photoelectric sensor, the cigarette card supporting plate position sensor 407, the cigarette packet grabbing manipulator 2, the baffle driving mechanism, the cigarette packet conveying device 1 and the cigarette card conveying device 4 are all electrically connected with the PLC electrical control system, and as for a control circuit formed by the above components, the control circuit is the prior art and is not described again.
When the cigarette card supporting plate 403 moves to the position of the cigarette card supporting plate position sensor 407, the cigarette card supporting plate position sensor 407 triggers and controls the Z-direction driving motor to stop working, so that the cigarette card 3 can be loaded at the initial position of the same position all the time.
Specifically, the vertical transfer passage of cigarette card is close to one side bottom that the manipulator 2 was snatched to the tobacco bale and is equipped with the 3 baffles 103 of cigarette card that prevent that the tobacco bale from opening the end from the lateral part of cigarette card 3 and drop, and cigarette card 3 is the box structure, and the top surface of box structure and the side that is close to one side of snatching the manipulator open the setting.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, a tobacco bale buffer replenishment method adopts the tobacco bale buffer device, the tobacco bale buffer device is installed between an upstream tobacco bale packing device and a downstream carton packing device, and the tobacco bale buffer device, the tobacco bale packing device and the carton packing device are all controlled by a production line control system of a tobacco bale packing production line, and includes two working modes:
tobacco bale buffer memory mode:
when the downstream carton packaging equipment breaks down, the production line control system generates an instruction to the cigarette packet caching device, controls the cigarette packet caching device to cache the cigarette packet, the baffle plate 103 blocks the downstream transportation of the cigarette packet in the cigarette packet access channel 101, the cigarette packet access manipulator extracts the cigarette packet in the cigarette packet access channel 101 to the cigarette card 3, the cigarette cards 3 are conveyed downwards by a Z-direction conveying belt 402 of the cigarette card conveying device 4, when one layer of cigarette packet is loaded, the cigarette cards 3 descend to a station, the full cigarette card 3 conveying belt runs outwards, the cigarette cards 3 filled with the cigarette packet are conveyed outwards, the empty cigarette cards 3 are conveyed inwards to a vertical cigarette card conveying channel 401 by the empty cigarette card 3 conveying belt, the empty cigarette cards 3 are lifted by a cigarette card conveying manipulator 406 to be placed on cigarette card supporting plates 403 at the empty cigarette positions of the vertical cigarette card conveying channel 401, and the empty cigarette cards 3 between the empty cigarette card 3 conveying belt and the Z-direction conveying belt 402 are transferred;
tobacco bale replenishment mode of operation:
when the upstream cigarette packet packaging equipment breaks down, the production line control system generates an instruction to the cigarette packet caching device to control the cigarette packet caching device to replenish the cigarette packet, the baffle plate 103 is retracted, the cigarette packet conveying belt 102 of the cigarette packet access channel 101 runs, the cigarette packet access manipulator extracts the cigarette packet from the cigarette card 3 and places the cigarette packet on the cigarette packet conveying belt 102 of the cigarette packet access channel 101, the cached cigarette packet is sent to the downstream strip packet packaging equipment, the Z-direction conveying belt 402 of the cigarette card conveying device 4 conveys the cigarette card 3 upwards, each layer of cigarette packet is removed, the cigarette card 3 rises to a station, the conveying belt full of the cigarette card 3 runs inwards, the cigarette card 3 filled with the cigarette packet is conveyed inwards to the vertical cigarette card conveying channel 401, the cigarette card carrying manipulator 406 lifts the empty cigarette card 3 on the Z-direction conveyor 402 onto the empty cigarette card 3 conveyor, and the empty cigarette card 3 conveyor runs outward to convey the empty cigarette card 3 outward.
The above examples are merely illustrative for clearly illustrating the present invention and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. Nor is it intended to be exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious variations or modifications of the invention may be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (12)

1. Tobacco bale buffer memory device, its characterized in that: the tobacco bale grabbing device comprises a tobacco bale conveying device, a tobacco bale grabbing mechanical arm and a tobacco card;
the tobacco bale conveying device comprises a tobacco bale storing and taking channel matched with a tobacco bale, a tobacco bale conveying belt arranged at the bottom of the tobacco bale storing and taking channel and a driving motor for driving the tobacco bale conveying belt to run;
the output end of the cigarette packet access channel is provided with a baffle plate for controlling the on-off of the cigarette packet access channel, a cigarette packet cache chamber for storing cigarette packets is formed on the cigarette card, and a baffle plate driving mechanism is arranged on the cigarette packet conveying device;
the tobacco bale grabbing manipulator is arranged on one side of the tobacco bale conveying device and used for grabbing the tobacco bales cached in the tobacco bale storing and taking channel to the tobacco bale caching chamber to be stacked and cached layer by layer.
2. Tobacco bale buffer memory device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cigarette packet grabbing manipulator comprises a support, a sliding seat, a sliding block, a support frame and a plurality of suckers, wherein the sliding seat is slidably mounted on an X-direction guide rail of the support, the sliding block is slidably mounted on a Z-direction guide rail of the sliding seat, the support frame is connected with the sliding block, and the suckers are arranged on the support frame in rows;
the bracket is provided with an X-direction driving mechanism which drives the sliding seat to slide between a first position and a second position along the X-direction guide rail, and the sliding seat is provided with a Z-direction driving mechanism which drives the sliding block to slide along the Z-direction guide rail;
when the sliding seat is located at the first position, the sucker is located right above the cigarette packet access channel, and the Z-direction driving mechanism drives the sucker to move downwards to grab the cigarette packet; when the sliding seat is located at the second position, the sucker moves to the cigarette card position, and the grabbed cigarette packet is released to the cigarette packet cache chamber after the sucker loses air.
3. Tobacco bale buffer memory device according to claim 2, characterized in that: photoelectric sensors are arranged at the input ends of the cigarette packet access channels, and the photoelectric sensors, the cigarette packet grabbing mechanical arms, the cigarette packet conveying device and the baffle plate driving mechanism are all controlled by a PLC electric appliance control system.
4. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the cigarette clamping device comprises a cigarette clamping vertical conveying channel and a cigarette clamping driving mechanism for driving the cigarette clamping to move in the cigarette clamping vertical conveying channel;
when the grabbing manipulator finishes grabbing and stacking of the tobacco packets once, the tobacco card is driven by the tobacco card driving mechanism to move down by the tobacco packet stacking thickness, and the tobacco card conveying device is controlled by the PLC electrical appliance control system.
5. Tobacco bale buffer memory device according to claim 4, characterized in that: cigarette card actuating mechanism is in including symmetry parallel arrangement the Z of the vertical transfer passage both sides of cigarette card is to conveyer belt and drive Z is to driving motor to the Z of conveyer belt motion, two Z is equipped with a plurality of bearings to the inboard symmetry of conveyer belt the cigarette card layer board of cigarette card.
6. Tobacco bale buffer memory device according to claim 5, characterized in that: the cigarette card conveying device further comprises an upper-layer empty cigarette card conveying belt, a lower-layer full cigarette card conveying belt and a cigarette card conveying mechanical arm, the output end of the vertical conveying channel of the cigarette card is in butt joint with the input end of the lower-layer full cigarette card conveying belt, and the cigarette card conveying mechanical arm is used for lifting and placing the cigarette card conveyed on the upper-layer empty cigarette card conveying belt onto a cigarette card supporting plate of the cigarette card.
7. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 6, characterized in that: the cigarette card vertical conveying channel is provided with a full cigarette position and an empty cigarette position, and the distance between two adjacent cigarette card supporting plates on the Z-direction conveying belt is larger than the height of the cigarette card;
when the cigarette cards run to the full cigarette position, the cigarette packets are fully stacked in the cigarette cards, one cigarette card supporting plate on the Z-direction conveying belt just runs to the empty cigarette position, and the empty cigarette cards can be lifted and placed on the cigarette card supporting plate at the empty cigarette position by the cigarette card conveying manipulator;
when the cigarette card moves to the empty cigarette position, one of the cigarette card supporting plates on the Z-direction conveying belt just moves to the full cigarette position and is positioned below the lower full cigarette card conveying belt.
8. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 7, characterized in that: and a cigarette card supporting plate position sensor is arranged at the empty cigarette position on the cigarette card vertical conveying channel and is controlled by the PLC electrical appliance control system.
9. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 8, characterized in that: the cigarette card conveying device further comprises an upper layer empty cigarette card guide plate and a lower layer full cigarette card guide plate, wherein the upper layer empty cigarette card guide plate is located on two sides of the upper layer empty cigarette card conveying belt, and the lower layer full cigarette card guide plate is located on two sides of the lower layer full cigarette card conveying belt.
10. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 8, characterized in that: the cigarette clamp baffle plate for preventing the cigarette packet from falling from the side part open end of the cigarette clamp is arranged at the bottom end of one side of the cigarette clamp vertical conveying channel, which is close to the cigarette packet grabbing manipulator.
11. The cigarette packet buffer device according to claim 8, characterized in that: the cigarette card is the box structure, the top surface of box structure and be close to open the setting in the side of one side of snatching the manipulator.
12. A method of replenishing cigarette packets stored in a buffer storage device according to any one of claims 6 to 11, the method being installed between an upstream cigarette packet packing machine and a downstream cigarette packet packing machine, and comprising:
tobacco bale buffer memory mode:
the tobacco bale storing and taking manipulator extracts tobacco bales from the tobacco bale storing and taking channel to a tobacco card, the baffle blocks the downstream conveying of the tobacco bales in the tobacco bale storing and taking channel, the Z-direction conveying belt of the tobacco card conveying device conveys the tobacco cards downwards, each layer of tobacco bales is loaded, the tobacco cards descend to a station, the full tobacco card conveying belt runs outwards, the tobacco cards filled with the tobacco bales are conveyed outwards, the empty tobacco card conveying belt conveys the empty tobacco cards inwards to the vertical tobacco card conveying channel, the tobacco card carrying manipulator lifts the empty tobacco cards to a tobacco card supporting plate at the empty tobacco position of the vertical tobacco card conveying channel, and the empty tobacco card transferring between the empty tobacco card conveying belt and the Z-direction conveying belt is completed;
tobacco bale replenishment mode of operation:
the tobacco bale access channel is characterized in that a tobacco bale conveying belt of the tobacco bale access channel runs, a tobacco bale is extracted from a tobacco bale and placed on the tobacco bale conveying belt of the tobacco bale access channel by a tobacco bale access manipulator, a baffle plate is retracted, the cached tobacco bale is conveyed in a downstream mode, the tobacco bale is conveyed upwards by a Z-direction conveying belt of the tobacco bale conveying device, each layer of tobacco bale is removed, the tobacco bale is lifted to a station, the conveying belt full of the tobacco bale is operated inwards, the tobacco bale filled with the tobacco bale is conveyed inwards to a vertical conveying channel of the tobacco bale, and the conveying belt empty tobacco bale is operated outwards to convey the empty tobacco bale outwards.
CN202010523430.7A 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method Pending CN113772167A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010523430.7A CN113772167A (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010523430.7A CN113772167A (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113772167A true CN113772167A (en) 2021-12-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010523430.7A Pending CN113772167A (en) 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 Tobacco bale buffer memory device and tobacco bale buffer memory replenishment method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114852604A (en) * 2022-05-17 2022-08-05 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Automatic storage device for cigarette carton

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114852604A (en) * 2022-05-17 2022-08-05 河南中烟工业有限责任公司 Automatic storage device for cigarette carton

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