CN116034693B - Fertilizer structure of fertilizer distributor and fertilizer distributor thereof - Google Patents

Fertilizer structure of fertilizer distributor and fertilizer distributor thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116034693B
CN116034693B CN202310090072.9A CN202310090072A CN116034693B CN 116034693 B CN116034693 B CN 116034693B CN 202310090072 A CN202310090072 A CN 202310090072A CN 116034693 B CN116034693 B CN 116034693B
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China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
driving shaft
box body
assembly
baffle
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CN116034693A (en
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王�华
何翠翠
王汀忠
王登峰
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Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute CATAS
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Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute CATAS
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C15/00Fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/005Undercarriages, tanks, hoppers, stirrers specially adapted for seeders or fertiliser distributors
    • A01C15/006Hoppers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a fertilizer application structure of a fertilizer applicator and the fertilizer applicator thereof in the field of agricultural fertilizer application machinery, and the fertilizer application structure comprises a hopper, wherein a fertilizer control assembly for controlling the fertilizer application amount is arranged at the lower side of the hopper, the fertilizer control assembly comprises an upper box body, a first driving shaft is coaxially arranged in the upper box body, a plurality of groups of first blocking sheets for blocking fertilizer and shifting fertilizer are uniformly arranged on the first driving shaft at equal angles, the far ends of the first blocking sheets are attached to the inner cavity wall of the upper box body, and two blocking blocks are movably connected to the first driving shaft in the axial direction; the fertilizer discharging assembly comprises a lower box body, a second drive is coaxially arranged in the lower box body, second baffle plates which are fewer than the first baffle plates in number and used for blocking and poking fertilizer are equiangularly arranged on the second drive shaft, the far ends of the second baffle plates are attached to the inner cavity wall of the lower box body, and a first transmission assembly is arranged between the second drive shaft and the first drive shaft for transmission.

Description

Fertilizer structure of fertilizer distributor and fertilizer distributor thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a fertilizer application structure of a fertilizer applicator and the fertilizer applicator thereof.
Background
Fertilizing refers to agricultural technical measures that people apply fertilizers into soil or spray the fertilizers on plants through a fertilizer applicator to provide nutrients needed by the plants and maintain and improve soil fertility. The main purpose of fertilization is to increase crop yield, improve crop quality, fertilize soil fertility and increase economic benefits, so reasonable and scientific fertilization is one of the main means for guaranteeing grain safety and maintaining agricultural sustainable development.
The front part of the traditional fertilizer applicator is provided with a furrow opener, the furrow opener breaks the soil, and then fertilizer is discharged into a ditch through a fertilizer discharging mechanism arranged in the middle part of the fertilizer applicator. The problem with this mode is that there is usually a certain spacing between crops, but there is obvious difference in such spacing between different crops, and the automatic fertilizer application machinery is usually continuous and even fertilizer discharge, besides that fertilizer closer to the root system of the crops can be absorbed by the crops better, most fertilizer farther from the root system of the crops can be wasted, and the growth of barren grass can be further affected.
Based on the above, the invention designs a fertilizer structure of a fertilizer applicator and the fertilizer applicator thereof, so as to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a fertilizer application structure of a fertilizer applicator and the fertilizer applicator thereof, which aim to solve the problems that the conventional fertilizer applicator provided in the background art can always continuously and evenly discharge fertilizer in the fertilizer application process, but different crops are always provided with a certain interval, so that most of fertilizer far away from the root system of the crops can be wasted and the growth of the crops is affected except that fertilizer near the root system of the crops is absorbed better, so that the effects of adjustable fertilizer application amount, adjustable fertilizer application interval, simple structure and low cost are achieved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
a fertilizing structure of a fertilizer applicator and the fertilizer applicator thereof;
the fertilizer control device comprises a hopper, wherein a fertilizer control assembly for controlling the fertilizing amount is arranged on the lower side of the hopper, the fertilizer control assembly comprises an upper box body, a first driving shaft is coaxially arranged in the upper box body, a plurality of groups of first baffle plates for blocking fertilizer and poking fertilizer are uniformly arranged on the first driving shaft at equal angles, the far ends of the first baffle plates are attached to the inner cavity wall of the upper box body, two baffle blocks are movably connected to the first driving shaft in the axial direction, and a baffle part of each baffle block is positioned in a cavity formed by the first baffle plates, the upper box body and the first driving shaft and can slide along the axial direction of the first driving shaft so as to control the volume of the cavity;
the fertilizer discharging assembly comprises a lower box body, a second driving shaft is coaxially arranged in the lower box body, second baffle plates which are fewer than the first baffle plates in number and used for blocking fertilizer and poking fertilizer are arranged on the second driving shaft at equal angles, the far ends of the second baffle plates are attached to the inner cavity wall of the lower box body, and a first transmission assembly is arranged between the second driving shaft and the first driving shaft for transmission.
Preferably: the first transmission assembly comprises a first belt pulley detachably mounted with the first driving shaft, a second belt pulley detachably mounted with the second driving shaft and a transmission belt connected with the first belt pulley and the second belt pulley.
Preferably: the invention provides a fertilizer applicator provided with the fertilizer application structure, which comprises:
the novel soil covering shovel comprises a frame, a walking supporting structure is arranged on the frame, the walking supporting structure comprises two front wheels, a rear wheel and an armrest frame which are rotationally connected with the frame, a digging assembly is arranged on a wheel shaft between the two front wheels, and a soil covering shovel is further arranged on the frame.
Preferably: the hopper is fixedly arranged on the armrest frame, and the second driving shaft is rotationally connected with the frame.
Preferably: the digging assembly comprises a third driving shaft which is rotationally connected with an axle between two front wheels, a digging hoe is fixedly connected to the third driving shaft, and the third driving shaft and the second driving shaft are driven by a second driving belt.
Preferably: the axles of the two front wheels are provided with motors, and the motors can drive the third driving shafts to rotate.
Preferably: and telescopic components are arranged between the upper box body and the lower box body and between the upper box body and the hopper, and each telescopic component comprises a telescopic rod and a set screw for fixing the position of the telescopic rod.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention is provided with the fertilizer control assembly, on one hand, the second driving shaft rotates to drive the first driving shaft to rotate through the first transmission assembly, and the further first driving shaft drives the first baffle to rotate, so that fertilizer falling into the upper box body is discharged into the lower box body, and the effect of fixing the fertilizer application amount is achieved, and on the other hand, the purpose of adjusting the fertilizer application amount is realized by adjusting the position of the baffle block along the axis direction of the first driving shaft, and further utilizing the simple characteristic; the invention sets up the fertilizer assembly, drive the second separation blade to rotate through the second drive shaft, make the fertilizer that falls into the lower box body discharge from discharging the material passageway intermittently, through adjusting the rotational speed of the second drive shaft, further utilize the simple characteristic, realize the hopper continuously send the fertilizer, discharge the fertilizer port to fertilize intermittently, thus reach the effect of adjustable fertilization interval, it should be noted that a field ridge may have multiple groups to plant the hole actually, the fertilization structure in the invention can also multiple groups of fertilizer control assemblies and fertilizer discharge assemblies set up on a second drive shaft at the same time, facilitate the simultaneous fertilization of multiple holes of the same row.
2. The invention is provided with the transmission component, and the transmission component can ensure that the transmission ratio of the fertilizer control component and the fertilizer discharge component is stable, thereby ensuring that the fertilization is stable; and secondly, through changing the first belt pulley, the second belt pulley and the transmission belt, the transmission ratio between the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft can be changed, and further the device can meet the different purposes of different crop fertilization amounts.
3. The invention is provided with the digging assembly, the digging hoe is driven to rotate by the third driving shaft, when the walking supporting structure walks, the fertilization pit is intermittently dug on the land, the purpose that the fertilizer can be accurately discharged into the fertilization pit from the discharge channel at the lower side of the lower box body after the digging hoe digs out one fertilization pit by the cooperation between the third driving shaft and the second driving shaft is realized, and the effect that the interval of the fertilization pit corresponds to the interval of crops is further achieved by adjusting the rotating speed of the third driving shaft by utilizing the simple characteristic, so that the problem of fertilizer waste caused by the traditional fertilization opportunity is solved; the invention is provided with the earthing shovel, and the earthing shovel can re-landfill the earth dug by the digging hoe after the fertilizer is discharged into the fertilizing pit, so that the problem that the fertilizer is easy to volatilize and the utilization rate of the fertilizer is low is solved.
4. The telescopic assembly is arranged, so that the distance between the upper box body and the lower box body can be conveniently and efficiently adjusted, and the distance between the first driving shaft and the second driving shaft can be further adjusted, the effect that only the first belt wheel is needed to be replaced, the transmission belt is not needed to be replaced is achieved, and the telescopic assembly is convenient and efficient, and is convenient to maintain and replace.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are needed for the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and that other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention 1;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention 2;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of B-B in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the partial component fitting of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structural assembly of the present invention, shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structural assembly of the present invention, shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 7 is a partial component physical diagram of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic partial cross-sectional view of the present invention.
In the drawings, the list of components represented by the various numbers is as follows:
1. a frame; 2. a front wheel; 3. a hopper; 4. a fertilization structure; 4-1, a fertilizer control assembly; 4-1-1, a first baffle; 4-1-2, upper box body; 4-2, a fertilizer discharging assembly; 4-2-1, a second baffle; 4-2-2, lower box body; 4-3, a first drive shaft; 4-4, a second driving shaft; 4-5, a discharging channel; 4-6, a material blocking block; 4-6-1, a material blocking part; 4-7, a telescopic component; 4-7-1, telescopic rod; 4-7-2, set screw; 5. a first transmission assembly; 5-1, a first belt pulley; 5-2, a second belt pulley; 5-3, a driving belt; 6. a second belt; 7. digging a pit assembly; 7-1, a third drive shaft; 7-2, digging a pit hoe; 8. a rear wheel; 9. a soil covering shovel; 10. and a handrail frame.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a fertilizing structure of a fertilizing machine;
according to the embodiment shown in fig. 1-4, the fertilizer control device comprises a hopper 3, a fertilizer control assembly 4-1 for controlling the fertilizing amount is arranged on the lower side of the hopper 3, the fertilizer control assembly 4-1 comprises an upper box body 4-1-2, a first driving shaft 4-3 is coaxially arranged inside the upper box body 4-1-2, a plurality of groups of first baffle plates 4-1-1 for blocking and poking fertilizer are uniformly arranged on the upper equal angle of the first driving shaft 4-3, the distal ends of the first baffle plates 4-1-1 are attached to the inner cavity wall of the upper box body 4-1-2, two baffle blocks 4-6 are axially and movably connected to the first driving shaft 4-3, and a baffle part 4-6-1 of the baffle block 4-6 is positioned in a cavity formed by the first baffle plates 4-1-1, the upper box body 4-1-2 and the first driving shaft 4-3, and the baffle plates 4-6 can slide along the axial direction of the first driving shaft 4-3 so as to control the volume of the cavity;
the fertilizer control device is characterized in that a fertilizer discharging assembly 4-2 for discharging fertilizer is arranged on the lower side of the fertilizer control assembly 4-1, the fertilizer discharging assembly 4-2 comprises a lower box body 4-2-2, a second driving shaft 4-4 is coaxially arranged inside the lower box body 4-2-2, second baffle plates 4-2-1 which are fewer than the first baffle plates 4-1 in number and used for baffle and fertilizer stirring are arranged on the second driving shaft 4-4 at equal angles, the far end of the second baffle plate 4-2-1 is attached to the inner cavity wall of the lower box body 4-2, and a first transmission assembly 5 is arranged between the second driving shaft 4-4 and the first driving shaft 4-3 for transmission.
When in use, the basic principle of the application is as follows: the positions of the two baffle blocks 4-6 are adjusted according to the required fertilizer discharge amount (see fig. 4), the rotating speed of the second driving shaft 4-4 is adjusted according to the crop spacing, the second driving shaft 4-4 rotates and drives the first driving shaft 4-3 to rotate through the first transmission component 5, the first baffle plates 4-1-1 and the baffle blocks 4-6 are further driven to synchronously rotate, so that fertilizer falling into the upper box body 4-1-2 from the hopper 3 further falls into the lower box body 4-2-2, and meanwhile, the second driving shaft 4-4 rotates to drive the second baffle plates 4-2-1 to rotate, so that fertilizer falling into the lower box body 4-2-2 is further discharged from the discharge channel 4-5.
According to the invention, the fertilizer control assembly 4-1 is arranged, on one hand, the second driving shaft 4-4 rotates to drive the first driving shaft 4-3 to rotate through the first transmission assembly 5, and further, the first driving shaft 4-3 drives the first baffle plate 4-1-1 to rotate, so that fertilizer falling into the upper box body 4-1-2 is discharged into the lower box body 4-2, the effect of fixed fertilizing amount is achieved, and on the other hand, the purpose of adjustable fertilizing amount is realized by adjusting the position of the baffle block 4-6 along the axis direction of the first driving shaft 4-3, and further utilizing simple characteristics; the invention sets up the fertilizer assembly 4-2, drive the second baffle 4-2-1 to rotate through the second drive shaft 4-4, make the fertilizer that falls into the lower box body 4-2-2 discharge from discharging the material passageway 4-5 intermittently, through adjusting the rotational speed of the second drive shaft 4-4, further utilize the simple characteristic, realize the hopper is sustained to send the fertilizer, the fertilizer discharge port is fertilized intermittently, thus achieve the effect of adjustable fertilization interval, it is noted that a row of the field ridge may have multiple groups of planting pits actually, the fertilization structure in the invention can also multiple groups of fertilizer control assemblies 4-1 and fertilizer discharge assemblies 4-2 are set up on a second drive shaft 4-4 at the same time, facilitate the fertilization while arranging multiple pits.
As a further aspect of the invention: the first transmission assembly 5 includes a first pulley 5-1 detachably mounted to the first drive shaft 4-3, a second pulley 5-2 detachably mounted to the second drive shaft 4-4, and a transmission belt 5-3 connecting the first pulley 5-1 and the second pulley 5-2.
When the fertilizer distributor is used, firstly, the transmission component can ensure that the transmission ratio of the fertilizer control component 4-1 and the fertilizer discharge component 4-2 is stable, so that the fertilizer application is ensured to be stable; secondly, through changing the first belt pulley 5-1, the second belt pulley 5-2 and the transmission belt 5-3, the transmission ratio between the first driving shaft 4-3 and the second driving shaft 4-4 can be changed, and further the device can meet the purposes of different crop fertilization amounts.
As a further aspect of the invention: the invention provides a fertilizer applicator provided with the fertilizer application structure, which comprises:
according to the illustration of fig. 5-8, including frame 1, be provided with walking bearing structure on frame 1, walking bearing structure includes two front wheels 2, a rear wheel 8 and handrail frame 10 that rotate with frame 1 and be connected, be provided with dig hole subassembly 7 (as shown in fig. 7) on the shaft between two front wheels 2, fertilization structure 4 sets up in dig hole subassembly 7 rear side (with the direction of advance in fig. 6 as the place ahead), still be provided with earthing shovel 9 on frame 1 (upper and lower position is adjustable, prior art does not do not give a detail), earthing shovel 9 sets up in fertilization structure 4 rear side (with the direction of advance in fig. 6 as the place to ahead).
As a further aspect of the invention: the hopper 3 is fixedly arranged on the armrest frame 10, and the first driving shaft 4-3 and the second driving shaft 4-4 are both in rotary connection with the frame 1.
As a further aspect of the invention: the digging assembly 7 comprises a third driving shaft 7-1 which is rotationally connected with a wheel shaft between the two front wheels 2, the third driving shaft 7-1 is fixedly connected with a digging hoe 7-2, and the third driving shaft 7-1 and the second driving shaft 4-4 are transmitted through a second transmission belt 6.
As a further aspect of the invention: a motor (not shown) is provided on the axle of the two front wheels 2, which motor is capable of driving the third drive shaft 7-1 to rotate.
When in use, the utility model is characterized in that: according to the adjusted motor rotation speed of the crop spacing, the walking supporting mechanism walks, meanwhile, the motor drives the third driving shaft 7-1 to rotate, the third driving shaft 7-1 drives the digging hoe 7-2 to rotate, the digging pit is intermittently dug on the land, the fertilization pit spacing corresponds to the crop spacing, the further third driving shaft 7-1 drives the second driving shaft 4-4 to rotate, so that the fertilizer can be accurately discharged into the fertilization pit from the discharging channel 4-5 at the lower side of the lower box body 4-2-2 after the digging hoe 7-2 digs one fertilization pit, and the soil covering shovel 9 arranged at the rear side of the fertilization structure 4 can re-fill the soil dug by the digging pit hoe 7-2 when the walking supporting mechanism continues to travel after the further fertilizer is discharged into the fertilization pit.
According to the invention, the digging assembly 7 is arranged, the digging hoe 7-2 is driven to rotate by the third driving shaft 7-1, when the walking support structure walks, the fertilization pit is intermittently dug out on the land, the purpose that the fertilizer can be accurately discharged into the fertilization pit from the discharge channel 4-5 at the lower side of the lower box body 4-2 after the digging hoe 7-2 digs out one fertilization pit by the cooperation between the third driving shaft 7-1 and the second driving shaft 4-4 is realized, and the effect that the fertilization pit interval corresponds to the crop interval is further achieved by utilizing simple characteristics by adjusting the rotating speed of the third driving shaft 7-1, so that the problem of fertilizer waste caused by the traditional fertilization opportunity is solved; the invention further provides the earthing shovel 9, after the fertilizer is discharged into the fertilizing pit, the earthing shovel 9 can re-landfill the earth dug by the digging hoe, so that the problem that the fertilizer is easy to volatilize and the utilization rate of the fertilizer is low is solved.
As a further aspect of the invention: the telescopic components 4-7 are arranged between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the lower box body 4-2 and between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the hopper 3 (the telescopic components 4-7 between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the hopper 3 are not shown and are the same as the telescopic components 4-7 between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the lower box body 4-2 in principle), and the telescopic components 4-7 comprise telescopic rods 4-7-1 and set screws 4-7-2 for fixing the positions of the telescopic rods 4-7-1.
When the telescopic driving device is used, the second driving shaft 4-4 is rotationally connected with the frame 1, the second belt wheel 5-2 arranged on the second driving shaft 4-4 is difficult to replace, and when the first belt wheel 5-1 is replaced, the driving belt 5-3 is also required to be replaced correspondingly due to the size change, which is undoubtedly troublesome.
Working principle:
before fertilization:
in combination with the illustration, a user adjusts the rotating speed of a motor according to the spacing between crops, adjusts the position of a baffle block 4-6 according to the amount of fertilizer required by the crops, changes a belt wheel 5-1 and a driving belt with proper sizes, adjusts the distance between an upper box body 4-1-2 and a lower box body 4-2-2 according to the size of the belt wheel 5-1, and pours fertilizer into a hopper 3, wherein the fertilizer falls into the upper box body 4-1-2 (because the first baffle plate 4-1-1 does not rotate, the fertilizer is not discharged from the upper box body 4-1-2);
in fertilization:
the user starts a motor (not shown in the figure) and drives the walking support structure to walk at a relatively constant speed, the motor drives the third driving shaft 7-1 to rotate, the first driving shaft 4-3 drives the first baffle 4-1 and the baffle block 4-6 to synchronously rotate, the interval of the fertilization pits corresponds to the interval of crops, meanwhile, as a second transmission belt 6 is arranged between the third driving shaft 7-1 and the second driving shaft 4-4, the third driving shaft 7-1 also drives the second driving shaft 4-4 to rotate, a first transmission assembly 5 is also arranged between the further second driving shaft 4-4 and the first driving shaft 4-3, the second driving shaft 4-4 drives the first baffle 4-1 and the baffle block 4-6 to synchronously rotate, the fertilizer falling into the upper box body 4-1-2 from the hopper 3 further falls into the lower box body 4-2, the second driving shaft 4-4 rotates the second baffle 4-2-1, the fertilizer falling into the lower box body 4-2 further falls into the digging pit 4-3 and the soil is further discharged from the digging mechanism 4-3, and the soil is further scraped out of the digging mechanism when the soil is pushed out of the digging pit 4-3;
after fertilization is finished: the motor (not shown) is turned off and the travel support structure is stopped from traveling.
According to the invention, the fertilizer control assembly 4-1 is arranged, on one hand, the second driving shaft 4-4 rotates to drive the first driving shaft 4-3 to rotate through the first transmission assembly 5, and further, the first driving shaft 4-3 drives the first baffle plate 4-1-1 to rotate, so that fertilizer falling into the upper box body 4-1-2 is discharged into the lower box body 4-2, the effect of fixed fertilizing amount is achieved, and on the other hand, the purpose of adjustable fertilizing amount is realized by adjusting the position of the baffle block 4-6 along the axis direction of the first driving shaft 4-3, and further utilizing simple characteristics; the invention sets up the fertilizer assembly 4-2, drive the second baffle 4-2-1 to rotate through the second drive shaft 4-4, make the fertilizer that falls into the lower box body 4-2-2 discharge from discharging the material passageway 4-5 intermittently, through adjusting the rotational speed of the second drive shaft 4-4, further utilize the simple characteristic, realize the hopper is sustained to send the fertilizer, the fertilizer discharge port is fertilized intermittently, thus achieve the effect of adjustable fertilization interval, it is noted that a row of the field ridge may have multiple groups of planting pits actually, the fertilization structure in the invention can also multiple groups of fertilizer control assemblies 4-1 and fertilizer discharge assemblies 4-2 are set up on a second drive shaft 4-4 at the same time, facilitate the fertilization while arranging multiple pits.
The invention is provided with the transmission component, and the transmission component can ensure that the transmission ratio of the fertilizer control component 4-1 and the fertilizer discharge component 4-2 is stable, thereby ensuring that the fertilization is stable; secondly, through changing the first belt pulley 5-1, the second belt pulley 5-2 and the transmission belt 5-3, the transmission ratio between the first driving shaft 4-3 and the second driving shaft 4-4 can be changed, and further the device can meet the purposes of different crop fertilization amounts.
The invention is provided with the digging assembly, the digging hoe is driven to rotate by the third driving shaft, when the walking supporting structure walks, the fertilization pit is intermittently dug on the land, the purpose that the fertilizer can be accurately discharged into the fertilization pit from the discharge channel at the lower side of the lower box body after the digging hoe digs out one fertilization pit by the cooperation between the third driving shaft and the second driving shaft is realized, and the effect that the interval of the fertilization pit corresponds to the interval of crops is further achieved by adjusting the rotating speed of the third driving shaft by utilizing the simple characteristic, so that the problem of fertilizer waste caused by the traditional fertilization opportunity is solved; the invention is provided with the earthing shovel, and the earthing shovel can re-landfill the earth dug by the digging hoe after the fertilizer is discharged into the fertilizing pit, so that the problem that the fertilizer is easy to volatilize and the utilization rate of the fertilizer is low is solved.
According to the invention, the telescopic assembly 4-7 is arranged, so that the distance between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the lower box body 4-2-2 and the distance between the upper box body 4-1-2 and the hopper 3 can be conveniently and efficiently adjusted, and the distance between the first driving shaft 4-3 and the second driving shaft 4-4 can be further adjusted, thereby achieving the effects of only replacing the first belt wheel 5-1 and not replacing the driving belt 5-3, being convenient and efficient and being convenient for maintenance and replacement.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a fertilization structure of fertilizer distributor which characterized in that:
the automatic fertilizer control device comprises a hopper (3), wherein a fertilizer control assembly (4-1) for controlling the fertilizer application amount is arranged on the lower side of the hopper (3), the fertilizer control assembly (4-1) comprises an upper box body (4-1-2), a first driving shaft (4-3) is coaxially arranged inside the upper box body (4-1-2), a plurality of groups of first baffle plates (4-1-1) for blocking and stirring fertilizer are uniformly arranged on the first driving shaft (4-3) at equal angles, the distal end of the first baffle plates (4-1-1) is attached to the inner cavity wall of the upper box body (4-1-2), two baffle blocks (4-6) are axially movably connected to the first driving shaft (4-3), and the baffle parts (4-6-1) of the baffle blocks (4-6) are positioned in a cavity formed by the first baffle plates (4-1-1), the upper box body (4-1-2) and the first driving shaft (4-3), and the baffle blocks (4-6) can slide along the axial direction of the first driving shaft (4-3) to control the volume of the cavity;
the fertilizer discharging device is characterized in that a fertilizer discharging assembly (4-2) for discharging fertilizer is arranged at the lower side of the fertilizer controlling assembly (4-1), the fertilizer discharging assembly (4-2) comprises a lower box body (4-2-2), a second driving shaft (4-4) is coaxially arranged inside the lower box body (4-2-2), second baffle plates (4-2-1) which are fewer than the number of the first baffle plates (4-1-1) and are used for baffle and fertilizer pulling are equiangularly arranged on the second driving shaft (4-4), the distal end of the second baffle plates (4-2-1) is attached to the inner cavity wall of the lower box body (4-2), and a first transmission assembly (5) is arranged between the second driving shaft (4-4) and the first driving shaft (4-3) for transmission;
the first transmission assembly (5) comprises a first belt wheel (5-1) detachably mounted with the first driving shaft (4-3), a second belt wheel (5-2) detachably mounted with the second driving shaft (4-4), and a transmission belt (5-3) connecting the first belt wheel (5-1) and the second belt wheel (5-2);
a telescopic component (4-7) is arranged between the upper box body (4-1-2) and the lower box body (4-2) and between the upper box body (4-1-2) and the hopper (3), and the telescopic component (4-7) comprises a telescopic rod (4-7-1) and a set screw (4-7-2) for fixing the position of the telescopic rod (4-7-1);
through setting up flexible subassembly (4-7), can make things convenient for the efficient adjustment to go up the distance between box body (4-1-2) and the lower box body (4-2-2), also can adjust the distance between box body (4-1-2) and hopper (3), further adjustment first drive shaft (4-3) and second drive shaft (4-4) between the distance, reach only need change first band pulley (5-1), need not to change the effect of drive belt (5-3).
2. A fertilizer applicator having the fertilizer structure of claim 1 mounted thereto: the method is characterized in that:
the novel multifunctional walking frame comprises a frame (1), wherein a walking supporting structure is arranged on the frame (1), the walking supporting structure comprises two front wheels (2), a rear wheel (8) and an armrest frame (10) which are rotationally connected with the frame (1), a digging assembly (7) is arranged on a wheel shaft between the two front wheels (2), and a soil covering shovel (9) is further arranged on the frame (1).
3. A fertilizer applicator as set forth in claim 2 wherein: the hopper (3) is fixedly arranged on the armrest frame (10), and the second driving shaft (4-4) is rotationally connected with the frame (1).
4. A fertilizer applicator as set forth in claim 2 wherein: the digging assembly (7) comprises a third driving shaft (7-1) which is rotationally connected with a wheel shaft between the two front wheels (2), the third driving shaft (7-1) is fixedly connected with a digging hoe (7-2), and the third driving shaft (7-1) and the second driving shaft (4-4) are in transmission through a second transmission belt (6).
5. A fertilizer applicator as set forth in claim 2 wherein: the wheel shafts of the two front wheels (2) are provided with motors, and the motors can drive the third driving shaft (7-1) to rotate.
CN202310090072.9A 2023-02-09 2023-02-09 Fertilizer structure of fertilizer distributor and fertilizer distributor thereof Active CN116034693B (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202354069U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-08-01 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Forward-throwing farmyard manure spreading machine
KR101381819B1 (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-04-04 주식회사 금강모빌랙 A mobile rack having hybrid drive
CN204362566U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-06-03 湖南农业大学 One is spread fertilizer over the fields fertilizer and is grabbed native earthing equipment
CN104982128A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 江苏大学 Chain transmission type stock planting mechanism
CN206472485U (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-09-08 广西玉柴动力机械有限公司 A kind of sugarcane-cultivation fertilizer applicator
CN112136424A (en) * 2020-10-29 2020-12-29 石河子大学 Continuously variable transmission type variable rate fertilizer applicator
CN212573524U (en) * 2020-06-11 2021-02-23 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 Elm is planted with automatic quantitative fertilizer distributor
WO2021068291A1 (en) * 2019-10-11 2021-04-15 江苏大学 Deep rotary tillage layered aerial fog fertilization device and combined machine
CN112753305A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-07 杜贺 Soil pollution restores equipment of ploughing

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202354069U (en) * 2011-10-08 2012-08-01 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Forward-throwing farmyard manure spreading machine
KR101381819B1 (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-04-04 주식회사 금강모빌랙 A mobile rack having hybrid drive
CN204362566U (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-06-03 湖南农业大学 One is spread fertilizer over the fields fertilizer and is grabbed native earthing equipment
CN104982128A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 江苏大学 Chain transmission type stock planting mechanism
CN206472485U (en) * 2017-02-23 2017-09-08 广西玉柴动力机械有限公司 A kind of sugarcane-cultivation fertilizer applicator
WO2021068291A1 (en) * 2019-10-11 2021-04-15 江苏大学 Deep rotary tillage layered aerial fog fertilization device and combined machine
CN212573524U (en) * 2020-06-11 2021-02-23 安徽泓森高科林业股份有限公司 Elm is planted with automatic quantitative fertilizer distributor
CN112136424A (en) * 2020-10-29 2020-12-29 石河子大学 Continuously variable transmission type variable rate fertilizer applicator
CN112753305A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-07 杜贺 Soil pollution restores equipment of ploughing

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