CN114521427A - Intelligent greenhouse system - Google Patents

Intelligent greenhouse system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114521427A
CN114521427A CN202210179402.7A CN202210179402A CN114521427A CN 114521427 A CN114521427 A CN 114521427A CN 202210179402 A CN202210179402 A CN 202210179402A CN 114521427 A CN114521427 A CN 114521427A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
planting
framework
rotating
greenhouse
horizontal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202210179402.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭婷
彭志
杨格
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Futian Ecological Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Futian Ecological Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Futian Ecological Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd filed Critical Hunan Futian Ecological Agricultural Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN202210179402.7A priority Critical patent/CN114521427A/en
Publication of CN114521427A publication Critical patent/CN114521427A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1423Greenhouse bench structures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of greenhouses, in particular to an intelligent greenhouse system, which comprises a greenhouse framework, hooks, a culture pond, a horizontal plate and a three-dimensional planting frame, wherein the hooks are arranged on the greenhouse framework; the greenhouse framework comprises upright posts and house beams; the lower ends of the plurality of upright posts are fixed on the ground; the house beam is fixed at the upper end of the upright post; transparent endurance plates are fixedly arranged on the upper side and the shaft side of the greenhouse framework; the culture pond is in a basin shape and is placed on the upper side of the cultivated land; the horizontal plate is positioned above the culture pond and detachably connected with the upright post; a plurality of layers of planting pots are arranged in the vertical direction on the three-dimensional planting frame and used for planting green crops; utilize three-dimensional planting, breed and then realize making full use of the vertical space of big-arch shelter.

Description

Intelligent greenhouse system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of greenhouses, in particular to an intelligent greenhouse system.
Background
At present, the technology of planting vegetables in greenhouses is very popular in various places in China, the greenhouse planting can effectively manage the planting of various crops, the influence on disease and pest prevention and weather is improved, the unit yield of the crops is improved, and meanwhile, the fresh vegetables and the crops in richer and different areas can be planted through the control of the temperature, the humidity and the like of the greenhouses.
Greenhouse growers only plant on the surface layer in the greenhouse, and cannot well utilize the vertical space of the greenhouse.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides an intelligent greenhouse system which utilizes three-dimensional planting and cultivation to further realize full utilization of the vertical space of a greenhouse and realize closed-loop management of ecological cycle and biological safety.
In order to achieve the purpose of the invention, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
an intelligent greenhouse system comprises a greenhouse framework, hooks, a culture pond, a horizontal plate and a three-dimensional planting frame;
the greenhouse framework comprises upright posts and house beams; the lower ends of the plurality of upright posts are fixed on the ground; the house beam is fixed at the upper end of the upright post; transparent endurance plates are fixedly arranged on the upper side and the shaft side of the greenhouse framework;
the culture pond is in a basin shape and is placed on the upper side of the cultivated land;
the horizontal plate is positioned above the culture pond and detachably connected with the upright post;
the stereoscopic planting frame is provided with a plurality of layers of planting pots in the vertical direction, and the planting pots are used for planting green crops.
Further, the three-dimensional planting frame comprises a planting pot, a rotating framework, a horizontal framework, a hanging rod, a rotation limiting rod, a jack and a bolt;
two opposite sides of the horizontal framework are both rotatably provided with rotating frameworks;
two ends of the suspender are fixedly connected with the horizontal framework;
the planting pots are rotatably connected with the rotating framework, and the rotating axes of the planting pots are horizontal;
one end of the rotation limiting rod is rotatably connected with one of the rotating frameworks, and the jack is arranged on the other rotating framework;
the free end of the rotation limiting rod is provided with a bolt hole matched with the jack;
the bolt is sleeved in the bolt holes of the jack and the rotation limiting rod.
Further, a roller is fixedly connected with the rotating framework and is used for contacting the ground; the stereoscopic planting rack is convenient to move; and when the flat state and the three-dimensional state are switched, the switching process is smoother due to the existence of the roller.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the cultivation pond is arranged on the cultivation layer of the cultivated land in the greenhouse framework, so that the cultivation layer of the cultivated land can not be broken; the three-dimensional planting frame is hung right above the culture pond, and the culture pond below and the three-dimensional planting frame above the culture pond fully utilize the space in the vertical direction in the greenhouse; utilize three-dimensional planting, breed and then realize making full use of the vertical space of big-arch shelter.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a three-dimensional planting frame;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional planting frame being flattened;
reference symbol comparison table:
the greenhouse comprises a greenhouse framework 10, upright posts 11, house beams 12, hooks 20, a culture pond 30, a horizontal plate 40, a stereoscopic planting frame 50, a planting pot 51, a rotating framework 52, a horizontal framework 53, a hanging rod 54, a rotation limiting rod 55, rollers 56, jacks 57 and bolts 58.
Detailed Description
The following further describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that as used in the following description, the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
In order to make the content of the present invention more clearly understood, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, an intelligent greenhouse system comprises a greenhouse frame 10, hooks 20, a culture pond 30, a horizontal plate 40 and a stereoscopic planting frame 50;
the greenhouse framework 10 comprises upright posts 11 and house beams 12; the lower ends of a plurality of upright posts 11 are fixed on the ground; the house beam 12 is fixed at the upper end of the upright post 11; transparent endurance plates are fixedly arranged on the upper side and the peripheral side of the greenhouse framework 10.
The culture pond 30 is basin-shaped and is placed on the upper side of the cultivated land; the nationally stipulated facility farmland does not damage the arable soil plough layer, and a permanent basic farmland can be used;
the horizontal plate 40 is positioned above the culture pond 30, and the horizontal plate 40 is detachably connected with the upright post 11;
the stereoscopic planting frame 50 is provided with a plurality of layers of planting pots 51 in the vertical direction, and the planting pots 51 are used for planting green crops;
the cultivation pond 30 is placed on the cultivated land cultivation layer in the greenhouse framework 10, so that the cultivated land cultivation layer cannot be broken; the stereoscopic planting frame 50 is hung over the culture pond 30, and the culture pond 30 below and the stereoscopic planting frame 50 above fully utilize the space in the vertical direction in the greenhouse; utilize three-dimensional planting, breed and then realize making full use of the vertical space of big-arch shelter.
Meanwhile, since the fishes and shrimps cultivated in the cultivation pond 30 need to consume oxygen and generate carbon dioxide, the green plants in the opposite cultivation pots 51 consume carbon dioxide and generate oxygen; therefore, ecological circulation of carbon dioxide and oxygen exists between the fishes and shrimps cultivated in the cultivation pond 30 and the green plants in the planting pot 51.
Specifically, the stereoscopic planting frame 50 comprises a planting pot 51, a rotating skeleton 52, a horizontal skeleton 53, a hanging rod 54, a rotation limiting rod 55, a jack 57 and a plug pin 58;
two opposite sides of the horizontal framework 53 are rotatably provided with rotating frameworks 52;
the two ends of the suspender 54 are fixedly connected with the horizontal framework 53, preferably, the suspender 54 is arched upwards;
the planting pots 51 are rotatably connected with the rotating framework 52, the rotating axes of the planting pots 51 are horizontal, and the pot mouths of the planting pots 51 are always upward due to the weight distribution of the planting pots 51;
one end of the rotation limiting rod 55 is rotatably connected with one of the rotating frameworks 52, and the insertion hole 57 is formed in the other rotating framework 52;
a free end of the rotation limiting rod 55 is provided with a bolt hole matched with the jack 57;
the bolt 58 is sleeved in the bolt holes of the jack 57 and the rotation limiting rod 55.
To sum up, the stereoscopic planting frame 50 has a tiled state and a stereoscopic state.
When crops need to be planted in the planting pots 51 in a flat state (fig. 3), the bolts 58 are pulled out from the inserting holes 57 and the bolt holes of the rotation limiting rods 55 (see fig. 2), and due to the lack of limiting of the rotation limiting rods 55, the two rotating frameworks 52 and the horizontal framework 53 rotate to enable the two rotating frameworks 52 and the horizontal framework 53 to be flat, and due to the fact that all the planting pots 51 are located at the same height, a manager can conveniently plant the crops in the planting pots 51.
A three-dimensional state (fig. 2), after planting, the suspension rod 54 is pulled up, the suspension rod 54 is suspended to the hook 20, and the three-dimensional planting frame 50 is in the three-dimensional state; the bolts 58 are inserted into the insertion holes 57 and the bolt holes of the rotation limiting rods 55, so that the stereoscopic planting frame 50 is stable in structure.
Since the planting pot 51 is rotatably connected with the rotating framework 52, the mouth of the planting pot 51 is always upward in the process of switching between the flat laying state and the three-dimensional state.
Referring to fig. 2, a roller 56 is fixedly connected to the rotating frame 52, and the roller 56 is used for contacting the ground. The stereoscopic planting frame 50 is convenient to move; when the flat state and the three-dimensional state are switched, the switching process is smoother due to the existence of the roller 56; the horizontal floor area is developed upwards in a three-dimensional way.
Further, the hook 20 corresponds to the pillar 11.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. An intelligent greenhouse system is characterized by comprising a greenhouse framework, hooks, a culture pond, a horizontal plate and a three-dimensional planting frame;
the greenhouse framework comprises upright posts and house beams; the lower ends of the plurality of upright posts are fixed on the ground; the house beam is fixed at the upper end of the upright post; transparent endurance plates are fixedly arranged on the upper side and the peripheral side of the greenhouse framework;
the culture pond is in a basin shape and is placed on the upper side of the cultivated land;
the horizontal plate is positioned above the culture pond and detachably connected with the upright post;
the stereoscopic planting frame is provided with a plurality of layers of planting pots in the vertical direction, and the planting pots are used for planting green crops.
2. The intelligent greenhouse system of claim 1,
the three-dimensional planting frame comprises a planting pot, a rotating framework, a horizontal framework, a hanging rod, a rotation limiting rod, a jack and a bolt;
two opposite sides of the horizontal framework are both rotatably provided with rotating frameworks;
two ends of the suspender are fixedly connected with the horizontal framework;
the planting pots are rotatably connected with the rotating framework, and the rotating axes of the planting pots are horizontal;
one end of the rotation limiting rod is rotatably connected with one of the rotating frameworks, and the jack is arranged on the other rotating framework;
the free end of the rotation limiting rod is provided with a bolt hole matched with the jack;
the bolt is sleeved in the bolt holes of the jack and the rotation limiting rod.
3. The intelligent greenhouse system of claim 2,
the roller is fixedly connected with the rotating framework and is used for contacting the ground; the stereoscopic planting rack is convenient to move; when the flat state and the three-dimensional state are switched, the switching process is smoother due to the existence of the roller; the horizontal floor area is developed upwards in a three-dimensional way.
CN202210179402.7A 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 Intelligent greenhouse system Pending CN114521427A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210179402.7A CN114521427A (en) 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 Intelligent greenhouse system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210179402.7A CN114521427A (en) 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 Intelligent greenhouse system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114521427A true CN114521427A (en) 2022-05-24

Family

ID=81625673

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202210179402.7A Pending CN114521427A (en) 2022-02-25 2022-02-25 Intelligent greenhouse system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114521427A (en)

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207011348U (en) * 2017-05-18 2018-02-16 云南新维特生物科技有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum planting greenhouse
CN207589625U (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-07-10 珠海市绿之宝农业有限公司 A kind of three-dimensional agriculture ecosystem
CN109952885A (en) * 2017-12-14 2019-07-02 璧靛钩 A kind of agricultural economy tridimensional planting system
CN209089495U (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-07-12 四川农业大学 Green organic green vegetables planting pergola
CN210298737U (en) * 2019-03-21 2020-04-14 云南归根农业科技有限公司 Intensive konjak planting greenhouse
CN211881572U (en) * 2020-03-04 2020-11-10 江西皓涵农业开发有限公司 Combined stereoscopic planting frame for figs
CN212164381U (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-12-18 安徽斛生记生物科技有限公司 A hang formula and plant frame for dendrobii officmalis caulis cultivates
CN212993344U (en) * 2020-06-10 2021-04-20 固原市博弘农业发展有限公司 Organic planting and fish-farming device for greenhouse
CN213281163U (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-05-28 浙江融合环境科技有限公司 Multilayer three-dimensional fish and vegetable planting and breeding system
CN113141916A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-07-23 宁波舜韵电子有限公司 Three-dimensional planting frame of dendrobium officinale that combines together is banked up with earth to water planting

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207011348U (en) * 2017-05-18 2018-02-16 云南新维特生物科技有限公司 A kind of dendrobium candidum planting greenhouse
CN207589625U (en) * 2017-08-22 2018-07-10 珠海市绿之宝农业有限公司 A kind of three-dimensional agriculture ecosystem
CN109952885A (en) * 2017-12-14 2019-07-02 璧靛钩 A kind of agricultural economy tridimensional planting system
CN209089495U (en) * 2018-09-30 2019-07-12 四川农业大学 Green organic green vegetables planting pergola
CN210298737U (en) * 2019-03-21 2020-04-14 云南归根农业科技有限公司 Intensive konjak planting greenhouse
CN211881572U (en) * 2020-03-04 2020-11-10 江西皓涵农业开发有限公司 Combined stereoscopic planting frame for figs
CN212164381U (en) * 2020-03-19 2020-12-18 安徽斛生记生物科技有限公司 A hang formula and plant frame for dendrobii officmalis caulis cultivates
CN212993344U (en) * 2020-06-10 2021-04-20 固原市博弘农业发展有限公司 Organic planting and fish-farming device for greenhouse
CN213281163U (en) * 2020-07-21 2021-05-28 浙江融合环境科技有限公司 Multilayer three-dimensional fish and vegetable planting and breeding system
CN113141916A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-07-23 宁波舜韵电子有限公司 Three-dimensional planting frame of dendrobium officinale that combines together is banked up with earth to water planting

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Application publication date: 20220524

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication