CN114514874A - Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water - Google Patents

Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114514874A
CN114514874A CN202111610419.5A CN202111610419A CN114514874A CN 114514874 A CN114514874 A CN 114514874A CN 202111610419 A CN202111610419 A CN 202111610419A CN 114514874 A CN114514874 A CN 114514874A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
rotating
block
traction rope
gear
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Granted
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CN202111610419.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114514874B (en
Inventor
王强
王永禄
王永福
王永盛
王学文
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Shandong Yuan Quan Machinery Co ltd
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Shandong Yuan Quan Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111610419.5A priority Critical patent/CN114514874B/en
Publication of CN114514874A publication Critical patent/CN114514874A/en
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Publication of CN114514874B publication Critical patent/CN114514874B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/006Distribution of liquid fertilisers by gravity flow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Catching Or Destruction (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a water-saving agricultural irrigation water application device in the technical field of agricultural irrigation, which comprises a box body horizontally moved by rollers, wherein a batching component and a fertilizing component are arranged in the box body, the batching component is used for configuring fertilizers with different concentrations for different crops, and the fertilizing component is used for fertilizing the crops in different directions after the batching component configures the fertilizers with different concentrations; the invention can better fertilize crops.

Description

Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural irrigation, in particular to water-saving agricultural irrigation water applying equipment.
Background
In the growth process of crops, irrigation water or fertilizers are needed for the crops, the concentrations of the fertilizers needed in different growth periods are different, and in different growth periods, foliar fertilization and rhizome fertilization are needed for the crops according to the growth conditions of the crops.
When prior art fertilizes crops, fertilize through the manual work usually, the degree of difficulty of fertilizeing when carrying out the foliar fertilization is less, can carry out the fertilization of large tracts of land, and because crops planting density is great when carrying out the rhizome fertilization, need the staff to fertilize the rhizome manually, and need the staff to bow when carrying out the rhizome fertilization and operate, the fertilization degree of difficulty is great, and is unfavorable for the fertilization of crops of large tracts of land.
Based on the above, the invention designs a water-saving agricultural irrigation water application device to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a water-saving agricultural irrigation water application device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of fertiliziing, includes the box that relies on gyro wheel horizontal migration, inside batching subassembly and the fertilization subassembly of being provided with of box, the batching subassembly is used for the fertilizer to different crops configuration different concentrations, the fertilization subassembly fertilizies through different directions behind the fertilizer of batching subassembly configuration different concentrations to crops.
As a further scheme of the invention, the batching component comprises a batching box and a first push rod;
the batching box is fixedly connected to the box body, the top of the batching box is fixedly connected with a raw material box, and the raw material box is divided into a plurality of discharging grooves by a plurality of vertically distributed partition plates; the separation plate is connected with the raw material box in a sliding manner; the partition plates are fixedly connected with first springs for resetting of the partition plates, clamping grooves are formed in the partition plates, clamping blocks are connected in the clamping grooves in a clamping mode, and the clamping blocks are connected with the raw material box in a sliding mode in the front-back direction; the fixture blocks are fixedly connected with first air springs for resetting; the rear end of the fixture block extends to the rear side of the raw material box, the raw material box is connected with a slide rod in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, the slide rod is used for driving the fixture block to move upwards, ejector blocks fixedly connected to the raw material box are arranged above the fixture block, and the ejector blocks are used for driving the fixture block to move forwards to enable the fixture block to be staggered with the slide rod; a blanking port is formed in the rear side wall of the raw material box and is positioned above the batching box; the inner wall of the batching box is connected with a floating plate in a sliding manner, the floating plate is fixedly connected with a first toothed bar, the first toothed bar is meshed with a first gear, and the first gear is rotationally connected to the batching box;
first push rod and the equal sliding connection of batching box and box, the rear end fixed connection back slide of first push rod, it is connected with second gear and third gear to rotate on the slide, second gear and third gear disalignment, second gear and third gear homoenergetic can with first gear engagement, the roller is received to the first volume of fixedly connected with in the axis of rotation of second gear, fixedly connected with second roll-up roller in the axis of rotation of third gear, first roll-up roller and second roll-up roller twine respectively has first haulage rope and second haulage rope, the upper end of first haulage rope and second haulage rope all with slide bar fixed connection.
As a further scheme of the invention, the fertilizing assembly comprises a plurality of liquid dropping ports, a second toothed bar, a first spraying port and a second spraying port;
the liquid falling openings are formed in the bottom of the batching box; a cover plate used for shielding the liquid falling port is arranged below the liquid falling port, and the top surface of the cover plate is attached to the bottom surface of the batching box; the front right side of the bottom of the cover plate is provided with a cylinder for driving the cover plate to turn over; the left sides of the front and rear side walls of the cover plate are fixedly connected with first rotating shafts, the rear sides of the left and right side walls of the cover plate are fixedly connected with second rotating shafts, the first rotating shafts are rotatably connected with first rotating blocks, and the two first rotating blocks are respectively connected with the front and rear side walls of the box body in a sliding manner; the first rotating block is fixedly connected with a second air spring for resetting the first rotating block; the outer sides of the second rotating shafts are provided with second rotating blocks, the second rotating blocks are connected with the box body in a sliding mode, and the second rotating blocks can be sleeved with the second rotating shafts; the second rotating block is fixedly connected with a third gas spring for resetting the second rotating block; the first rotating block on the rear side is fixedly connected with the second rotating block on the left side through a third traction rope; the first rotating block on the front side is fixedly connected with the second rotating block on the right side through a fourth traction rope;
the second rack bar is fixedly connected with the first push rod, the second rack bar is meshed with a fourth gear, the fourth gear is rotatably connected with the box body, a first rotating wheel is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the fourth gear, a second rotating wheel is arranged on the left side of the first rotating wheel, the first rotating wheel and the second rotating wheel are jointly in transmission connection with a first belt, a third rotating wheel is arranged on the rear side of the second rotating wheel, the third rotating wheel and the second rotating wheel are jointly in transmission connection with a second belt, and the second rotating wheel and the third rotating wheel are both rotatably connected with the box body; a third winding roller is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the third rotating wheel, a fifth traction rope and a sixth traction rope are wound on the third winding roller, the winding directions of the fifth traction rope and the sixth traction rope are opposite, the front end of the fifth traction rope is fixedly connected with the first rotating block on the front side, and the rear end of the sixth traction rope is fixedly connected with the first rotating block on the rear side;
the first spraying opening is formed in the right side wall of the box body;
the second spraying opening is formed in the front side wall of the box body, and the height of the second spraying opening is shorter than that of the first spraying opening.
As a further scheme of the invention, a first friction wheel is rotatably connected to the left side of the cover plate; a first arc-shaped friction block attached to the first friction wheel is arranged on the side edge of the first friction wheel; the first arc-shaped friction block is connected with the box body in a sliding mode, a seventh traction rope is fixedly connected to the first arc-shaped friction block, and the rear end of the seventh traction rope is fixedly connected with a fifth traction rope; the first arc-shaped friction block is fixedly connected with a fourth gas spring for resetting the first arc-shaped friction block; the rear side of the cover plate is rotatably connected with a second friction wheel, and a second arc-shaped friction block which can be attached to the second friction wheel is arranged on the side edge of the second friction wheel; the second arc-shaped friction block is connected with the box body in a sliding manner; the second arc-shaped friction block is fixedly connected with a fifth air spring for resetting the second arc-shaped friction block, a second push rod for driving the second arc-shaped friction block to move forwards and be attached to a second friction wheel is arranged on the rear side of the second arc-shaped friction block, the second push rod is connected to the box body in a sliding mode, a third push rod for driving the second arc-shaped friction block to move rightwards is arranged on the left side of the second push rod, and the third push rod is fixedly connected with a first rotating block on the rear side; the top of the cover plate is fixedly connected with an L-shaped baffle plate, the L-shaped baffle plate is used for shielding the rear side and the left side of the top surface of the cover plate, the left side of the top of the cover plate is connected with a first baffle plate in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, a second spring for resetting the first baffle plate is fixedly connected onto the first baffle plate, an eighth traction rope is fixedly connected to the bottom of the first baffle plate, and the left end of the eighth traction rope is wound on a rotating shaft of the first friction wheel; the top front side of apron sliding connection has the second baffle in vertical direction, fixedly connected with is used for its third spring that resets on the second baffle, the bottom fixedly connected with ninth haulage rope of second baffle, the rear end winding of ninth haulage rope is in the axis of rotation of second friction pulley.
As a further scheme of the invention, the bottom of the raw material box is fixedly connected with a flow guide table, and the flow guide table is positioned on the side edge of the blanking port.
As a further scheme of the invention, the top of the partition plate is provided with a material guide inclined plane.
As a further scheme of the invention, a limiting block capable of limiting the first push rod is connected to the front wall of the box body in a sliding mode.
As a further scheme of the invention, the first spraying opening and the second spraying opening are both fixedly connected with spray heads.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, through the arrangement of the batching components, when the batching box is used for preparing the fertilizer aqueous solution, the batching box can automatically adjust the addition amount of the fertilizer according to the water injection amount, and when the fertilizer with different concentrations needs to be prepared, only the first push rod needs to be pushed to move backwards, and the same fertilizer amount can be added to different water injection amounts by controlling the tooth numbers of the second gear and the third gear, so that the concentration of the fertilizer in the fertilizer aqueous solution can be changed; meanwhile, the rotation direction of the cover plate can be changed through the arrangement of the fertilizing assembly, so that the liquid outlet direction of the fertilizer aqueous solution is changed, when the foliage is required to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out from the first spraying opening, the fertilizer aqueous solution falls from the position right above crops and contacts with the foliage of the crops, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be better contacted with the foliage of the crops; when the roots and the stalks need to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out from the second spraying port, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed onto the roots and the stalks of the crops from the side edge, so that the fertilizer can be applied to the fertilization of the crops in different periods.
2. According to the invention, through the arrangement of the L-shaped baffle, the first baffle and the second baffle, when the cover plate is turned over towards the lower right, the L-shaped baffle and the second baffle block the front, the rear and the left surfaces of the cover plate, so that fertilizer aqueous solution can be ensured to completely flow out from the right side of the cover plate; when the cover plate is turned over towards the front lower part, the L-shaped baffle and the first baffle block the left surface, the right surface and the rear surface of the cover plate, so that fertilizer water solution can completely flow out from the front side of the cover plate; can guarantee that fertilizer aqueous solution can be intact follow first sprinkler bead blowout, can guarantee that fertilizer aqueous solution can not be extravagant.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the case of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the third take-up roll, the fifth hauling rope, the sixth hauling rope and the seventh hauling rope according to the invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at B in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a cutaway structure of the batching box of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure at C in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the upper structure of the cover plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the connection between the cylinder and the cover plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the L-shaped baffle and the first baffle on the cover plate;
FIG. 11 is a second arcuate pad of the present invention; a schematic diagram of a connection structure among the fifth gas spring, the second push rod and the third push rod;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the second L-shaped baffle of the present invention on the cover plate;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the card slot on the partition plate according to the present invention.
In the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
the device comprises a box body 1, a roller 2, a batching box 3, a first push rod 4, a raw material box 5, a partition plate 6, a discharge chute 7, a first spring 8, a clamping groove 9, a clamping block 10, a first air spring 11, a sliding rod 12, a top block 13, a blanking port 14, a floating plate 15, a first toothed bar 16, a first gear 17, a sliding plate 18, a second gear 19, a third gear 20, a first coiling roller 21, a second coiling roller 22, a first traction rope 23, a second traction rope 24, a liquid dropping port 25, a second toothed bar 26, a first spraying port 27, a second spraying port 28, a cover plate 29, an air cylinder 30, a first rotating shaft 31, a second rotating shaft 32, a first rotating block 33, a second air spring 34, a second rotating block 35, a third air spring 36, a third traction rope 37, a fourth traction rope 38, a fourth gear 39, a first rotating wheel 40, a second rotating wheel 41, a first belt 42, a third rotating wheel 43, a second belt 44, a third traction roller 45, a fifth traction roller 46, a fifth coiling rope 46, a third rotating wheel 43, a second belt 44, a third traction roller and a fifth coiling rope 46, The device comprises a sixth traction rope 47, a first friction wheel 48, a first arc-shaped friction block 49, a seventh traction rope 50, a fourth air spring 51, a second friction wheel 52, a second arc-shaped friction block 53, a fifth air spring 54, a second push rod 55, a third push rod 56, an L-shaped baffle 57, a first baffle 58, a second spring 59, an eighth traction rope 60, a second baffle 61, a third spring 62, a ninth traction rope 63, a diversion table 64, a material guide inclined surface 65, a limiting block 66 and a spray head 67.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1-13, the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of fertiliziing, includes the box 1 that relies on 2 horizontal migration of gyro wheel, 1 inside batching subassembly and the fertilization subassembly of being provided with of box, the batching subassembly is used for the fertilizer of different concentration of configuration to different crops, the fertilization subassembly is fertilizeed through not equidirectional behind the fertilizer of the different concentration of configuration of batching subassembly.
As a further aspect of the present invention, the batching assembly comprises a batching box 3 and a first push rod 4; the batching box 3 is fixedly connected to the box body 1, the top of the batching box 3 is fixedly connected with a raw material box 5, and the raw material box 5 is divided into a plurality of discharging grooves 7 through a plurality of vertically distributed partition plates 6; the separation plate 6 is connected with the raw material box 5 in a sliding way; the partition plates 6 are fixedly connected with first springs 8 for resetting the partition plates, clamping grooves 9 are formed in the partition plates 6, clamping blocks 10 are clamped in the clamping grooves 9, and the clamping blocks 10 are connected with the raw material box 5 in a sliding mode in the front-back direction; the fixture blocks 10 are fixedly connected with a first air spring 11 for resetting; the rear end of the fixture block 10 extends to the rear side of the raw material box 5, a slide rod 12 is connected to the raw material box 5 in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, the slide rod 12 is used for driving the fixture block 10 to move upwards, ejector blocks 13 fixedly connected to the raw material box 5 are arranged above the fixture block 10, and the ejector blocks 13 are used for driving the fixture block 10 to move forwards to enable the fixture block 10 to be staggered with the slide rod 12; a blanking port 14 is formed in the rear side wall of the raw material box 5, and the blanking port 14 is located above the batching box 3; the inner wall of the batching box 3 is connected with a floating plate 15 in a sliding manner, the floating plate 15 is fixedly connected with a first toothed bar 16, the first toothed bar 16 is meshed with a first gear 17, and the first gear 17 is rotationally connected to the batching box 3;
first push rod 4 and batching box 3 and the equal sliding connection of box 1, the rear end fixed connection slide 18 of first push rod 4, it is connected with second gear 19 and third gear 20 to rotate on the slide 18, second gear 19 and third gear 20 disalignment, second gear 19 and third gear 20 all can mesh with first gear 17, the first winding roller 21 of fixedly connected with in the axis of rotation of second gear 19, fixedly connected with second winding roller 22 in the axis of rotation of third gear 20, first winding roller 21 and second winding roller 22 have twined first haulage rope 23 and second haulage rope 24 respectively, the upper end of first haulage rope 23 and second haulage rope 24 all with slide bar 12 fixed connection.
As a further scheme of the invention, the fertilizing assembly comprises a plurality of liquid dropping ports 25, a second rack 26, a first spraying port 27 and a second spraying port 28;
the liquid falling ports 25 are formed at the bottom of the batching box 3; a cover plate 29 for shielding the liquid falling port 25 is arranged below the liquid falling port, and the top surface of the cover plate 29 is attached to the bottom surface of the batching box 3; the front right side of the bottom of the cover plate 29 is provided with a cylinder 30 for driving the cover plate to turn over; the left sides of the front and rear side walls of the cover plate 29 are fixedly connected with first rotating shafts 31, the rear sides of the left and right side walls of the cover plate 29 are fixedly connected with second rotating shafts 32, the first rotating shafts 31 are rotatably connected with first rotating blocks 33, and the two first rotating blocks 33 are respectively connected with the front and rear side walls of the box body 1 in a sliding manner; a second gas spring 34 for resetting the first rotating block 33 is fixedly connected to the first rotating block 33; the outer sides of the second rotating shafts 32 are respectively provided with a second rotating block 35, the second rotating blocks 35 are respectively connected with the box body 1 in a sliding manner, and the second rotating blocks 35 can be sleeved with the second rotating shafts 32; a third gas spring 36 for resetting the second rotating block 35 is fixedly connected to the second rotating block; the first rotary block 33 at the rear side is fixedly connected with the second rotary block 35 at the left side through a third traction rope 37; the front first rotating block 33 is fixedly connected with the right second rotating block 35 through a fourth traction rope 38;
the second rack 26 is fixedly connected with the first push rod 4, the second rack 26 is engaged with a fourth gear 39, the fourth gear 39 is rotatably connected with the box body 1, a rotating shaft of the fourth gear 39 is fixedly connected with a first rotating wheel 40, a left side of the first rotating wheel 40 is provided with a second rotating wheel 41, the first rotating wheel 40 and the second rotating wheel 41 are jointly in transmission connection with a first belt 42, a rear side of the second rotating wheel 41 is provided with a third rotating wheel 43, the third rotating wheel 43 and the second rotating wheel 41 are jointly in transmission connection with a second belt 44, and the second rotating wheel 41 and the third rotating wheel 43 are both rotatably connected with the box body 1; a third winding roller 45 is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the third rotating wheel 43, a fifth traction rope 46 and a sixth traction rope 47 are wound on the third winding roller 45, the winding directions of the fifth traction rope 46 and the sixth traction rope 47 are opposite, the front end of the fifth traction rope 46 is fixedly connected with the first rotating block 33 on the front side, and the rear end of the sixth traction rope 47 is fixedly connected with the first rotating block 33 on the rear side;
the first spraying port 27 is formed in the right side wall of the box body 1;
the second spraying opening 28 is formed in the front side wall of the box body 1, and the height of the second spraying opening 28 is shorter than that of the first spraying opening 27.
In the practical use process, the device is placed on the furrows of crops, when a low-concentration fertilizer solution is needed, the required water amount is injected into the batching box 3, the floating plate 15 is synchronously driven to move upwards and move upwards with the first toothed bar 16 along with the continuous rising of the water level in the batching box 3, the first toothed bar 16 moves upwards to drive the first gear 17 to drive the second gear 19 to rotate, the second gear 19 drives the first winding roller 21 to rotate to wind the first traction rope 23, the first traction rope 23 pulls the slide rod 12 to move upwards, the slide rod 12 can drive the fixture block 10 to move upwards, the fixture block 10 is slowly separated from the clamping connection with the clamping groove 9, the fixture block 10 can slowly cancel the limit of the partition plate 6, then the partition plate 6 moves backwards under the elastic force of the first spring 8, and then the fertilizer in the discharge chute 7 above the partition plate 6 falls into the batching box 3 through the blanking port 14 to be mixed with the water in the batching box 3; when the water level rises for a certain distance, a certain amount of fertilizer is mixed with the water blended into the batching box 3 from the discharging groove 7, after the fertilizer is dissolved in the water after the water is added, the air cylinder 30 is started to move downwards, the cover plate 29 is opened under the self gravity, the cover plate 29 rotates towards the lower right around the first rotating shaft until the right end of the cover plate 29 is contacted with the first spraying opening 27, at the moment, the fertilizer water solution flows out from the liquid dropping opening 25, the solution flows into the first spraying opening 27 through the inclined cover plate 29, and the fertilizer water solution is sprayed outwards onto the surfaces of crop leaves through the first spraying opening 27; when a high-concentration fertilizer solution is needed, the first push rod 4 is pushed backwards, the first push rod 4 drives the second rack bar 26 to move backwards, the second rack bar 26 drives the fourth gear 39 to rotate, the fourth gear 39 drives the first rotating wheel 40 to synchronously rotate, the first rotating wheel 40 drives the second rotating wheel 41 to rotate through the first belt 42, the second rotating wheel 41 drives the third rotating wheel 43 to rotate through the second belt 44, the third rotating wheel 43 drives the third furling roller 45 to synchronously rotate, the third furling roller 45 winds the fifth traction rope 46 and the sixth traction rope 47, the fifth traction rope 46 and the sixth traction rope 47 respectively drive the first rotating block 33 on the front side and the rear side to be pulled outwards to be separated from the first rotating shaft 31 while winding, the first rotating block 33 on the rear side can pull the second rotating block 35 on the left side to move rightwards through the third traction rope 37 while moving towards the rear side, and the second rotating block 35 on the left side is sleeved with the second rotating shaft 32 on the left side; the first rotating block 33 on the front side drives the second rotating block 35 on the right side to move leftwards through the fourth traction rope 38, so that the second rotating block 35 on the right side is clamped on the second rotating shaft 32 on the right side, and at this time, the rotating center of the cover plate 29 is changed into the second rotating shaft 32; the first push rod 4 synchronously drives the sliding plate 18, the second gear 19, the third gear 20, the first winding roller 21 and the second winding roller 22 to move backwards, and at the moment, the second gear 19 is disengaged from the first gear 17; the third gear 20 is meshed with the first gear 17, water with a corresponding amount is injected into the batching box 3, the water drives the floating plate 15 to drive the first toothed bar 16 to move upwards along with the continuous rising of the water level in the batching box 3, the first toothed bar 16 drives the first gear 17 to rotate, the first gear 17 drives the third gear 20 and the second furling roller 22 to continue rotating, the second furling roller 22 furls the second traction rope 24 in a rotating mode, the second traction rope 24 drives the sliding rod 12 to move upwards, the sliding rod 12 drives the clamping block 10 to move upwards to cancel the limiting of the split plate 6, then the split plate 6 can move forwards under the elastic force of the first spring 8, and then fertilizer in the discharge chute 7 above the split plate 6 can fall into the batching box 3 through the discharge port 14 to be mixed with the water in the batching box 3; starting the cylinder to move downwards, opening the cover plate 29 under the self-gravity, rotating the cover plate 29 around the second rotating shaft 32 to the front side until the front side of the cover plate 29 is contacted with the second spraying opening 28, and at the moment, the fertilizer aqueous solution flows out from the liquid dropping opening 25, so that the solution flows into the second spraying opening 28 through the inclined cover plate 29, and the fertilizer aqueous solution sprays the fertilizer aqueous solution outwards onto the roots and stems of crops through the second spraying opening 28; according to the invention, through the arrangement of the batching components, when the batching box 3 is used for preparing the fertilizer aqueous solution, the batching box 3 can automatically adjust the addition amount of the fertilizer according to the water injection amount, and when the fertilizer with different concentrations needs to be prepared, only the first push rod 4 needs to be pushed to move backwards, and the same fertilizer amount can be added to different water injection amounts by controlling the tooth numbers of the second gear 19 and the third gear 20, so that the concentration of the fertilizer in the fertilizer aqueous solution can be changed; meanwhile, the rotation direction of the cover plate 29 can be changed through the arrangement of the fertilizing assembly, so that the liquid outlet direction of the fertilizer aqueous solution is changed, when the foliage is required to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out from the first spraying opening 27, the fertilizer aqueous solution falls from the right above crops and contacts with the foliage of the crops, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be better contacted with the foliage of the crops; when the roots and stems need to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out of the second spraying port 28, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed onto the roots and stems of the crops from the side, so that the fertilizer can be applied to the fertilization of the crops in different periods.
As a further scheme of the invention, a first friction wheel 48 is rotatably connected to the left side of the cover plate 29; a first arc-shaped friction block 49 attached to the first friction wheel 48 is arranged on the side edge of the first friction wheel; the first arc-shaped friction block 49 is connected with the box body 1 in a sliding mode, a seventh traction rope 50 is fixedly connected to the first arc-shaped friction block 49, and the rear end of the seventh traction rope 50 is fixedly connected with the fifth traction rope 46; a fourth air spring 51 for resetting the first arc-shaped friction block 49 is fixedly connected to the first arc-shaped friction block 49; a second friction wheel 52 is rotatably connected to the rear side of the cover plate 29, and a second arc-shaped friction block 53 which can be attached to the second friction wheel 52 is arranged on the side edge of the second friction wheel 52; the second arc-shaped friction block 53 is connected with the box body 1 in a sliding manner; a fifth gas spring 54 for resetting the second arc-shaped friction block 53 is fixedly connected to the second arc-shaped friction block 53, a second push rod 55 for driving the second arc-shaped friction block 53 to move forwards and to be attached to the second friction wheel 52 is arranged on the rear side of the second arc-shaped friction block 53, the second push rod 55 is connected to the box body 1 in a sliding manner, a third push rod 56 for driving the second arc-shaped friction block 55 to move rightwards is arranged on the left side of the second push rod 55, and the third push rod 56 is fixedly connected to the first rotary block 33 on the rear side; the top of the cover plate 29 is fixedly connected with an L-shaped baffle 57, the L-shaped baffle 57 is used for shielding the rear side and the left side of the top surface of the cover plate 29, the left side of the top of the cover plate 29 is connected with a first baffle 58 in a sliding manner in the vertical direction, the first baffle 58 is fixedly connected with a second spring 59 for resetting the first baffle 58, the bottom of the first baffle 58 is fixedly connected with an eighth traction rope 60, and the left end of the eighth traction rope 60 is wound on the rotating shaft of the first friction wheel 48; the front side of the top of the cover plate 29 is connected with a second baffle plate 61 in a sliding manner in the vertical direction, the second baffle plate 61 is fixedly connected with a third spring 62 for resetting the second baffle plate, the bottom of the second baffle plate 61 is fixedly connected with a ninth traction rope 63, and the rear end of the ninth traction rope 63 is wound on the rotating shaft of the second friction wheel 52.
When the scheme is put into practical use, when the fertilizer is applied to the leaf surfaces of crops, when the cover plate 29 is turned over towards the right lower side, the cover plate 29 can drive the first friction wheel 48 to turn over together, the first friction wheel 48 can rotate under the action of the first arc-shaped friction block 49, the first friction wheel 48 can drive the first baffle plate 58 to move downwards and compress the second spring 59 through the eighth traction rope 60 while rotating, then the fertilizer aqueous solution falling from the batching box 3 can flow down from the right side of the cover plate, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be blocked by the L-shaped baffle plate 57 and the second baffle plate 61 after flowing onto the cover plate from the liquid falling port 25, so that the fertilizer aqueous solution can only flow out from the right side of the cover plate 29, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be completely sprayed out from the first spraying port 27, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can not be wasted; when the spraying direction needs to be changed to fertilize the roots and stems of crops, the fifth traction rope 46 is wound and simultaneously drives the first arc-shaped friction block 49 to move leftwards through the seventh traction rope 50, so that the first arc-shaped friction block 49 is separated from the contact with the first friction wheel 48, the first arc-shaped friction block 49 cannot block the subsequent rotation of the first friction wheel 48, the first rotation block 33 at the rear side can drive the second push rod 55 to move rightwards through the third push rod 56 while moving backwards, the second push rod 55 can push the second arc-shaped friction block 53 to move forwards to the position where the second friction wheel 52 is in contact, then, when the cover plate 29 is turned over forwards and downwards, the second arc-shaped friction block 53 drives the second friction wheel 52 to rotate, the second friction wheel 52 drives the second baffle 61 to move downwards through the ninth traction rope 63, and the fertilizer water solution on the cover plate 29 cannot be blocked by the second baffle 61 to flow out from the front of the cover plate 29; according to the invention, through the arrangement of the L-shaped baffle, the first baffle and the second baffle, when the cover plate is turned over towards the lower right, the L-shaped baffle and the second baffle block the front, the rear and the left surfaces of the cover plate, so that fertilizer aqueous solution can be ensured to completely flow out from the right side of the cover plate; when the cover plate is turned over towards the front lower part, the L-shaped baffle and the first baffle block the left surface, the right surface and the rear surface of the cover plate, so that fertilizer aqueous solution can be ensured to completely flow out from the front side of the cover plate; the fertilizer water solution can be completely sprayed out from the first spraying port 27, and the fertilizer water solution can be prevented from being wasted.
As a further scheme of the present invention, a flow guiding table 64 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the raw material box 5, and the flow guiding table 64 is located at the side of the blanking port 14; through the setting of water conservancy diversion platform, can make better the falling into of fertilizer in the batching case and fuse with water.
As a further scheme of the present invention, a material guiding inclined plane 65 is disposed at the top of the partition plate 6; through the arrangement of the material guide inclined plane, the fertilizer can better fall into the batching box to be fused with water.
As a further scheme of the present invention, a limiting block 66 capable of limiting the first push rod 4 is slidably connected to the front wall of the box 1; after the first push rod 4 moves backwards, the limit block 66 can limit the first push rod 4, so that the device provided by the invention can be more stable in operation.
As a further scheme of the present invention, the first spraying opening 27 and the second spraying opening 28 are both fixedly connected with a spray head 67; through the arrangement of the spray head, the fertilizer aqueous solution is suitable for remote fertilization.
The working principle is as follows: the device is placed on a furrow of crops, when a low-concentration fertilizer solution is needed, a needed water amount is injected into a batching box 3, a floating plate 15 is driven to move upwards synchronously with a first toothed bar 16 along with the continuous rising of the water level in the batching box 3, the first toothed bar 16 moves upwards to drive a first gear 17 to drive a second gear 19 to rotate, the second gear 19 drives a first winding roller 21 to rotate and wind a first traction rope 23, the first traction rope 23 pulls a sliding rod 12 to move upwards, the sliding rod 12 can drive a clamping block 10 to move upwards, the clamping block 10 is slowly separated from the clamping with a clamping groove 9, the clamping block 10 can slowly cancel the limit of a partition plate 6, then the partition plate 6 can move backwards under the elastic action of a first spring 8, and then the fertilizer in a discharge chute 7 above the partition plate 6 can fall into the batching box 3 through a blanking port 14 to be mixed with the water of the batching box 3; when the water level rises for a certain distance, a certain amount of fertilizer is mixed with the water blended into the batching box 3 from the discharging groove 7, after the fertilizer is dissolved in the water after the water is added, the air cylinder 30 is started to move downwards, the cover plate 29 is opened under the self gravity, the cover plate 29 rotates towards the lower right around the first rotating shaft until the right end of the cover plate 29 is contacted with the first spraying opening 27, at the moment, the fertilizer water solution flows out from the liquid dropping opening 25, the solution flows into the first spraying opening 27 through the inclined cover plate 29, and the fertilizer water solution is sprayed outwards onto the surfaces of crop leaves through the first spraying opening 27; when a high-concentration fertilizer solution is needed, the first push rod 4 is pushed backwards, the first push rod 4 drives the second rack bar 26 to move backwards, the second rack bar 26 drives the fourth gear 39 to rotate, the fourth gear 39 drives the first rotating wheel 40 to synchronously rotate, the first rotating wheel 40 drives the second rotating wheel 41 to rotate through the first belt 42, the second rotating wheel 41 drives the third rotating wheel 43 to rotate through the second belt 44, the third rotating wheel 43 drives the third furling roller 45 to synchronously rotate, the third furling roller 45 winds the fifth traction rope 46 and the sixth traction rope 47, the fifth traction rope 46 and the sixth traction rope 47 respectively drive the first rotating block 33 on the front side and the rear side to be pulled outwards to be separated from the first rotating shaft 31 while winding, the first rotating block 33 on the rear side can pull the second rotating block 35 on the left side to move rightwards through the third traction rope 37 while moving towards the rear side, and the second rotating block 35 on the left side is sleeved with the second rotating shaft 32 on the left side; the first rotating block 33 on the front side drives the second rotating block 35 on the right side to move leftwards through the fourth traction rope 38, so that the second rotating block 35 on the right side is clamped on the second rotating shaft 32 on the right side, and at this time, the rotating center of the cover plate 29 is changed into the second rotating shaft 32; the first push rod 4 synchronously drives the sliding plate 18, the second gear 19, the third gear 20, the first winding roller 21 and the second winding roller 22 to move backwards, and at the moment, the second gear 19 is disengaged from the first gear 17; the third gear 20 is meshed with the first gear 17, water with a corresponding amount is injected into the batching box 3, the water drives the floating plate 15 to drive the first toothed bar 16 to move upwards along with the continuous rising of the water level in the batching box 3, the first toothed bar 16 drives the first gear 17 to rotate, the first gear 17 drives the third gear 20 and the second furling roller 22 to continue rotating, the second furling roller 22 furls the second traction rope 24 in a rotating mode, the second traction rope 24 drives the sliding rod 12 to move upwards, the sliding rod 12 drives the clamping block 10 to move upwards to cancel the limiting of the split plate 6, then the split plate 6 can move forwards under the elastic force of the first spring 8, and then fertilizer in the discharge chute 7 above the split plate 6 can fall into the batching box 3 through the discharge port 14 to be mixed with the water in the batching box 3; starting the cylinder to move downwards, opening the cover plate 29 under the self-gravity, rotating the cover plate 29 around the second rotating shaft 32 to the front side until the front side of the cover plate 29 is contacted with the second spraying opening 28, and at the moment, the fertilizer aqueous solution flows out from the liquid dropping opening 25, so that the solution flows into the second spraying opening 28 through the inclined cover plate 29, and the fertilizer aqueous solution sprays the fertilizer aqueous solution outwards onto the roots and stems of crops through the second spraying opening 28; according to the invention, through the arrangement of the batching components, when the batching box 3 is used for preparing the fertilizer aqueous solution, the batching box 3 can automatically adjust the addition amount of the fertilizer according to the water injection amount, and when the fertilizer with different concentrations needs to be prepared, only the first push rod 4 needs to be pushed to move backwards, and the same fertilizer amount can be added to different water injection amounts by controlling the tooth numbers of the second gear 19 and the third gear 20, so that the concentration of the fertilizer in the fertilizer aqueous solution can be changed; meanwhile, through the arrangement of the fertilizing assembly, the rotation direction of the cover plate 29 can be changed, so that the liquid outlet direction of the fertilizer aqueous solution is changed, when the foliage is required to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out from the first spraying opening 27, the fertilizer aqueous solution falls from the right above crops and contacts with the foliage of the crops, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be better contacted with the foliage of the crops; when the roots and stems need to be fertilized, the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed out of the second spraying port 28, and the fertilizer aqueous solution can be sprayed onto the roots and stems of the crops from the side, so that the fertilizer can be applied to the fertilization of the crops in different periods.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of watering, includes box (1) that relies on gyro wheel (2) horizontal migration, its characterized in that: the inside batching subassembly and the fertilization subassembly of being provided with of box (1), the batching subassembly is used for the fertilizer to different crops configuration different concentrations, the fertilization subassembly is fertilized through the equidirectional not applying fertilizer to crops behind the fertilizer of batching subassembly configuration different concentrations.
2. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the batching component comprises a batching box (3) and a first push rod (4);
the mixing box (3) is fixedly connected to the box body (1), the top of the mixing box (3) is fixedly connected with a raw material box (5), and the raw material box (5) is divided into a plurality of discharge chutes (7) through a plurality of vertically distributed partition plates (6); the separation plate (6) is connected with the raw material box (5) in a sliding manner; the partition plates (6) are fixedly connected with first springs (8) for resetting the partition plates, clamping grooves (9) are formed in the partition plates (6), clamping blocks (10) are clamped in the clamping grooves (9), and the clamping blocks (10) are connected with the raw material box (5) in a sliding mode in the front-back direction; the fixture blocks (10) are fixedly connected with first air springs (11) for resetting; the rear end of the clamping block (10) extends to the rear side of the raw material box (5), a sliding rod (12) is connected to the raw material box (5) in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, the sliding rod (12) is used for driving the clamping block (10) to move upwards, ejector blocks (13) fixedly connected to the raw material box (5) are arranged above the clamping block (10), and the ejector blocks (13) are used for driving the clamping block (10) to move forwards to enable the clamping block (10) to be staggered with the sliding rod (12); a blanking port (14) is formed in the rear side wall of the raw material box (5), and the blanking port (14) is located above the batching box (3); the inner wall of the batching box (3) is connected with a floating plate (15) in a sliding mode, the floating plate (15) is fixedly connected with a first toothed bar (16), the first toothed bar (16) is meshed with a first gear (17), and the first gear (17) is rotatably connected to the batching box (3);
the first push rod (4) is connected with the batching box (3) and the box body (1) in a sliding way, the rear end of the first push rod (4) is fixedly connected with a sliding plate (18), the sliding plate (18) is rotatably connected with a second gear (19) and a third gear (20), the second gear (19) is not coaxial with the third gear (20), both the second gear (19) and the third gear (20) can mesh with the first gear (17), a first winding roller (21) is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the second gear (19), a second furling roller (22) is fixedly connected on a rotating shaft of the third gear (20), the first furling roller (21) and the second furling roller (22) are respectively wound with a first traction rope (23) and a second traction rope (24), the upper ends of the first traction rope (23) and the second traction rope (24) are fixedly connected with the sliding rod (12).
3. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the fertilizing assembly comprises a plurality of liquid dropping ports (25), a second rack bar (26), a first spraying port (27) and a second spraying port (28);
the liquid falling ports (25) are arranged at the bottom of the batching box (3); a cover plate (29) used for shielding the liquid falling port (25) is arranged below the liquid falling port, and the top surface of the cover plate (29) is attached to the bottom surface of the batching box (3); the front right side of the bottom of the cover plate (29) is provided with a cylinder (30) for driving the cover plate to turn over; the left sides of the front side wall and the rear side wall of the cover plate (29) are fixedly connected with first rotating shafts (31), the rear sides of the left side wall and the right side wall of the cover plate (29) are fixedly connected with second rotating shafts (32), the first rotating shafts (31) are rotatably connected with first rotating blocks (33), and the two first rotating blocks (33) are respectively connected with the front side wall and the rear side wall of the box body (1) in a sliding manner; a second gas spring (34) for resetting the first rotating block (33) is fixedly connected to the first rotating block; second rotating blocks (35) are arranged on the outer sides of the second rotating shafts (32), the second rotating blocks (35) are connected with the box body (1) in a sliding mode, and the second rotating blocks (35) can be sleeved with the second rotating shafts (32); a third gas spring (36) for resetting the second rotating block (35) is fixedly connected to the second rotating block; the first rotating block (33) at the rear side is fixedly connected with the second rotating block (35) at the left side through a third traction rope (37); the first rotating block (33) on the front side is fixedly connected with the second rotating block (35) on the right side through a fourth traction rope (38);
the second rack bar (26) is fixedly connected with the first push rod (4), the second rack bar (26) is meshed with a fourth gear (39), the fourth gear (39) is rotatably connected with the box body (1), a first rotating wheel (40) is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the fourth gear (39), a second rotating wheel (41) is arranged on the left side of the first rotating wheel (40), the first rotating wheel (40) and the second rotating wheel (41) are jointly connected with a first belt (42) in a transmission manner, a third rotating wheel (43) is arranged on the rear side of the second rotating wheel (41), the third rotating wheel (43) and the second rotating wheel (41) are jointly connected with a second belt (44) in a transmission manner, and the second rotating wheel (41) and the third rotating wheel (43) are both rotatably connected with the box body (1); a third winding roller (45) is fixedly connected to a rotating shaft of the third rotating wheel (43), a fifth traction rope (46) and a sixth traction rope (47) are wound on the third winding roller (45), the winding directions of the fifth traction rope (46) and the sixth traction rope (47) are opposite, the front end of the fifth traction rope (46) is fixedly connected with the first rotating block (33) on the front side, and the rear end of the sixth traction rope (47) is fixedly connected with the first rotating block (33) on the rear side;
the first spraying port (27) is formed in the right side wall of the box body (1);
the second spraying opening (28) is formed in the front side wall of the box body (1), and the height of the second spraying opening (28) is shorter than that of the first spraying opening (27).
4. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: a first friction wheel (48) is rotatably connected to the left side of the cover plate (29); a first arc-shaped friction block (49) attached to the first friction wheel (48) is arranged on the side edge of the first friction wheel; the first arc-shaped friction block (49) is connected with the box body (1) in a sliding mode, a seventh traction rope (50) is fixedly connected to the first arc-shaped friction block (49), and the rear end of the seventh traction rope (50) is fixedly connected with a fifth traction rope (46); a fourth air spring (51) for resetting the first arc-shaped friction block (49) is fixedly connected to the first arc-shaped friction block; a second friction wheel (52) is rotatably connected to the rear side of the cover plate (29), and a second arc-shaped friction block (53) which can be attached to the second friction wheel (52) is arranged on the side edge of the second friction wheel; the second arc-shaped friction block (53) is connected with the box body (1) in a sliding manner; a fifth gas spring (54) for resetting the second arc-shaped friction block (53) is fixedly connected to the second arc-shaped friction block (53), a second push rod (55) for driving the second arc-shaped friction block (53) to move forwards and to be attached to a second friction wheel (52) is arranged on the rear side of the second arc-shaped friction block (53), the second push rod (55) is connected to the box body (1) in a sliding mode, a third push rod (56) for driving the second arc-shaped friction block (53) to move rightwards is arranged on the left side of the second push rod (55), and the third push rod (56) is fixedly connected with a first rotating block (33) on the rear side; the top of the cover plate (29) is fixedly connected with an L-shaped baffle (57), the L-shaped baffle (57) is used for shielding the rear side and the left side of the top surface of the cover plate (29), the right side of the top of the cover plate (29) is connected with a first baffle (58) in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, a second spring (59) for resetting the first baffle (58) is fixedly connected onto the first baffle (58), the bottom of the first baffle (58) is fixedly connected with an eighth traction rope (60), and the left end of the eighth traction rope (60) is wound on the rotating shaft of the first friction wheel (48); the top front side of apron (29) sliding connection has second baffle (61) on vertical direction, fixedly connected with is used for its third spring (62) that resets on second baffle (61), the bottom fixedly connected with ninth haulage rope (63) of second baffle (61), the rear end winding of ninth haulage rope (63) is in the axis of rotation of second friction pulley (52).
5. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the bottom fixedly connected with water conservancy diversion platform (64) of raw materials case (5), water conservancy diversion platform (64) are located blanking mouth (14) side.
6. A water-saving agricultural watering apparatus according to claim 2 wherein: the top of the partition plate (6) is provided with a material guide inclined plane (65).
7. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the front wall of the box body (1) is connected with a limiting block (66) capable of limiting the first push rod (4) in a sliding mode.
8. A water-saving agricultural irrigation water application apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and the first spraying port (27) and the second spraying port (28) are fixedly connected with spray heads (67).
CN202111610419.5A 2021-12-27 2021-12-27 Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water Active CN114514874B (en)

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Denomination of invention: A water-saving irrigation equipment for agriculture

Effective date of registration: 20230804

Granted publication date: 20221122

Pledgee: Postal Savings Bank of China Limited Yishui County sub branch

Pledgor: SHANDONG YUAN QUAN MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2023980050911