JPH09252672A - Plant cultivation method using cultivation device - Google Patents

Plant cultivation method using cultivation device

Info

Publication number
JPH09252672A
JPH09252672A JP8089049A JP8904996A JPH09252672A JP H09252672 A JPH09252672 A JP H09252672A JP 8089049 A JP8089049 A JP 8089049A JP 8904996 A JP8904996 A JP 8904996A JP H09252672 A JPH09252672 A JP H09252672A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
water
cultivation
timer
irrigation
plant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP8089049A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Toru Hino
徹 日野
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to JP8089049A priority Critical patent/JPH09252672A/en
Publication of JPH09252672A publication Critical patent/JPH09252672A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Landscapes

  • Fertilizing (AREA)
  • Hydroponics (AREA)

Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To efficiently cultivate plants, to reduce movable parts, to shorten movable time, to save energy, to improve environmental contamination resistance, to easily assemble the rotation of many items and to improve the productivity of legumes or the like by using a cultivation device provided with a specified structure. SOLUTION: The plants are cultivated by using the cultivation device for opening and closing a solenoid valve 1 by a timer 3, a moisture sensor 5 and a moisture controller 4 and irrigating pressurized water 7 by a drip-irrigating pipe 8. Also, it is preferable to attach a liquid manure mixer 2 operated by the pressurized water 7, attain the structure capable of separating a ground surface and a plant supporting material, put the plant supporting material into a cultivation bed 6 provided with a water discharge port and provide an irrigating device having the liquid manure mixer 2.

Description

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、植物栽培における灌水
および施肥を自動で行う植物栽培装置に関するものであ
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a plant cultivating apparatus for automatically irrigating and fertilizing plants.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来より植物栽培装置は数々有るが、栽
培に多大なエネルギーを必要としたり、ふいの事故、災
害に弱く、根の部分に病気が発生すると装置全体に広が
る恐れがある等の問題や、従来の植物支持材では根粒菌
の繁殖が出来ず豆科植物の栽培が出来なかった。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there are many plant cultivating devices, but they require a lot of energy for cultivation, are vulnerable to accidents such as wiping, and are vulnerable to accidents and may spread to the entire device when a disease occurs in the root. Problems and conventional plant support materials did not allow the nodule bacteria to reproduce and legumes could not be cultivated.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】この発明は、上記の問
題を解決し、植物支持材の使用後の処理が簡単であり環
境汚染を引き起こさない植物栽培装置を提供することを
目的としている。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is an object of the present invention to solve the above-mentioned problems and to provide a plant cultivation device which is easy to treat after use of a plant support material and does not cause environmental pollution.

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明の請求項1は、加
圧水(7)この発明で加圧水とは、ポンプで又は水道水
のように水に圧力をかけた状態の水を言う。をタイマー
(3)と水分センサー(5)及び水分コントローラー
(4)で電磁弁(1)を開閉し、点滴パイプ(8)から
成る灌水装置である。本発明の請求項2は、加圧水
(7)の圧力で作動する液肥混入機(2)である。本発
明の請求項3は、地面より空間(12)を設けた栽培ベ
ッド(6)に排水口(9)を設け、植物支持材(10)
を入れ請求項1〜2記載の液肥混入機(2)付き灌水装
置を設ける。本発明は、以上の構成からなる植物栽培装
置で有る。
According to claim 1 of the present invention, pressurized water (7) In the present invention, the pressurized water means water in a state in which water is pressurized by a pump or tap water. Is an irrigation device comprising a drip pipe (8) in which a solenoid valve (1) is opened and closed by a timer (3), a moisture sensor (5) and a moisture controller (4). The second aspect of the present invention is a liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) that operates at the pressure of the pressurized water (7). Claim 3 of the present invention provides a drainage port (9) in a cultivation bed (6) provided with a space (12) from the ground, and a plant support material (10).
An irrigation device with a liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) according to claims 1 and 2 is provided. The present invention is a plant cultivation device having the above configuration.

【0005】[0005]

【作用】この発明の栽培装置は図4のメインタイマー
(3ーヘ)で1日の灌水時間を管理し、タイマー(3ー
ト)で灌水から灌水までの時間セット、タイマー(3ー
チ)で1回の灌水の長さのセットを行う、又水分センサ
ー(5)で植物支持材(10)の水分を感知し水分コン
トローラー(4)で水分を一定に保つように電磁弁
(1)の開閉を行い水を断続的に点滴パイプ(8)に水
を流して植物に灌水する。又電磁弁(1)の開閉による
水の圧力変化で、図2の液肥混入機(2)内のスポイト
(2ーイ)の伸びちじみを行い、弁(2ーロ)とシリコ
ンボール(2ーハ)で液肥を加圧水に混入させ図3、点
滴パイプ(8)より灌水と同時に肥料を与える。なお、
植物栽培ベッド(6)は栽培ベッドを地面より浮かし、
下に空間(12)を設ける。又排水口(9)を設け水害
の予防策とし、点滴灌水パイプのつまり予防に清掃用排
出コック(11)から成る。
The cultivating apparatus of the present invention controls the irrigation time of one day by the main timer (3-he) shown in FIG. 4, and sets the time from irrigation to irrigation by the timer (3-gate), timer (3-inch). To set the length of irrigation once, and to detect the water content of the plant support material (10) with the water sensor (5) and to keep the water constant with the water controller (4) of the solenoid valve (1). The plant is irrigated by opening and closing and intermittently flowing water through the drip pipe (8). In addition, the change in water pressure caused by opening and closing the solenoid valve (1) causes the dropper (2-i) in the liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) shown in Fig. 2 to stretch, and the valve (2-ro) and silicon ball (2). Mix the liquid fertilizer with the pressurized water in Step 3) and apply fertilizer at the same time as irrigation through the drip pipe (8) in FIG. In addition,
The plant cultivation bed (6) floats the cultivation bed above the ground,
A space (12) is provided below. Further, a drainage port (9) is provided as a preventive measure against water damage, and a drainage cock (11) for cleaning is used to prevent clogging of the drip irrigation pipe.

【0006】[0006]

【実施例】以下に本発明の実施例を説明する。図3に示
すように、地面より空間(12)を設けたハッポースチ
ロールの栽培ベッド(6)に植物支持材(10)を入
れ、ベッドの上部に点滴パイプ(8)を乗せる。図4に
示すように、植物支持材(10)に水分センサー(5)
を差し、端子間の水分の量を電気伝動量で感知する水分
コントローラー(4)で水分量を調節する。又一日に灌
水時間を決めるメインタイマー(3ーヘ)、灌水と灌水
の間隔をセットする繰り返しタイマー(3ート)、灌水
1回の長さを決めるタイマー(3ーチ)で電磁弁(1)
の開閉を行い点滴灌水パイプ(8)で灌水を行う。同時
に電磁弁(1)の開閉で起こる水圧の変化を利用し図2
に示すように、スポイト(2ーイ)を作動させ弁(2ー
ロ)とシリコンボール(2ーハ)により液肥(2ーニ)
を混入機内の水(2ーハ)に送り込む。本発明は以上の
ような構造でこれを使用する時は、図3に示すように地
面からの湿気及び水害の予防策として地面より空間(1
2)及び排水口(9)を設けたハポースチロールの栽培
ベッド(6)に植物支持材、砂+くん炭(10)を入れ
植物を栽培するベッドの上部に点滴パイプ(8)を乗せ
る。図4に示すようにメインタイマー(3ーヘ)で24
時間中の灌水時間を決め、植物に合わせる、たとえば、
日の出から灌水を始め日没までセットし夜間の水分を控
え植物が徒長するのを押さえたりするような使い方が出
来る。繰り返しタイマー(3ート)は、灌水と灌水の間
隔を調整するタイマーでたとえば1分間に1回の間隔で
繰り返しスイッチを入れる。(3ーチ)は、灌水1回の
長さを決めるタイマーでこの長さは2秒位で良いが、こ
のタイマーから流された電流が水分コントローラー
(4)を作動させ、植物支持材(10)に差した水分セ
ンサー(5)の端子間の水分量を水分コントローラー
(4)が電気伝導量で感知し、セット値より下がれば電
磁弁(1)に電流を流し圧力水(7)を点滴パイプ
(8)に流す。したがって、一つのセット例を上げれ
ば、日の出から日没までベッドの水分が下がってくると
1分間に1回の間隔で2秒間の長さで点滴パイプから植
物栽培ベッドへ灌水される。なお、この時の電磁弁の開
閉で起こる水圧の変化を利用して図2に示すように、ス
ポイト(2ーイ)を作動させ、弁(2ーロ)の3個の弁
の働きで、(2ーホ)の圧力が高くなるとスポイト(2
ーイ)内の液肥が押されてシリコンボール(2ーハ)に
押し出される。(2ーホ)の圧力が下がると膨らんだシ
リコンボールが縮み、シリコンボール内(2ーハ)の液
肥を(2ーホ)に押し出すことで水に液肥が混入され
る。又ちぢんでいたスポイト(2ーイ)が伸び、液肥
(2ーニ)がスポイト内に吸い込まれる。液肥の量は、
スポイト(2ーイ)の大きさと、繰り返しタイマー(3
ート)のセット時間で調節する。よって、植物の成長が
盛んな場合、水分消費量が多くなる。新陳代謝が増すと
肥料消費量が増えるわけで、冬場の成長がにぶった場合
でも、肥料過剰に成らない特長がある。なお、有機液肥
を使用することにより有機栽培が簡単に出来る。排水コ
ック(11)は、点滴パイプ内のごみの清掃に使用す
る。この他にこの栽培装置の変化例として、植物支持材
の幅広い使用が可能であるが、使用後の廃棄する場合の
事を考えると自然に帰したときに環境を汚染しない物を
使いたい。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below. As shown in FIG. 3, the plant support material (10) is placed in a happo styrol cultivation bed (6) provided with a space (12) from the ground, and a drip pipe (8) is placed on the top of the bed. As shown in FIG. 4, a moisture sensor (5) is attached to the plant support material (10).
Then, adjust the water content with the water content controller (4) that senses the water content between the terminals by the amount of electric transmission. In addition, a main timer (3-h) that determines the irrigation time per day, a repeat timer (3 pt) that sets the interval between irrigation and irrigation, and a timer (3-ch) that determines the length of each irrigation solenoid valve ( 1)
Is opened and closed, and irrigation is performed using the drip irrigation pipe (8). At the same time, the change in water pressure that occurs when the solenoid valve (1) is opened and closed is used to
As shown in, liquid drop fertilizer (2-ni) is activated by operating the dropper (2-i) by the valve (2-ro) and silicon ball (2-ha).
Is sent to the water (2-ha) in the mixing machine. When the present invention is used in the above structure, as shown in FIG. 3, the space (1) from the ground is used as a preventive measure against moisture and water damage from the ground.
2) The plant support material, sand + coal charcoal (10) is placed in the Hapos styrol cultivation bed (6) provided with the drainage port (9), and the drip pipe (8) is placed on the upper part of the bed for cultivating the plant. As shown in FIG. 4, the main timer (3-F) is 24
Decide the irrigation time during the time and adjust to the plant, for example,
It can be used from sunrise to irrigation and set to sunset to keep water out at night and prevent plants from growing. The repeat timer (3 pt) is a timer for adjusting the interval between irrigation and irrigation, and the switch is repeatedly turned on, for example, once every minute. (3-ch) is a timer that determines the length of one irrigation, and this length may be about 2 seconds, but the current sent from this timer actuates the water controller (4) and the plant support material (10 ), The water content between the terminals of the water sensor (5) is detected by the water content controller (4) by the amount of electric conduction, and if it falls below the set value, an electric current is passed through the solenoid valve (1) to drip pressure water (7). Pour into pipe (8). Therefore, if one set example is given, when the water content of the bed decreases from sunrise to sunset, the water is irrigated from the drip pipe to the plant cultivation bed at an interval of once per minute for 2 seconds. In addition, as shown in FIG. 2 by utilizing the change in the water pressure caused by the opening and closing of the solenoid valve at this time, the dropper (2-y) is activated and the three valves of the valve (2-lo) work, When the pressure of (2-ho) increases, dropper (2
-The liquid fertilizer in (a) is pushed and pushed out to the silicon ball (2-ha). When the pressure of (2-ho) decreases, the expanded silicon ball contracts, and the liquid fertilizer in the silicon ball (2-ha) is pushed out to (2-ho), so that the liquid fertilizer is mixed into the water. The dropper (2-ni) that had been held again stretches, and liquid fertilizer (2-ni) is sucked into the dropper. The amount of liquid fertilizer is
The size of the dropper (2-ii) and the repeat timer (3
Adjust according to the set time. Therefore, when plants grow actively, water consumption increases. As metabolism increases, fertilizer consumption also increases, so even if winter growth slows, fertilizer does not become excessive. In addition, organic cultivation can be easily performed by using organic liquid fertilizer. The drain cock (11) is used for cleaning dust inside the drip pipe. In addition to this, as a variation of this cultivation apparatus, a wide range of plant support materials can be used, but considering the case of discarding after use, I want to use a material that does not pollute the environment when returning to nature.

【0007】[0007]

【発明の効果】本発明は、可動部分が少なく可動時間も
短いため小エネルギーで栽培でき、植物支持材の廃棄の
場合も環境を汚さない、ベッドが小さなブロックに別れ
いるため地下部の病気が発生しても1ブロックで押さえ
られる特長がある。栽培施設の多目的利用を考える時、
ベッドが簡単に移動できるためベッドのまま設備外での
栽培が可能で多種品目のローテーションが簡単に組める
特長がある。植物支持材が土耕に近いため根粒菌が使え
ることで豆科植物の栽培が出来る。
INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY According to the present invention, since there are few moving parts and the moving time is short, it can be cultivated with a small amount of energy, the environment is not polluted even when the plant support material is discarded, and the bed is divided into small blocks to prevent diseases in the underground part. Even if it occurs, it has the feature that it can be suppressed in one block. When considering the multipurpose use of cultivation facilities,
Since the bed can be easily moved, it can be cultivated outside the equipment as it is, and the rotation of various items can be easily assembled. Since the plant support material is close to soil tillage, legumes can be cultivated by using rhizobia.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明の全体を示す図FIG. 1 is a diagram showing the whole of the present invention.

【図2】液肥混入機の説明図[Fig.2] Illustration of a liquid fertilizer mixing machine

【図3】栽培ベッド、植物支持材、点滴パイプ配置図[Fig.3] Layout plan of cultivation bed, plant support material and drip pipe

【図4】タイマー、水分センサー、水分コントロール配
置図
[Figure 4] Timer, moisture sensor, moisture control layout

【符号の説明】[Explanation of symbols]

1 電磁弁 2 液肥混入機 2ーイ スポイト 2ーロ 弁 2ーハ シリコンボール 2ーニ 液肥 2ーホ 水 3 タイマー 3ーヘ メインタイマー 3ート 繰り返しタイマー 3ーチ 長さタイマー 4 水分コントローラー 5 水分センサー 6 栽培ベッド 7 圧力水 8 点滴パイプ 9 排水口 10 植物支持材 11 排水コック 12 空間 1 Solenoid valve 2 Liquid fertilizer mixing machine 2-I Dropper 2-Ro valve 2-Ha Silicon ball 2-Ni Liquid fertilizer 2-Ho Water 3 Timer 3-He main timer 3 Toe repeat timer 3-each Length timer 4 Moisture controller 5 Moisture sensor 6 Cultivation bed 7 Pressure water 8 Drip pipe 9 Drainage port 10 Plant support material 11 Drainage cock 12 Space

【手続補正書】[Procedure amendment]

【提出日】平成9年3月19日[Submission date] March 19, 1997

【手続補正2】[Procedure amendment 2]

【補正対象書類名】明細書[Document name to be amended] Statement

【補正対象項目名】全文[Correction target item name] Full text

【補正方法】変更[Correction method] Change

【補正内容】[Correction contents]

【書類名】 明細書[Document Name] Statement

【発明の名称】 栽培装置を使った植物栽培方法Title of plant cultivation method using cultivation device

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims]

【発明の詳細な説明】Detailed Description of the Invention

【0001】[0001]

【産業上の利用分野】本発明は、植物栽培における灌水
及び施肥を自動で行う植物栽培方法に関する発明であ
る。
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a plant cultivation method for automatically irrigating and fertilizing plants.

【0002】[0002]

【従来の技術】従来より植物栽培装置は数々存在する
が、栽培に多大なエネルギーを必要としたり、不意の事
故、災害に弱い、根の部分に病気が発生すると装置全体
に広がる恐れがある等の問題や、従来の方法では根粒菌
の繁殖が出来ず豆科植物の栽培が出来なかった。
2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, there are many plant cultivation devices, but they require a large amount of energy for cultivation, are vulnerable to unexpected accidents and disasters, and may spread to the entire device when a disease occurs in the root part. However, the root nodule bacteria could not be propagated and the legumes could not be cultivated by the conventional method.

【0003】[0003]

【発明が解決しようとする課題】この発明は、上記の問
題を解決し植物栽培支持材の使用後の処理が簡単であり
環境汚染を引き起こさない植物栽培方法を提供すること
を目的としている。
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to provide a method for cultivating plants, which solves the above problems and which is easy to treat after use of the plant cultivation support material and does not cause environmental pollution.

【0004】[0004]

【課題を解決するための手段】本発明の請求項1は、加
圧水(7)この発明で加圧水とはポンプ又は水道水のよ
うに水に圧力をかけた状態の水を言う。これを、タイマ
ー(3)と、水分センサー(5)及び水分コントローラ
ー(4)で電磁弁(1)を開閉し、点滴灌水パイプ
(8)から成る灌水装置である。本発明の請求項3は、
地面より植物支持材を隔離した栽培ベッド(6)に排水
口(9)を設け、植物支持材(10)を入れた請求項
1、2記載の液肥混入機(2)付き灌水装置を設ける。
本発明請求項4は、小さな栽培ベッド(6)を並べて、
その上に点滴灌水パイプ(8)を設置した物で、簡単に
移動できる。本発明は、以上の構成から成る植物栽培装
置を使った栽培方法である。
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the pressurized water (7) In the present invention, the pressurized water means water in a state in which the water is pressurized like a pump or tap water. This is an irrigation device comprising a drip irrigation pipe (8) in which a solenoid valve (1) is opened and closed by a timer (3), a moisture sensor (5) and a moisture controller (4). Claim 3 of the present invention
A irrigation system with a liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a drainage port (9) is provided in a cultivation bed (6) in which the plant support material is separated from the ground, and the plant support material (10) is placed.
According to claim 4 of the present invention, small cultivation beds (6) are arranged side by side.
The drip irrigation pipe (8) is installed on top of it, and can be easily moved. The present invention is a cultivation method using the plant cultivation device having the above configuration.

【0005】[0005]

【作用】この発明の栽培方法は、国4のメインタイマー
(3F)で、一日の灌水時間を管理し、タイマー(3
G)で灌水から灌水までの時間をセット、タイマー(3
H)で一回の灌水の長さのセットを行う、又水分センサ
ー(5)で植物支持材(10)の水分を感知し水分コン
トローラー(4)で植物支持材の水分を一定に保つよう
に電磁弁(1)の開閉による水の圧力で、図2の液肥混
入機(2)内のスポイト(2A)の伸びちじみを行い、
弁(2B)と伸縮ボール(2C)で液肥を加圧水に混入
させ図3、点滴灌水パイブ(8)により灌水と同時に肥
料を与える。なお、植物栽培ベッド(6)は植物支持材
を地面から隔離できる構造とし、排水口(9)を設け水
害の予防策とする。又点滴灌水パイプのつまり予防に清
掃用排出コック(11)から成る。
According to the cultivation method of the present invention, the main timer (3F) of the country 4 manages the irrigation time per day, and the timer (3
Set the time from irrigation to irrigation with G) and use the timer (3
Set the irrigation length once with H), and use the water sensor (5) to detect the water content of the plant support material (10) and use the water content controller (4) to keep the water content of the plant support material constant. The pressure of the water by opening and closing the solenoid valve (1) causes the dropper (2A) in the liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) shown in FIG.
Liquid fertilizer is mixed into the pressurized water with the valve (2B) and the expandable ball (2C), and the fertilizer is applied at the same time as the irrigation by the drip irrigation pipe (8) in FIG. The plant cultivation bed (6) has a structure capable of isolating the plant support material from the ground, and a drainage port (9) is provided to prevent flood damage. It also comprises a cleaning drain cock (11) to prevent clogging of the drip irrigation pipe.

【0006】[0006]

【実施例】以下に本発明の実施例を説明する。図3に示
すように、地面より植物支持材を隔離し、排水口(9)
を設けた栽培ベッド(6)に植物支持材(10)を入れ
る、この発明で植物支持材とは、養液栽培で固形培地分
類される資材及びその混合物を言い砂土も含む。又ベッ
ドの上部に点滴灌水パイプ(8)を乗せ、図5に示すよ
うに、植物支持材(10)に水分センサー(5)を差
し、水分センサー(5)の端子間の水分量を電気伝導量
で感知する水分コントローラー(4)で水分量を調整す
る。又一日の灌水量を決めるタイマー(3F)、灌水と
灌水の感覚をセットする繰り返しタイマー(3G)、灌
水1回の長さを決めるタイマー(3H)で電磁弁(1)
の開閉を行い、点滴灌水パイプ(8)で灌水を行う。同
時に電磁弁(1)の開閉で起こる水圧の変化を利用し図
2に示すように、スポイト(2A)を作動させ弁(2
B)と伸縮ボール(2C)により液肥(2D)を混入機
内の(2E)に送り込む。本発明は以上のような構造で
これを使用するときは、図3に示すように、地面からの
湿気及び水害の予防策として地面より植物支持材を隔離
し、排水口(9)を設けた箱状の栽培ベッド(6)に植
物支持材(10)を入れて植物を栽培する。ベッドの上
部に点滴灌水パイプ(8)を乗せ図5に示すようにメイ
ンタイマー(3F)で24時間の灌水時間を決める、植
物に合わせたとえば、日の出から灌水を始め日没までセ
ットし夜間の水分を控え、植物が徒長するのを押さえた
りするような使い方が出来る。繰り返しタイマー(3
G)は、灌水と灌水の間隔を調整するタイマーで、たと
えば1分間に1回の間隔で繰り返しスイッチが入る。
(3H)は灌水1回の長さを決めるタイマーでこの長さ
は3秒計くらいで良いが、このタイマーから流された電
流が水分コントローラー(4)を作動させる、又植物支
持材(10)に刺した水分センサー(5)の端子間の水
分量を水分コントローラー(4)が電気伝導量で感知
し、セット値より下がれば電磁弁(1)に電流を流し圧
力水(7)を点滴灌水パイプ(8)に流す。したがって
一つのセット例をあげると、メインタイマー(3F)の
セットで日の出から日没まで水分コントローラー(4)
と水分センサー(5)及び繰り返しタイマー(3G)に
より一分間に一回の間隔でタイマー(3H)が働き2秒
間の長さで点滴パイプから植物栽培ベッド内の植物支持
材へ灌水される。なお、この電磁弁の開閉で起こる水圧
の変化を利用して図2に示すように、スポイト(2A)
を作動させ、弁(2B)の3個の弁の働きで(2E)の
圧力が高くなるとスポイト(2A)内の液肥(2D)が
圧力水(2E)に押されて伸縮ボール(2C)内に押し
出される、(2E)の圧力が下がると膨らんだ伸縮ボー
ルがちぢみ、ボール内(2A)の液肥(2D)を(2
E)に押し出すことで水に液肥が混入される。又縮んで
いたスポイト(2A)が伸び、液肥(2D)がスポイト
内へ吸い込まれる。液肥の量はスポイト(2A)の大き
さと、繰り返しタイマー(3G)のセット時間で調節す
る、セット時間を長くすると1回のに水の量が多くなり
肥料が薄くなる。植物の生長が盛んな場合、水分消費量
が多くなり新陳代謝が増すと、肥料消費量が増えるわけ
で、冬場の植物の生長が鈍った場合でも水分及び肥料が
過剰にならない特徴がある。又冬場の植物の新陳代謝を
増すには、施設内の空気を動かすことにより高めること
ができるので積極的に利用する。なお、液肥に有機肥料
を使用することにより、有機栽培が簡単にできる。又植
物支持材の水分が少ないため、根粒菌の使用ができるの
で豆科植物の栽培ができる利点がある。排水コック(1
1)は、点滴パイプ内のゴミ清掃に使用する。この他に
栽培装置の変化として、栽培ベッドの材質は、軽く移動
に耐えられる強度であれば良く、又根の長い植物の場合
はその植物にあわせたベッドの深さにする。ベッドの排
水口はベッド内に水がたまらなければ、どの様な構造で
も良い。伸縮ボール(2C)は一時的にスポイト(2
A)内の液肥を吸収し、又押し出せる材質、構造であれ
ば良い。その他植物支持材の幅広い使用が可能である
が、使用後の廃棄する場合の事を考えると自然に帰した
ときに環境を汚染しない物を使用したい。
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below. As shown in Fig. 3, the plant support material is isolated from the ground, and the drain port (9)
The plant support material (10) is placed in the cultivation bed (6) provided with the above. The plant support material in the present invention means materials classified as a solid medium in hydroponics and a mixture thereof, and also includes sand and soil. Moreover, the drip irrigation pipe (8) is placed on the upper part of the bed, and as shown in FIG. 5, the moisture sensor (5) is attached to the plant support material (10), and the moisture content between the terminals of the moisture sensor (5) is electrically conducted. Adjust the water content with the water content controller (4). A timer (3F) that determines the amount of irrigation per day, a repeat timer (3G) that sets the sensation of irrigation and irrigation, and a timer (3H) that determines the length of one irrigation, and a solenoid valve (1)
Is opened and closed, and irrigation is performed with the drip irrigation pipe (8). At the same time, by utilizing the change in water pressure caused by opening and closing the solenoid valve (1), the dropper (2A) is activated and the valve (2) is activated as shown in FIG.
The liquid fertilizer (2D) is sent to (2E) in the mixing machine by (B) and the elastic ball (2C). When the present invention is used in the above structure, as shown in FIG. 3, the plant support material is isolated from the ground and a drainage port (9) is provided as a measure for preventing moisture and water damage from the ground. The plant support material (10) is put in a box-shaped cultivation bed (6) to grow the plant. Place a drip irrigation pipe (8) on the upper part of the bed and determine the irrigation time of 24 hours with the main timer (3F) as shown in FIG. It can be used as a restraint to prevent plants from growing too much. Repeat timer (3
G) is a timer for adjusting the interval between irrigation and irrigation, which is repeatedly switched on, for example, once per minute.
(3H) is a timer that determines the length of one irrigation, and this length may be about 3 seconds, but the current supplied from this timer activates the water controller (4), and the plant support material (10) The moisture controller (4) senses the amount of moisture between the terminals of the moisture sensor (5) stabbed in the body by the amount of electric conduction, and if it falls below the set value, an electric current is passed through the solenoid valve (1) to apply pressure water (7) to drip irrigation. Pour into pipe (8). Therefore, to give an example of one set, the main controller (3F) set the moisture controller (4) from sunrise to sunset.
And the water sensor (5) and the repeat timer (3G) actuate the timer (3H) at intervals of once per minute to irrigate the plant support material in the plant cultivation bed from the drip pipe for 2 seconds. It should be noted that, as shown in FIG. 2, a dropper (2A) is used by utilizing the change in water pressure that occurs when the solenoid valve is opened and closed.
When the pressure of (2E) increases due to the action of the three valves of the valve (2B), the liquid fertilizer (2D) in the dropper (2A) is pushed by the pressure water (2E) and in the telescopic ball (2C). When the pressure of (2E) is pushed out to the side, the swelling telescopic ball will shrink and the liquid fertilizer (2D) in the ball (2A)
Liquid manure is mixed into the water by extruding it into E). Also, the contracted dropper (2A) extends and liquid fertilizer (2D) is sucked into the dropper. The amount of liquid fertilizer is adjusted by the size of the dropper (2A) and the set time of the repeat timer (3G). If the set time is lengthened, the amount of water will increase and the fertilizer will become thinner. When plants grow vigorously, the water consumption increases and the metabolism increases, so the fertilizer consumption increases. Therefore, there is a feature that the water and fertilizer do not become excessive even if the plants grow slow in winter. In addition, in order to increase the metabolism of plants in winter, it can be increased by moving the air inside the facility, so it should be actively used. By using organic fertilizer for liquid fertilizer, organic cultivation can be easily performed. Further, since the water content of the plant support material is low, rhizobial bacteria can be used, which has the advantage of cultivating legumes. Drain cock (1
1) is used for cleaning dust inside the drip pipe. In addition to this, as a change of the cultivation apparatus, the material of the cultivation bed may be light enough to withstand the movement, and in the case of a plant with long roots, the bed depth should be adjusted to the plant. The bed drain may have any structure as long as the water does not collect in the bed. Telescopic ball (2C) is temporarily a dropper (2
Any material and structure capable of absorbing and extruding the liquid fertilizer in A) may be used. A wide range of other plant support materials can be used, but considering the case of disposal after use, I want to use a material that does not pollute the environment when returning to nature.

【0007】[0007]

【発明の効果】本発明は、可動部分が少なく、可動時間
も短いため省エネルギーで栽培でき、植物支持材の廃棄
の場合も環境を汚さない、ベッドが小さなブロックに別
れているため根部の病気が発生しても1ブロックで押さ
えられる特長がある。栽培施設の多目的利用を考えると
き、ベッドが簡単に移動できるため、ベッドのまま施設
外での栽培が可能でベッドの入れ替えにより、多種品目
のローテーションが簡単に組める特長がある。植物支持
材が土耕に近いため根粒菌が使えることで豆科植物の栽
培が出来る。
INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY According to the present invention, since there are few moving parts and the moving time is short, it can be cultivated with energy saving, the environment is not polluted even when the plant supporting material is discarded, and the bed is divided into small blocks, so that the root disease is not caused. Even if it occurs, it has the feature that it can be suppressed in one block. When considering the multipurpose use of cultivation facilities, since the beds can be easily moved, it is possible to grow the beds outside the facility, and by rotating the beds, the rotation of various items can be easily assembled. Since the plant support material is close to soil tillage, legumes can be cultivated by using rhizobia.

【図面の簡単な説明】[Brief description of drawings]

【図1】本発明の全体を示す図FIG. 1 is a diagram showing the whole of the present invention.

【図2】液肥混入機の説明図[Fig.2] Illustration of a liquid fertilizer mixing machine

【図3】A−A’断面図FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line A-A ′.

【図4】B−B’断面図FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line B-B ′.

【図5】タイマー、水分センサー、水分コントロール配
置図
[Figure 5] Timer, moisture sensor, moisture control layout

【符号の説明】 1 電磁弁 2 液肥混入機 2A スポイト 2B 弁 2C 伸縮ボール 2D 液肥 2E 加圧水又は水 3 タイマー 3F メインタイマー 3G 繰り返しタイマー 3H 長さタイマー 4 水分コントローラー 5 水分センサー 6 栽培ベッド 7 圧力水 8 点滴灌水パイプ 9 排水口 10 植物支持材 11 排水コック 12 地面[Explanation of symbols] 1 Solenoid valve 2 Liquid fertilizer mixing machine 2A Dropper 2B Valve 2C Telescopic ball 2D Liquid fertilizer 2E Pressurized water or water 3 Timer 3F Main timer 3G Repeat timer 3H Length timer 4 Moisture controller 5 Moisture sensor 6 Cultivation bed 7 Pressure water 8 Drip irrigation pipe 9 Drainage port 10 Plant support material 11 Drainage cock 12 Ground

【手続補正3】[Procedure 3]

【補正対象書類名】図面[Document name to be amended] Drawing

【補正対象項目名】全図[Correction target item name] All figures

【補正方法】変更[Correction method] Change

【補正内容】[Correction contents]

【図1】 FIG.

【図2】 [Fig. 2]

【図3】 [Figure 3]

【図4】 FIG. 4

【図5】 [Figure 5]

Claims (3)

【特許請求の範囲】[Claims] 【請求項1】 加圧水(7)をタイマー(3)と水分セ
ンサー(5)及び水分コントローラー(4)で電磁弁
(1)を開閉し点滴パイプ(8)で灌水することを特長
とした栽培装置。
1. A cultivating device characterized by irrigating pressurized water (7) with a drip pipe (8) by opening and closing a solenoid valve (1) with a timer (3), a moisture sensor (5) and a moisture controller (4). .
【請求項2】 加圧水(7)で作動する液肥混入機
(2)を付けたことを特長とする栽培装置。
2. A cultivating device, which is equipped with a liquid fertilizer mixing machine (2) that operates with pressurized water (7).
【請求項3】 地面より空間(12)を設けた栽培ベッ
ド(6)に排水口(9)を設け、植物支持材(10)を
入れ請求項1〜2記載の液肥混入機付き灌水装置を設け
た事を特長とする栽培装置。
3. The irrigation system with a liquid fertilizer mixing machine according to claim 1, wherein a drainage port (9) is provided in a cultivation bed (6) provided with a space (12) from the ground, and a plant support material (10) is put therein. Cultivation device characterized by being provided.
JP8089049A 1996-03-19 1996-03-19 Plant cultivation method using cultivation device Pending JPH09252672A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8089049A JPH09252672A (en) 1996-03-19 1996-03-19 Plant cultivation method using cultivation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP8089049A JPH09252672A (en) 1996-03-19 1996-03-19 Plant cultivation method using cultivation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPH09252672A true JPH09252672A (en) 1997-09-30

Family

ID=13960033

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP8089049A Pending JPH09252672A (en) 1996-03-19 1996-03-19 Plant cultivation method using cultivation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPH09252672A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002300818A (en) * 2001-04-05 2002-10-15 Iseki & Co Ltd Nourishing liquid-piping system for cultured plant
WO2009158671A3 (en) * 2008-06-26 2010-04-08 Attune Rtd Irrigation system
CN103141205A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 新疆农垦科学院 Water and fertilizer regulation and control system of drop irrigation cotton pot plant
CN104335843A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-11 浙江杰力惠农业科技有限公司 Integrated unpowered irrigation device for greenhouse
CN104488671A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-08 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Method and device for ventilating and cooling spaces among liquid surface of nutrient liquid, cultivation plate and plant canopy layers
CN105532155A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-04 西藏自治区农牧科学院蔬菜研究所 Facility horticulture crop nutrient solution irrigation system
CN109451948A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-12 山东省农业科学院科技信息研究所 A kind of Intelligent irrigation system
CN110122031A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-08-16 青海格润信息科技有限公司 Desertification treatment water delivery based on big data analysis is retained integrative intelligent system
CN110214676A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-10 蓝建廉 A kind of green ring construction irrigation device in gardens
CN114514874A (en) * 2021-12-27 2022-05-20 山东源泉机械有限公司 Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002300818A (en) * 2001-04-05 2002-10-15 Iseki & Co Ltd Nourishing liquid-piping system for cultured plant
WO2009158671A3 (en) * 2008-06-26 2010-04-08 Attune Rtd Irrigation system
CN103141205A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 新疆农垦科学院 Water and fertilizer regulation and control system of drop irrigation cotton pot plant
CN104335843A (en) * 2014-10-28 2015-02-11 浙江杰力惠农业科技有限公司 Integrated unpowered irrigation device for greenhouse
CN104488671A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-08 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Method and device for ventilating and cooling spaces among liquid surface of nutrient liquid, cultivation plate and plant canopy layers
CN105532155A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-04 西藏自治区农牧科学院蔬菜研究所 Facility horticulture crop nutrient solution irrigation system
CN109451948A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-12 山东省农业科学院科技信息研究所 A kind of Intelligent irrigation system
CN110122031A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-08-16 青海格润信息科技有限公司 Desertification treatment water delivery based on big data analysis is retained integrative intelligent system
CN110214676A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-09-10 蓝建廉 A kind of green ring construction irrigation device in gardens
CN110214676B (en) * 2019-07-09 2021-05-11 蓝建廉 Afforestation construction watering device
CN114514874A (en) * 2021-12-27 2022-05-20 山东源泉机械有限公司 Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water
CN114514874B (en) * 2021-12-27 2022-11-22 山东源泉机械有限公司 Water-saving agricultural watering is with equipment of executing water

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