CN113979117A - Automatic parcel system of seat frame - Google Patents

Automatic parcel system of seat frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113979117A
CN113979117A CN202111140538.9A CN202111140538A CN113979117A CN 113979117 A CN113979117 A CN 113979117A CN 202111140538 A CN202111140538 A CN 202111140538A CN 113979117 A CN113979117 A CN 113979117A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seat frame
cotton
conveying
material taking
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202111140538.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113979117B (en
Inventor
孔航新
何俊
王柏林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
UE Furniture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
UE Furniture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by UE Furniture Co Ltd filed Critical UE Furniture Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111140538.9A priority Critical patent/CN113979117B/en
Publication of CN113979117A publication Critical patent/CN113979117A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113979117B publication Critical patent/CN113979117B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/915Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems with rotary movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0221Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work characterised by the means for moving or conveying the objects or other work, e.g. conveyor belts
    • B05B13/0271Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work characterised by the means for moving or conveying the objects or other work, e.g. conveyor belts the object or work standing still during the spraying operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/04Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation
    • B05B13/0431Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation with spray heads moved by robots or articulated arms, e.g. for applying liquid or other fluent material to 3D-surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G15/00Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration
    • B65G15/10Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration comprising two or more co-operating endless surfaces with parallel longitudinal axes, or a multiplicity of parallel elements, e.g. ropes defining an endless surface
    • B65G15/12Conveyors having endless load-conveying surfaces, i.e. belts and like continuous members, to which tractive effort is transmitted by means other than endless driving elements of similar configuration comprising two or more co-operating endless surfaces with parallel longitudinal axes, or a multiplicity of parallel elements, e.g. ropes defining an endless surface with two or more endless belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS OR WEDGES; JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B11/00Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding
    • F16B11/006Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by sticking or pressing them together, e.g. cold pressure welding by gluing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic seat frame packaging system which comprises a spongy cushion bonding and conveying device, wherein the spongy cushion bonding and conveying device comprises a dispensing table, a glue spraying manipulator and a conveying track, can bond a spongy cushion to a seat frame in order, and conveys the bonded seat frame to a material taking station; the barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device comprises a dispensing base, a wrapping base and a conveying rail, wherein a conveying frame is arranged on the conveying rail; the barrier cotton is sprayed on the gluing base and is conveyed to the wrapping base by the conveying frame; the feeding and discharging device comprises a material taking manipulator, and the material taking manipulator transfers a seat frame at a material taking station to a packaging base to be packaged with barrier cotton; the wrapping base comprises a floating platform and a positioning disc positioned above the floating platform; the positioning disk drives the seat frame to move downwards and acts on the floating platform to move downwards, and under the action of the positioning side plate and the package push-pull assembly, the inner periphery of the blocking cotton is wrapped on the side wall of the seat frame, and the outer periphery of the blocking cotton is wrapped on the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame. And automatic seat frame wrapping is realized.

Description

Automatic parcel system of seat frame
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of seat processing, in particular to an automatic seat frame wrapping system.
Background
In order to make the seat part of the seat soft and comfortable, many manufacturers can arrange soft materials such as sponge on the seat frame, and wrap barrier cotton outside the soft materials such as sponge, so that the seat frame is soft and comfortable to use; at present, the process of coating the seat frame with the barrier cotton is manual, and generally comprises the following steps of spraying glue on the sponge cushion → adhering the sponge cushion and the seat frame → cutting the barrier cotton with a specific size → spraying glue on the barrier cotton → coating the barrier cotton on the seat frame.
In the existing processing production, most of the steps are finished through manual operation, so that the efficiency is low and the yield is low; and the wrapping quality is uneven, the quality cannot be ensured, and the method is not suitable for batch production.
In order to improve the efficiency of seat frame processing production, improve the productivity and release the manual labor; aiming at the problems, the invention provides a full-automatic seat frame packaging system which can sequentially bond sponge cushions and package barrier cotton on seat frames in batch and automatically.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention overcomes the defects in the prior art and provides an automatic seat frame wrapping system; the automatic dispensing of the sponge cushion of the seat frame can be realized, and the sponge cushion can be quickly bonded with the seat frame; meanwhile, automatic dispensing can be carried out on the blocking cotton of the seat frame, the blocking cotton is automatically wrapped on the seat frame which is bonded with the spongy cushion, and finally a seat frame finished product which is bonded with the spongy cushion and wrapped by the blocking cotton is obtained; realized the automatic point in the seat frame production process and glued and the parcel step, released the hand labor power, effectively raised the efficiency and output, and the parcel quality of seat frame compares manual operation better.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
an automatic seat frame wrapping system comprises a spongy cushion bonding and conveying device, a glue spraying manipulator and a conveying track, wherein the spongy cushion bonding and conveying device comprises a glue dispensing table and a glue spraying manipulator which are used for bonding a seat frame and a spongy cushion, and the conveying track is used for conveying the seat frame; a placing station for supporting the sponge cushion and the seat frame is arranged on the dispensing table; the glue dispensing table is positioned at the front end of the conveying track, and the conveying track is positioned below the placing station; the sponge cushion is placed on the placing station in advance, glue spraying treatment is carried out by the glue spraying manipulator, and after glue spraying is finished, the seat frame is placed on the placing station and bonded with the sponge cushion; the placing station comprises a fixed supporting part and a rotating supporting part which are used for supporting the seat frame; after the spongy cushion is bonded with the seat frame, the rotating support part rotates downwards to enable the seat frame to slide downwards to the conveying track; a material taking station is arranged at the rear end of the conveying rail, and the seat frame is conveyed by the conveying rail and stays on the material taking station; the barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device comprises a dispensing base, a wrapping base and a conveying track connected between the dispensing base and the wrapping base; the conveying rail is provided with a conveying frame capable of moving along the conveying rail, and the conveying frame is provided with a plurality of blocking cotton clamping jaws; the dispensing base is provided with a supporting table which can support and drive the barrier cotton to move up and down; the glue spraying manipulator is configured to be capable of freely lifting and rotating and spraying glue on the barrier cotton on the support platform; after the glue spraying of the barrier cotton is finished, the barrier cotton is clamped by a barrier cotton clamping jaw and is conveyed to a package base by a conveying frame; the supporting table correspondingly ascends and descends in response to the movement of the conveying frame; the loading and unloading device is arranged between the material taking station and the wrapping base; the automatic seat frame grabbing device comprises a material taking manipulator for grabbing a seat frame, wherein a material taking frame is arranged at the free end of the material taking manipulator, the material taking frame is provided with at least two grabbing units, and a single grabbing unit can grab one seat frame at a time; the material taking manipulator clamps and transfers the seat frame adhered with the spongy cushion at the material taking station to a packaging base for packaging; the wrapping base is provided with a floating mechanism, an up-down positioning mechanism, a side positioning mechanism and a wrapping mechanism; the floating mechanism comprises a floating platform capable of being adjusted in an up-and-down displacement mode, and the barrier cotton is moved to the floating platform by the conveying frame; the upper and lower positioning mechanisms comprise positioning discs which are suspended above the floating platform and can move up and down, and the material taking manipulator transfers and connects the seat frame at the material taking station to the positioning discs; the positioning disc can drive the seat frame to move downwards so that the seat frame and the barrier cotton are positioned between the positioning disc and the floating platform from top to bottom; the side positioning mechanism comprises a positioning side plate positioned on the side wall of the floating platform, and the positioning disc is continuously pressed down to enable the positioning side plate to tightly support the inner periphery of the barrier cotton on the side wall of the seat frame; the wrapping mechanism comprises a wrapping push-pull assembly arranged around the floating platform, the wrapping push-pull assembly can move towards the center of the floating platform, and the outer periphery of the blocking cotton protruding out of the outer side of the inner periphery of the blocking cotton on the upper end of the side wall of the seat frame is wrapped at the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame.
Preferably, the placing station is arranged at the middle position of the dispensing base station; the fixed supporting part is always in a horizontal state, the rotating supporting part is positioned at the rear end of the fixed supporting part, and the rotating supporting part can be kept in a horizontal state or can rotate downwards relative to the fixed supporting part; and the two sides of the rotating support part are provided with slide ways which are obliquely arranged downwards in a mirror image manner; the rotating support part rotates downwards to enable the seat frame to slide downwards into the conveying track along the slide way. The design is ingenious, the rotating support part can support the seat frame and can drive the seat frame to slide downwards; and the seat frame is provided with a slide way, so that the seat frame can stably slide into the conveying track.
Preferably, an electric push rod connected with the rotating support part is arranged below the dispensing table, and the electric push rod can support the rotating support part to enable the rotating support part to be kept in a horizontal state; the electric push rod is contracted to drive the rotating support part to rotate downwards. Under the action of the electric push rod, the rotary supporting part can be controlled to gradually rotate downwards; so that the seat frame can slide into the conveying track stably.
Preferably, the material taking station is provided with a jacking support platform capable of moving up and down, and the front end of the material taking station is also provided with a baffle capable of being adjusted in a lifting mode; the jacking support table has a working state and an undetermined state, in the working state, the jacking support table ascends to support the seat frame positioned on the material taking station away from the conveying rail, the baffle plate synchronously ascends to block other seat frames positioned on the conveying rail, and the material taking manipulator grabs the seat frame supported by the jacking support table; and under the undetermined state, the jacking supporting table and the baffle descend and reset to the lower part of the conveying track. The seat frame can be conveyed and stays on the material taking station, and the stop block can block other seat frames on the conveying track, so that the current grabbing work is prevented from being influenced; can be orderly carry the seat frame and snatch one by one, be difficult for makeing mistakes.
Preferably, the conveying track comprises two conveying belts which are arranged at intervals left and right, and the two conveying belts keep synchronous motion; jacking saddle and baffle all set up between two conveyer belts, and jacking saddle lower extreme is connected with the first electric jar of its lift of control, and the baffle lower extreme is connected with the second electric jar of its lift of control.
Preferably, the support table has a preparation position at a low position and a working position at a high position; the separation cotton is placed on the support table in advance, the support table is located at a preparation position, when the conveying frame moves to the glue dispensing base, the support table drives the separation cotton to ascend to a working position, and the glue spraying manipulator moves along the periphery of the support table according to a preset track to spray glue on the periphery of the separation cotton; after the glue spraying is finished, the blocking cotton is clamped by the conveying frame, and the supporting table is lowered to the preparation position again; the conveying frame drives the blocking cotton to move right above the floating platform. The supporting table only plays a role in bearing the barrier cotton, and the supporting table cannot interfere the conveying frame to clamp and convey the barrier cotton.
Preferably, the conveying frame is of a rectangular frame structure; when the conveying frame moves to the dispensing base, the cotton blocking clamping jaws are located around the supporting table; when the carriage moves to the package base, the barrier cotton jaws are positioned around the floating table. The conveying frame only plays a role in clamping and conveying the barrier cotton, and the glue spraying and wrapping processes of the barrier cotton cannot be interfered.
Preferably, the blocking cotton clamping jaw comprises a base, an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the base, and the upper clamping piece and the lower clamping piece can rotate relative to the base in the vertical direction; the lower clamping piece and the upper clamping piece rotate oppositely to clamp the blocking cotton, and the lower clamping piece and the upper clamping piece deviate from each other to rotate to loosen the blocking cotton. Because the separation cotton is flexible sheet material, so adopt upper clamping piece and lower clamping piece cooperation can effectual clamp get the separation cotton, and can not damage the separation cotton.
Preferably, the material taking frame is of a rectangular structure, two adjacent grabbing units are arranged on the material taking frame, and a single material taking unit comprises two clamping jaws and three suction nozzles; the two clamping jaws are positioned on the same side of the grabbing unit, and the three suction nozzles are distributed in a triangular shape. When the seat frame is grabbed, the two clamping jaws grab the frame of the seat frame at the same time, and the clamping is stable; the three suction nozzles are adsorbed on the surface of the seat frame, are uniformly stressed and can stably suck the seat frame; the seat frame can be firmly grabbed.
Preferably, the bottom of the positioning plate is provided with a sucker, and the seat frame is provided with a bottom groove; the positioning disc can be positioned in the bottom groove of the seat frame and can adsorb the seat frame through the sucking disc. Through setting up the sucking disc in the bottom of positioning disk for the positioning disk can adsorb fixedly with the seat frame that the material taking manipulator sent to.
Preferably, the four corners of the seat frame are provided with grooves, and the positioning disc is correspondingly provided with positioning clamping columns which can be downwards clamped in the grooves. The seat frame can be accurately positioned, so that the position where the seat frame is connected to the positioning disc can be conveniently and exactly wrapped with the barrier cotton; and the seat frame is prevented from deviating on the positioning plate.
Preferably, the floating mechanism further comprises a floating assembly connected below the floating platform and used for realizing vertical displacement of the floating platform, the floating assembly comprises a guide plate arranged at the bottom of the wrapping base, a floating guide rod slidably penetrating through the guide plate and a first elastic piece sleeved on the floating guide rod, the upper end of the floating guide rod is connected with the lower portion of the floating platform, the upper end of the first elastic piece is abutted to the lower surface of the floating platform, and the lower end of the first elastic piece is abutted to the upper surface of the guide plate. So that the positioning disc can be pressed downwards and acts on the floating table to move downwards elastically; after the separation cotton and the seat frame are wrapped, the positioning plate moves upwards again to be suspended above the floating platform, and the floating platform can drive the seat frame to move upwards for resetting.
Preferably, the parcel pushing and pressing assembly is respectively arranged on the periphery of the floating platform and comprises a sliding pressing plate arranged on the parcel base and a push-pull driving electric cylinder capable of driving the sliding pressing plate to move back and forth towards the center direction of the floating platform; the sliding pressing plate moves towards the center of the floating platform to press and wrap the periphery of the blocking cotton on the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame. The outer periphery of the blocking cotton can be further clung to the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame through the sliding pressing plate.
Preferably, the sliding pressing plate is also provided with a connecting plate, a wrapping plate which is positioned at the end part of the sliding pressing plate and is hinged with the connecting plate, and a wrapping driving cylinder which can drive the connecting plate to move; the parcel actuating cylinder can promote the connecting plate and remove so that the parcel board overturns downwards relative to the clamp plate that slides for separation cotton outer peripheral edge continues to be pressed and bonds on the inside wall of seat frame bottom recess. Further, the wrapping plate is driven to turn over, and the part of the barrier cotton which is still excessive is pressed and bonded on the inner side wall of the groove at the bottom of the seat frame; thereby completing the final package.
Preferably, the sponge cushion bonding and conveying device and the blocking cotton dispensing and wrapping device are arranged in parallel and side by side; and both sides of the spongy cushion bonding and conveying device are provided with separating cotton dispensing devices. Through mutual cooperation work of two separation cotton point gluing wrapping devices and a foam-rubber cushion bonding conveying device, the machining efficiency of the seat frame can be further improved, and the productivity is improved.
Preferably, after the material taking manipulator transfers the seat frame on the material taking station to the positioning plate, the material taking manipulator simultaneously grabs the seat frame which is wrapped at the floating platform. The material taking manipulator can convey the seat frame to be wrapped with the barrier cotton to the positioning disc; the seat frame finished product after being coated can be taken away, so that the next coating work is facilitated; a plurality of material taking devices are not required to be arranged, and the working rings are buckled with each other strictly and orderly.
The design starting point, the idea and the beneficial effects of the invention adopting the technical scheme are as follows:
firstly, according to the automatic seat frame packaging system, the sponge pads can be orderly bonded to the seat frame through the sponge pad bonding and conveying device, then the bonded seat frame is conveyed to the material taking station and taken away by the material taking manipulator, and the quick bonding process of the seat frame and the sponge pads is realized; the blocking cotton glue dispensing and wrapping device can automatically spray glue on the blocking cotton and convey the glue-sprayed blocking cotton to be automatically wrapped with the seat frame, so that automatic glue dispensing and wrapping of the seat frame blocking cotton (blocking cloth, blocking paper and the like also can be realized); the material taking manipulator of the feeding and discharging device can timely transfer the seat frame to the wrapping base and grab the wrapped seat frame on the wrapping base. Through the assembly line type matching, the automatic glue dispensing and wrapping steps in the seat frame production process can be realized, the manual labor force is released, the efficiency and the yield are effectively improved, and the wrapping quality of the seat frame is better than that of manual operation; during operation, an operator only needs to complete the placement of the spongy cushion, the seat frame and the blocking cotton, and the operation is simple and labor-saving.
Secondly, a lifting support table and a baffle plate which can be lifted are arranged on the material taking station, so that when the seat frame is conveyed to the material taking station, the lifting support table supports the seat frame, and the material taking manipulator can conveniently grab the seat frame; the baffle plate synchronously rises to prevent other seat frames from entering the material taking station; after the material taking manipulator finishes grabbing, the jacking supporting table and the baffle plate descend and reset to the position below the conveying track, so that the next seat frame is conveyed to a material taking station again; the seat frame on the conveying track can be orderly grabbed one by the material taking manipulator, the whole process is in good order, and stable conveying and material taking can be carried out on the seat frame. Two grabbing units are arranged on the material taking frame, so that two seat frames can be grabbed at the same time, the working efficiency is improved, two clamping jaws and three suction nozzles are arranged on a single material taking station, and the suction nozzles are distributed in a triangular shape, so that the stress is dispersed and uniform, and the seat frames are kept in a horizontal state in the moving process; the phenomenon of tilting and overturning is avoided.
In addition, as the barrier cotton is made of flexible sheet materials, the barrier cotton is difficult to grasp by adopting the traditional modes such as a suction nozzle or a clamping jaw; therefore, the blocking cotton clamping jaw is arranged on the conveying frame and comprises an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece; the barrier cotton can be effectively clamped through the upper clamping piece and the lower clamping piece, and the barrier cotton cannot be damaged; when the blocking cotton is driven to move by the conveying frame, the blocking cotton is in a horizontal suspension state, so that the blocking cotton is in a flat and non-loose state; the conveying frame can stably clamp the blocking cotton and stably convey the blocking cotton.
In the wrapping process, the seat frame bonded with the sponge cushion is sucked by the positioning disc, and the positioning disc can drive the seat frame to move downwards so that the seat frame and the barrier cotton are positioned between the positioning disc and the floating platform from top to bottom; a positioning side plate is arranged on the side wall of the floating platform, and the positioning plate is continuously pressed down to enable the positioning side plate to tightly support the inner periphery of the barrier cotton on the side wall of the seat frame; the periphery of the floating platform is also provided with a wrapping push-pull assembly, a sliding pressure plate on the wrapping push-pull assembly can move towards the center of the floating platform, and the periphery of the blocking cotton protruding out of the upper end of the side wall of the seat frame and positioned outside the inner periphery of the blocking cotton is wrapped at the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame; the setting can also further overturn at the parcel board that slides the clamp plate front end, continues to press and bond the cotton part of still coming out of separation on the inside wall of the bottom recess of seat frame to accomplish final parcel, and the cotton inseparable cladding of separation on the seat frame, it is effectual to wrap up.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the overall packaging system in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an overall top view of the wrapping system in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a sponge mat bonding and conveying device according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a bezel of the dispensing station according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of the seat frame sliding down from the dispensing table according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the downward rotation of the rotation support according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a conveying track according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of another angle of the conveying track according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the bottom of the conveying track according to the embodiment of the present invention
FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the material extraction robot operating in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a grabbing frame of a material fetching manipulator according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of a material taking frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic perspective view of a material taking manipulator transferring a frame to a positioning plate according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic perspective view of an apparatus for barrier dispensing and wrapping in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic perspective view illustrating the movement of the carriage to the support stage according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 15;
FIG. 17 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention illustrating the spraying of glue on barrier cotton;
FIG. 18 is an enlarged view of detail B of FIG. 17;
FIG. 19 is a schematic perspective view of barrier cotton in a carrier according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 20 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention illustrating a barrier cotton clamping jaw clamping barrier cotton;
FIG. 21 is a schematic perspective view of a carriage delivering barrier cotton to a package base according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 22 is a perspective view of a package base according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 23 is an enlarged view of detail C of FIG. 22;
FIG. 24 is a perspective view of a floating mechanism in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 25 is an enlarged view of detail D of FIG. 24;
FIG. 26 is a schematic perspective view of an up-down positioning mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 27 is a schematic perspective view of a wrapping mechanism on a wrapping base in an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 28 is a perspective view of a wrap pusher assembly in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 29 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention with the wrap sheet turned down;
FIG. 30 is a schematic view of the effect of the barrier cotton wrapping around the seat frame in an embodiment of the present invention.
The figures are numbered: the sponge cushion is bonded with the conveying device A; a barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device B; a loading and unloading device C; a seat frame 1; a frame 1 a; a bezel side wall 101; bezel bottom edge 102; a bottom recess 103; a spongy cushion 2; barrier cotton 3; a barrier cotton outer periphery 3 a; blocking the cotton outer periphery 3 b; a glue spraying manipulator 4; a nozzle 4 a; a conveying track 5; a conveyor belt 5 a; a glue dispensing table 6; a substrate 6 a; a placing station 7; a fixed support portion 8; a rotation support portion 9; a support leg 10; a vertical rod 11; an electric push rod 12; positioning the push block 13; a slideway 14; a support frame 15; the legs 15 a; a support frame 15 b; a material pick-up station 16; a jacking saddle 17; the first electric cylinder 17 a; a material taking frame 18; a grasping unit 19; a suction nozzle 20; a clamping jaw 21; a baffle 22; the second electric cylinder 22 a; a material taking manipulator 23; a dispensing base 24; a wrapping base 25; a transfer rail 26; a support table 27; a positioning stop 28; a carriage 29; a slider 29 a; a barrier cotton jaw 30; a control base 30 a; an upper clip 30 b; a lower jaw 30 c; a notch 31; a floating table 32; a guide plate 321; a floating guide rod 322; the first elastic member 323; a bottom plate 324; a screw 325; a positioning plate 33; a telescopic driving electric cylinder 331; a support cross plate 332; a telescopic guide 333; a suction cup 33 a; a positioning clip 334; positioning the side plates 34; a wrap ram assembly 35; a sliding platen 36; a push-pull drive electric cylinder 37; a pack driving cylinder 361; a connecting plate 362; a wrapping sheet 363; a first hinge pin 3601; a first hinge 3602; a second hinge 3603; a second hinge pin 3604; a groove 38.
Detailed Description
In order that the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention can be more clearly understood, a more particular description of the invention will be rendered by reference to the appended drawings. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those specifically described herein, and therefore the scope of the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
In the description of the present invention, the term "at least one" means one or more than one unless explicitly defined otherwise. The terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The terms of orientation, such as front and back, referred to in this embodiment are described using the length direction of the conveying track as the front-back direction, wherein the direction of the dispensing station is front and the direction of the material-taking manipulator is back.
The specific embodiment of the invention is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1-30, the present invention provides an automatic seat frame wrapping system, which comprises a sponge cushion bonding and conveying device a, a barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device B and a loading and unloading device C; the automatic seat frame wrapping system can automatically glue the sponge cushion 2 of the seat frame 1 and rapidly bond the sponge cushion 2 and the seat frame 1 together; meanwhile, automatic dispensing can be carried out on the separation cotton 3 of the seat frame 1, and the separation cotton 3 is automatically wrapped on the seat frame 1 which is bonded with the sponge cushion 2; finally obtaining a seat frame 1 finished product which is bonded with the sponge cushion 2 and is wrapped by the barrier cotton 3; the automatic packaging machine has the advantages that automatic processing production is realized, the yield is improved, the labor force is released, and the packaging quality is better.
As shown in fig. 3-10: the bonding and transporting device A for the spongy cushion comprises a glue dispensing table 6 for bonding the seat frame 1 and the spongy cushion 2, a glue spraying manipulator 4 for spraying glue on the spongy cushion 2, and a conveying track 5 for conveying the seat frame 1.
As shown in fig. 3-6, the dispensing table 6 is located at the front end of the conveying track 5, the dispensing table 6 is a cabinet, the dispensing table 6 includes a substrate 6a located at the upper end, and a placement station 7 for supporting the seat frame 1 and the foam-rubber cushion 2 is disposed in the middle of the substrate 6 a; the placing station 7 is a boss protruding upwards from the substrate 6 a; as shown in fig. 5 and 6, the placing station 7 includes a fixed support portion 8 and a rotary support portion 9 for supporting the seat frame 1, and the fixed support portion 8 and the rotary support portion 9 are arranged in the front-rear direction; the fixed supporting part 8 is fixedly arranged on the base plate 6a and is always in a horizontal state, and the rotating supporting part 9 can rotate downwards relative to the fixed supporting part 8; the method specifically comprises the following steps: the front end of the rotating support part 9 is in rotating fit with the rear end of the fixed support part 8; the dispensing table 6 further comprises supporting foot posts 10 positioned on the periphery below the base plate 6a, a vertical rod 11 is arranged between the two supporting foot posts 10 at the front end of the dispensing table 6, an electric push rod 12 is arranged between the vertical rod 11 and the rear end of the rotating supporting part 9, and two ends of the electric push rod 12 are respectively hinged with the vertical rod 11 and the rotating supporting part 9; the electric push rod 12 can support the rotation support part 9 in a horizontal state to support the seat frame 1, and the electric push rod 12 can also be contracted to control the rear end of the rotation support part 9 to rotate and incline downwards.
As shown in fig. 3-5, when the sponge cushion 2 needs to be sprayed with glue, the rotary supporting portion 9 is in a horizontal state, and the rotary supporting portion 9 and the fixed supporting portion 8 form a supporting surface for fitting with the seat surface (upper end surface of the seat frame) of the seat frame 1; the glue spraying manipulator 4 is positioned right above the placing station 7, the glue spraying manipulator 4 can freely rotate and lift, the glue spraying manipulator 4 comprises a nozzle 4a positioned at the end part of the glue spraying manipulator, and the movement stroke of the glue spraying manipulator 4 is preset; the gluing process of the seat frame 1 is as follows: firstly, an operator places the spongy cushion 2 on a placing station 7, and then the glue spraying manipulator 4 automatically works to drive the nozzle 4a to spray glue on the spongy cushion 2 along the periphery of the spongy cushion 2; after the sponge cushion 2 is sprayed with glue, the seat frame 1 and the sponge cushion 2 can be placed for bonding; four positioning push blocks 13 are respectively arranged on the periphery of the placing station 7, the positioning push blocks 13 are controlled by an electric cylinder, and after the sponge mat 2 is subjected to glue spraying, the positioning push blocks 13 respectively deviate towards the center of the placing station 7 by a certain distance so that the positioning push blocks 13 are flush with the edge of the sponge mat 2; thereby play supplementary seat frame 1 and put into the effect of placing station 7, then operating personnel can directly put into seat frame 1 and place in the station 7 and make the seat face of seat frame 1 bond with foam-rubber cushion 2, the profile size of foam-rubber cushion 2 is identical with the profile size of seat frame 1, then make after putting into seat frame 1 just can be more perfect bond together with foam-rubber cushion 2, and convenient operation is simple, make the bonding of seat frame 1 and foam-rubber cushion 2 effectual, and the bonding convenient and fast, operating personnel only need put into foam-rubber cushion 2 and seat frame 1 in proper order can.
As shown in fig. 3 and 7-10, the conveying track 5 is located below the base plate 6a, and after the seat frame 1 and the sponge mat 2 are glued, the electric push rod 12 is contracted to drive the rotating support part 9 to rotate downwards, so that the seat frame 1 slides downwards onto the conveying track 5; specifically, the method comprises the following steps: slide ways 14 inclined downwards are arranged on two sides of the rotating support part 9 in a mirror image mode, and the rotating support part 9 rotates downwards by a sufficient angle to enable the seat frame 1 to fall backwards on the slide ways 14 and slide downwards along the slide ways 14 onto the conveying track 5. The conveying track 5 comprises two conveying belts 5a which are arranged symmetrically left and right, and the two conveying belts 5a keep synchronous motion; so that the seat frame 1 can be smoothly conveyed backward. As shown in fig. 3, a support frame 15 is disposed at a position of the conveying track 5 close to the dispensing table 6, the support frame 15 includes support legs 15a at left and right sides and a support frame 15b at an upper end, wherein the support legs 15a are respectively located at two sides of the conveying track 5, the support frame 15b is located right above the conveying track 5, and the glue spraying manipulator 4 is mounted on the support frame 15 b; the glue spraying manipulator 4 can be effectively arranged near the glue dispensing table 6, so that the glue spraying manipulator 4 can move conveniently; and the occupied space of the device can be saved, and the operation of the conveying track 5 is not interfered.
As shown in fig. 7-12, a material taking station 16 is arranged at the rear end of the conveying track 5, the loading and unloading device C is arranged at the rear end of the material taking station 16, the loading and unloading device C includes a material taking manipulator 23, and when the seat frame 1 is conveyed to the material taking station 16, the material taking manipulator 23 grips the seat frame 1; specifically, the method comprises the following steps: a jacking supporting platform 17 is arranged on the material taking station 16, the jacking supporting platform 17 is positioned between the two conveying belts 5a, and a first electric cylinder 17a is connected below the jacking supporting platform 17 and can ascend or descend under the control of the first electric cylinder 17 a; when the seat frame 1 is conveyed to the material taking station 16, the jacking support platform 17 rises and drives the seat frame 1 to lift, and the jacking support platform 17 can stably support the seat frame 1 to enable the seat frame 1 to leave the conveying belt 5a, so that the seat frame 1 can be stopped at the material taking station 16. The free end of the material taking manipulator 23 is provided with a horizontal material taking frame 18 for taking the seat frame 1, the material taking frame 18 is of a rectangular frame structure, and the material taking frame 18 can rotate and lift freely. As shown in fig. 11 to 12, the material taking frame 18 has two adjacent gripping units 19, wherein each gripping unit 19 can grip one seat frame 1; the clamping unit 19 is provided with a suction nozzle assembly for sucking the seat frame 1 and a clamping jaw assembly for clamping the seat frame 1, the suction nozzle assembly comprises three suction nozzles 20 distributed in a triangular shape, and the clamping jaw assembly comprises two spaced clamping jaws 21 positioned on the same side; each side of the seat frame 1 is provided with a frame 1a, when the seat frame 1 is grabbed, the two clamping jaws 21 can simultaneously grasp the frame 1a on one side of the seat frame 1, and the suction nozzle 20 can be adsorbed on the end surface of the seat frame 1, so that the material taking frame 18 can firmly grasp the seat frame 1. In addition, a baffle 22 arranged longitudinally is arranged at the front end of the material taking station 16, the baffle 22 is positioned between the two conveyor belts 5a, the lower end of the baffle 22 is connected with a second electric cylinder 22a, and the second electric cylinder 22a can control the baffle 22 to move up and down; when the seat frame 1 is conveyed to the material taking station 16, the baffle plate 22 rises synchronously along with the jacking supporting platform 17, and the baffle plate 22 can block other seat frames 1 positioned on the conveying belt 5a, so that the currently grabbed seat frame 1 is prevented from being influenced; after the material taking manipulator 23 takes the seat frame 1 away, the baffle 22 and the jacking supporting platform 17 descend simultaneously, so that the next seat frame 1 is conveyed to the material taking station 16 again for grabbing; the layout is reasonable and ingenious, and the seat frame 1 can be orderly conveyed and grabbed one by one. The sponge cushion bonding and conveying device A can be used for conveniently bonding the sponge cushion 2 on the seat frame 1 and sequentially taking away the bonded seat frames 1; the whole process is almost full-automatic; the sponge cushion 2 and the seat frame 1 are placed on the placing station 7 in sequence by an operator, so that the operation is very convenient and fast, and manual labor is released; and the production efficiency and the productivity can be improved.
As shown in fig. 13: the seat frame 1 bonded with the sponge cushion 2 is clamped by the material taking manipulator 23 and transferred to the blocking cotton dispensing and wrapping device B for further wrapping; as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the blocking cotton dispensing and wrapping device B and the sponge cushion bonding and conveying device a are arranged in parallel; the feeding and discharging device C is responsible for clamping the seat frame 1 and transferring the seat frame between the feeding and discharging device C and the seat frame. The working process of the barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device B is further explained below.
As shown in fig. 14-30, the barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device B includes a dispensing base 24 for supporting the barrier cotton 3, a wrapping base 25 for wrapping the barrier cotton 3 with the seat frame 1, and a conveying rail 26 connected between the dispensing base 24 and the wrapping base 25, wherein a conveying frame 29 capable of clamping the barrier cotton 3 is slidably disposed on the conveying rail 26; during operation, the blocking cotton 3 is only horizontally placed on the glue dispensing base 24, glue can be automatically sprayed on the blocking cotton 3, and the blocking cotton 3 is conveyed to the wrapping base 25 to be wrapped with the seat frame 1.
Specifically, the method comprises the following steps: as shown in fig. 14-21, the dispensing base 24 is provided with a support platform 27 for supporting the barrier cotton 3 and a support assembly (not shown) for realizing the up-and-down displacement of the support platform 27; the supporting component is connected below the supporting platform 27 and comprises a supporting driving cylinder and a supporting driving air rod connected to the supporting driving cylinder, and the supporting driving air rod is connected with the supporting platform 27. As shown in fig. 14, the outline of the support platform 27 is set to match the outline of the barrier cotton 3, and positioning blocks 28 protruding upwards are respectively arranged around the support platform 27, and the positioning blocks 28 are respectively positioned at four sides of the support platform 27; make that operating personnel can be very convenient place the cotton 3 of separation on brace table 27, location dog 28 can restrict the cotton 3 skew of separation and rock on brace table 27 for the cotton 3 of bearing of brace table 27 can be stable.
The glue spraying manipulator 4 is configured to be capable of spraying glue on the barrier cotton 3 on the support platform 27, the glue spraying manipulator 4 can rotate from the upper side of the glue dispensing platform 6 to the upper side of the support platform 27 and drive the nozzle 4a to move along the periphery of the support platform 27 according to a preset track so as to spray glue on the barrier cotton 3; and because the outline size of the supporting platform 27 is set to be identical with the outline size of the barrier cotton 3, the outer periphery 3b of the barrier cotton can be sprayed with glue just when the glue is sprayed.
As shown in fig. 14-17, the conveying rails 26 are respectively disposed on two sides of the dispensing base 24, the conveying frame 29 is a rectangular frame structure, and the conveying frame 29 is slidably connected between the two conveying rails 26; the carriage 29 is provided with a slide 29a on both sides, and the slide 29a is slidably connected to the transfer rail 26. The conveying frame 29 is configured to clamp the barrier cotton 3 and stably drive the barrier cotton 3 to slide along the conveying track 26, specifically: the profile size of carriage 29 is greater than the profile size of separation cotton 3 carriage 29 on be equipped with a plurality of and stretch out the cotton clamping jaw 30 of separation in carriage 29 inside, work as when carriage 29 moves to a supporting bench 27, separation cotton clamping jaw 30 is located a supporting bench 27's periphery, can effectively press from both sides and get separation cotton 3. The blocking cotton clamping jaw 30 comprises a control base 30a, and an upper clamping piece 30b and a lower clamping piece 30c which are respectively positioned at the upper end and the lower end are arranged on the control base 30 a; the control base 30a is a driving cylinder, and the upper jaw 30b and the lower jaw 30c can rotate in the vertical direction under the control of the driving cylinder, respectively. When the conveying frame 29 clamps the barrier cotton 3, the lower clamping piece 30c and the upper clamping piece 30b are driven to rotate towards each other to clamp the barrier cotton 3; when the separation cotton 3 is loosened, the lower clamping piece 30c and the upper clamping piece 30b are controlled to deviate from each other and rotate so as to loosen the separation cotton 3, and the structure is simple and effective. The lower clamping piece 30c is a clamping plate, when the barrier cotton 3 is clamped, the lower clamping piece 30c is in a horizontal state and can be horizontally contacted with the bottom surface of the barrier cotton 3, the barrier cotton 3 is prevented from being damaged during clamping, and the barrier cotton 3 is kept in a horizontal state after being clamped; the upper clamping piece 30b is correspondingly arranged in an L shape, so that the clamping effect between the upper clamping piece 30b and the lower clamping piece 30c is better, and the gap is eliminated; if the upper clamping piece 30b is also of a single-piece clamping plate structure, a gap is inevitably formed between the upper clamping piece 30b and the lower clamping piece 30c during installation, and the clamping effect is influenced; because the separation cotton 3 is soft slice material, so adopt upper clamping piece 30b and lower clamping piece 30c cooperation can effectual clamp to get separation cotton 3, when not destroying separation cotton 3, can effectively press from both sides and get separation cotton 3. As shown in fig. 16, a notch 31 is provided at a position of the support platform 27 corresponding to the blocking cotton clamping jaw 30 to avoid the movement of the lower clamping jaw 30c and the upper clamping jaw 30b, so that the portion of the blocking cotton 3 located in the notch 31 can be just clamped.
As shown in fig. 19 and 20, after the blocking cotton clamping jaw 30 clamps the blocking cotton 3, the blocking cotton 3 is in a suspended state, and the blocking cotton 3 is kept in a flat unfolded and non-loose state, so that the carriage 29 can stably grab the blocking cotton 3 and stably drive the blocking cotton 3 to move. In addition, in this embodiment, the separation cotton 3 has the narrow end of width narrower and the wide end of width broad, the carriage 29 be close to one side of narrow end and be equipped with 2 cotton clamping jaws 30 of separation, be equipped with two cotton clamping jaws 30 of separation respectively on two diagonal angles that carriage 29 is close to the wide end, can effectually snatch separation cotton 3. Furthermore, the number and the position of the blocking cotton clamping jaws 30 can be set according to the shape and the size of the blocking cotton 1, and the blocking cotton clamping jaws can be adapted to blocking cotton 3 in various shapes.
The specific blocking cotton glue spraying working process comprises the following steps: the supporting platform 27 can drive the barrier cotton 3 to move up and down, and the supporting platform 27 is provided with a preparation position at a low point and a working position at a high point; in the initial state, the support platform 27 is in the ready position, and the operator places the single block of barrier cotton 3 on the support platform 27; the carriage 29 will then move over the dispensing base 24 so that the barrier cotton gripper 30 is just around the support table 27; then the support platform 27 will drive the barrier cotton 3 to ascend to the working position, and under the working position, the barrier cotton 3 can be conveniently clamped by the barrier cotton clamping jaw 30. Subsequently, the glue spraying manipulator 3 sprays glue to the periphery of the barrier cotton 3 along a preset track; after the glue spraying is finished, the blocking cotton clamping jaws 30 clamp the blocking cotton 3, and the supporting platform 27 descends to the preparation position again; and the supporting platform 27 is always positioned below the conveying frame 29 (the supporting platform 27 only plays a role of bearing the barrier cotton 3 and does not interfere with the clamping and conveying of the barrier cotton 3); the conveyor 29 drives the barrier cotton to move to the package base 25 for further package processing.
As shown in fig. 21 to 30, the wrapping base 25 is provided with a floating mechanism, an up-down positioning mechanism, a side positioning mechanism, and a wrapping mechanism. Specifically, the floating mechanism includes a floating platform 32, a floating assembly connected to the floating platform 32 for enabling the floating platform 32 to move up and down; specifically, the upper surface of the floating platform 32 is matched with the seat surface of the seat frame 1, and the upper surface of the floating platform 32 is in a certain arc-shaped concave shape, so that the floating platform 32 has the function of positioning the seat frame 1, and the coating stability is good. The floating assembly is positioned below the floating platform 32 and comprises a guide plate 321, a floating guide rod 322 slidably penetrating through the guide plate 321, and a first elastic part 323 (adopting a spring) sleeved on the floating guide rod 322, wherein the upper end of the floating guide rod 322 is connected with the lower part of the floating platform 32, the upper end of the first elastic part 323 abuts against the lower surface of the floating platform 32, and the lower end of the first elastic part 323 abuts against the upper surface of the guide plate 321; a bottom plate 324 which is arranged perpendicular to the guide plate 321 is connected to the wrapping base 25, and the guide plate 321 is connected with the bottom plate 324 through a screw 325; the floating guide rods 322 comprise five evenly distributed guide rods, and the bottom plates 324 are arranged on two sides of the five floating guide rods 322; by this structure, the floating table 32 is pressed to move downward relative to the guide plate 321, and the floating table 32 is automatically moved upward and returned by the first elastic member 323.
As shown in fig. 22, 23, and 26, the up-down positioning mechanism includes a positioning plate 33 suspended above the floating platform 32, and a telescopic assembly connected above the positioning plate 33 for moving the positioning plate 33 up and down; the telescopic assembly comprises a vertically arranged telescopic driving electric cylinder 331, the positioning disc 33 is connected with a telescopic lead screw on the telescopic driving electric cylinder 331, a suspended supporting transverse plate 332 is arranged above the base 25, and the telescopic lead screw penetrates through the supporting transverse plate 332 and is connected to the positioning disc 33; the positioning disk 33 is further connected with telescopic guide rods 333 which are respectively located on two sides of the telescopic screw rod, and the telescopic guide rods 333 are slidably arranged through the supporting transverse plate 332, so that the stability of vertical displacement of the positioning disk 33 is effectively guaranteed. And, there are 4 sucking discs 33a evenly distributed on the bottom surface of the locating disc 33, and the sucking discs 33a are controlled by the corresponding controller, sensor, vacuum generator. As shown in fig. 13, when the positioning plate 33 works, the material taking manipulator 23 takes the seat frame 1 adhered with the sponge mat 2 from the material taking station 16 and transfers the seat frame onto the positioning plate 33; the seat frame 1 is moved to be sent to the position right below the positioning disc 33, when the sensor senses that the seat frame 1 exists, the controller controls the vacuum generator to be started, the sucking disc 33a enables the seat frame 1 to be adsorbed on the positioning disc 33, and the seat frame 1 is moved to the positioning disc 33; in order to further enhance the stability and accuracy of positioning, the four corners of the seat frame 1 are provided with the grooves 38, the four corners of the positioning plate 33 are correspondingly provided with positioning clamping columns 334 matched with the notches of the seat frame 1, the seat frame 1 is adsorbed by the positioning plate 33, and the positioning clamping columns 334 on the positioning plate 33 are respectively clamped in the notches of the seat frame 1, so that the seat frame 1 is stably limited on the positioning plate 33, and no deviation occurs.
As shown in fig. 21-27, when the conveyor 29 delivers the sprayed barrier cotton 3 to the wrapping base 25, the floating platform 32 will be located at the center of the barrier cotton 3; then, the blocking cotton 3 and the seat frame 1 are wrapped, the positioning disc 33 drives the seat frame 1 to move downwards, the seat frame 1 is sequentially contacted with the blocking cotton 3 and the floating platform 32 and acts on the floating platform 32 to move downwards, and the blocking cotton 3 and the seat surface of the seat frame 1 are tightly attached to wrap the seat frame; and the blocking cotton clamping jaw 30 can be timely loosened along with the pressing-down action of the seat frame 1. The side positioning mechanism comprises a positioning side plate 34 which is positioned on the peripheral side wall of the floating platform 32 and used for abutting the inner peripheral edge 3a of the barrier cotton on the side wall 101 of the seat frame, and when the positioning disk 33 acts on the seat frame 1 and the floating platform 32 to descend continuously, the positioning side plate 23 enables the inner peripheral edge 3a of the barrier cotton to be turned upwards relative to the seat frame 1 and abut on the periphery of the side wall 101 of the seat frame.
As shown in fig. 27-30, the wrapping mechanism includes four wrapping pushing assemblies 35 located on four sides of the floating platform 32, the wrapping pushing assemblies 35 include a sliding pressing plate 36 located on the wrapping base 25 and a push-pull driving electric cylinder 37 capable of driving the sliding pressing plate 36 to move back and forth towards the center of the floating platform 32; specifically, the sliding platen 36 is driven to move toward the center of the floating platform 32 to further press and wrap the barrier cotton 3 on the rim bottom surface periphery 102. The sliding pressure plate 36 is further provided with a wrapping driving cylinder 361, a connecting plate 362 connected with a driving air rod on the wrapping driving cylinder 361, and a wrapping plate 363 which is positioned at the end part of the sliding pressure plate and hinged with the connecting plate 362; the connecting plate 362 is connected with a first hinge pin 3601, the first hinge pin 3601 is hinged with a first hinge 3602, the wrapping plate 363 is connected with a second hinge 3603, and the first hinge 3602 and the second hinge 3603 are hinged through a second hinge pin 3604; as shown in fig. 29, when the wrapping driving air rod 361 pushes the connecting plate 362 to make the wrapping plate 363 turn downward relative to the sliding pressing plate 36, the blocking cotton outer periphery 3b can be further pressed on the inner side wall of the bottom groove 103 of the seat frame, and the blocking cotton outer periphery 3b is sprayed with glue, so that the blocking cotton outer periphery 3b will be bonded with the seat frame 1, thereby completing the wrapping and bonding of the blocking cotton 3 and the seat frame 1, and the two will not be separated; after the blocking cotton 3 and the seat frame 1 are wrapped, the positioning disc 33 rises to reset, and the sliding pressing plate 36 and the wrapping plate 363 move to reset simultaneously; the floating platform 32 will elastically return and drive the seat frame 1 to move upwards. Further, after the material taking manipulator 23 transfers the seat frame 1 to the positioning plate 33, the material taking manipulator 23 simultaneously grabs the seat frame 1 which is wrapped on the floating platform 32, so as to continue to wrap the next seat frame 1. The material taking manipulator 23 can transfer the seat frame 1 which needs to be wrapped by the blocking cotton 3 to the positioning disc 33, so that the seat frame is adsorbed by the positioning disc 33, the finished seat frame 1 after the cladding is finished can be taken away, a plurality of material taking devices are not required to be arranged, and the working ring is buckled strictly and orderly.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, blocking cotton dispensing and wrapping devices B are arranged on two sides of the sponge mat bonding and conveying device a; through mutual cooperation work of two separation cotton point glue package devices B and a foam-rubber cushion bonding conveyor A, the machining efficiency of improvement seat frame 1 that can step forward improves the productivity. During the operation, only need be equipped with two operating personnel, an operating personnel is located some gluey platform 6 departments, puts into earlier foam-rubber cushion 2 and places station 7 departments, treats that foam-rubber cushion 2 accomplishes and spouts gluey back, puts into seat frame 1 and foam-rubber cushion 2 bonding once more, then will send into the seat frame that bonds well with foam-rubber cushion 2 and carry track 5 and accomplish once only operation promptly, repeat above-mentioned operation can, easy operation is light. Another operating personnel is located some glue base 24 department, only need be responsible for with the cotton 3 of separation smooth put into supporting bench 27 can, it is more convenient to operate. Can realize seat frame 1's automatic parcel processing basically, compare with the processing mode of traditional artifical point, bonding, transport, parcel, undoubtedly greatly released the labour, improved production efficiency.

Claims (16)

1. A seat frame automated parcel system, comprising:
the sponge cushion bonding and conveying device comprises a glue dispensing table for bonding the seat frame with the sponge cushion, a glue spraying manipulator and a conveying track for conveying the seat frame; a placing station for supporting the sponge cushion and the seat frame is arranged on the dispensing table; the glue dispensing table is positioned at the front end of the conveying track, and the conveying track is positioned below the placing station; the sponge cushion is placed on the placing station in advance, glue spraying treatment is carried out by the glue spraying manipulator, and after glue spraying is finished, the seat frame is placed on the placing station and bonded with the sponge cushion; the placing station comprises a fixed supporting part and a rotating supporting part which are used for supporting the seat frame; after the spongy cushion is bonded with the seat frame, the rotating support part rotates downwards to enable the seat frame to slide downwards to the conveying track; a material taking station is arranged at the rear end of the conveying rail, and the seat frame is conveyed by the conveying rail and stays on the material taking station;
the barrier cotton dispensing and wrapping device comprises a dispensing base, a wrapping base and a conveying track connected between the dispensing base and the wrapping base; the conveying rail is provided with a conveying frame capable of moving along the conveying rail, and the conveying frame is provided with a plurality of blocking cotton clamping jaws; the dispensing base is provided with a supporting table which can support and drive the barrier cotton to move up and down; the glue spraying manipulator is configured to be capable of freely lifting and rotating and spraying glue on the barrier cotton on the support platform; after the glue spraying of the barrier cotton is finished, the barrier cotton is clamped by a barrier cotton clamping jaw and is conveyed to a package base by a conveying frame; the supporting table correspondingly ascends and descends in response to the movement of the conveying frame;
the loading and unloading device is arranged between the material taking station and the wrapping base; the automatic seat frame grabbing device comprises a material taking manipulator for grabbing a seat frame, wherein a material taking frame is arranged at the free end of the material taking manipulator, the material taking frame is provided with at least two grabbing units, and a single grabbing unit can grab one seat frame at a time; the material taking manipulator clamps and transfers the seat frame adhered with the spongy cushion at the material taking station to a packaging base for packaging;
the wrapping base is provided with a floating mechanism, an up-down positioning mechanism, a side positioning mechanism and a wrapping mechanism; the floating mechanism comprises a floating platform capable of being adjusted in an up-and-down displacement mode, and the barrier cotton is moved to the floating platform by the conveying frame; the upper and lower positioning mechanisms comprise positioning discs which are suspended above the floating platform and can move up and down, and the material taking manipulator transfers and connects the seat frame at the material taking station to the positioning discs; the positioning disc can drive the seat frame to move downwards so that the seat frame and the barrier cotton are positioned between the positioning disc and the floating platform from top to bottom; the side positioning mechanism comprises a positioning side plate positioned on the side wall of the floating platform, and the positioning disc is continuously pressed down to enable the positioning side plate to tightly support the inner periphery of the barrier cotton on the side wall of the seat frame; the wrapping mechanism comprises a wrapping push-pull assembly arranged around the floating platform, the wrapping push-pull assembly can move towards the center of the floating platform, and the outer periphery of the blocking cotton protruding out of the outer side of the inner periphery of the blocking cotton on the upper end of the side wall of the seat frame is wrapped at the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame.
2. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the placing station is arranged in the middle of the dispensing base station; the fixed supporting part is always in a horizontal state, the rotating supporting part is positioned at the rear end of the fixed supporting part, and the rotating supporting part can be kept in a horizontal state or can rotate downwards relative to the fixed supporting part; and the two sides of the rotating support part are provided with slide ways which are obliquely arranged downwards in a mirror image manner; the rotating support part rotates downwards to enable the seat frame to slide downwards into the conveying track along the slide way.
3. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 2, wherein: an electric push rod connected with the rotating support part is arranged below the glue dispensing table, and the electric push rod can support the rotating support part to enable the rotating support part to be kept in a horizontal state; the electric push rod is contracted to drive the rotating support part to rotate downwards.
4. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the material taking station is provided with a jacking supporting platform capable of moving up and down, and the front end of the material taking station is also provided with a baffle capable of being adjusted in a lifting mode; the jacking support table has a working state and an undetermined state, in the working state, the jacking support table ascends to support the seat frame positioned on the material taking station away from the conveying rail, the baffle plate synchronously ascends to block other seat frames positioned on the conveying rail, and the material taking manipulator grabs the seat frame supported by the jacking support table; and under the undetermined state, the jacking supporting table and the baffle descend and reset to the lower part of the conveying track.
5. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 4, wherein: the conveying track comprises two conveying belts which are arranged at intervals at the left and the right, and the two conveying belts keep synchronous motion; jacking saddle and baffle all set up between two conveyer belts, and jacking saddle lower extreme is connected with the first electric jar of its lift of control, and the baffle lower extreme is connected with the second electric jar of its lift of control.
6. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the support table is provided with a preparation position at a low position and a working position at a high position; the separation cotton is placed on the support table in advance, the support table is located at a preparation position, when the conveying frame moves to the glue dispensing base, the support table drives the separation cotton to ascend to a working position, and the glue spraying manipulator moves along the periphery of the support table according to a preset track to spray glue on the periphery of the separation cotton; after the glue spraying is finished, the blocking cotton is clamped by the conveying frame, and the supporting table is lowered to the preparation position again; the conveying frame drives the blocking cotton to move right above the floating platform.
7. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the conveying frame is of a rectangular frame structure; when the conveying frame moves to the dispensing base, the cotton blocking clamping jaws are located around the supporting table; when the carriage moves to the package base, the barrier cotton jaws are positioned around the floating table.
8. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the blocking cotton clamping jaw comprises a base, an upper clamping piece and a lower clamping piece are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the base, and the upper clamping piece and the lower clamping piece can rotate relative to the base in the vertical direction; the lower clamping piece and the upper clamping piece rotate oppositely to clamp the blocking cotton, and the lower clamping piece and the upper clamping piece deviate from each other to rotate to loosen the blocking cotton.
9. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the material taking frame is of a rectangular structure, two adjacent grabbing units are arranged on the material taking frame, and a single material taking unit comprises two clamping jaws and three suction nozzles; the two clamping jaws are positioned on the same side of the grabbing unit, and the three suction nozzles are distributed in a triangular shape.
10. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the positioning plate is provided with a sucker, and the seat frame is provided with a bottom groove; the positioning disc can be positioned in the bottom groove of the seat frame and can adsorb the seat frame through the sucking disc.
11. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 10, wherein: the four corners of the seat frame are provided with grooves, and the positioning disc is correspondingly provided with positioning clamping columns which can be downwards clamped in the grooves.
12. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the floating mechanism further comprises a floating assembly connected below the floating platform and used for achieving vertical displacement of the floating platform, the floating assembly comprises a guide plate arranged at the bottom of the wrapping base, a floating guide rod penetrating the guide plate in a sliding mode, and a first elastic piece sleeved on the floating guide rod, the upper end of the floating guide rod is connected with the lower portion of the floating platform, the upper end of the first elastic piece abuts against the lower surface of the floating platform, and the lower end of the first elastic piece abuts against the upper surface of the guide plate.
13. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the parcel pushing and pressing assembly is respectively arranged on the periphery of the floating platform and comprises a sliding pressing plate arranged on the parcel base and a push-pull driving electric cylinder capable of driving the sliding pressing plate to move back and forth towards the center direction of the floating platform; the sliding pressing plate moves towards the center of the floating platform to press and wrap the periphery of the blocking cotton on the periphery of the bottom surface of the seat frame.
14. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 13, wherein: the sliding pressing plate is also provided with a connecting plate, a wrapping plate which is positioned at the end part of the sliding pressing plate and is hinged with the connecting plate, and a wrapping driving cylinder which can drive the connecting plate to move; the parcel actuating cylinder can promote the connecting plate and remove so that the parcel board overturns downwards relative to the clamp plate that slides for separation cotton outer peripheral edge continues to be pressed and bonds on the inside wall of seat frame bottom recess.
15. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: the sponge cushion bonding and conveying device and the blocking cotton dispensing and wrapping device are arranged in parallel and side by side; and both sides of the spongy cushion bonding and conveying device are provided with separating cotton dispensing devices.
16. A seat frame automated packaging system according to claim 1, wherein: after the material taking manipulator transfers the seat frame on the material taking station to the positioning plate, the material taking manipulator simultaneously grabs and separates the seat frame which is wrapped at the floating platform.
CN202111140538.9A 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 Seat frame automatic parcel system Active CN113979117B (en)

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CN114985206A (en) * 2022-06-22 2022-09-02 上海贽匠智能科技有限公司 Bonding and edge covering integrated system for seat frame and processing method
CN115071246A (en) * 2022-06-22 2022-09-20 上海贽匠智能科技有限公司 Edge covering system for seat frame

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CN114985206A (en) * 2022-06-22 2022-09-02 上海贽匠智能科技有限公司 Bonding and edge covering integrated system for seat frame and processing method
CN115071246A (en) * 2022-06-22 2022-09-20 上海贽匠智能科技有限公司 Edge covering system for seat frame

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