CN106184878B - Ceramic tile automated packaging equipment - Google Patents

Ceramic tile automated packaging equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106184878B
CN106184878B CN201610737461.6A CN201610737461A CN106184878B CN 106184878 B CN106184878 B CN 106184878B CN 201610737461 A CN201610737461 A CN 201610737461A CN 106184878 B CN106184878 B CN 106184878B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
carton
cylinder
ceramic tile
sucker
unpacking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610737461.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106184878A (en
Inventor
曾庆龙
魏书云
袁平
欧尘
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Shenli Precision Machine Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Shenli Precision Machine Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Shenzhen Shenli Precision Machine Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Shenli Precision Machine Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610737461.6A priority Critical patent/CN106184878B/en
Publication of CN106184878A publication Critical patent/CN106184878A/en
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Publication of CN106184878B publication Critical patent/CN106184878B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B23/00Packaging fragile or shock-sensitive articles other than bottles; Unpacking eggs
    • B65B23/20Packaging plate glass, tiles, or shingles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/10Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles
    • B65B35/20Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles by reciprocating or oscillatory pushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/12Feeding flexible bags or carton blanks in flat or collapsed state; Feeding flat bags connected to form a series or chain
    • B65B43/14Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines
    • B65B43/16Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers
    • B65B43/18Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers by suction-operated grippers
    • B65B43/185Feeding individual bags or carton blanks from piles or magazines by grippers by suction-operated grippers specially adapted for carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/26Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks
    • B65B43/30Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks by grippers engaging opposed walls, e.g. suction-operated
    • B65B43/305Opening or distending bags; Opening, erecting, or setting-up boxes, cartons, or carton blanks by grippers engaging opposed walls, e.g. suction-operated specially adapted for boxes, cartons or carton blanks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/46Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/26Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for marking or coding completed packages

Abstract

The present invention is suitable for packing technique field, provides a kind of ceramic tile automated packaging equipment.The equipment includes the carton for stacking folded state and carton is fixed the carton feed mechanism of conveying, for by the unpacking mechanism of the carton of folded state opening and for placing ceramic tile and ceramic tile being promoted to the brick-pushing mechanism in the carton of opening state, carton feed mechanism is located at the side for the mechanism that unpacks, and brick-pushing mechanism is located at the lower section for the mechanism that unpacks.The carton of folded state of the present invention by carton feed mechanism by stacking on it is fixed, and by transporting paper to the lower section of unpacking mechanism, the carton of folded state is opened by the mechanism that unpacks again, in the carton that the ceramic tile being placed on it is promoted to opening state finally by brick-pushing mechanism, to complete the automatic packaging of ceramic tile, have the advantages that production efficiency is high.

Description

Ceramic tile automated packaging equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to packing technique field more particularly to a kind of ceramic tile automated packaging equipments.
Background technology
Tile industry is rapidly developed in last century end, and with the continuous innovation of production technology, China has become generation Boundary is maximum to build pottery production base.Wherein, ceramic tile is widely used on building, to promote the demand of ceramic tile constantly to increase Add, ceramic tile manufacturing enterprise is also on the increase therewith.
In tile packs process, most of enterprise still uses traditional artificial packet carried and cased to ceramic tile Fill operating type.However, Manual Packaging ceramic tile requires manual physical relatively high, the amount of labour is big, worker for a long time, high intensity Work during inevitably will produce sense tired out, cause physically-draining, it is difficult to keep attention to concentrate for a long time, lead to ceramic tile Production efficiency is relatively low, and Manual Packaging is easily damaged carton, causes product packaging appearance consistency poor.In addition to this, it is wrapping Dust is easy tod produce in dress production environment, worker is in dust atmosphere for a long time, potential healthy hidden danger.
Invention content
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in provide a kind of ceramic tile automated packaging equipment that production efficiency is high.
The invention is realized in this way a kind of ceramic tile automated packaging equipment, includes for stacking the carton of folded state simultaneously Carton is fixed into the carton feed mechanism of conveying, for by the unpacking mechanism of the carton opening of folded state and for placing porcelain Brick and by ceramic tile promote opening state carton in brick-pushing mechanism;The carton feed mechanism is located at the one of the unpacking mechanism Side, the brick-pushing mechanism are located at the lower section of the unpacking mechanism.
The unpacking mechanism includes unpack cylinder, rocker-arm link mechanism, cylinder saddle, sucker fixed frame and upper unpacking suction Disk;The unpacking cylinder is fixed on the cylinder saddle, and the piston rod of the unpacking cylinder drives the rocker-arm link mechanism One end drive its other end to rotate, the other end of the rocker-arm link mechanism and the sucker fixed frame are hinged, it is described on open Case sucker is fixed on sucker fixed frame.
Further, the carton feed mechanism includes taking carton mechanism, being used for for the carton for holding up folded state By elastic lifting mechanism that the carton of picking-up lifts and for fixing and conveying the undermost carton held up Transport mechanism;The lower section for taking carton mechanism to be located at the elastic lifting mechanism with the transport mechanism, the conveyer Structure is taken described between carton mechanism.
It is further, described that take carton mechanism include several carton sucker, two pieces of connecting plates and two being taken to take carton gas Cylinder;The connecting plate takes described in being fixed on the piston rod of carton cylinder, several fixations for taking carton sucker spaced On the connecting plate.
Further, the elastic lifting mechanism includes several lifting cylinder, being lifted for the carton to folded state Several insertion apparatus risen, two pieces of carton supporting boards of the carton for stacking folded state and the paper for ensureing folded state Two block baffles that case is neatly placed.
Two pieces of carton supporting boards are located at the both sides for taking carton mechanism, and two block baffle is separately fixed at institute The both sides of two pieces of carton supporting boards are stated, several cylinders that lift are separately fixed in two block baffle, and the insertion apparatus is solid It is scheduled on described lift on the piston rod of cylinder.
Further, the insertion apparatus includes Antiskid platform, several contact pins and several elastic block pieces;The Antiskid platform is solid It is lifted on the piston rod of cylinder described in being scheduled on, the contact pin is each attached to the elastic block piece on the Antiskid platform, the bullet Property catch is located at the lower section of the contact pin, and flexible deformation can occur under the action of stress.
Further, the transport mechanism includes transmission pedestal, mobile carton device and mobile carton sucker;The biography Send pedestal setting it is described take carton mechanism between, the mobile carton device is mounted on the transmission pedestal, and can be along institute The length direction movement of transmission pedestal is stated, the mobile carton sucker is fixed on the mobile carton device.
Further, the rocker-arm link mechanism includes drive rod, connecting rod and by drive rod, and the one of the drive rod End is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the unpacking cylinder, and one end of the connecting rod is rotatably connected on the drive rod, The other end is fixedly connected by one end of drive rod by shaft with described, and the other end by drive rod is fixed with the sucker Frame is hinged.
Further, brick-pushing mechanism includes that pushing hands, actuator servo module and the idler wheel for placing ceramic tile transmit seat, institute The top that idler wheel transmission seat is fixed on the actuator servo module is stated, the actuator servo module drives the pushing hands along the rolling The length direction movement of wheel transmission seat.
Further, the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment further includes the vanning auxiliary machine being smoothly packed into convenient for ceramic tile in carton Structure, the vanning auxiliary body are located at the side of the unpacking mechanism, and positioned at the top of brick-pushing mechanism.
Further, the vanning auxiliary body includes the upper guiding mechanism and lower guide mechanism being oppositely arranged, it is described on Several upper conducting bars and the side conducting bar positioned at the upper conducting bar both sides are installed on guiding mechanism, installed on the lower guide mechanism There is lower conducting bar.
Further, the upper guiding mechanism includes being oriented to fixed seat, the first sliding connecting base and upper guide cylinder, institute It states guide cylinder to be mounted in guiding fixed seat, first sliding connecting base is slidably mounted in the guiding fixed seat On, the piston rod of the upper guide cylinder is fixedly connected with first sliding connecting base, and the upper conducting bar is fixed with side conducting bar On first sliding connecting base.
The lower guide mechanism includes track base, the second sliding connecting base and lower guide cylinder, and second sliding connects Joint chair is slidably mounted on the track base, and the piston rod of the lower guide cylinder is fixed with second sliding connecting base Connection, the lower conducting bar are fixed on second sliding connecting base.
Further, the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment further includes that the carton for conveying the carton feed mechanism passes It send to the carton conveying device below the unpacking mechanism, is equipped on the carton conveying device and is opened under carton for drawing Case sucker, the lower unpacking sucker are located at the underface of the unpacking mechanism.
Further, the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment further includes that and can will put back for detecting whether carton puts back The carton counnter attack mechanism that carton is removed, carton counnter attack mechanism are located at the carton feed mechanism and the unpacking mechanism Between, and positioned at the top of the carton conveying device.
Further, carton counnter attack mechanism includes sucker moving assembly, rejects carton sucker, is for detecting carton No inductor in place in place and the positive and negative recognition component whether put back for detecting carton;The rejecting carton sucker installation On the sucker moving assembly, the sucker moving assembly is located at the top of the carton conveying device, described to incude in place Device and positive and negative recognition component are located at the side of the sucker moving assembly.
Further, the sucker moving assembly includes cylinder mount frame, transverse shifting cylinder, longitudinal movement cylinder, cunning Dynamic seat and suction cup carrier, the sliding seat are fixed on the cylinder mount frame, and the sliding seat is slidably mounted in described It on cylinder mount frame, and is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the transverse shifting cylinder, the longitudinal movement cylinder is mounted on institute It states on sliding seat, the suction cup carrier is fixedly mounted on the piston rod of the longitudinal movement cylinder, the rejecting carton sucker peace In the suction cup carrier.
Further, the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment further includes the printing for the printing production relevant information on carton Mechanism, the printed mechanism fill between carton counnter attack mechanism and the unpacking mechanism, and positioned at carton conveying The top set.
Further, the printed mechanism include seal, printing lateral cylinder, printing longitudinal cylinder, printing fixed seat with And printing sliding seat, the printing lateral cylinder are fixedly mounted in the printing fixed seat, the printing sliding seat is slidably Ground is mounted in the printing fixed seat, and is fixedly connected with the printing longitudinal cylinder, and the seal is fixedly connected on described On the piston rod for printing longitudinal cylinder.
Compared with prior art, the present invention advantageous effect is:The present invention will be stacked on it by carton feed mechanism The carton of folded state fix, and by transporting paper to the lower section of unpacking mechanism, then by the mechanism that unpacks by folded state Carton is opened, in the carton that the ceramic tile being placed on it is promoted to opening state finally by brick-pushing mechanism, to complete ceramic tile Automatic packaging, have the advantages that production efficiency is high.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is ceramic tile automated packaging equipment overall structure diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the carton feed mechanism schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that the insertion apparatus in Fig. 2 is mounted on the schematic diagram lifted on cylinder;
Fig. 4 is to take carton structural scheme of mechanism in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the transport mechanism schematic diagram in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is the carton conveying device schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is carton counnter attack mechanism and printed mechanism schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the unpacking structural scheme of mechanism in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the vanning auxiliary body schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is the brick-pushing mechanism schematic diagram in Fig. 1.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, being a preferred embodiment of ceramic tile automated packaging equipment provided in an embodiment of the present invention, the ceramic tile is certainly Dynamic packaging facilities includes the carton A for stacking folded state and carton A is fixed the carton feed mechanism 1 of conveying, for inciting somebody to action Carton feed mechanism 1 conveys the carton A to come and is sent to the carton conveying device 2 of 5 lower section of unpacking mechanism, for detecting carton A Whether put back and can by carton counnter attack mechanism 3 that the carton A put back is removed, for the related letter of printing production on carton A The printed mechanism 4 of breath, the unpacking mechanism 5 for opening the carton A of folded state are smoothly packed into convenient for ceramic tile B in carton A Vanning auxiliary body 6 and for placing ceramic tile B and ceramic tile B being promoted to the brick-pushing mechanism 7 in the carton A of opening state.Wherein, Carton feed mechanism 1, carton counnter attack mechanism 3, printed mechanism 4 are respectively positioned on the side of unpacking mechanism 5, and printed mechanism 4 is close to unpacking Mechanism 5, carton counnter attack mechanism 3 is between carton feed mechanism 1 and printed mechanism 4.Auxiliary body 6 case positioned at the mechanism that unpacks 5 other side, brick-pushing mechanism 7 are located at the lower section of unpack mechanism 5 and vanning auxiliary body 6.Carton counnter attack mechanism 3, printer Structure 4, the mechanism that unpacks 5 are respectively positioned on the top of carton conveying device 2, and carton feed mechanism 1 is located at one end of carton conveying device 2.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 2, the carton feed mechanism 1 of the embodiment of the present invention includes the paper for holding up folded state Case A's takes carton mechanism 10, the elastic lifting mechanism 20 for lifting the carton A of picking-up and for that will hold up most The transport mechanism 30 that the carton A of lower layer is fixed and conveyed.Carton mechanism 10 is taken to be located at elastic lifting machine with transport mechanism 30 The lower section of structure 20, transport mechanism 30, which is located at, to be taken between carton mechanism 10.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 3, the elastic lifting mechanism 20 of the embodiment of the present invention lifts cylinder 21, is used for including several Two pieces of carton supports of several insertion apparatus 22 that the carton A of folded state is lifted, the carton A for stacking folded state Plate 23 and two block baffles 24 neatly placed for ensureing the carton A of folded state.Two pieces of carton supporting boards 23 are mutually parallel, The both sides for taking carton mechanism 10 are located at, two block baffles 24 are arranged in parallel, are separately fixed at two pieces of carton supporting boards 23 Both sides, so as to which a stacker case A is placed on two pieces of carton supporting boards 23, and by the position-limiting action of two block baffles 24 can will Stacker case A neatly stacks.Several cylinders 21 that lift are separately fixed at by support base 25 in two block baffles 24, insertion apparatus 22 It is fixed on the piston rod for lifting cylinder 21, insertion apparatus 22 is pushed by lifting cylinder 21, horizontal to being carried out between two block baffles 24 To movement.In the present embodiment, there are two spaced insertion apparatus 22 for distribution in each block baffle 24.
In above-described embodiment, insertion apparatus 22 includes Antiskid platform 221, several contact pins 222 and several elastic block pieces 223. Antiskid platform 221 is fixed on the piston rod for lifting cylinder 21, and transverse shifting is carried out by lifting the control of cylinder 21.Contact pin 222 and bullet Property catch 223 be each attached on Antiskid platform 221, drive contact pin 222 and elastic block piece 223 to carry out transverse shifting by Antiskid platform 221 It is inserted into from the both sides of carton A, Antiskid platform 221 plays carton A certain fixed function.Elastic block piece 223 is located at contact pin 222 Flexible deformation can occur under the action of stress for lower section, elastic block piece 223.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 4, the embodiment of the present invention takes carton mechanism 10 to take 11, two pieces of carton sucker including several Connecting plate 12 and two take carton cylinder 13.The middle part of connecting plate 12 is fixed on the piston rod for taking carton cylinder 13, by taking Carton cylinder 13 drives connecting plate 12 to move up and down.It is several to take carton sucker 11 is spaced to be fixed on connecting plate 12, if It is dry that carton sucker 11 is taken to be evenly distributed on connecting plate 12.So as to by taking carton cylinder 13 to be drivingly connected plate 12, connection The drive of plate 12 takes carton sucker 11 to move up, to be sucked in the stacker case A being placed on two pieces of carton supporting boards 23 most Bottom carton A, and stacker case A can be lifted and continued to move up, to be moved to and the 22 comparable position of height of insertion apparatus.It should Stacker case A can be protected during moving up by two block baffles 24 positioned at two pieces of 23 both sides of carton supporting board well The movement for demonstrate,proving stacker case A is steady.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 5, the transport mechanism 30 of the embodiment of the present invention includes transmission pedestal 31, mobile carton device 32 and mobile carton sucker 33.It transmits pedestal 31 to be arranged between taking carton mechanism 10, mobile carton device 32, which is mounted on, to be passed It send on pedestal 31, and can be moved along the length direction of transmission pedestal 31, mobile carton sucker 33 is fixed on mobile carton device 32 On.Mobile carton device 32 in the present embodiment includes driving motor 322, conveyer belt 323, mobile base 324, mobile carton Cylinder 325 and Sucking disc stand 326.Mobile carton sucker 33 is mounted on Sucking disc stand 326, and Sucking disc stand 326 is fixed on shifting On the piston rod of dynamic carton cylinder 325, mobile carton cylinder 325 is fixed in mobile base 324, and mobile base 324 is slidably Ground is mounted on transmission pedestal 31, and driving motor 322 is fixedly mounted on transmission pedestal 31, and driving motor 322 drives conveyer belt 323 run on transmission pedestal 31, and mobile base 324 is fixedly connected with conveyer belt 323, to which conveyer belt 323 can drive movement Pedestal 324 moves on transmission pedestal 31.In other embodiments, driving motor 322 drives conveyer belt 323 to drive movement The mode of pedestal 324 also can drive mobile base 324 to replace by lead screw sliding track mechanism.
In conclusion above-mentioned 1 operation principle of carton feed mechanism is as follows:By the way that a stacker case A is manually placed on paper On case supporting plate 23, takes the piston rod elongation drive connection drive of plate 12 of carton cylinder 13 that carton sucker 11 is taken to move up and be sucked most The bottom of lower layer carton A, and stacker case A jack-up is moved up, away from carton supporting board 23.When the most bottoms stacker case A When the height of 1-2 carton A of layer is reached between contact pin 222 and elastic block piece 223, carton cylinder 13 is taken to stop being drivingly connected plate 12 move up, at this point, lifting 21 Anti-slip regulation platform 221 of cylinder carries out transverse shifting, if driving several contact pins 222 and dry elasticity Catch 223 is inserted into from the both sides of stacker case A.In this way, being plugged with 1-2 carton A between contact pin 222 and elastic block piece 223, wait for After contact pin 222 holds up the carton A on upper layer, takes the piston rod of carton cylinder 13 to shrink and connecting plate 12 is driven to move down, to Make that carton sucker 11 is taken to move down the undermost carton A being sucked, a undermost carton A was being moved down Cheng Zhong, the active force that elastic block piece 223 is moved down by a undermost carton A occur elastic deformation later, make the paper Case A can be moved down successfully, and after carton A is moved to the lower section of elastic block piece 223, elastic block piece 223 restores elasticity The carton A above carton A is caught in deformation, and elastic block piece 223, which ensure that every time, only has undermost a piece of paper case A to be taken Carton sucker 11 siphons away.After taking carton sucker 11 that undermost carton A is placed on carton supporting board 23, mobile carton cylinder 325 driving movement carton suckers 33 move up the carton A for being sucked and being placed on carton supporting board 23, and it is defeated to be moved to carton It send on device 2, is conveyed by carton conveying device 2.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 6, it is equipped on the carton conveying device 2 of the embodiment of the present invention for drawing carton A's Unpacking sucker (not shown) down, lower unpacking sucker are located at the underface for the mechanism 5 that unpacks.Carton in the embodiment of the present invention is defeated It includes feeder motor 201, carriage 202 and creeper band 203 to send device 2.Feeder motor 201 is fixed on carriage 202, 201 Anti-slip regulation belt 203 of feeder motor is run on carriage 202, and creeper band 203 is used to convey the carton of folded state A and the carton A for being loaded into ceramic tile B are delivered to next process.It is provided in the opposite sides of carriage 202 for guiding paper The guiding shelves item 204 that case A is moved in parallel enables carton A to stablize conveying on creeper band 203.As the carton A of folded state When transporting to the lower section of unpacking mechanism 5, carton A is sucked lower unpacking sucker, coordinates unpacking mechanism 5 by the carton A of folded state It opens.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 7, the carton counnter attack mechanism 3 of the embodiment of the present invention includes sucker moving assembly 301, rejects Carton sucker 302, for detect carton A whether inductor in place 303 in place and for detecting whether carton A puts back just Anti- recognition component 304.It rejects carton sucker 302 to be mounted on sucker moving assembly 301, sucker moving assembly 301 is located at carton The top of conveying device 2, inductor 303 and positive and negative recognition component 304 are located at the side of sucker moving assembly 301 in place.Wherein, Sucker moving assembly 301 includes cylinder mount frame 3011, transverse shifting cylinder 3012, longitudinal movement cylinder 3013, sliding seat 3014 and suction cup carrier 3015.Sliding seat 3014 is fixed on cylinder mount frame 3011, and sliding seat 3014 is slidably mounted in It on cylinder mount frame 3011, and is fixedly connected with the piston rod of transverse shifting cylinder 3012, longitudinal movement cylinder 3013 is installed On sliding seat 3014, suction cup carrier 3015 is fixedly mounted on the piston rod of longitudinal movement cylinder 3013, rejects carton sucker 302 In suction cup carrier 3015.
In the present embodiment, positive and negative recognition component 304 is counnter attack inductor, in place inductor 303 and counnter attack inductor phase Mutual cooperating, while detecting carton A in place, whether counnter attack inductor detection carton A puts back inductor 303 in place, with Ensure being normally carried out for next process.When detecting that carton A is put back, pass through transverse shifting cylinder 3012 and longitudinal movement gas Cylinder 3013 drives rejecting carton sucker 302 to remove the carton A put back.In other embodiments, counnter attack inductor detects just Instead alternatively at visual identity is positive and negative or bar code scan detection is positive and negative.
In above-described embodiment, printed mechanism 4 includes seal 41, printing lateral cylinder 42, printing longitudinal cylinder 43, prints admittedly Reservation 44 and printing sliding seat 45.Printing lateral cylinder 42 is fixedly mounted in printing fixed seat 44, and printing sliding seat 45 can It is slidably mounted in printing fixed seat 44, and is fixedly connected with printing longitudinal cylinder 43, it is vertical that seal 41 is fixedly connected on printing To on the piston rod of cylinder 43.In this way, after positive and negative recognition component 304 detects qualified carton A, printing lateral cylinder 42 with It prints longitudinal cylinder 43 and drives the production such as the printing date relevant information on qualified carton A of seal 41.Later, carton conveying dress It sets 2 and the carton A that printing is completed is delivered to the lower section of unpacking mechanism 5, and carton A is sucked by fixation by lower unpacking sucker.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 8, the unpacking mechanism 5 of the embodiment of the present invention includes unpack cylinder 51, rocker-arm link mechanism 52, cylinder saddle 53, sucker fixed frame 54 and upper unpacking sucker 55.Cylinder 51 of unpacking is fixed on cylinder saddle 53, is passed through Unpack one end of piston rod driving rocker-arm link mechanism 52 of cylinder 51 drives its other end to rotate, rocker-arm link mechanism 52 it is another One end is hinged with sucker fixed frame 54, so as to drive sucker fixed frame 54 to move.Upper unpacking sucker 55 is fixed on sucker and fixes On frame 54, sucker fixed frame 54 drives sucker 55 of unpacking to move, the upper surface for carton A to be sucked.Specifically, rocker-arm link Mechanism 52 is including drive rod 521, connecting rod 522 and by drive rod 523, the work of one end of drive rod 521 and unpacking cylinder 51 Stopper rod is fixedly connected, and one end of connecting rod 522 is rotatably connected on drive rod 521, the other end with by the one of drive rod 523 End is fixedly connected by shaft (not shown), and shaft is threaded through on cylinder saddle 53, by the other end of drive rod 523 and suction Disk fixed frame 54 is hinged.
Above-mentioned 5 operation principle of unpacking mechanism is as follows:When the piston rod stretching of cylinder 51 is unpacked in control, drive rod 521 One end of drive connection bar 522 rotates, and is rotated by drive rod 523 to enable shaft to drive, and then sucker can be made to fix Frame 54 drives sucker 55 of unpacking to move down, and simultaneously toward Forward;Upper unpacking sucker 55 will be fixed on carton conveying device 2 The upper surfaces carton A be sucked after, the piston rod for controlling the cylinder 51 of unpacking is retracted, and the driving of drive rod 521 is by drive rod 523 along anti- Direction rotates, and to make sucker fixed frame 54 that sucker 55 of unpacking be driven to move up, and moves backward simultaneously, and then open carton A waits for that ceramic tile B is packed into from the opening of carton A in carton A.
Please referring collectively to shown in Fig. 9, the vanning auxiliary body 6 of the embodiment of the present invention includes the upper guiding mechanism being oppositely arranged 61 and lower guide mechanism 62, several upper conducting bars 63 and the side conducting bar positioned at upper conducting bar both sides are installed on upper guiding mechanism 61 64, lower conducting bar 65 is installed on lower guide mechanism 62.Specifically, upper guiding mechanism 61 includes being oriented to fixed seat 611, first to slide Connecting seat 612 and upper guide cylinder 613.Upper guide cylinder 613, which is mounted on, to be oriented in fixed seat 611, the first sliding connecting base 612 are slidably mounted in guiding fixed seat 611, and the piston rod of upper guide cylinder 613 and the first sliding connecting base 612 are fixed Connection, upper conducting bar 63 are fixed on side conducting bar 64 on the first sliding connecting base 612.Lower guide mechanism 62 includes track base 621, the Two sliding connecting bases 622 and lower guide cylinder 623.Second sliding connecting base 622 is slidably mounted on track base 621, The piston rod of lower guide cylinder 623 is fixedly connected with the second sliding connecting base 622, and lower conducting bar 65 is fixed on the second sliding connecting base On 622.In this way, before ceramic tile B is pushed into carton A, the movement of the first sliding connecting base 612 is driven by upper guide cylinder 613 And lower guide cylinder 623 drives the movement of the second sliding connecting base 622, so as to make upper conducting bar 63, lower conducting bar 65 and side conducting bar 64 enter in carton A, wherein upper conducting bar 63, lower conducting bar 65 and side conducting bar 64 are tilted along the middle part of carton A openings, and by Elastic deformation can occur under force effect, so that ceramic tile B can enter in carton A.The vanning auxiliary body 6 can be effectively prevented porcelain When brick B is promoted in carton A, top, lower part and side in carton A are scratched by ceramic tile B, ensure that the consistent of product packaging appearance Property, keep product appearance clean and tidy.
Please referring collectively to shown in Figure 10, the brick-pushing mechanism 7 of the embodiment of the present invention include pushing hands 71, actuator servo module 72 with And the idler wheel for placing ceramic tile B transmits seat 73.Idler wheel transmission seat 73 is fixed on the top of actuator servo module 72, and ceramic tile B exists It can transmit in idler wheel under the action of stress and be rolled on seat 73.Actuator servo module 72 drives pushing hands 71 along the length of idler wheel transmission seat 73 Direction movement is spent, the ceramic tile B so as to be placed on idler wheel transmission seat 73 is promoted in the carton A of opening state, and then is completed The automatic packaging of ceramic tile B.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides a kind of packing method of above-mentioned ceramic tile automated packaging equipment, the packing method packet Include following steps:
A, the carton A for the folded state being placed on it is fixed the lower section for being delivered to unpacking mechanism 5 by carton feed mechanism 1.
B, the mechanism 5 that unpacks opens the carton A of the folded state of lower section.
C, brick-pushing mechanism 7 will be in the carton A of ceramic tile B propulsion opening states.
In above-described embodiment, between step A and step B, the carton A of folded state is sent to by carton feed mechanism 1 On carton conveying device 2, carton is delivered to the lower section of carton counnter attack mechanism 3 and printed mechanism 4, carton by carton conveying device 2 Counnter attack mechanism 3 detects whether carton A puts back.When detecting that carton A is put back, carton counnter attack mechanism 3 carries out the carton A put back It removes, when detecting that carton A places correct, after printing production relevant information on carton A by printed mechanism 4, by paper Case conveying device 2 is transported to the lower section of unpacking mechanism 5, and the lower part of carton A is sucked by lower unpacking sucker.
In above-described embodiment, between step B and step C, one end of vanning auxiliary body 6 enters the carton of opening state In A, ceramic tile B is pushed into the carton A of opening state by brick-pushing mechanism 7 again, prevents ceramic tile from scratching carton A.
In conclusion the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment whole work process of the embodiment of the present invention approximately as:By a stacker Case A is positioned on carton supporting board 23, by taking carton mechanism 10 to jack up carton A to elastic lifting mechanism 20 upwards;Bullet After property lifting mechanism 20 lifts carton A, takes carton mechanism 10 to draw a lowermost carton A and be placed on carton supporting board 23 On, it is sucked and is sent on carton conveying device 2 by transport mechanism 30.Carton A is delivered to carton by carton conveying device 2 to be prevented The lower section of anti-mechanism 3 and printed mechanism 4 after the placement qualification for detecting carton A by carton counnter attack mechanism 3, passes through printed mechanism 4 The production such as date relevant information is printed on carton A, carton A is delivered to the lower section of unpacking mechanism 5 by carton conveying device 2 again, And the bottoms carton A of folded state are sucked fixation by lower unpacking sucker, then by the mechanism 5 that unpacks by the carton A of folded state Upper surface is sucked fixed and moves up, and moves backward, to which the carton A of folded state is opened.It is opened in carton A Afterwards, upper conducting bar 63, lower conducting bar 65 and the side conducting bar 64 cased in auxiliary body 6 enter in carton A, finally by brick-pushing mechanism 7 In the carton A that the ceramic tile B being placed on it is promoted to opening state, packed automatically to complete ceramic tile B.
The ceramic tile automated packaging equipment of the embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages that:1) production efficiency is high, and it is strong to reduce labour Degree reduces production cost;2) packaging product appearance consistency is good, and product appearance is clean and tidy.3) it adapts to work under dust atmosphere, avoid Manual operation may caused by healthy hidden danger.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention made by within refreshing and principle.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of ceramic tile automated packaging equipment, which is characterized in that include the carton for stacking folded state and fix carton The carton feed mechanism of conveying, for by the unpacking mechanism of the carton of folded state opening and for placing ceramic tile and by ceramic tile The brick-pushing mechanism in the carton of opening state is promoted, the carton feed mechanism is located at the side of the unpacking mechanism, described to push away Brick mechanism is located at the lower section of the unpacking mechanism;
The carton feed mechanism include the carton for holding up folded state take carton mechanism, the carton for that will hold up into The elastic lifting mechanism that row lifts and the transport mechanism for fixing and conveying the undermost carton held up;It is described Carton mechanism is taken to be located at the lower section of the elastic lifting mechanism with the transport mechanism, the transport mechanism takes carton positioned at described Between mechanism;
The elasticity lifting mechanism includes several several insertions dresses for lifting cylinder, being lifted for the carton to folded state Set, two pieces of carton supporting boards of carton for stacking folded state and neatly placed for ensureing the carton of folded state two Block baffle;Two pieces of carton supporting boards are located at the both sides for taking carton mechanism, and two block baffle is separately fixed at institute The both sides of two pieces of carton supporting boards are stated, several cylinders that lift are separately fixed in two block baffle, and the insertion apparatus is solid It is scheduled on described lift on the piston rod of cylinder;
The unpacking mechanism includes unpack cylinder, rocker-arm link mechanism, cylinder saddle, sucker fixed frame and upper unpacking sucker; The unpacking cylinder is fixed on the cylinder saddle, and the piston rod of the unpacking cylinder drives the one of the rocker-arm link mechanism End drives the rotation of its other end, and the other end of the rocker-arm link mechanism is hinged with the sucker fixed frame, the upper unpacking suction Disk is fixed on sucker fixed frame.
2. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that described to take carton mechanism include several taking paper Case sucker, two pieces of connecting plates and two take carton cylinder;
The connecting plate takes described in being fixed on the piston rod of carton cylinder, several fixations for taking carton sucker spaced On the connecting plate.
3. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that if the insertion apparatus include Antiskid platform, Dry contact pin and several elastic block pieces;
The Antiskid platform lifts described in being fixed on the piston rod of cylinder, and the contact pin is each attached to described with the elastic block piece On Antiskid platform, the elastic block piece is located at the lower section of the contact pin, and flexible deformation can occur under the action of stress.
4. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the transport mechanism include transmission pedestal, Mobile carton device and mobile carton sucker;
Transmission pedestal setting it is described take carton mechanism between, the mobile carton device is mounted on the transmission pedestal On, and can be moved along the length direction of the transmission pedestal, the mobile carton sucker is fixed on the mobile carton device.
5. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the rocker-arm link mechanism includes driving Bar, connecting rod and by drive rod, one end of the drive rod is fixedly connected with the piston rod of the unpacking cylinder, the connection One end of bar is rotatably connected on the drive rod, and the other end, which is fixed with described one end by drive rod by shaft, to be connected It connects, the other end by drive rod is hinged with the sucker fixed frame.
6. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that brick-pushing mechanism includes pushing hands, actuator servo Module and seat being transmitted for placing the idler wheel of ceramic tile, idler wheel transmission seat is fixed on the top of the actuator servo module, The length direction that the actuator servo module drives the pushing hands to transmit seat along the idler wheel moves.
7. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment further includes The vanning auxiliary body being smoothly packed into convenient for ceramic tile in carton, the vanning auxiliary body are located at the side of the unpacking mechanism, And positioned at the top of brick-pushing mechanism.
8. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the vanning auxiliary body includes opposite sets The upper guiding mechanism and lower guide mechanism set are equipped with several upper conducting bars on the upper guiding mechanism and are located at the upper conducting bar The side conducting bar of both sides is equipped with lower conducting bar on the lower guide mechanism.
9. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that the upper guiding mechanism includes being oriented to fix Seat, the first sliding connecting base and upper guide cylinder, the upper guide cylinder, which is mounted on, to be oriented in fixed seat, first sliding Connecting seat is slidably mounted in the guiding fixed seat, and the piston rod of the upper guide cylinder is slidably connected with described first Seat is fixedly connected, and the upper conducting bar is fixed on side conducting bar on first sliding connecting base;
The lower guide mechanism includes track base, the second sliding connecting base and lower guide cylinder, second sliding connecting base It is slidably mounted on the track base, the piston rod of the lower guide cylinder is fixed with second sliding connecting base to be connected It connects, the lower conducting bar is fixed on second sliding connecting base.
10. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment also wraps Include the carton conveying device that the carton for conveying the carton feed mechanism is sent to below the unpacking mechanism, the paper Lower unpacking sucker for drawing carton is installed, the lower unpacking sucker is being located at the unpacking mechanism just in case conveying device Lower section.
11. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 10, which is characterized in that the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment also wraps It includes for detecting whether carton puts back, and can be by the carton counnter attack mechanism that the carton put back removes, the carton counnter attack machine Structure is located at the top of the carton conveying device between the carton feed mechanism and the unpacking mechanism.
12. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 11, which is characterized in that carton counnter attack mechanism includes sucker Moving assembly, reject carton sucker, for detect carton whether inductor in place in place and for detecting whether carton is put Anti- positive and negative recognition component;
The rejecting carton sucker is mounted on the sucker moving assembly, and the sucker moving assembly is located at carton conveying The top of device, the inductor in place and positive and negative recognition component are located at the side of the sucker moving assembly.
13. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 12, which is characterized in that the sucker moving assembly includes cylinder Mounting bracket, transverse shifting cylinder, longitudinal movement cylinder, sliding seat and suction cup carrier, the sliding seat are fixed on the cylinder peace Shelve, the sliding seat is slidably mounted on the cylinder mount frame, and with the piston of the transverse shifting cylinder Bar is fixedly connected, and the longitudinal movement cylinder is mounted on the sliding seat, and the suction cup carrier is fixedly mounted on longitudinal shifting It takes offence on the piston rod of cylinder, the rejecting carton sucker is mounted in the suction cup carrier.
14. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 11, which is characterized in that the ceramic tile automated packaging equipment also wraps The printed mechanism for the printing production relevant information on carton is included, the printed mechanism is located at carton counnter attack mechanism and institute Between stating unpacking mechanism, and positioned at the top of the carton conveying device.
15. ceramic tile automated packaging equipment as claimed in claim 14, which is characterized in that the printed mechanism includes seal, print Lateral cylinder processed, printing longitudinal cylinder, printing fixed seat and printing sliding seat, the printing lateral cylinder are fixedly mounted on institute It states in printing fixed seat, the printing sliding seat is slidably mounted in the printing fixed seat, and longitudinal with the printing Cylinder is fixedly connected, and the seal is fixedly connected on the piston rod of the printing longitudinal cylinder.
CN201610737461.6A 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Ceramic tile automated packaging equipment Active CN106184878B (en)

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