CN113647319B - Solar-energy-based orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method - Google Patents

Solar-energy-based orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113647319B
CN113647319B CN202111053972.3A CN202111053972A CN113647319B CN 113647319 B CN113647319 B CN 113647319B CN 202111053972 A CN202111053972 A CN 202111053972A CN 113647319 B CN113647319 B CN 113647319B
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locking
orchid
rod
cultivation
mounting hole
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CN113647319A (en
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蒋彧
何俊蓉
张泽锦
涂勋良
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Horticulture Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Horticulture Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G29/00Root feeders; Injecting fertilisers into the roots
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural cultivation, in particular to an orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method based on solar energy, which comprises a recovery tank, a fertilizer-water irrigation system and support rods, wherein the support rods are arranged in a plurality of vertical positions in the recovery tank, the support rods are mutually connected through sponge to form a cylindrical cultivation frame, the support rods are provided with first openings, the first openings are positioned on the inner sides of the support rods and connected with net bags for placing the roots of orchids, the sponge is provided with second openings aligned with the first openings, the flower rods of the orchids penetrate through the first openings and the second openings to enable the crowns of the orchids to be positioned on the outer sides of the sponge, the fertilizer-water irrigation system is connected with an irrigation pipe, the irrigation pipe is vertically arranged on the inner sides of the cultivation frame, the irrigation pipe is vertically provided with a plurality of water outlets, and the water outlets are connected with atomization nozzles for applying fertilizers and irrigating to the roots of the orchids, the bottom of the wall of the recycling tank is provided with a recycling pipe which is connected to a fertilizer irrigation system.

Description

Solar-energy-based orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural cultivation, in particular to an orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method based on solar energy.
Background
Orchid is one of the famous flowers in China, and the orchid has been regarded as a high-cleanness and elegant symbol by Chinese people all the time, and is juxtaposed with plum, bamboo and chrysanthemum, and is called as 'four monarch drugs'. The beauty of poetry is usually liked by the "blue chapter", the reality of friendship is liked by the "blue intersection", and the pure love is expressed by the blue. The orchid belongs to epiphytic or terrestrial herbaceous plants, has several to many leaves, usually grows on the base or the lower node of the pseudobulb, has two rows, is in a strip shape or rarely has a reversed lanceolate shape to a narrow ellipse shape, and the base generally has a wide sheath and surrounds the pseudobulb and has joints. The raceme has several flowers or more, and has white, pure white, white green, yellow green, light yellow, light yellowish brown, yellow, red, green and purple colors. Based on the flower type and the meaning of the orchid, the orchid is widely loved, so that the orchid cultivation technology is also paid great attention to, but the problems that the fertilizer is slowly absorbed, the growth speed is slow, the yield value per unit area is low and the like often exist in the current orchid cultivation process, so that the device and the method for cultivating the orchid in the atomizing circulation mode based on the solar energy are needed to solve the technical problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method based on solar energy, and solves the problem that the orchid growth speed is low due to the fact that the fertilizer absorption speed is low in the existing orchid cultivation process.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the first technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
an orchid atomization circulation cultivation device based on solar energy comprises a recovery tank, a fertilizer-water irrigation system and support rods, wherein the support rods are arranged in the recovery tank in a plurality of vertical directions, the support rods are connected with one another through sponges to form a cylindrical cultivation frame, first openings are formed in the support rods, the inner sides, located at the support rods, of the first openings are connected with net bags used for placing roots of orchids, second openings aligned with the first openings are formed in the sponges, stems of the orchids penetrate out of the first openings and the second openings to enable crowns of the orchids to be located on the outer sides of the sponges, the fertilizer-water irrigation system is connected with an irrigation pipe, the irrigation pipe is vertically arranged on the inner sides of the cultivation frame, a plurality of water outlets are vertically formed in the irrigation pipe, atomization nozzles used for applying fertilizers and irrigating to the roots of the orchids are connected to the water outlets, and recovery pipes are arranged at the bottoms of walls of the recovery tank, the recovery pipe is connected to a rich water irrigation system.
A further technical scheme is, the top of culture rack is equipped with the top cap, the top of top cap is connected with the solar cell panel of horizontal setting through the stand for convert solar energy into the electric energy, the solar cell panel electricity is connected with the battery for supply power to the cultivation device, top cap and solar cell panel's middle part all is equipped with the hole of stepping down that is used for the holding to irrigate the pipe, and the vertical a plurality of bleeder vents that are equipped with on the top cap, one side of culture rack is equipped with the LED light filling lamp, the LED light filling lamp is connected with the battery electricity, the LED light filling lamp is for the corresponding LED lamp with the special spectrum of orchid.
A further technical scheme is that the rich water irrigation system further comprises a control valve for controlling the on-off of the recovery pipe, a filtering device for filtering the recovery liquid and a sterilizing device for sterilizing and disinfecting the recovery liquid, wherein the sterilizing device is an ultraviolet sterilizing device, and the control valve, the filtering device and the sterilizing device are sequentially arranged along the water delivery direction of the recovery pipe.
According to a further technical scheme, the control valve comprises a valve body connected with the recovery pipe and a valve cover rotatably arranged in the valve body, a sealing layer is arranged at the edge of the valve cover, a connecting hole connected with the interior of the valve body is vertically formed in the top of the valve body, a connecting rod rotates in the connecting hole, the lower end of the connecting rod penetrates into the interior of the valve body and is connected with the valve cover, the upper end of the connecting rod penetrates out of the valve body and is connected with a rotating handle, an anti-skidding sleeve is arranged on the rotating handle, and a plurality of anti-skidding protrusions are arranged on the anti-skidding sleeve.
A further technical scheme is that, the upper end of valve body is equipped with the latch segment, be equipped with hollow locking chamber in the latch segment, the vertical passageway of stepping down that runs through both sides chamber wall about the locking chamber that is equipped with in the latch segment, the latch segment is worn out from the passageway of stepping down to the upper end of connecting rod, it is located the top of latch segment to rotate the handle, the part coaxial coupling of connecting rod in the locking intracavity has the locking gear, be equipped with the fixture block with locking gear engaged with in the locking chamber, one side that the locking gear was kept away from to the fixture block is connected with the pull rod, the lateral wall of latch segment is equipped with the through-hole, the tip of pull rod is worn out from the through-hole to be connected with the montant in the outside of latch segment, the outside of montant is equipped with the pull ring, the inboard of montant is connected with the spring of horizontal setting, the spring links to each other with the outer wall of latch segment.
A plurality of mounting holes which are distributed annularly are formed in the bottom of the recovery tank, and the lower end of the support rod is arranged in the mounting holes; the air bag and the supporting plate are arranged in the mounting hole, the air bag is arranged at the bottom of the mounting hole, the supporting plate is arranged in the middle of the mounting hole, the lower plate surface of the supporting plate is connected with the upper side of the air bag, a containing groove is formed in the hole wall of the mounting hole above the supporting plate, an air cylinder and a locking bolt are arranged in the containing groove, the air bag is communicated with the air cylinder through an air guide pipe, and a piston rod of the air cylinder is communicated with the locking bolt; the pole wall of bracing piece lower extreme is equipped with the jack, and when the bracing piece set up in the mounting hole, the bottom of bracing piece pastes with the last face of backup pad mutually, and the locking bolt links to each other with the jack.
According to a further technical scheme, the mounting hole is provided with internal threads on the hole wall above the accommodating groove, after the supporting rod is taken out of the mounting hole, the mounting hole is sealed by the cover body in a threaded connection mode, the bottom of the cover body is provided with an annular clamping groove, and a waterproof sealing ring is connected to the inside of the clamping groove through a viscose glue.
A further technical scheme is that the locking bolt comprises a locking plate and a plurality of locking plugs, the piston rod is connected with one side of the locking plate, the locking plugs are evenly arranged on the other side of the locking plate, and the jacks on the supporting rod are arranged in a plurality of numbers and are matched with the locking plugs.
The technical scheme is that the sponge is cylindrical, a plurality of through connecting channels are vertically arranged in the sponge, and when the sponge is connected with the supporting rod, the supporting rod is located in the connecting channels.
The second technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
an orchid atomization circulation cultivation method adopts the orchid atomization circulation cultivation device to carry out atomization cultivation on orchid, illumination reinforcement is carried out simultaneously in the atomization cultivation process, and the adopted cultivation mode comprises an MS culture medium, photosynthetic bacterial manure and potassium phosphite.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has at least one of the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the scheme, the net bag is used for placing the orchids, so that a plurality of orchids can be cultivated in the vertical direction, and the output value of a unit area can be improved;
2. the orchid is cultivated by the scheme without using a matrix, and the method has the advantages of very simple equipment and low cost;
3. the roots of the orchids are directly irrigated in an atomized irrigation and atomized fertilization mode, and water and fertilizer can directly contact the root systems of the orchids, so that the fertilizer can be absorbed conveniently, and the growth of the orchids is accelerated;
4. utilize the accumulator on the one hand can play the effect of fixed whole device, on the other hand can also retrieve liquid fertilizer and water, then carry out the secondary use with the liquid fertilizer and the water of retrieving, very practice thrift the cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an orchid atomizing cultivation device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a control valve according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a partial sectional view illustrating the connection between the locking gear and the latch according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the bottom of the recovery tank at the mounting hole in a real-time state in the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of another real-time condition of the bottom of the recovery tank at the mounting hole in the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a plan view of the recovery tank of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a sponge according to the present invention.
Icon: 1-a recovery groove, 2-a support bar, 3-a sponge, 4-a first opening, 5-a string bag, 6-a second opening, 7-an irrigation pipe, 8-an atomizer, 9-a recovery pipe, 10-a top cover, 11-a relief hole, 12-a vent hole, 13-a control valve, 14-a valve body, 15-a valve cover, 16-a sealing layer, 17-a connecting hole, 18-a connecting rod, 19-a rotating handle, 20-a locking block, 21-a locking cavity, 22-a relief channel, 23-a locking gear, 24-a fixture block, 25-a pull rod, 26-a through hole, 27-a vertical bar, 28-a pull ring, 29-a spring, 30-a mounting hole, 31-an air bag, 32-a support plate, 33-a receiving groove, 34-cylinder, 35-air duct, 36-piston rod, 37-jack, 38-cover, 39-locking plate, 40-locking plug and 41-connecting channel.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Fig. 1-7 show an embodiment of the solar-based orchid atomization circulation cultivation device and method.
Example 1:
the embodiment provides an orchid atomization cultivation device, which comprises a recovery tank 1, a fertilizer and water irrigation system and support rods 2, wherein the support rods 2 are arranged in the recovery tank 1 in a plurality of vertical directions, the support rods 2 are connected with each other through sponges 3 to form a cylindrical cultivation frame, the support rods 2 are provided with first openings 4, the first openings 4 are positioned on the inner sides of the support rods 2 and are connected with net bags 5 for placing roots of orchids, the sponges 3 are provided with second openings 6 aligned with the first openings 4, the stems of the orchids penetrate through the first openings 4 and the second openings 6 to enable crowns of the orchids to be positioned on the outer sides of the sponges 3, the fertilizer and water irrigation system is connected with an irrigation pipe 7, the irrigation pipe 7 is vertically arranged on the inner sides of the cultivation frame, the irrigation pipe 7 is vertically provided with a plurality of water outlets, the water outlets are connected with atomization nozzles 8 for applying fertilizers and irrigating to the roots of the orchids, the bottoms of the walls of the recovery tank 1 are provided with recovery pipes 9, the recovery pipe 9 is connected to a rich water irrigation system.
A plurality of support rods 2 are fixed by a recovery groove 1, the support rods 2 are matched with a sponge 3 to form a cylindrical cultivation frame, wherein a plurality of first openings 4 are formed in the support rods 2, the first openings 4 are uniformly distributed along the vertical direction of the support rods 2, the support rods 2 are fixedly provided with net bags 5 at the inner sides of the first openings 4, so that the roots of orchids are placed in the net bags 5 to cultivate the orchids, meanwhile, the sponge 3 is provided with second openings 6 which are aligned with the first openings 4 one by one, the flower rods of the orchids penetrate out of the first openings 4 and the second openings 6 to enable the crowns of the orchids to be positioned at the outer sides of the sponge 3, so that the positions of the orchids are fixed in the cultivation process, a fertilizer and water irrigation system is connected with irrigation pipes 7, the irrigation pipes 7 are arranged at the inner sides of the cultivation frame, namely, the irrigation pipes 7 are arranged among the support rods 2, and the irrigation pipes 7 are also arranged in the middle of the sponge 3, thereby 8 blowout atomizing irrigation water or blowout atomizing fertilizer solution on through irrigation pipe 7 to carry out direct atomizing irrigation or the fertilization to the root system of orchid on the string bag 5, at atomizing irrigation or the fertilization in-process that atomizes, the not absorbed fertilizer water solution or irrigation water will fall into the accumulator 1 of below, and the liquid in the accumulator 1 will follow during the 9 reentrant fertilizer water irrigation systems of accumulator, thereby realize the used repeatedly of resource.
According to the scheme, the net bag 5 is used for placing the orchids, so that a plurality of orchids can be cultivated in the vertical direction, and the output value of a unit area can be improved; the orchid is cultivated by the scheme without using a matrix, and the method has the advantages of very simple equipment and low cost; the roots of the orchids are directly irrigated in an atomized irrigation and atomized fertilization mode, and water and fertilizer can directly contact the root systems of the orchids, so that the fertilizer can be absorbed conveniently, and the growth of the orchids is accelerated; utilize accumulator 1 can play the effect of fixed whole device on the one hand, on the other hand can also retrieve liquid fertilizer solution and water, then carry out the secondary use with the liquid fertilizer and the water of retrieving, very practice thrift the cost. Wherein the sponge 3 can also play a role in moisturizing.
The top of the cultivation frame is provided with a top cover 10, the upper part of the top cover 10 is connected with a solar cell panel 42 which is horizontally arranged through a stand column 43 and is used for converting solar energy into electric energy, the solar cell panel 42 is electrically connected with a storage battery and is used for supplying power to the cultivation device, the middle parts of the top cover 10 and the solar cell panel 42 are respectively provided with a abdication hole 11 which is used for accommodating an irrigation pipe 7, a plurality of air holes 12 are vertically arranged on the top cover 10, one side of the cultivation frame is provided with an LED light supplement lamp which is electrically connected with the storage battery, the LED light supplement lamp is an LED lamp corresponding to a special spectrum of orchid, when the orchid atomization cultivation device is placed outdoors, the top cover 10 can play a role of rain shielding, rainwater is prevented from directly flowing into the cultivation frame, the aperture of the air holes 12 is small, so that water cannot drip from the air holes 12 as far as possible, and the ventilation effect of the air holes 12 can well ensure the air circulation in the cultivation frame, is beneficial to the growth of orchid. The solar panel 42 can also perform the effects of rain sheltering and shading on the one hand, and can also collect solar energy as electric energy on the other hand. The LED light supplement lamp corresponding to the special spectrum for the LED light supplement lamp orchid can be used for LED light supplement at night and in rainy days, so that the growth efficiency and the yield are improved.
Fertile water irrigation system still includes control valve 13 that is used for controlling the break-make of recovery tube 9, be used for carrying out filterable filter equipment to the recovery liquid and be used for carrying out the sterile sterilizing equipment that disinfects to the recovery liquid, sterilizing equipment is ultraviolet sterilizing equipment, control valve 13, filter equipment and sterilizing equipment set gradually along the water delivery direction of recovery tube 9, be equipped with control valve 13 that is used for controlling the break-make of recovery tube 9 on the recovery tube 9 to control liquid fertilizer solution and rivers play accumulator 1. The filtering device filters, and the ultraviolet sterilization device disinfects, can be better clean liquid fertilizer and water that the secondary was used to guarantee the security of fertilizeing.
The control valve 13 comprises a valve body 14 connected with the recovery pipe 9 and a valve cover 15 rotatably arranged in the valve body 14, a sealing layer 16 is arranged on the edge of the valve cover 15, a connecting hole 17 connected with the inside of the valve body 14 is vertically arranged at the top of the valve body 14, a connecting rod 18 is rotatably arranged in the connecting hole 17, the lower end of the connecting rod 18 penetrates into the inside of the valve body 14 and is connected with the valve cover 15, the upper end of the connecting rod 18 penetrates out of the valve body 14 and is connected with a rotating handle 19, an anti-skid sleeve is arranged on the rotating handle 19, and a plurality of anti-skid protrusions are arranged on the anti-skid sleeve.
Valve body 14 is used for connecting recovery tube 9, valve gap 15 and sealing layer 16 mutually support and are used for controlling whether the internal portion of valve 13 switches on, rotate handle 19 through pulling, thereby drive connecting rod 18 and rotate, connecting rod 18's rotation will drive valve gap 15 and rotate, when valve gap 15 rotates to being mutually perpendicular with the length direction of valve body 14, valve body 14 is internal seal, when valve gap 15 rotates to parallel with the length direction of valve body 14, the internal portion of valve body 14 switches on, wherein rotate the anti-skidding cover on the handle 19 and the anti-skidding arch on the anti-skidding cover and play skid-proof effect, avoid appearing skidding and being difficult to drive valve gap 15 and rotate between operating personnel's the hand and the rotation handle 19.
The upper end of the valve body 14 is provided with a locking block 20, a hollow locking cavity 21 is arranged in the locking block 20, an abdicating channel 22 penetrating through the upper and lower side cavity walls of the locking cavity 21 is vertically arranged in the locking block 20, the upper end of the connecting rod 18 penetrates out of the locking block 20 from the abdicating channel 22, the rotating handle 19 is positioned above the locking block 20, the part of the connecting rod 18 in the locking cavity 21 is coaxially connected with a locking gear 23, a clamping block 24 meshed with the locking gear 23 is arranged in the locking cavity 21, one side of the clamping block 24 far away from the locking gear 23 is connected with a pull rod 25, the side wall of the locking block 20 is provided with a through hole 26, the end part of the pull rod 25 penetrates out of the through hole 26, the outer side of the locking block 20 is connected with a vertical rod 27, the outer side of the vertical rod 27 is provided with a pull ring 28, the inner side of the vertical rod 27 is connected with a transversely arranged spring 29, and the spring 29 is connected with the outer wall of the locking block 20.
The locking block 20 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the valve body 14, the locking cavity 21 in the locking block 20 is used for accommodating the locking gear 23, the connecting rod 18 penetrates out of the abdicating channel 22 and the locking cavity 21, the connecting rod 18 is connected with the locking gear 23, and whether the locking gear 23 can rotate or not can be controlled by whether the clamping block 24 and the locking gear 23 are meshed with each other or not. When the valve cap 15 needs to be rotated to control the on-off of the interior of the valve 13, the pull ring 28 is firstly pulled, the pull ring 28 drives the pull rod 25 to slide outwards through the vertical rod 27, so that the fixture block 24 moves towards the direction away from the locking gear 23, and further the connection between the fixture block 24 and the locking gear 23 is separated, at this time, the valve cap 15 can be driven to rotate by pulling the rotating handle 19, after the position of the valve cap 15 is adjusted, the pull ring 28 is loosened, the vertical rod 27 is driven by the spring 29 to slide inwards, so that the fixture block 24 is driven to slide inwards, the fixture block 24 is meshed with the locking gear 23, the connecting rod 18 is locked, and at this time, the position of the connecting rod 18 can be fixed.
The bottom of the recovery tank 1 is provided with a plurality of mounting holes 30 which are distributed annularly, and the lower end of the support rod 2 is arranged in the mounting holes 30; an air bag 31 and a support plate 32 are arranged in the mounting hole 30, the air bag 31 is arranged at the bottom of the mounting hole 30, the support plate 32 is arranged in the middle of the mounting hole 30, the lower plate surface of the support plate 32 is connected with the upper side of the air bag 31, a containing groove 33 is formed in the hole wall of the mounting hole 30 above the support plate 32, an air cylinder 34 and a locking bolt are arranged in the containing groove 33, the air bag 31 is communicated with the air cylinder 34 through an air guide pipe 35, and a piston rod 36 of the air cylinder 34 is communicated with the locking bolt; the wall of the lower end of the support rod 2 is provided with an insertion hole 37, when the support rod 2 is arranged in the mounting hole 30, the bottom of the support rod 2 is attached to the upper plate surface of the support plate 32, and the locking bolt is connected with the insertion hole 37.
Utilize the mounting hole 30 of 1 tank bottom of accumulator tank to come to install fixedly bracing piece 2, when the lower extreme of bracing piece 2 was worn into in the mounting hole 30, the lower extreme of bracing piece 2 will be gradually pushed down backup pad 32, gasbag 31 contracts gradually this moment, gas in the gasbag 31 will enter into in the cylinder 34 gradually through the air duct 35, gas in the cylinder 34 will drive piston rod 36 after increasing and slide, piston rod 36 slide alright outwards release the locking bolt gradually, and make the locking bolt insert in the jack 37 of 2 bottom lateral walls of bracing piece, thereby make the fixed of bracing piece 2 very firm. Wherein the end of inserting of locking bolt is the hemisphere, when needing to take out bracing piece 2 again, upwards pull out bracing piece 2, jack 37 will carry out the application of force to the end of inserting of locking bolt this moment, thereby drive the locking bolt and slide towards accomodating inside groove 33, piston rod 36 withdraws the gaseous extrusion that can be with in the cylinder 34 to cylinder 34 inside this moment, it is gaseous to return to gasbag 31 in through air duct 35, thereby make backup pad 32 get back to the normal position, and can also carry out ascending application of force to bracing piece 2 at this in-process, be convenient for take out of bracing piece 2.
The pore wall of mounting hole 30 above holding groove 33 is equipped with the internal thread, takes out the back in bracing piece 2 from mounting hole 30, has lid 38 to seal mounting hole 30 through threaded connection's mode, and the bottom of lid 38 is equipped with and is annular draw-in groove, be connected with waterproof sealing ring through the viscose in the draw-in groove, alright seal mounting hole 30 when accumulator 1 does not use, avoid during dust and water enter into mounting hole 30, and can better play waterproof sealing's effect when not using through the draw-in groove internal fixation setting waterproof sealing ring in lid 38 bottom.
The locking bolt comprises a locking plate 39 and a plurality of locking plugs 40, a piston rod 36 is connected with one side of the locking plate 39, the locking plugs 40 are uniformly arranged on the other side of the locking plate 39, the plurality of locking plugs 40 are matched with the plurality of jacks 37, the jacks 37 on the supporting rod 2 are arranged in a plurality and matched with the locking plugs 40, and therefore the locking bolt is more stably connected with the supporting rod 2.
The sponge 3 is set to be cylindrical, a plurality of through connecting channels 41 are vertically arranged in the sponge 3, and when the sponge 3 is connected with the supporting rod 2, the supporting rod 2 is positioned in the connecting channels 41.
Example 2:
on the basis of the foregoing embodiment 1, this embodiment provides an orchid atomization circulation cultivation method, in which the orchid atomization circulation cultivation apparatus in embodiment 1 is used to perform atomization cultivation on an orchid, and during the atomization cultivation, illumination reinforcement is performed simultaneously, and the cultivation method includes an MS culture medium, photosynthetic bacterial manure, and potassium phosphite. The growth efficiency of orchid has been improved while the yield is increased.
Soilless substrates are generally adopted for orchid cultivation, the cost is high, the economic benefit per unit area is low, the pH value of the substrates is difficult to accurately control in the cultivation process, the soilless substrates are easy to deteriorate, and the pest control is difficult. According to the invention, the orchid is subjected to atomization three-dimensional cultivation based on solar power generation, so that energy is saved, sustainable development is promoted, the unit area benefit is improved, and the liquid fertilizer is recycled after sterilization treatment.
The MS culture medium added with photosynthetic bacterial manure and potassium phosphite can spray orchid roots at regular time, so that the number of new roots can be obviously increased, and the growth of the orchid is promoted. The potassium phosphite is added to excite the activity of a defense enzyme system in plants, enhance the defense in crops and achieve the effect of preventing and treating plant diseases and insect pests. The photosynthetic bacteria bacterial fertilizer is added, so that the water quality of the atomized matrix can be purified, fungal and bacterial diseases can be prevented, the chlorophyll content of leaves can be increased, and the growth of orchid can be promoted.
The following table 1 shows the effect of different cultivation methods on the growth index of orchid.
Figure BDA0003253842830000071
TABLE 1
Although the invention has been described herein with reference to a number of illustrative embodiments thereof, it should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art that will fall within the spirit and scope of the principles of this disclosure. More specifically, various variations and modifications are possible in the component parts and/or arrangements of the subject combination arrangement within the scope of the disclosure, the drawings and the appended claims. In addition to variations and modifications in the component parts and/or arrangements, other uses will also be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an orchid atomizing circulation cultivation device based on solar energy which characterized in that: comprises a recovery tank (1), a fertilizer-water irrigation system and a support rod (2), wherein the support rod (2) is arranged in the recovery tank (1) in a plurality of vertical positions, the support rods (2) are connected with each other through sponges (3) to form a cylindrical cultivation frame, a first opening (4) is arranged on each support rod (2), the inner side of the position, at the position of each first opening (4), of each support rod (2) is connected with a net bag (5) for placing the root of an orchid, a second opening (6) aligned with the first opening (4) is arranged on each sponge (3), the flower rods of the orchid penetrate out of the first opening (4) and the second opening (6) to enable the crowns of the orchid to be located on the outer side of the sponge (3), the fertilizer-water irrigation system is connected with an irrigation pipe (7), the irrigation pipe (7) is vertically arranged on the inner side of the cultivation frame, and the irrigation pipe (7) is vertically provided with a plurality of water outlets, the water outlet is connected with an atomizing nozzle (8) for fertilizing and irrigating the root of the orchid, the bottom of the wall of the recovery tank (1) is provided with a recovery pipe (9), and the recovery pipe (9) is connected to a fertilizer-water irrigation system; the cultivation frame is characterized in that a top cover (10) is arranged at the top of the cultivation frame, a solar cell panel (42) which is transversely arranged is connected above the top cover (10) through a stand column (43) and used for converting solar energy into electric energy, the solar cell panel (42) is electrically connected with a storage battery and used for supplying power to a cultivation device, abdicating holes (11) used for accommodating irrigation pipes (7) are formed in the middle parts of the top cover (10) and the solar cell panel (42), a plurality of air holes (12) are vertically formed in the top cover (10), an LED light supplement lamp is arranged on one side of the cultivation frame and electrically connected with the storage battery, and the LED light supplement lamp is an LED lamp corresponding to a spectrum special for orchid; the fertilizer water irrigation system further comprises a control valve (13) for controlling the on-off of the recovery pipe (9), a filtering device for filtering the recovery liquid and a sterilizing device for sterilizing and disinfecting the recovery liquid, wherein the sterilizing device is an ultraviolet sterilizing device, and the control valve (13), the filtering device and the sterilizing device are sequentially arranged along the water delivery direction of the recovery pipe (9); sponge (3) set up to the cylinder, vertically in sponge (3) be equipped with a plurality of penetrating interface channel (41), when sponge (3) link to each other with bracing piece (2), bracing piece (2) are located interface channel (41).
2. The solar-based orchid atomizing and circulating cultivation device of claim 1, wherein: control valve (13) include valve body (14) and the rotation that link to each other with recovery tube (9) set up valve gap (15) in valve body (14), the edge of valve gap (15) is equipped with sealing layer (16), the top of valve body (14) is vertical to be equipped with connecting hole (17) of connecting valve body (14) inside, connecting hole (17) internal rotation is equipped with connecting rod (18), the lower extreme of connecting rod (18) is worn into valve body (14) inside and is linked to each other with valve gap (15), and valve body (14) are worn out and be connected with rotation handle (19) in the upper end of connecting rod (18), be equipped with the antiskid cover on rotation handle (19), be equipped with a plurality of antiskid archs on the antiskid cover.
3. The solar-based orchid atomizing and circulating cultivation device of claim 2, wherein: the upper end of the valve body (14) is provided with a locking block (20), a hollow locking cavity (21) is arranged in the locking block (20), a yielding channel (22) penetrating through the upper and lower side cavity walls of the locking cavity (21) is vertically arranged in the locking block (20), the upper end of the connecting rod (18) penetrates out of the locking block (20) from the yielding channel (22), the rotating handle (19) is positioned above the locking block (20), the part of the connecting rod (18) in the locking cavity (21) is coaxially connected with a locking gear (23), a clamping block (24) meshed with the locking gear (23) is arranged in the locking cavity (21), one side, far away from the locking gear (23), of the clamping block (24) is connected with a pull rod (25), the side wall of the locking block (20) is provided with a through hole (26), the end part of the pull rod (25) penetrates out of the through hole (26), and the outer side of the locking block (20) is connected with a vertical rod (27), the outside of montant (27) is equipped with pull ring (28), the inboard of montant (27) is connected with horizontal spring (29) that sets up, spring (29) link to each other with the outer wall of latch segment (20).
4. The solar-based orchid atomizing and circulating cultivation device of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the recovery tank (1) is provided with a plurality of mounting holes (30) which are distributed annularly, and the lower end of the support rod (2) is arranged in the mounting holes (30); an air bag (31) and a support plate (32) are arranged in the mounting hole (30), the air bag (31) is arranged at the bottom of the mounting hole (30), the support plate (32) is arranged in the middle of the mounting hole (30), the lower plate surface of the support plate (32) is connected with the upper side of the air bag (31), a containing groove (33) is formed in the hole wall of the mounting hole (30) above the support plate (32), an air cylinder (34) and a locking bolt are arranged in the containing groove (33), the air bag (31) is communicated with the air cylinder (34) through an air guide pipe (35), and a piston rod (36) of the air cylinder (34) is communicated with the locking bolt; the wall of the lower end of the supporting rod (2) is provided with an insertion hole (37), when the supporting rod (2) is arranged in the mounting hole (30), the bottom of the supporting rod (2) is attached to the upper plate surface of the supporting plate (32), and the locking bolt is connected with the insertion hole (37).
5. The device for the atomized cyclic cultivation of orchid based on solar energy as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the pore wall of groove (33) top is being accomodate in mounting hole (30) is equipped with the internal thread, takes out the back in mounting hole (30) at bracing piece (2), has lid (38) to seal mounting hole (30) through threaded connection's mode, the bottom of lid (38) is equipped with and is annular draw-in groove, be connected with waterproof sealing ring through the viscose in the draw-in groove.
6. The device for cultivating orchid in a circulating atomized manner based on solar energy as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the locking bolt comprises a locking plate (39) and a plurality of locking plugs (40), a piston rod (36) is connected with one side of the locking plate (39), the locking plugs (40) are uniformly arranged on the other side of the locking plate (39), and a plurality of jacks (37) are arranged on the supporting rod (2) and are matched with the locking plugs (40).
CN202111053972.3A 2021-09-09 2021-09-09 Solar-energy-based orchid atomization circulating cultivation device and method Active CN113647319B (en)

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CN101743898A (en) * 2009-12-22 2010-06-23 暨南大学 Three-dimensional vegetable cultivation device and cultivation technology thereof
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