CN113479609B - Production line for assembling practical training equipment of conveyor - Google Patents

Production line for assembling practical training equipment of conveyor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113479609B
CN113479609B CN202110807113.2A CN202110807113A CN113479609B CN 113479609 B CN113479609 B CN 113479609B CN 202110807113 A CN202110807113 A CN 202110807113A CN 113479609 B CN113479609 B CN 113479609B
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China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
frame
conveyor
practical training
training equipment
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CN202110807113.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113479609A (en
Inventor
崔智�
胡成满
金跃云
徐强
李明帅
高萍
任橹宇
王伟
王洪磊
胡鹏昌
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Rhine Koster Intelligent Technology Qingdao Co ltd
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Rhine Koster Intelligent Technology Qingdao Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110807113.2A priority Critical patent/CN113479609B/en
Publication of CN113479609A publication Critical patent/CN113479609A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/902Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems incorporating rotary and rectilinear movements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B25/00Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes
    • G09B25/02Models for purposes not provided for in G09B23/00, e.g. full-sized devices for demonstration purposes of industrial processes; of machinery
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B9/00Simulators for teaching or training purposes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

A production line for assembling a practical training device of a conveyor relates to the technical field of automatic production. The assembling device is used for improving the working efficiency of the assembling work of the conveyor practical training equipment. The utility model provides a production line for assembling real standard equipment of conveyer, includes the transfer chain, the transfer chain is the annular, be equipped with first processing work station, second processing work station, third processing work station, fourth processing work station and annular material storehouse around the transfer chain, the frock tray is used for placing the real standard equipment of conveyer, the transfer chain is used for right the frock tray is carried. The beneficial effects are that, do benefit to and improve packaging efficiency, do benefit to batch automated production.

Description

Production line for assembling practical training equipment of conveyor
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic production, in particular to a production line for assembling practical training equipment of a conveyor.
Background
The practical training equipment of the conveyor is a model in essence, namely the conveyor is reduced according to a certain proportion, and the structure of the practical training equipment is consistent with that of the actual conveyor. The conveyor practical training equipment comprises a driving shaft, a driven shaft, wherein the driving shaft is connected with a driving belt pulley, and the driven shaft is connected with a driven belt pulley; the driven shaft here refers to the shaft for connecting the driven pulley, and the driving shaft refers to the shaft for connecting the driving pulley. A conveying belt is tensioned between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel; the driving shaft and the driven shaft are both arranged on a rack of the conveyor practical training equipment. Two ends of the driving shaft and two ends of the driven shaft are respectively provided with a supporting plate, and the supporting plates are used for positioning the driving shaft or the driven shaft. The support plate is detachably connected to the frame of the conveyor practical training equipment. The frame is provided with a screw for adjusting the position of the driven wheel, the screw is positioned at one end of the conveyor practical training equipment, and the belt can be conveniently tensioned by twisting the screw. The frame is formed by detachably assembling a plurality of side plates.
A tooling pallet is a prior art for temporarily supporting and carrying accessories on a conveyor practical training device.
The assembly of the support plate and the belt tensioning of the practical training equipment of the conveyor depend on manual operation, and the problem of low assembly efficiency is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a production line for assembling practical training equipment of a conveyor, which is used for improving the working efficiency of the assembling work of the practical training equipment of the conveyor.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a production line for assembling conveyor practical training equipment comprises a conveying line, wherein the conveying line is annular, a first machining station, a second machining station, a third machining station, a fourth machining station and an annular material warehouse are arranged around the conveying line, a tooling tray is used for placing the conveyor practical training equipment, and the conveying line is used for conveying the tooling tray;
the first processing work station comprises a first work station platform, a first mechanical arm, a supporting plate material distribution mechanism and a supporting plate turnover mechanism, the first mechanical arm, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism and the supporting plate turnover mechanism are arranged on the first work station platform, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism comprises a supporting plate platform, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism is used for uniformly distributing supporting plates on the supporting plate platform, the first mechanical arm is used for transferring the supporting plates from the supporting plate platform to a conveyor practical training device, the supporting plate turnover mechanism is used for turning over one supporting plate on the supporting plate platform, and a first conveying branch line is connected between the conveying line and the first work station platform;
the second machining work station comprises a second manipulator, a second work station platform, a first manipulator headstock, a torque gun and a first clamp head, a second conveying branch line is connected between the second work station and the conveying line, a positioning platform assembly is arranged on the second machining work station, a transferring and overturning device is connected between the second conveying branch line and the positioning platform assembly, the transferring and overturning device is used for transferring the conveyor practical training equipment to the positioning platform assembly, and the transferring and overturning device is used for overturning the conveyor practical training equipment;
the third machining work station comprises a third work station platform, a third manipulator, a second manipulator headstock, a screw machine, a second clamp head, a conveyor practical training equipment well and a positioner, a third conveying branch line is connected between the conveying line and the third work station platform, the third manipulator, the second manipulator headstock, the conveyor practical training equipment well and the positioner are respectively arranged on the third work station platform, the second manipulator headstock is used for placing the screw machine and the second clamp head, the conveyor practical training equipment well is used for vertically placing conveyor practical training equipment, and the positioner is located on one side of the conveyor practical training equipment well;
the fourth processing station comprises a fourth station platform and a laser coding machine, and a fourth conveying branch line is connected between the fourth station platform and the conveying line;
the annular material warehouse comprises a material warehouse mechanical arm and a plurality of rows of goods shelves, each row of the goods shelves comprises a plurality of layers of object placing plates, and the goods shelves in each row are distributed according to an arc-shaped path.
Furthermore, the supporting plate distributing mechanism comprises a vertical bin, a push plate driving cylinder, a fork plate and a two-axis manipulator, the vertical bin is arranged on the supporting plate table and used for stacking the supporting plates, the push plate is connected to the supporting plate table in a sliding mode and used for pushing out one supporting plate located at the bottommost part of the vertical bin;
the fork board includes a plurality of backup pad fork mouths, each backup pad fork mouth along on the fork board with the parallel direction distribution of extending direction of backup pad platform, the fork board is connected on two-axis manipulator, and two-axis manipulator is used for the lift and the translation of drive fork board, the translation direction of picture peg with the extending direction of backup pad platform is parallel.
Further, backup pad tilting mechanism includes first guide rail spare, first slide cylinder, first lift cylinder, first upset cylinder and first clamping jaw cylinder, and first guide rail spare is connected on the first workstation platform, first slide sliding connection is on first guide rail spare, and first slide cylinder is connected with first slide, and first slide cylinder is used for driving first slide and slides on first guide rail spare, and first lift cylinder is connected on first slide, and first upset cylinder is connected with first lift cylinder, and first lift cylinder is used for the lift of first drive upset cylinder, and first clamping jaw cylinder is connected with first upset cylinder, and first upset cylinder is used for driving the upset of first clamping jaw cylinder, and first clamping jaw cylinder is used for the centre gripping backup pad.
Further, the transferring and overturning device comprises a cross beam frame, a second guide rail piece, a second sliding seat and a second lifting cylinder, crane, second clamping jaw cylinder, third clamping jaw cylinder and upset driver, the crossbeam erects the second is carried the branch line with between the second workstation platform, second guide rail spare is connected on the crossbeam frame, second slide sliding connection is on second guide rail spare, second lift cylinder is connected on the second slide, the crane is connected on second lift cylinder, second lift cylinder is used for driving the lift of crane, be equipped with fore-stock and after-frame on the crane, fore-stock and after-frame distribute according to a forepart, second clamping jaw cylinder rotates and connects on the fore-stock, third clamping jaw cylinder rotates and connects on the after-frame, the axis of rotation and the third clamping jaw cylinder axis of rotation of second clamping jaw cylinder, the upset driver is connected with the transmission of third clamping jaw cylinder collineatly.
Furthermore, the front frame is fixedly connected to the lifting frame, the rear frame is slidably connected to the lifting frame, the rear frame slides on the lifting frame in the front-rear direction, the lifting frame is connected with a rear frame driving cylinder, and the rear frame driving cylinder is connected with the rear frame.
Further, real standard equipment well of conveyer includes well head frame, pneumatic magnetism couple rodless cylinder, the seat is lifted in the support, push away tight cylinder and two belt stoppers, two belt stoppers are established in the upper port department of well head frame, it pushes away to be equipped with on the tight cylinder and pushes away tight the piece, push away tight cylinder in one side of well head frame, well head frame is including the extension board, extension board downwardly extending, pneumatic magnetism couple rodless cylinder includes pneumatic slider, pneumatic magnetism couple rodless cylinder is connected on the extension board, the slip direction of pneumatic slider is upper and lower direction, it connects on pneumatic slider to lift the seat.
Furthermore, the pneumatic sliding block is connected with a side baffle which is positioned on one side of the pneumatic sliding block.
Further, the locator includes support frame, third lift cylinder, the first cylinder that compresses tightly, second compress tightly cylinder and spacing, and the support frame is connected on the third platform, and third lift cylinder connects on the support frame, and the first cylinder that compresses tightly is connected on the third lift cylinder, and the first working shaft parallel that compresses tightly the cylinder sets up, and spacing connection is on the first working shaft that compresses tightly the cylinder, and spacing setting is in the top of wellhead frame, spacing include the limiting plate of two relative settings, respectively are equipped with a notch on every limiting plate, notch upper end opening, and two notches align and set up, and the second compresses tightly the cylinder body of cylinder and connects on the first cylinder body that compresses tightly, and the second compresses tightly the working shaft of cylinder and is on a parallel with the first working shaft that compresses tightly the cylinder, and the second compresses tightly and is connected with the pressure strip on the working shaft of cylinder.
Further, a pressure sensor is connected to the pressure plate.
Has the advantages that:
the invention can carry out automatic assembly work on the practical training equipment of the conveyor, and the working principle of the invention is as follows: the tooling trays are conveyed to the right position through the conveying lines, the first conveying branch lines, the second conveying branch lines, the third conveying branch lines and the fourth conveying branch lines, and then the tooling trays are conveyed to a first machining work station or a second machining work station or a third machining work station or a fourth machining work station, and then corresponding automatic machining work is carried out on the corresponding work stations. The conveying and turning principle of the conveying operation can be referred to in the prior art, and therefore, the details are not described herein. First processing worker station can be used for the equipment of four backup pads target in place, and the equipment principle of four backup pads is: under the connection effect of first conveying branch line, the frock tray is carried to first workstation platform on, gets the backup pad from the backup pad platform through first connecing unloads the hand, then places in the corresponding mounted position department at the frock tray. In this way, the automatic mounting work of the support plate is performed. The second processing work station is used for assembling the rack of the conveyor practical training equipment and screwing the bolt between the support plate and the rack, the second mechanical arm uses the first clamp head in the component taking and placing working process, and the torque gun is taken when the bolt is screwed. The third processing station can automatically tension the belt of the practical training equipment, and when the belt is tensioned, the practical training equipment of the conveyor can be vertically fixed and positioned through the stabilizer and the practical training equipment well of the conveyor, so that the stability of the practical training equipment of the conveyor is ensured, and the precision of tensioning operation is improved; the third manipulator is used for transferring and moving the practical training equipment of the conveyor after taking the second clamp head; and the third mechanical arm is used for screwing a screw for adjusting the tensioning degree of the belt after taking the screw machine. The invention is beneficial to carrying out batch and automatic assembly work on the conveyor practical training equipment and improving the production efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a first station platform;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a support plate distribution mechanism;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a support plate canting mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a second workstation;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a transfer flipper;
fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a third station;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a conveyor training equipment well;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a positioner;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of an embodiment of an annular magazine;
in the figure: 1 conveying line, 11 tooling pallets, 2 first station platform, 21 first manipulator, 22 first conveying branch line, 3 support plate distribution mechanism, 31 support plate platform, 32 vertical bin, 33 push plate, 34 push plate driving cylinder, 35 fork plate, 36 two-axis manipulator, 37 support plate fork opening, 4 support plate turnover mechanism, 41 first guide rail member, 42 first slide, 43 first slide cylinder, 44 first lifting cylinder, 45 first turnover cylinder, 46 first clamping jaw cylinder, 5 second station platform, 51 second manipulator, 52 first manipulator headstock, 53 torque gun, 54 first clamping head, 55 second conveying branch line, 56 positioning platform component, 6 transfer turnover device, 61 cross beam frame, 62 second guide rail member, 63 second slide 653, 64 second lifting cylinder, 65 lifting frame, 651 front frame, 652 rear frame, rear frame driving cylinder, 66 second clamping jaw cylinder, 67 third clamping jaw cylinder, 68 overturning drivers, 7 third station platforms, 71 third manipulators, 72 second manipulator headstock, 73 screw machines, 74 second fixture heads, 75 third conveying branch lines, 76 fourth station platforms, 77 laser coding machines, 78 fourth conveying branch lines, 8 conveyor practical training equipment wells, 81 well opening frames, 811 extending plates, 82 pneumatic magnetic coupling rodless cylinders, 821 pneumatic sliders, 83 lifting seats, 84 pushing cylinders, 85 side baffles, 86 belt limiting blocks, 9 locators, 91 supporting frames, 92 third lifting cylinders, 93 first pressing cylinders, 94 limiting frames, 95 limiting plates, 96 notches, 97 second pressing cylinders, 98 pressing plates, 99 pressure sensors, 10 warehouse manipulators, 101 shelves and 102 storage plates.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, a production line for assembling real standard equipment of conveyer, includes transfer chain 1, and transfer chain 1 is the annular, is equipped with first processing work station, second processing work station, third processing work station, fourth processing work station and annular material storehouse around transfer chain 1, and the transfer chain is used for carrying frock tray 11. The tooling tray 11 is used for placing a conveyor training device, and the conveying line 1 is used for conveying the tooling tray 11.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the first processing station includes a first station 2, a first robot 21, a support plate distributing mechanism 3, and a support plate turnover mechanism 4. The first mechanical arm 21, the support plate material distribution mechanism 3 and the support plate turnover mechanism 4 are arranged on the first station platform 2, and the support plate material distribution mechanism 3 comprises a support plate platform 31. Backup pad cloth mechanism 3 is used for transporting the backup pad equipartition on backup pad platform 31, and first manipulator 21 is used for transporting the backup pad from backup pad platform 31 to the real standard equipment of conveyer on, and backup pad tilting mechanism 4 is used for overturning a backup pad that is located backup pad platform 31, is connected with first transport branch line 22 between transfer chain 1 and the first worker platform 2.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the second processing station includes a second robot arm 51, a second station 5, a first robot head 52, a torque gun 53, and a first gripper head 54. Be connected with second delivery branch line 55 between second worker station and the transfer chain 1, be equipped with location platform subassembly 56 on the second processing worker station, be connected with between second delivery branch line 55 and the location platform subassembly 56 and transport turning device 6, transport turning device 6 and be used for transporting the real equipment of instructing of conveyer to location platform subassembly 56 on, transport turning device 6 and be used for carrying out upset work to the real equipment of instructing of conveyer.
As shown in fig. 1 and 7, the third processing station includes a third station 7, a third robot 71, a second robot headstock 72, a screw machine 73, a second gripper head 74, a conveyor training device well 8, and a positioner 9. A third conveying branch line 75 is connected between the conveying line 1 and the third station platform 7, a third manipulator 71, a second manipulator headstock 72, a conveyor practical training equipment well 8 and a positioner 9 are respectively arranged on the third station platform 7, the second manipulator headstock 72 is used for placing a screw machine 73 and a second clamp head 74, the conveyor practical training equipment well 8 is used for vertically placing conveyor practical training equipment, and the positioner 9 is located on one side of the conveyor practical training equipment well 8.
As shown in fig. 1, the fourth processing station includes a fourth station 76 and a laser coding machine 77, and a fourth branch conveyor 78 is connected between the fourth station and the conveyor line 1;
as shown in fig. 1 and 10, the annular magazine includes a magazine manipulator 10 and a plurality of rows of shelves 101, each row or shelf includes a plurality of layers of object placing plates 102, and the shelves are distributed along an arc-shaped path. The annular material warehouse is used for caching semi-finished products, finished products or components of the conveyor practical training equipment, and is convenient for a production line to take.
As shown in fig. 1 to 10, the invention can perform automatic assembly work on a conveyor practical training device, and the working principle of the invention is as follows: the tooling trays 11 are conveyed to the right position through the conveying line 1, the first conveying branch line 22, the second conveying branch line 55, the third conveying branch line 75 and the fourth conveying branch line 78, and then the tooling trays 11 are conveyed to a first machining work station or a second machining work station or a third machining work station or a fourth machining work station, and then corresponding automatic machining work is carried out on the corresponding work stations. The conveying and turning principle of the conveying operation can be referred to in the prior art, and therefore, the description is omitted. First processing worker station can be used for the equipment of four backup pads target in place, and the equipment principle of four backup pads is: under the connecting action of the first conveying branch line 22, the tooling pallet is conveyed to the first tooling platform 2, the supporting plate is taken from the supporting plate platform 31 through the first receiving and unloading hand 21, and then the tooling pallet is placed at the corresponding installation position. In this way, the automatic mounting work of the support plate is performed. The second processing station is used for assembling the rack of the conveyor practical training equipment and screwing bolts between the supporting plate and the rack, the second mechanical arm 51 uses the first clamp head 54 in the component picking and placing working process, and the torque gun 53 is taken when the bolts are screwed. The third processing station can automatically tension the belt of the practical training equipment, and when the belt is tensioned, the practical training equipment of the conveyor can be vertically fixed and positioned through the stabilizer 9 and the practical training equipment well 8 of the conveyor, so that the stability of the practical training equipment of the conveyor is ensured, and the precision of tensioning operation is improved; the third manipulator 71 takes the second clamp head 74 and then is used for transferring and moving the conveyor practical training equipment; after the third robot 71 takes the screw machine 73, it is used to screw the screw for adjusting the belt tension.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the supporting plate distributing mechanism 3 includes a vertical bin 32, a push plate 33, a push plate driving cylinder 34, a fork plate 35 and a two-axis manipulator 36, the vertical bin 32 is disposed on a supporting plate table 31, the vertical bin 32 is used for stacking supporting plates, the push plate 33 is slidably connected to the supporting plate table 31, and the push plate 33 is used for pushing out one supporting plate located at the bottommost portion of the vertical bin 32. The fork plate 35 comprises a plurality of supporting plate fork openings 37, each supporting plate fork opening 37 is distributed on the fork plate 35 along the direction parallel to the extending direction of the supporting plate table 31, the fork plate 35 is connected to a two-axis manipulator 36, the two-axis manipulator 36 is used for driving the fork plate 35 to lift and translate, and the translating direction of the inserting plate is parallel to the extending direction of the supporting plate table 31. The function of the plate inserting and distributing mechanism 3 is to arrange the support plate on the support plate table 31. The working principle of the plate inserting and distributing mechanism 3 is as follows: the supporting plates are stacked in the vertical magazine 32, the push plate driving cylinder 34 drives the push plate 33 to push out the supporting plate located at the bottommost portion of the vertical magazine 32 → the fork plate 35 descends, and further the fork opening 37 is fastened to the supporting plate → the fork plate moves along the length direction of the supporting plate table 31, and further the fork plate moves forward one direction → the fork plate 35 is lifted → the vertical magazine releases another supporting plate → the fork plate sequentially discharges the supporting plates located on the supporting plate table 31 in the above manner. The first robot takes one of the supporting plates located at the outermost end of the supporting plate table 31 at the time of taking. The supporting plate arranging device has the advantages that the supporting plate is arranged on the supporting plate table 31 conveniently, so that detection or processing devices are arranged around the supporting plate table conveniently, and the supporting plate is beneficial to flow processing work; meanwhile, the supporting plate is beneficial to orderly taking and placing work.
As shown in fig. 2 and 4, the support plate turnover mechanism 4 includes a first rail member 41, a first carriage 42, a first carriage cylinder 43, a first elevation cylinder 44, a first turnover cylinder 45, and a first jaw cylinder 46. The first rail member 41 is attached to the first workstation bed 2 and the first carriage 42 is slidably attached to the first rail member 41. The first carriage cylinder 43 is connected to the first carriage 42, and the first carriage cylinder 43 drives the first carriage 42 to slide on the first rail member 41. The first lifting cylinder 44 is connected to the first slide 42, the first overturning cylinder 45 is connected to the first lifting cylinder 44, and the first lifting cylinder 44 is used for lifting of the first driving overturning cylinder. The first clamping jaw air cylinder 46 is connected with the first overturning air cylinder 45, the first overturning air cylinder 45 is used for driving the first clamping jaw air cylinder 46 to overturn, and the first clamping jaw air cylinder 46 is used for clamping the supporting plate. The backup pad has the division of positive and negative, and to the backup pad of different positions, when placing on the frock tray, some be openly up, some be the reverse side up, can carry out the turn-over work to the backup pad that is located the outermost end on the backup pad bench through backup pad tilting mechanism 4, do benefit to the accurate usefulness of first manipulator. The working principle that the supporting plate turnover mechanism 4 overturns the supporting plate is that the supporting plate is picked up through the first clamping jaw air cylinder 46, the position and the orientation of the first clamping jaw air cylinder 46 are controlled through the first sliding seat air cylinder 43, the first lifting air cylinder 45 and the first turnover air cylinder 45, and then the work of picking up, overturning and placing the supporting plate is completed.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the transfer and turnover device 6 includes a cross frame 61, a second rail member 62, a second slider 63, a second lifting cylinder 64, a lifting frame 65, a second gripper cylinder 66, a third gripper cylinder 67, and a turnover driver 68. A cross frame 61 is provided between the second feeder rail 55 and the second station 5, a second rail member 62 is connected to the cross frame 61, and a second slide carriage 63 is slidably connected to the second rail member 62, and slides on the second slide carriage by a drag chain mechanism. The second lifting cylinder 64 is connected to the second slide carriage 63, and the lifting frame 65 is connected to the second lifting cylinder 64. The second lifting cylinder 64 is used for driving the lifting frame 65 to lift, a front frame 651 and a rear frame 652 are arranged on the lifting frame 65, the front frame 651 and the rear frame 652 are distributed in a tandem mode, the second clamping jaw cylinder 66 is rotatably connected to the front frame 651, the third clamping jaw cylinder 67 is rotatably connected to the rear frame 652, the rotating axis of the second clamping jaw cylinder 66 is collinear with the rotating axis of the third clamping jaw cylinder 67, and the overturning driver 68 is in transmission connection with the third clamping jaw cylinder 67. The second clamping jaw air cylinder 66 and the third clamping jaw air cylinder 67 are used for grabbing work of the conveyor practical training equipment, the grabbing principle is that the second clamping jaw air cylinder 66 grabs one end of the conveyor practical training equipment, and the third clamping jaw air cylinder 67 grabs the other end of the conveyor practical training equipment. After the second clamping jaw air cylinder 66 and the third clamping jaw air cylinder 67 pick up the practical training equipment of the conveyor, the lifting frame 65 is driven to lift through the second lifting air cylinder 64, and then the practical training equipment of the conveyor is driven to lift; the third clamping jaw 67 is driven to rotate by the overturning driver 68, so that the conveyor practical training equipment is driven to overturn, and overturning work of the conveyor practical training equipment is facilitated; the second sliding seat 63 slides to drive the lifting frame to move horizontally, and then the conveying work of the conveyor practical training equipment is carried out.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the front frame 651 is fixedly connected to the lifting frame 65, the rear frame 652 is slidably connected to the lifting frame 65, the sliding direction of the rear frame 652 on the lifting frame 65 is the front-rear direction, the lifting frame 65 is connected to a rear frame driving cylinder 653, and the rear frame driving cylinder 653 is connected to the rear frame 652. This is convenient for adjust the interval between front frame 651 and after-frame 652, and then does benefit to the interval of adjusting between second clamping jaw cylinder and the third clamping jaw cylinder, and then does benefit to the convenience and gets putting of real standard equipment of conveyer, reduces and gets the degree of difficulty of putting. Meanwhile, the processing work of the practical training equipment suitable for the conveyors with different lengths is facilitated.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the conveyor practical training equipment well 8 includes a wellhead frame 81, a pneumatic magnetic coupling rodless cylinder 82, a lifting seat 83, a pushing cylinder 84 and two belt limit blocks 86. Two belt limiting blocks 86 are arranged at the upper port of the wellhead frame 81, a pushing block is arranged on the pushing cylinder 84, and the pushing cylinder 84 is arranged on one side of the wellhead frame 81. The wellhead frame 81 comprises an extension plate 811, the extension plate 811 extends downwards, the pneumatic magnetic coupling rodless cylinder 82 comprises a pneumatic sliding block 821, the pneumatic magnetic coupling rodless cylinder 82 is connected to the extension plate 811, the sliding direction of the pneumatic sliding block 821 is the up-down direction, and the lifting seat 83 is connected to the pneumatic sliding block 821. The conveyor practical training equipment well 8 is used for vertically placing conveyor practical training equipment, the conveyor practical training equipment is placed in the conveyor practical training equipment well 8 in a mode that one end, provided with a driving wheel, of the conveyor practical training equipment is placed on the lifting seat, one end, provided with a driven wheel, of the conveyor practical training equipment is upwards arranged, the height of the pneumatic slide block 821 is driven through the pneumatic magnetic couple rodless cylinder 82, the height of the lifting seat 83 is further controlled, and the height of the conveyor practical training equipment exposed out of the practical training equipment well is further adjusted; after the practical training equipment of the conveyor is exposed out of the practical training equipment well 8 and reaches the requirement, the rack of the practical training equipment of the conveyor is pressed on the inner side of the wellhead rack by pushing the air cylinder 84 tightly, and then the practical training equipment of the conveyor is clamped. The belt limiting block 86 is used for limiting and protecting a belt of the conveyor practical training equipment and is made of rubber.
As shown in fig. 8, a side baffle 85 is connected to the air slide 821, and the side baffle 85 is located at one side of the air slide 821. The side baffle 85 can be used for positioning the conveyor practical training equipment.
As shown in fig. 7 and 9, the positioner 9 includes a support frame 91, a third lifting cylinder 92, a first pressing cylinder 93, a second pressing cylinder 97, and a stopper frame 94. The support frame 91 is connected on the third workstation platform 7, and the third lift cylinder 92 is connected on the support frame 91, and the first cylinder 93 that compresses tightly is connected on the third lift cylinder 92. The working shaft of the first pressing cylinder 93 is arranged in the horizontal direction, and the limiting frame 94 is connected to the working shaft of the first pressing cylinder 93. A spacing block 94 is provided above the wellhead block. The retainer 94 includes two opposed retainer plates 95, and each retainer plate 95 has a notch 96. The notches 96 are open at the upper end and the two notches are aligned. The cylinder body of the second pressing cylinder 97 is connected to the cylinder body of the first pressing cylinder 93. The working axis of the second pressing cylinder 97 is parallel to the working axis of the first pressing cylinder 93, and a pressing plate 98 is connected to the working axis of the second pressing cylinder 97. The locator is used for fixing a position and the fixed work for placing the real upper end of instructing equipment of conveyer of instructing in the real equipment well of instructing of conveyer, this location and fixed work's principle does, the frame is stretched out at the both ends of the real driven shaft of instructing equipment of conveyer, one of them notch 96 card is in the one end of driven shaft, another notch card is at the other end of driven shaft, then the second compresses tightly cylinder 97 drive pressure strip 98 and compresses tightly in the real frame of instructing equipment of conveyer, under the effect of this thrust, the driven shaft is blocked tightly in notch 96, and then instruct the upper end fixed positioning of equipment of instructing with the conveyer, and then do benefit to and improve stability. The first hold-down cylinder 93 is used to adjust the horizontal orientation of the stop frame above the wellhead frame. The pressure sensor 99 is connected to the pressure plate 98, which facilitates detection of the thrust, and further facilitates realization of controllability of the thrust.

Claims (9)

1. A production line for assembling conveyor practical training equipment is characterized by comprising a conveying line, wherein the conveying line is annular, a first machining station, a second machining station, a third machining station, a fourth machining station and an annular material warehouse are arranged around the conveying line, a tooling tray is used for placing the conveyor practical training equipment, and the conveying line is used for conveying the tooling tray;
the first processing work station comprises a first work station platform, a first mechanical arm, a supporting plate material distribution mechanism and a supporting plate turnover mechanism, the first mechanical arm, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism and the supporting plate turnover mechanism are arranged on the first work station platform, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism comprises a supporting plate platform, the supporting plate material distribution mechanism is used for uniformly distributing supporting plates on the supporting plate platform, the first mechanical arm is used for transferring the supporting plates from the supporting plate platform to a conveyor practical training device, the supporting plate turnover mechanism is used for turning over one supporting plate on the supporting plate platform, and a first conveying branch line is connected between the conveying line and the first work station platform;
the second machining work station comprises a second manipulator, a second work station platform, a first manipulator headstock, a torque gun and a first clamp head, a second conveying branch line is connected between the second work station and the conveying line, a positioning platform assembly is arranged on the second machining work station, a transferring and overturning device is connected between the second conveying branch line and the positioning platform assembly, the transferring and overturning device is used for transferring the conveyor practical training equipment to the positioning platform assembly, and the transferring and overturning device is used for overturning the conveyor practical training equipment;
the third machining work station comprises a third work station platform, a third manipulator, a second manipulator headstock, a screw machine, a second clamp head, a conveyor practical training equipment well and a positioner, a third conveying branch line is connected between the conveying line and the third work station platform, the third manipulator, the second manipulator headstock, the conveyor practical training equipment well and the positioner are respectively arranged on the third work station platform, the second manipulator headstock is used for placing the screw machine and the second clamp head, the conveyor practical training equipment well is used for vertically placing conveyor practical training equipment, and the positioner is located on one side of the conveyor practical training equipment well;
the fourth processing station comprises a fourth station platform and a laser coding machine, and a fourth conveying branch line is connected between the fourth station platform and the conveying line;
the annular material storehouse comprises a material storehouse mechanical arm and a plurality of rows of goods shelves, each row of the goods shelves comprises a plurality of layers of object placing plates, and the goods shelves are distributed according to an arc-shaped path.
2. The production line for assembling the practical training equipment of the conveyor as claimed in claim 1, wherein the supporting plate distributing mechanism comprises a vertical bin, a push plate driving cylinder, a fork plate and a two-axis manipulator, the vertical bin is arranged on the supporting plate table and used for stacking the supporting plates, the push plate is connected to the supporting plate table in a sliding manner and used for pushing out one supporting plate at the bottommost part of the vertical bin;
the fork board includes a plurality of backup pad fork mouths, each backup pad fork mouth along on the fork board with the parallel direction distribution of extending direction of backup pad platform, the fork board is connected on two-axis manipulator, and two-axis manipulator is used for the lift and the translation of drive fork board, the translation direction of picture peg with the extending direction of backup pad platform is parallel.
3. The production line for assembling the practical training equipment of the conveyor as claimed in claim 2, wherein, backup pad tilting mechanism includes first guide rail spare, first slide cylinder, first lift cylinder, first upset cylinder and first clamping jaw cylinder, and first guide rail spare is connected on the first workstation platform, first slide sliding connection is on first guide rail spare, and first slide cylinder is connected with first slide, and first slide cylinder is used for driving first slide and slides on first guide rail spare, and first lift cylinder is connected on first slide, and first upset cylinder is connected with first lift cylinder, and first lift cylinder is used for the lift of first drive upset cylinder, and first clamping jaw cylinder is connected with first upset cylinder, and first upset cylinder is used for driving the upset of first clamping jaw cylinder, and first clamping jaw cylinder is used for the centre gripping backup pad.
4. The production line for the practical training equipment of the assembly conveyor as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transferring and overturning device comprises a cross beam frame, a second guide rail piece, a second sliding seat, a second lifting cylinder, a lifting frame, a second clamping jaw cylinder, a third clamping jaw cylinder and an overturning driver, the cross beam frame is erected between the second conveying branch line and the second station platform, the second guide rail piece is connected to the cross beam frame, the second sliding seat is slidably connected to the second guide rail piece, the second lifting cylinder is connected to the second sliding seat, the lifting frame is connected to the second lifting cylinder, the second lifting cylinder is used for driving the lifting frame to lift, a front frame and a rear frame are arranged on the lifting frame, the front frame and the rear frame are distributed according to the front and rear, the second clamping jaw cylinder is rotatably connected to the front frame, the third clamping jaw cylinder is rotatably connected to the rear frame, and the rotation axis of the second clamping jaw cylinder and the rotation axis of the third clamping jaw cylinder are collinear, the overturning driver is in transmission connection with the third clamping jaw air cylinder.
5. The production line of claim 4, wherein the front frame is fixedly connected to the lifting frame, the rear frame is slidably connected to the lifting frame, the sliding direction of the rear frame on the lifting frame is a front-rear direction, the lifting frame is connected to a rear frame driving cylinder, and the rear frame driving cylinder is connected to the rear frame.
6. The production line for assembling the practical training equipment of the conveyor according to claim 1, wherein the practical training equipment well of the conveyor comprises a wellhead frame, a pneumatic magnetic couple rodless cylinder, a lifting seat, a pushing cylinder and two belt limiting blocks, the two belt limiting blocks are arranged at the upper port of the wellhead frame, the pushing cylinder is provided with the pushing block and is arranged on one side of the wellhead frame, the wellhead frame comprises an extending plate, the extending plate extends downwards, the pneumatic magnetic couple rodless cylinder comprises a pneumatic sliding block, the pneumatic magnetic couple rodless cylinder is connected onto the extending plate, the sliding direction of the pneumatic sliding block is in the vertical direction, and the lifting seat is connected onto the pneumatic sliding block.
7. The production line for assembling the practical training equipment of the conveyor as claimed in claim 6, wherein a side baffle is connected to the pneumatic sliding block and is positioned on one side of the pneumatic sliding block.
8. The production line of claim 6, wherein the positioner comprises a support frame, a third lifting cylinder, a first pressing cylinder, a second pressing cylinder and a limiting frame, the support frame is connected to the third station platform, the third lifting cylinder is connected to the support frame, the first pressing cylinder is connected to the third lifting cylinder, the working shaft of the first pressing cylinder is arranged in a horizontal direction, the limiting frame is connected to the working shaft of the first pressing cylinder, the limiting frame is arranged above the wellhead frame, the limiting frame comprises two limiting plates which are arranged oppositely, each limiting plate is provided with a notch, the upper end of each notch is open, the two notches are arranged in an aligned manner, the cylinder body of the second pressing cylinder is connected to the cylinder body of the first pressing cylinder, and the working shaft of the second pressing cylinder is parallel to the working shaft of the first pressing cylinder, and a working shaft of the second pressing cylinder is connected with a pressing plate.
9. The production line for assembling the practical training equipment of the conveyor as claimed in claim 8, wherein a pressure sensor is connected to the pressure plate.
CN202110807113.2A 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 Production line for assembling practical training equipment of conveyor Active CN113479609B (en)

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