CN112692345A - Numerical control double-groove keyway planer - Google Patents

Numerical control double-groove keyway planer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112692345A
CN112692345A CN202011563947.5A CN202011563947A CN112692345A CN 112692345 A CN112692345 A CN 112692345A CN 202011563947 A CN202011563947 A CN 202011563947A CN 112692345 A CN112692345 A CN 112692345A
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China
Prior art keywords
tool rest
vertical
moving mechanism
transmission
motor
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CN202011563947.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建国
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Guangdong Guohui Machinery Co ltd
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Guangdong Guohui Machinery Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011563947.5A priority Critical patent/CN112692345A/en
Publication of CN112692345A publication Critical patent/CN112692345A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a numerical control double-groove keyway planer, which comprises a machine body, a main tool rest and an auxiliary tool rest, wherein the main tool rest is fixedly connected with the middle of the machine body to play a first grooving role; the auxiliary tool rest is fixedly connected with one side of the main tool rest to play a second grooving role, and two grooves can be planed on a workpiece by one stroke by horizontally moving the main tool rest, and meanwhile, the intervals of the grooves are adjustable, so that the working efficiency is greatly increased, and the manufacturing cost is reduced.

Description

Numerical control double-groove keyway planer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of numerical control machining equipment, in particular to a numerical control double-groove keyway planer.
Background
Along with the development of the processing industry and the manufacturing industry, the metal plate is processed more and more in industry, especially after the numerical control technology is more and more mature, a numerical control lathe and a numerical control keyway planer are widely applied, and the numerical control keyway planer is mainly used for processing V grooves on metal materials such as stainless steel, common iron plates, copper materials, aluminum plates and the like, and is particularly suitable for processing the V grooves before metal plates are bent.
Patent document CN 202239864U discloses a tool rest structure of a numerical control dadoing machine, which realizes the dadoing machine with two different depths in a single stroke by being provided with two pairs of tool bits, and then improves the dadoing efficiency.
According to above-mentioned patent document, current numerical control keyway planer for panel beating, the panel beating numerical control keyway planer of generally double knives head list groove, two pairs of keyway cutter heads of device under a keyway planer tool rest of this type keyway planer, adopt synchronous pulley transmission, a stroke can only set up a station during its processing, main cutter head makes a round trip once can only plane a slot on the work piece, its work efficiency is low, it is with high costs to add man-hour, servo motor depth of feed is limited simultaneously, keyway efficiency is unsatisfactory.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention provides a numerical control double-groove planer which can be used for planing two grooves on a workpiece by one stroke, so that the processing speed and efficiency are improved; meanwhile, the interval of the grooves is adjustable, so that the adjustment is convenient according to the actual condition, and the application range is increased.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a numerical control double-groove router, which can automatically process two grooves, has high working efficiency, and can effectively reduce the processing time and the manufacturing cost.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a numerical control double-groove keyway planer comprises a machine body, a main tool rest and an auxiliary tool rest, wherein the main tool rest is arranged in the middle of the machine body and plays a first grooving role; the auxiliary tool rest is arranged on one side of the main tool rest and plays a role in second grooving;
the main tool rest and the auxiliary tool rest are arranged on the machine body, so that the machining of machining two grooves in a single stroke is realized, and the machining of the main tool rest and the machining of the auxiliary tool rest are not in conflict;
the main tool rest comprises a first vertical moving mechanism, a horizontal moving mechanism and a first tool apron, the first vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the main tool rest, the main tool rest is fixed on the machine body through the first vertical moving mechanism, the horizontal moving mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the main tool rest, and the first tool apron is connected with the horizontal moving mechanism;
the first vertical moving mechanism is used for controlling the depth of the planing groove, the first tool holder is driven to move up and down, the horizontal moving mechanism is used for driving the first tool holder to move back and forth, and the machining position of the main tool holder and the auxiliary tool holder are not on the same plane, so that double grooves are machined simultaneously;
the auxiliary tool rest comprises a second vertical moving mechanism and a second tool apron, the second vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the auxiliary tool rest, the auxiliary tool rest is fixed on the machine body through the second vertical moving mechanism, and the second tool apron is connected with the second vertical moving mechanism;
the second vertical moving mechanism drives the second tool apron to move up and down, so that the function of adjusting the processing depth is provided for the auxiliary tool rest.
Further, first vertical moving mechanism includes first vertical motor, first motor frame, first transmission wheelset, first transmission, first vertical slide rail, first support plate and first slider group, first motor frame fixed connection the fuselage, first vertical motor with first drive wheel group is established on the first motor frame, first drive wheel group connects first vertical motor with first transmission, first transmission fixed connection first support plate, two first vertical slide rail parallel arrangement is in on the fuselage, first slider group passes through sliding connection first vertical slide rail, first support plate fixed connection first slider group.
The first vertical motor rotates to drive the first transmission device through the first transmission wheel set, the first transmission device is a ball screw transmission device, the first transmission device pushes the first carrier plate to slide along the first vertical slide rail under the action of the first slide block set, and therefore the main tool rest can move up and down to adjust the machining depth.
Further, the horizontal movement mechanism comprises a horizontal motor, a speed reducer, a third transmission device, a horizontal sliding rail and a third sliding block group, wherein the movable end of the horizontal motor is connected with the speed reducer, the speed reducer is connected with the third transmission device, the third transmission device is fixed on the first tool apron, the two horizontal sliding rails are arranged on the side surface of the first carrier plate in parallel, and the first tool apron is fixedly connected with the third sliding block group and then is connected with the horizontal sliding rail in a sliding mode.
The horizontal motor provides power for the horizontal moving mechanism, the power is sent to the third transmission device through the speed reducer to drive the first tool holder to horizontally move along the horizontal sliding rail through the third sliding block group, and the two grooves are machined in a single stroke.
Further, the second vertical moving mechanism comprises a second vertical motor, a second motor frame, a second transmission wheel set, a second transmission device, a second carrier plate, a second vertical sliding rail and a second sliding block set, the second motor frame is fixedly connected with the machine body, the second vertical motor and the second transmission wheel set are all arranged on the second motor frame, the second transmission wheel set is connected with the second transmission device, the second transmission device is fixedly connected with the second carrier plate, the second carrier plate is fixedly connected with the second sliding block set, the second sliding block set is connected with the second vertical sliding rail through a sliding manner, and the second vertical sliding rail is arranged on the machine body in parallel.
The second transmission wheel set sends the power of the second vertical motor to the second transmission device, and the second transmission device drives the second carrier plate to slide along the second vertical slide rail under the action of the second sliding block set, so that the machining depth of the auxiliary tool rest is adjusted.
Furthermore, a first limiting rod and a second limiting rod are arranged on the main knife rest and the auxiliary knife rest respectively, the first limiting rod is arranged at the upper end of the main knife rest, and the second limiting rod is arranged above the auxiliary knife rest.
The two first limiting rods penetrate through the first motor frame and are fixedly connected with the first carrier plate so as to limit the vertical movement of the first carrier plate; and the two second limiting rods penetrate through the second motor frame and are fixedly connected with the second carrier plate to limit the vertical movement of the second carrier plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
by arranging the main tool rest and the auxiliary tool rest, different depths of the same groove can be machined in a single stroke, and the machining speed and efficiency are improved; two grooves can be simultaneously processed in a single stroke, and the interval between the two grooves is adjustable, so that the working efficiency is greatly increased, and the manufacturing cost is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a side sectional view of the present invention.
The reference numbers illustrate: 1. a body; 2. a main tool rest; 3. a secondary tool holder; 4. a first limit rod; 5. a second limiting rod; 200. a first tool apron; 201. a first vertical motor; 202. a first motor mount; 203. a first transmission wheel set; 204. a first transmission device; 205. a first vertical slide rail; 206. a first carrier plate; 207. a first slider group; 208. a horizontal motor; 209. a speed reducer; 210. a third transmission device; 211. a horizontal slide rail; 212. a third slider group; 300. a second tool apron; 301. a second vertical motor; 302. a second motor mount; 303. a second transmission wheel set; 304. a second transmission device; 305. a second carrier plate; 306. a second vertical slide rail; 307. and a second set of sliders.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention relates to a numerical control double-groove groover, which comprises a machine body 1, a main tool holder 2 and an auxiliary tool holder 3, wherein the main tool holder 2 is arranged at the middle position of the machine body 1 to perform a first grooving function; the auxiliary tool rest 3 is arranged on one side of the main tool rest 2;
the main tool rest 2 and the auxiliary tool rest 3 are arranged on the machine body 1, so that the processing of processing two grooves in a single stroke is realized, and the processing of the main tool rest 2 and the processing of the auxiliary tool rest 3 cannot conflict;
the main tool rest 2 comprises a first vertical moving mechanism, a horizontal moving mechanism and a first tool apron 200, the first vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the main tool rest 2, the main tool rest 2 is fixed on the machine body 1 through the first vertical moving mechanism, the horizontal moving mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the main tool rest 2, and the first tool apron 200 is connected with the horizontal moving mechanism;
the first vertical moving mechanism is used for controlling the depth of a slot, so that the first tool apron 200 is driven to move up and down, the horizontal moving mechanism is used for driving the first tool apron 200 to move back and forth, the machining position of the main tool rest 2 and the auxiliary tool rest 3 are not on the same plane, and therefore double-groove simultaneous machining is carried out, and the first tool apron 200 is used for installing tools;
the auxiliary tool rest 3 comprises a second vertical moving mechanism and a second tool apron 301, the second vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the auxiliary tool rest 3, the auxiliary tool rest 3 is fixed on the machine body 1 through the second vertical moving mechanism 301, and the second tool apron 301 is connected with the second vertical moving mechanism;
the second vertical moving mechanism drives the second tool apron 301 to move up and down, so that a function of adjusting the machining depth is provided for the auxiliary tool rest 3, and the second tool apron 301 is used for installing and fixing a tool.
The first vertical moving mechanism comprises a first vertical motor 201, a first motor frame 202, a first transmission wheel set 203, a first transmission device 204, a first vertical sliding rail 205, a first carrier plate 206 and a first sliding block set 207, the first motor frame 202 is fixedly connected with the machine body 1, the first vertical motor 201 and the first transmission wheel set 203 are arranged on the first motor frame 202, the first transmission wheel set 203 is connected with the first vertical motor 201 and the first transmission device 204, the first transmission device 204 is fixedly connected with the first carrier plate 206 and two of the first vertical sliding rail 205 are arranged on the machine body 1 in parallel, the first sliding block set 207 is connected with the first vertical sliding rail 205 in a sliding mode, and the first carrier plate 206 is fixedly connected with the first sliding block set 207.
The first vertical motor 201 rotates to drive the first transmission wheel set 203 to transmit power to the first transmission device 204, the first transmission device 204 is a ball screw transmission device, the first transmission device 204 pushes the first carrier plate 206 through the first transmission device 204, and the first carrier plate slides along the first vertical slide rail 205 under the action of the first slide block set 207, so that the main tool rest 2 can move up and down to adjust the processing depth.
The horizontal moving mechanism comprises a horizontal motor 208, a speed reducer 209, a third transmission device 210, a horizontal sliding rail 211 and a third sliding block set 212, wherein the movable end of the horizontal motor 208 is connected with the speed reducer 209, the third transmission device 210 is connected through the speed reducer 209, the third transmission device 210 is fixed on the first tool apron 200, the two horizontal sliding rails 211 are arranged on the side surface of the first carrier plate 206 in parallel, and the first tool apron 200 is connected with the horizontal sliding rail 211 in a sliding manner after being fixedly connected with the third sliding block set 212.
The horizontal motor 208 provides power for the horizontal moving mechanism, and the power is transmitted to the third transmission device 210 through the speed reducer 209 to drive the first tool apron 200 to horizontally move along the horizontal sliding rail 211 through the third sliding block set 212, so that two grooves can be machined in a single stroke.
The second vertical moving mechanism comprises a second vertical motor 301, a second motor frame 302, a second transmission wheel set 303, a second transmission device 304, a second carrier plate 305, a second vertical sliding rail 306 and a second sliding block group 307, the second motor frame 302 is fixedly connected with the machine body 1, the second vertical motor 301 and the second transmission wheel set 303 are arranged on the second motor frame 302, the second transmission wheel set 303 is connected with the second transmission device 304, the second transmission device 304 is fixedly connected with the second carrier plate 305, the second carrier plate 305 is fixedly connected with the second sliding block group 307, the second sliding block group 307 is connected with the second vertical sliding rail 306 in a sliding manner, and the two second vertical sliding rails 306 are arranged on the machine body 1 in parallel.
The second transmission wheel set 303 transmits the power of the second vertical motor 301 to the second transmission device 304, and the second transmission device 304 drives the second carrier plate 305 to slide along the second vertical slide rail 306 under the action of the second slider set 307, so as to adjust the processing depth of the secondary tool rest 3.
The main knife rest 2 with be equipped with first gag lever post 4 and second gag lever post 5 on the vice knife rest 3 respectively, first gag lever post 4 is established the upper end of main knife rest 2, second gag lever post 5 is established the top of vice knife rest 3.
The two first limiting rods 4 penetrate through the first motor frame 202 and are fixedly connected with the first carrier plate 206, so as to limit the vertical movement of the first carrier plate 206; the two second limiting rods 5 penetrate through the second motor frame 302 and are fixedly connected to the second carrier 305, so as to limit the vertical movement of the second carrier 305.
The first transmission 204, the second transmission 304 and the third transmission 210 are preferably ball screw rotating devices and may alternatively be nut screw transmissions.
The front auxiliary pressing clamp device can be matched with a front auxiliary pressing clamp device when in use, the front auxiliary pressing clamp device comprises a front pressing clamp, a pressing clamp seat plate, a guide rail, a ball screw, a pressing clamp speed reducer 209 and a servo motor, the front auxiliary pressing clamp is fixed on the pressing clamp bottom plate and is fixed on the guide rail through a sliding block, and the front auxiliary pressing clamp is driven by the ball screw, the pressing clamp speed reducer 209 and the servo motor and is synchronous with the movement of the main tool rest 2, so that the purpose of single-stroke planing and double-groove planing is achieved, and workpieces are effectively prevented from being rolled up to collide with a planer tool in the machining process.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the first vertical motor 201 drives the first tool apron 200 to adjust the processing depth along the vertical direction, the second vertical motor 301 drives the second tool apron 301 to adjust the processing depth along the vertical direction, and the horizontal motor 208 drives the first tool apron 200 to adjust the processing interval along the horizontal direction;
when only a single groove needs to be machined, the first tool apron 200 and the second tool apron 301 are set to be different in height, so that the grooves with different depths can be machined in a single stroke, and the machining efficiency of the single groove is greatly improved;
when a plurality of grooves need to be processed, the horizontal motor 208 adjusts the distance between the grooves of the first tool apron 200 in the horizontal direction, so that two grooves can be processed simultaneously in a single stroke, and the processing speed of double grooves is greatly increased.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
by arranging the main tool rest 2 and the auxiliary tool rest 3, different depths of the same groove can be processed in a single stroke; two grooves can be simultaneously processed in a single stroke, and the interval between the two grooves is adjustable, so that the working efficiency is greatly increased, and the manufacturing cost is reduced
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not restrictive, and various changes and modifications to the technical solutions of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and the technical solutions of the present invention are intended to fall within the scope of the present invention defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. A numerical control double-groove keyway planer is characterized in that; the slotting machine comprises a machine body, a main tool rest and an auxiliary tool rest, wherein the main tool rest is arranged in the middle of the machine body and plays a role in slotting; the auxiliary tool rest is arranged on one side of the main tool rest and plays a role in second grooving;
the main tool rest comprises a first vertical moving mechanism, a horizontal moving mechanism and a first tool apron, the first vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the main tool rest, the main tool rest is fixed on the machine body through the first vertical moving mechanism, the horizontal moving mechanism is arranged at the lower end of the main tool rest, and the first tool apron is connected with the horizontal moving mechanism;
the auxiliary tool rest comprises a second vertical moving mechanism and a second tool apron, the second vertical moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the auxiliary tool rest, the auxiliary tool rest is fixed on the machine body through the second vertical moving mechanism, and the second tool apron is connected with the second vertical moving mechanism.
2. The numerically controlled double-groove router of claim 1, wherein: first vertical moving mechanism includes first vertical motor, first motor frame, first transmission wheelset, first transmission, first vertical slide rail, first support plate and first sliding block group, first motor frame fixed connection the fuselage, first vertical motor with first transmission wheel group establishes on the first motor frame, first transmission wheel group connects first vertical motor with first transmission, first transmission fixed connection first support plate, two first vertical slide rail parallel arrangement is in on the fuselage, first sliding block group passes through sliding connection first vertical slide rail, first support plate fixed connection first sliding block group.
3. The numerically controlled double-groove router of claim 1, wherein: the horizontal moving mechanism comprises a horizontal motor, a speed reducer, a third transmission device, a horizontal sliding rail and a third sliding block set, wherein the movable end of the horizontal motor is connected with the speed reducer, the speed reducer is connected with the third transmission device, the third transmission device is fixed on the first tool apron, the horizontal sliding rails are arranged on the side surface of the first carrier plate in parallel, and the first tool apron is fixedly connected with the third sliding block set and then is connected with the horizontal sliding rail in a sliding mode.
4. The numerically controlled double-groove router of claim 1, wherein: the vertical moving mechanism of second includes the vertical motor of second, second motor frame, the vertical slide rail of second transmission wheelset, second transmission, second support plate, the vertical slide rail of second and second sliding block group, second motor frame fixed connection the fuselage, the vertical motor of second with the second transmission wheelset all establishes on the second motor frame, the second transmission wheelset is connected second transmission, second transmission passes through fixed connection the second support plate, the second support plate passes through fixed connection the second sliding block group, the second sliding block group passes through sliding connection the vertical slide rail of second, two the vertical slide rail parallel arrangement of second is in on the fuselage.
5. The numerically controlled double-groove router of claim 1, wherein: the main tool rest and the auxiliary tool rest are respectively provided with a first limiting rod and a second limiting rod, the first limiting rod is arranged at the upper end of the main tool rest, and the second limiting rod is arranged above the auxiliary tool rest.
CN202011563947.5A 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Numerical control double-groove keyway planer Pending CN112692345A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011563947.5A CN112692345A (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Numerical control double-groove keyway planer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011563947.5A CN112692345A (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Numerical control double-groove keyway planer

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN112692345A true CN112692345A (en) 2021-04-23

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CN202011563947.5A Pending CN112692345A (en) 2020-12-25 2020-12-25 Numerical control double-groove keyway planer

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113427062A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-09-24 江苏创恒机械科技有限公司 Bidirectional double-groove composite tool rest mechanism

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113427062A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-09-24 江苏创恒机械科技有限公司 Bidirectional double-groove composite tool rest mechanism

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