CN218081705U - Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces - Google Patents

Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN218081705U
CN218081705U CN202222152463.2U CN202222152463U CN218081705U CN 218081705 U CN218081705 U CN 218081705U CN 202222152463 U CN202222152463 U CN 202222152463U CN 218081705 U CN218081705 U CN 218081705U
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China
Prior art keywords
layer board
machine tool
slope
translation
control machine
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CN202222152463.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨秀良
吴挺
张存玉
金根初
何欣荣
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Wenling Taisheng Machine Tool Co ltd
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Wenling Taisheng Machine Tool Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an axle type work piece synchronous processing digit control machine tool belongs to lathe technical field. The clamping device solves the problems that two ends of an existing machine tool workpiece are required to be clamped for the second time in machining, and the time consumption is long and the precision is low. This synchronous processing digit control machine tool of axle type work piece, including the lathe bed, the headstock, horizontal layer board and slope layer board, the headstock slope is fixed in on the lathe bed and makes both be parallel to each other with the inclination of slope layer board the same, horizontal layer board sets up and drives the translation through the lead screw in the top of headstock, horizontal layer board is perpendicular bending structure and is provided with vertical layer board on vertical face, the axis at pivot place is parallel with the translation direction of horizontal layer board, vertical layer board is located the pivot top, be provided with little planker on the slope layer board and little planker and pass through the lead screw drive and realize the slope to the translation, all install the knife rest on vertical layer board and the little planker. The utility model has the advantages of a clamping alright accomplish work piece two parts simultaneously and process for machining efficiency and machining precision all obtain effective improvement.

Description

Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the lathe, a digit control machine tool, in particular to synchronous processing digit control machine tool of axle type work piece is related to.
Background
The numerical control machine tool generally refers to some mechanical equipment for machining metal parts, and in the machining process, a workpiece is clamped and fixed through a spindle box to rotate at a high speed, and then the workpiece rotating at the high speed is contacted with a tool bit to realize cutting.
The end faces and the middle sections of the shaft workpiece blanks are required to be cut during machining according to requirements, in the prior art, a conventional machine tool can only perform machining step by step, namely one machining end face is clamped to the other machine tool to machine the middle section after machining is completed, so that the machining precision of the workpiece is not only influenced by the precision of the machine tool, but also influenced by the assembly precision of the workpiece, the machining precision of the workpiece is reduced, on the other hand, the secondary assembly of the workpiece greatly prolongs the machining time, and the production efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at the above-mentioned problem that exists among the prior art, provide a clamping alright accomplish work piece two parts simultaneously and process for machining efficiency and machining precision all obtain the synchronous processing digit control machine tool of axle type work piece that effectively improves.
The purpose of the utility model can be realized by the following technical proposal: the utility model provides an axle type work piece synchronous processing digit control machine tool, includes the lathe bed, headstock, horizontal layer board and slope layer board, the headstock slope be fixed in on the lathe bed and make both be parallel to each other with the inclination of slope layer board the same, horizontal layer board set up and drive the translation at the top of headstock through the lead screw, horizontal layer board be perpendicular bending structure and be provided with vertical layer board on vertical face, vertical layer board drive vertical translation through the lead screw, the headstock in transversely wear to be equipped with the pivot, the axis at pivot place is parallel with the translation direction of horizontal layer board, vertical layer board be located the pivot top, the slope layer board drive through the lead screw and realize horizontal translation, the slope layer board on be provided with little planker and drive through the lead screw and realize the slope to the translation, vertical layer board and little planker on all install the knife rest.
The principle of the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces is as follows: the shaft workpiece to be processed is clamped on a clamp at the end part of a rotating shaft and is driven to rotate at a high speed through the rotating shaft, the inclined supporting plate is transversely translated to be close to the end part of the rotating shaft, the small dragging plate is inclined and translated to adjust the cutting position, the end surface of the workpiece is processed by contacting the end surface of the workpiece with a tool rest on the small dragging plate, the transverse supporting plate is translated while the end surface of the workpiece is processed, the longitudinal supporting plate is driven to a set position above the workpiece, then the longitudinal supporting plate moves downwards to enable the tool rest to be contacted with the middle section of the workpiece to realize cutting, and the end surface and the middle section of the workpiece are synchronously processed through the steps.
In the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces, the main motor is fixed on the side of the machine body and is connected with the rotating shaft through the belt.
In the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces, the longitudinal supporting plate and the small carriage are respectively fixed with an adjusting plate, the adjusting plates are provided with a plurality of rows of adjusting grooves, and the tool rest is clamped in the adjusting grooves, moves horizontally along the direction of the adjusting grooves and is fastened through screws to adjust the mounting position of the tool rest.
In the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces, the middle part of the machine body is positioned below the end part of the rotating shaft and is provided with a chip removal groove.
In the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces, the translation structures of the transverse supporting plate, the inclined supporting plate, the longitudinal supporting plate and the small dragging plate are all realized by the sliding rails.
Compared with the prior art, the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces can realize cutting of the middle section of the workpiece by arranging the main shaft box in an inclined manner to enable the main shaft box to be arranged above the horizontal supporting plate, and meanwhile, the main shaft box arranged in an inclined manner is matched with the inclined supporting plate to increase the installation space so that the tool rest can be adjusted in a three-axis manner, so that two parts of the workpiece are synchronously processed, and the numerical control machine tool has the advantages of higher processing precision and shorter production time.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the machine tool;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a transverse pallet of the present bed;
in the figure, 1, a lathe bed; 2. a main spindle box; 3. a transverse supporting plate; 4. an inclined supporting plate; 5. a longitudinal support plate; 6. a rotating shaft; 7. a small carriage; 8. a tool holder; 9. a main motor; 10. an adjusting plate; 11. an adjustment groove; 12. a chip groove.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and the accompanying drawings are used to further describe the technical solution of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces comprises a machine body 1, a spindle box 2, a transverse supporting plate 3 and an inclined supporting plate 4, wherein the spindle box 2 is obliquely fixed on the machine body 1 and is parallel to the inclined supporting plate 4 with the same inclination angle, the inclination direction of the spindle box is that the rear end is higher than the front end part, the transverse supporting plate 3 is arranged at the top of the spindle box 2 and drives to translate through a lead screw, the transverse supporting plate 3 is of a vertical bending structure and is provided with a longitudinal supporting plate 5 on a vertical surface, the longitudinal supporting plate 5 drives to vertically translate through the lead screw, and specifically, the tool rest 8 on the longitudinal supporting plate 5 can realize three-coordinate adjustment, the translation through the transverse supporting plate 3 is realized respectively, and the translation of the longitudinal supporting plate 5 and the translation of the tool rest 8 on the longitudinal supporting plate 5 are realized.
The main shaft box 2 is internally and transversely provided with a rotating shaft 6 in a penetrating manner, the axis of the rotating shaft 6 is parallel to the translation direction of the transverse supporting plate 3, the longitudinal supporting plate 5 is positioned above the rotating shaft 6, the right side and the upper side are all applicable, the inclined supporting plate 4 is driven by a screw rod to realize transverse translation, the translation direction is parallel to the translation direction of the transverse supporting plate 3, the inclined supporting plate 4 is provided with a small carriage 7, the small carriage 7 is driven by the screw rod to realize inclination to translation, a tool rest 8 on the small carriage 7 is transversely translated by the inclined supporting plate 4, the inclination of the small carriage 7 realizes three-coordinate adjustment to translation and the inclination of the tool rest 8 per se.
Further, a main motor 9 is fixed on the side of the bed body 1, the main motor 9 is connected with the rotating shaft 6 through a belt, a clamp is arranged at the end of the rotating shaft 6, a workpiece is fixed on the clamp, and the main motor 9 drives the workpiece to rotate at a high speed.
In order to make the tool rest 8 easier to translate, adjust and position, the longitudinal supporting plate 5 and the small carriage 7 are respectively fixed with an adjusting plate 10, the adjusting plate 10 is provided with a plurality of rows of adjusting grooves 11, and the tool rest 8 is clamped in the adjusting grooves 11 and translates along the direction of the adjusting grooves 11 and then is fastened through screws to adjust the installation position of the tool rest 8.
A large amount of scraps are generated in the cutting process of a workpiece, and a scrap discharge groove 12 is formed in the middle of the lathe bed 1 and positioned below the end part of the rotating shaft 6 and used for collecting the scraps.
The horizontal moving structures of the transverse supporting plate 3, the inclined supporting plate 4, the longitudinal supporting plate 5 and the small supporting plate 7 are all realized by sliding rails.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications, additions and substitutions for the specific embodiments described herein may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.
Although various terms are used more herein, the possibility of using other terms is not excluded. These terms are used merely to more conveniently describe and explain the nature of the present invention; they are to be construed as being without limitation to any one of the additional limitations of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a synchronous processing digit control machine tool of axle type work piece, includes lathe bed (1), headstock (2), horizontal layer board (3) and slope layer board (4), its characterized in that, headstock (2) slope be fixed in lathe bed (1) and the same messenger both are parallel to each other with the inclination of slope layer board (4), horizontal layer board (3) set up and drive the translation through the lead screw in the top of headstock (2), horizontal layer board (3) be perpendicular bending structure and be provided with vertical layer board (5) on vertical face, vertical layer board (5) drive vertical translation through the lead screw, headstock (2) in transversely wear to be equipped with pivot (6), the axis at pivot (6) place is parallel with the translation direction of horizontal layer board (3), vertical layer board (5) be located pivot (6) top, slope layer board (4) drive through the lead screw and realize horizontal translation, slope layer board (4) on be provided with little planker (7) and little planker (7) realize the translation to the slope through driving, vertical layer board (5) and little planker all install knife rest (8).
2. The numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein a main motor (9) is fixed on the side of the machine body (1), and the main motor (9) is connected with the rotating shaft (6) through a belt.
3. The numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces according to claim 1, wherein an adjusting plate (10) is fixed on each of the longitudinal supporting plate (5) and the small carriage (7), a plurality of rows of adjusting grooves (11) are formed in each adjusting plate (10), and the tool rest (8) is clamped in the adjusting grooves (11) and translates along the direction of the adjusting grooves (11) and is fastened by screws to adjust the installation position of the tool rest (8).
4. The numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein a chip removal groove (12) is formed in the middle of the machine body (1) below the end part of the rotating shaft (6).
5. The numerical control machine tool for synchronously processing the shaft workpieces according to claim 1, wherein the translation structures of the transverse supporting plate (3), the inclined supporting plate (4), the longitudinal supporting plate (5) and the small dragging plate (7) are realized by sliding rails.
CN202222152463.2U 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces Active CN218081705U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222152463.2U CN218081705U (en) 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202222152463.2U CN218081705U (en) 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN218081705U true CN218081705U (en) 2022-12-20

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ID=84445740

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202222152463.2U Active CN218081705U (en) 2022-08-16 2022-08-16 Synchronous processing numerical control machine tool for shaft workpieces

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN218081705U (en)

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